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2017

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Full-Text Articles in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Femtosecond Laser Micromachining Of Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic And Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Printed Circuit Boards Materials, Raif Farkouh Dec 2017

Femtosecond Laser Micromachining Of Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic And Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Printed Circuit Boards Materials, Raif Farkouh

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Low-temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC), and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) printed circuit boards (PCBs) are two materials used for the packaging of electronics. The excellent mechanical and electrical properties of LTCC, combined with the ability to embed passive components offer superior radio frequency (RF) performance and device miniaturization for high-frequency applications. Due to its unique properties, LTCC provides superior performance in applications as diverse as military radar, imaging systems, advanced automotive sensing, telecommunications, and satellites. The use of LTCC in these applications has created a demand for the micromachining of holes, channels, and cavities with specific geometries and structures. Likewise ...


Three-Dimensional Nanomaterials For Supercapacitor Applications: From Metal Oxides To Metal Phosphides, Zhi Zheng Dec 2017

Three-Dimensional Nanomaterials For Supercapacitor Applications: From Metal Oxides To Metal Phosphides, Zhi Zheng

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Over the past few years, energy storage devices have received tremendous interest due to the increasing demand for sustainable and renewable energy in modern society. Supercapacitors are considered as one of the most promising energy storage devices because of their high power density and long cycle life. However, low energy density remains as the main shortcoming for supercapacitors. The overall performance of supercapacitors is predominantly determined by the characteristics of the electrodes. Specifically, constructing nanostructured electrode material has been proven as an efficient way to improve the performance by providing large surface area and short ionic and electronic diffusion paths ...


The Processing And Polarization Reversal Dynamics Of Thin Film Poly(Vinylidene) Fluoride, Noel Mayur Dawson Dec 2017

The Processing And Polarization Reversal Dynamics Of Thin Film Poly(Vinylidene) Fluoride, Noel Mayur Dawson

Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs

Many ferroelectric devices benefit from the ability to deposit thin ferroelectric layers. Poly(vinylidene) fluoride (PVDF) is the prototypical ferroelectric polymer, but processing of thin film ferroelectric PVDF remains a challenge due to the formation of large voids in the film during traditional thin film processing. The research described in this dissertation starts by investigating the origin of these voids. The cause of these voids is found to be caused by vapor induced phase separation (VIPS). Guided by the thermodynamics of VIPS, a process is then designed to produce void-free ferroelectric PVDF thin films on polar and non-polar substrates. The ...


Diffusion Of Two-Dimensional Epitaxial Clusters On Metal (100) Surfaces: Facile Versus Nucleation-Mediated Behavior And Their Merging For Larger Sizes, King C. Lai, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans Dec 2017

Diffusion Of Two-Dimensional Epitaxial Clusters On Metal (100) Surfaces: Facile Versus Nucleation-Mediated Behavior And Their Merging For Larger Sizes, King C. Lai, Da-Jiang Liu, James W. Evans

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

For diffusion of two-dimensional homoepitaxial clusters of N atoms on metal (100) surfaces mediated by edge atom hopping, macroscale continuum theory suggests that the diffusion coefficient scales like DN∼N−β with β=3/2. However, we find quite different and diverse behavior in multiple size regimes. These include: (i) facile diffusion for small sizes N<9; (ii) slow nucleation-mediated diffusion with small β<1 for “perfect” sizes N=Np=L2 or L(L+1), for L=3,4, ... having unique ground-state shapes, for moderate sizes 9≤N≤O(102); the same also applies for N=Np+3, Np+4, ...(iii) facile diffusion but with large β>2 for N=Np+1 and Np+2 also for moderate sizes 9≤N≤O(102); (iv) merging of the above distinct branches and subsequent anomalous scaling with 1≲β<3/2, reflecting the quasifacetted structure of clusters, for larger N=O(102) to N=O(103); (v) classic scaling with β=3/2 for very large N=O(103) and above. The specified size ranges apply for typical model parameters. We focus on the moderate size regime where we show that diffusivity cycles quasiperiodically from the slowest branch for Np+3 (not Np) to the fastest branch for Np+1. Behavior is quantified by kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of an appropriate stochastic lattice-gas model. However, precise analysis must account for a strong enhancement of diffusivity for short time increments due to back correlation in the cluster motion. Further understanding of this enhancement, of anomalous size scaling behavior, and of the merging of various branches, is facilitated by combinatorial analysis of the number of the ground-state and low-lying excited state cluster configurations, and also of kink populations.


Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed Dec 2017

Fabrication And Modification Of Titania Nanotube Arrays For Harvesting Solar Energy And Drug Delivery Applications, Ahmed El Ruby Abdel Rahman Mohamed

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The fast diminishing of fossil fuels in the near future, as well as the global warming caused by increasing greenhouse gases have motivated the urgent quest to develop advanced materials as cost-effective photoanodes for solar light harvesting and many other photocatalytic applications. Recently, titania nanotube arrays (TNTAs) fabricated by anodization process has attracted great interest due to their excellent properties such as: high surface area, vertically oriented, highly organized, one-dimensional, nanotubular structure, photoactivity, chemical stability and biocompatibility. This unique combination of excellent properties makes TNTAs an excellent photoanode for solar light harvesting. However, the relatively wide band gap energy of ...


Ionic Depletion At The Crystalline Gibbs Layer Of Peg-Capped Gold Nanoparticle Brushes At Aqueous Surfaces, Wenjie Wang, Honghu Zhang, Surya Mallapragada, Alex Travesset, David Vaknin Dec 2017

Ionic Depletion At The Crystalline Gibbs Layer Of Peg-Capped Gold Nanoparticle Brushes At Aqueous Surfaces, Wenjie Wang, Honghu Zhang, Surya Mallapragada, Alex Travesset, David Vaknin

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

In situ surface-sensitive x-ray diffraction and grazing incidence x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (GIXFS) methods are combined to determine the ionic distributions across the liquid/vapor interfaces of thiolated-polyethylene-glycol–capped gold nanoparticle (PEG-AuNP) solutions. Induced by the addition of salts (i.e., Cs2SO4) to PEG-AuNPs solutions, two-dimensional hexagonal lattices of PEG-AuNPs form spontaneously at the aqueous surfaces, as is demonstrated by x-ray reflectivity and grazing incidence small-angle x-ray scattering. By taking advantage of element specificity with the GIXFS method, we find that the cation Cs+ concentration at the crystalline film is significantly reduced in parts of the PEG-AuNP film compared with that ...


Calcination Does Not Remove All Carbon From Colloidal Nanocrystal Assemblies, Pratyasha Mohapatra, Santosh Shaw, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Jonathan M. Bobbitt, Tiago F. Silva, Fabian Naab, Bin Yuan, Xinchun Tian, Emily A. Smith, Ludovico Cademartiri Dec 2017

Calcination Does Not Remove All Carbon From Colloidal Nanocrystal Assemblies, Pratyasha Mohapatra, Santosh Shaw, Deyny Mendivelso-Perez, Jonathan M. Bobbitt, Tiago F. Silva, Fabian Naab, Bin Yuan, Xinchun Tian, Emily A. Smith, Ludovico Cademartiri

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Removing organics from hybrid nanostructures is a crucial step in many bottom-up materials fabrication approaches. It is usually assumed that calcination is an effective solution to this problem, especially for thin films. This assumption has led to its application in thousands of papers. We here show that this general assumption is incorrect by using a relevant and highly controlled model system consisting of thin films of ligand-capped ZrO2 nanocrystals. After calcination at 800 °C for 12 h, while Raman spectroscopy fails to detect the ligands after calcination, elastic backscattering spectrometry characterization demonstrates that ~18% of the original carbon atoms are ...


Synergistic Interactions Of H2 And N2 With Molten Gallium In The Presence Of Plasma, Maria L. Carreon, Daniel F. Jaramillo-Cabanzo, Indira Chaudhuri, Madhu Menon, Mahendra K. Sunkara Dec 2017

Synergistic Interactions Of H2 And N2 With Molten Gallium In The Presence Of Plasma, Maria L. Carreon, Daniel F. Jaramillo-Cabanzo, Indira Chaudhuri, Madhu Menon, Mahendra K. Sunkara

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

The present study examines the interaction of hydrogen and nitrogen plasmas with gallium in an effort to gain insights into the mechanisms behind the synergetic effect of plasma and a catalytic metal. Absorption/desorption experiments were performed, accompanied by theoretical-computational calculations. Experiments were carried out in a plasma-enhanced, Ga-packed, batch reactor and entailed monitoring the change in pressure at different temperatures. The results indicated a rapid adsorption/dissolution of the gas into the molten metal when gallium was exposed to plasma, even at a low temperature of 100 °C. The experimental observations, when hydrogen was used, indicate that gallium acts ...


