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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Enhancing Users Involvement In Architectural Design Using Mobile Augmented Reality, Bassam Shouman, Ayman Ahmed Ezzat Othman, Mohamed Marzouk Jul 2021

Enhancing Users Involvement In Architectural Design Using Mobile Augmented Reality, Bassam Shouman, Ayman Ahmed Ezzat Othman, Mohamed Marzouk

Architectural Engineering

Purpose

Mobile augmented reality (MAR) is one of the advanced three-dimensional (3D) representation tools that has been recently utilized in the construction industry. This paper aims to assess a user’s involvement levels through MAR application that has been experimented against traditional involvement techniques through an existing facility, plan re-designing scenario.

Design/methodology/approach

Through reviewing related literature studies in the MAR field, an application has been developed that can superimpose real design alternatives on paper-based markers, allowing for flexible wall positioning, interior and exterior wall material application. As such, an enhanced user involvement experience is created. To measure user ...


Large-Scale Timber Shear Wall Experimentation In An Undergraduate Design Course, Taylor Christian Cardinale, Michael James Deigert, Anahid Behrouzi, John W. Lawson Jul 2021

Large-Scale Timber Shear Wall Experimentation In An Undergraduate Design Course, Taylor Christian Cardinale, Michael James Deigert, Anahid Behrouzi, John W. Lawson

Architectural Engineering

Despite the widespread use of light-frame timber construction in residential building, wood design courses are typically offered to graduate students and focus on member-level calculations for gravity and lateral systems per the National Design Specification (NDS) for Wood Construction. In years prior, the 10-week advanced undergraduate class described in this paper exposed students through a system-level perspective through a group design project of a multistory, mixed-use wood building located in a seismic region. A significant course modification in Fall 2020 involved the two class sections constructing and testing large-scale wood shear walls representing a one-story segment of a wall present ...


Student-Led Summer Diversity Workshops For Built-Environment Majors, Dolores Herrera, Claire Marie Leader, Soham Patel, Anahid Behrouzi Jul 2021

Student-Led Summer Diversity Workshops For Built-Environment Majors, Dolores Herrera, Claire Marie Leader, Soham Patel, Anahid Behrouzi

Architectural Engineering

In response to the instances of racial injustice in Spring 2020, members of the College of Architecture & Environmental Design (CAED) Student Diversity, Equity & Inclusion (SDEI) committee at the authors’ institution developed online summer workshops focused on topics of anti-racism titled the Unlearning Series. This series began with the mission of questioning practices and education in the built environment that are integrated in formal instruction. The goal is to utilize an alternative method of education where participants (students, faculty, staff, and administrators) recognize how their discipline shapes and supports systems of oppression, while giving them tools to combat it.

Before each ...


49 X 49 Glass House, Daisy Penaloza, Emmanuel Corona Navarro, Chengbin Kuang, Blake Durham, Grace Lauer, Augustas Lapinskas Jun 2021

49 X 49 Glass House, Daisy Penaloza, Emmanuel Corona Navarro, Chengbin Kuang, Blake Durham, Grace Lauer, Augustas Lapinskas

Architectural Engineering

This project started with an analysis of the Core House or 50x50 House by Mies van der Rohe and Myron Goldsmith. Through many iterations and obstacles, we arrived at the 49x49 house. We looked into some literary influences that affected the social interpretations of glass, the most notable one being Zamyatin’s “We”. These factors influenced our main design process as we asked ourselves, what can we do with glass? When we were imagining our initial ideas for what would become of our house in the future, we took inspiration from another master’s work, New Babylon by Constant Nieuwenhuys ...


Solar Energy In Relation To Structural Engineering, Rachel Keith Jun 2021

Solar Energy In Relation To Structural Engineering, Rachel Keith

Architectural Engineering

Solar power is increasingly popular among households around the world. However, many people may not understand how solar modules work, system design, factors that affect efficiency, or options for integrating a residential solar system with the existing power grid. This paper addresses all of these.


Analysis Of The Implementation Of Fluid Viscous Dampers In A Steel Special Moment Frame, Brad D. Weber Jun 2021

Analysis Of The Implementation Of Fluid Viscous Dampers In A Steel Special Moment Frame, Brad D. Weber

Architectural Engineering

This report examines the effects of adding fluid viscous dampers to a steel special moment frame through a series of analysis methods. Simple analysis procedures are first carried out and described, including a linear static procedure and a linear dynamic procedure. Then further analysis is carried out using a nonlinear dynamic analysis procedure. Multiple parameters are modified throughout the analysis processes to determine the impact on results and the data from all the analysis methods are compiled and used to demonstrate the overall impact of the use of fluid viscous dampers in a steel special moment frame.


