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Comparison Of A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis To A Walking Boot For Preserving Ankle Joint Motion And Reducing Tibial Bone Load And Strain, Perri Johnson Jr. 2022 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Comparison Of A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis To A Walking Boot For Preserving Ankle Joint Motion And Reducing Tibial Bone Load And Strain, Perri Johnson Jr.

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Tibial stress fractures are a common overuse injury accounting for 21.9 – 69% of stress fractures among runners and 24 – 51.2% of stress fractures in military cadets. Current treatment involves wearing a walking boot for 3 – 12 weeks, which limits ankle motion and causes lower limb muscle atrophy. A Dynamic Ankle Orthosis (DAO) provided a distractive force that offloaded the ankle and retained sagittal ankle excursion during walking. It remains unclear how tibial loading is affected by a walking boot or the DAO. This thesis presents a feasibility study confirming the offloading effects of the DAO on tibial …


Salivary Cortisol Levels And Stress In Adults With Profound Intellectual And Multiple Disabilities Participating In The Structured Water Dance Intervention: A Randomised Controlled Crossover Trial, Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Marie Matérne, Andre Frank, Evalotte Mörelius, Anna Duberg 2022 Edith Cowan University

Salivary Cortisol Levels And Stress In Adults With Profound Intellectual And Multiple Disabilities Participating In The Structured Water Dance Intervention: A Randomised Controlled Crossover Trial, Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Marie Matérne, Andre Frank, Evalotte Mörelius, Anna Duberg

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

The Structured Water Dance Intervention (SWAN) is a dance-oriented aquatic group activity directed to give opportunities for the joy of movement, relaxation, and reduced stress. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of SWAN on salivary cortisol and stress in adults with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). A total of 34 adults with PIMD at four habilitation centres in Sweden completed the SWAN intervention. The intervention was administered for 40 min once a week during a 12-week period. Saliva cortisol was collected in the morning and evening at baseline one week before the intervention, thrice during the intervention period, …


Understanding Parkinson’S Disease Through Gait Initiation And Center Of Pressure, Mira Ananthanarayanan, Kiara Salceda, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra 2022 Chapman University

Understanding Parkinson’S Disease Through Gait Initiation And Center Of Pressure, Mira Ananthanarayanan, Kiara Salceda, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Parkinson's disease is a neurological disorder that causes tremors and freezing of gait in diagnosed patients. Freezing of gait can be difficult to identify and intervene without laboratory based instruments data collection. Force plates have been proven to show viable results in identifying gait events such as heel contact and toe off. The complete gait cycle consists of a right-heel strike, right heel-to-toe shift, simultaneous right-toe off/left heel strike, left heel-to-toe shift, and a simultaneous left-toe off/right heel strike. This study will investigate center of pressure trajectories when initiating gait between healthy and Parkinson's participants. It is predicted that the …


Utilizing Teslasuit To Analyze Changes In Joint Angles And Galvanic Skin Responses During Slips (A Stress-Inducing Task), Olivia Johnson, Caitlin Ha, Audrey Arenal 2022 Chapman University

Utilizing Teslasuit To Analyze Changes In Joint Angles And Galvanic Skin Responses During Slips (A Stress-Inducing Task), Olivia Johnson, Caitlin Ha, Audrey Arenal

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

When experiencing dangerous situations, humans have two different responses: fight or flight. During these moments, the sympathetic nervous system takes over and causes the body to work overtime to give the person the best chance at survival. Although the average person doesn’t face a life-or-death experience every day, slips are fairly common and can trigger this fight-or-flight response. Exploring what happens during a slip and quantifying a body’s response can be difficult. Still, with the help of motion capture suits and biometric sensors, there is a unique opportunity to learn more about the kinematics and physiological responses of the human …


Reliability Of Accelerometer-Based Reaction Time Tests, Jacob Hepp, Warner Rhodes, Jordan Walton, Rahul Soangra, Brent Harper 2022 Chapman University

Reliability Of Accelerometer-Based Reaction Time Tests, Jacob Hepp, Warner Rhodes, Jordan Walton, Rahul Soangra, Brent Harper

