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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Arclight, Chris Knapp, Andrew Kudless, Jonathan Nelson Jun 2016

Arclight, Chris Knapp, Andrew Kudless, Jonathan Nelson

Chris Knapp

Arclight is a lighting installation put on display as part of the Sydney Vivid festival in 2015. This spatial and atmospheric project brings the quality of architectural inhabitation and visceral experience to an urban festival through a biomimetic proposition emulating dense bundled systems found in the natural environment, such as Australian mangroves or Strangler Fig trees, using parametric tools and digital fabrication processes. The installation serves as a register of the nonhuman environment. Embedded LEDs parse an environmentally driven data set, which provides a dynamic ambient interaction rather than the direct sensing of human actions. The result is an experience ...


Urban Beach Venues: Vulnerability And Sustainability In The Face Of Climate Change, Michael Raybould, David Anning, Liz Fredline, Dan Ware Mar 2016

Urban Beach Venues: Vulnerability And Sustainability In The Face Of Climate Change, Michael Raybould, David Anning, Liz Fredline, Dan Ware

Michael Raybould

This paper investigates the threats to beach venues posed by climate change and attempts to identify strategies that might be adopted by coastal managers and event managers to ensure that beaches continue to be viable event and recreation venues into the future. Analysis of coastal management research, local council records and tender documents, maps and plans of coastal works identifies six specific strategies for minimising the impacts of climate change on beach venues. These strategies aim to protect existing beach venues, increase the supply of alternative venues, minimise the event tourism impacts of negative media coverage of beach erosion events ...


Towards A Pedagogy Of Comparative Visualization In 3d Design Disciplines, James Birt, Jonathan Nelson, Dirk Hovorka Mar 2016

Towards A Pedagogy Of Comparative Visualization In 3d Design Disciplines, James Birt, Jonathan Nelson, Dirk Hovorka

Jonathan J Nelson

Spatial visualization and interpretation are important skills for designers. However, these skills generally require significant experiential development over the course of years. Visualizations allow the human brain to convey complex spatial concepts in intuitive, navigable and manipulable forms improving learner outcomes and perceptions. But often these visualizations are studied as single modality solutions. Dual modality and multimedia presentation studies show positive improvements in learner outcomes but dual modality is often difficult to compare. This paper presents ongoing research in the use of comparative multimodal visualizations produced with emerging technology solutions in 3D Design classrooms. Presented are previous findings from multimedia ...


Cellular Tessellation, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Michael Parsons, Nathan Freeman Mar 2016

Cellular Tessellation, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Michael Parsons, Nathan Freeman

Jonathan J Nelson

Cellular Tessellation is a small yet generous pavilion put on display as part of the Sydney Vivid Light festival in 2014. The project is both spatial and aesthetic, bringing the quality of architectural inhabitation and visceral experience to an urban festival which is typically limited to visual engagement.


Arclight, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Andrew Kudless Mar 2016

Arclight, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Andrew Kudless

Jonathan J Nelson

Arclight is a lighting installation put on display as part of the Sydney Vivid festival in 2015. This spatial and atmospheric project brings the quality of architectural inhabitation and visceral experience to an urban festival through a biomimetic proposition emulating dense bundled systems found in the natural environment, such as Australian mangroves or Strangler Fig trees, using parametric tools and digital fabrication processes. The installation serves as a register of the nonhuman environment. Embedded LEDs parse an environmentally driven data set, which provides a dynamic ambient interaction rather than the direct sensing of human actions. The result is an experience ...


Prototyping Of Composite Structural Envelopes Through Cnc And Robotic Fabrication, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson Mar 2016

Prototyping Of Composite Structural Envelopes Through Cnc And Robotic Fabrication, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson

Jonathan J Nelson

The paper explores the results of a series of practice-based research investigations of full-scale building envelope prototypes generated from parametric design strategies. The work strives to achieve integration of structure and cladding using digital fabrication (CNC and multi-axis robot) techniques. The projects employ a range of sheet materials: principally plywood, plastics, and aluminium composite panels; and integrated architectural lighting and daylighting. Two key projects are discussed in detail: habitable pavilions which allow for investigation of fabrication, assembly, structural capacity, durability, and transport. Each project sets the goal of achieving doublecurvature, load-bearing surfaces. This is explored through either panelisation or tessellation ...


