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2017

Materials Science and Engineering

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Articles 1 - 30 of 73

Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

The Processing And Polarization Reversal Dynamics Of Thin Film Poly(Vinylidene) Fluoride, Noel Mayur Dawson Dec 2017

The Processing And Polarization Reversal Dynamics Of Thin Film Poly(Vinylidene) Fluoride, Noel Mayur Dawson

Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs

Many ferroelectric devices benefit from the ability to deposit thin ferroelectric layers. Poly(vinylidene) fluoride (PVDF) is the prototypical ferroelectric polymer, but processing of thin film ferroelectric PVDF remains a challenge due to the formation of large voids in the film during traditional thin film processing. The research described in this dissertation starts by investigating the origin of these voids. The cause of these voids is found to be caused by vapor induced phase separation (VIPS). Guided by the thermodynamics of VIPS, a process is then designed to produce void-free ferroelectric PVDF thin films on polar and non-polar substrates. The ...


Diffusion Of Two-Dimensional Epitaxial Clusters On Metal (100) Surfaces: Facile Versus Nucleation-Mediated Behavior And Their Merging For Larger Sizes, King C. Lai, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans Dec 2017

Diffusion Of Two-Dimensional Epitaxial Clusters On Metal (100) Surfaces: Facile Versus Nucleation-Mediated Behavior And Their Merging For Larger Sizes, King C. Lai, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

For diffusion of two-dimensional homoepitaxial clusters of N atoms on metal (100) surfaces mediated by edge atom hopping, macroscale continuum theory suggests that the diffusion coefficient scales like DN∼N−β with β=3/2. However, we find quite different and diverse behavior in multiple size regimes. These include: (i) facile diffusion for small sizes N<9; (ii) slow nucleation-mediated diffusion with small β<1 for “perfect” sizes N=Np=L2 or L(L+1), for L=3,4, ... having unique ground-state shapes, for moderate sizes 9≤N≤O(102); the same also applies for N=Np+3, Np+4, ...(iii) facile diffusion but with large β>2 for N=Np+1 and Np+2 also for moderate sizes 9≤N≤O(102); (iv) merging of the above distinct branches and subsequent anomalous scaling with 1≲β<3/2, reflecting the quasifacetted structure of clusters, for larger N=O(102) to N=O(103); (v) classic scaling with β=3/2 for very large N=O(103) and above. The specified size ranges apply for typical model parameters. We focus on the moderate size regime where we show that diffusivity cycles quasiperiodically from the slowest branch for Np+3 (not Np) to the fastest branch for Np+1. Behavior is quantified by kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of an appropriate stochastic lattice-gas model. However, precise analysis must account for a strong enhancement of diffusivity for short time increments due to back correlation in the cluster motion. Further understanding of this enhancement, of anomalous size scaling behavior, and of the merging of various branches, is facilitated by combinatorial analysis of the number of the ground-state and low-lying excited state cluster configurations, and also of kink populations.


Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed Dec 2017

Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The fast diminishing of fossil fuels in the near future, as well as the global warming caused by increasing greenhouse gases have motivated the urgent quest to develop advanced materials as cost-effective photoanodes for solar light harvesting and many other photocatalytic applications. Recently, titania nanotube arrays (TNTAs) fabricated by anodization process has attracted great interest due to their excellent properties such as: high surface area, vertically oriented, highly organized, one-dimensional, nanotubular structure, photoactivity, chemical stability and biocompatibility. This unique combination of excellent properties makes TNTAs an excellent photoanode for solar light harvesting. However, the relatively wide band gap energy of ...


