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2016

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

The Effect Of A Powered Ankle Foot Orthosis On Walking In A Stroke Subject: A Case Study, Ali Pourghasem, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Mohammad Kamali, Mohammad Jannesari, Iman Salafian Dec 2016

The Effect Of A Powered Ankle Foot Orthosis On Walking In A Stroke Subject: A Case Study, Ali Pourghasem, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Mohammad Kamali, Mohammad Jannesari, Iman Salafian

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

[Purpose] Standing and walking are impaired in stroke patients. Therefore, assisted devices are required to restore their walking abilities. The ankle foot orthosis with an external powered source is a new type of orthosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a powered ankle foot orthosis compared with unpowered orthoses in a stroke patient.

[Subjects and Methods] A single stroke subject participated in this study. The subject was fitted with three types of ankle foot orthosis (powered, posterior leg spring, and carbon ankle foot orthoses). He was asked to walk with and without the three types ...


Lucidpipe™ Power System, Purdue Ect Team Dec 2016

Lucidpipe™ Power System, Purdue Ect Team

ECT Fact Sheets

In most gravity fed water transmission pipelines, it is desired to reduce excess pressure head to prevent undue strain on a pipeline and lower the incidence of leaks. Normally this is done with pressure reducing valves that essentially burn off this excess pressure as heat. The LucidPipe™ system converts it to low cost electricity thereby removing unwanted pressure and generating energy at the same time - energy that can be put used behind the grid or put back on the grid. The LucidPipe™ system extracts a small percentage of pressure head providing nearly invisible operation allowing water operators to fulfill their ...


Mechanics Of Soft Polymers, Trisha Sain Dec 2016

Mechanics Of Soft Polymers, Trisha Sain

TechTalks

Understanding the mechanics and physics of soft polymers are essential due to their widespread applications across disciplines. (e.g.-composite materials, bio mechanics, soft robotics etc.) The soft polymers in general inherent lightweight, high stretchability, extreme viscous damping and stimuli responsive behavior. Development of computational modeling strategy to predict their constitutive response, stimuli responsive behavior is indeed helpful for designing novel multifunctional soft composites, artificial mussels/tissues. In this talk I will briefly emphasize how we are developing multiscale-multiphysics based modeling methods for soft polymers to understand their macroscopic deformation mechanism, failure and other mechanical properties. The long term goal ...


Aps Labs (Advanced Power Systems Research Center), Jeffrey D. Naber Dec 2016

Aps Labs (Advanced Power Systems Research Center), Jeffrey D. Naber

TechTalks

Our mission is to promote & facilitate education and research in clean, efficient, and sustainable power and powertrain systems. The center was established in 2007 and in 2014 the 55,000 sq ft APSRC building located near the airport was denoted as a MTU core facility. Our new research contracts in FY2016 were over $2.5M. Our partners include automotive OEMs: GM, Ford, FCA, Toyota, Honda; Commercial OEMs: Cummins, Deere, Detroit, Isuzu, MHI; Suppliers: Delphi, Denso, Borg Warner, Hitachi; and DOE Labs: ANL, ORNL, PNNL, SNL, & INL. We have seven staff to assist in educational and R&D programs and facilities to support research at the fundamental to applied scale. The Mobile Lab provides outreach, education, and demonstration platform. We were recently awarded a $3.5M DOE ARPA-e program with GM to advance mobility and efficiency through connected an automated vehicle technologies. View more online at http://apslabs.me.mtu.edu.


Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook Dec 2016

Microstructural Analysis Of Thermoelastic Response, Nonlinear Creep, And Pervasive Cracking In Heterogeneous Materials, Alden C. Cook

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is concerned with the development of robust numerical solution procedures for the generalized micromechanical analysis of linear and nonlinear constitutive behavior in heterogeneous materials. Although the methods developed are applicable in many engineering, geological, and materials science fields, three main areas are explored in this work. First, a numerical methodology is presented for the thermomechanical analysis of heterogeneous materials with a special focus on real polycrystalline microstructures obtained using electron backscatter diffraction techniques. Asymptotic expansion homogenization and finite element analysis are employed for micromechanical analysis of polycrystalline materials. Effective thermoelastic properties of polycrystalline materials are determined and compared ...