Cellulose Nanofiber-Reinforced Impact Modified Polypropylene: Assessing Material Properties From Fused Layer Modeling And Injection Molding Processing, Jordan Elliott Sanders Dec 2017

Cellulose Nanofiber-Reinforced Impact Modified Polypropylene: Assessing Material Properties From Fused Layer Modeling And Injection Molding Processing, Jordan Elliott Sanders

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to investigate the use of cellulose nanofibers (CNF) compounded into an impact modified polypropylene (IMPP) matrix. A IMPP was used because it shrinks less than a PP homopolymer during FLM processing. An assessment of material properties from fused layer modeling (FLM), an additive manufacturing (AM) method, and injection molding (IM) was conducted. Results showed that material property measurements in neat PP were statistically similar between IM and FLM for density, strain at yield and flexural stiffness. Additionally, PP plus the coupling agent maleic anhydride (MA) showed statistically similar results in comparison of IM and ...


Synthesis, Transport, And Thermoelectric Studies Of Topological Dirac Semimetal Cd3as2 For Room Temperature Waste Heat Recovery And Energy Conversion, Tahereh A. Hosseini Dec 2017

Synthesis, Transport, And Thermoelectric Studies Of Topological Dirac Semimetal Cd3as2 For Room Temperature Waste Heat Recovery And Energy Conversion, Tahereh A. Hosseini

Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

SYNTHESIS, TRANSPORT, AND THERMOELECTRIC STUDIES OF TOPOLOGICAL DIRAC SEMIMETAL CD3AS2 FOR ROOM TEMPERATURE WASTE HEAT RECOVERY AND ENERGY CONVERSION

by

The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 2017

Under the Supervision of Professor Nikolai Kouklin

Rising rates of the energy consumption and growing concerns over the climate change worldwide have made energy efficiency an urgent problem to address. Nowadays, almost two-thirds of the energy produced by burning fossil fuels to generate electrical power is lost in the form of the heat. On this front, increasing electrical power generation through a waste heat recovery remains one of the highly promising venues of the ...


Structural And Elastic Properties Of Degenerate Sno Monolayers At Finite Temperature, Afsana Sharmin Dec 2017

Structural And Elastic Properties Of Degenerate Sno Monolayers At Finite Temperature, Afsana Sharmin

Theses and Dissertations

Chalcogen-based layered superconductors with a litharge structure such as FeS and FeSe mono-layers undergo structural and superconducting phase transitions that are tunable by doping. Representing another material platform with a litharge structure but without valence d-electrons, SnO monolayers also display a structural ground state with a degenerate rectangular unit cell at zero temperature and a charge-tunable energy barrier that leads to a thermally-controllable structural phase change. Doped SnO monolayers with rectangular degenerate unit cells give rise to two-dimensional multiferroicity. Their two-dimensional elastic energy landscape adopts a basic analytic expression that is employed to discuss this structural transition. The results contained ...


Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock Dec 2017

Generalized Ellipsometry On Complex Nanostructures And Low-Symmetry Materials, Alyssa Mock

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this thesis, complex anisotropic materials are investigated and characterized by generalized ellipsometry. In recent years, anisotropic materials have gained considerable interest for novel applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices, mostly due to unique properties that originate from reduced crystal symmetry. Examples include white solid-state lighting devices which have become ubiquitous just recently, and the emergence of high-power, high-voltage electronic transistors and switches in all-electric vehicles. The incorporation of single crystalline material with low crystal symmetry into novel device structures requires reconsideration of existing optical characterization approaches. Here, the generalized ellipsometry concept is extended to include applications for materials with ...


