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Making History Visible: Ireland’S National Famine Way Told Through Models And Interactive Digital Narratives, E. Moore Quinn Dec 2022

Making History Visible: Ireland’S National Famine Way Told Through Models And Interactive Digital Narratives, E. Moore Quinn

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

The National Famine Way is a trail along Ireland’s Royal Canal that traces the remarkable trek of the 1,490 tenants who were evicted by their landlord, Denis Mahon, from his estate in Strokestown, County Roscommon, in the Republic of Ireland, during ‘Black ’47,’ the worst year of the Great Irish Famine (Irish: An Gorta Mór, the Great Hunger of 1847). The evictees were ‘escorted’ from their homes to vessels that awaited them in Dublin. They were then taken to Liverpool, where they were placed on four so-called ‘coffin ships’ bound for Canada. The path along the Royal Canal is 165 …


Editorial: Pilgrimage As A Multi-Faceted Diamond, Ian S. Mcintosh, Dane Munro Km, Chadwick Co Sy Su Dec 2022

Editorial: Pilgrimage As A Multi-Faceted Diamond, Ian S. Mcintosh, Dane Munro Km, Chadwick Co Sy Su

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

No abstract provided.


A Deep Learning-Based Model For Plant Lesion Segmentation, Subtype Identification, And Survival Probability Estimation, Muhammad Shoaib, Babar Shah, Tariq Hussain, Akhtar Ali, Asad Ullah, Fayadh Alenezi, Tsanko Gechev, Farman Ali, Ikram Syed Dec 2022

A Deep Learning-Based Model For Plant Lesion Segmentation, Subtype Identification, And Survival Probability Estimation, Muhammad Shoaib, Babar Shah, Tariq Hussain, Akhtar Ali, Asad Ullah, Fayadh Alenezi, Tsanko Gechev, Farman Ali, Ikram Syed

All Works

Plants are the primary source of food for world’s population. Diseases in plants can cause yield loss, which can be mitigated by continual monitoring. Monitoring plant diseases manually is difficult and prone to errors. Using computer vision and artificial intelligence (AI) for the early identification of plant illnesses can prevent the negative consequences of diseases at the very beginning and overcome the limitations of continuous manual monitoring. The research focuses on the development of an automatic system capable of performing the segmentation of leaf lesions and the detection of disease without requiring human intervention. To get lesion region segmentation, we …


Volume Cxlii, Number 1, September 23, 2022, Lawrence University Sep 2022

Volume Cxlii, Number 1, September 23, 2022, Lawrence University

The Lawrentian

No abstract provided.


Anxiety Of Struggling Readers And Excelling Readers During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Chelsey Taylor Lemmon Jun 2022

Anxiety Of Struggling Readers And Excelling Readers During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Chelsey Taylor Lemmon

Theses and Dissertations

Anxiety is the most reported negative emotion in the academic setting. One of the specific forms of anxiety that children can experience is reading anxiety (RA). Children who experience RA are often at risk for reading failure; likewise, children who experience reading failure are likely to experience RA. Children who excel at reading can also experience anxiety, often in the form of harm avoidance. Bibliotherapy has been shown to help to mitigate the effects of specific types of anxiety in children. The purpose of this study was to understand the anxiety of children who excel at reading and children at …


Irish Farmhouse Cheese: A New Food Tradition Born Of Many Movements, Molly Garvey May 2022

Irish Farmhouse Cheese: A New Food Tradition Born Of Many Movements, Molly Garvey

Dublin Gastronomy Symposium

Irish Farmhouse cheeses first appeared in the late 1970s, initially through restaurants and local shops (Milleens 2022, CAIS 2022). The growth of the number of farmhouse cheesemakers in Ireland from then until now, almost 50 fifty years later, results from movements of people, ideas, tastes and markets.

