Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Near and Middle Eastern Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,020 Full-Text Articles 760 Authors 508,039 Downloads 135 Institutions

All Articles in Near and Middle Eastern Studies

Faceted Search

1,020 full-text articles. Page 1 of 37.

The Cost Of Freedom: Revolutionary Hopes & Realities Among Young Tunisians A Decade Post-Arab Spring, Sanjna Selvarajan 2021 Skidmore College

The Cost Of Freedom: Revolutionary Hopes & Realities Among Young Tunisians A Decade Post-Arab Spring, Sanjna Selvarajan

International Affairs Senior Theses

The Arab Spring of 2011 was an incredible tale of desperation, defiance, and vast political transformations—of civil society across North Africa and the Middle East revolting against dictatorship, corruption, and demanding democracy and freedom. Tunisia gained widespread international attention following the revolutions as the sole country to attain democracy. However, many Western scholars and news reports have dismissed Tunisia’s triumph as a lucky break and lauded its attainment of democracy and, especially, its newfound freedom of expression. Such a focus on “Tunisian exceptionalism,” however, ignores the nuanced consequences that have accompanied the country’s vast political transformation.

Situated ...


A City Divided: A Gis-Informed Study Of Urban Planning In Amman, Jordan, Ella Lawson 2021 University of Mississippi

A City Divided: A Gis-Informed Study Of Urban Planning In Amman, Jordan, Ella Lawson

Honors Theses

Amman, the capital of Jordan, faces an impending infrastructure crisis. The city is plagued by water shortages, a lack of affordable housing, extreme traffic congestion, and dwindling open space. Over the past seventy-five years, several urban planning commissions have attempted to address these issues through policy change and other municipal directives. These plans help illustrate the different forces at play in constructing the city—whether they be the residents themselves, city officials, or international consultants. All the plans use neighborhoods as a primary metric for measuring need and organizing development. Likewise, all the plans focus on the importance of green ...


Why Did The Camel Cross The Road?: The Use Of Camel Racing And Military Pageantry In Unifying Oman Through Nationalism Racing, Elizabeth Williams 2021 University of Mississippi

Why Did The Camel Cross The Road?: The Use Of Camel Racing And Military Pageantry In Unifying Oman Through Nationalism Racing, Elizabeth Williams

Honors Theses

In 1970, Sultan Qaboos bin Said seized power from his father Sultan Said bin Taimur in a bloodless coup with backing from the British. Prior to this, bin Taimur led with policies that left Oman open to foreign involvement and internal divisions between the interior and exterior of the country. After coming to power, Qaboos undertook several progressive policies to modernize and unite the country. This paper examines how two cultural symbols- camel racing and military pageantry- were used to develop ethnic nationalism into civic nationalism.


The Role Of The Kurds In U.S. Foreign Policy, Davis McCool III 2021 University of Mississippi

The Role Of The Kurds In U.S. Foreign Policy, Davis Mccool Iii

Honors Theses

The Kurdish people in the Middle East have played a valuable role in furthering U.S. policy interests in the region. The U.S. has aligned itself with various Kurdish groups in a series of strategic partnerships dating back to the early 1970s, yet has never considered the Kurdish nation an ally. As such, the U.S. has reneged on multiple different pacts with the Kurds and opened the door for state-sponsored conflict against a supposed ally, despite mutual interests between both groups. This thesis aimed to assign a formal role to the Kurds within U.S. foreign policy, and ...


Empowering Action Against Femicide: A Case Study Of Turkey An Integrated Literature Review, Ashley Simon 2021 University of Southern Maine

Empowering Action Against Femicide: A Case Study Of Turkey An Integrated Literature Review, Ashley Simon

Thinking Matters Symposium

The primary purpose of this integrative literature review is to explore the relationship between culture and femicide within Turkey to empower action against femicide. Femicides within Turkey are on the rise, as a study done by Sage Journals in 2009 reported that 42% of Turkish women between the ages of 15 and 60 experienced some form of physical or sexual abuse from their husband or partner. Currently, there has been an onslaught of articles released that more and more women are being abused throughout the country during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research will explore cultural aspects that allow for women ...


Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, And Motrebs: A Comparative Study Of Sex Work In Iranian Film And Fiction From The Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) To The Islamic Revolution (1979), maryam zehtabi sabeti moqaddam 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, And Motrebs: A Comparative Study Of Sex Work In Iranian Film And Fiction From The Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) To The Islamic Revolution (1979), Maryam Zehtabi Sabeti Moqaddam

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation titled “Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, and Motrebs: A Comparative Study of Sex Work in Iranian Film and Fiction from Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) to the Islamic Revolution (1979)” brings together the web of images and narratives in sociocultural and historical texts and films that create and maintain the identity of sex workers as articles of mass consumption and sustain dominant practices and policies. By studying how these women, their body, and their sexuality are perceived, shown, and regulated in art and literature—which are ciphers of the society at large—my research exposes the tightly knit relationship between patriarchy, capitalism ...


