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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Structure Of Parton Quasi-Distributions And Their Moments, A. V. Radyushkin Jan 2019

Structure Of Parton Quasi-Distributions And Their Moments, A. V. Radyushkin

Physics Faculty Publications

We discuss the structure of the parton quasi-distributions (quasi-PDFs) Q (y, P-3) outside the "canonical" -1 <= y <= 1 support region of the usual parton distribution functions (PDFs). Writing the y(n) moments of Q (y, P-3) in terms of the combined x(n-2l)k(perpendicular to)(2l)-moments of the transverse momentum distribution (TMD). F(x,k(perpendicular to)(2)), we establish a connection between the large-vertical bar y vertical bar behavior of Q (y, P-3) and large-k(perpendicular to)(2) behavior of F(x,k(perpendicular to)(2)). In particular, we show that the 1/k(perpendicular to)(2) hard tail of TMDs in QCD results in a slowly decreasing similar to 1/vertical bar y vertical bar behavior of quasi-PDFs for large vertical bar y vertical bar that produces infinite y(n) moments of Q(y, P-3). We also relate the - 1/vertical bar y vertical bar terms with the lnz(3)(2)-singularities of the Ioffe-time pseudo-distributions m(v, z(3)(2)). Converting the operator product expansion for m(v,z(3)(2)) into a matching relation between the quasi-PDF Q(y, P-3) and the light-cone PDF f (x, mu(2)), we demonstrate that there is no contradiction between the infinite values of the y(n) moments of Q (y, P-3) and finite values of the x(n) moments of f (x, mu(2))


Challenges With Large Transverse Momentum In Semi-Inclusive Deeply Inelastic Scattering, J. O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato, B. Wang Dec 2018

Challenges With Large Transverse Momentum In Semi-Inclusive Deeply Inelastic Scattering, J. O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato, B. Wang

Physics Faculty Publications

We survey the current phenomenological status of semi-inclusive deeply inelastic scattering at moderate hard scales and in the limit of very large transverse momentum. As the transverse momentum becomes comparable to or larger than the overall hard scale, the differential cross sections should be calculable with fixed order perturbative QCD (pQCD) methods, while small transverse momentum (transverse-momentum-dependent factorization) approximations should eventually break down. We find large disagreement between HERMES and COMPASS data and fixed order calculations done with modern parton densities, even in regions of kinematics where such calculations should be expected to be very accurate. Possible interpretations are suggested.


High-Brilliance, High-Flux Compact Inverse Compton Light Source, K. E. Deitrick, G. A. Krafft, B. Terzić, J. R. Delayen Aug 2018

High-Brilliance, High-Flux Compact Inverse Compton Light Source, K. E. Deitrick, G. A. Krafft, B. Terzić, J. R. Delayen

Physics Faculty Publications

The Old Dominion University Compact Light Source (ODU CLS) design concept is presented-a compact Inverse Compton Light Source (ICLS) with flux and brilliance orders of magnitude beyond conventional laboratory-scale sources and greater than other compact ICLS designs. This concept utilizes the physics of inverse Compton scattering of an extremely low emittance electron beam by a laser pulse of rms length of approximately two-thirds of a picosecond (2/3 ps). The accelerator is composed of a superconducting radio frequency (SRF) reentrant gun followed by four double-spoke SRF cavities. After the linac are three quadrupole magnets to focus the electron beam to ...


Probing High-Momentum Protons And Neutrons In Neutron-Rich Nuclei, The Clas Collaboration, L. B. Weinstein, S. Bültmann, D. Bulumulla, G. Charles, G. Dodge, F. Hauenstein, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S. Nadeeshani, Y. Prok, Z. W. Zhao Aug 2018

Probing High-Momentum Protons And Neutrons In Neutron-Rich Nuclei, The Clas Collaboration, L. B. Weinstein, S. Bültmann, D. Bulumulla, G. Charles, G. Dodge, F. Hauenstein, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S. Nadeeshani, Y. Prok, Z. W. Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

The atomic nucleus is one of the densest and most complex quantum-mechanical systems in nature. Nuclei account for nearly all the mass of the visible Universe. The properties of individual nucleons (protons and neutrons) in nuclei can be probed by scattering a high-energy particle from the nucleus and detecting this particle after it scatters, often also detecting an additional knocked-out proton. Analysis of electron- and proton-scattering experiments suggests that some nucleons in nuclei form close-proximity neutron–proton pairs with high nucleon momentum, greater than the nuclear Fermi momentum. However, how excess neutrons in neutron-rich nuclei form such close-proximity pairs remains ...