This paper explores what movements shaped Irish farmhouse cheeses and what motivated farmhouse cheesemakers in Ireland to start and to sustain a business. Through a case study, it is learnt that EU accession is core to the development of Irish farmhouse cheeses and that their makers are diverse in motivation, as well as …


Book Reviews, Florida Historical Society May 2022

Book Reviews, Florida Historical Society

Florida Historical Quarterly

Balsera and May, eds., La Florida: Five Hundred Years of Hispanic Presence. by Erin W. Stone; Little, The Origins of Southern Evangelicalism: Religious Revivalism in the South Carolina Lowcountry, 1670-1760. by Edward Bond; Murray, The Charleston Orphan House: Children's Lives in the First Public Orphanage in America. by Monique Bourque; Gleeson, The Green and the Gray: The Irish in the Confederate States of America. by Ian Delahanty; Harris and Berry, eds., Slavery and Freedom in Savannah. by Michael Benjamin; Monroe, Mary Ann Carroll, First Lady of the Highwaymen. by Paul S. George; Dorsey, Fourth Down in Dunbar. by Richard C. …


The Evolution Of Frederick Douglass’ Slavery Debate: An Examination Of His Rhetoric, Jacquelyn Torres May 2022

The Evolution Of Frederick Douglass’ Slavery Debate: An Examination Of His Rhetoric, Jacquelyn Torres

Political Science & International Studies | Senior Theses

From leading the Abolitionist movement to holding a lecture tour abroad, Frederick Douglass is well known for championing racial justice and leaving a legacy of exposing the evils of slavery. Scholars have primarily focused on Douglass’ actions as an abolitionist but not on the evolution of his thinking about slavery. While Douglass’ actions, such as in the Abolitionist movement, are discussed in-depth amongst academic circles, there is oversight regarding looking at his arguments about slavery. Douglass’ rhetoric was impacted by his experiences traveling abroad when he gave lectures in the British Isles between 1845-1847. This thesis examines speeches given by …


The Failure Of Religious Conversion: Mormon Missionaries In Ireland Between 1850 And 1870, Hadleigh F. Weber Apr 2022

The Failure Of Religious Conversion: Mormon Missionaries In Ireland Between 1850 And 1870, Hadleigh F. Weber

Student Research Projects

Ireland in 1850 was full of empty potato fields and people that were closer to death than their next meal. The country was in the throes of one of the worst famines in history. The Irish Potato Famine decreased the population of Ireland by 20-25% between 1845 and 1851. Despite the bleak time in the country's history, missionaries of different religions continued to flock to Ireland in hopes of converting the dwindling population. Missionaries were almost always met with resistance from both the largely Catholic population and the minority Protestant population. These denominations had a long history of conflict with …


Systemic Stress In Mid-Century American Military Service Members: The Impact Of Socioeconomic Status And Military Service Length On The Human Skeleton, Brianna L. Petersen Apr 2022

Systemic Stress In Mid-Century American Military Service Members: The Impact Of Socioeconomic Status And Military Service Length On The Human Skeleton, Brianna L. Petersen

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to identify how socioeconomic status (SES) and, separately, length of military service, may affect the human skeleton. Specifically, this study considers non-specific indicators of skeletal stress such as periosteal reactions, enamel defects, and skeletal porosity in a sample of World War II decedents. The Exact Logistic Regression test was used to examine the possible association between military service length and the presence of skeletal porosity and periosteal reaction, and Fisher’s Exact Test of Independence was used to evaluate the relationship between SES and presence of enamel defects, skeletal porosity, and periosteal reaction. In total, …


Examining The Influence Of Religious Attitudes, Acceptance Of Change, And Cultural Mistrust On The Utilization Of Therapy For African American Male College Students Utilizing Therapy, Jessica Miranda Shine Feb 2022

Examining The Influence Of Religious Attitudes, Acceptance Of Change, And Cultural Mistrust On The Utilization Of Therapy For African American Male College Students Utilizing Therapy, Jessica Miranda Shine

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Cultural mistrust and fear of potential racism from people in the medical profession may be contributing to a noted disdain for mental health counseling among African American men. The purpose of this study was designed to gain insight into how attitudes toward religious help-seeking, acceptance of change, cultural mistrust, and mental health stigma impact therapy utilization among African American male college students. The review of literature explored the theoretical frameworks followed by the historical perspective, epigenetics, family structure, masculinity concept and help-seeking behaviors, noting barriers, fear, stigmas, spiritual influence, and economic hardships. Acceptance of change-evolving action is not currently endorsed …


Irish Potato Famine: 1845-51, George Brown Iii Jan 2022

Irish Potato Famine: 1845-51, George Brown Iii

The Exposition

No abstract provided.