Calcination Does Not Remove All Carbon From Colloidal Nanocrystal Assemblies, Pratyasha Mohapatra, Santosh Shaw, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Jonathan M. Bobbitt, Tiago F. Silva, Fabian Naab, Bin Yuan, Xinchun Tian, Emily A. Smith, Ludovico Cademartiri Dec 2017

Calcination Does Not Remove All Carbon From Colloidal Nanocrystal Assemblies, Pratyasha Mohapatra, Santosh Shaw, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Jonathan M. Bobbitt, Tiago F. Silva, Fabian Naab, Bin Yuan, Xinchun Tian, Emily A. Smith, Ludovico Cademartiri

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Removing organics from hybrid nanostructures is a crucial step in many bottom-up materials fabrication approaches. It is usually assumed that calcination is an effective solution to this problem, especially for thin films. This assumption has led to its application in thousands of papers. We here show that this general assumption is incorrect by using a relevant and highly controlled model system consisting of thin films of ligand-capped ZrO2 nanocrystals. After calcination at 800 °C for 12 h, while Raman spectroscopy fails to detect the ligands after calcination, elastic backscattering spectrometry characterization demonstrates that ~18% of the original carbon atoms are ...


Cellulose Nanofiber-Reinforced Impact Modified Polypropylene: Assessing Material Properties From Fused Layer Modeling And Injection Molding Processing, Jordan Elliott Sanders Dec 2017

Cellulose Nanofiber-Reinforced Impact Modified Polypropylene: Assessing Material Properties From Fused Layer Modeling And Injection Molding Processing, Jordan Elliott Sanders

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to investigate the use of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) compounded into an impact modified polypropylene (IMPP) matrix. A IMPP was used because it shrinks less than a PP homopolymer during FLM processing. An assessment of material properties from fused layer modeling (FLM), an additive manufacturing (AM) method, and injection molding (IM) was conducted. Results showed that material property measurements in neat PP were statistically similar between IM and FLM for density, strain at yield and flexural stiffness. Additionally, PP plus the coupling agent maleic anhydride (MA) showed statistically similar results in comparison of IM and ...


Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock Dec 2017

Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this thesis, complex anisotropic materials are investigated and characterized by generalized ellipsometry. In recent years, anisotropic materials have gained considerable interest for novel applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices, mostly due to unique properties that originate from reduced crystal symmetry. Examples include white solid-state lighting devices which have become ubiquitous just recently, and the emergence of high-power, high-voltage electronic transistors and switches in all-electric vehicles. The incorporation of single crystalline material with low crystal symmetry into novel device structures requires reconsideration of existing optical characterization approaches. Here, the generalized ellipsometry concept is extended to include applications for materials with ...


Structural And Elastic Properties Of Degenerate Sno Monolayers At Finite Temperature, Afsana Sharmin Dec 2017

Structural And Elastic Properties Of Degenerate Sno Monolayers At Finite Temperature, Afsana Sharmin

Theses and Dissertations

Chalcogen-based layered superconductors with a litharge structure such as FeS and FeSe mono-layers undergo structural and superconducting phase transitions that are tunable by doping. Representing another material platform with a litharge structure but without valence d-electrons, SnO monolayers also display a structural ground state with a degenerate rectangular unit cell at zero temperature and a charge-tunable energy barrier that leads to a thermally-controllable structural phase change. Doped SnO monolayers with rectangular degenerate unit cells give rise to two-dimensional multiferroicity. Their two-dimensional elastic energy landscape adopts a basic analytic expression that is employed to discuss this structural transition. The results contained ...


Transport Of Water And Ions Through Single-Walled Armchair Carbon Nanotubes: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Michelle Patricia Aranha Dec 2017

Transport Of Water And Ions Through Single-Walled Armchair Carbon Nanotubes: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Michelle Patricia Aranha

Doctoral Dissertations

The narrow hydrophobic interior of a carbon nanotube (CNT) poses a barrier to the transport of water and ions, and yet, unexpectedly, numerous experimental and simulation studies have confirmed fast water transport rates comparable to those seen in biological aquaporin channels. These outstanding features of high water permeability and high solute rejection of even dissolved ions that would typically require a lot of energy for separation in commercial processes makes carbon nanotubes an exciting candidate for desalination membranes. Extending ion exclusion beyond simple mechanical sieving by the inclusion of electrostatics via added functionality to the nanotube bears promise to not ...


