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Full-Text Articles in Business

Backing Up Into Advocacy: The Case Of Smartphone Driver Distraction, Robert Rosenberger May 2020

Backing Up Into Advocacy: The Case Of Smartphone Driver Distraction, Robert Rosenberger

The Journal of Sociotechnical Critique

For the last decade, I’ve been studying the topic of the driving impairment of smartphones. While this began as an exclusively academic project, it has increasingly compelled public engagement. One example of this came in an opinion piece I wrote in 2018 in response to a new traffic law. I take the opportunity here to fill out the academic backstory of this particular op-ed, reflect on how this larger project has evolved to include an unanticipated public-facing edge, and abstract some lessons about public writing.


The Men Or The Mission: Can An Army Of Servants Become An Army Of Servant Leaders?, Douglas Gain, Phil C. Bryant May 2020

The Men Or The Mission: Can An Army Of Servants Become An Army Of Servant Leaders?, Douglas Gain, Phil C. Bryant

Servant Leadership: Theory & Practice

This paper evaluates the theory of servant leadership as a viable solution to the Army’s sometimes toxic leadership problem. The research question this paper asks is: is servant leadership a viable option for official U.S. Army leadership doctrine? We build the case that while servant leadership is fundamentally incompatible with Army Leadership and is not a viable option for official U.S. Army leadership doctrine, some of the basic tenets of servant leadership are adoptable and adaptable by the U.S. Army. Furthermore, we recommend that the U.S. Army focus on better communicating their existing leadership doctrine ...


Exploring The Effect Of Transformational Leadership On Nonprofit Leader Commitment, Robert Freeborough May 2020

Exploring The Effect Of Transformational Leadership On Nonprofit Leader Commitment, Robert Freeborough

Servant Leadership: Theory & Practice

Transformational leadership has been widely researched in for-profit organizations; however, it lacks empirical support among nonprofit organizations (Palumbo, 2016; Riggio, Bass, & Orr, 2003), as does servant leadership theory. The intent of this study was to extend previous research on transformational leadership and employee engagement and to determine whether nonprofit employees are more committed in organizations in which transformational leadership is the primary leadership style and encourage similar research on servant leadership in nonprofit organizational settings. Drawing from a survey of 389 nonprofit employees in the United States, correlational analysis found that transformational leadership significantly linked to one of the three ...


Does Servant Leadership Need A Universal Definition? May 2020

Does Servant Leadership Need A Universal Definition?

Servant Leadership: Theory & Practice

No abstract provided.


In-Service Biology Teachers’ Perceptions And Pedagogical Rating Of Two Mobile Learning Applications Recommended For Learning Biology In Nigerian Secondary Schools, Uchenna Udeani Prof, Jeremiah Nosakhare Akhigbe Mr May 2020

In-Service Biology Teachers’ Perceptions And Pedagogical Rating Of Two Mobile Learning Applications Recommended For Learning Biology In Nigerian Secondary Schools, Uchenna Udeani Prof, Jeremiah Nosakhare Akhigbe Mr

The African Journal of Information Systems

The study investigated in-service biology teachers’ perceptions of the instructional use of smartphones equipped with Biology Mobile Learning Applications (BMLAs) in the learning of biology concepts in Nigerian senior secondary schools and the pedagogical rating of two commercially available mobile learning applications recommended for learning biology. The study utilized a descriptive survey design. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings gathered revealed that the in-service biology teachers had good perceptions of the instructional use of BMLAs and that these perceptions influence their pedagogical rating and selection of mobile applications. The study also revealed that demographic variables such ...


A Conceptual Information Technology Project Management Assurance Framework, Elizabeth Mkoba, Carl Marnewick May 2020

A Conceptual Information Technology Project Management Assurance Framework, Elizabeth Mkoba, Carl Marnewick

The African Journal of Information Systems

Over the last decade, information technology (IT) projects have continued to fail at an alarming rate. Project managers are still battling to manage and deliver successful IT projects in organizations. The conceptual information technology project management assurance framework developed consists of project assurance processes. The conceptual framework was validated through a survey of 121 IT project managers from organizations in seven African countries. The purpose of this paper is to present research findings on how well project assurance processes are implemented and their importance in achieving a successful IT project outcome in organizations. The findings indicate that most project assurance ...