One-Loop Evolution Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions On The Lattice, Anatoly Radyushkin Jul 2018

One-Loop Evolution Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions On The Lattice, Anatoly Radyushkin

Physics Faculty Publications

We incorporate recent calculations of one-loop corrections for the reduced Ioffe-time pseudo-distribution m(v, z(3)(2) thorn to extend the leading-logarithm analysis of lattice data obtained by Orginos et al. We observe that the one-loop corrections contain a large term reflecting the fact that effective distances involved in the most important diagrams are much smaller than the nominal distance z(3). The large correction in this case may be absorbed into the evolution term, and the perturbative expansion used for extraction of parton densities at the μ ≈ 2 GeV scale is under control. The extracted parton distribution is rather ...


Electron- And Positron-Impact Ionization Of Inert Gases, R. I. Campeanu, H. R. J. Walters, Colm T. Whelan Jun 2018

Electron- And Positron-Impact Ionization Of Inert Gases, R. I. Campeanu, H. R. J. Walters, Colm T. Whelan

Physics Faculty Publications

Triple-differential cross sections (TDCS) are presented for the electron and positron impact ionization of inert gas atoms in a range of geometries where a number of significant few body effects compete to define the shape of the TDCS. Using both positrons and electrons as projectiles has opened up the possibility of performing complementary studies which could effectively isolate competing interactions which cannot be separately detected in an experiment with a single projectile. A comparison is presented between theory and the recent experiments of [Gavin, deLucio, and DuBois, Phys. Rev. A95, 062703 (2017)] for e± and contrasted with the results from ...


Nucleon And Nuclear Structure Through Dilepton Production, I. V. Anikin, N. Baltzell, M. Boer, R. Boussarie, V. M. Braun, S. J. Brodsky, A. Camsonne, W. C. Chang, L. Colaneri, C. E. Hyde Apr 2018

Nucleon And Nuclear Structure Through Dilepton Production, I. V. Anikin, N. Baltzell, M. Boer, R. Boussarie, V. M. Braun, S. J. Brodsky, A. Camsonne, W. C. Chang, L. Colaneri, C. E. Hyde

Physics Faculty Publications

Transverse momentum distributions and generalized parton distributions provide a comprehensive framework for the three-dimensional imaging of the nucleon and the nucleus experimentally using deeply virtual semi-exclusive and exclusive processes. The advent of combined high luminosity facilities and large acceptance detector capabilities enables experimental investigation of the partonic structure of hadrons with time-like virtual probes, in complement to the rich on-going space-like virtual probe program. The merits and benefits of the dilepton production channel for nuclear structure studies are discussed within the context of the International Workshop on Nucleon and Nuclear Structure through Dilepton Production taking place at the European Center ...


Numerical Study Of The Relativistic Three-Body Quantization Condition In The Isotropic Approximation, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Stephen R. Sharpe Jan 2018

Numerical Study Of The Relativistic Three-Body Quantization Condition In The Isotropic Approximation, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Stephen R. Sharpe

Physics Faculty Publications

We present numerical results showing how our recently proposed relativistic three-particle quantization condition can be used in practice. Using the isotropic (generalized s-wave) approximation, and keeping only the leading terms in the effective range expansion, we show how the quantization condition can be solved numerically in a straightforward manner. In addition, we show how the integral equations that relate the intermediate three-particle infinite-volume scattering quantity, Kdf,3, to the physical scattering amplitude can be solved at and below threshold. We test our methods by reproducing known analytic results for the 1/L expansion of the threshold state, the volume ...


Search For Three-Nucleon Short-Range Correlations In Light Nuclei, Z. Ye, P. Solvignon, D. Nguten, P. Aguilera, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, B. Anderson, D. Anez, L. B. Weinstein Jan 2018

Search For Three-Nucleon Short-Range Correlations In Light Nuclei, Z. Ye, P. Solvignon, D. Nguten, P. Aguilera, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, B. Anderson, D. Anez, L. B. Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

We present new data probing short-range correlations (SRCs) in nuclei through the measurement of electron scattering off high-momentum nucleons in nuclei. The inclusive 4He/3He cross section ratio is observed to be both x and Q2 independent for 1.5 < x < 2, confirming the dominance of two-nucleon short-range correlations. For x > 2, our data support the hypothesis that a previous claim of three-nucleon correlation dominance was an artifact caused by the limited resolution of the measurement. While 3N-SRCs appear to have an important contribution, our data show that isolating 3N-SRCs is significantly more complicated than for 2N-SRCs.