Transport Of Water And Ions Through Single-Walled Armchair Carbon Nanotubes: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Michelle Patricia Aranha Dec 2017

Transport Of Water And Ions Through Single-Walled Armchair Carbon Nanotubes: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Michelle Patricia Aranha

Doctoral Dissertations

The narrow hydrophobic interior of a carbon nanotube (CNT) poses a barrier to the transport of water and ions, and yet, unexpectedly, numerous experimental and simulation studies have confirmed fast water transport rates comparable to those seen in biological aquaporin channels. These outstanding features of high water permeability and high solute rejection of even dissolved ions that would typically require a lot of energy for separation in commercial processes makes carbon nanotubes an exciting candidate for desalination membranes. Extending ion exclusion beyond simple mechanical sieving by the inclusion of electrostatics via added functionality to the nanotube bears promise to not ...


Block Copolymer Nanostructures For Inorganic Oxide Nanopatterning, Krishna Pandey Dec 2017

Block Copolymer Nanostructures For Inorganic Oxide Nanopatterning, Krishna Pandey

MSU Graduate Theses

Self-assembled nature of block copolymer (BCP) makes them ideal for emerging technologies in nanometer scale. The micro phase separation between two or more dissimilar polymer blocks of BCP leads to uniform periodic nanostructures of different domains of dimension in the range of 5-100 nm, good for the development of emerging microelectronic and optoelectronics devices. Molecular weight and chain architecture of each blocks govern the morphology evolution; gives different structure like spherical, micelles, lamellae, cylindrical, gyroid etc. The morphology evolution of BCP nanostructure also depends on different external factors as well. In the first work of this thesis, three external factors ...


Comparing The Niosh Method 5040 To A Diesel Particulate Matter Meter For Elemental Carbon, David M. Ayers Dec 2017

Comparing The Niosh Method 5040 To A Diesel Particulate Matter Meter For Elemental Carbon, David M. Ayers

Theses and Dissertations (All)

Introduction: The sampling of elemental carbon has been associated with monitoring exposures in the trucking and mining industries. Recently, in the field of engineered nanomaterials, single wall and muti-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are being produced in ever increasing quantities. The only approved atmospheric sampling for multi-wall carbon nanotubes in NIOSH Method 5040. These results are accurate but can take up to 30 days for sample results to be received.

Objectives: Compare the results of elemental carbon sampling from the NIOSH Method 5040 to a Diesel Particulate Matter (DPM) Meter.

Methods: MWCNTs were transferred and weighed between several trays placed on ...


Optical Absorption Properties Of Ge2–44 And P-Doped Ge Nanoparticles, Wei Qin, Wen-Cai Lu, Li-Zhen Zhao, Kai-Ming Ho, Cai-Zhuang Wang Dec 2017

Optical Absorption Properties Of Ge2–44 And P-Doped Ge Nanoparticles, Wei Qin, Wen-Cai Lu, Li-Zhen Zhao, Kai-Ming Ho, Cai-Zhuang Wang

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The optical absorption properties of non-crystalline and crystalline Ge nanoparticles with the sizes from ∼2.5 to 15 Å have been studied at the B3LYP/6-31G level using time-dependent density functional theory. Hydrogen passivation and phosphorus doping on some selected Ge nanoparticles were also calculated. With the increase of cluster size, the optical absorption spectra of the non-crystalline Ge nanoparticles change from many peaks to a continuous broad band and at the same time exhibit a systematic red-shift. Doping phosphorus also causes the absorption spectra to shift toward the lower energy region for both non-crystalline and crystalline Ge nanoparticles. The ...