Causes Of Challenges In Implementing Computer-Based Knowledge Management Systems In Healthcare Institutions: A Case Study Of Private Hospitals In Johannesburg, South Africa, George Maramba, Alfred Coleman, Felix F. Ntawanga May 2020

Causes Of Challenges In Implementing Computer-Based Knowledge Management Systems In Healthcare Institutions: A Case Study Of Private Hospitals In Johannesburg, South Africa, George Maramba, Alfred Coleman, Felix F. Ntawanga

The African Journal of Information Systems

The advent of computer-based knowledge management systems has changed the world, especially in the way businesses operate, making them an integral aspect to modern economies and the drivers of success. Studies show that the implementation of computer-based knowledge management systems is challenging, particularly in healthcare institutions. This paper presents a study that was undertaken to identify the causes of challenges encountered when implementing computer-based knowledge management systems in healthcare institutions. A case was used as this study’s research methodology in which three private hospitals based in Johannesburg, South Africa, were utilized. Six participants, two from each private hospital, were ...


Strategies To Prevent And Detect Occupational Fraud In Small Retail Businesses, Marquita V. Davis, David Harris Iii May 2020

Strategies To Prevent And Detect Occupational Fraud In Small Retail Businesses, Marquita V. Davis, David Harris Iii

International Journal of Applied Management and Technology

The objective of this multiple case study was to explore internal control strategies owners of small retail businesses in southeastern Pennsylvania used to prevent and detect occupational fraud. The results of this study indicated that there are areas for action that owners of small retail businesses could take to prevent and detect occupational fraud. Strategies business owners could implement to protect their businesses from occupational fraud include monitoring, employee identity documents to track employee activity, separation of duties, and communication with employees. Small business owners serve their communities by focusing on wealth distribution, including donations to local charities that foster ...


Exploring Diversity Management In Transnational Corporations Through The Lens Of Migration And Expatriation, Kingsley U. Utam, Uduak Archibong, Sean Walton, Cyril Eshareturi May 2020

Exploring Diversity Management In Transnational Corporations Through The Lens Of Migration And Expatriation, Kingsley U. Utam, Uduak Archibong, Sean Walton, Cyril Eshareturi

Journal of Social Change

In this study, we aim to develop an understanding of the similarity between migration and expatriation, identify both as elements in diversity, and draw attention to the additional layer of ethnic diversity created by the high number of top management expatriates in some Nigerian subsidiaries of transnational corporations. Using the qualitative research design, we thematically analysed data from semistructured interviews with six indigenous managers in four transnational corporations. We found a significant number of expatriate managers in two subsidiaries and a lack of diversity management framework to address the new layer of diversity as reflected in the unequal treatment of ...


The Substantial Growth Of Shadow Banking, Financial Technology And Digital Currency And Their Respective Roles In Shaping The Next Financial Crisis, Vardhan S. Chulani Mr. May 2020

The Substantial Growth Of Shadow Banking, Financial Technology And Digital Currency And Their Respective Roles In Shaping The Next Financial Crisis, Vardhan S. Chulani Mr.

Undergraduate Economic Review

Based on Goldman Sachs’ model and the state of current affairs, an underlying possibility of a financial crisis occurring in the foreseeable future does exist. This could be due to ongoing trade war and negotiations with different countries, the new policies introduced by political parties and their respective impacts, high amounts of corporate and student debts along with auto loans in the economy, thus indicating signs of excessive leverage and resulting in depressing consumer confidence. International issues such as Brexit, the existing currency and debt crisis with Turkey, and China’s debt bubble could also contribute to the global growth ...


