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The Effect Of Covid- 19 Pandemic Process On Social Psychology And Nature-Based Therapeutic Activities, Aysun Yalvac, Esmahan Yalcin, Murad A. Kasalak 2022 Akdeniz University

The Effect Of Covid- 19 Pandemic Process On Social Psychology And Nature-Based Therapeutic Activities, Aysun Yalvac, Esmahan Yalcin, Murad A. Kasalak

University of South Florida (USF) M3 Publishing

Today, many scientists have stated that the use of nature-based products and activities at certain rates together with the healing effect of modern medical techniques during the epidemic that affects the whole world has health-supporting benefits. Based on these views, people's consumption of products obtained from natural resources has increased and the interest in outdoor activities in nature has increased. Due to the positive effects of these activities on mental health, socialization and rehabilitation processes, over time, it became necessary to consider these activities within the scope of therapeutic recreation applied to groups with health restrictions such as the disabled, …


The Effects Of Acute High-Intensity Interval Exercise And Hyperinsulinemic-Euglycemic Clamp On Osteoglycin Levels In Young And Middle-Aged Men, Carlie Bauer, Alexander Tacey, Andrew Garnham, Cassandra Smith, Mary N. Woessner, Xuzhu Lin, Navabeh Zarekookandeh, David L. Hare, Joshua R. Lewis, Lewan Parker, Itamar Levinger 2022 Edith Cowan University

The Effects Of Acute High-Intensity Interval Exercise And Hyperinsulinemic-Euglycemic Clamp On Osteoglycin Levels In Young And Middle-Aged Men, Carlie Bauer, Alexander Tacey, Andrew Garnham, Cassandra Smith, Mary N. Woessner, Xuzhu Lin, Navabeh Zarekookandeh, David L. Hare, Joshua R. Lewis, Lewan Parker, Itamar Levinger

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Osteoglycin (OGN) is a leucine-rich proteoglycan that has been implicated in the regulation of glucose in animal models. However, its relationship with glucose control in humans is unclear. We examined the effect of high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp on circulating levels of OGN as well as whether circulating OGN levels are associated with markers of glycemic control and cardio-metabolic health. Serum was analyzed for OGN (ELISA) levels from 9 middle-aged obese men (58.1 ± 2.2 years, body mass index [BMI] = 33.1 ± 1.4 kg∙m − 2, mean ± SEM) and 9 young men (27.8 ± 1.6 years, …


The Lived Experiences Of Pain And Fatigue In Persons Living With Neurological Conditions: A Phenomenological Study, Lauren L. Kane 2022 The University of Western Ontario

The Lived Experiences Of Pain And Fatigue In Persons Living With Neurological Conditions: A Phenomenological Study, Lauren L. Kane

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Purpose: The aim of the study was to understand the experiences and impact of pain and fatigue and to further explore the relationship between participants' descriptions of their lived experiences with these phenomena within and across multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and cerebral palsy. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were used to interview nine participants about their experiences of living with pain and fatigue in their respective conditions. A new phenomenological approach was adopted, and data was analyzed inductively using interpretive phenomenological analysis. Results: Three final themes including a lack of understanding, negative perceptions of pain and fatigue, and coping strategies used to …


From Zoom To The Clinic: Unique Student Challenges In Physical Therapy Clinical Education, Amy Both, Jaclyn Catherine Carson, Matthew B. Garber, Heather Marie Mack, Nicole M. Sleddens 2022 University of Toledo

From Zoom To The Clinic: Unique Student Challenges In Physical Therapy Clinical Education, Amy Both, Jaclyn Catherine Carson, Matthew B. Garber, Heather Marie Mack, Nicole M. Sleddens

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

While the abrupt shift in PT education (PTE) brought on by the pandemic created opportunities for educational innovation, it also brought relational separation and fragmented learning due to lockdowns, social distancing, face masks, and communication limited to virtual platforms. Academic programs increased use of virtual learning, rearranged curriculum, reduced lab and simulated learning time, and provided fewer, if any, opportunities for service learning and patient contact. Clinic sites paused clinic education experiences or hosted fewer students to maintain social distancing and limit disease exposure. As PTE returns to more typical curricular schedules and practices, it is important to be aware …