Structural Calculations For Take Heart School In Kenya, David Corona-Perales Jun 2021

Structural Calculations For Take Heart School In Kenya, David Corona-Perales

Architectural Engineering

Take heart is a new organization focused on helping widows with small business opportunities, it has continued to grow over the years and now also provides orphans safe living conditions and education opportunities. This is Take Heart’s first construction project; Take Heart bought a three-acre piece of land in Migori county in Kenya, where a Missionary base school will be built to provide care for orphans and windows. The overall project is a multistep project that when completed will have a primary school( pre k – 8th grade), dormitories , training center, guest house, and a cafeteria that will have a ...


Reconceptualizing Mies' Glass House, Araceli Avelar, Armando Castaneda Jr, Madison Lam, Ignatius Malari, Alejo Favero, Augusta Orlauskaite, Ella Gleason Jun 2021

Reconceptualizing Mies' Glass House, Araceli Avelar, Armando Castaneda Jr, Madison Lam, Ignatius Malari, Alejo Favero, Augusta Orlauskaite, Ella Gleason

Architectural Engineering

Our team used the glass house studio to explore class stratification, particularly using the glass as a reflection of class dichotomy in our society. The glass and Miesian design approach glorifies the clean cut, picture-perfect utopia only accessible to the wealthy few. But reality proves that there is more to this. As architects and engineers, we should strive to create environments that may uphold our values of equity and diversity and ultimately serve all sectors of society.


Journeyman International: Dwell Being Jonestown, Mississippi, Autumn Wagner Jun 2021

Journeyman International: Dwell Being Jonestown, Mississippi, Autumn Wagner

Architectural Engineering

Journeyman International is a non-profit organization that works with countries all over the world to support humanitarian projects by pairing clients with design professionals and volunteers to oversee the design and construction of projects. This specific project partners with Third Lens Ministries and But God Ministries, two organizations that are hoping to empower the community in Jonestown, Mississippi. Dwell Being promotes sustainability and affordable housing in a new housing community in Jonestown that is designed for healthy living and community interaction. Jonestown is a very small 0.4 square acre town that has roots in systemic racism and oppression. A ...


Accessory Dwelling Unit, Nicholas Scalzo Jun 2021

Accessory Dwelling Unit, Nicholas Scalzo

Architectural Engineering

This project goes through the architectural and structural design of a post and beam accessory dwelling unit. In it are basic calculations for the gravity and lateral system as well as unique designs such as cantilevered diaphragms, angled shear walls, and post and beam framing. In it are also structural and architectural Revit drawings and details to go alongside the calculations. This project had all the design done together and had the structure and architecture informing each other and changing throughout the entirety of the project.


The Nolan House, Keiko-Ann K. Sanders, Gilbert C. Munoz, Michael A. Bahr, Titas Kalvalnis Jun 2021

The Nolan House, Keiko-Ann K. Sanders, Gilbert C. Munoz, Michael A. Bahr, Titas Kalvalnis

Architectural Engineering

As a precedent, The Green Team analyzed the history of glass architecture, literature, and culture. Based on our research, we found that glass is often depicted as breakable, delicate, and a way to expose or display aspects that would otherwise be hidden. We challenged ourselves to incorporate safety and privacy into our glass house as a way to combat the pre-existing notions of glass in architecture.


Schematic Structural Design For Center For Centering (C4c), Jonathan Oberempt, Faith Sharp, Samuel Buckman Jun 2021

Schematic Structural Design For Center For Centering (C4c), Jonathan Oberempt, Faith Sharp, Samuel Buckman

Architectural Engineering

The Center for Centering (C4C) is a meditative center for individuals to reflect and discover their own creativity. Based on a spoke and wheel concept, the center integrates social, sensory, environmental, and inductive spaces, allowing for individuals to discover themselves in different settings, while appearing as a striking sculpture conceived in a spiral gesture integrated in the local landscape.