Self-Patterning Gd Nano-Fibers In Mg-Gd Alloys, Yangxin Li, Jian Wang, Kaiguo Chen, Meiyue Shao, Yao Shen, Li Jin, Guo-Zhen Zhu Dec 2016

Self-Patterning Gd Nano-Fibers In Mg-Gd Alloys, Yangxin Li, Jian Wang, Kaiguo Chen, Meiyue Shao, Yao Shen, Li Jin, Guo-Zhen Zhu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Manipulating the shape and distribution of strengthening units, e.g. particles, fibers, and precipitates, in a bulk metal, has been a widely applied strategy of tailoring their mechanical properties. Here, we report self-assembled patterns of Gd nano-fibers in Mg-Gd alloys for the purpose of improving their strength and deformability. 1-nm Gd nano-fibers, with a 〈c〉-rod shape, are formed and hexagonally patterned in association with Gd segregations along dislocations that nucleated during hot extrusion. Such Gd-fiber patterns are able to regulate the relative activities of slips and twinning, as a result, overcome the inherent limitations in strength and ductility of ...


Development Of Lignin Carbon Fiber And Reinforced Composites, Nathan Kieran Meek Dec 2016

Development Of Lignin Carbon Fiber And Reinforced Composites, Nathan Kieran Meek

Masters Theses

The aim of this work is to develop lignin carbon fiber for composite applications. This included mechanical testing of single lignin carbon fiber (LCF), interfacial shear strength determination for LCF-resin systems using single fiber fragmentation, x-ray diffraction for the evaluation of microstructural parameters, and finally composite manufacturing and testing. Through these focused areas of analysis, the carbon fiber is thoroughly characterized and composite performance is evaluated. This effort was a collaboration with the Center for Renewable Carbon (CRC) and the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department. LCF produced by the CRC resulted in fibers having tensile strength of 250-800 MPa and ...


Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere Dec 2016

Microstructure Control And Correlation To Creep Properties In Grade 91 Steel Weldment After Thermo-Mechanical Treatments And An Fe-30cr-3al Alloy Strengthened By Fe2nb Laves Phase, Benjamin Allen Shassere

Doctoral Dissertations

Type IV cracking in weldments of steel pipes after creep deformation is a concern in modern fossil-fueled power plants. Two possible methods for minimizing or eliminating Type IV cracking will be discussed. The first method alters the initial microstructure of typical Grade 91 steel base metal before welding, while the second provides baseline microstructure characteristics and creep performance of a new alloy that is strengthened by the intermetallic Fe2Nb Laves phase. The initial microstructure of the Grade 91 steel can be controlled by Thermo-Mechanical Treatments, which aids in precipitation of fine (5-10 nm) MX particles in austenite before transformation to ...


Sulfate Resistance Of Nanosilica Contained Portland Cement Mortars, Iani Batilov Batilov Dec 2016

Sulfate Resistance Of Nanosilica Contained Portland Cement Mortars, Iani Batilov Batilov

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Soils, sea water and ground water high in sulfates are commonly encountered hostile environments that can attack the structure of concrete via chemical and physical mechanisms which can lead to costly repairs or replacement. Sulfate attack is a slow acting deteriorative phenomenon that can result in cracking, spalling, expansion, increased permeability, paste-to-aggregate bond loss, paste softening, strength loss, and ultimately, progressive failure of concrete. In the presented research study, Portland cement (PC) mortars containing 1.5% to 6.0% nanosilica (nS) cement replacement by weight were tested for sulfate resistance through full submersion in sodium sulfate to simulate external sulfate ...