Developing A Rapid Assessment Program For Student Success In Clinical Education, Nicole M. Sleddens, Betsy J. Becker, Grace Johnson, Joseph F. Norman 2022 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Developing A Rapid Assessment Program For Student Success In Clinical Education, Nicole M. Sleddens, Betsy J. Becker, Grace Johnson, Joseph F. Norman

Posters and Presentations: Physical Therapy

Successful management of the struggling student in the clinic relies heavily on the early identification of clinical performance deficits. CIs who directly observe student performance, actions and behaviors should aim for early and precise identification of difficulties, which should lead to initial discussions with the student. If the student's struggles require involvement from the educational institution, the CI should promptly contact and collaborate with the DCE. Early communication with the DCE is beneficial, as they can provide support for CIs overwhelmed by the difficulties that accompany working with a challenging student. The DCE provides guidance on determining the depth of …


Effectiveness Of Simulation-Based Learning Compared To Integrated Clinical Experience In Development Of Dpt Students’ Clinical Decision-Making Skills, Derrick F. Campbell PT, DPT, Sc.D, Kristy Demers, Masoor Alameri, Fabian Bizama 2022 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Effectiveness Of Simulation-Based Learning Compared To Integrated Clinical Experience In Development Of Dpt Students’ Clinical Decision-Making Skills, Derrick F. Campbell Pt, Dpt, Sc.D, Kristy Demers, Masoor Alameri, Fabian Bizama

Education Collection

Background: Simulation-based learning has a significant footprint on entry-level physical therapy programs. Students’ clinical decision-making (CDM) skills development through simulation-based learning (SBL) format when compared to the Integrated Clinical Experience (ICE) remains unknown. Self-efficacy of Clinical and CDM skills tool measures clinical skills, clinical decision-making, and total self-efficacy of clinical and CDM skills.2 A need to evaluate the effectiveness of simulation-based learning compared to ICE in development of CDM skills

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of simulation-based learning and the Integrated Clinical Experience (ICE) in the development of DPT student clinical decision-making skills as …


Bruce Protocol Test Affects Postural Stability In Healthy Young Adults, Andreas Germanos, Tessa Heiberg, Annie Jeon, Emi Heisterkamp, Hao Giang, Jessica Cota, Laura Corona, Thomas Loi, Vincent Bovino, Shayce Cordero, Sunny Kim, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra 2022 Chapman University

Bruce Protocol Test Affects Postural Stability In Healthy Young Adults, Andreas Germanos, Tessa Heiberg, Annie Jeon, Emi Heisterkamp, Hao Giang, Jessica Cota, Laura Corona, Thomas Loi, Vincent Bovino, Shayce Cordero, Sunny Kim, Michael Shiraishi, Rahul Soangra

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Maintaining balance is key in avoiding falls and injury. However, little is known on how increased cardiac activity may affect postural stability. This study investigated if increase in cardiac activity to 85% maximal heart rate (HR) when exercising with standard Bruce Protocol Test (BPT) influence postural sway. Ten young adults were tested for three postural stances, quiet bilateral standing with i) eyes open, ii) eyes closed, and iii) tandem stance, before and after performing the BPT. Resting Heart Rate (HR) and HR variability along with standard postural sway parameters like sway velocity, sway area, turn index, and power frequency in …


Sensory Adaptive Environment To Enhance Participation In Healthcare For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Interdisciplinary Design Thinking Approach, Lady Rios-Vega, OTD, OTR/L, Amy Carroll, OTD, OTR/L, Rachel L. Dumont, OTR/L, Dianne Treadwell-Deering, MD, Matthew Fields, MD, Roseann C. Schaaf, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Sensory Adaptive Environment To Enhance Participation In Healthcare For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Interdisciplinary Design Thinking Approach, Lady Rios-Vega, Otd, Otr/L, Amy Carroll, Otd, Otr/L, Rachel L. Dumont, Otr/L, Dianne Treadwell-Deering, Md, Matthew Fields, Md, Roseann C. Schaaf, Phd, Otr/L, Faota