Vertically-Aligned Mn(Oh)2 Nanosheet Films For Flexible All-Solid-State Electrochemical Supercapacitors, Ziyuan Yang, Jiangfeng Gong, Chunmei Tang, Weihua Zhu, Zhaojun Cheng, Jinghua Jiang, Aibin Ma, Qingping Ding Dec 2017

Vertically-Aligned Mn(Oh)2 Nanosheet Films For Flexible All-Solid-State Electrochemical Supercapacitors, Ziyuan Yang, Jiangfeng Gong, Chunmei Tang, Weihua Zhu, Zhaojun Cheng, Jinghua Jiang, Aibin Ma, Qingping Ding

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The arrangement of the electrode materials is a significant contributor for constructing high performance supercapacitor. Here, vertically-aligned Mn(OH)2 nanosheet thin films were synthesized by cathodic electrodeposition technique on flexible Au coated polyethylene terephthalate substrates. Morphologies, microstructures, chemical compositions and valence state of the nanosheet films were characterized systematically. It shows that the nanosheets arranged vertically to the substrate, forming a porous nanowall structures and creating large open framework, which greatly facilitate the adsorption or diffusion of electrolyte ions for faradaic redox reaction. Electrochemical tests of the films show the specific capacitance as high as 240.2 F g ...


Optical Absorption Properties Of Ge2–44 And P-Doped Ge Nanoparticles, Wei Qin, Wen-Cai Lu, Li-Zhen Zhao, Kai-Ming Ho, Cai-Zhuang Wang Dec 2017

Optical Absorption Properties Of Ge2–44 And P-Doped Ge Nanoparticles, Wei Qin, Wen-Cai Lu, Li-Zhen Zhao, Kai-Ming Ho, Cai-Zhuang Wang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The optical absorption properties of non-crystalline and crystalline Ge nanoparticles with the sizes from ∼2.5 to 15 Å have been studied at the B3LYP/6-31G level using time-dependent density functional theory. Hydrogen passivation and phosphorus doping on some selected Ge nanoparticles were also calculated. With the increase of cluster size, the optical absorption spectra of the non-crystalline Ge nanoparticles change from many peaks to a continuous broad band and at the same time exhibit a systematic red-shift. Doping phosphorus also causes the absorption spectra to shift toward the lower energy region for both non-crystalline and crystalline Ge nanoparticles. The ...


Block Copolymer Nanostructures For Inorganic Oxide Nanopatterning, Krishna Pandey Dec 2017

Block Copolymer Nanostructures For Inorganic Oxide Nanopatterning, Krishna Pandey

MSU Graduate Theses

Self-assembled nature of block copolymer (BCP) makes them ideal for emerging technologies in nanometer scale. The micro phase separation between two or more dissimilar polymer blocks of BCP leads to uniform periodic nanostructures of different domains of dimension in the range of 5-100 nm, good for the development of emerging microelectronic and optoelectronics devices. Molecular weight and chain architecture of each blocks govern the morphology evolution; gives different structure like spherical, micelles, lamellae, cylindrical, gyroid etc. The morphology evolution of BCP nanostructure also depends on different external factors as well. In the first work of this thesis, three external factors ...