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Concussions are traumatic brain injuries that affect the function of the brain. One of the primary symptoms of a concussion is a lack of reaction time. The people that are most susceptible to concussions are athletes; Laker’s (2011) study found that 135,000 patients that suffer concussions from playing sports are expected to be hospitalized each year, with football making up 75% of concussions at high school and college levels. Honda et al. (2018) suggested reaction time as an important biomarker of concussion. Laboratory camera-based motion capture data, while reliable, is not a realistic tool to use outside of a laboratory …


Anna Magee’S Vision 100 Years Past 1923-2023!, Christopher Formal, John F. Ditunno Jr. 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Anna Magee’S Vision 100 Years Past 1923-2023!, Christopher Formal, John F. Ditunno Jr.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Faculty Papers

Anna Magee's vision of Magee Rehabilitation Hospital has been realized in three phases. The first spanned the writing of her will until groundbreaking of the new hospital. This was followed by the early years as an entirely independent institution. The third phase began with its association with Thomas Jefferson University, and continues to this day with integration into a complete system of patient care, education, and research. Magee owes its existence to the philanthropy of Anna Magee and it continues to fortify her legacy and fulfill her vision of an institution where patients whose acute illness has passed can receive …


Professional Perspectives On Bilingualism In Persons With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study, Rosa N. Benavidez Saldivar, Jessica R. Stewart, Ruth Crutchfield, Roy K. Chen, Lily Puente 2022 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Professional Perspectives On Bilingualism In Persons With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study, Rosa N. Benavidez Saldivar, Jessica R. Stewart, Ruth Crutchfield, Roy K. Chen, Lily Puente

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The present study examined the perspectives of professionals regarding bilingualism and ASD. Methods: A total of 27 professionals participated in this study. Data was collected via an online survey. The survey was designed based on a literature review and consultation with a team of experts in the field of ASD. Information relating to demographic information, professional practice information, and perspectives of bilingualism and ASD was collected. Results: Professionals participating in the present study were most likely to agree with the statement, “A child with ASD from a bilingual household is able to understand both languages” and least likely to …


Multi-Disciplinary Biopsychosocial Approach In Low Back Pain Benchmark Study, Liza Beth Cocanougher Short RN, MS 2022 University of Texas at Tyler

Multi-Disciplinary Biopsychosocial Approach In Low Back Pain Benchmark Study, Liza Beth Cocanougher Short Rn, Ms

MSN Capstone Projects

Low back pain (LBP) is the third most common reason people seek care in America and is the primary reason for missed work days. Working in a pain clinic for eight years and managing research studies directed toward improving low back pain in patients was the motivation for choosing the evidence based intervention in this population. The health care professionals (HCP) in the pain clinic usually have a conversation with the patients who have acute or subacute onset of LBP about their disease and give them a written handout with exercises and ask them to perform these exercises at home. …


Developing Guiding Principles For Technology-Based Rehabilitation Program By Engaging People With Motor Incomplete Tetraplegia, Alison Bell, Namrata Grampurohit, Gabrielle Kains, Ralph J. Marino 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Developing Guiding Principles For Technology-Based Rehabilitation Program By Engaging People With Motor Incomplete Tetraplegia, Alison Bell, Namrata Grampurohit, Gabrielle Kains, Ralph J. Marino

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Technology-aided rehabilitation is well established in the field of neurologic rehabilitation. Despite the widespread availability, the development of technology-based interventions that incorporate perspectives of the people who will use them is lacking.

Objectives: This qualitative study aims to understand how people with chronic motor incomplete cervical spinal cord injury view rehabilitation technology to improve upper extremity function and neuromuscular recovery to inform future intervention development.

Methods: Seven participants with chronic upper extremity impairment due to spinal cord injury/dysfunction trialed five rehabilitation technology devices. After a 30-45 min trial for each device, participants engaged in a semi-structured interview. Interviews were …


A Long-Term Follow-Up Of The Stability Study: Multicenter Rct Comparing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis In Individuals At High Risk Of Graft Failure, Katelyn M. Inch 2022 The University of Western Ontario

A Long-Term Follow-Up Of The Stability Study: Multicenter Rct Comparing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With And Without Lateral Extra-Articular Tenodesis In Individuals At High Risk Of Graft Failure, Katelyn M. Inch