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Introduction/Background

  • Participation in healthcare for children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be overwhelming resulting in stressful responses safety concerns.¹
  • Sensory features impact healthcare participation.
  • Up to 84% of individuals with ASD experience atypical sensory features of : - Hyper or hypo reactivity to sensation.²
    - Unusual sensory interests in the environment.²
    - Poor sensory integration.²
  • Families may refrain from participation in medical care to prevent negative experiences, contributing to occupational deprivation.¹
  • Sensory Adaptive Environments (SAE) may improve participation for autistic persons.1,3,4


The Simulated Café: A Virtually Delivered Pre-Employment Transition Program For Students With Autism, Leah Haller, OTD, OTR/L, Amy Carroll, OTD, OTR/L 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

The Simulated Café: A Virtually Delivered Pre-Employment Transition Program For Students With Autism, Leah Haller, Otd, Otr/L, Amy Carroll, Otd, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Introduction

  • Fewer than half the young adults diagnosed with autism are employed (Gotham et al., 2015; Chiang, et al, 2013).
  • Individuals diagnosed with autism have a higher rate of unemployment compared to those with other disabilities (Buescher et al., 2014).
  • Educators of individuals diagnosed with autism stress employment as a desired and measured outcome (Schall et al. 2012).
  • Parents of individuals diagnosed with autism rated employment support as the greatest service priority (Neary et al.,2015).
  • Individuals diagnosed with autism are 7.36 times more likely to be in paid employment if they receive vocational services (Park & Bouk, 2018).
  • In the …


Neurodiversity Inclusive Practices In Higher Education: Using A Needs Assessment To Spur Change Throughout University Systems, Caitlin Rosica, OTD, Amy Carroll, OTD, OTR/L, Lady Rios-Vega, OTD, Roseann C. Schaaf, PhD 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Neurodiversity Inclusive Practices In Higher Education: Using A Needs Assessment To Spur Change Throughout University Systems, Caitlin Rosica, Otd, Amy Carroll, Otd, Otr/L, Lady Rios-Vega, Otd, Roseann C. Schaaf, Phd

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Introduction

  • Approximately 50% of autistic people have average or above average intelligence, and growing numbers of autistic young adults attend college.1
  • Autistic students experience poor outcomes in college despite being academically well qualified. 34.9% of autistic young adults attempt college within 6 years of high school.2 Of those, approximately 39% will graduate.3
  • In higher education, there may be a mismatch in supports needed by autistic students versus supports provided.
  • Autistic students report difficulty with sensory overload, mental health concerns, and daily living tasks.4
  • The majority of supports for autistic students focus on academics, which is a …


Exploring Community Recreation And Leisure Of Young Adults With Autism, Alexandria Taylor, OTD, OTR/L, EIS, Amy Carroll, OTD, OTR/L 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Exploring Community Recreation And Leisure Of Young Adults With Autism, Alexandria Taylor, Otd, Otr/L, Eis, Amy Carroll, Otd, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Introduction

  • Adults with autism participate less in the community compared to adults with other diagnoses (e.g., intellectual disability, emo tional disturbance, and learning disabilities) (Myers et al., 2015; Orsmond et al., 2013).
  • Quantitative studies have shown the benefits of participating in recreation and leisure activities for young adults with auti sm (Bishop Fitzpatrick et al., 2017; Garcia Villamisar & Dattilo, 2010; Stacey et al., 2019).
  • The use of qualitative research has been recommended to offer a deeper understanding (Stacey et al., 2019).
  • The lack of opportunity for young adults with autism to share their experiences and opinions can lead to …


An Interprofessional And International Collaboration To Establish The Content Validity Of The Checklist Of Nicu Caregiver Behaviors, Amy Carroll, OTD, OTR/L, Cecilia Roan, OTD, OTR/L, Michele K. Savin, DNP, APRN, NNP-BC, Amitava Sengupta, MD, FNNF, DCH, MICP, MBBS 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