Communication: Diverse Nanoscale Cluster Dynamics: Diffusion Of 2d Epitaxial Clusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu Nov 2017

Communication: Diverse Nanoscale Cluster Dynamics: Diffusion Of 2d Epitaxial Clusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The dynamics of nanoscale clusters can be distinct from macroscale behavior described by continuum formalisms. For diffusion of 2D clusters of N atoms in homoepitaxial systems mediated by edge atom hopping, macroscale theory predicts simple monotonic size scaling of the diffusion coefficient, DN ∼ N−β, with β = 3/2. However, modeling for nanoclusters on metal(100) surfaces reveals that slow nucleation-mediated diffusion displaying weak size scaling β < 1 occurs for “perfect” sizes Np = L2 and L(L+1) for integer L = 3,4,… (with unique square or near-square ground state shapes), and also for Np+3, Np+4,…. In contrast, fast facile nucleation-free diffusion displaying strong size scaling β ≈ 2.5 occurs for sizes Np+1 and Np+2. DN versus N oscillates strongly between the slowest branch (for Np+3) and the fastest branch (for Np+1). All branches merge for N = O(102), but macroscale behavior is only achieved for much larger N = O(103). This analysis reveals the unprecedented diversity of behavior on the nanoscale.


Synthesis Of Graphene And Graphene-Based Composite Membrane, Yuanjun Fan Nov 2017

Synthesis Of Graphene And Graphene-Based Composite Membrane, Yuanjun Fan

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Vibration membrane equipped for earphone requires high performance in both mechanical properties and electronic properties. With extraordinary properties on both, graphene and graphene-based composite materials appear as a promising candidate for this application. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is believed to be the most convenient way to synthesize a large area (on scale of square centimeters) as well as a homogeneous thickness for the membrane. The thesis focuses on applying control variable experiment method to analyze different effects on mechanical property of the two CVD setting parameters: cooling rate, and hydrocarbon precursor. For isolating the specimens efficiently, a modified electrochemical method ...


S41598-017-16744-0.Pdf, Zlatan Aksamija Nov 2017

S41598-017-16744-0.Pdf, Zlatan Aksamija

Zlatan Aksamija

No abstract provided.


Investigating Scalable Manufacturing Of High-Conductivity Wires And Coatings From Ultra-Long Carbon Nanotubes, Pouria Khanbolouki Nov 2017

Investigating Scalable Manufacturing Of High-Conductivity Wires And Coatings From Ultra-Long Carbon Nanotubes, Pouria Khanbolouki

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising candidate for next generation of electrical wirings and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials due to their exceptional mechanical and electrical properties. Wires and coatings from ultralong nanotubes that are highly crystalline, well-aligned and densely packed can achieve this goal. High-performance CNT conductors will be relatively lightweight and resistant to harsh conditions and therefore can potentially replace current conductors in many industries including aerospace, automotive, gas and oil.

This thesis investigates a new manufacturing approach, based on conventional solution coating and wire drawing methods, to fabricate high conductivity wires and coatings from ultra-long carbon nanotubes ...


Capping Ligand Vortices As “Atomic Orbitals” In Nanocrystal Self-Assembly, Curt Waltmann, Nathan Horst, Alex Travesset Oct 2017

Capping Ligand Vortices As “Atomic Orbitals” In Nanocrystal Self-Assembly, Curt Waltmann, Nathan Horst, Alex Travesset

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We present a detailed analysis of the interaction between two nanocrystals capped with ligands consisting of hydrocarbon chains by united atom molecular dynamics simulations. We show that the bonding of two nanocrystals is characterized by ligand textures in the form of vortices. These results are generalized to nanocrystals of different types (differing core and ligand sizes) where the structure of the vortices depends on the softness asymmetry. We provide rigorous calculations for the binding free energy, show that these energies are independent of the chemical composition of the cores, and derive analytical formulas for the equilibrium separation. We discuss the ...


Development Of Nanomaterials For Lithium-Ion Batteries By Atomic Layer Deposition, Biqiong Wang Oct 2017

Development Of Nanomaterials For Lithium-Ion Batteries By Atomic Layer Deposition, Biqiong Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) have been the dominant candidate in the field of energy storage. The ever-growing demand of high energy and power density, longer battery life, and more assured safety level has geared the development of LIBs towards all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs). The solid-state nature allows more flexibility in battery design and higher area capacity to be obtained within limited space. Moreover, replacing liquid electrolytes with solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) is a most effective approach to achieve safer battery system. In addition, ASSBs hold great promise in the actual fabrication of microbatteries for microelectronics. Therefore, a technique which can synthesize materials ...