Simulation Of Inverse Compton Scattering And Its Implications On The Scattered Linewidth, N. Ranjan, B. Terzić, G. A. Krafft, V. Petrillo, I. Drebot, L. Serafini Jan 2018

Simulation Of Inverse Compton Scattering And Its Implications On The Scattered Linewidth, N. Ranjan, B. Terzić, G. A. Krafft, V. Petrillo, I. Drebot, L. Serafini

Physics Faculty Publications

Rising interest in inverse Compton sources has increased the need for efficient models that properly quantify the behavior of scattered radiation given a set of interaction parameters. The current state-of-the-art simulations rely on Monte Carlo-based methods, which, while properly expressing scattering behavior in high-probability regions of the produced spectra, may not correctly simulate such behavior in low-probability regions (e.g. tails of spectra). Moreover, sampling may take an inordinate amount of time for the desired accuracy to be achieved. In this paper, we present an analytic derivation of the expression describing the scattered radiation linewidth and propose a model to ...


Lattice Qcd Exploration Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Joseph Karpie, Savvas Zafeiropoulos Nov 2017

Lattice Qcd Exploration Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Joseph Karpie, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

Physics Faculty Publications

We demonstrate a new method of extracting parton distributions from lattice calculations. The starting idea is to treat the generic equal-time matrix element M(Pz(3), z(3)(2)) as a function of the Ioffe time nu = Pz(3) and the distance z(3). The next step is to divide M(Pz(3), z(3)(2)) by the rest-frame density M(0, z(3)(2)). Our lattice calculation shows a linear exponential z(3)-dependence in the rest-frame function, expected from the Z(z(3)(2)) factor generated by the gauge link. Still, we observe that the ratio M (Pz ...


Inverse Design Of Perfectly Transmitting Eigenchannels In Scattering Media, Milan Koirala, Raktim Sarma, Hui Cao, Alexey Yamilov Aug 2017

Inverse Design Of Perfectly Transmitting Eigenchannels In Scattering Media, Milan Koirala, Raktim Sarma, Hui Cao, Alexey Yamilov

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

Light-matter interactions inside a turbid medium can be controlled by tailoring the spatial distribution of energy density throughout the system. Wavefront shaping allows selective coupling of incident light to different transmission eigenchannels, producing dramatically different spatial intensity profiles. In contrast to the density of transmission eigenvalues that is dictated by the universal bimodal distribution, the spatial structures of the eigenchannels are not universal and depend on the confinement geometry of the system. Here, we develop and verify a model for the transmission eigenchannel with the corresponding eigenvalue close to unity. By projecting the original problem of two-dimensional diffusion in a ...


Angular Distribution Of Single-Photon Superradiance In A Dilute And Cold Atomic Ensemble, A. S. Kuraptsev, I. M. Sokolov, M. D. Havey Aug 2017

Angular Distribution Of Single-Photon Superradiance In A Dilute And Cold Atomic Ensemble, A. S. Kuraptsev, I. M. Sokolov, M. D. Havey

Physics Faculty Publications

On the basis of a quantum microscopic approach we study the dynamics of the afterglow of a dilute Gaussian atomic ensemble excited by pulsed radiation. Taking into account the vector nature of the electromagnetic field we analyze in detail the angular and polarization distribution of single-photon superradiance of such an ensemble. The dependence of the angular distribution of superradiance on the length of the pulse and its carrier frequency as well as on the size and the shape of the atomic clouds is studied. We show that there is substantial dependence of the superradiant emission on the polarization and the ...