Vertically-Aligned Mn(Oh)2 Nanosheet Films For Flexible All-Solid-State Electrochemical Supercapacitors, Ziyuan Yang, Jiangfeng Gong, Chunmei Tang, Weihua Zhu, Zhaojun Cheng, Jinghua Jiang, Aibin Ma, Qingping Ding Dec 2017

Vertically-Aligned Mn(Oh)2 Nanosheet Films For Flexible All-Solid-State Electrochemical Supercapacitors, Ziyuan Yang, Jiangfeng Gong, Chunmei Tang, Weihua Zhu, Zhaojun Cheng, Jinghua Jiang, Aibin Ma, Qingping Ding

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The arrangement of the electrode materials is a significant contributor for constructing high performance supercapacitor. Here, vertically-aligned Mn(OH)2 nanosheet thin films were synthesized by cathodic electrodeposition technique on flexible Au coated polyethylene terephthalate substrates. Morphologies, microstructures, chemical compositions and valence state of the nanosheet films were characterized systematically. It shows that the nanosheets arranged vertically to the substrate, forming a porous nanowall structures and creating large open framework, which greatly facilitate the adsorption or diffusion of electrolyte ions for faradaic redox reaction. Electrochemical tests of the films show the specific capacitance as high as 240.2 F g ...


Communication: Diverse Nanoscale Cluster Dynamics: Diffusion Of 2d Epitaxial Clusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu Nov 2017

Communication: Diverse Nanoscale Cluster Dynamics: Diffusion Of 2d Epitaxial Clusters, King C. Lai, James W. Evans, Da-Jiang Liu

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The dynamics of nanoscale clusters can be distinct from macroscale behavior described by continuum formalisms. For diffusion of 2D clusters of N atoms in homoepitaxial systems mediated by edge atom hopping, macroscale theory predicts simple monotonic size scaling of the diffusion coefficient, DN ∼ N−β, with β = 3/2. However, modeling for nanoclusters on metal(100) surfaces reveals that slow nucleation-mediated diffusion displaying weak size scaling β < 1 occurs for “perfect” sizes Np = L2 and L(L+1) for integer L = 3,4,… (with unique square or near-square ground state shapes), and also for Np+3, Np+4,…. In contrast, fast facile nucleation-free diffusion displaying strong size scaling β ≈ 2.5 occurs for sizes Np+1 and Np+2. DN versus N oscillates strongly between the slowest branch (for Np+3) and the fastest branch (for Np+1). All branches merge for N = O(102), but macroscale behavior is only achieved for much larger N = O(103). This analysis reveals the unprecedented diversity of behavior on the nanoscale.


Synthesis Of Graphene And Graphene-Based Composite Membrane, Yuanjun Fan Nov 2017

Synthesis Of Graphene And Graphene-Based Composite Membrane, Yuanjun Fan

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Vibration membrane equipped for earphone requires high performance in both mechanical properties and electronic properties. With extraordinary properties on both, graphene and graphene-based composite materials appear as a promising candidate for this application. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is believed to be the most convenient way to synthesize a large area (on scale of square centimeters) as well as a homogeneous thickness for the membrane. The thesis focuses on applying control variable experiment method to analyze different effects on mechanical property of the two CVD setting parameters: cooling rate, and hydrocarbon precursor. For isolating the specimens efficiently, a modified electrochemical method ...


Design And Simulation Of A Miniature Cylindrical Mirror Auger Electron Energy Analyzer With Secondary Electron Noise Suppression, Jay A. Bieber Nov 2017

Design And Simulation Of A Miniature Cylindrical Mirror Auger Electron Energy Analyzer With Secondary Electron Noise Suppression, Jay A. Bieber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the nanoscale metrology industry, there is a need for low-cost instruments, which have the ability to probe the structrure and elemental composition of thin films. This dissertation, describes the research performed to design and simulate a miniature Cylindrical Mirror Analyzer, (CMA), and Auger Electron Spectrometer, (AES). The CMA includes an integrated coaxial thermionic electron source. Electron optics simulations were performed using the Finite Element Method, (FEM), software COMSOL. To address the large Secondary Electron, (SE), noise, inherent in AES spectra, this research also included experiments to create structures in materials, which were intended to suppress SE backgound noise in ...


