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The Development Of Leaders: Suggested Modules For Education, Tracey E. Recigno, Paula Kramer 2022 Thomas Jefferson University – USA

The Development Of Leaders: Suggested Modules For Education, Tracey E. Recigno, Paula Kramer

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

The development of leaders is critical for the education of all professionals and, particularly, those in the field of occupational therapy. Current accreditation standards offer a limited perspective on leadership, and educators should consider a more holistic viewpoint to leadership development, especially as many programs are moving to the doctoral level. The adult learning theory of andragogy in conjunction with social learning theory, experiential learning theory, and leadership theories can help guide educators’ creation of integrative learning opportunities. This paper proposes a framework for leadership education that promotes building leadership capacity through leadership skill, identity, and mindset formation. Suggested evidence-based …


Developing An Anti-Racist Practice In Occupational Therapy: Guidance For The Occupational Therapist, Justin E. Lerner, Angie Kim 2022 University of Washington - Seattle Campus – USA

Developing An Anti-Racist Practice In Occupational Therapy: Guidance For The Occupational Therapist, Justin E. Lerner, Angie Kim

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

A strong anti-racist practice is critical for occupational therapists who represent an overwhelmingly white and female workforce yet serve people from all ethnic and racial backgrounds. These therapists are commonly unprepared to work with a racially diverse clientele because of a lack of reflective and critical practice grounded in anti-racism. This article provides some critical literature about race and racism in occupational science. We present important concepts for therapists to deepen their understanding of anti-racist practice, including intersectionality, agent and target groups, and equity and equality. We then explore some critical theoretical frameworks that can help conceptualize anti-racist practice, such …


Leadership Practices Of State Associations: Does State President Leadership Style Encourage Membership?, Leslie M. Sizemore 2022 TheraCare, Inc. – USA

Leadership Practices Of State Associations: Does State President Leadership Style Encourage Membership?, Leslie M. Sizemore

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: This research addressed the “graying” of the professional state occupational therapy association as new clinicians are more frequently making the decision not to join. It is particularly relevant for boards who are attempting to establish and retain members.

Method: To assess the leadership styles of presidents of state occupational therapy associations and to examine the impact of leadership style on membership status, this research examined the self-perceived leadership styles of state occupational therapy association presidents, as measured by the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI), a tool developed by Kouzes and Posner, authors of the Exemplary Leadership Model. It …


A Scoping Review Exploring The Use Of Art-Making-As-Therapy In Adult Mental Health Occupational Therapy Practice, Alan Johnson, Samantha Ashby, Miranda Lawry 2022 University of Newcastle – Australia

A Scoping Review Exploring The Use Of Art-Making-As-Therapy In Adult Mental Health Occupational Therapy Practice, Alan Johnson, Samantha Ashby, Miranda Lawry

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Art-making-as-therapy has been used by occupational therapists in mental health since the inception of the profession. It aims to enable people to gain mastery and produce art. This review synthesizes the research on the use of art-making as therapy by occupational therapists in adult mental health practice.

Method: Arksey and O’Malley’s 5-stage framework was used. A search of four databases was conducted with the inclusion criteria of papers from 1980 – 2020 using the keywords of occupational therapy, mental health or illness, and art. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data.

Results: Of the 847 …


Promoting Self-Management Of Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema Through The Remotivation Process, Kaye Rubio, Patricia Bowyer, Sherry Hite, Vidya Pingale, Wyona Freysteinson, Gayle Hersch, Christine Raber PhD, OTR/L 2022 Texas Woman's University, Houston & HCA Palms of Pasadena Hospital – USA

Promoting Self-Management Of Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema Through The Remotivation Process, Kaye Rubio, Patricia Bowyer, Sherry Hite, Vidya Pingale, Wyona Freysteinson, Gayle Hersch, Christine Raber Phd, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background. Lymphedema affects a significant number of women with breast cancer. Self-Management Programs (SMP) are important in the long-term management of chronic conditions such as lymphedema. Motivation is crucial in the daily performance of the SMP. The study explored the effect of the Remotivation Process on the motivation of women with breast cancer-related lymphedema to incorporate an SMP into their daily routine.

Methodology. The study was a within-subjects quasi-experimental design that used the Volitional Questionnaire, frequency count of the SMP, and circumferential measurement as outcome measures. Eleven participants (n = 11) with breast cancer-related lymphedema completed the study …


The Masgutova Neurosensorimotor Reflex Integration (Mnri®): A Scoping Review, Lucretia A. Berg, Daniela Brown, Kaylee Kroll, Chandler Pfaff, Lesli Cleveland 2022 Eastern Washington University – USA

The Masgutova Neurosensorimotor Reflex Integration (Mnri®): A Scoping Review, Lucretia A. Berg, Daniela Brown, Kaylee Kroll, Chandler Pfaff, Lesli Cleveland

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background. The Masgutova Neurosensorimotor Reflex Integration (MNRI®) method emerged from Russia in the 1990s as an intervention to improve maturation, development, and functional abilities for a variety of clients. MNRI® has since become an emerging intervention in occupational therapy in the US, particularly with pediatric clients. The evidence supporting use of MNRI® remains limited.

