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Environmental Law

2013

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Articles 661 - 690 of 692

Full-Text Articles in Law

Getting Ahead Of The Curve: Supporting Adaptation To Long-Term Climate Change And Short-Term Climate Variability Alike, Alexis Saba, Michela Biasutti, Michael B. Gerrard, David B. Lobell Jan 2013

Getting Ahead Of The Curve: Supporting Adaptation To Long-Term Climate Change And Short-Term Climate Variability Alike, Alexis Saba, Michela Biasutti, Michael B. Gerrard, David B. Lobell

Faculty Scholarship

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has been meeting since 1995, and in recent years, it has increasingly focused on facilitating and funding climate change adaptation in developing countries. Other sources of financing, from multilateral development banks to bilateral and multilateral agreements among countries, are also providing resources for adaptation. Simultaneously, climate scientists around the world are updating their forecasts on the nature of future climate change. This article seeks to examine the scope of funding available for climate change adaptation and how climate change forecasts are used to plan for and evaluate climate change adaptation. We ...


Exploring Local Food System Practices And Perceptions: Insights From Florida's Snap-Authorized Farmers' Markets, Leslie Babiak Jan 2013

Exploring Local Food System Practices And Perceptions: Insights From Florida's Snap-Authorized Farmers' Markets, Leslie Babiak

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite heightened interest in creating local food systems that enhance health of ecologies, economies, and all members of communities, the public space of farmers' markets is far less than inherently equitable. This is particularly concerning given America's unprecedented crisis of food hardship and related disease, which disproportionately affects lower income populations. This research addresses the social justice implications of SNAP (food stamp) operations for locally oriented food systems. Pioneering practices of three of Florida's SNAP-authorized farmers' markets, and the attitudes and behaviors of one-hundred-seventy-six market patrons, were explored through customer surveys, market manager interviews, and environmental assessments. Qualitative ...


Connecting Pixels To People: Management Agents And Social-Ecological Determinants Of Changes To Street Tree Distributions, Shawn Landry Jan 2013

Connecting Pixels To People: Management Agents And Social-Ecological Determinants Of Changes To Street Tree Distributions, Shawn Landry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Street trees are an important component of the urban forest that can provide direct and indirect benefits to social and ecological sustainability in cities. Temporal and spatial interactions between human and non-human management agents determine the distribution and health of street tree populations in urban areas. This dissertation seeks to enhance our understanding of the spatial patterns and processes affecting street trees by investigating the agents and social-ecological determinants of changes to street tree distributions in urban residential neighborhoods. The research was guided by three primary questions: (1) Are recent changes to the spatial distribution of street trees influenced by ...


Avoiding Jeopardy, Without The Questions: Recovery Implementation Plans For Endangered Species In Western River Basins, Reed D. Benson Jan 2013

Avoiding Jeopardy, Without The Questions: Recovery Implementation Plans For Endangered Species In Western River Basins, Reed D. Benson

Faculty Scholarship

This article addresses Recovery Implementation Programs (RIPs) for endangered species in the context of four western river basins where the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (USBR) is a key water supplier and manager. Rather than focus in detail on any particular program, this article addresses these RIPs as a group, representing an alternative approach to Endangered Species Act (ESA) compliance that has taken root in the western water context. Part I of this article provides context, outlining federal and state roles regarding water resources in the West. Part II explains the requirements of the ESA, focusing on federal agency obligations ...


Sea Level Rise And Maritime Zones: Preserving The Maritime Entitlements Of ‘Disappearing’ States, Rosemary Rayfuse Dec 2012

Sea Level Rise And Maritime Zones: Preserving The Maritime Entitlements Of ‘Disappearing’ States, Rosemary Rayfuse

Rosemary Rayfuse

No abstract provided.


Protecting Property Through Politics: State Legislative Checks And Judicial Takings, Stephanie Stern Dec 2012

Protecting Property Through Politics: State Legislative Checks And Judicial Takings, Stephanie Stern

Stephanie M. Stern

No abstract provided.


War And The Environment: International Law And The Protection Of The Environment In Relation To Anned Conffict — Introduction To The Special Issue, Rosemary Rayfuse Dec 2012

War And The Environment: International Law And The Protection Of The Environment In Relation To Anned Conffict — Introduction To The Special Issue, Rosemary Rayfuse

Rosemary Rayfuse

No abstract provided.