The Ocean Lifeguard Intervention Continuum: A Cognitive Aid For Surf Lifeguard Education, William A. Koon, Ryan M. Gates, Shane Scoggins, Paul Andrus, Jack A. Futoran May 2020

The Ocean Lifeguard Intervention Continuum: A Cognitive Aid For Surf Lifeguard Education, William A. Koon, Ryan M. Gates, Shane Scoggins, Paul Andrus, Jack A. Futoran

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Ocean lifeguards are constantly engaged in beach risk analysis, required to efficiently evaluate a variety of environmental and other factors quickly in order to triage and prioritize who needs help. Teaching these skills is a challenge for introductory training programs. We sought to improve new lifeguards’ understanding of the interaction of various risk components in the beach environment and aid decision-making related to when a lifeguard should intervene in a situation. We developed a two-part cognitive aid for introductory ocean lifeguard education depicting individual and interacting elements of a beach goer’s risk of drowning or injury and the process ...


The Consequences Of Guiding Profession Deregulation For The Status And Training Of Tourist Guides: A Portuguese Overview, Luis Miguel Brito May 2020

The Consequences Of Guiding Profession Deregulation For The Status And Training Of Tourist Guides: A Portuguese Overview, Luis Miguel Brito

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

In the present neoliberal market economy, the so-called free tours and their unlicensed tourist guides found the perfect environment to practice their activity, which is often criticised by licensed guides. The overall difference between the two types of guides is related to the fact that licensed guides have a formal specific education and training to do their job, sometimes complemented with continuous professional development, whereas free tours’ guides don’t. Therefore, several questions come to mind: Since unqualified guides are actually working without any training, should there be any formal education for tourist guides? How useful is formal and continuous ...


The Role Of Tourist Guides In The Multi-Vocal Presentation Of Heritage, Veronica Barbara May 2020

The Role Of Tourist Guides In The Multi-Vocal Presentation Of Heritage, Veronica Barbara

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

People tend to think of heritage sites as places for education and entertainment. In reality, visitors also seek sites for other reasons, often more personal in nature. This is due to the different voices within the heritage experience which make sites not only highly contested areas but also sensitive spaces to interpret and present. Based on the qualitative research done for an MA dissertation entitled ‘Are we being multi-vocal? The case of presenting Archaeological Heritage in Malta’, the author explores the different values that artefacts and sites have for different people and how the visiting experience can lead from the ...


Roles And Responsibilities Of A Tourist Guide And Their Trainers: Reflections And Recommendations, Vincent Zammit May 2020

Roles And Responsibilities Of A Tourist Guide And Their Trainers: Reflections And Recommendations, Vincent Zammit

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

My first ever guiding experience, was telling stories to my siblings and cousins, and other friends who would bother to come with me around the streets of my home-town, Valletta. I remember my first visit to an exhibition, back in 1970. As a 15-year old I was impressed with all the exhibits, coming from all over the world. I also remember reading the captions and wondering how was it possible to remember all that information. Maybe the seeds of guiding were already there. Interest in visiting places and guiding continued. For thirteen years I worked as a guide with the ...


Foreign Language Teaching And The Politics Of Culture In A Tour Guiding Curriculum, Ruth Azzopardi May 2020

Foreign Language Teaching And The Politics Of Culture In A Tour Guiding Curriculum, Ruth Azzopardi

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

Language teaching courses for prospective tour guides often focus exclusively on the linguistic medium of communication, coupled with a basic awareness of history and geography. This paper argues that language courses in tourism institutes should not separate the teaching of a language from wider political and cultural spheres. Similarly, during their daily encounters with visitors, tour guides should not present an unrealistic, idyllic image of a particular place, avoiding questions of a more political or socio-cultural nature. Taking French language teaching at the Institute of Tourism Studies (ITS), Malta, as a practical example, this paper studies how the teaching and ...


On Tourist Guiding: Reflecting On A Centuries-Old Profession And Proposing Future Challenges, Luis Miguel Brito, Glen Farrugia May 2020

On Tourist Guiding: Reflecting On A Centuries-Old Profession And Proposing Future Challenges, Luis Miguel Brito, Glen Farrugia

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

This paper provides a historical overview of Tourist Guiding, followed by some thoughts and reflections on how we can improve and develop our profession into the 21st Century. Thus, the paper traces the main developments of the profession through time. The idea of the paper is to offer a context to this new Journal, and hopefully entice the reader to draw useful parallels when critically reading the content of this and future issues of this publication.