Advanced Materials For Lithium Ion Batteries:Surface And Interface Chemistry, Yulong Liu Oct 2017

Advanced Materials For Lithium Ion Batteries:Surface And Interface Chemistry, Yulong Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) are the indispensable energy storage devices in our modern society. LiFePO4, as one of the most promising cathode, are widely used in LIBs. However, impurity phases are formed in LiFePO4 during carbon coating process due to the intrinsic strong reducing atmosphere. Herein, as the first part of my work, interface chemistry of carbon coating on LiFePO4 are symmetrically investigated by advanced characterization techniques. Two distinct secondary phases are formed during carbon coating process at different condition. Moreover, secondary phase formation is controllable by changing the particle size of LiFePO4, annealing temperature, and ...


Interfacial Self-Assembly Of Polyelectrolyte-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Honghu Zhang, Srikanth Nayak, Wenjie Wang, Surya K Mallapragada, David Vaknin Oct 2017

Interfacial Self-Assembly Of Polyelectrolyte-Capped Gold Nanoparticles, Honghu Zhang, Srikanth Nayak, Wenjie Wang, Surya K Mallapragada, David Vaknin

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We report on pH- and salt-responsive assembly of nanoparticles capped with polyelectrolytes at vapor–liquid interfaces. Two types of alkylthiol-terminated poly(acrylic acid) (PAAs, varying in length) are synthesized and used to functionalize gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to mimic similar assembly effects of single-stranded DNA-capped AuNPs using synthetic polyelectrolytes. Using surface-sensitive X-ray scattering techniques, including grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) and X-ray reflectivity (XRR), we demonstrate that PAA-AuNPs spontaneously migrate to the vapor–liquid interfaces and form Gibbs monolayers by decreasing the pH of the suspension. The Gibbs monoalyers show chainlike structures of monoparticle thickness. The pH-induced self-assembly is attributed ...


Development Of High-Performance Carbon And Phosphorus Anode Materials For Sodium-Ion Batteries, Wei Xiao Oct 2017

Development Of High-Performance Carbon And Phosphorus Anode Materials For Sodium-Ion Batteries, Wei Xiao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries, as dominant power sources for prevailing consumer electronics and electric vehicles, have been plagued by limited lithium resources with the soaring prices. Sodium-ion batteries, benefitted from ubiquitous and inexpensive sodium resources without toxicity and pollution, have emerged as promising alternatives for large-scale applications. Considering their kinetic challenges and disadvantageous energy densities, it is urgently necessary to pursue high-performance electrode materials to remedy these intrinsic defects. For anode materials, the primary choices of sodium metal and graphite are correspondingly denied for safety issues and intercalation incapability. Therefore, the objective for this doctoral work is to develop high-performance anode ...


Deformation Processed Al/Al2ca Nano-Filamentary Composite Conductors, Charles F. Czahor, Trevor Riedemann, Alan M. Russell, Iver E. Anderson Oct 2017

Deformation Processed Al/Al2ca Nano-Filamentary Composite Conductors, Charles F. Czahor, Trevor Riedemann, Alan M. Russell, Iver E. Anderson

Materials Science and Engineering Publications

A 48% increase in worldwide energy demand is expected by 2040, which will require expansion of electrical power transmission infrastructure. 1 Expanded long-distance transmission grids in China, the United States, and elsewhere are expected to make greater use of high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission, the preferred technology for long distances.2 Conventional aluminum- conductor steel-reinforced (ACSR) cables are not well suited for HVDC transmission due to the presence of the heavy, poorly conducting steel core needed for strength and sag-resistance. Al/Ca composite conductors with monolithic construction produced by powder metallurgy and deformation processing have shown promise as a possible ...