Alkali-Activated Natural Pozzolan/Slag Binder For Sustainable Concrete, Meysam Najimi Dec 2016

Alkali-Activated Natural Pozzolan/Slag Binder For Sustainable Concrete, Meysam Najimi

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This study aimed to fully replace Portland cement (PC) with environmentally friendly binders capable of improving longevity of concrete. The new binders consisted of different proportions of natural Pozzolan and slag which were alkaline-activated with various combinations of sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate. A step-by-step research program was designed to (1) develop alkali-activated natural Pozzolan/slag pastes with adequate fresh and strength properties, (2) produce alkali-activated natural Pozzolan/slag mortars to assess the effects of dominant variables on their plastic and hardened properties, and (3) finally produce and assess fresh, mechanical, dimensional, transport and durability properties of alkali-activated natural Pozzolan ...


Structure-Property Relationships Of Polyisobutylene-Block-Polyamide Thermoplastic Elastomers, Morgan Dunn Heskett Dec 2016

Structure-Property Relationships Of Polyisobutylene-Block-Polyamide Thermoplastic Elastomers, Morgan Dunn Heskett

Master's Theses

Thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) are a class of polymer fit for a wide variety of applications due to their customizability. In the synthesis of these types of materials, an elastically-performing polymer, deemed the “soft block,” is combined with a stiffer “hard block” polymer, each of which can be selected based on their own specific properties in order to achieve desired material behavior in the final copolymer. Recently, the use of polyisobutylene as a soft block in combination with a polyamide hard block has been investigated for use in TPE synthesis. While the material showed some promising behavior, many properties were still ...


Spray Printing Of Organic Semiconducting Single Crystals, Grigorios-Panagiotis Rigas, Marcia M. Payne, John E. Anthony, Peter N. Horton, Fernando A. Castro, Maxim Shkunov Nov 2016

Spray Printing Of Organic Semiconducting Single Crystals, Grigorios-Panagiotis Rigas, Marcia M. Payne, John E. Anthony, Peter N. Horton, Fernando A. Castro, Maxim Shkunov

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Single-crystal semiconductors have been at the forefront of scientific interest for more than 70 years, serving as the backbone of electronic devices. Inorganic single crystals are typically grown from a melt using time-consuming and energy-intensive processes. Organic semiconductor single crystals, however, can be grown using solution-based methods at room temperature in air, opening up the possibility of large-scale production of inexpensive electronics targeting applications ranging from field-effect transistors and light-emitting diodes to medical X-ray detectors. Here we demonstrate a low-cost, scalable spray-printing process to fabricate high-quality organic single crystals, based on various semiconducting small molecules on virtually any substrate by ...


Two-Phase Transport In Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Kazuya Tajiri Nov 2016

Two-Phase Transport In Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Kazuya Tajiri

TechTalks

In Multiscale Transport Process Laboratory our research is focused on the experimental and computational analysis of transport phenomena in electrochemical devices and propulsion systems. In this talk our research activity on proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) for automotive application will be explained. Water management is one of the most critical issues in PEMFCs. The water generated in catalyst layer as a product of the electrochemical reaction needs to be removed through porous media by diffusion if it’s vapor, or by capillarity in case of liquid. In flow channels, the liquid water is removed primarily by inertial force of ...


Solid State Sound: A "Hot" Topic, Andrew Barnard Nov 2016

Solid State Sound: A "Hot" Topic, Andrew Barnard

TechTalks

As seen with the latest iPhone 7 release, traditional audio components can now be a limiting factor in technology design. What if we could make a loudspeaker with no moving parts and virtually no weight? Carbon nanotube loudspeakers are such devices. They create sound using heat oscillations, as opposed to a moving diaphragm. They have the thickness of only a handful of carbon atoms, are flexible and stretchable. In this TechTalk I’ll discuss the carbon nanotube loudspeaker and the design challenges in maturing this intriguing technology.


Wearable Electronics, Human-Centered Monitoring, Ye Sarah Sun Nov 2016

Wearable Electronics, Human-Centered Monitoring, Ye Sarah Sun

TechTalks

Non-contact solution in wearable electronics: A conventional clinical system requires the use of wet electrodes that are in contact with skin using conductive gel to acquire physiological signals. Those systems can acquire high quality signals but may not be feasible for a long-term purpose due to the skin irritation and allergic contact dermatitis. The emerging of human-centered monitoring calls for alternative solutions. Recent technological advances enable capacitive measurement that can acquire signals through cloth or even with an air gap in wearable condition. In this TechTalk I will introduce the non-contact solution in wearable electronics.