Introduction To The International Journal Of Tour Guiding Research, Glen Farrugia, Luis Miguel Brito, Kevin A. Griffin May 2020

Introduction To The International Journal Of Tour Guiding Research, Glen Farrugia, Luis Miguel Brito, Kevin A. Griffin

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

No abstract provided.


Ijtgr Volume 1(I) Table Of Contents, Kevin A. Griffin, Glen Farrugia, Luis Miguel Brito May 2020

Ijtgr Volume 1(I) Table Of Contents, Kevin A. Griffin, Glen Farrugia, Luis Miguel Brito

International Journal of Tour Guiding Research

Table of Contents for the Inaugural Issue of The International Journal of Tour Guiding Research


Microtransactions: Redefining Revenue In The Videogame Industry, Peter Christensen May 2020

Microtransactions: Redefining Revenue In The Videogame Industry, Peter Christensen

Marriott Student Review

Microtransactions. Hated. Loved. Adored. The fundamental base of the video game industry, microtransactions have been the eye of the storm for video game controversy. In this article, author Peter Christensen analyzes the conflicting views, and proposes a solution forward.


Negating Amy Gutmann: Deliberative Democracy, Business Influence, And Segmentation Strategies In Education, Brian Ford May 2020

Negating Amy Gutmann: Deliberative Democracy, Business Influence, And Segmentation Strategies In Education, Brian Ford

Democracy and Education

The task of creating a public will is daunting in any political system, but a democracy dedicated to the principles of participation and public deliberation faces specific challenges, including overcoming organized opposition that may not accept democratic tenets. In the sphere of education (and social reproduction more generally), business-influenced movements to reform public education question many of the established goals and norms of democratic education and thus may be the vanguard of such opposition. In order to interpret and explore these movements, this article enlists Amy Gutmann's work as a heuristic device. In so doing, it looks at the ...


Corporate Archives In Silicon Valley: Building And Surviving Amid Constant Change, Paula Jabloner, Anna Mancini May 2020

Corporate Archives In Silicon Valley: Building And Surviving Amid Constant Change, Paula Jabloner, Anna Mancini

Journal of Western Archives

An historical understanding of the phenomenon that is Silicon Valley requires the collection and preservation of original records. With the rapid pace of change in the technology industry, how can archivists and their institutions preserve this corporate history? Two archivists address how they were able to found an archives at Cisco Systems and maintain another at Hewlett-Packard. Two common elements emerged: 1) the formation of a licensed limited company (LLC) as the legal structure for the archival repository, and 2) the use of outsourcing to staff both repositories. Outsourcing via a non-profit, in this case the Computer History Museum, or ...


Promising Practices For Boating Safety Initiatives That Target Indigenous Peoples In New Zealand, Australia, The United States Of America, And Canada, Mitchell Crozier, Audrey R. Giles May 2020

Promising Practices For Boating Safety Initiatives That Target Indigenous Peoples In New Zealand, Australia, The United States Of America, And Canada, Mitchell Crozier, Audrey R. Giles

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Boating-related incidents are responsible for a significant number of the drowning fatalities that occur within Indigenous communities in New Zealand, Australia, the USA, and Canada. The aim of this paper was to identify promising practices for boating safety initiatives that target Indigenous peoples within these countries and evaluate past and ongoing boating safety initiatives delivered to/with Indigenous peoples within these countries to suggest the ways in which they – or programs that follow them - may be more effective. Based upon evidence from previous research, boating safety initiatives that target Indigenous peoples in New Zealand, Australia, the USA, and Canada should ...


Early Nineteenth Century Accounting By An Adolescent Merchant, Laurie J. Henry, Michael E. Bitter May 2020

Early Nineteenth Century Accounting By An Adolescent Merchant, Laurie J. Henry, Michael E. Bitter

Southern Business Review

Laurie J. Henry, PhD, CPA, CGFM, is an associate professor of accounting, in the Department of Accounting, College of Business and Public Administration, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529-0229.

