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## Full-Text Articles in Physics

Structure Of Parton Quasi-Distributions And Their Moments, A. V. Radyushkin

#### Structure Of Parton Quasi-Distributions And Their Moments, A. V. Radyushkin

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We discuss the structure of the parton quasi-distributions (quasi-PDFs) Q (y, P-3) outside the "canonical" -1 <= y <= 1 support region of the usual parton distribution functions (PDFs). Writing the y(n) moments of Q (y, P-3) in terms of the combined x(n-2l)k(perpendicular to)(2l)-moments of the transverse momentum distribution (TMD). F(x,k(perpendicular to)(2)), we establish a connection between the large-vertical bar y vertical bar behavior of Q (y, P-3) and large-k(perpendicular to)(2) behavior of F(x,k(perpendicular to)(2)). In particular, we show that the 1/k(perpendicular to)(2) hard tail of TMDs in QCD results in a slowly decreasing similar to 1/vertical bar y vertical bar behavior of quasi-PDFs for large vertical bar y vertical bar that produces infinite y(n) moments of Q(y, P-3). We also relate the - 1/vertical bar y vertical bar terms with the lnz(3)(2)-singularities of the Ioffe-time pseudo-distributions m(v, z(3)(2)). Converting the operator product expansion for m(v,z(3)(2)) into a matching relation between the quasi-PDF Q(y, P-3) and the light-cone PDF f (x, mu(2)), we demonstrate that there is no contradiction between the infinite values of the y(n) moments of Q (y, P-3) and finite values of the x(n) moments of f (x, mu(2))

Form Factors Of Two-Hadron States From A Covariant Finite-Volume Formalism, Alessandro Baroni, Raúl Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Felipe G. Ortega-Gama

#### Form Factors Of Two-Hadron States From A Covariant Finite-Volume Formalism, Alessandro Baroni, Raúl Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Felipe G. Ortega-Gama

*Physics Faculty Publications*

In this work we develop a Lorentz-covariant version of the previously derived formalism for relating finite-volume matrix elements to **2 + J → 2** transition amplitudes. We also give various details relevant for the implementation of this formalism in a realistic numerical lattice QCD calculation. Particular focus is given to the role of single-particle form factors in disentangling finite-volume effects from the triangle diagram that arise when **J** couples to one of the two hadrons. This also leads to a new finite-volume function, denoted **G**, the numerical evaluation of which is described in detail. As an example we discuss the determination of ...

Challenges With Large Transverse Momentum In Semi-Inclusive Deeply Inelastic Scattering, J. O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato, B. Wang

#### Challenges With Large Transverse Momentum In Semi-Inclusive Deeply Inelastic Scattering, J. O. Gonzalez-Hernandez, T. C. Rogers, N. Sato, B. Wang

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We survey the current phenomenological status of semi-inclusive deeply inelastic scattering at moderate hard scales and in the limit of very large transverse momentum. As the transverse momentum becomes comparable to or larger than the overall hard scale, the differential cross sections should be calculable with fixed order perturbative QCD (pQCD) methods, while small transverse momentum (transverse-momentum-dependent factorization) approximations should eventually break down. We find large disagreement between HERMES and COMPASS data and fixed order calculations done with modern parton densities, even in regions of kinematics where such calculations should be expected to be very accurate. Possible interpretations are suggested.

High-Brilliance, High-Flux Compact Inverse Compton Light Source, K. E. Deitrick, G. A. Krafft, B. Terzić, J. R. Delayen

#### High-Brilliance, High-Flux Compact Inverse Compton Light Source, K. E. Deitrick, G. A. Krafft, B. Terzić, J. R. Delayen

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The Old Dominion University Compact Light Source (ODU CLS) design concept is presented-a compact Inverse Compton Light Source (ICLS) with flux and brilliance orders of magnitude beyond conventional laboratory-scale sources and greater than other compact ICLS designs. This concept utilizes the physics of inverse Compton scattering of an extremely low emittance electron beam by a laser pulse of rms length of approximately two-thirds of a picosecond (2/3 ps). The accelerator is composed of a superconducting radio frequency (SRF) reentrant gun followed by four double-spoke SRF cavities. After the linac are three quadrupole magnets to focus the electron beam to ...