The Effects Of The Stratosphere On Materials, Ashley C. Greene, Theresa M. Palandro Nov 2016

The Effects Of The Stratosphere On Materials, Ashley C. Greene, Theresa M. Palandro

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Abstract 1:

Making AND Breaking: How reliable are some water pipes?

Ashley C. Greene.

Three different types of pipes were tested to see at what point in time they would break. The pipes, PVC pipe, PEX pipe, and CPVC pipe, were filled with water and attached to a helium filled weather balloon. The ends of the pipes were sealed to trap the water inside. The pipes were secured onto a payload in a Styrofoam box surrounded by cheese cloth. This frame secured the pipes and ensured that they stayed in one place and could not move around the container. The ...


Video Capture And Post-Processing Technique For Approximating 3d Projectile Trajectory, Chase M. Pfeifer, Judith M. Burnfield, Guilherme M. Cesar, Max H. Twedt, Jeff A. Hawks Nov 2016

Video Capture And Post-Processing Technique For Approximating 3d Projectile Trajectory, Chase M. Pfeifer, Judith M. Burnfield, Guilherme M. Cesar, Max H. Twedt, Jeff A. Hawks

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

In this paper we introduce a low-cost procedure and methodology for markerless projectile tracking in three-dimensional (3D) space. Understanding the 3D trajectory of an object in flight can often be essential in examining variables relating to launch and landing conditions. Many systems exist to track the 3D motion of projectiles but are often constrained by space or the type of object the system can recognize (Qualisys, Göteborg, Sweden; Vicon, Oxford, United Kingdom; Opti-Track, Corvallis, Oregon USA; Motion Analysis, Santa Rosa, California USA; Flight Scope, Orlando, Florida USA). These technologies can also be quite expensive, often costing hundreds of thousand dollars ...


Failure Mechanism Of Woven Roving Fabric/Vinyl Ester Composites In Freeze–Thaw Saline Environment, Elias Anis Toubia, Sadra Emami, Donald Klosterman Nov 2016

Failure Mechanism Of Woven Roving Fabric/Vinyl Ester Composites In Freeze–Thaw Saline Environment, Elias Anis Toubia, Sadra Emami, Donald Klosterman

Civil and Environmental Engineering and Engineering Mechanics Faculty Publications

This experimental study investigates the degradation mechanisms of a glass fiber-reinforced plastic material commonly used in civil engineering applications. A substantial reduction in tensile, shear, and compression properties was observed after 100 days of freeze–thaw cycling in saline environment (-20°C to 20°C). Non-destructive inspection techniques were progressively conducted on unexposed (ambient condition) and exposed (conditioned) specimens. The dynamic mechanical analysis showed permanent decrease in storage modulus that was attributed to physical degradation of the polymer and/or fiber–matrix interface. This indicated the formation of internal cracks inside the exposed glass fiber-reinforced plastic laminate. The 3D X-ray ...


Intensity And Resolution Enhancement Of Local Regions For Object Detection And Tracking In Wide Area Surveillance, Evan Krieger, Vijayan K. Asari, Saibabu Arigela, Theus H. Aspiras Oct 2016

Intensity And Resolution Enhancement Of Local Regions For Object Detection And Tracking In Wide Area Surveillance, Evan Krieger, Vijayan K. Asari, Saibabu Arigela, Theus H. Aspiras

Vijayan K. Asari

Object tracking in wide area motion imagery is a complex problem that consists of object detection and target tracking over time. This challenge can be solved by human analysts who naturally have the ability to keep track of an object in a scene. A computer vision solution for object tracking has the potential to be a much faster and efficient solution. However, a computer vision solution faces certain challenges that do not affect a human analyst. To overcome these challenges, a tracking process is proposed that is inspired by the known advantages of a human analyst. First, the focus of ...


