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The Ripple Effect: ‘Training The Trainer’ On The Impact Of Body Image Through A Dance/Movement Therapy Technique, Marina Gearhart 2021 Lesley University

The Ripple Effect: ‘Training The Trainer’ On The Impact Of Body Image Through A Dance/Movement Therapy Technique, Marina Gearhart

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis describes the capstone project which was a psychoeducation and experiential workshop for fitness trainers. The workshop investigated the impact trainers’ work may have on the body image of their clients through a dance/movement therapy (DMT) technique. The aim was to enhance the trainers’ sensitivity around body image issues of their clients and to create a space for vulnerable movement conversation that may in turn lead to better mental health advocacy for their clients within the scope of ethical practice. The participants of the workshop were six white female identifying trainers ranging from 24 to 35 years of ...


Exploring The Usefulness Of Mindfulness Practices Through Zoom Meetings In Reducing Anxiety And/Or Stress Of Adults With Learning And Developmental Disabilities During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Thatiane Abra 2021 Lesley University

Exploring The Usefulness Of Mindfulness Practices Through Zoom Meetings In Reducing Anxiety And/Or Stress Of Adults With Learning And Developmental Disabilities During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Thatiane Abra

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis explored which mindfulness meditations or mindfulness practices could be beneficial in the online sessions, the extent to which adults with learning and developmental disabilities could learn the practices remotely, and how stress and anxiety disorders could be reduced through online mindfulness interventions. Furthermore, it was also necessary to address the online sessions as the only mental health treatment possibility during the Coronavirus pandemic for the clients observed and the benefits and limitations of these interventions. Additionally, the importance of structure and routine for this population, the multi-modal structure of the interventions, and how attunement plays an important role ...


Physical Activity Interventions For Older Adults In The Age Of Covid-19 And Beyond, Rachel N. Bragg, K. Jason J. Crandall 2021 Western Kentucky University

Physical Activity Interventions For Older Adults In The Age Of Covid-19 And Beyond, Rachel N. Bragg, K. Jason J. Crandall

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 6, 2021. As the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic continues, it is important to understand why older adults are at higher risk for more severe morbidity and higher mortality compared to younger age groups. At the same time, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting physical activity and exercise can have positive benefits for older adults’ health. Point of application #1: The first step in keeping older adults active is motivating them to adhere to a structured program either at home, in a community setting, or in a long-term care ...


Impact Of Covid-19 On Physical Activity And Health Influences Among College Students, Rachael Larkin 2021 University of Mississippi

Impact Of Covid-19 On Physical Activity And Health Influences Among College Students, Rachael Larkin

Honors Theses

Objective: To assess the associations between physical activity, subjective well-being (SWB), and social media influences before, during, and after the 2020 COVID-19 period among college-aged students. Participants: Male and female students from the University of Mississippi who were between the ages of 18-25 volunteered to participate in this study. Out of 10,000 invitation emails distributed, a total of 290 individuals responded and were used for the subsequent analysis. Results: Almost half of the respondents (46.1%) noted a decrease in physical activity from before March-May (M-M) 2020 to during M-M 2020. In addition, 41% of the respondents reported an ...


The Study Of High Intensity Interval Training's Effect On Enjoyment, Keali Mari 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha

The Study Of High Intensity Interval Training's Effect On Enjoyment, Keali Mari

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

This study assessed participant’s level of enjoyment in high-intensity training over moderate intensity-training. High intensity interval training is defined as short bouts of exercise performed at a near-maximal effort with rest periods or light activity in between. High intensity interval training involves repeatedly exercising at a high intensity for 30 seconds to several minutes, separated by 1-5 minutes of recovery. This type of exercise has sparked the interest of many active people due to its decreased time commitment and the benefits it elicits. The results of this study show that high intensity interval training induces a higher enjoyment rate ...


The Effect Of Walking An Unfamiliar Versus Companion Dog On Mood, Exercise Enjoyment, And Heart Rate: A Pilot Field Study, Anna C. Covington, Rebecca R. Rogers, Thomas J. Kopec, Christopher G. Ballmann 2021 Samford University

The Effect Of Walking An Unfamiliar Versus Companion Dog On Mood, Exercise Enjoyment, And Heart Rate: A Pilot Field Study, Anna C. Covington, Rebecca R. Rogers, Thomas J. Kopec, Christopher G. Ballmann

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 3, 2021. Background: Walking unfamiliar dogs, such as therapy dogs, has been shown to improve physiological exercise responses and exercise adherence, but whether walking a companion dog results in superior benefits is currently unknown. The purpose of the current pilot field study was to elucidate preliminary evidence of how walking an unfamiliar or companion dog influences mood, exercise enjoyment, and heart rate during a 1.5-mile walk. Methods: Participants (n=8) walked 1.5-miles at their own pace with an unfamiliar or companion dog while mood, exercise enjoyment, and ...


A Qualitative Analysis Of Barriers And Facilitators To Reducing Sedentary Time In Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain, Jeni E. Lansing, Laura D. Ellingson, Kathryn J. DeShaw, Gabriel Cruz-Maldonado, Tera R. Hurt, Jacob Meyer 2021 Iowa State University

A Qualitative Analysis Of Barriers And Facilitators To Reducing Sedentary Time In Adults With Chronic Low Back Pain, Jeni E. Lansing, Laura D. Ellingson, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Gabriel Cruz-Maldonado, Tera R. Hurt, Jacob Meyer

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Background

Sedentary time (SED) is associated with many detrimental health outcomes, yet little is known about what factors influence one’s ability to reduce SED. Even less is known about these factors in specific patient populations for whom high levels of SED may influence symptoms, such as those with chronic low back pain (cLBP). The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore participants’ perceptions of factors that influenced their ability to reduce SED across an 8-week intervention to reduce SED in adults with cLBP and elevated depressive symptoms.

Methods

Three months after a theory-based intervention to break up and ...


Important Updates To Submission Types In Topics In Exercise Science And Kinesiology, James W. Navalta, Donald L. Hoover, Robert Salatto, Whitley J. Stone, Scott Lyons 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Important Updates To Submission Types In Topics In Exercise Science And Kinesiology, James W. Navalta, Donald L. Hoover, Robert Salatto, Whitley J. Stone, Scott Lyons

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 2: Issue 1, Article 1, 2021. While Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology (TESK) was originally designed to fill a void in publishing applied information for practitioners in physical activity and sport, the TESK editors have determined a need to update the submission categories. The categories of Process of Science and Implementation Strategies have been retained, and three new types of submissions now will be accepted: Expedited Articles, Review Articles, and Case Studies. Process of Science submissions should seek to answer the question, “What was learned from the experience of performing the investigation ...


Long-Term Disability Following A Hamstring Injury, Savannah McLain 2021 Georgia Southern University

Long-Term Disability Following A Hamstring Injury, Savannah Mclain

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

PURPOSE: Injuries to the hamstring complex are one of the most commonly seen lower extremity injuries in athletic populations. It is currently unknown how psychological or sociological factors affect an athlete after the recovery process has ended and if these factors play a role in re-injury rates relating to the hamstring. It is also unknown if athlete confidence level changes while in a fatigued state after an athlete returns to play from a hamstring injury. METHODS: Twenty-six physically active adults with and without a previous hamstring injury were recruited for this study. Participants completed a Qualtrics survey that included demographic ...


Associations Of Movement Behaviors And Body Mass Index: Comparison Between A Report-Based And Monitor-Based Method Using Compositional Data Analysis, Youngwon Kim, Ryan D. Burns, Duck-Chul Lee, Gregory Welk 2020 University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine

Associations Of Movement Behaviors And Body Mass Index: Comparison Between A Report-Based And Monitor-Based Method Using Compositional Data Analysis, Youngwon Kim, Ryan D. Burns, Duck-Chul Lee, Gregory Welk

Kinesiology Publications

Background/objectives Evidence on the associations between lifestyle movement behaviors and obesity has been established without taking into account the time-constrained nature of categorized, time-based lifestyle behaviors. We examined the associations of sleep, sedentary behavior (SED), light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) with body mass index (BMI) using Compositional Data Analysis (CoDA), and compared the associations between a report-based method (24-h Physical Activity Recall; 24PAR) and a monitor-based method (SenseWear Armband; SWA). Subjects/methods Replicate data from a representative sample of 1247 adults from the Physical Activity Measurement Survey (PAMS) were used in the study. Participants completed activity ...


Efficient Method Of Delivery For Powdered Supplement Or Placebo For An Outdoor Exercise Investigation, R W. Salatto, Dustin W. Davis, Bryson Carrier, Brenna Barrios, Jacquelyn Sertic, Peyton Cater, James W. Navalta 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Efficient Method Of Delivery For Powdered Supplement Or Placebo For An Outdoor Exercise Investigation, R W. Salatto, Dustin W. Davis, Bryson Carrier, Brenna Barrios, Jacquelyn Sertic, Peyton Cater, James W. Navalta

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

  • Researchers often encounter issues while attempting to deliver complete doses of a desired supplement/placebo when conducting research in outdoor environments. The problem faced by our research team was how to efficiently deliver 6.4 grams of Beta Alanine (BA) powder to subjects while conducting a hiking study on a windy trail in Southern Utah. To minimize the potential impact of the weather, and to maximize the efficiency of delivery, we determined a premixed bolus of BA contained in individual commercially available 8oz water bottles was the most efficient delivery method. The purpose of this article is to detail the ...


Integrating The Functional Movement Screen ® Into Strength And Conditioning Programs, Quincy Johnson, Chantel C. Coleman, Timothy Baghurst 2020 Oklahoma State University

Integrating The Functional Movement Screen ® Into Strength And Conditioning Programs, Quincy Johnson, Chantel C. Coleman, Timothy Baghurst

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

  • The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the Functional Movement Screen (FMS®) and how it can be integrated into strength and conditioning programs of all levels.
  • We utilized current literature and previous FMS ® field experience to develop and recommend approaches for implementing FMS® protocols into strength and conditioning programs.
  • Description of FMS® Movements: The FMS® is a comprehensive biomechanical efficiency screen which is comprised of seven movements that have been deemed fundamental to athletic performance (7). Those movements include the; deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight-leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotary ...


The Effects Of Regular Yoga Practice On Psychophysiological Measures In College Students, Olivia A. Cunningham, Alexandra N. McQuillen, Selen Razon, Melissa A. Reed, Meghan G. Ramick 2020 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

The Effects Of Regular Yoga Practice On Psychophysiological Measures In College Students, Olivia A. Cunningham, Alexandra N. Mcquillen, Selen Razon, Melissa A. Reed, Meghan G. Ramick

Biology Student Work

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that 12 weeks of a regular yoga practice (150 minutes/week) would improve measures of cardiovascular and psychological health in college students. METHODS: Twenty-two college students (211.2 yrs; 21 female) participated in this study. Height, weight, waist/hip circumference, resting blood pressure and heart rate, fasting blood glucose and cholesterol, and psychological health (STAI form Y-1 and Y-2) were assessed prior to the end of the third week of the semester (PRE). Subjects participated in their Yoga I class throughout Fall semester. After the 12th week of class ...


The Use Of Humor In Intercollegiate Varsity Sport, Charles R S Fitzsimmons 2020 The University of Western Ontario

The Use Of Humor In Intercollegiate Varsity Sport, Charles R S Fitzsimmons

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Three separate studies examined the use of humor in intercollegiate varsity sport. The first explored, via focus groups, who, what, where, when, and why humor is used. The second examined, via multilevel modeling, how athletes’ perceptions of cohesion (measured via the Group Environment Questionnaire; Carron et al., 1985) related to the styles of humor (measured via a modified version of the Martin et al. (2003) Humor Styles Questionnaire), used by athletes, teams, and head coaches. The third investigated, via multilevel modeling, how the styles of humor used by athletes and head coaches related to athletes’ liking of the head coach ...


Correlates Of Total And Domain-Specific Sedentary Behavior: A Cross-Sectional Study In Dutch Adults, Esmee A. Bakker, Maria T.E. Hopman, Duck-Chul Lee, Andre L.M. Verbeek, Dick H.J. Thijssen, Thijs M.H. Eijsvogels 2020 Radboud University Medical Center - Netherlands

Correlates Of Total And Domain-Specific Sedentary Behavior: A Cross-Sectional Study In Dutch Adults, Esmee A. Bakker, Maria T.E. Hopman, Duck-Chul Lee, Andre L.M. Verbeek, Dick H.J. Thijssen, Thijs M.H. Eijsvogels

Kinesiology Publications

Sedentary behavior (SB) is associated with increased risks of detrimental health outcomes. Few studies have explored correlates of SB in physically active individuals. Furthermore, SB correlates may depend on settings of SB, such as occupation, transportation and leisure time sitting. This study aims to identify subject-, lifestyle- and health-related correlates for total SB and different SB domains: transportation, occupation, and leisure time.

Methods Dutch participants were recruited between June, 2015 and December, 2016. Participant characteristics (i.e. age, sex, weight, height, marital status, education level, employment), lifestyle (sleep, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity) and medical history were collected via an ...


Cytokine Responses Across Submaximal Exercise Intensities In Women With Major Depressive Disorder, Maria L. Perez, Charles L. Raison, Christopher L. Coe, Dane B. Cook, Jacob Meyer 2020 Iowa State University

Cytokine Responses Across Submaximal Exercise Intensities In Women With Major Depressive Disorder, Maria L. Perez, Charles L. Raison, Christopher L. Coe, Dane B. Cook, Jacob Meyer

Kinesiology Publications

Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with chronic inflammation. Exercise training can treat depression in adults with MDD, potentially through reducing inflammatory activity. This improvement may occur through adaptations to repeated acute inflammatory responses. Cytokine responses to acute steady-state exercise of varying intensities were determined in women with different levels of depression.

Methods This analysis included 19 women with MDD who each participated in four sessions consisting of 30 min of quiet rest, light, moderate, or hard intensity exercise. Blood samples were collected pre- and within 10 min post-session. Changes in the levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF ...


Elevator Or Stairs? A Dive Into Patron Decision Making, Lucas D. Elliott, Oliver W.A. Wilson, Melissa Bopp 2020 Pennsylvania State University

Elevator Or Stairs? A Dive Into Patron Decision Making, Lucas D. Elliott, Oliver W.A. Wilson, Melissa Bopp

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

  • When put in a situation to get to higher/lower floors of a building, there are many factors that go into play for whether an individual chooses to take the stairs (active) or ride the elevator (sedentary).
  • Students were approached at waiting area for the four elevators in a University Library and were asked series of questions regarding their reasoning for taking the stair or elevator to ascend, as well as their thoughts on the stairwell appearance.
  • Point of application #1: Stairwell appearance and aesthetics should be considered during the design process in order to increase use and physical activity ...


Early-Morning And Late-Night Maximal Runs: Metabolic And Perceived Exertion Outcomes, Jenna L. Carducci, Matthew J. Garver, Whitley J. Stone, Meera Penumetcha, Dustin W. Davis, Nicolas M. Philipp, Josie N. Hair 2020 Copeman Healthcare

Early-Morning And Late-Night Maximal Runs: Metabolic And Perceived Exertion Outcomes, Jenna L. Carducci, Matthew J. Garver, Whitley J. Stone, Meera Penumetcha, Dustin W. Davis, Nicolas M. Philipp, Josie N. Hair

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

  • People may exercise at the ends of their day to fit activity into their schedule; the purpose of this investigation was to determine if metabolic or perceived exertion outcomes differed between maximal runs early in the morning and late at night.
  • After consuming a standardized, glucose drink, thirteen recreationally active individuals completed an early-morning and a late-night run on the treadmill while researchers measured metabolic (aerobic capacity and substrate usage) and perceived exertion outcomes.
  • Point of application #1: Aerobic capacity (maximal consumption of oxygen) and the usage of fat as a fuel to support energy production during exercise were similar ...


Guidelines For Reviewers: Topics In Exercise Science And Kinesiology, James W. Navalta, Donald L. Hoover, Robert Salatto, Whitley J. Stone, Scott Lyons PhD 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Guidelines For Reviewers: Topics In Exercise Science And Kinesiology, James W. Navalta, Donald L. Hoover, Robert Salatto, Whitley J. Stone, Scott Lyons Phd

Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology

  • The purpose of this document is to serve as a guide for evaluators who agree to review work submitted to Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology.
  • To assist evaluators, a Reviewer Rubric has been created with the following sections: Title Page and Abstract, Introduction and Methods Page, Point of Application Page(s), Other Considerations, and Reviewer Decisions.
  • Point of application: Reviewing the Title and Abstract page – rubric shared for title, author list, affiliations, the abstract, and key words.
  • Point of application: Reviewing the Introduction and Methods page – evaluation of introductory paragraph, paragraph for methodology and/or results.
  • Point of application ...


Heart Rate And Rating Of Perceived Exertion During High-Intensity Interval Training: Implications For Prescribing Intensity, Emily R. Dunston, Alan Coelho, Katie Taylor 2020 Eastern Washington University

Heart Rate And Rating Of Perceived Exertion During High-Intensity Interval Training: Implications For Prescribing Intensity, Emily R. Dunston, Alan Coelho, Katie Taylor

2020 Symposium Posters

High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a popular and effective time-efficient alternative to moderate-intensity continuous training for improving cardiorespiratory fitness. However, there is limited research investigating the most effective and practical way to prescribe training intensities for HIIT. PURPOSE: To determine heart rate (HR) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) responses across a bout of HIIT. Additionally, the relationship between HR and RPE was examined. METHODS: Young adults (n=16; age 21.8±1.4 years; 10 females) visited the lab on two separate occasions. At the first visit, participants completed an incremental exercise test on a cycle ergometer to determine ...


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