Committee On Climate Change, Sustainable Development, And Ecosystems: 2012 Annual Report, John Dernbach Dec 2012

Committee On Climate Change, Sustainable Development, And Ecosystems: 2012 Annual Report, John Dernbach

John C. Dernbach

No abstract provided.


Seven Principles For Equitable Adaptation, Alice Kaswan Dec 2012

Seven Principles For Equitable Adaptation, Alice Kaswan

Alice Kaswan

Given the inevitability of serious climate impacts, climate change adaptation is becoming an urgent priority. Policy makers at the local, regional, state, and federal level are struggling to determine how to parlay existing authorities and develop new measures to avoid future calamity.

Successful adaptation will require not only attention to physical infrastructure, but to the underlying socioeconomic conditions that strongly determine the severity of climate impacts. Given the importance of underlying socioeconomic factors, this essay argues that equity should be a central feature of emerging domestic climate adaptation initiatives. It suggests seven principles for achieving equitable adaptation, principles designed to ...


A World Of Choices, David Wirth Dec 2012

A World Of Choices, David Wirth

David A. Wirth

In this keynote address, David Wirth identifies fundamental and dynamic attributes of globalisation, examines the need to confront institutional failures and systemic challenges of multilateral governance, and offers some preliminary observations on directions in which global governance might evolve to achieve salutary outcomes that are good for all.


Environmental Justice And Environmental Law, Alice Kaswan Dec 2012

Environmental Justice And Environmental Law, Alice Kaswan

Alice Kaswan

This essay, prepared for the Fordham Environmental Law Review’s 20th Anniversary edition marking key developments in environmental law, addresses the past and future of environmental justice. From a historical perspective, it analyzes the central features of the environmental justice movement, its strengths and weaknesses in influencing environmental law, and the systemic reasons why environmental justice has struggled for influence in environmental policy. Looking forward, the essay focuses on how the environmental justice movement can contribute to the future of environmental law. Amplifying the voices of many environmental justice scholars, it argues that the environmental justice movement and its sister ...


The Role Of Multilateral Environmental Agreements In Armed Conflict: ‘Green-Keeping’ In Virunga Park. Applying The Unesco World Heritage Convention In The Armed Conflict Of The Democratic Republic Of The Congo, Britta Sjöstedt Dec 2012

The Role Of Multilateral Environmental Agreements In Armed Conflict: ‘Green-Keeping’ In Virunga Park. Applying The Unesco World Heritage Convention In The Armed Conflict Of The Democratic Republic Of The Congo, Britta Sjöstedt

Britta Sjöstedt

This article analyses the application of the 1972 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Convention (the WHC) in the context of the armed conflicts that have taken place in the Virunga National Park (the Park), a natural world heritage site in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (the DRC). Instead of addressing wartime environmental damage under the law of armed conflict, this article seeks to establish how such damage can be addressed using multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs). MEAs often consist of general principles and vague obligations and their relevance or applicability during situations of armed conflict ...


Plant Variety Protection In Thailand: The Need For A New Coherent Framework, Pawarit Lertdhamtewe Dec 2012

Plant Variety Protection In Thailand: The Need For A New Coherent Framework, Pawarit Lertdhamtewe

Pawarit Lertdhamtewe

Thailand's plant protection regime, currently represented by the Plant Variety Protection Act (‘PVPA’), represents a sui generis plant protection system, which several developing nations use as a model to enact their plant protection laws. It is currently uncertain whether the PVPA serves the needs of all actors in agricultural management in Thailand; this uncertainty may dilute the benefits of Thailand's plant protection regime. In view of concerns regarding the adequacy of the legal framework for plant variety protection, this article argues that greater certainty must be provided to ensure the effective protection of plant varieties, the validity of ...


Using Sustainability Criteria In Law, Evgenia Pavlovskaia Dec 2012

Using Sustainability Criteria In Law, Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Evgenia Pavlovskaia

The purpose of the article is to raise interest for using sustainability criteria as a means to promote and safeguard sustainability for traded products and their production. The focus is put on how sustainability criteria can be efficiently used in legal constructions. Practical examples from the biofuel sector are provided.


Are We There Yet? A Legal Assessment And Review Of The Concept Of Sustainable Development Under International Law, Evgenia Pavlovskaia Dec 2012

Are We There Yet? A Legal Assessment And Review Of The Concept Of Sustainable Development Under International Law, Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Some of the most consistently utilized terms in international environmental law are “sustainable development” and “sustainability”. Sustainable development is mentioned in virtually every domestic, regional and international laws on environment, energy and natural resources. This has led to the contentions by some scholars that the concept of sustainable development has matured into customary international law, or at least has become a general principle of international environmental law. Many researchers, however, argue that the idea of sustainable development is vague, elusive and does not add much to the efficient implementation of international environmental law. This article aims to examine and discuss ...