The location for this structure is in Santa Cruz, CA, on Swanton Ranch. The building is built on mostly flat terrain surrounded by sparse trees and an overlooking view of the ocean.

The initial concept for the Center for Centering is ...


An Architectural And Structural Investigation And Reimagination Of The 50x50 Glass House, Andrew Hensen, Ivan Avila, Donatas Krivicius, Sarah Navias, Sevilla Santana, Katherine Sheetz, Michael Storti Jun 2021

An Architectural And Structural Investigation And Reimagination Of The 50x50 Glass House, Andrew Hensen, Ivan Avila, Donatas Krivicius, Sarah Navias, Sevilla Santana, Katherine Sheetz, Michael Storti

Architectural Engineering

No abstract provided.


Structural Calculations For Mbandazi Village, Joshua Scott Shockey Jun 2021

Structural Calculations For Mbandazi Village, Joshua Scott Shockey

Architectural Engineering

The Mbandazi Village project consists of two buildings: the wellness center and the shopping center/housing. The building covered in this design was the shopping center/housing.

Global considerations for this project include the improvement of life in this area of Rwanda. Though my scope of this project was a residential development and an economic center, the whole project also includes a wellness center. Altogether this is an important step to bring a developing nation up to speed as well as bring people together.


Health + Efficiency House: A Take On The 50x50 Glass House, Eva Wieczorek, Krystal Bacon, Kaylee Hernandez, Jennifer Long, Moises De La Cruz, Elle Gallmann, Jurgis Vaišvila Jun 2021

Health + Efficiency House: A Take On The 50x50 Glass House, Eva Wieczorek, Krystal Bacon, Kaylee Hernandez, Jennifer Long, Moises De La Cruz, Elle Gallmann, Jurgis Vaišvila

Architectural Engineering

Under the guidance of Professor Edmond Saliklis and Professor Meredith Sattler, four Architectural Engineering students joined forces with three Architecture students from both Cal Poly and Vilnius Technical University in Lithuania. The portfolio exemplifies a complete reimagination of Mies van der Rohe and Myron Goldsmith's 50x50 Glass House as if it were designed today in Palm Springs, CA. The work completed in this interdisciplinary studio includes historical context, abstract creation, architectural and structural design all relating back to the Glass House.


Take Heart School, Quentin John Porter Jun 2021

Take Heart School, Quentin John Porter

Architectural Engineering

Journeyman International, also known as JI, is a non-profit organization that groups together design and construction students with organizations looking to build humanitarian projects around the world. This pairing is beneficial for both the organization because they get free design and construction expertise, as well as for the students who get real-world experience. The Take Heart School is a planned school and grounds for the region of Migori Kenya. Take Heart Africa is a fair trade store with all profits going to help the impoverished communities of Kenya. The three-acre site will have a school with eight classrooms, offices, a ...


Equilibrium Without Statics: The Modern Müller-Breslau Method, Claudia Rene Zapata-Kraft Jun 2021

Equilibrium Without Statics: The Modern Müller-Breslau Method, Claudia Rene Zapata-Kraft

Architectural Engineering

This senior project is an investigation of the Modern Müller-Breslau Method. The purpose of this senior project was to see how quickly and easily a graduating senior in a structural engineering program could acquaint themselves to the method, as well as create new problems that demonstrate its power in equilibrium without the use of any statics. The focus of this project and paper is determinate structures including beams, axial members, frames, three-hinged arches, and finally three-dimensional trusses. Examples of each type of problem will be shown with explanations along with a reflection on the experience from a student’s perspective ...


Design And Construction Of Modular Concrete Footings And Testing Assembly For Use In Cal Poly's High Bay Laboratory, Thomas Little, Anders Johnson Jun 2021

Design And Construction Of Modular Concrete Footings And Testing Assembly For Use In Cal Poly's High Bay Laboratory, Thomas Little, Anders Johnson

Architectural Engineering

The purpose of this project was to improve the testing capabilities of the ARCE High Bay lab by designing and fabricating a pair of modular concrete footings along with a reusable testing frame capable of testing full-scale steel moment connections.


Steel To Concrete Connections, Dylan Thompson May 2021

Steel To Concrete Connections, Dylan Thompson

Architectural Engineering

This project consists of the design, installation, and implications of steel beam to concrete wall connections. A new, modern single family home in Beverly Hills was the site of the connections. Calculations and details of gravity and drag beams were carried out, communication with the steel fabricator shop and the architect were performed, and a subsequent site visit to view construction methods was completed. Takeaways from the project were the economics of the connections designed, communication within separate disciplines on the site, and visualization of designed elements in the real-world.


