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683 full-text articles. Page 26 of 27.

Sorghum Malting: Introduction, Objectives, And Scientific Principles, John R.N. Taylor 2010 University of Pretoria

Sorghum Malting: Introduction, Objectives, And Scientific Principles, John R.N. Taylor

INTSORMIL Presentations

What is malting? It is limited germination of cereal grains in moist air under controlled conditions.

Why malt sorghum products?

Sorghum malt for home brewing

For brewing opaque beer, lager and stout

For “brewing” malt (malta) type non-alcoholic beverages

To produce malt extract for hot malted beverages,cereal and confectionery flavoring and coloring

For breakfast cereals

For “power flour”–enzyme active flour to “thin” infant porridges

Also explains the science of malting, and the importance of using high-quality grain.


Controlling The Mineral Content Of Sweet Whey Powder In An Industrial Setting, Matthew W. Sawyer 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Controlling The Mineral Content Of Sweet Whey Powder In An Industrial Setting, Matthew W. Sawyer

Dairy Science

The objective of this project was to reduce the final ash content of sweet whey powder. The data for this project was collected over a two-week period, from July 13th to July 27th 2010 in a dairy plant in the Mid-West of the United States. The data is composed of particle size test, ash test, and pH test. The conclusions of this study are that multiple pre-heat treatment tank changes contribute to mineral content by requiring more buffering than usual. The low pH of this pre-heat liquid forces a need for more buffering. Particle segregation may play a role in ...


Development And Validation Of A Rapid Multi-Class Method For The Confirmation Of Fourteen Prohibited Medicinal Additives In Pig And Poultry Compound Feed By Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Mark Cronly, Patrice Behan, Barry Foley, Liam Regan, Marella Gallagher, Sean Earley, Paula Shearan, Edward Malone 2010 Technological University Dublin

Development And Validation Of A Rapid Multi-Class Method For The Confirmation Of Fourteen Prohibited Medicinal Additives In Pig And Poultry Compound Feed By Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Mark Cronly, Patrice Behan, Barry Foley, Liam Regan, Marella Gallagher, Sean Earley, Paula Shearan, Edward Malone

Articles

A confirmatory method has been developed to allow for the analysis of fourteen prohibited medicinal additives in pig and poultry compound feed. These compounds are prohibited for use as feed additives although some are still authorised for use in medicated feed. Feed samples are extracted by acetonitrile with addition of sodium sulphate. The extracts undergo a hexane wash to aid with sample purification. The extracts are then evaporated to dryness and reconstituted in initial mobile phase. The samples undergo an ultracentrifugation step prior to injection onto the LC-MS/MS system and are analysed in a run time of 26 minutes ...


Development And Validation Of A Light Weight, Energy Dense, Ready To Eat (Rte) Bar, Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Development And Validation Of A Light Weight, Energy Dense, Ready To Eat (Rte) Bar, Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick

Master's Theses

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A LIGHT WEIGHT, ENERGY DENSE, READY TO EAT (RTE) BAR

Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick

Providing additional calories in the form of an RTE bar to endurance athletes will increase performance and muscle re-synthesis, reduce muscle breakdown, and shorten recovery time. An RTE bar containing a blend of dairy proteins and carbohydrates will create a product with superior functionality, including bioactive and immunity enhancing properties from dairy derived ingredients. The protein will provide benefits in the form of easily digestible calories, essential amino acids and physical satiate.

A formulation was developed and optimized, resulting in a final product ...


Deactivation Of Soybean Agglutinin By Enzymatic And Other Physical Treatments, Yating Ma, Tong Wang 2010 Iowa State University

Deactivation Of Soybean Agglutinin By Enzymatic And Other Physical Treatments, Yating Ma, Tong Wang

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

The main objective of this study was to eliminate the hemagglutination activity of an antinutritional factor in soybeans, soybean agglutinin (SBA). A series of experiments was designed to enzymatically modify SBA structure and to use other physical treatments to reduce activity. SBA extract was prepared from soy flour and used as the substrate for all treatments. Deglycosylation by enzyme decreased activity of SBA by 21%, but not to the level of denaturation by heat or by denaturing reagents (47−77% residual activity). Single enzymes, such as trypsin, chymotrypsin, thermolysin, and endoproteinase Glu-C, did not hydrolyze native SBA, but they hydrolyzed ...