Probing High-Momentum Protons And Neutrons In Neutron-Rich Nuclei, The Clas Collaboration, L. B. Weinstein, S. Bültmann, D. Bulumulla, G. Charles, G. Dodge, F. Hauenstein, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S. Nadeeshani, Y. Prok, Z. W. Zhao

#### Probing High-Momentum Protons And Neutrons In Neutron-Rich Nuclei, The Clas Collaboration, L. B. Weinstein, S. Bültmann, D. Bulumulla, G. Charles, G. Dodge, F. Hauenstein, C. E. Hyde, A. Klein, S. Nadeeshani, Y. Prok, Z. W. Zhao

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The atomic nucleus is one of the densest and most complex quantum-mechanical systems in nature. Nuclei account for nearly all the mass of the visible Universe. The properties of individual nucleons (protons and neutrons) in nuclei can be probed by scattering a high-energy particle from the nucleus and detecting this particle after it scatters, often also detecting an additional knocked-out proton. Analysis of electron- and proton-scattering experiments suggests that some nucleons in nuclei form close-proximity neutron–proton pairs with high nucleon momentum, greater than the nuclear Fermi momentum. However, how excess neutrons in neutron-rich nuclei form such close-proximity pairs remains ...

One-Loop Evolution Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions On The Lattice, Anatoly Radyushkin

#### One-Loop Evolution Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions On The Lattice, Anatoly Radyushkin

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We incorporate recent calculations of one-loop corrections for the reduced Ioffe-time pseudo-distribution m(v, z(3)(2) thorn to extend the leading-logarithm analysis of lattice data obtained by Orginos et al. We observe that the one-loop corrections contain a large term reflecting the fact that effective distances involved in the most important diagrams are much smaller than the nominal distance z(3). The large correction in this case may be absorbed into the evolution term, and the perturbative expansion used for extraction of parton densities at the μ ≈ 2 GeV scale is under control. The extracted parton distribution is rather ...

Electron- And Positron-Impact Ionization Of Inert Gases, R. I. Campeanu, H. R. J. Walters, Colm T. Whelan

#### Electron- And Positron-Impact Ionization Of Inert Gases, R. I. Campeanu, H. R. J. Walters, Colm T. Whelan

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Triple-differential cross sections (TDCS) are presented for the electron and positron impact ionization of inert gas atoms in a range of geometries where a number of significant few body effects compete to define the shape of the TDCS. Using both positrons and electrons as projectiles has opened up the possibility of performing complementary studies which could effectively isolate competing interactions which cannot be separately detected in an experiment with a single projectile. A comparison is presented between theory and the recent experiments of [Gavin, deLucio, and DuBois, Phys. Rev. A95, 062703 (2017)] for *e ^{±}* and contrasted with the results from ...

Nucleon And Nuclear Structure Through Dilepton Production, I. V. Anikin, N. Baltzell, M. Boer, R. Boussarie, V. M. Braun, S. J. Brodsky, A. Camsonne, W. C. Chang, L. Colaneri, C. E. Hyde

#### Nucleon And Nuclear Structure Through Dilepton Production, I. V. Anikin, N. Baltzell, M. Boer, R. Boussarie, V. M. Braun, S. J. Brodsky, A. Camsonne, W. C. Chang, L. Colaneri, C. E. Hyde

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Transverse momentum distributions and generalized parton distributions provide a comprehensive framework for the three-dimensional imaging of the nucleon and the nucleus experimentally using deeply virtual semi-exclusive and exclusive processes. The advent of combined high luminosity facilities and large acceptance detector capabilities enables experimental investigation of the partonic structure of hadrons with time-like virtual probes, in complement to the rich on-going space-like virtual probe program. The merits and benefits of the dilepton production channel for nuclear structure studies are discussed within the context of the International Workshop on Nucleon and Nuclear Structure through Dilepton Production taking place at the European Center ...