Cement Asphalt Mortar Modelling And Its Influence On High-Speed Train–Bridge System In Presence Of Moderate Earthquakes And Service Loading, Lingkun Chen Oct 2016

Cement Asphalt Mortar Modelling And Its Influence On High-Speed Train–Bridge System In Presence Of Moderate Earthquakes And Service Loading, Lingkun Chen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Nondestructive Testing And Structural Health Monitoring Based On Adams And Svm Techniques, Gang Jiang, Yi Ming Deng, Ji Tai Niu Oct 2016

Nondestructive Testing And Structural Health Monitoring Based On Adams And Svm Techniques, Gang Jiang, Yi Ming Deng, Ji Tai Niu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


A356 Aluminum Alloy, Grain Refining, Modification, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, Jonghun Yoon Oct 2016

A356 Aluminum Alloy, Grain Refining, Modification, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, Jonghun Yoon

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Activated Tungsten Inert Gas Welding Process, Cheng Jin, Hanchen Huang Oct 2016

A Molecular Dynamics Study Of Activated Tungsten Inert Gas Welding Process, Cheng Jin, Hanchen Huang

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Modelling The Evaporation Of Aluminum In Ti–6al–4v Alloy Melted With Electron Beam And Laser, Xuan Wang, Liang Wang, Liang S. Luo, Yan Q. Su, Xin Z. Li, Rui R. Chen, Jing J. Guo, Heng Z. Fu Oct 2016

Modelling The Evaporation Of Aluminum In Ti–6al–4v Alloy Melted With Electron Beam And Laser, Xuan Wang, Liang Wang, Liang S. Luo, Yan Q. Su, Xin Z. Li, Rui R. Chen, Jing J. Guo, Heng Z. Fu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Simulation Of Superplastic Forming Of Circular Edge-Welded Envelopes, Olga Tulupova Oct 2016

Simulation Of Superplastic Forming Of Circular Edge-Welded Envelopes, Olga Tulupova

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen Oct 2016

Numerical Modeling And Seismic Assessment Of Smart Isolation System For High-Speed Railway Rc Bridge Subjected To Near-Field Ground Motions, Lingkun Chen

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Molecular Dynamics Studies Of The Adsorption Behavior Of Methyl 3-((2-Mercaptophenyl)Imino)Butanoate As Corrosion Inhibitors On Copper Surface, Jianlin Sun, Sang Xiong, Xudong Yan, Yang Xu Oct 2016

Molecular Dynamics Studies Of The Adsorption Behavior Of Methyl 3-((2-Mercaptophenyl)Imino)Butanoate As Corrosion Inhibitors On Copper Surface, Jianlin Sun, Sang Xiong, Xudong Yan, Yang Xu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


On The Microstructure And Properties Of The Pmig Welding Joint Of A7n01 Aluminum Alloy Enhanced By Supersonic Wave And Aging, Tainquan Liang, Qiumei Qin, Xiaomei Mo, Xiaolian Zhao, Jianmin Zeng Oct 2016

On The Microstructure And Properties Of The Pmig Welding Joint Of A7n01 Aluminum Alloy Enhanced By Supersonic Wave And Aging, Tainquan Liang, Qiumei Qin, Xiaomei Mo, Xiaolian Zhao, Jianmin Zeng

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Simulation Investigation Of Temperature Distribution In Large Aluminium Panel During Autoclave Age Forming Process, Yongqian Xu Oct 2016

Simulation Investigation Of Temperature Distribution In Large Aluminium Panel During Autoclave Age Forming Process, Yongqian Xu

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.


Thermodynamic Simulation For Solidification Path In Die Casting Alloy Development, Mohamad Rusydi Mohamad Yasin, Dongke Sun, Qingyou Han Oct 2016

Thermodynamic Simulation For Solidification Path In Die Casting Alloy Development, Mohamad Rusydi Mohamad Yasin, Dongke Sun, Qingyou Han

The 8th International Conference on Physical and Numerical Simulation of Materials Processing

No abstract provided.