Airborne Fungal Spore Review, New Advances And Automatisation, Moisés Martínez-Bracero, Emma Markey, Jerry Hourihane Clancy, Eoin Mcgillicuddy, Gavin Sewell, David J. O'Connor Jan 2022

Airborne Fungal Spore Review, New Advances And Automatisation, Moisés Martínez-Bracero, Emma Markey, Jerry Hourihane Clancy, Eoin Mcgillicuddy, Gavin Sewell, David J. O'Connor

Articles

Fungal spores make up a significant portion of Primary Biological Aerosol Particles (PBAPs) with large quantities of such particles noted in the air. Fungal particles are of interest because of their potential to affect the health of both plants and humans. They are omnipresent in the atmosphere year-round, with concentrations varying due to meteorological parameters and location. Equally, differences between indoor and outdoor fungal spore concentrations and dispersal play an important role in occupational health. This review attempts to summarise the different spore sampling methods, identify the most important spore types in terms of negative effects on crops and the …


Miserable Comforts Or Concrete Protections: Human Rights Conventions, Treaties, Declarations, And The Rights Of Indigenous/Othered Communities—Quo Vadis?, Emeziem, Cosmas Jan 2022

Miserable Comforts Or Concrete Protections: Human Rights Conventions, Treaties, Declarations, And The Rights Of Indigenous/Othered Communities—Quo Vadis?, Emeziem, Cosmas

Santa Clara Journal of International Law

It has become an annual ritual for the world—especially through the United Nations (UN)—to organize events and activities celebrating Indigenous Peoples.1 Further to this disposition, the UN has adopted a Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.2 Equally, it is now fashionable, to include the needs, and questions, affecting indigenous peoples in our development programs and climate action activities—albeit sometimes as an addendum to the mainstream policies.3 The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the current prominence of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI), and decolonialization language in international policy briefs, give further credence to this apparent commitment to the rights of …


Acute Induced Scurvy: Implications For Covid-19 And The Cytokine Storm, Chawki Belhadi Nov 2021

Acute Induced Scurvy: Implications For Covid-19 And The Cytokine Storm, Chawki Belhadi

Field Notes: A Journal of Collegiate Anthropology

Using an evolutionary genetic disease model, this review considers Vitamin C (VC) and its potential for treating COVID-19 (CV-19). The model’s validity rests on VC’s potent antioxidant property and the mutation sustained by the primate ancestor (est.) 61 MYA that left humans unable to produce VC. The result is humans cannot -by diet or oral supplementation- achieve plasma VC concentrations typical of vitamin C synthesizers. This may leave humans chronically vulnerable to infectious disease (hypoascorbemia). VC deficiency can become more acute during severe disease (anascorbemia) and, because of the relationship between disease severity and oxidative stress, can intensify the oxidative …


‘Gilded Gravel In The Bowl’: Ireland’S Cuisine And Culinary Heritage In The Poetry Of Seamus Heaney, Anke Klitzing Aug 2021

‘Gilded Gravel In The Bowl’: Ireland’S Cuisine And Culinary Heritage In The Poetry Of Seamus Heaney, Anke Klitzing

Articles

Seamus Heaney’s poetry is rich in detail about agricultural and food practices in his native Northern Ireland from the 1950s onwards, such as cattle-trading, butter-churning, eel-fishing, blackberry-picking or home-baking. Often studied from an ecocritical perspective, the abundance of agricultural and culinary scenes in Heaney’s work makes a gastrocritical focus on food and foodways suitable. Food has been recognized as a highly condensed social fact, and writers have long tapped into its multi-layered meanings to illuminate socio-cultural circumstances, making literature a valuable ethnographic source. A gastrocritical reading of Heaney’s work from 1966 to 2010, drawing on Rozin’s Structure of Cuisine, shows …


"As Vigilant As Argus": A Military History Of The Irish And Tejano Tories Of The Texas Revolution, Jonathan Woodward Jul 2021

"As Vigilant As Argus": A Military History Of The Irish And Tejano Tories Of The Texas Revolution, Jonathan Woodward