Search For Three-Nucleon Short-Range Correlations In Light Nuclei, Z. Ye, P. Solvignon, D. Nguten, P. Aguilera, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, B. Anderson, D. Anez, L. B. Weinstein

#### Search For Three-Nucleon Short-Range Correlations In Light Nuclei, Z. Ye, P. Solvignon, D. Nguten, P. Aguilera, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, B. Anderson, D. Anez, L. B. Weinstein

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We present new data probing short-range correlations (SRCs) in nuclei through the measurement of electron scattering off high-momentum nucleons in nuclei. The inclusive ^{4}He/^{3}He cross section ratio is observed to be both* x* and Q^{2} independent for 1.5 < *x* < 2, confirming the dominance of two-nucleon short-range correlations. For *x* > 2, our data support the hypothesis that a previous claim of three-nucleon correlation dominance was an artifact caused by the limited resolution of the measurement. While 3N-SRCs appear to have an important contribution, our data show that isolating 3N-SRCs is significantly more complicated than for 2N-SRCs.

Simulation Of Inverse Compton Scattering And Its Implications On The Scattered Linewidth, N. Ranjan, B. Terzić, G. A. Krafft, V. Petrillo, I. Drebot, L. Serafini

#### Simulation Of Inverse Compton Scattering And Its Implications On The Scattered Linewidth, N. Ranjan, B. Terzić, G. A. Krafft, V. Petrillo, I. Drebot, L. Serafini

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Rising interest in inverse Compton sources has increased the need for efficient models that properly quantify the behavior of scattered radiation given a set of interaction parameters. The current state-of-the-art simulations rely on Monte Carlo-based methods, which, while properly expressing scattering behavior in high-probability regions of the produced spectra, may not correctly simulate such behavior in low-probability regions (e.g. tails of spectra). Moreover, sampling may take an inordinate amount of time for the desired accuracy to be achieved. In this paper, we present an analytic derivation of the expression describing the scattered radiation linewidth and propose a model to ...

Numerical Study Of The Relativistic Three-Body Quantization Condition In The Isotropic Approximation, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Stephen R. Sharpe

#### Numerical Study Of The Relativistic Three-Body Quantization Condition In The Isotropic Approximation, Raúl A. Briceño, Maxwell T. Hansen, Stephen R. Sharpe

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We present numerical results showing how our recently proposed relativistic three-particle quantization condition can be used in practice. Using the isotropic (generalized s-wave) approximation, and keeping only the leading terms in the effective range expansion, we show how the quantization condition can be solved numerically in a straightforward manner. In addition, we show how the integral equations that relate the intermediate three-particle infinite-volume scattering quantity, *K _{df,}3*, to the physical scattering amplitude can be solved at and below threshold. We test our methods by reproducing known analytic results for the 1/L expansion of the threshold state, the volume ...

Lattice Qcd Exploration Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Joseph Karpie, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

#### Lattice Qcd Exploration Of Parton Pseudo-Distribution Functions, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Joseph Karpie, Savvas Zafeiropoulos

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We demonstrate a new method of extracting parton distributions from lattice calculations. The starting idea is to treat the generic equal-time matrix element M(Pz(3), z(3)(2)) as a function of the Ioffe time nu = Pz(3) and the distance z(3). The next step is to divide M(Pz(3), z(3)(2)) by the rest-frame density M(0, z(3)(2)). Our lattice calculation shows a linear exponential z(3)-dependence in the rest-frame function, expected from the Z(z(3)(2)) factor generated by the gauge link. Still, we observe that the ratio M (Pz ...