Michael E. Bitter, Ph.D., CPA, is a professor of accounting, in the School of Business Administration, M.E. Rinker, Sr. Institute of Tax and Accountancy, Stetson University, Deland, FL 32723.


How Industrial Relations Informs The Teaching Of Ethics In Human Resource Management, Charles G. Smith, Hugh D. Hindman May 2020

How Industrial Relations Informs The Teaching Of Ethics In Human Resource Management, Charles G. Smith, Hugh D. Hindman

Southern Business Review

Charles G. Smith, Ph.D., is professor of management, in the Department of Business, Accounting, and Economics, Otterbein College, Westerville, OH 43081.

Hugh D. Hindman, Ph.D., is professor of labor & human resources, in the Walker College of Business, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608.


Management Entrenchment In The Market For Corporate Control, Ken C. Yook, George M. Mccabe May 2020

Management Entrenchment In The Market For Corporate Control, Ken C. Yook, George M. Mccabe

Southern Business Review

Ken C.Yook, Ph.D., is associate professor of finance. Department of Finance, The Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC 20036.

George M. McCabe, Ph.D., is professor of finance, Department of Finance, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588.


Southern Business Review Title Page, College Of Business May 2020

Southern Business Review Title Page, College Of Business

Southern Business Review

Southern Business Review Spring 2007 Volume 32 Issue Number 2.


Southern Business Review Issue Cover, Georgia Southern College Of Business May 2020

Southern Business Review Issue Cover, Georgia Southern College Of Business

Southern Business Review

Southern Business Review Spring 2007 Volume 32 Issue 2


It Takes Three To Tango: Revisiting Paradox Management In Art And Culture Organizations, Tamar Sagiv, Orly Yeheskel May 2020

It Takes Three To Tango: Revisiting Paradox Management In Art And Culture Organizations, Tamar Sagiv, Orly Yeheskel

Organizational Aesthetics

The growing interest in creative industries research on the tension between the production of economic value and the production of symbolic value and its application in art and culture management has provided an interesting identification of different dilemmas, but not the practices that CEOs of art and culture organizations use to deal with the dilemmas. Our analysis of in-depth interviews with CEOs of successful, longstanding art and culture organizations in Israel extends theory on art and culture management by highlighting a Three-to Tango management model. According to the CEOs, there are three basic functions that are essential to address the ...


Digital Accessibility In The Hospitality And Tourism Industry: Legal And Ethical Considerations, Debra D. Burke, Kenneth J. Sanney, Dan Clapper May 2020

Digital Accessibility In The Hospitality And Tourism Industry: Legal And Ethical Considerations, Debra D. Burke, Kenneth J. Sanney, Dan Clapper

William & Mary Business Law Review

Federal law requires accessibility for public sector websites. What about the web pages and apps of hotels, restaurants, and tourism providers? The Americans with Disabilities Act may cover private sector websites if they are considered a place of public accommodation, but the law is unclear. This Article will provide an overview of the legal responsibilities of operators to provide accessibility to persons with disabilities, discuss the World Wide Web Consortium’s guidelines for web accessibility, and argue that the hospitality and tourism industry has a unique ethical obligation to fill in the gap where the legal system has failed this ...


Patent And Trademark Resource Center Websites: A Content Analysis, Jared Hoppenfeld May 2020

Patent And Trademark Resource Center Websites: A Content Analysis, Jared Hoppenfeld

Journal of the Patent and Trademark Resource Center Association

Patent and Trademark Resource Centers (PTRCs) serve as an off-site connection to the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Approximately 85 PTRCs exist to assist inventors, entrepreneurs, and researchers by providing facilities, resources, and expertise. Most of these libraries also have a website which, in addition to USPTO webpages, serves as a gateway to the world of patent and trademark research. These websites provide access to various resources while also functioning as an outreach tool to the public.

This study included a content analysis of 79 websites belonging to PTRC libraries. After a literature review of other website studies ...