An Interprofessional And International Collaboration To Establish The Content Validity Of The Checklist Of Nicu Caregiver Behaviors, Amy Carroll, Otd, Otr/L, Cecilia Roan, Otd, Otr/L, Michele K. Savin, Dnp, Aprn, Nnp-Bc, Amitava Sengupta, Md, Fnnf, Dch, Micp, Mbbs

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Introduction

The World Health Organization estimates that 15 million babies are born pre term every year.1 “Preterm infants have a high risk of cognitive, neuromotor, and neurosensory problems after discharge from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).2 The outcomes associated with pre term birth are influenced by early adverse experiences during critical care in a stressful NICU environment.3

Developmental care (DC) encompasses a broad array of interventions for developing infants which focus on minimizing the stress of the NICU.4 There are a number of approaches associated with DC The Universe of Developmental Care model describes five …


Ipads For Autism A Web Based Professional Learning Community For Teachers To Support Tablet Usage In Autism Classrooms, Emily E. Smith, OTD, OTR/L, Amy Carroll, OTD, OTR/L 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Ipads For Autism A Web Based Professional Learning Community For Teachers To Support Tablet Usage In Autism Classrooms, Emily E. Smith, Otd, Otr/L, Amy Carroll, Otd, Otr/L

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

Background and Significance

Since its emergence in 2010 the mobile technology of the iPad has excited both parents and teachers for its potential in the classroom. The portability of networked mobile technologies has helped students of all abilities to discover, influence, and examine knowledge as well as interact with educators and other students across the world.1 While many school students have access to iPads, simply having technology in the school environment does not ensure teachers are ready to use it to their full potential.2 Teachers need sufficient professional development to align knowledge of technology, pedagogy, and learning content. …


Using Knowledge Translation Strategies To Promote Integration Of Evidence Into Practice: Faculty, Fieldwork Educator And Fieldwork Student Partnerships, Amy Carroll, OTD, OTR/L, E. Adel Herge, OTD, OTR/L, FAOTA 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Using Knowledge Translation Strategies To Promote Integration Of Evidence Into Practice: Faculty, Fieldwork Educator And Fieldwork Student Partnerships, Amy Carroll, Otd, Otr/L, E. Adel Herge, Otd, Otr/L, Faota

Department of Occupational Therapy Posters and Presentations

The Research to Practice Gap

The gap between what is known from research and what happens at the point of care continues to be a concern across health care.1,2 Occupational therapists have a positive attitude toward evidence based practice yet actual use of evidence to guide occupational therapy practice is low.3,4


Cost-Benefit Analysis Of The Cope Program For Persons Living With Dementia: Toward A Payment Model, Laura T Pizzi, Eric Jutkowitz, Katherine M Prioli, Ember Yiwei Lu, Zachary Babcock, Heather McAbee-Sevick, Dorothy B Wakefield, Julie Robison, Sheila Molony, Catherine V. Piersol, Laura N Gitlin, Richard H Fortinsky 2022 Rutgers University

Cost-Benefit Analysis Of The Cope Program For Persons Living With Dementia: Toward A Payment Model, Laura T Pizzi, Eric Jutkowitz, Katherine M Prioli, Ember Yiwei Lu, Zachary Babcock, Heather Mcabee-Sevick, Dorothy B Wakefield, Julie Robison, Sheila Molony, Catherine V. Piersol, Laura N Gitlin, Richard H Fortinsky

Department of Occupational Therapy Faculty Papers

Background and objectives: There is a critical need for effective interventions to support quality of life for persons living with dementia and their caregivers. Growing evidence supports nonpharmacologic programs that provide care management, disease education, skills training, and support. This cost-benefit analysis examined whether the Care of Persons with Dementia in their Environments (COPE) program achieves cost savings when incorporated into Connecticut's home- and community-based services (HCBS), which are state- and Medicaid-funded.