Rosenbluth Separation Of The Π0 Electroproduction Cross Section Off The Neutron, M. Mazouz, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, K. A. Aniol, V. Bellini, M. Benali, W. Boeglin, P. Bertin, M. Canan, C. E. Hyde, S. Koirala, M. N. H. Rashad Jun 2017

Rosenbluth Separation Of The Π0 Electroproduction Cross Section Off The Neutron, M. Mazouz, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, K. A. Aniol, V. Bellini, M. Benali, W. Boeglin, P. Bertin, M. Canan, C. E. Hyde, S. Koirala, M. N. H. Rashad

Physics Faculty Publications

We report the first longitudinal-transverse separation of the deeply virtual exclusive π0 electroproduction cross section off the neutron and coherent deuteron. The corresponding four structure functions dσL/dt, dσT/dt, dσLT/dt, and dσTT/dt are extracted as a function of the momentum transfer to the recoil system at Q2 = 1.75 GeV2 and xB = 0.36. The ed -> edπ0 cross sections are found compatible with the small values expected from theoretical models. The en -> enπ0 cross sections show a dominance from the response to transversely polarized photons, and ...


Exclusive Η Electroproduction At W > 2 Gev With Clas And Transversity Generalized Parton Distributions, I. Bedlinskiy, V. Kubarovsky, P. Stoler, K. P. Adhikari, Z. Akbar, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, C. E. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, S E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, B. Torayev, L. B. Weinstein Mar 2017

Exclusive Η Electroproduction At W > 2 Gev With Clas And Transversity Generalized Parton Distributions, I. Bedlinskiy, V. Kubarovsky, P. Stoler, K. P. Adhikari, Z. Akbar, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, C. E. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, S E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, B. Torayev, L. B. Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

The cross section of the exclusive η electroproduction reaction ep -> e'p' η was measured at Jefferson Laboratory with a 5.75 GeV electron beam and the CLAS detector. Differential cross sections d4σ /dtdQ2 dxBd φη and structure functions σUT + εσL, σTT, and σLT, as functions of t, were obtained over a wide range of Q2 and xB. The η structure functions are compared with those previously measured for π0 at the same kinematics. At low t, both π0 and eta are described reasonably ...


Nonperturbative Evolution Of Parton Quasi-Distributions, A. V. Radyushkin Jan 2017

Nonperturbative Evolution Of Parton Quasi-Distributions, A. V. Radyushkin

Physics Faculty Publications

Using the formalism of parton virtuality distribution functions (VDFs) we establish a connection between the transverse momentum dependent distributions (TMDs) F(x,k2) and quasi-distributions (PQDs) Q(y,p3) introduced recently by X. Ji for lattice QCD extraction of parton distributions f(x). We build models for PQDs from the VDF-based models for soft TMDs, and analyze the p3 dependence of the resulting PQDs. We observe a strong nonperturbative evolution of PQDs for small and moderately large values of p3 reflecting the transverse momentum dependence of TMDs. Thus, the study of PQDs on the lattice in ...


Charged Higgs Production In Association With A Top Quark At Approximate Nnlo, Nikolaos Kidonakis Jul 2016

Charged Higgs Production In Association With A Top Quark At Approximate Nnlo, Nikolaos Kidonakis

Faculty Publications

I present approximate next-to-next-to-leading-order (aNNLO) total and differential cross sections for charged Higgs production in association with a top quark at LHC energies. The aNNLO results for the process bg→tH− are derived from next-to-next-to-leading-logarithm (NNLL) resummation of soft-gluon corrections. Scale and parton-distribution uncertainties for the cross sections are shown. The top-quark transverse-momentum and rapidity distributions are also calculated.


Measurement Of The Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Quasielastic Scattering From The Reaction 3He(E,E′ ), Chiranjib Dutta, Wolfgang Korsch, Y.-W. Zhang, E. Long, M. Mihovilovič, G. Jin, K. Allada, B. Anderson, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, C. Ayerbe-Gayoso, W. Boeglin Oct 2015

Measurement Of The Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Quasielastic Scattering From The Reaction 3He↑(E,E′ ), Chiranjib Dutta, Wolfgang Korsch, Y.-W. Zhang, E. Long, M. Mihovilovič, G. Jin, K. Allada, B. Anderson, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, C. Ayerbe-Gayoso, W. Boeglin

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the target single-spin asymmetry, Ay, in quasielastic scattering from the inclusive reaction 3He(e,e′ ) on a 3He gas target polarized normal to the lepton scattering plane. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero for one-photon exchange. A nonzero Ay can arise from the interference between the one- and two-photon exchange processes which is sensitive to the details of the substructure of the nucleon. An experiment recently completed at Jefferson Lab yielded asymmetries with high statistical precision at Q2=0.13, 0.46, and 0.97  GeV2 ...