Angular Distribution Of Single-Photon Superradiance In A Dilute And Cold Atomic Ensemble, A. S. Kuraptsev, I. M. Sokolov, M. D. Havey

#### Angular Distribution Of Single-Photon Superradiance In A Dilute And Cold Atomic Ensemble, A. S. Kuraptsev, I. M. Sokolov, M. D. Havey

*Physics Faculty Publications*

On the basis of a quantum microscopic approach we study the dynamics of the afterglow of a dilute Gaussian atomic ensemble excited by pulsed radiation. Taking into account the vector nature of the electromagnetic field we analyze in detail the angular and polarization distribution of single-photon superradiance of such an ensemble. The dependence of the angular distribution of superradiance on the length of the pulse and its carrier frequency as well as on the size and the shape of the atomic clouds is studied. We show that there is substantial dependence of the superradiant emission on the polarization and the ...

Rosenbluth Separation Of The Π0 Electroproduction Cross Section Off The Neutron, M. Mazouz, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, K. A. Aniol, V. Bellini, M. Benali, W. Boeglin, P. Bertin, M. Canan, C. E. Hyde, S. Koirala, M. N. H. Rashad

#### Rosenbluth Separation Of The Π0 Electroproduction Cross Section Off The Neutron, M. Mazouz, Z. Ahmed, H. Albataineh, K. Allada, K. A. Aniol, V. Bellini, M. Benali, W. Boeglin, P. Bertin, M. Canan, C. E. Hyde, S. Koirala, M. N. H. Rashad

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We report the first longitudinal-transverse separation of the deeply virtual exclusive *π*^{0} electroproduction cross section off the neutron and coherent deuteron. The corresponding four structure functions dσ_{L}/dt, dσ_{T}/dt, dσ_{LT}/dt, and dσ_{TT}/dt are extracted as a function of the momentum transfer to the recoil system at Q^{2} = 1.75 GeV^{2} and x_{B} = 0.36. The *ed* -> ed*π ^{0}* cross sections are found compatible with the small values expected from theoretical models. The

*en*->

*enπ*cross sections show a dominance from the response to transversely polarized photons, and ...

^{0}Exclusive Η Electroproduction At W > 2 Gev With Clas And Transversity Generalized Parton Distributions, I. Bedlinskiy, V. Kubarovsky, P. Stoler, K. P. Adhikari, Z. Akbar, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, C. E. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, S E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, B. Torayev, L. B. Weinstein

#### Exclusive Η Electroproduction At W > 2 Gev With Clas And Transversity Generalized Parton Distributions, I. Bedlinskiy, V. Kubarovsky, P. Stoler, K. P. Adhikari, Z. Akbar, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, N. A. Baltzell, M. Battaglieri, C. E. Hyde, M. Khachatryan, S E. Kuhn, Y. Prok, B. Torayev, L. B. Weinstein

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The cross section of the exclusive *η* electroproduction reaction ep -> *e'p*'* η* was measured at Jefferson Laboratory with a 5.75 GeV electron beam and the CLAS detector. Differential cross sections *d*^{4}σ /*dtdQ*^{2} *dx _{B}d* φ

_{η}and structure functions σ

_{U}=σ

_{T}+ εσ

_{L}, σ

_{TT}, and σ

_{LT,}as functions of

*t*, were obtained over a wide range of Q

^{2}and x

_{B}. The

*η*structure functions are compared with those previously measured for π

^{0}at the same kinematics. At low

*t,*both π

^{0}and eta are described reasonably ...

Nonperturbative Evolution Of Parton Quasi-Distributions, A. V. Radyushkin

#### Nonperturbative Evolution Of Parton Quasi-Distributions, A. V. Radyushkin

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Using the formalism of parton virtuality distribution functions (VDFs) we establish a connection between the transverse momentum dependent distributions (TMDs) F(x,k^{2}_{⊥}) and quasi-distributions (PQDs) Q(*y*,*p _{3}*) introduced recently by X. Ji for lattice QCD extraction of parton distributions f(x). We build models for PQDs from the VDF-based models for soft TMDs, and analyze the

*p*dependence of the resulting PQDs. We observe a strong nonperturbative evolution of PQDs for small and moderately large values of

_{3}*p*reflecting the transverse momentum dependence of TMDs. Thus, the study of PQDs on the lattice in ...