The Glass House: An Architectural And Structural Analysis And Reimagining Of Ludwig Meis Van Der Rohe's 50x50 House, Jackson Ernest Blake, William Clay Fry, Andrew Michael Hodge, Gemma Susan Rizzuto Mar 2021

The Glass House: An Architectural And Structural Analysis And Reimagining Of Ludwig Meis Van Der Rohe's 50x50 House, Jackson Ernest Blake, William Clay Fry, Andrew Michael Hodge, Gemma Susan Rizzuto

Architectural Engineering

This portfolio documents the work of four students: Jackson Blake (ARCE), William Fry (ARCH), Andrew Hodge (ARCE), and Gemma Rizzuto (ARCE). It was created for ARCE 415: Interdisciplinary Capstone Project and advised by prof. Edmond Saliklis. The course included a historical and analytical analysis of Ludwig Meis van der Rohe's 50x50 House, which was never constructed. The content of this portfolio primarily consists of a reimagining of Meis van der Rohe's famous concept.


Glass Structures Redesigned - Summit Road Glass House, Destiny Marie Calderon, Alexander Ameri, Jake Baldauf, Joseph Guzman Mar 2021

Glass Structures Redesigned - Summit Road Glass House, Destiny Marie Calderon, Alexander Ameri, Jake Baldauf, Joseph Guzman

Architectural Engineering

During the virtual Winter Quarter of 2021, three Architectural Engineering students teamed up with an Architecture student in a interdisciplinary studio for their senior project. Inspired by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and his contributions towards modern architecture, the team set out to redesign his well known 50x50 Glass House that was never built. They called it the Summit Road Glass House. Keeping true to Mies's vision, structural limitations such as no diagonal bracing, the prevention of walls touching the roof, and the elimination of traditional columns at the corner were considered greatly in terms of gravity and lateral ...


The Ranger Station, James Alexander Whittall, Edgar Francisco Rivera Macias Mar 2021

The Ranger Station, James Alexander Whittall, Edgar Francisco Rivera Macias

Architectural Engineering

ARCE 415 Senior Project. The Ranger Station is a conceptual project inspired by Mies Van der Rohe's 50x50 House. The first part of the project is a fire lookout located in Big Sur, California. The Ranger Station brings together form and function, creating an architecturally unique structure that fulfills the requirements of a fire lookout. Once completed, the lookout structure was reimagined in a dystopic future.


The Glass House, Ricardo Villanueva, Emma Placek, Jacob Keller, Jorge Rios Mar 2021

The Glass House, Ricardo Villanueva, Emma Placek, Jacob Keller, Jorge Rios

Architectural Engineering

A collaboration of Architects and Architectural Engineers to design a unique depiction of the 50x50 Glass House with Miesian Architectural appeal.


Design Out Waste Framework For Achieving Sustainability In Public Housing Projects In Egypt, Ayman Ahmed Ezzat Othman, Laila Elsawaf Jan 2021

Design Out Waste Framework For Achieving Sustainability In Public Housing Projects In Egypt, Ayman Ahmed Ezzat Othman, Laila Elsawaf

Architectural Engineering

Due to the increasing population worldwide, Public housing projects (PHPs) have witnessed a rapid increase during the previous decades. Simultaneously, this generated a substantial amount of waste that represents roughly 40% of the solid waste produced by the construction industry every year. Being one of the significant phases of the construction process, the choices made during the design process play a crucial role towards increasing the solid waste created during the construction phase, which eventually affected the sustainability of the developed projects. This called for considering innovative strategies that reduce construction waste during the design process. This paper aims to ...


The Institute’S Team For Damage Investigations, Lucas A. Laughery, Aishwarya Y. Puranam, Christopher L. Segura Jr., Anahid A. Behrouzi Dec 2020

The Institute’S Team For Damage Investigations, Lucas A. Laughery, Aishwarya Y. Puranam, Christopher L. Segura Jr., Anahid A. Behrouzi

Architectural Engineering

ACI Committee 133, Disaster Reconnaissance, was conceived in the aftermath of the 2010 Chilean Earthquake, an event that affected thousands of structures. That event caused extensive damage to an estimated 50 to 100 mid-rise and high-rise reinforced concrete (RC) buildings, including seven that were damaged beyond repair.1-3 Although ACI has had a strong history of publishing assessments of disasters (refer to textbox: Historical Disasters Examined in ACI Publications), the Institute had no formal mechanism in place to deploy a team to investigate and report on critical lessons to its technical committees and membership. Furthermore, the broadening international reach of ...