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis analyzes the Irish and Tejano Tories of the Texas Revolution from a military perspective. Emphasizing ideas of historical tradition and heritage, this work examines the Tories as continuations of the Wild Geese, soldados de cuera, and compañías volantes. This is done through an examination of Irish and Tejano Tory motivation in supporting Mexico and military participation in the Texas Revolution. This work also examines ideas of economic opportunity, social acceptance, personal conservatism, distrust of foreign settlement, and fear of invasion or reprisal as factors in Toryism or loyalism. Militarily, this thesis examines Tory military roles alongside Mexican forces …


James Mahony (C.1816-1859): The Illustrated London News, Niamh Ann Kelly Jul 2021

James Mahony (C.1816-1859): The Illustrated London News, Niamh Ann Kelly

Books/Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Food And The Irish Short Story Imagination, Anke Klitzing Jul 2021

Food And The Irish Short Story Imagination, Anke Klitzing

Articles

Short fiction is a format heartily embraced by the Irish literary imagination since the nineteenth century. This paper takes a gastrocritical approach to investigate the role of food in selected stories from the recently published anthology The Art of the Glimpse (2020). It shows that through the years, food and foodways have been valuable tools for Irish writers, providing setting and context, themes and symbols, plot points, conflicts, characterisation, as well as the quintessential epiphanies.


Stories To Be Told: A Literature Review Of Therapeutic Performance Theatre And Historic Trauma In Ireland, Lauren Hammes May 2021

Stories To Be Told: A Literature Review Of Therapeutic Performance Theatre And Historic Trauma In Ireland, Lauren Hammes

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

As research regarding the effects of trauma has expanded, particularly the effects of intergenerational trauma and historic trauma, there has been growing examples as to how drama therapy can be used to help individuals and groups address and start healing from the effects of such traumas (Volkas, 2009; Sajnani, 2009). A component of drama therapy is autobiographical performance theatre, and is defined as a form of therapeutic theatre that specifically draws on an individual’s story to create an original performance piece. This paper will examine the use of autobiographical performance theatre and how it can be a helpful intervention to …


Session 1: Panel 1: Presenter 1 (Paper) -- “To Hell Or Connaught:” How British Colonizers Both Caused And Benefitted From The Irish Potato Famine, Ruby Lewis May 2021

Session 1: Panel 1: Presenter 1 (Paper) -- “To Hell Or Connaught:” How British Colonizers Both Caused And Benefitted From The Irish Potato Famine, Ruby Lewis

Young Historians Conference

The Irish potato famine is well-known for the suffering and death it inflicted upon the masses of Irish peasantry between 1845 and 1848. The famine is often remembered and mourned as the tragic but unavoidable result of natural circumstances, and the blight that swept through the potato crop year after year is attributed as the sole cause of starvation. This misrepresentation of the famine’s history ignores the role of the British colonizer state in establishing conditions in Ireland that led to famine and exacerbating the suffering of the Irish through neglect. This paper explores the role of the British colonial …


Immigration After The Great Famine: A Case Study Of The Passengers Of The S.S. Canadian, Erin Kelly May 2021

Immigration After The Great Famine: A Case Study Of The Passengers Of The S.S. Canadian, Erin Kelly

Masters Theses, 2020-current

From 1879 to 1881 Western Ireland suffered a famine that left one million people in a state of destitution. To assist the starving, impoverished farming communities that were scattered across the region English Quaker and philanthropist James Hack Tuke successfully pitched the Tuke Emigration Scheme to the UK government in 1882, lasting through 1884. While historians of Irish immigration have recently begun to research famines other than the Great Famine, very few have delved more deeply into this particular scheme. Of those who have, including Christine Kinnealy and Gerard Moran, analysis has been limited to the perspective of Ireland and …


A Comparative Analysis Of Bohemian And Irish Immigration During The Antebellum Period, Emily Suchan Apr 2021

A Comparative Analysis Of Bohemian And Irish Immigration During The Antebellum Period, Emily Suchan

Honors Projects

Compare and Contrast the immigration experience of an Irish and Bohemian (Czech) immigrant. This essay describes the history of both regions and analyzes the political and economic stressors for immigration during the second half of the nineteenth century. This essay specifically follows the Irish Famine immigrants and the Czechs who settled in Cleveland, OH