_{3}Separated Response Functions In Exclusive, Forward Π± Electroproduction On Deuterium, G. M. Huber, H. P. Blok, A. Klein, L. M. Qin, K. Vansyoc, Jefferson Lab, Fπ Collaboration

#### Separated Response Functions In Exclusive, Forward Π± Electroproduction On Deuterium, G. M. Huber, H. P. Blok, A. Klein, L. M. Qin, K. Vansyoc, Jefferson Lab, Fπ Collaboration

*Physics Faculty Publications*

**Background:** Measurements of forward exclusive meson production at different squared four-momenta of the exchanged virtual photon, Q^{2}, and at different four-momentum transfer, t, can be used to probe QCD's transition from meson-nucleon degrees of freedom at long distances to quark-gluon degrees of freedom at short scales. Ratios of separated response functions in π^{-} and π^{+} electroproduction are particularly informative. The ratio for transverse photons may allow this transition to be more easily observed, while the ratio for longitudinal photons provides a crucial verification of the assumed pole dominance, needed for reliable extraction of the pion form factor from ...

Direct Observation Of Quark-Hadron Duality In The Free Neutron F2 Structure Function, I. Niculescu, G. Niculescu, W. Melnitchouk, J. Arrington, M. E. Christy, S. Kuhn

#### Direct Observation Of Quark-Hadron Duality In The Free Neutron F2 Structure Function, I. Niculescu, G. Niculescu, W. Melnitchouk, J. Arrington, M. E. Christy, S. Kuhn

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Using the recently published data from the BONuS(Barely Off-shell Nucleon Structure) experiment at Jefferson Lab, which utilized a spectator tagging technique to extract the inclusive electron-free neutron scattering cross section, we obtain the first direct observation of quark-hadron duality in the neutron F-2 structure function. The data are used to reconstruct the lowest few (N = 2, 4, and 6) moments of F-2 in the three prominent nucleon resonance regions, as well as the moments integrated over the entire resonance region. Comparison with moments computed from global parametrizations of parton distribution functions suggest that quark-hadron duality holds locally for the ...

Rapidity Evolution Of Gluon Tmd From Low To Moderate X, I. Balitsky, A. Tarasov

#### Rapidity Evolution Of Gluon Tmd From Low To Moderate X, I. Balitsky, A. Tarasov

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We study how the rapidity evolution of gluon transverse momentum dependent distribution changes from nonlinear evolution at small x << 1 to linear evolution at moderate x ∼ 1.

Measurement Of Double-Polarization Asymmetries In The Quasielastic ³→He (→E, E' D) Process, M. Mihovilovic, G. Jin, M. Canan, S. Golge, R. Schiavilla, Jefferson Lab Hall A. Collaboration

#### Measurement Of Double-Polarization Asymmetries In The Quasielastic ³→He (→E, E' D) Process, M. Mihovilovic, G. Jin, M. Canan, S. Golge, R. Schiavilla, Jefferson Lab Hall A. Collaboration

*Physics Faculty Publications*

We present a precise measurement of double-polarization asymmetries in the ³→He (→e, e' d) reaction. This particular process is a uniquely sensitive probe of hadron dynamics in ^{3}He and the structure of the underlying electromagnetic currents. The measurements have been performed in and around quasielastic kinematics at Q^{2} = 0.25(GeV/c)^{2} for missing momenta up to 270 MeV/c. The asymmetries are in fair agreement with the state-of-the-art calculations in terms of their functional dependencies on p_{m }and ω, but are systematically offset. Beyond the region of the quasielastic peak, the discrepancies become even ...