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

One hundred and ninety-six patients at the Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic (FKSMC) undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) were randomized as part of the multi-center STABILITY study to receive either an isolated ACLR or ACLR with a lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET). The STABILITY study followed these patients up to two years postoperative, and a long-term follow-up protocol was initiated afterwards. Eighty-two patients from this center were seen at three, five and seven years postoperative as part of a long-term follow-up. Our primary outcome was a composite outcome of instability and graft failure. Secondary outcomes included patient-reported outcome measures …


Proceedings Of The 2022 Iaom Convention, International Association of Orofacial Myology 2022 International Association of Orofacial Myology

Proceedings Of The 2022 Iaom Convention, International Association Of Orofacial Myology

International Journal of Orofacial Myology and Myofunctional Therapy

The International Association of Orofacial Myology (IAOM) held its 2022 Convention in Kansas City, Missouri from October 21 - 23. The Proceedings of the Convention contain abstracts and summaries of podium and poster presentations.


The Clinical Value Of Oculomotor Assessments Across The Continuum Of Concussion, Dillon Richards 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Clinical Value Of Oculomotor Assessments Across The Continuum Of Concussion, Dillon Richards

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Concussions are complex conditions that are difficult to manage medically. Variations in symptom presentation, intricate neurophysiological processes, and the availability of a variety of possible assessment tools may contribute to this complexity. Clinicians must use a broad approach, employing both subjective symptom assessment and objective assessments to confirm a diagnosis and/or monitor progression and recovery. Oculomotor function after concussion may be an important indicator of injury, given the interconnectedness of oculomotor function, vestibulo-ocular and visual systems, and even cognition. Oculomotor function may be assessed objectively or indirectly using patient-reported symptom checklists as part of subjective assessments. One way of objectively …


Social Isolation, Third Places, And Precarious Employment Circumstances: A Scoping Review, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Rebecca M. Aldrich 2022 Western University

Social Isolation, Third Places, And Precarious Employment Circumstances: A Scoping Review, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Rebecca M. Aldrich

Occupational Therapy Publications

No abstract provided.


Reliability And Validity Of Inertial Sensor Assisted Reaction Time Measurement Tools Among Healthy Young Adults, Brent Harper, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra 2022 Chapman University

Reliability And Validity Of Inertial Sensor Assisted Reaction Time Measurement Tools Among Healthy Young Adults, Brent Harper, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

The assessment of movement reaction time (RT) as a sideline assessment is a valuable biomarker for mild TBI or concussion. However, such assessments require controlled laboratory environments, which may not be feasible for sideline testing during a game. Body-worn wearable devices are advantageous as being cost-effective, easy to don and use, wirelessly transmit data, and ensure unhindered movement performance. This study aimed to develop a Drop-stick Test System (DTS) with a wireless inertial sensor and confirm its reliability for different standing conditions (Foam versus No Foam) and task types (Single versus Dual), and postures (Standing versus sitting). Fourteen healthy young …


Kinematic And Kinetic Gait Characteristics In People With Patellofemoral Pain: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Harvi Hart Dr. 2022 Western University

Kinematic And Kinetic Gait Characteristics In People With Patellofemoral Pain: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Harvi Hart Dr.

Physical Therapy Publications

Abstract

Background

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a prevalent knee condition with many proposed biomechanically orientated etiological factors and treatments.

Objective

We aimed to systematically review and synthesize the evidence for biomechanical variables (spatiotemporal, kinematic, kinetic) during walking and running in people with PFP compared with pain-free controls, and determine if biomechanical variables contribute to the development of PFP.

Design

Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Data sources

We searched Medline, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and Web of Science from inception to October 2021.

Eligibility criteria for selecting studies

All study designs (prospective, case–control [± interventional component, provided pre-intervention data were reported for both …


Effects Of Treadmill Interventions On Infants With Developmental Delays Presenting With Mild And Severe Impairments: A Case Series, Eric Nguyen SPT, Nicolle Gerchak SPT 2022 University of Puget Sound

Effects Of Treadmill Interventions On Infants With Developmental Delays Presenting With Mild And Severe Impairments: A Case Series, Eric Nguyen Spt, Nicolle Gerchak Spt

Physical Therapy Research Symposium

Background: Physical development delays can severely limit a child’s ability to explore and learn about their environment. Evidence supports that this exploration promotes a child’s development in cognition, language acquisition, social skills, and further physical skills. Thus, interventions that target and improve early mobility can be highly valuable to a child’s life. Treadmill training in infants with developmental delays has shown to be an effective intervention in moving infants toward earlier independent walking and improved gross motor function.