An Interdisciplinary Approach To Historic Diet And Foodways: The Foodcult Project, Susan Flavin, Meriel Mcclatchie, Janet Montgomery, Fiona Beglane, Julie Dunne, Ellen Ocarroll, Andrew Parnell Feb 2021

An Interdisciplinary Approach To Historic Diet And Foodways: The Foodcult Project, Susan Flavin, Meriel Mcclatchie, Janet Montgomery, Fiona Beglane, Julie Dunne, Ellen Ocarroll, Andrew Parnell

European Journal of Food Drink and Society

This research note introduces the methodology of the FoodCult Project, with the aim of stimulating discussion regarding the interdisciplinary potential for historical food studies. The project represents the first major attempt to establish both the fundamentals of everyday diet, and the cultural ‘meaning’ of food and drink in early modern Ireland, c 1550-1650. This was a period of major economic development, unprecedented intercultural contact, but also of conquest, colonisation and war, and the study focusses on Ireland as a case-study for understanding the role of food in a complex society. Moving beyond the colonial narrative of Irish social and economic …


The “Majestic Equality” Of The Law: Conservatism, Radicalism, And Reform Of The Civil Courts In Upper Canada, 1841-1853, William N. T. Wylie Jan 2021

The “Majestic Equality” Of The Law: Conservatism, Radicalism, And Reform Of The Civil Courts In Upper Canada, 1841-1853, William N. T. Wylie

Osgoode Hall Law Journal

The mid-nineteenth century was an age of reform in the civil courts of the common-law world. Why, in spite of the clamour for change within Upper Canada and the introduction of reforms in adjacent common-law jurisdictions, were Upper Canada’s leading lawyers and politicians so reluctant to act? The answer is found in the conservatism of the province’s leaders, which stemmed not only from the legal training of the lawyers, but also from the moderate conservative ideology of the Upper Canadian leadership as a whole. At an almost unprecedented time of public debate, when resentment to lawyers and the courts was …


Changing Attitudes Toward Irish Canadians: The Impact Of The 1847 Famine Influx In The Province Of Canada, Cian Mceneaney Jan 2021

Changing Attitudes Toward Irish Canadians: The Impact Of The 1847 Famine Influx In The Province Of Canada, Cian Mceneaney

Undergraduate Review

Throughout the nineteenth century, Canada regularly received Irish immigrants who became a tolerated and important part of Canadian society. However, between 1845 and 1852, Ireland endured a dreadful famine which saw more than two million Irish paupers emigrate, with their destinations varying across the world. A large portion of Irish famine immigrants travelled to the comparatively empty British North American colony in Canada, passing almost entirely through Quebec. Canadians at first welcomed the idea of large numbers of immigrants to help expand the western frontier, but with a massive exodus of Irish paupers fleeing Ireland in 1847, what arrived in …


The Impact Of Forced Migration On The Antebellum Enslaved Family On The Cotton Frontier, Micki Yvonne Kaleta Jan 2021

The Impact Of Forced Migration On The Antebellum Enslaved Family On The Cotton Frontier, Micki Yvonne Kaleta

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Impact of Forced Migration on the Antebellum Enslaved Family on the Cotton Frontier


Applying A Food Studies Perspective To Irish Studies, Máirtín Mac Con Iomaire Jan 2021

Applying A Food Studies Perspective To Irish Studies, Máirtín Mac Con Iomaire

Books/Book Chapters

Food studies and Irish Studies stem from the same ‘studies’ phenomena and share many similarities in their journeys from the margins to becoming established academic disciplines. A common feature of the new academic studies movement, whether French, gender, postcolonial, cinematic, African, Irish or food is their interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary nature. They become more than any one discipline and scholars within these new fields continuously investigate from various angles, often adopting ‘self-reflexivity’ as an approach. Stereotypical postcolonial notions of the drunken or ‘stage Irishman’, or food’s association with the quotidian domestic, and therefore, feminine, led some academics up until relatively recently …


When Your Lover Tells You She Doesn’T Love You Anymore,, Braedon Mcconnell Oct 2020

When Your Lover Tells You She Doesn’T Love You Anymore,, Braedon Mcconnell

The Echo

No abstract provided.


Echo 2020 - Complete Issue Oct 2020

Echo 2020 - Complete Issue

The Echo

No abstract provided.