Data Analysis Techniques, Differential Cross Sections, And Spin Density Matrix Elements For The Reaction ᵞP → Φp, K.P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M.J. Amaryan, A. Klein, S. Koirala, Clas Collaboration

#### Data Analysis Techniques, Differential Cross Sections, And Spin Density Matrix Elements For The Reaction ᵞP → Φp, K.P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, M.J. Amaryan, A. Klein, S. Koirala, Clas Collaboration

*Physics Faculty Publications*

High-statistics measurements of differential cross sections and spin density matrix elements for the reaction ᵞp → ϕp have been made using the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. We cover center-of-mass energies (√s) from 1.97 to 2.84 GeV, with an extensive coverage in the ϕ production angle. The high statistics of the data sample made it necessary to carefully account for the interplay between the ϕ natural lineshape and effects of the detector resolution, that are found to be comparable in magnitude. We study both the charged-(ϕ → K^{+} K^{-}) and neutral( ϕ → (K^{O}_{S}K^{O}_{L}) K ...

Electron Transport In Quantum Dot Chains: Dimensionality Effects And Hopping Conductance, V. P. Kunets, Mariama Rebello Sousa Dias, T. Rembert, M. E. Ware, Y. I. Mazur, V. Lopez-Richard, H. A. Mantooth, G. E. Marques, G. J. Salamo

#### Electron Transport In Quantum Dot Chains: Dimensionality Effects And Hopping Conductance, V. P. Kunets, Mariama Rebello Sousa Dias, T. Rembert, M. E. Ware, Y. I. Mazur, V. Lopez-Richard, H. A. Mantooth, G. E. Marques, G. J. Salamo

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Detailed experimental and theoretical studies of lateral electron transport in a system of quantum dot chains demonstrate the complicated character of the conductance within the chain structure due to the interaction of conduction channels with different dimensionalities. The one-dimensional character of states in the wetting layer results in an anisotropic mobility, while the presence of the zero-dimensional states of the quantum dots leads to enhanced hopping conductance, which affects the low-temperature mobility and demonstrates an anisotropy in the conductance. These phenomena were probed by considering a one-dimensional model of hopping along with band filling effects. Differences between the model and ...

High-Energy Amplitudes In N= 4 Sym In The Next-To-Leading Order, Ian Balitsky, Giovanni A. Chirilli

#### High-Energy Amplitudes In N= 4 Sym In The Next-To-Leading Order, Ian Balitsky, Giovanni A. Chirilli

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The high-energy behavior of the N = 4 SYM amplitudes in the Regge limit can be calculated order by order in perturbation theory using the high-energy operator expansion in Wilson lines. At large Nc , a typical four-point amplitude is determined by a single BFKL pomeron. The conformal structure of the four-point amplitude is fixed in terms of two functions: pomeron intercept and the coefficient function in front of the pomeron (the product of two residues). The pomeron intercept is universal while the coefficient function depends on the correlator in question. The intercept is known in the first two orders in coupling ...

Unique Electron Polarimeter Analyzing Power Comparison And Precision Spin-Based Energy Measurement, J. M. Grames, C. K. Sinclair, J. Mitchell, E. Chudakov, H. Fenker, A. Freyberger, D. W. Higinbotham, M. Poelker, M. Steigerwald, M. Tiefenback, Vipuli Dharmawardane

#### Unique Electron Polarimeter Analyzing Power Comparison And Precision Spin-Based Energy Measurement, J. M. Grames, C. K. Sinclair, J. Mitchell, E. Chudakov, H. Fenker, A. Freyberger, D. W. Higinbotham, M. Poelker, M. Steigerwald, M. Tiefenback, Vipuli Dharmawardane

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Precision measurements of the relative analyzing powers of five electron beam polarimeters, based on Compton, Moller, and Mott scattering, have been performed using the CEBAF accelerator at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility ( Jefferson Laboratory). A Wien filter in the 100 keV beam line of the injector was used to vary the electron spin orientation exiting the injector. High statistical precision measurements of the scattering asymmetry as a function of the spin orientation were made with each polarimeter. Since each polarimeter receives beam with the same magnitude of polarization, these asymmetry measurements permit a high statistical precision comparison of the ...