Purpose: This study aims to explore the potential benefits of an established treadmill training program in infants with varying degrees of motor …


Covid Restrictions Did Not Decrease Physical Activity In Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Jillian Stoewer SPT, Cara Filce SPT, Holly J. Roberts PT, PhD, GCS, NCS 2022 University of Puget Sound

Covid Restrictions Did Not Decrease Physical Activity In Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Jillian Stoewer Spt, Cara Filce Spt, Holly J. Roberts Pt, Phd, Gcs, Ncs

Physical Therapy Research Symposium

Background

Understanding the long-term impacts of COVID-19-related stay-at-home orders on physical activity can help clinicians prepare for consequences that may impact their patient populations.

Purpose

This study examined effects of the 2020 COVID-19 stay-at-home orders on physical activity levels in community-dwelling older adults including the number of hours they spent walking outside of the home and working/volunteering in the community.

Methods

Eighty-nine participants completed a monthly Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) for 10 months. One-way repeated measures ANOVAs with post hoc analyses were calculated to determine differences among PASE scores, PASE item 2 scores, and work/volunteer hours at …


Applying The 4ps Of Social Marketing To Retain And Engage Participants In Longitudinal Cohort Studies: Generation 2 Raine Study Participant Perspectives, Leesa Costello, Julie Dare, Manon Dontje, Claire Lambert, Leon Straker 2022 Edith Cowan University

Applying The 4ps Of Social Marketing To Retain And Engage Participants In Longitudinal Cohort Studies: Generation 2 Raine Study Participant Perspectives, Leesa Costello, Julie Dare, Manon Dontje, Claire Lambert, Leon Straker

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: Investigations of participant retention in longitudinal health and medical research, document strategies that work best but overlook social marketing’s capacity to influence participant retention. After applying the social marketing framework: the idea that determining what longitudinal participants ‘buy’ (product), at what cost (price), in what location (place) and through which communication channels (promotion), this paper aims to inform and enhance retention efforts. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted through in-depth interviews with participants from the Raine Study that began in Western Australia in 1989. The Generation 2 participants, initially enrolled into the Raine Study as babies by their parents …


Implementing A Structured Walking Program For Prek Through 8th Grade Teachers, Caitlin M. Kile, Robin Harris, Robin Bowden 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Implementing A Structured Walking Program For Prek Through 8th Grade Teachers, Caitlin M. Kile, Robin Harris, Robin Bowden

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Physical inactivity has become a significant health concern not only in the United States but worldwide. Adults are becoming sedentary due to sitting at work and school, computer use, and motorized transportation. During the COVID-19 pandemic, teachers experienced increased workloads, increased sedentary work time for virtual classes, and longer work hours. A PreK-8th grade school system in the southeastern United States had health promotion and prevention programs for students but no health and wellness programs for teachers. Wellness programs can promote physical health and less worker absenteeism. At the completion of a 12-week walking program, the teacher's weekly time …


Living With Multiple Sclerosis As A Former Marathon Runner: Impact Of Attitude And Past Behaviour On Self-Care Maintenance And Perseverance, Michael Stephanou 2022 University of Oxford

Living With Multiple Sclerosis As A Former Marathon Runner: Impact Of Attitude And Past Behaviour On Self-Care Maintenance And Perseverance, Michael Stephanou

Patient Experience Journal

As healthcare professionals, we have a duty to promote the wellbeing of individuals living with chronic diseases and this could be accomplished through the establishment of self-care strategies that are both collaborative and self-directed. Insight into the complex behaviours and backgrounds of individuals who show initiative in dealing with chronic disease could help achieve this by revealing drivers of health-seeking and engaging behaviours. Therefore, by deducing the complex interactions between attitude, past experiences and disease outlook, broader patient welfare could be championed through the implementation of targeted interventions which promote self-care in chronic disease. This article aims to explore these …


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