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Full-Text Articles in Law

Lead Poisoning In Children: A Proposed Legislative Solution To Municipal Liability For Furnishing Lead-Contaminated Water, Anthony J. Bellia Oct 2013

Lead Poisoning In Children: A Proposed Legislative Solution To Municipal Liability For Furnishing Lead-Contaminated Water, Anthony J. Bellia

Anthony J. Bellia

Lead poisoning has become one of the most widespread and serious environmental diseases facing children in the United States. In response to the problem of childhood lead exposure, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has promulgated expansive regulations to reduce drinking water lead levels. However, the regulations are not without significant gaps and shortfalls. Many improvements that the EPA requires need not be in place for years, and some households at risk of unsafe lead exposure receive no regulatory protection at all. One question that arises amidst these regulatory gaps is whether a plaintiff can hold a public water system liable ...


The Viability Of Citizens’ Suits Under The Clean Water Act After Gwaltney Of Smithfield V. Chesapeake Bay Foundation, Bevery Mcqueary Smith Oct 2013

The Viability Of Citizens’ Suits Under The Clean Water Act After Gwaltney Of Smithfield V. Chesapeake Bay Foundation, Bevery Mcqueary Smith

Beverly McQueary Smith

No abstract provided.


Environmental Protection Agency Consultations With Indian Tribes: An Intercultural Struggle Over Process Of 'Consent', Denise Scannell Jul 2013

Environmental Protection Agency Consultations With Indian Tribes: An Intercultural Struggle Over Process Of 'Consent', Denise Scannell

Publications and Research

On November 6, 2000, President Bill Clinton signed his final executive order on

Consultation and Coordination with Tribal Governments. It was his last attempt to establish meaningful consultation processes with American Indians in the development of federal environmental policies. Based on ongoing environmental issues between the two cultures and the rising concern for environmental justice, the United States government wanted to identify the necessary improvements in communication and coordination among tribal and federal environmental programs, specifically regarding issues of information exchange, and creating partnerships among stakeholders. An analysis of the executive order, and a case study of the U.S ...


An Act Of War: Finding A Meaning For What Congress Has Left Undefined, Desiree Gargano May 2013

An Act Of War: Finding A Meaning For What Congress Has Left Undefined, Desiree Gargano

Touro Law Review

There are often environmental concerns with any new construction project. One often unforeseen aspect of this is the liability that occurs after a building is destroyed. Property owners have generally faced strict liability for the release of hazardous waste under section 107 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. This Comment examines why the act of war defense has consistently failed and determines if the law places too high of a burden on property owners who assert this defense.


Judicial Independence In Administrative Adjudication: Indiana's Environmental Solution, Lori Kyle Endris, Wayne E. Penrod Apr 2013

Judicial Independence In Administrative Adjudication: Indiana's Environmental Solution, Lori Kyle Endris, Wayne E. Penrod

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Errata (Correction Notice), Holly Phillips Apr 2013

Errata (Correction Notice), Holly Phillips

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Massachusetts V. Environmental Protection Agency, Exploring The Merits Of Greenhouse Gas Regulation, Elise Korican Apr 2013

Massachusetts V. Environmental Protection Agency, Exploring The Merits Of Greenhouse Gas Regulation, Elise Korican

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

The purpose of this case note is to explore the Supreme Court's decision in Massachusetts v. EPA. Part II provides the historical background of global warming, related legislation, the enactment of the Clean Air Act and later amendments, as well as relevant case holdings as to judicial review of agency decisions and implementation of the Clean Air Act. Part III sets out the operative facts of the Massachusetts v. EPA case beginning with the initial rulemaking petition, through the decision of the district court of appeals, and describes the facts as presented to the Supreme Court. Part IV outlines ...


Administrative Decision-Making By Judges In The United States' Environmental Protection Agency Administrator's Civil Penalty Assessment Process: Whatever Happened To The Law?, Richard R. Wagner Apr 2013

Administrative Decision-Making By Judges In The United States' Environmental Protection Agency Administrator's Civil Penalty Assessment Process: Whatever Happened To The Law?, Richard R. Wagner

Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary

No abstract provided.