Arclight, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Andrew Kudless Mar 2016

Arclight, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Andrew Kudless

Chris Knapp

Arclight is a lighting installation put on display as part of the Sydney Vivid festival in 2015. This spatial and atmospheric project brings the quality of architectural inhabitation and visceral experience to an urban festival through a biomimetic proposition emulating dense bundled systems found in the natural environment, such as Australian mangroves or Strangler Fig trees, using parametric tools and digital fabrication processes. The installation serves as a register of the nonhuman environment. Embedded LEDs parse an environmentally driven data set, which provides a dynamic ambient interaction rather than the direct sensing of human actions. The result is an experience ...


2015 Sustainability Report [Western Kentucky University], Wku Office Of Sustainability, Christian Ryan-Downing Feb 2016

2015 Sustainability Report [Western Kentucky University], Wku Office Of Sustainability, Christian Ryan-Downing

Christian Ryan

2015 was a great year for WKU Sustainability, marked by significant new initiatives, special recognitions, and continued progress in advancing sustainability in the way Hilltoppers live, learn, and work. This report highlights the sustainability accomplishments of WKU students, faculty, staff, the Office of Sustainability, and the campus community in 2015.


2012 Sustainability Report [Western Kentucky University], Christian Ryan-Downing, Wku Office Of Sustainability Feb 2016

2012 Sustainability Report [Western Kentucky University], Christian Ryan-Downing, Wku Office Of Sustainability

Christian Ryan

The Office of Sustainability has occupied the house at 503 Regents for approximately four months. The space is used to house the Big Red Bikes mechanic shop and program, and other programs and activities. Eight students work in the Office of Sustainability in various roles including bike mechanic, student assistant, four PowerSave Interns, a student “handy-man” who works on various physical improvements, and a student that is completing his Honors Thesis on the project. Much of the past four months have been spent setting up the bike shop, painting, installation of walkway and way finding sign, and otherwise improving the ...


2013 Sustainability Report [Western Kentucky University], Wku Office Of Sustainability, Christian Ryan-Downing Feb 2016

2013 Sustainability Report [Western Kentucky University], Wku Office Of Sustainability, Christian Ryan-Downing

Christian Ryan

No abstract provided.


2014 Sustainability Report [Western Kentucky University], Wku Office Of Sustainability, Christian Ryan-Downing Feb 2016

2014 Sustainability Report [Western Kentucky University], Wku Office Of Sustainability, Christian Ryan-Downing

Christian Ryan

No abstract provided.


Resolution Of Complex Composite Envelopes Through Generative Computation And Digital Fabrication, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson Feb 2016

Resolution Of Complex Composite Envelopes Through Generative Computation And Digital Fabrication, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson

Chris Knapp

This paper documents and critically reflects upon the design, development, fabrication, and implementation of an experimental pavilion project developed during 2013-2014 for a site in Sydney, Australia. The core investigation embodied by this work is the refinement of techniques to computationally design and fabricate integrated structure and skin envelopes through a file-to-fabrication process, culminating in the production of doubly curved project geometry via panelized construction. The principal activity of the research is aimed at refining methods for software-based exploration of formal complexities and the subsequent need to control variability and efficiency in fabrication output, using Grasshopper for Rhino to develop ...


Prototyping Of Composite Structural Envelopes Through Cnc And Robotic Fabrication, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson Feb 2016

Prototyping Of Composite Structural Envelopes Through Cnc And Robotic Fabrication, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson

Chris Knapp

The paper explores the results of a series of practice-based research investigations of full-scale building envelope prototypes generated from parametric design strategies. The work strives to achieve integration of structure and cladding using digital fabrication (CNC and multi-axis robot) techniques. The projects employ a range of sheet materials: principally plywood, plastics, and aluminium composite panels; and integrated architectural lighting and daylighting. Two key projects are discussed in detail: habitable pavilions which allow for investigation of fabrication, assembly, structural capacity, durability, and transport. Each project sets the goal of achieving doublecurvature, load-bearing surfaces. This is explored through either panelisation or tessellation ...