Eletron-Helium Laser-Assisted Free-Free Scattering For Incident Energies From 30 - 200 Ev: Effects Of Polarization Direction, B. A. Deharak, Benjamin Nosarzewski, Mahsa Siavashpouri, Nicholas L. S. Martin Sep 2015

Eletron-Helium Laser-Assisted Free-Free Scattering For Incident Energies From 30 - 200 Ev: Effects Of Polarization Direction, B. A. Deharak, Benjamin Nosarzewski, Mahsa Siavashpouri, Nicholas L. S. Martin

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report on experiments that examine electron-helium scattering in the presence of an Nd:YAG laser field of 1.17 eV photons. At each incidentelectron energy (30, 60, and 200 eV), the laser polarization direction is varied within a plane perpendicular to the Watson approximation calculations.


Inelastic Neutron Scattering Cross Sections For 76Ge Relevant To Background In Neutrinoless Double-Β Decay Experiments, Benjamin P. Crider, Erin Elizabeth Peters, J. M. Allmond, Marcus T. Mcellistrem, Francisco M. Prados-Estévez, T. J. Ross, J. R. Vanhoy, Steven W. Yates Sep 2015

Inelastic Neutron Scattering Cross Sections For 76Ge Relevant To Background In Neutrinoless Double-Β Decay Experiments, Benjamin P. Crider, Erin Elizabeth Peters, J. M. Allmond, Marcus T. Mcellistrem, Francisco M. Prados-Estévez, T. J. Ross, J. R. Vanhoy, Steven W. Yates

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The experimental signature in searches for the neutrinoless double-β decay of 76Ge is a peak near 2039 keV in the spectrum. Given the low probability of the process, it is important that the background in this region be well understood. Inelastic scattering reactions with neutrons from muon-induced interactions and (α,n) reactions in the surrounding materials or in the detector can provide contributions to the background. We have measured the production cross sections for γ rays from the 76Ge(n,n'γ ) reaction in the 2039-keV region at incident neutron energies up to 4.9 MeV. In ...


Compton Scattering From The Deuteron Below Pion-Production Threshold, L. S. Myers, J. R. M. Annand, J. Brudvik, G. Feldman, K. G. Fissum, H. W. Grießhammer, K. Hansen, S. S. Henshaw, L. Isaksson, R. Jebali, Michael A. Kovash, M. Lundin, D. G. Middleton, A. M. Nathan, B. Schröder, S. C. Stave Aug 2015

Compton Scattering From The Deuteron Below Pion-Production Threshold, L. S. Myers, J. R. M. Annand, J. Brudvik, G. Feldman, K. G. Fissum, H. W. Grießhammer, K. Hansen, S. S. Henshaw, L. Isaksson, R. Jebali, Michael A. Kovash, M. Lundin, D. G. Middleton, A. M. Nathan, B. Schröder, S. C. Stave

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Differential cross sections for elastic scattering of photons from the deuteron have recently been measured at the Tagged-Photon Facility at theMAX IV Laboratory in Lund, Sweden. These first new measurements in more than a decade further constrain the isoscalar electromagnetic polarizabilities of the nucleon and provide the first-ever results above 100 MeV, where the sensitivity to the polarizabilities is increased. We add 23 points between 70 and 112 MeV, at angles 60, 120, and 150. Analysis of these data using a chiral effective field theory indicates that the cross sections are both self-consistent and consistent with previous measurements. Extracted values ...


Measurement Of The Scattering Cross Section Of Slow Neutrons On Liquid Parahydrogen From Neutron Transmission, K. B. Grammer, R. Alarcon, L. Barrón-Palos, D. Blyth, J. D. Bowman, J. Calarco, Christopher Crawford, K. Craycroft, D. Evans, N. Fomin, J. Fry, M. Gericke, R. C. Gillis, G. L. Greene, J. Hamblen, C. Hayes, S. Kucuker, R. Mahurin, M. Maldonado-Velázquez, E. Martin, M. Mccrea, P. E. Mueller, M. Musgrave, H. Nann, S. I. Penttilä, W. M. Snow, Z. Tang, W. S. Wilburn May 2015