Novel Penta-Graphene Nanotubes: Strain-Induced Structural And Semiconductor–Metal Transitions, Zhanyu Wang, Xinran Cao, Chong Qiao, R. J. Zhang, Y. X. Zheng, L. Y. Chen, S. Y. Wang, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Yuan-Jia Fan, Bih-Yaw Jin, Wan-Sheng Su Nov 2017

Novel Penta-Graphene Nanotubes: Strain-Induced Structural And Semiconductor–Metal Transitions, Zhanyu Wang, Xinran Cao, Chong Qiao, R. J. Zhang, Y. X. Zheng, L. Y. Chen, S. Y. Wang, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Kai-Ming Ho, Yuan-Jia Fan, Bih-Yaw Jin, Wan-Sheng Su

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

Research into novel one-dimensional (1D) materials and associated structural transitions is of significant scientific interest. It is widely accepted that a 1D system with a short-range interaction cannot have 1D phase transition at finite temperature. Herein, we propose a series of new stable carbon nanotubes by rolling up penta-graphene sheets, which exhibit fascinating well-defined 1D phase transitions triggered by axial strain. Our first-principles calculations show that such penta-graphene nanotubes (PGNTs) are dynamically stable by phonon calculations, but transform from a tri-layer structure to a highly defective single-walled nanotube at low temperature in molecular dynamics simulations. We show that moderate compressive ...


S41598-017-16744-0.Pdf, Zlatan Aksamija Nov 2017

S41598-017-16744-0.Pdf, Zlatan Aksamija

Zlatan Aksamija

No abstract provided.


Investigating Scalable Manufacturing Of High-Conductivity Wires And Coatings From Ultra-Long Carbon Nanotubes, Pouria Khanbolouki Nov 2017

Investigating Scalable Manufacturing Of High-Conductivity Wires And Coatings From Ultra-Long Carbon Nanotubes, Pouria Khanbolouki

Mechanical Engineering ETDs

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising candidate for next generation of electrical wirings and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials due to their exceptional mechanical and electrical properties. Wires and coatings from ultralong nanotubes that are highly crystalline, well-aligned and densely packed can achieve this goal. High-performance CNT conductors will be relatively lightweight and resistant to harsh conditions and therefore can potentially replace current conductors in many industries including aerospace, automotive, gas and oil.

This thesis investigates a new manufacturing approach, based on conventional solution coating and wire drawing methods, to fabricate high conductivity wires and coatings from ultra-long carbon nanotubes ...


Mechanistic Modeling Of Nanoparticle-Stabilized Supercritical Co2 Foams And Its Implication In Field-Scale Eor Applications, Doris Patricia Ortiz Maestre Nov 2017

Mechanistic Modeling Of Nanoparticle-Stabilized Supercritical Co2 Foams And Its Implication In Field-Scale Eor Applications, Doris Patricia Ortiz Maestre

LSU Master's Theses

Previous experimental studies show that nanoparticle-stabilized supercritical CO2 foams (or, NP CO2 foams) can be applied as an alternative to surfactant foams, in order to reduce CO2 mobility in gas injection enhanced oil recovery (EOR). These nanoparticles, if chosen correctly, can be an effective foam stabilizer attached at the fluid interface in a wide range of physicochemical conditions.

By using NP CO2 foam experiments available in the literature, this study performs two tasks: (i) presenting how a mechanistic foam model can be used to fit experimental data and determine required model parameters, and (ii) investigating the ...


The Relationship Between Total Neuropathy Score-Reduced, Neuropathy Symptoms And Function., Ashraf Abulhaija Nov 2017

The Relationship Between Total Neuropathy Score-Reduced, Neuropathy Symptoms And Function., Ashraf Abulhaija

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (CIPN) is a common problem among cancer patients who receive a wide range of chemotherapy. This problem causes a decline in quality of life and increased disabilities. CIPN assessment instruments are either subjective, objective, or a combination of both. So far, there is no agreement on the best way for assessment. The goal of this study was to explore the relationships among subjective and objective CIPN assessment instruments. Specifically, this study aimed to 1) evaluate the relationship between the Total Neuropathy Score-reduced (mainly objective) and patients’ function, as measured by the interference scale of the Chemotherapy-Induced ...


Multiple Consecutive Recapture Of Rigid Nanoparticles Using A Solid-State Nanopore Sensor, Jungsoo Lee Nov 2017

Multiple Consecutive Recapture Of Rigid Nanoparticles Using A Solid-State Nanopore Sensor, Jungsoo Lee

Mechanical Engineering Research Theses and Dissertations

Solid‐state nanopore sensors have been used to measure the size of a nanoparticle by applying a resistive pulse sensing technique. Previously, the size distribution of the population pool could be investigated utilizing data from a single translocation, however, the accuracy of the distribution is limited due to the lack of repeated data. In this study, we characterized polystyrene nanobeads utilizing single particle recapture techniques, which provide a better statistical estimate of the size distribution than that of single sampling techniques. The pulses and translocation times of two different sized nanobeads (80 nm and 125 nm in diameter) were acquired ...