Method. Using updates by Levac and colleagues (2010) to the Arksey and O’Malley (2005) process for scoping review, databases and the MNRI®website were searched. Fourteen unique articles were identified and reviewed. Articles were categorized by common characteristics and …


Three-Dimensional Motion Analysis For Occupational Therapy Upper Extremity Assessment And Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review, Stephen W. Hill, Samantha Mong, Quyen Vo 2022 Samuel Merritt University, Motion Analysis Research Center – USA

Three-Dimensional Motion Analysis For Occupational Therapy Upper Extremity Assessment And Rehabilitation: A Scoping Review, Stephen W. Hill, Samantha Mong, Quyen Vo

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Three-dimensional (3D) human motion analysis provides objective, quantitative, and reliable kinematic data that are valuable in rehabilitation. Clinicians, including occupational therapists and other specialists, can apply this technology to quantify patients’ upper extremity (UE) motion during functional tasks. A better comprehension of altered body mechanics serves to guide clinical reasoning, develop evidence-based interventions, and monitor patients’ progress through follow-up. However, the scientific literature has yet to emphasize the practicality of using 3D motion analysis as a clinical measurement tool.

Method: This scoping review appraised 20 articles that used 3D motion analysis to quantify UE movements for individuals …


The Occupational Impact Of Mass Shootings: A Qualitative Study Of Survivor Accounts, Ashley Ellsworth, Susan MacDermott, Bridget Scheidler 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences – USA

The Occupational Impact Of Mass Shootings: A Qualitative Study Of Survivor Accounts, Ashley Ellsworth, Susan Macdermott, Bridget Scheidler

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: As mass shootings continue to persist in the United States, their occupational impact on victims needs further understanding. The purpose of this study was to examine stories shared by survivors of mass shootings to determine whether changes in occupational participation, performance, and fulfillment of meaningful roles and performance patterns occurred following the incident.

Method: Unobtrusive methods were used to collect and analyze publicly accessible audiovisual and written records following a qualitative research design. Themes were developed through thematic analysis.

Results: Victims at varying degrees of association to the event experienced changes in their occupational performance, participation, …


Professional Misfits: “You’Re Having To Perform . . . All Week Long”, Brenda L. Beagan, Kaitlin R. Sibbald, Tara M. Pride, Stephanie R. Bizzeth 2022 Dalhousie University – Canada

Professional Misfits: “You’Re Having To Perform . . . All Week Long”, Brenda L. Beagan, Kaitlin R. Sibbald, Tara M. Pride, Stephanie R. Bizzeth

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Occupational therapy professes commitment to equity and justice, and research is growing concerning the experiences of clients from marginalized groups. To date, almost no research explores the professional experiences of therapists from marginalized groups. This qualitative study explores how exclusion operates in the profession among colleagues.

Method: Grounded in critical phenomenology, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 occupational therapists who self-identified as racialized, disabled, ethnic minority, minority sexual/gender identity (LGBTQ+), and/or from working-class backgrounds. Iterative analysis was conducted using constant comparison and employing ATLAS.ti for team coding.

Results: Across identity groups, four processes of exclusion …


Client-Centered Practice When Professional And Social Power Are Uncoupled: The Experiences Of Therapists From Marginalized Groups, Brenda L. Beagan, Kaitlin R. Sibbald, Tara M. Pride, Stephanie R. Bizzeth 2022 Dalhousie University – Canada

Client-Centered Practice When Professional And Social Power Are Uncoupled: The Experiences Of Therapists From Marginalized Groups, Brenda L. Beagan, Kaitlin R. Sibbald, Tara M. Pride, Stephanie R. Bizzeth

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Client-centeredness is foundational to occupational therapy, yet virtually no research has examined this aspect of practice as experienced by therapists from marginalized groups. The discourse of client-centeredness implicitly assumes a “dominant-group” therapist. Professional power is assumed to be accompanied by social power and privilege. Here, we explore what happens when professional and social power are uncoupled.

Method: In-depth interviews grounded in critical phenomenology were conducted with Canadian therapists (n = 20) who self-identified as disabled, minority sexual/gender identity (LGBTQ+), racialized, ethnic minority, and/or from working-class backgrounds. Iterative thematic analysis employed constant comparison using ATLAS.ti for team coding. …


Longevity: Celebrating 10 Years Of Ojot Publication With Occupational Therapy Experts, Diane Powers Dirette 2022 Western Michigan University – USA

Longevity: Celebrating 10 Years Of Ojot Publication With Occupational Therapy Experts, Diane Powers Dirette

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

No abstract provided.


Student Satisfaction And Quality Improvement For An Alzheimer’S Virtual Interprofessional Training (Avit) Program, Susan Toth-Cohen, PhD, OTR/L, Jeannette Kates, PhD, APRN, AGPCNP-BC, GNP-BC, Richard W. Hass, PhD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Student Satisfaction And Quality Improvement For An Alzheimer’S Virtual Interprofessional Training (Avit) Program, Susan Toth-Cohen, Phd, Otr/L, Jeannette Kates, Phd, Aprn, Agpcnp-Bc, Gnp-Bc, Richard W. Hass, Phd

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Learning Objectives

  • Identify key areas of focus for addressing student satisfaction in 3-DVW IPE simulations
  • Discuss specific quality improvement strategies targeting student satisfaction and engagement based on the Flexible Learning Model
  • Apply findings of the continuous quality improvement (CQI) strategies used in the AVIT 3-D virtual world simulation to their own approaches to CQI for virtual simulations


Comparison Of The Effect Of Aerobic And Resistance Exercise On Short Term Memory On Healthy Adults, Frederick P. Wijaya, Ery Hermawati M.Sc, Willy Handoko M.Biomed 2022 University of Tanjungpura

Comparison Of The Effect Of Aerobic And Resistance Exercise On Short Term Memory On Healthy Adults, Frederick P. Wijaya, Ery Hermawati M.Sc, Willy Handoko M.Biomed

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Background: Exercise is known to improve the cognitive function, including short-term memory. Exercise can induce structural and functional changes of the brain, i.e. synaptic plasticity. Exercise is categorized into two groups: aerobic exercise and resistance exercise. Studies have shown that both groups of exercises can improve short-term memory function.

Objectives: this research is aimed to compare the effect of aerobic and resistance exercise on short-term memory on healthy adults.

Methods: Participants were given the choice to be admitted into either exercise group, aerobic or resistance. Short-term memory (forward digit span) were measured before and after the intervention.

Results: there were …


Effects Of Ohio Opioid Prescribing Policy On Postsurgical Prescriptions Following Sports Procedures, Joseph Henningsen MD, Scott Huff MD, Andrew Schneider MD, Fady HIjji MD, Andrew Froehle PhD, Anil Krishnamurthy MD 2022 Wright State University Orthopaedic Surgery Residency

Effects Of Ohio Opioid Prescribing Policy On Postsurgical Prescriptions Following Sports Procedures, Joseph Henningsen Md, Scott Huff Md, Andrew Schneider Md, Fady Hijji Md, Andrew Froehle Phd, Anil Krishnamurthy Md

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Background: Prescribed opioid medication after orthopedic sports surgery has been shown to exceed patient requirements. In 2017, as a response to the opioid epidemic, Ohio passed Opioid Prescribing Guidelines (OPG) limiting narcotic prescriptions for acute pain. This study sought to evaluate the effects of the OPG on prescribing behavior of orthopedists following knee arthroscopy (KA), shoulder arthroscopy (SA), and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Methods: An institutional database was queried to calculate morphine equivalent dose (MED) prescribed at discharge, acute follow-up (<90 days), and chronic follow-up (>90 days) and compare MED pre- and post-OPG. Cases were identified over a 2-year period starting …


Establishing Safe Thresholds To Improve Exercise Capacity In Collegiate Athletes With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd): A Critically Appraised Topic, Emily C. Roberts, Jenny Toonstra, Andrea Cripps 2022 Bowling Green State University

Establishing Safe Thresholds To Improve Exercise Capacity In Collegiate Athletes With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Ibd): A Critically Appraised Topic, Emily C. Roberts, Jenny Toonstra, Andrea Cripps

Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences: Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association

Clinical Scenario: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) can present several challenges to athletic participation due to unpredictable disease activity and uncontrollable systemic symptoms that severely impact daily activities, and limit exercise/sports participation. Limited studies and a lack of standardized guidelines for physical activity (PA) and exercise are additional barriers for patients. Limited sources have determined that exercise interventions of low-to-moderate intensity are safe and feasible for IBD patients. In theory, such interventions could promote improvements in exercise capacity and overall well-being. Focused Clinical Question: Is there evidence to suggest that established safe exercise-intensities promote improvements in exercise capacity in collegiate athletes …