Measurement Of The Scattering Cross Section Of Slow Neutrons On Liquid Parahydrogen From Neutron Transmission, K. B. Grammer, R. Alarcon, L. Barrón-Palos, D. Blyth, J. D. Bowman, J. Calarco, Christopher Crawford, K. Craycroft, D. Evans, N. Fomin, J. Fry, M. Gericke, R. C. Gillis, G. L. Greene, J. Hamblen, C. Hayes, S. Kucuker, R. Mahurin, M. Maldonado-Velázquez, E. Martin, M. Mccrea, P. E. Mueller, M. Musgrave, H. Nann, S. I. Penttilä, W. M. Snow, Z. Tang, W. S. Wilburn

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Liquid hydrogen is a dense Bose fluid whose equilibrium properties are both calculable from first principles using various theoretical approaches and of interest for the understanding of a wide range of questions in many-body physics. . . .

The remainder of this abstract can be read at:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.91.180301


Separated Response Functions In Exclusive, Forward Π± Electroproduction On Deuterium, G. M. Huber, H. P. Blok, A. Klein, L. M. Qin, K. Vansyoc, Jefferson Lab, Fπ Collaboration Jan 2015

Separated Response Functions In Exclusive, Forward Π± Electroproduction On Deuterium, G. M. Huber, H. P. Blok, A. Klein, L. M. Qin, K. Vansyoc, Jefferson Lab, Fπ Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

Background: Measurements of forward exclusive meson production at different squared four-momenta of the exchanged virtual photon, Q2, and at different four-momentum transfer, t, can be used to probe QCD's transition from meson-nucleon degrees of freedom at long distances to quark-gluon degrees of freedom at short scales. Ratios of separated response functions in π- and π+ electroproduction are particularly informative. The ratio for transverse photons may allow this transition to be more easily observed, while the ratio for longitudinal photons provides a crucial verification of the assumed pole dominance, needed for reliable extraction of the pion form factor from ...


Direct Observation Of Quark-Hadron Duality In The Free Neutron F2 Structure Function, I. Niculescu, G. Niculescu, W. Melnitchouk, J. Arrington, M. E. Christy, S. Kuhn Jan 2015

Direct Observation Of Quark-Hadron Duality In The Free Neutron F2 Structure Function, I. Niculescu, G. Niculescu, W. Melnitchouk, J. Arrington, M. E. Christy, S. Kuhn

Physics Faculty Publications

Using the recently published data from the BONuS(Barely Off-shell Nucleon Structure) experiment at Jefferson Lab, which utilized a spectator tagging technique to extract the inclusive electron-free neutron scattering cross section, we obtain the first direct observation of quark-hadron duality in the neutron F-2 structure function. The data are used to reconstruct the lowest few (N = 2, 4, and 6) moments of F-2 in the three prominent nucleon resonance regions, as well as the moments integrated over the entire resonance region. Comparison with moments computed from global parametrizations of parton distribution functions suggest that quark-hadron duality holds locally for the ...


Rapidity Evolution Of Gluon Tmd From Low To Moderate X, I. Balitsky, A. Tarasov Jan 2015

Rapidity Evolution Of Gluon Tmd From Low To Moderate X, I. Balitsky, A. Tarasov

Physics Faculty Publications

We study how the rapidity evolution of gluon transverse momentum dependent distribution changes from nonlinear evolution at small x << 1 to linear evolution at moderate x ∼ 1.


Single Spin Asymmetries In Charged Kaon Production From Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering On A Transversely Polarized 3He Target, C. Dutta, A. Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch, Y. X. Zhao, Y. Wang, K. Allada, K. Aniol, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, P. C. Bradshaw, P. Bosted Nov 2014

Single Spin Asymmetries In Charged Kaon Production From Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering On A Transversely Polarized 3He Target, C. Dutta, A. Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch, Y. X. Zhao, Y. Wang, K. Allada, K. Aniol, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, P. C. Bradshaw, P. Bosted

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of target single spin asymmetries of charged kaons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering of electrons off a transversely polarized 3He target. Both the Collins and Sivers moments, which are related to the nucleon transversity and Sivers distributions, respectively, are extracted over the kinematic range of 0.1<xbj<0.4 for K+ and K production. While the Collins and Sivers moments for K+ are consistent with zero within the experimental uncertainties, both moments for K favor negative values. The Sivers moments are compared to the theoretical prediction from a phenomenological fit to the world data. While ...