Research design and methods: Findings are based on a pragmatic trial where persons living with dementia and their caregiver dyads were randomly assigned to COPE with HCBS, or …


Promoting Longevity Through Engagement In Purposeful Occupations, Jennifer K. Fortuna 2022 Colorado Mesa University - USA

Promoting Longevity Through Engagement In Purposeful Occupations, Jennifer K. Fortuna

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Ron Henry, an artist based in Grand Junction, CO, provided the cover art for the Fall 2022 edition of The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy (OJOT). “On the Trail to Durango” is a 36” x 36” painting made from oil and acrylic on gesso board. Ron has been creating beautiful art since he was a child. Art has provided Ron with a strong sense of purpose throughout his life. At age 90, Ron attributes his longevity to living a healthy lifestyle and regular engagement in purposeful occupations, such as painting. In this tenth anniversary issue of OJOT, Occupation and the …


Cultivating Cultural Humility In Occupational Therapy Through Experiential Strategies And Modeling, Sylvia H. Anderson 2022 Howard University – USA

Cultivating Cultural Humility In Occupational Therapy Through Experiential Strategies And Modeling, Sylvia H. Anderson

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Cultural competence and cultural humility have been topics in conversations for many years in multiple industries. Indeed, attempts have been made and continue to be made to address cultural ineptness and unawareness. Of particular concern are the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by health care practitioners. More specifically, the author will discuss the importance of cultivating cultural humility among occupational therapy educators, students, and practitioners through modeling and experiential learning strategies. This article is designed to help occupational therapy educators, professionals, and students to increase their awareness about the need for and benefit of cultural humility in education and practice. The …


Health Literacy And Occupational Therapy: A Discussion On Assessing And Addressing Limited Health Literacy, April M. Bryant, Bryan M. Gee, Lynn Gitlow 2022 Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions – USA

Health Literacy And Occupational Therapy: A Discussion On Assessing And Addressing Limited Health Literacy, April M. Bryant, Bryan M. Gee, Lynn Gitlow

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Health literacy is multidimensional and goes beyond simply education level. In addition, age, gender, race and ethnicity, social network, and income level, among other things, can contribute to the level of health literacy and affect health outcomes. Many Americans cannot make sound decisions regarding their health care because of limited health literacy, yet health literacy is rarely considered during an occupational therapy evaluation and subsequent plan of care. This manuscript informs occupational therapists on strategies to address limited health literacy by using literature and evidence.


Arts-Based Training Program Effectiveness: A Teaching Methodology In An Occupational Therapy Doctorate Program, Hillary Napier, Nicole Kovalevsky, Clarissa Stanhope, Alexandra Wasko, Katherine Williams, Rebecca Ozelie 2022 DePaul University – USA

Arts-Based Training Program Effectiveness: A Teaching Methodology In An Occupational Therapy Doctorate Program, Hillary Napier, Nicole Kovalevsky, Clarissa Stanhope, Alexandra Wasko, Katherine Williams, Rebecca Ozelie

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Arts-based training programs can aid in building observational skills, communication, team building, and leadership through targeted analysis of works of art. Furthermore, arts-based training programs are unique in that they highlight non-technical skills (NTS). The goal of this study was to investigate the extent to which NTS were developed through an arts-based training program among entry-level occupational therapy doctorate (OTD) students. This study used a mixed methodological approach to analyze retrospective data. Quantitative analysis of the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills (KIMS) assessment was conducted. Qualitative analysis was completed through analysis of the participants’ reflection papers. Quantitative results (n = …


Benefits Of Peer-Mentorship For Entry-Level Occupational Therapy Students: A Descriptive Study, Robert G. Gallagher, Razan Hamed 2022 New York Institute of Technology – USA

Benefits Of Peer-Mentorship For Entry-Level Occupational Therapy Students: A Descriptive Study, Robert G. Gallagher, Razan Hamed

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: This study explored the benefits of a new peer-mentorship program designed for Master's-level occupational therapy students.

Method: This was a descriptive study of an entry-level Master’s of occupational therapy (MOT) program. A group of entry-level MOT students participated in the program as mentees (n = 37 in summer 2019, n = 39 in fall 2019) and mentors (n = 9 in summer 2019, n = 8 in fall 2019) for two academic semesters. Feedback about the process and outcomes of the peer-mentorship program was collected at the end of each semester.

Results: The data showed that mentees reported …


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