Permits For Puddles? The Constitutionality And Necessity Of Proposed Agency Guidance Clarifying Clean Water Act Jurisdiction, Jennifer L. Baader Apr 2013

Permits For Puddles? The Constitutionality And Necessity Of Proposed Agency Guidance Clarifying Clean Water Act Jurisdiction, Jennifer L. Baader

Chicago-Kent Law Review

The Clean Water Act, enacted and amended in the mid-20th century, was a significant development in the protection and restoration of the Nation’s waters. The Act authorized the Environmental Protection Agency and the Army Corps of Engineers to regulate the discharge of pollutants into many types of bodies of water. However, this wide-spread jurisdictional authority was challenged by the Supreme Court in two turn of the century cases which limited the application of the Act to certain waters. In 2011, a draft guidance document was released by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Army Corps of Engineers, which would ...


Negotiating Better Superfund Settlements: Prospects And Protocols, Scott A. Cassel Jan 2013

Negotiating Better Superfund Settlements: Prospects And Protocols, Scott A. Cassel

Pepperdine Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Clean Water Act And Evolving Due Process: The Emergence Of Contemporary Enforcement Procedures, Alexandria A. Polk Jan 2013

The Clean Water Act And Evolving Due Process: The Emergence Of Contemporary Enforcement Procedures, Alexandria A. Polk

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Restorative Justice To Supplement Deterrence-Based Punishment: An Empirical Study And Theoretical Reconceptualization Of The Epa's Power Plant Enforcement Initiative, 2000-2011, Michael L. Rustad, Thomas H. Koenig, Erica R. Ferreira Jan 2013

Restorative Justice To Supplement Deterrence-Based Punishment: An Empirical Study And Theoretical Reconceptualization Of The Epa's Power Plant Enforcement Initiative, 2000-2011, Michael L. Rustad, Thomas H. Koenig, Erica R. Ferreira

Oklahoma Law Review

From the late 1970s to the end of the 1990s, electricity producers modified and operated coal-fired power plants in violation of the Environment Protection Agency’s (EPA) permitting requirements, creating widespread air quality degradation. The EPA’s policy of lax oversight ended in 1999 when it launched a large, coordinated enforcement effort. The 2012 Republican presidential candidates all denounced this more vigilant EPA as engaging in economic terrorism through “sue and settle” tactics that amount to backdoor regulation. This article evaluates federal environmental enforcement, drawing upon objective data from our empirical study of EPA permitting violation settlements for coal-fired power ...


Administrative Proxies For Judicial Review: Building Legitimacy From The Inside-Out, David L. Markell, Emily Hammond Jan 2013

Administrative Proxies For Judicial Review: Building Legitimacy From The Inside-Out, David L. Markell, Emily Hammond

Scholarly Publications

Judicial review is considered an indispensable legitimizer of the administrative state. Not only is it a hallmark feature of the Administrative Procedure Act (“APA”), but the various standards of review reinforce democratic norms, promote accountability, and act as a check against arbitrariness. Unreviewable agency actions, therefore, must find their legitimacy elsewhere. This article evaluates the promise of “inside-out” legitimacy as an alternative or complement to judicial review. We theorize, based on insights from the administrative law and procedural justice literatures, that administrative process design can do much to advance legitimacy without the need to rely on judicial review to check ...


Toward A Sustainable Future: An Environmental Agenda For The Second Term Of The Obama Administration, David M. Uhlmann Jan 2013

Toward A Sustainable Future: An Environmental Agenda For The Second Term Of The Obama Administration, David M. Uhlmann

Other Publications

Much was at stake in the Presidential election of 2012, which was marked by heated debate over the trajectory of the economy, the expiration of the Bush tax cuts, and the fat of the President's health care plan. The candidates disagreed about nearly every issue from foreign policy and the war on terror to a woman's right to choose and same-sex marriage. Lost amid the din and never mentioned in the Presidential debates or most of the campaign speeches was another divisive topic: how our environmental laws and policies should address global climate change and chart a sustainable ...


Hydraulic Fracturing: Sources Of Law And Information, Barbara H. Garavaglia Jan 2013

Hydraulic Fracturing: Sources Of Law And Information, Barbara H. Garavaglia

Articles

Hydraulic fracturing—also known as fracking—has become increasingly controversial in the United States over the past several years, especially in states such as Michigan with large shale gas deposits that were previously unextractable. In 2012, a Michigan fracking ban initiative failed to make it onto the November statewide ballot, but citizens groups are presently collecting signatures in an attempt to get the initiative onto the November 2014 ballot as an “initiated state statute.” And, more recently, state auctions of drilling permits have been the scenes of citizen protests driven by concerns about the potential environmental impacts of hydraulic fracturing.