Tanzanian Concrete Masonry Walls, Edward J. Kaminski Dec 2020

Tanzanian Concrete Masonry Walls, Edward J. Kaminski

Architectural Engineering

Walls that replicate masonry walls used in Tanzania are constructed and tested. The results from testing was compared with the respective predictions made using code guidelines from ASCE 7 and TMS 402.


Analyzing The Structural Properties Of Fire Clay Bricks After Adding Cigarette Filters, Karim Galal Abdullatif, Marianne N. Guirguis, Rania Rushdy Moussa Oct 2020

Analyzing The Structural Properties Of Fire Clay Bricks After Adding Cigarette Filters, Karim Galal Abdullatif, Marianne N. Guirguis, Rania Rushdy Moussa

Architectural Engineering

Cigarette filters are one of the most littered objects in the world that damage the environment. Incorporation in construction bricks offers the prospect of limiting damage and solves the recyclability problem for a typical non-biodegradable waste. This paper aims to explore that prospect, by adding cigarette filters in the production of two samples of fired clay bricks with the cigarette filters comprising 5% and 10% of the volume. The mixing and molding processes were done manually which had an effect on the bricks when tested, The results of testing were corresponding with those of previous studies (outside Egypt), however, only ...


Guidelines For Implementing Modem: An Open-Source, Matlab-Based Digital Image Correlation Software, Ryan Schwartz Oct 2020

Guidelines For Implementing Modem: An Open-Source, Matlab-Based Digital Image Correlation Software, Ryan Schwartz

Architectural Engineering

MODEM is an open-source, MATLAB-based digital image correlation (DIC) program that was developed at the University of Auckland for small-scale testing of flexible materials. Structural engineering researchers at both the University of Auckland and Cal Poly – San Luis Obispo wanted to expand the uses of the program to study the seismic response of large-scale test specimens. This guide document describes how to implement DIC using MODEM, including the hardware and software needed to run an experiment as well as data collection and post-processing procedures for the program. Additionally, this document includes a case study focusing on a DIC test program ...


Assessment Of Modeling Strategies For Lightly Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls, J. Williams, T. Doan, P. Laursen, Anahid A. Behrouzi Sep 2020

Assessment Of Modeling Strategies For Lightly Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls, J. Williams, T. Doan, P. Laursen, Anahid A. Behrouzi

Architectural Engineering

element detailing, which suggest they are susceptible to brittle, compression-controlled failure modes, and deemed deficient by industry practitioners. Researchers at the California Polytechnic State University [1], San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly), recently tested a slender RC wall with vertical and horizontal reinforcement ratios approaching ACI 318-14 [2] code minimum (ρl= ρh= 0.37%) and no boundary elements. Results from this wall test will be presented and contrasted with a set of lightly reinforced walls, specimens C1-C3 tested by Lu et al. [3] at the University of Auckland, New Zealand, with higher levels of reinforcement (ρl= 0.53%). This paper will ...


Geo-Spatial Analysis Of Reinforced Concrete Building Damage In 2017 Mexico Earthquake, N. Slavin, A. Bravo, A. Datta, Anahid A. Behrouzi Sep 2020

Geo-Spatial Analysis Of Reinforced Concrete Building Damage In 2017 Mexico Earthquake, N. Slavin, A. Bravo, A. Datta, Anahid A. Behrouzi

Architectural Engineering

This paper summarizes analyses of structural damage to reinforced concrete buildings seen after the 2017 Mexico City earthquake. With respect to the 2017 earthquake, the authors are part of a multi-institution National Science Foundation (NSF) RAPID effort that involved several in-field data collection missions yielding a dataset with detailed metadata for nearly 120 buildings. This data has been analyzed in conjunction with a high-density data set of around 1400 buildings from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). The focus of analyses includes identifying correlations between building attributes (age, height, column ratio, design vulnerabilities, etc.) and site attributes (soil zone ...