Nanowire-Based Light-Emitting Diodes: A New Path Towards High-Speed Visible Light Communication, Mohsen Nami Sep 2017

Nanowire-Based Light-Emitting Diodes: A New Path Towards High-Speed Visible Light Communication, Mohsen Nami

Physics & Astronomy ETDs

Nano-scale optoelectronic devices have gained significant attention in recent years. Among these devices are semiconductor nanowires, whose dimeters range from 100 to 200 nm. Semiconductor nanowires can be utilized in many different applications including light-emitting diodes and laser diodes. Higher surface to volume ratio makes nanowire-based structures potential candidates for the next generation of photodetectors, sensors, and solar cells. Core-shell light-emitting diodes based on selective-area growth of gallium nitride (GaN) nanowires provide a wide range of advantages. Among these advantages are access to non-polar m-plane sidewalls, higher active region area compared to conventional planar structures, and reduction of threading ...


Two Dimensional Layered Materials And Heterostructures, A Surface Science Investigation And Characterization, Yujing Ma Sep 2017

Two Dimensional Layered Materials And Heterostructures, A Surface Science Investigation And Characterization, Yujing Ma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The isolation of single layers of van der Waals materials has shown that their properties can be significantly different compared to their bulk counterparts. These observations, illustrates the importance of interface interactions for determining the materials properties even in weakly interacting materials and raise the question if materials properties of single layer van der Waals materials can be controlled by appropriate hetero-interfaces. To study interface effects in monolayer systems, surface science techniques, such as photoemission spectroscopy and scanning probe microscopy/spectroscopy, are ideally suited. However, before these characterization methods can be employed, approaches for the synthesis of hetero-van der Waals ...


Cobalt-Doped Ceria/Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite As An Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalyst And Supercapacitor Material, Shaikh Parwaiz, Kousik Bhunia, Ashok Kumar Das, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, Debabrata Pradhan Aug 2017

Cobalt-Doped Ceria/Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanocomposite As An Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalyst And Supercapacitor Material, Shaikh Parwaiz, Kousik Bhunia, Ashok Kumar Das, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, Debabrata Pradhan

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

 Design and development of highly active and durable oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst to replace Pt- and Pt-based materials are present challenges in fuel cell research including direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC). The methanol crossover and its subsequent oxidation at the cathode is another unwanted issue that reduces the efficiency of DMFC. Herein we report cobalt-doped ceria (Co-CeO2) as a promising electrocatalyst with competent ORR kinetics mainly through a four-electron reduction pathway, and it surpasses Pt/C by a great margin in terms of stability and methanol tolerance. The Co-CeO2 nanoparticles of diameter 4–7 nm were uniformly ...


Interplay Of Quantum Size Effect, Anisotropy And Surface Stress Shapes The Instability Of Thin Metal Films, Mikhail Khenner Aug 2017

Interplay Of Quantum Size Effect, Anisotropy And Surface Stress Shapes The Instability Of Thin Metal Films, Mikhail Khenner

Mathematics Faculty Publications

Morphological instability of a planar surface ([111], [011], or [001]) of an ultra-thin metal film is studied in a parameter space formed by three major effects (the quantum size effect, the surface energy anisotropy and the surface stress) that influence a film dewetting. The analysis is based on the extended Mullins equation, where the effects are cast as functions of the film thickness. The formulation of the quantum size effect (Z. Zhang et al., PRL 80, 5381 (1998)) includes the oscillation of the surface energy with thickness caused by electrons confinement. By systematically comparing the effects, their contributions into the ...