Measurement Of “Pretzelosity” Asymmetry Of Charged Pion Production In Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering On A Polarized 3He Target, K. Allada, C. Dutta, A. Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch, Y. Zhang, X. Qian, J. Huang, J. Katich, Y. Wang, K. Aniol, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett Nov 2014

Measurement Of “Pretzelosity” Asymmetry Of Charged Pion Production In Semi-Inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering On A Polarized 3He Target, K. Allada, C. Dutta, A. Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch, Y. Zhang, X. Qian, J. Huang, J. Katich, Y. Wang, K. Aniol, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

An experiment to measure single-spin asymmetries of semi-inclusive production of charged pions in deep-inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized 3He target was performed at Jefferson Laboratory in the kinematic region of 0.16<x<0.35 and 1.42<2.7 GeV2 Pretzelosity asymmetries on 3He, which are expressed as the convolution of the h1T transverse-momentum-dependent distribution functions and the Collins fragmentation functions in the leading order, were measured for the first time. Under the effective polarization approximation, we extracted the corresponding neutron asymmetries from the measured 3He asymmetries and cross-section ratios between the proton and 3He. Our results show that both ...


Measurement Of The Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Deep-Inelastic Scattering From The Reaction 3He(E,E′)X, K. Allada, C. Dutta, A. Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch, J. Katich, X. Qian, Y. X. Zhao, K. Aniol, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, P. C. Bradshaw, P. Bosted Jul 2014

Measurement Of The Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry In Deep-Inelastic Scattering From The Reaction 3He↑(E,E′)X, K. Allada, C. Dutta, A. Kolarkar, Wolfgang Korsch, J. Katich, X. Qian, Y. X. Zhao, K. Aniol, J. R. M. Annand, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, P. C. Bradshaw, P. Bosted

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We report the first measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the inclusive reaction 3He(e,e′)X on a polarized 3He gas target. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero in the Born approximation but can be nonzero if two-photon-exchange contributions are included. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.89 GeV electron beam, covers a range of 1.7<W<2.9 GeV, 1.0<Q2<4.0 GeV2 and 0.16<x<6.5. Neutron asymmetries were extracted using the effective nucleon polarization and measured proton-to-3He cross-section ratios. The measured neutron asymmetries are negative with an average value of (−1.09±0.38)×10−2 for invariant ...


Fully Differential Cross Sections For Electron-Impact Excitation-Ionization Of Aligned D2, Esam Ali, A. L. Harris, J. Lower, E. Weigold, Chuang-Gang Ning, Don H. Madison Jun 2014

Fully Differential Cross Sections For Electron-Impact Excitation-Ionization Of Aligned D2, Esam Ali, A. L. Harris, J. Lower, E. Weigold, Chuang-Gang Ning, Don H. Madison

Physics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We examine fully differential cross sections for 176 eV electron-impact dissociative excitation-ionization of orientated D2 for transitions to final ion states 2sσg, 2pσu, and 2pπu. In previous work [Phys. Rev. A 88, 062705 (2013)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.88.062705], we calculated these cross sections using the molecular four-body distorted wave (M4DW) method with the ground-state D2 wave function being approximated by a product of two Dyson 1s-type orbitals. The theoretical results were compared with experimental measurements for five different orientations of the target molecule (four in the scattering plane and one perpendicular to the scattering plane). For ...


Monte Carlo Simulations Of Atmospheric Loss By Stellar Winds From Exoplanets, Daniel P. Violette May 2014

Monte Carlo Simulations Of Atmospheric Loss By Stellar Winds From Exoplanets, Daniel P. Violette

University Scholar Projects

Hot Jupiters are a class of extra-solar planets. Massive gas giants on the same size scale as Jupiter, they orbit their host stars closely. This proximity results in large stellar winds capable of stripping away a planet’s atmosphere. Developing a more complete understanding of atmospheric mass loss and evolution in planetary bodies is critical, and Hot Jupiter systems are accessible analogues.

This project will seek to create a computational model capable of estimating mass loss rates due to stellar winds. A Monte Carlo method is utilized to take an ensemble of single, high-energy energetic neutral particles, produced by kilo-electronvolt ...