Controlling The Fulfillment Of The Eu Sustainability Criteria For Transport Biofuels (On The Basis Of Directive 2009/28/Ec), Part I, Evgenia Pavlovskaia Dec 2012

Controlling The Fulfillment Of The Eu Sustainability Criteria For Transport Biofuels (On The Basis Of Directive 2009/28/Ec), Part I, Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Evgenia Pavlovskaia

The present article researches the mechanisms suggested for controlling the fulfillment of the EU sustainability criteria for transport biofuels that have been presented in the central legal framework in this area, which is Directive 2009/28/EC. The analysis is extended to the related EU policy documents of a non-binding explanatory and recommendatory character. Judging from the content of Directive 2009/28/EC, two main levels of the EU control can be distinguished. The first one is exercised by the EU internal bodies on how the sustainability criteria are fulfilled by the Member States. This level of control is primarily ...


The Difficult Problem Of Nonpoint Nutrient Pollution: Could The Endangered Species Act Offer Some Relief?, Zdravka Tzankova Dec 2012

The Difficult Problem Of Nonpoint Nutrient Pollution: Could The Endangered Species Act Offer Some Relief?, Zdravka Tzankova

Zdravka Tzankova

Nutrient pollution of rivers, streams, lakes, and estuaries is one of the preeminent water quality issues in the United States today, and poses a significant threat to the health of aquatic ecosystems. Agricultural nonpoint discharges, the runoff of nitrogen and phosphorous from animal manure and chemical fertilizers, are the primary sources of such nutrient pollution.

A pervasive and long-standing problem, nonpoint pollution, nutri- ent and otherwise, has proven to be one of the toughest challenges in contemporary environmental regulation. This situation is significantly attributable to the political and administrative dynamics of fragmented regulatory authority. The power to control such nonpoint ...


Plans Are Not Enough, Michael Lewyn Dec 2012

Plans Are Not Enough, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Some commentators see comprehensive municipal plans as a remedy for suburban sprawl. But in fact, a plan can be used to promote sprawl as well as to prevent sprawl.


Stasis And Change In Environmental Law, Gerald S. Dickinson Dec 2012

Stasis And Change In Environmental Law, Gerald S. Dickinson

Gerald S. Dickinson

The past twenty years of environmental law are marked as much by legislative stasis as by profound change in the way that lawyers, policymakers, and scholars interact with the field. Although no new federal legislation was passed over the past two decades, much has changed about the field of environmental law. This change is the result of a set of conceptual and legal challenges to the field posed by intellectual and policy movements that took root in the early 1990s. The intellectual and policy movements that have most profoundly shaped the field of environmental law in the past twenty years ...


Seqra And Infill, Michael Lewyn Dec 2012

Seqra And Infill, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

New York's State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQRA) is designed to protect the environment by requiring government to consider the harmful environmental impacts of its actions. However, SEQRA itself may create environmental harm by discouraging infill development.


Transcript Of The Federalist Society’S 2012 National Lawyers Convention: Environmental Law, Federalism, And The Energy Revolution: Can State And Federal Regulators Adapt To Innovations?, Jason B. Hutt, James R. May, Craig Segall, Joel R. Burcat, Timothy M. Tymkovich Dec 2012

Transcript Of The Federalist Society’S 2012 National Lawyers Convention: Environmental Law, Federalism, And The Energy Revolution: Can State And Federal Regulators Adapt To Innovations?, Jason B. Hutt, James R. May, Craig Segall, Joel R. Burcat, Timothy M. Tymkovich

James R. May

No abstract provided.


Using Sustainability Criteria For Biofuels In A Legal Context - An Analysis Based On The Eu Policy For Transport Biofuels, Evgenia Pavlovskaia Dec 2012

Using Sustainability Criteria For Biofuels In A Legal Context - An Analysis Based On The Eu Policy For Transport Biofuels, Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Sustainable quality of biofuels and their production methods should be seen as a part of the wider concept “sustainability”. Sustainability of biofuels should be measured in relation to resources and possibilities that the Earth can supply us with. This presentation focuses on sustainability criteria in their function to promote sustainability in a legal context, followed by the analysis of the binding EU regulations for transport biofuels as an example. Two main issues are examined: - the concept of sustainability criteria, special features of their use in law and aspects relevant for their practical implementation, and - the issue of control of how ...