Better Infrastructure Procurement For Public Private Partnerships: An Australian Perspective, Michael Regan, Jim Smith, Peter Love Feb 2016

Better Infrastructure Procurement For Public Private Partnerships: An Australian Perspective, Michael Regan, Jim Smith, Peter Love

Michael Regan

Public private partnerships (PPP) are a method for the delivery of social and economic infrastructure services in over 80 countries worldwide. PPPs are a contractual arrangement between public and private entities through which the skills, assets and/or financial resources of both sectors are allocated in such a manner that provides optimal service delivery and good value to society. Central to the operation of public private partnerships is the systematic evaluation of the procurement options available to government, an output specification to encourage private design, risk transfer, construction and operational innovation, the detailed analysis of projects over their operational lifecycle ...


Quantity Surveyors Without Borders - Providing Cost Advice In A Global Construction Market, Rick Best Jan 2016

Quantity Surveyors Without Borders - Providing Cost Advice In A Global Construction Market, Rick Best

Rick Best

Providing sound advice on construction costs across national boundaries requires special care. It is seldom sufficient to look up a suitable cost/m2 rate in a price book and then apply the current exchange rate. There are three main issues here: one relates to the reliability of the price data, another to differences in design in different places and the third to the method used to bring costs in different currencies to a common base. Different sources of cost data can suggest very different rates and money market exchange rates provide nothing more than a snapshot of relative prices at ...


Measuring Construction: Prices, Output And Productivity, Rick Best, Jim Meikle Sep 2015

Measuring Construction: Prices, Output And Productivity, Rick Best, Jim Meikle

Rick Best

Despite the size, complexity and importance of the construction industry, there has been little study to date which focuses on the challenge of drawing reliable conclusions from the available data. The accuracy of industry reports has an impact on government policy, the direction and outcomes of research and the practices of construction firms, so confusion in this area can have far reaching consequences. In response to this, Measuring Construction looks at fundamental economic theories and concepts with respect to the construction industry, and explains the merits and shortcomings, sometimes by looking at real life examples.


The International Comparison Program And Purchasing Power Parities For Construction, Rick Best, Jim Meikle Sep 2015

The International Comparison Program And Purchasing Power Parities For Construction, Rick Best, Jim Meikle

Rick Best

Extract: It is not uncommon to hear or read statements that suggest that people in some countries are living on just a couple dollars a day. "How can they survive?" we ask ourselves. The answer is that price levels are different between countries, and that is very much the case between wealthy industrialized nations and poorer developing countries. If one earns five local dollars a day and it costs only two to live, then survival at least is possible. The inconsistency lies in the use of money market exchange rates to convert amounts of money to the same currency and ...


Setting The Scene, Jim Meikle, Rick Best Sep 2015

Setting The Scene, Jim Meikle, Rick Best

Rick Best

Extract: Peter Drucker, a prolific writer on various aspects of management, is often erroneously cited as the originator of the phrase, "If you can't measure it, you can't manage it". Exactly where the phrase came from is unknown, but the idea remains valid. Measuring construction in the sense of measuring quantities of building work is a well-established technical process carried out routinely by quantity surveyors and estimators, and in many places there are agreed-upon rules and procedures that are used for such work. Measuring construction industries or parts of those industries is another matter. While there must have ...


International Construction Cost Comparisons, Rick Best, Jim Meikle Sep 2015

International Construction Cost Comparisons, Rick Best, Jim Meikle

Rick Best

Extract: Comparisons of the cost of construction across national boundaries have been routinely undertaken for many years for a variety of purposes. For clients, the reason may be as simple as wanting to know how much it will cost them in their own national currency to build a facility in another country; for governments and other agencies, it may be about how competitive their industry is in a global marketplace. For example, in 1949, a UK group, the Building Industry Productivity Team, visited the US (Anglo-American Council on Productivity 1950). A primary purpose of the visit was to compare the ...