Nation-Building And Cultural Heritage: A Study Of Turkey And Its Greek Orthodox Community, Sophia E. Kyrou 2021 Trinity College

Nation-Building And Cultural Heritage: A Study Of Turkey And Its Greek Orthodox Community, Sophia E. Kyrou

Senior Theses and Projects

This thesis is an exploration of the intersection between nationalist ideology and cultural heritage policy. This thesis answers how and why states utilize cultural heritage policy to build exclusivist forms of nationalism and, more specifically, models of nationalism that exclude ethno-religious minorities. In my work, I employ a case study of Turkey and its treatment of the Greek Orthodox minority population, and examine two specific periods in Turkish history: the Atatürk period (1920 to 1938) and the Erdoğan period (2001 to present). I answer the case-specific question: How and why has the Turkish state utilized policy dealing with tangible and ...


Makeshift Memory: Nostalgia As Collective Solidarity In The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood And Post-Imperial England, Catherine White 2021 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Makeshift Memory: Nostalgia As Collective Solidarity In The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood And Post-Imperial England, Catherine White

Senior Theses

It is a deeply human experience to long for times, people, and places of the past, even pasts we ourselves did not experience. This feeling, which we most often call nostalgia (but has earned many names throughout history) has profound influence especially in how we perceive our collective histories and use these histories to guide us forward. This experience of nostalgia is the underpinning for many of our sources of solidarity (or who we feel loyal or obligated to). However, when we feel these profound connections to the distant past, we often lose the reality of that past in the ...


Should The State Of Israel Pursue Krav Maga As An Intangible Cultural Heritage Of The Jewish People? History And Politics Say Yes., Guy Mor, Andrea Molle 2021 Israeli College of Sport

Should The State Of Israel Pursue Krav Maga As An Intangible Cultural Heritage Of The Jewish People? History And Politics Say Yes., Guy Mor, Andrea Molle

Political Science Faculty Articles and Research

Krav Maga (‘contact combat’) is an Israeli combat discipline arguably one of the many intangible cultural heritages of Israel and the Jewish people. It has played a unique role in the (re)creation and preservation of the Jewish identity and the formation of the state of Israel.

Recently we observe a growing academic literature debating the role of martial arts in international affairs and domestic political processes. It is the scope of this paper to contribute to this proposing a framework for understanding Krav-Maga as a means of cultural diplomacy as seen in other nations.


Do The Tactics Of Armed Groups Affect Organizational Behavior? The Case Of Kidnap For Ransom, Tyler Young 2021 American University in Cairo

Do The Tactics Of Armed Groups Affect Organizational Behavior? The Case Of Kidnap For Ransom, Tyler Young

Theses and Dissertations

N/A


Catalyst And Prosecutor Of A Forbidden Love: The Landscape Of Haifa In Dearest Anne, Qingyang (Freya) Zhou 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Catalyst And Prosecutor Of A Forbidden Love: The Landscape Of Haifa In Dearest Anne, Qingyang (Freya) Zhou

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


The Best Of Both Worlds? Rabbi Menachem Bombach, Educational Reform, And The Quest To Integrate Ultra-Orthodox Jews Into Israeli Society, Maya Itkin-Ofer 2021 University of Pennsylvania

The Best Of Both Worlds? Rabbi Menachem Bombach, Educational Reform, And The Quest To Integrate Ultra-Orthodox Jews Into Israeli Society, Maya Itkin-Ofer

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Across Legal Lines: Jews And Muslims In Modern Morocco, Sarah Abbasi Abbasi 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Book Review: Across Legal Lines: Jews And Muslims In Modern Morocco, Sarah Abbasi Abbasi

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Photo Collection: Jewish Synagogues In Prague, Miriam Minsk 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Photo Collection: Jewish Synagogues In Prague, Miriam Minsk

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Chaos Beyond The Screen: Fauda And Its Impact On Israeli And Palestinian Viewers, Noga Even 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Chaos Beyond The Screen: Fauda And Its Impact On Israeli And Palestinian Viewers, Noga Even

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Then, Now, And Lots Of Room For Tomorrow: A Comparative Analysis Of Female Intellectual Ambition In Jewish Society, Shalva Gozland 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Then, Now, And Lots Of Room For Tomorrow: A Comparative Analysis Of Female Intellectual Ambition In Jewish Society, Shalva Gozland

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Boots On The Ground And Israelight, Shalva Gozland 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Boots On The Ground And Israelight, Shalva Gozland

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Israel: Vegan Capital Of The World, Kelsey Gross 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Israel: Vegan Capital Of The World, Kelsey Gross

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Poem: I Am, Jonah Waldman 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Poem: I Am, Jonah Waldman

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Photo Collection: A World Of Inspiration, Jonah Waldman 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Photo Collection: A World Of Inspiration, Jonah Waldman

Kedma: Penn's Journal on Jewish Thought, Jewish Culture, and Israel

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress