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The Relationship Between Athlete Perceptions Of Coaching Leadership Behaviors And Athlete Grit, Landon Braun, Lindsay Ross-Stewart, BARBARA B. MEYER 2024 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

The Relationship Between Athlete Perceptions Of Coaching Leadership Behaviors And Athlete Grit, Landon Braun, Lindsay Ross-Stewart, Barbara B. Meyer

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(5): 12-23, 2023. Coach leadership style has long been positively correlated with athlete experiences such as motivation, health (i.e., burnout), and performance outcomes (i.e., enhanced execution time to complete tasks) (24). More recently, grit (18) has been positively correlated with athlete experiences such as engagement (39) and decreased burnout (32). Given the impact coaches have on their athletes and the positive psychological benefits of grit, it is reasonable to explore the intersections of coaching behaviors and grit. As such, the purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between athlete perceptions of coach …


Fat-Free Mass Index In A Large Sample Of Collegiate American Football Athletes, Jennifer B. Fields, Margaret T. Jones, Adam Feit, Meghan K. Magee, Nicholas M. Kuhlman, Andrew R. Jagim 2024 University of Connecticut

Fat-Free Mass Index In A Large Sample Of Collegiate American Football Athletes, Jennifer B. Fields, Margaret T. Jones, Adam Feit, Meghan K. Magee, Nicholas M. Kuhlman, Andrew R. Jagim

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 129-139, 2024. High levels of fat-free mass (FFM) are favorable for athletes and are related to sport performance. However, fat-free mass index (FFMI), which includes adjustments for height, may offer a better way to characterize FFM beyond raw values. As FFMI is understudied relative to sport, the purpose of the current study was to assess position and age group differences in FFMI among collegiate American football players. National Collegiate Athletic Association DIII (n=111) football players underwent body composition assessment via bioelectrical impedance analysis. FFMI was calculated by dividing FFM by height squared. One-way analyses …


Stance Time And Impact Loading Rates Are Significant Predictors Of Critical Speed During A 3-Minute All-Out Running Test, Trevor Short, Cris Stickley, Bret Freemyer, Andrew Takata, Paulette Yamada 2024 University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa

Stance Time And Impact Loading Rates Are Significant Predictors Of Critical Speed During A 3-Minute All-Out Running Test, Trevor Short, Cris Stickley, Bret Freemyer, Andrew Takata, Paulette Yamada

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 115-128, 2024. The addition of wearable technology during a 3-minute all-out overground running test (3MAOT) could provide additional insights to guide training and coaching strategies. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between critical speed (CS) and biomechanical parameters (cadence, stride length, vertical oscillation, stance time, form power, leg spring stiffness, and impact loading rate), and changes in biomechanical parameters throughout the 3MAOT. Sixty-three (male, n=37, female, n=26) recreationally active college-aged (23.4±3.9 years) subjects completed a 3MAOT while wearing a Stryd foot-pod. The correlations between CS and biomechanical parameters were evaluated …


Lower-Body Strength Relationships With Sprint, Jump, And Sport-Specific Skill Performance In High School Girls Softball Players, Robert G. Lockie, Jacob D. Patron, J. Jay Dawes, Erika Viramontes 2024 California State University, Fullerton

Lower-Body Strength Relationships With Sprint, Jump, And Sport-Specific Skill Performance In High School Girls Softball Players, Robert G. Lockie, Jacob D. Patron, J. Jay Dawes, Erika Viramontes

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 86-98, 2024. Softball athletes require multiple fitness traits (e.g., strength, speed, power) and sport-specific skills (e.g., hitting, throwing) for success. Lower-body strength could underpin these qualities; this has received little analysis among high school female athletes. This research investigated correlations between absolute and relative lower-body strength with age, linear speed, lower-body power, and throwing and hitting velocity in high school girls softball athletes. Archival data collected from 34 high school girls softball players (age=14.91±1.00 years; height=1.66±0.07 m; body mass=63.21±9.59 kg) from a private strength and conditioning facility was analyzed. The data included: age, height, …


Physical Fitness Responses After Sixteen Weeks Of Three Fitness Program Trainings In Untrained Subjects, Habil Hamdouni, Brian Kliszczewicz, Hassane Zouhal, Abderraouf Ben Abderrahman 2024 Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar-Said

Physical Fitness Responses After Sixteen Weeks Of Three Fitness Program Trainings In Untrained Subjects, Habil Hamdouni, Brian Kliszczewicz, Hassane Zouhal, Abderraouf Ben Abderrahman

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 54 - 72, 2024. The remarkable popularity of fitness trends like high intensity functional training (HIFT), choreographed high intensity classes (CHIC) and resistance (RT) trainings raises the question on their effect on cardio-respiratory, lactate removal rate, endurance and body composition responses. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare these effects. Ninety-five participants were randomly assigned into 16 weeks of these trainings, five sessions/week. Anthropometric and fitness tests were carried out before training (PRE), after eight (8W) and sixteen weeks (16W). Body composition measures demonstrated significant decrease in body fat percentage ( …


More Than Body Composition: A Darwinian Theory Of Somatotype, Applied To A Dii Track And Field Outdoor Season, Whitley J. Stone, Matthew J. Garver, Amanda Wakeman, Danilo Tolusso, Hannah Nelson, Josie Hair, Eric Nehlsen 2024 Western Kentucky University

More Than Body Composition: A Darwinian Theory Of Somatotype, Applied To A Dii Track And Field Outdoor Season, Whitley J. Stone, Matthew J. Garver, Amanda Wakeman, Danilo Tolusso, Hannah Nelson, Josie Hair, Eric Nehlsen

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(4): 1-12, 2024. This study presents somatotype data on a team sport with chronic and diverse sporting demands. The aims were to (1) characterize a somatotype profile for Division II (DII) track and field athletes (n=54) by sex, class, and events; (2) determine if somatotype changed across the season; (3) determine if changes differed based on class or sex; and, (4) assess potential differences in somatotype between sexes. Methods: Anthropometrics (height, weight, body composition, somatotype) were evaluated after a competitive indoor season and immediately before the outdoor conference championships (41 days). Body measurements were assessed …


Feasibility Of Blood Flow Restriction Exercise In Adults With A Non-Surgically Treated Achilles Tendon Rupture; A Case Series, Andreas Bentzen, Stian Langgård Jørgensen, Sara Birch, Louise Mortensen, Marianne Toft, Michael Godsvig Lindvig, Per Hviid Gundtoft, Inger Mechlenburg 2024 a Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, Denmark

Feasibility Of Blood Flow Restriction Exercise In Adults With A Non-Surgically Treated Achilles Tendon Rupture; A Case Series, Andreas Bentzen, Stian Langgård Jørgensen, Sara Birch, Louise Mortensen, Marianne Toft, Michael Godsvig Lindvig, Per Hviid Gundtoft, Inger Mechlenburg

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(3): 140-153, 2024. Blood flow restriction exercise (BFRE) appears to provide a unique opportunity to preserve lower limb muscle and function in patients with an Achilles tendon rupture. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of BFRE in patients with an Achilles tendon rupture. Additionally, to evaluate muscle volume and patient-reported ankle function, symptoms, complications, and physical activity following 12 weeks of BFRE. Feasibility was measured by adherence to training sessions, drop-out rate, intervention acceptability, ankle pain exacerbation (NRS), and adverse events. At baseline and 12-weeks follow-up, patients completed the Achilles Tendon …


Evaluation Of The Craniovertebral Angle In Standing Versus Sitting Positions In Young Adults With And Without Severe Forward Head Posture, David A. Titcomb, Bridget F. Melton, Helen W. Bland, Theresa Miyashita 2024 Liberty University

Evaluation Of The Craniovertebral Angle In Standing Versus Sitting Positions In Young Adults With And Without Severe Forward Head Posture, David A. Titcomb, Bridget F. Melton, Helen W. Bland, Theresa Miyashita

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(1): 73-85, 2024. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of standing versus sitting body position on the craniovertebral angle (CVA) in young adults without pathology; and to investigate whether mean differences between positional CVA measures in subjects with severe forward head posture (FHP) are distinct from age-matched controls with normal head posture. Ninety-eight young adults (68 women, 30 men) without pathology (OVERALL; n = 98) volunteered for the study; those with CVA > 53° were also included in a normal posture group (NORM; n = 14); those with CVA < 45° were also included in a severe FHP group (SEV; n = 15). …


Bench Press Range-Of-Motion And Velocity-Based Repetition Control: Effects On Ballistic Push-Up Performance In Males, Kyle Collins, Adam Bradley, Bryan Christensen, Roman Waldera, Lukus Klawitter, Liam Ogren, Robert Salatto 2024 North Dakota State University

Bench Press Range-Of-Motion And Velocity-Based Repetition Control: Effects On Ballistic Push-Up Performance In Males, Kyle Collins, Adam Bradley, Bryan Christensen, Roman Waldera, Lukus Klawitter, Liam Ogren, Robert Salatto

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 17(1): 38-53, 2024. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the ballistic push-up (BPU) is responsive to post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) after a bench press conditioning exercise using velocity-based repetition control. Additionally, we aimed to evaluate the effects of range of motion (ROM) conditions on subsequent BPU performance. In a randomized crossover design, 18 males performed two conditions (full ROM and self-selected partial ROM) of bench press at 80% of their 1RM until mean concentric velocity dropped 10%. Each participant performed two pre- and six post-test BPUs to assess the PAPE effect. Paired …


Effective Management And Implementation Of A Coordinated Health Program - The Steps Snap-Ed Experience, Moises Cisneros, Brenda Rodriguez-Guerra, Joseph Reyes, Emilio Puente Barrios 2024 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Effective Management And Implementation Of A Coordinated Health Program - The Steps Snap-Ed Experience, Moises Cisneros, Brenda Rodriguez-Guerra, Joseph Reyes, Emilio Puente Barrios

Research Symposium

Purpose: Coordinated health programs have been proposed for more than four decades to improve the health of children in school settings. Although a challenging task, it has the potential to touch many lives, especially those from impoverished communities (Darlington, Violon, & Jourdan, 2018). The South Texas Early Prevention Studies (STEPS) aim to positively impact the community of the Rio Grande Valley, a population known to have a high rate of obesity, by implementing a comprehensive and proactive approach with various components within a preschool students’ life. The project's goal has been to plant a seed at an early age for …


Innovative Virtual Wellness Interventions At An Academic Medical Center: A Pilot Feasibility Study, Ritika Baweja, Michael Hayes, Aditya Joshi, Raman Baweja 2024 Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Health, Penn State Health

Innovative Virtual Wellness Interventions At An Academic Medical Center: A Pilot Feasibility Study, Ritika Baweja, Michael Hayes, Aditya Joshi, Raman Baweja

Journal of Wellness

Introduction: There is generally a concerning likelihood of burnout in healthcare workers. Given the impact of COVID-19 on healthcare workers, our institution identified the need for wellness interventions to foster adaptive functioning and mitigate burnout. The purpose of this pilot project was to assess the feasibility of virtual holistic interventions like meditation, art, laughter therapy and dance and their impact on overall well-being of physicians and advanced practice providers (APPs).

Methods: A series of 12 virtual sessions (art therapy, dance therapy, mindfulness-based practices/meditation and laughter therapy) were offered to providers over a 6-month period. Participants completed an online survey reporting …


Evaluating The Effect Of Automated Driving Systems On Drivers' Visual Attention, Reem Jalal Eddine 2024 University of Windsor

Evaluating The Effect Of Automated Driving Systems On Drivers' Visual Attention, Reem Jalal Eddine

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the automotive industry's recent shift towards automation, understanding the interaction between humans and automated system vehicles becomes crucial. The current technology in these systems is level 2 vehicles, where the driver still has to take-over the vehicle manually when needed. However, concerns were raised about the safety of these vehicles due to the monotonous monitoring role of the driver which leads to low cognitive workload. Using the inverted U-model, a low cognitive workload leads to boredom which might cause task disengagement and a severe loss of situation awareness. Thus, this study aimed to investigate attentional costs and recall performance …


A Descriptive Analysis Of The Upper Body Kinematics Of Conductors, Jessica Rosemary Flammia 2024 University of Windsor

A Descriptive Analysis Of The Upper Body Kinematics Of Conductors, Jessica Rosemary Flammia

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A high prevalence of the physical symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders has been identified in conductors (Luger and Trouli, 2023; Geraldo and Fiorini, 2022). Both repetition and non-neutral postures have been identified as risk factors in the development of musculoskeletal disorders (Kumar, 2008; Frievalds, 2018) and are clearly present in a conductor’s job description. The current study aims to examine conductors’ exposures to these factors by answering the guiding research question: what does the upper body movement patterns of a conductor look like? Seven conductors were instrumented with the Xsens MVN AwindaTM motion capture system during one of their ensembles’ regular …


Using Interprofessional Collaboration To Bridge Athletic Training And Strength And Condition Programs In High School Settings To Reduce Injuries, Craig Hermans 2024 Liberty University

Using Interprofessional Collaboration To Bridge Athletic Training And Strength And Condition Programs In High School Settings To Reduce Injuries, Craig Hermans

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this practicum is to identify the differences between between the athletic training professional and the strength and conditioning professional in a school which may cause barriers in using interprofessional collaboration. Currently, the rate of reinjury in a student-athlete population is quite high due, in part, to the different focuses between athletic trainers and that of strength and conditioning coaches. This practicum prepares a compiled review of the literature of research as well as independent research evaluating the student/athletes’ recovery from injury in relation to reinjury. The findings from the research serve a purpose to establish a deeper …


The Effects Of Combined Aquatic Exercise On Physical Performance And Metabolic Indices In Overweight Healthy Older Adults, Shiva Ebrahimpour Nosrani, Bakhtyar Tartibian, Rasul Eslami, Carlos Farinha, João Serrano, José Pedro Ferreira, Ana Maria Texeira 2024 1Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, IRAN; 2 University of Coimbra, Research Center for Sport and Physical Activity (CIDAF), Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, Coimbra, PORTUGAL

The Effects Of Combined Aquatic Exercise On Physical Performance And Metabolic Indices In Overweight Healthy Older Adults, Shiva Ebrahimpour Nosrani, Bakhtyar Tartibian, Rasul Eslami, Carlos Farinha, João Serrano, José Pedro Ferreira, Ana Maria Texeira

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 16(4): 1499-1513, 2023. Addressing overweight and obesity to promote healthy aging is essential. Exercise is an outstanding approach to manage metabolic and physical dysfunction. Aquatic exercise has been recommended for older individuals due to reduced weight pressure on joints. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of twenty-eight weeks of combined aquatic exercise (aerobic and resistance) in overweight healthy older individuals. Thirty-two subjects of both genders with mean age of 72.06 ± 5.8 years were randomly assigned into two groups: an aquatic exercise group (EG; n = 19) and a control group …


Body Mass Index Superior To Body Adiposity Index In Predicting Adiposity In Female Collegiate Athletes., Annika Grams, Anthony Acevedo, Riley Morton, Payton Price, Kyli Alvarez, Malia Nowlen, Estephania Campa, Zachary Zeigler 2024 Grand Canyon University

Body Mass Index Superior To Body Adiposity Index In Predicting Adiposity In Female Collegiate Athletes., Annika Grams, Anthony Acevedo, Riley Morton, Payton Price, Kyli Alvarez, Malia Nowlen, Estephania Campa, Zachary Zeigler

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 16(4): 1487-1498, 2023. Body mass index (BMI) is moderately correlated with %Fat and often used to assess obesity in athletes. Limited research assesses BMI as a surrogate for %Fat in female collegiate athletes. Body Adiposity Index (BAI) is an anthropometric measurement suggested to be superior to BMI at predicting adiposity but has not been well assessed within female athletic populations. This study aimed to determine if BAI is superior to other anthropometric indices to predict %Fat in female collegiate athletes and college-aged female non-athletes. Collegiate female athletes and female non-athletes were invited into the laboratory …


Low Energy Availability, Disordered Eating, Exercise Dependence And Fueling Strategies In Trail Runners, Keely Henniger, Kelly Pritchett, Namrita Kumar Brooke, Leah Dambacher 2024 Central Washington University

Low Energy Availability, Disordered Eating, Exercise Dependence And Fueling Strategies In Trail Runners, Keely Henniger, Kelly Pritchett, Namrita Kumar Brooke, Leah Dambacher

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 16(2): 1471-1486, 2023. Under fueling, disordered eating (DE), exercise dependence (EXD), and high training demands relative to energy intake may increase the risk of low energy availability (LEA) in endurance and ultra-endurance athletes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of LEA risk and relationship with risk of DE, EXD, and fueling habits during training and competition in endurance runners. Trail runners between the age of 18-40 (n = 1,899; males: n = 510, females: n = 1,445) completed a 45-question survey using Qualtrics that included training and racing characteristics, questions …


The Effects Of Wearing A Portable Media Armband On Muscle Activation Of The Biceps Brachii, W. Steven Tucker, Melissa J. Allen, Ashley E. Patterson, Alex W. Fotioo 2024 Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

The Effects Of Wearing A Portable Media Armband On Muscle Activation Of The Biceps Brachii, W. Steven Tucker, Melissa J. Allen, Ashley E. Patterson, Alex W. Fotioo

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 16(1): 1461-1470, 2023. Portable media armbands are commonly used among the physically active population. Their effect on muscle function has not been established. The purpose of this study was to determine if muscle activation of the biceps brachii is influenced by wearing a portable media armband during an elbow flexion exercise. Eighteen participants (11 males: age = 22.5 ± 2.1 years, height = 178.3 ± 5.2 cm, mass = 85.0 ± 6.5 kg; 7 females: age = 22.9 ± 2.5 years, height = 168.3 ± 5.7 cm, mass = 72.3 ± 12.2 kg) with no …


Innovative Cyanine-Based Fluorescent Dye For Targeted Mitochondrial Imaging And Its Utility In Whole-Brain Visualization, Xin Yan, Xinqian Chen, Zhiying Shan, Lanrong Bi 2024 Michigan Technological University

Innovative Cyanine-Based Fluorescent Dye For Targeted Mitochondrial Imaging And Its Utility In Whole-Brain Visualization, Xin Yan, Xinqian Chen, Zhiying Shan, Lanrong Bi

Michigan Tech Publications, Part 2

Conducting in vivo brain imaging can be a challenging task due to the complexity of brain tissue and the strict requirements for safe and effective imaging agents. However, a new fluorescent dye called Cy5-PEG2 has been developed that selectively accumulates in mitochondria, enabling the visualization of these essential organelles in various cell lines. This dye is versatile and can be used for the real-time monitoring of mitochondrial dynamics in living cells. Moreover, it can cross the blood-brain barrier, making it a promising tool for noninvasive in vivo brain imaging. Based on the assessment of glial cell responses in the hippocampus …


Older Adult Compendium Of Physical Activities: Energy Costs Of Human Activities In Adults Aged 60 And Older, Erik A. Willis, Stephen D. Herrmann, Mary Hastert, Chelsea L. Kracht, Tiago V. Barreira, John M. Schuna Jr., Zhenghua Cai, Minghui Quan, Scott A. Conger, Wendy J. Brown, Barbara E. Ainsworth 2024 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Older Adult Compendium Of Physical Activities: Energy Costs Of Human Activities In Adults Aged 60 And Older, Erik A. Willis, Stephen D. Herrmann, Mary Hastert, Chelsea L. Kracht, Tiago V. Barreira, John M. Schuna Jr., Zhenghua Cai, Minghui Quan, Scott A. Conger, Wendy J. Brown, Barbara E. Ainsworth

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Purpose: To describe the development of a Compendium for estimating the energy costs of activities in adults ≥60 years (OA Compendium).

Methods: Physical activities (PAs) and their metabolic equivalent of task (MET) values were obtained from a systematic search of studies published in 4 sport and exercise databases (PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus (EBSCOhost), and Scopus) and a review of articles included in the 2011 Adult Compendium that measured PA in older adults. MET values were computed as the oxygen cost (VO2, mL/kg/min) during PA divided by 2.7 mL/kg/min (MET60+) to account for the lower resting metabolic rate …


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