Comparing Highest Level Of Mobility (Hlm) Scores Reported By Physical Therapists And Nurses At An Urban Medical Center In Louisiana, Evan S. Sinnathamby, Jayne Mora, Hannah Robinson, Logan Arceneaux, Alyse Hollis, Hunter Collins, Micah Klumpp, Christopher B. Thomas 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Comparing Highest Level Of Mobility (Hlm) Scores Reported By Physical Therapists And Nurses At An Urban Medical Center In Louisiana, Evan S. Sinnathamby, Jayne Mora, Hannah Robinson, Logan Arceneaux, Alyse Hollis, Hunter Collins, Micah Klumpp, Christopher B. Thomas

Medical Research Day

Background: There are over 30 million people hospitalized in the United States yearly. Hospital stays can increase the risk of mobility loss or diminished function in patients. This can lead to reduced ambulation well after a patient’s hospital stay; therefore, it is very important to reduce this risk while patients are in the hospital. John’s Hopkins Hospital started the Activity and Mobility Promotion (AMP) program to help patients be active in the hospital and reduce the risk of patient function or mobility loss. Now, the AMP project is being used in many hospitals around the country to help reduce this …


A Rare Presentation Of Guillain Barre Syndrome (Gbs) Secondary To Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccination, Michael Juszczak, jedidah prum, Anishinder Parkash, William Gleason 2022 Reading Hospital-Tower Health

A Rare Presentation Of Guillain Barre Syndrome (Gbs) Secondary To Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccination, Michael Juszczak, Jedidah Prum, Anishinder Parkash, William Gleason

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Student Wellness During Curriculum Implementation Of A Lifestyle Medicine Approach Within The Social-Ecological Model: A Longitudinal Study, Betsy J. Becker, Anne Skinner, Tessa Wells, Kathleen G. Volkman, Nicole M. Sleddens, Teresa Cochran 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Student Wellness During Curriculum Implementation Of A Lifestyle Medicine Approach Within The Social-Ecological Model: A Longitudinal Study, Betsy J. Becker, Anne Skinner, Tessa Wells, Kathleen G. Volkman, Nicole M. Sleddens, Teresa Cochran

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

Purpose

The student-life experience is an ideal time to implement lifelong wellness behaviors needed for the professional role. The ongoing effects of the COVID pandemic have amplified the need for Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) educational programs to train an emerging workforce that can, through personal wellness, withstand the stressors of personal and professional lives. The study purpose is to: a) evaluate the change in student wellness from matriculation to mid-program to completion after implementation of a curriculum based on a lifestyle medicine approach within the Social-Ecological Model, and b) compare student wellness between cohorts that matriculated before and during …


Effective Occupational Therapy Interventions To Decrease Picky Eating In Children: A Systematic Review, Savannah L. Jacobsen, Josie Cox, Alli Bos, Cherokee Ferguson, Stacey Smallfield, Molly Whitlow 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effective Occupational Therapy Interventions To Decrease Picky Eating In Children: A Systematic Review, Savannah L. Jacobsen, Josie Cox, Alli Bos, Cherokee Ferguson, Stacey Smallfield, Molly Whitlow

Student Systematic Reviews: Occupational Therapy

PURPOSE: Picky eating is related to the lack of consumption in food variety by children when shown different foods (Wolstenholme et al., 2020). A 2015 study reported that almost half of children experience a period of picky eating at some point during early childhood, including almost 15% of children for whom picky eating does not resolve by age 6 (Cardona et al., 2015). The purpose of this systematic review is to identify interventions within the scope of occupational therapy that increase food acceptance in children under the age of seven years who demonstrate picky eating characteristics and who have no …


A Systematic Review Of Chronic Pain Mechanism Differential Assessment Strategies For Physical Therapy, Kate Hovde SPT, Kenny Li DPT, Kylie Wong BS, Roger Allen PhD, PT 2022 University of Puget Sound

A Systematic Review Of Chronic Pain Mechanism Differential Assessment Strategies For Physical Therapy, Kate Hovde Spt, Kenny Li Dpt, Kylie Wong Bs, Roger Allen Phd, Pt

Physical Therapy Research Symposium

Background

Recently, the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) redefined pain, the American Physical Therapy Association proposed pain education guidelines, and a new pain mechanism category (PMC) was defined as “nociplastic pain”. IASP defines three PMCs - nociceptive, neuroplastic, and nociplastic.

Purpose

Identify current clinical assessment strategies for differentiating between nociceptive, neuropathic, and nociplastic chronic pain, feasible for implementation by physical therapists (PTs).

Methods

In 2020, investigators independently searched databases for studies evaluating assessment methods differentiating “nociceptive,” “neuropathic,” “central,” “mixed pain” and “central sensitization,” with follow-up on “nociplastic pain”. A qualitative systematic review was performed utilizing defined inclusion …


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