Grey Forecasting Of Construction Demand In Hong Kong Over The Next Ten Years, Yongtao Tan, Craig Langston, Min Wu, Jorge Ochoa Sep 2015

Grey Forecasting Of Construction Demand In Hong Kong Over The Next Ten Years, Yongtao Tan, Craig Langston, Min Wu, Jorge Ochoa

Craig Langston

The Hong Kong construction industry since 1997 has experienced a difficult time in regard to construction output until recently. The future of the local construction industry remains uncertain. Forecasting of future development would be attractive to parties in the industry. Based on past data of the local construction industry, a grey forecasting model is developed to predict the annual growth of construction demand for Hong Kong over the next ten years. With the implementation of ten large infrastructure projects and further collaboration with the Pearl River Delta region, there will be many potential opportunities for the local industry, especially in ...


Cellular Tessellation, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Michael Parsons, Nathan Freeman Aug 2015

Cellular Tessellation, Chris Knapp, Jonathan Nelson, Michael Parsons, Nathan Freeman

Chris Knapp

Cellular Tessellation is a small yet generous pavilion put on display as part of the Sydney Vivid Light festival in 2014. The project is both spatial and aesthetic, bringing the quality of architectural inhabitation and visceral experience to an urban festival which is typically limited to visual engagement.


Planning For The Gold Coast: Processes, Challenges And Opportunities, Bhishna Bajracharya, Linda Too, Daniel O'Hare, Isara Khanjanasthiti Aug 2015

Planning For The Gold Coast: Processes, Challenges And Opportunities, Bhishna Bajracharya, Linda Too, Daniel O'Hare, Isara Khanjanasthiti

Bhishna Bajracharya

Extract: This chapter provides a broad overview of the Gold Coast from an urban planning perspective. What are the social and physical structures of the city? How has the city developed over time? What are some of the key planning challenges and opportunities the Gold Coast is facing? To answer these questions, the chapter provides a brief social profile of the city and examines its current land use patterns and urban form. It then discusses the planning processes and the role of key stakeholders in development of the city. Next, key current planning initiatives for the Gold Coast are outlined ...


Planning For The Gold Coast: Processes, Challenges And Opportunities, Bhishna Bajracharya, Linda Too, Daniel O'Hare, Isara Khanjanasthiti Aug 2015

Planning For The Gold Coast: Processes, Challenges And Opportunities, Bhishna Bajracharya, Linda Too, Daniel O'Hare, Isara Khanjanasthiti

Daniel O'Hare

Extract: This chapter provides a broad overview of the Gold Coast from an urban planning perspective. What are the social and physical structures of the city? How has the city developed over time? What are some of the key planning challenges and opportunities the Gold Coast is facing? To answer these questions, the chapter provides a brief social profile of the city and examines its current land use patterns and urban form. It then discusses the planning processes and the role of key stakeholders in development of the city. Next, key current planning initiatives for the Gold Coast are outlined ...


The Pink Poodle, Swimming Pavilions And Miami Ice, Lynne Armitage, Shelley Burgin Aug 2015

The Pink Poodle, Swimming Pavilions And Miami Ice, Lynne Armitage, Shelley Burgin

Lynne Armitage

Extract: The 3 km of golden beach that lap the shores of Surfers Paradise have become synonymous with urban beaches worldwide. Its name was invented, in a stroke of marketing genius, by Jim Cavill who proposed the name 'Surfers Paradise' and pipped the previous preferred title of'Sea Glint' for this beachside hideaway. Jim Cavill also built the first hotel in Surfers Paradise, in 1933, and subsequently his Surfers Paradise Zoo. However, it was not until the late 1950s and through the 1960s that the ribbon development of the Gold Coast increased rapidly. Many motels, guesthouses and holiday homes were ...