Interplay Of Quantum Size Effect, Anisotropy And Surface Stress Shapes The Instability Of Thin Metal Films, Mikhail Khenner Aug 2017

Interplay Of Quantum Size Effect, Anisotropy And Surface Stress Shapes The Instability Of Thin Metal Films, Mikhail Khenner

Mikhail Khenner

Morphological instability of a planar surface ([111], [011], or [001]) of an ultra-thin metal film is studied in a parameter space formed by three major effects (the quantum size effect, the surface energy anisotropy and the surface stress) that influence a film dewetting. The analysis is based on the extended Mullins equation, where the effects are cast as functions of the film thickness. The formulation of the quantum size effect (Z. Zhang et al., PRL 80, 5381 (1998)) includes the oscillation of the surface energy with thickness caused by electrons confinement. By systematically comparing the effects, their contributions into the ...


Irradiation-Induced Nanocluster Evolution, Didier Ishimwe, Matthew J. Swenson, Janelle P. Wharry Aug 2017

Irradiation-Induced Nanocluster Evolution, Didier Ishimwe, Matthew J. Swenson, Janelle P. Wharry

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Oxide dispersion strengthened steel (ODS) and commercial ferritic-martensitic (F-M) alloys are widely accepted candidate structural materials for designing advanced nuclear reactors. Nanoclusters embedded in the steel matrix are key microstructural features of both alloy types. Irradiation from nuclear fusion and fission affects the morphology of these nanoparticles, altering the performance of the alloys and potentially decreasing their usable lifetime. Thus, it is important to understand the effect of irradiation on these nanoparticles in order to predict long-term nuclear reactor performance. It was found that the evolution of nanoclusters in each material is different depending on the experimental irradiation parameters. The ...


Atomistic Simulations Of Novel Nanoscale Semiconductor Devices: Resistance Switches And Two-Dimensional Transistors, Joseph P. Anderson, Mahbubul Islam, David Guzman, Alejandro Strachan Aug 2017

Atomistic Simulations Of Novel Nanoscale Semiconductor Devices: Resistance Switches And Two-Dimensional Transistors, Joseph P. Anderson, Mahbubul Islam, David Guzman, Alejandro Strachan

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

As transistors get smaller, we are achieving record levels of memory density. However, there is a limit to how small transistors can be made before their functionality breaks down. Thus alternatives to traditional transistor technology are needed. The two such technologies we examined are: resistance switching devices, which reversibly grow metal filaments through a dielectric, and two-dimensional transistors, which are capable of breaking through the scalability limit of traditional transistors. In order to design resistance switching devices which create filaments with some level of consistency, the dynamics of the filament formation need to be explored. Herein we model this process ...


Deformation Behavior Of Al/A-Si Core-Shell Nanostructures, Robert Andrew Fleming Aug 2017

Deformation Behavior Of Al/A-Si Core-Shell Nanostructures, Robert Andrew Fleming

Theses and Dissertations

Al/a-Si core-shell nanostructures (CSNs), consisting of a hemispherical Al core surrounded by a hard shell of a-Si, have been shown to display unusual mechanical behavior in response to compression loading. Most notably, these nanostructures exhibit substantial deformation recovery, even when loaded much beyond the elastic limit. Nanoindentation measurements revealed a unique mechanical response characterized by discontinuous signatures in the load-displacement data. In conjunction with the indentation signatures, nearly complete deformation recovery is observed. This behavior is attributed to dislocation nucleation and annihilation events enabled by the 3-dimensional confinement of the Al core. As the core confinement is reduced, either ...


Advanced Purification And Direct-Write 3d Nanoprinting Via Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition, Brett Bloxton Lewis Aug 2017

Advanced Purification And Direct-Write 3d Nanoprinting Via Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition, Brett Bloxton Lewis

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation addresses three difficulties with focused electron beam induced deposition preventing broader application; purity, spatial control, and mechanical characterization.

Focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID) has many advantages as a nanoscale fabrication tool. It is compatible for implementation into current lithographic techniques and has the potential to direct-write in a single step nanostructures of a high degree of complexity. FEBID is a very versatile tool capable of fabricating structures of many different compositions ranging from insulating oxides to conducting metals.

Due to the complexity of the technique and the difficulty in directly measuring many important variables, FEBID has remained ...