Sustainability Of Transport Biofuels From A Legal Perspective, Evgenia Pavlovskaia Dec 2012

Sustainability Of Transport Biofuels From A Legal Perspective, Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Evgenia Pavlovskaia

The article investigates the notion of transport biofuels, their possible advantages and disadvantages in comparison to traditional fossil fuels, and sustainability requirements that need be stated to their quality and production methods from a legal perspective. The research results indicate that the understanding of what makes the quality and production of transport biofuels sustainable is still unclear. Sustainability parameters for biofuels will differ depending on the types and purposes of biofuel production. There is no clearly agreed definition on what biofuels, and particularly sustainable biofuels are. The task of law in this situation can be to contribute to the sustainable ...


Why (And How) Conservatives Should Support Smart Growth, Michael Lewyn Dec 2012

Why (And How) Conservatives Should Support Smart Growth, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Conservatives have generally been critical of the smart growth movement, because they often fear that smart growth is synonymous with overregulation of land use. This article explains why sprawl threatens conservative values, and suggests conservative-friendly smart growth policies that can both make government less intrusive and make America more walkable.


The Green Job Engine In Portugal, Kyle Herman Dec 2012

The Green Job Engine In Portugal, Kyle Herman

Dr. Kyle S. Herman

Renewable energy technology has come under fierce criticism around the world through the duration of the Global Financial Crisis. Opponents of a state-oriented renewable energy policy infer that the high cost of such technology has negative macroeconomic effects on the economy. This paper investigates the broader economic effects of renewable energy policy in Portugal. Research indicates the government has built cohesive renewable energy policy to foster a strong network of jobs and technologies in the industry. The Wind Energy Industrial Cluster, an innovation centre to drive wind energy technology, is an example of government policy which has fostered strong industrial ...


The Architecture Of Ignorance, Gregg Macey Dec 2012

The Architecture Of Ignorance, Gregg Macey

Gregg P. Macey

This Article develops an approach to environmental law that I refer to as “data-intensive regulation.” The origins of data-intensive regulation lie in the public’s ability to gather, for the first time, data at spatial and temporal scales of its choosing. This capability, and the knowledge-building efforts it supports, will eclipse the theoretical and computational procedures that guided environmental law’s enactment. As environmental law evolves from a data-starved to data-rich enterprise, pollution control and ecosystem management will need to respond in two ways, focusing less on data supply and more on the demands of data users and the data ...


Energy And Environment Policy Case For A Global Project, Thomas A. Faunce Dec 2012

Energy And Environment Policy Case For A Global Project, Thomas A. Faunce

Thomas A Faunce

A policy case is made for a global project on artificial photosynthesis including its scientific justification, potential governance structure and funding mechanisms.


Environmental Justice And International Environmental Law, Carmen G. Gonzalez Dec 2012

Environmental Justice And International Environmental Law, Carmen G. Gonzalez

Carmen G. Gonzalez

Environmental justice lies at the heart of many environmental disputes between the global North and the global South as well as grassroots environmental struggles within nations. However, the discourse of international environmental law is often ahistorical and technocratic. It neither educates the North about its inordinate contribution to global environmental problems nor provides an adequate response to the concerns of nations and communities disproportionately burdened by poverty and environmental degradation. This article examines some of the root causes of environmental injustice among and within nations from the colonial period to the present, and discusses several strategies that can be used ...


The Interest Convergence Of Education Reform And Economic Development: A Response To "The State Of Our Unions", Jonathan C. Augustine Dec 2012

The Interest Convergence Of Education Reform And Economic Development: A Response To "The State Of Our Unions", Jonathan C. Augustine

Jonathan C. Augustine

No abstract provided.


Environmental Justice In The Deep South: A Golden Anniversary Reflection On Stimulus And Change, Jonathan C. Augustine Dec 2012

Environmental Justice In The Deep South: A Golden Anniversary Reflection On Stimulus And Change, Jonathan C. Augustine

Jonathan C. Augustine

2013 marks the 50th anniversary of Letter From Birmingham Jail written by the late Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (“King”). After being arrested on Good Friday in Birmingham, Alabama, King wrote the famous letter as an indictment against the state of racial injustice in the Deep South. Indeed, for King, the American Civil Rights Movement (“the Movement”) was born in response to the legal system’s contradiction between ideals of law and justice and the reality of racial discrimination. In the fifty years since King wrote Letter From Birmingham Jail, much has changed in America. In addition to the ...