Electromagnetic Shielding Effectiveness Of 3d Printed Polymer Composites, Z. Viskadourakis, K. C. Vasilopoulos, E. N. Economou, Costas M. Soukoulis, G. Kenanakis Nov 2017

Electromagnetic Shielding Effectiveness Of 3d Printed Polymer Composites, Z. Viskadourakis, K. C. Vasilopoulos, E. N. Economou, Costas M. Soukoulis, G. Kenanakis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

We report on preliminary results regarding the electromagnetic shielding effectiveness of various 3D printed polymeric composite structures. All studied samples were fabricated using 3D printing technology, following the fused deposition modeling approach, using commercially available filaments as starting materials. The electromagnetic shielding performance of the fabricated 3D samples was investigated in the so called C-band of the electromagnetic spectrum (3.5–7.0 GHz), which is typically used for long-distance radio telecommunications. We provide evidence that 3D printing technology can be effectively utilized to prepare operational shields, making them promising candidates for electromagnetic shielding applications for electronic devices.


Rapid Characterization Of Local Shape Memory Properties Through Indentation, Peizhen Li, Haluk E. Karaca, Yang-Tse Cheng Nov 2017

Rapid Characterization Of Local Shape Memory Properties Through Indentation, Peizhen Li, Haluk E. Karaca, Yang-Tse Cheng

Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications

Shape memory alloys (SMAs) have the ability to show large recoverable shape changes upon temperature, stress or magnetic field cycling. Their shape memory, material and magnetic properties (e.g. transformation temperatures, strain, saturation magnetization and strength) determine their prospects for applications from small-scale microelectromechanical systems to large scale aerospace and biomedical systems. It should be noted that properties of SMAs are highly temperature dependent. Generally, the conventional mechanical characterization methods (e.g, tension, compression, and torsion) are used on bulk samples of SMAs to determine those properties. In this article, it will be shown that indentation technique can be used ...


Incorporation Of Catalytic Modalities For Forming Of A Catalytic Cascade, Albert T. Perry Iii Nov 2017

Incorporation Of Catalytic Modalities For Forming Of A Catalytic Cascade, Albert T. Perry Iii

Nanoscience and Microsystems ETDs

This dissertation investigates the novel incorporation of inorganic and enzymatic catalysts. There is little literature on inorganic catalysts operating at biologically relevant pHs and as such a significant amount of this dissertation focuses on determination of catalyst activity. Mn amino-anitpyrene (MnAAPyr), Pt, Pt alloys, Mn-N-C and Pd catalysts on 3D graphene supports(3D-GNS), were explored for activity towards glycerol intermediates: oxalic acid, mesoxalic acid, glyoxalic acid, and formic acid. MnAAPyr was designed to mimic the reaction center of oxalate decarboxylase and oxalate oxidaze, the natural catalyst towards oxalic acid. It showed high activity towards oxalic acid, with onset potentials of ...


Oct-Based Three Dimensional Modeling Of Stent Deployment, Pengfei Dong, David Prabhu, David L. Wilson, Hiram G. Bezerra, Linxia Gu Nov 2017

Oct-Based Three Dimensional Modeling Of Stent Deployment, Pengfei Dong, David Prabhu, David L. Wilson, Hiram G. Bezerra, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Stent deployment has been widely used to treat narrowed coronary artery. Its acute outcome in terms of stent under expansion and malapposition depends on the extent and shape of calcifications. However, no clear understanding as to how to quantify or categorize the impact of calcification. We have conducted ex vivo stenting characterized by the optical coherence tomography (OCT). The goal of this work is to capture the ex vivo stent deployment and quantify the effect of calcium morphology on the stenting. A three dimensional model of calcified plaque was reconstructed from ex vivo OCT images. The crimping, balloon expansion and ...