Inclusive Photoproduction Of Lepton Pairs In The Parton Model, A. Psaker

#### Inclusive Photoproduction Of Lepton Pairs In The Parton Model, A. Psaker

*Physics Faculty Publications*

In the framework of the QCD parton model, we study unpolarized scattering of high energy real photons from a proton target into lepton pairs and a system of hadrons. For a given parametrization of parton distributions in the proton, we calculate the cross section of this process and show the cancellation of the interference terms.

Gamma Echo Interpreted As A Phase-Shift Induced Transparency, Gilbert R. Hoy, Jos Odeurs

#### Gamma Echo Interpreted As A Phase-Shift Induced Transparency, Gilbert R. Hoy, Jos Odeurs

*Physics Faculty Publications*

In the gamma-echo technique a radioactive source is moved, with respect to a nuclear-resonant absorber, during the lifetime of first-excited nuclear state. This introduces a phase shift between the source radiation and the radiation from the absorber. If the source is moved abruptly, introducing a pi phase shift, the time-dependent intensity shows a sharp increase in the intensity at that time, the "gamma echo." Using the recently developed one-dimensional quantum-mechanical model, based on the technique developed by Heitler and Harris, the gamma-echo effect is seen to be a phase-shift-induced transparency. A closed-form solution for the time-dependent transmitted intensity has been ...

Enhanced Coupling To Microsphere Resonances With Optical Fibers, A. Serpengüzel, S. Arnold, G. Griffel, James A. Lock

#### Enhanced Coupling To Microsphere Resonances With Optical Fibers, A. Serpengüzel, S. Arnold, G. Griffel, James A. Lock

*Physics Faculty Publications*

Morphology-dependent resonances (MDR's) of polystyrene microspheres were excited by an optical fiber coupler. For optical elimination of the air-cladding interface at the optical fiber coupler surface, the microsphere was immersed in an index-matching oil. MDR's were observed, even though the relative refractive index between the microsphere and the oil was only 1.09. The observed MDR spectra are in good agreement with the generalized Lorenz-Mie theory and the localization principle. The scattering efficiency into each MDR is estimated as a function of the impact parameter by means of generalized Lorenz-Mie theory. (C) 1997 Optical Society of America.

Intersubband Lasing Lifetimes Of Sige/Si And Gaas/Algaas Multiple Quantum Well Structures, Greg Sun, L. Friedman, Richard A. Soref

#### Intersubband Lasing Lifetimes Of Sige/Si And Gaas/Algaas Multiple Quantum Well Structures, Greg Sun, L. Friedman, Richard A. Soref

*Physics Faculty Publications*

The feasibility of population inversion is studied for the SiGe/Si system and compared with that of GaAs/AlGaAs. Because of the absence of strong polar optical phonon scattering in SiGe/Si, the lifetime difference of the upper and lower lasing levels, to which the population inversion and laser gain are proportional, is consistently an order of magnitude larger than that of GaAs/AlGaAs; nor does it show the sudden drop to zero or negative values when the lasing energy exceeds the optical phonon energy. Both systems studied are superlattices, each period of which consists of three coupled quantum wells ...

Optical Pulse Compression In A Cholesteric Liquid Crystal, D. N. Ghosh Roy, D.V.G.L.N. Rao, H. Bronk

#### Optical Pulse Compression In A Cholesteric Liquid Crystal, D. N. Ghosh Roy, D.V.G.L.N. Rao, H. Bronk

*Physics Faculty Publications*

A 20‐ns laser pulse is compressed to nearly 2.5 ns in a 10‐cm‐long sample of liquid‐crystal cholesteryl oleate in the isotropic phase. Pulse compression in a length as short as only 5 cm has been observed. A semiquantitative explanation is given in terms of stimulated Brillouin scattering.