Internationalization Of The Construction Industry, Weisheng Lu, Huan Yang, Craig Langston Jul 2015

Internationalization Of The Construction Industry, Weisheng Lu, Huan Yang, Craig Langston

Craig Langston

Extract: With the globalization of the world economy, today’s construction business is fast becoming an internationally interdependent marketplace. Construction yields on the order of USD4.6 trillion annually and contributed 6.6% to the global gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011 (Davis Langdon 2012). A significant part of that total is attributable to international contractors. With the rise of modern industrialized countries, more and more complex civil engineering projects are being procured, and the increased scale of these projects has provided a launching pad for international construction. For instance, data published by Engineering New-Record (ENR) shows that ENR’s ...


Performance Measures For Construction, Craig Langston Jul 2015

Performance Measures For Construction, Craig Langston

Craig Langston

Extract: The global construction industry is highly competitive, fragmented and cyclical and frequently operates on low margins (Loosemore 2003). Yet construction accounts for a significant portion of economic activity and is a catalyst for many other sectors. The industry is also labour intensive and project specific and involves team relationships that form and disband on a regular basis. It is not surprising, therefore, that construction performance and reform have dominated research within the industry for more than 50 years.


Refining The Citibloc Index, Craig Langston Jul 2015

Refining The Citibloc Index, Craig Langston

Craig Langston

Extract: The previous chapter investigated the performance of selected high-rise construction projects completed between 2003 and 2012 in the five largest cities in Australia and the United States. Part of this research required the conversion of cost data into a comparable form. Cost conversion is critical to international performance comparisons. A reliable method for doing this is necessary. Purchasing power parity (PPP) is generally accepted as the appropriate philosophy, but there are a number of detailed approaches for determining indices. Which one should be used? How can we be sure that cost conversion using currency exchange rates is unreliable? How ...


Pedagogical Examination Of An Award-Winning Instructor’S Studio Teaching, Ji Young Cho Jun 2015

Pedagogical Examination Of An Award-Winning Instructor’S Studio Teaching, Ji Young Cho

Ji Young Cho

Design studio, as a core of architectural education, has been a significant topic for research in the field of architecture. However, there is little research on teachers and their pedagogical approach to teaching, such as what constitutes excellent teaching in the design studio. This may be due to the complexity of the study topic and a rigorous research procedure. Since the day-to-day education does not allow for immediate responses, it is difficult to find out which strategies, tactics, and techniques impact students’ learning and advancement without being in the studio context for a sufficient period of time. This paper attempts ...


Understanding Furniture Design Choices Using A 3d Virtual Showroom, So-Yeon Yoon, Hyunjoo Oh, Ji Young Cho Jun 2015

Understanding Furniture Design Choices Using A 3d Virtual Showroom, So-Yeon Yoon, Hyunjoo Oh, Ji Young Cho

Ji Young Cho

This study is a Web-based investigation that utilizes virtual reality technology to understand the factors considered for residential furniture purchase and furniture style preference. In residential interior design, furniture has significant financial and symbolic meaning. From a broader perspective, residential furniture is important to the domestic furniture industry as well as to woodworking and textile markets. Despite this importance, little is known about how consumers make residential furniture choices and what designs or styles are preferred. The purpose of this study is to understand the most important factors involved in choosing living room furniture and to identify preferences for furniture ...


Emotional Responses To Color Environments: An Experimental Study On Young And Older Adults Using A Ssemi-Immersive Virtual Environment, So-Yeon Yoon, Ji Young Cho Jun 2015

Emotional Responses To Color Environments: An Experimental Study On Young And Older Adults Using A Ssemi-Immersive Virtual Environment, So-Yeon Yoon, Ji Young Cho

Ji Young Cho

Color in our environment is known to bring emotional, social, and physiological reactions to people. This study is about young and older adults' emotional responses to color environments using a semi immersive virtual environment. As a theoretical framework, this study explores Japanese psychologist Kobayashi's color image scale with real-scale, high-fidelity computer simulations. There are three goals of this study: (a) to test universal applicability of Kobayashi's color image scale theory in western country; (B) to understand similarities and differences of emotional responses to color environment between young and older adults group; (C) to provide a practical framework for ...