Composition And Antimicrobial Activities Of Lippia Multiflora Moldenke, Mentha X Piperita L. And Ocimum Basilicum L. Essential Oils And Their Major Monoterpene Alcohols Alone And In Combination, Mamoudou H. DICKO Prof., Aline Aline Lamien-Meda, Balé Bayala, Souleymane Tirogo, Chlodwig Chlodwig Franz, Johannes Johannes Novak, Roger Charles Roger Charles Nebié 2010 Laboratoire BAEBIB, UFR-SVT, University of Ouagadougou

Composition And Antimicrobial Activities Of Lippia Multiflora Moldenke, Mentha X Piperita L. And Ocimum Basilicum L. Essential Oils And Their Major Monoterpene Alcohols Alone And In Combination, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Aline Aline Lamien-Meda, Balé Bayala, Souleymane Tirogo, Chlodwig Chlodwig Franz, Johannes Johannes Novak, Roger Charles Roger Charles Nebié

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

Essential oils from leaves of Lippia multiflora, Mentha x piperita and Ocimum basilicum from Burkina Faso were analysed by GC–FID and GC–MS. Major components were p-cymene, thymol, β-caryophyllene, carvacrol and carvone for L. multiflora, menthol and iso-menthone for M. x piperita and, linalool and eugenol for O. basilicum. The essential oils and their major monoterpene alcohols were tested against nine bacterial strains using the disc diffusion and broth microdilution methods. The essential oils with high phenolic contents were the most effective antimicrobials. The checkerboard method was used to quantify the efficacy of paired combinations of essential oils and ...


Simple Sorghum Grain Quality Evaluation Procedures, Janet Taylor, John R.N. Taylor 2010 University of Pretoria

Simple Sorghum Grain Quality Evaluation Procedures, Janet Taylor, John R.N. Taylor

INTSORMIL Presentations

Most Appropriate Sorghum Grain Quality Criteria Identified

•High tannin/non-tannin

•Hardness

•Germinability

•Grain purity

•Grain color

Tannin, hardness, germinability and grain purity have been accepted as draft ICC (International Association for Cereal Science and Technology) standard methods.


Novel Corn Degerming Ethanol Fermentation Processes, Hui Wang, Tong Wang, Lawrence A. Johnson 2010 Iowa State University

Novel Corn Degerming Ethanol Fermentation Processes, Hui Wang, Tong Wang, Lawrence A. Johnson

Food Science and Human Nutrition Patents

The invention presents novel corn fermentation processes that remove the oil-rich fraction either during or after fermentation instead of before fermentation as usual. Besides recovery of high value oil-rich fraction of the corn, the processes also produce other value-added co-products such as that with high fiber or high protein but low oil contents.


High Quality Proteins Can Impact Circulating Homocysteine Levels., Kevin L. Schalinske 2010 Iowa State University

High Quality Proteins Can Impact Circulating Homocysteine Levels., Kevin L. Schalinske

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

The amino acid composition of a protein can tell you a lot about it’s health implications. For example a protein source high in sulfur amino acids (methionine and cysteine) can affect methionine metabolism and, ultimately, health. Cysteine is a conditionally essential amino acid, because it can be synthesized endogenously from methionine. Thus, when a dietary protein provides enough methionine beyond the need for cellular protein synthesis, the remaining surplus can be used to synthesize cysteine. Therefore, when a dietary protein has a cysteine concentration in balance with methionine, the need to utilize methionine for its synthesis is reduced. This ...


Effects Of Kernel Breakage And Fermentation On Corn Germ Integrity And Oil Quality, Hui Wang, Tong Wang, Lawrence A. Johnson 2010 Iowa State University

Effects Of Kernel Breakage And Fermentation On Corn Germ Integrity And Oil Quality, Hui Wang, Tong Wang, Lawrence A. Johnson

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

To investigate the ability of corn germ to withstand the fuel ethanol fermentation process without major damage to germ integrity and germ oil quality, five treatments were designed to explore degerming before fermentation (front-end) and after fermentation (tail-end), and the feasibility of breaking the kernel with minimum shear forces (wet-split). Germ from low-shear (wet-split) tail-end degerming maintained its integrity during the process. The wet-grind pretreatment caused 22% germ damage, and the subsequent fermentation caused 18% additional germ damage. The germ recovered after fermentation showed physical strength similar to that of those isolated by wet means before fermentation. The oils extracted ...


Enzyme-Assisted De-Emulsification Of Aqueous Lipid Extracts, Christopher Penet, Peter Birschbach, Buddhi P. Lamsal, Lawrence A. Johnson, Stephanie E. Glatz, Charles E. Glatz, Cheng Zhang, Jianping Wu 2010 Iowa State University

Enzyme-Assisted De-Emulsification Of Aqueous Lipid Extracts, Christopher Penet, Peter Birschbach, Buddhi P. Lamsal, Lawrence A. Johnson, Stephanie E. Glatz, Charles E. Glatz, Cheng Zhang, Jianping Wu

Food Science and Human Nutrition Patents

Compositions and processes for destabilizing an oil-in-water emulsion resulting from the aqueous solvent extraction of plant oils are disclosed. The processes comprise the use of one or more enzyme activities including phospholipase and protease activity. The processes are useful for improving the extraction of oil from oilseeds, as well as for obtaining more desirable proteins from those oilseeds.


Individual And Interactional Effects Of Β-Glucan, Starch, And Protein On Pasting Properties Of Oat Flours, Yanjun Liu, Theodore B. Bailey, Pamela J. White 2010 Iowa State University

Individual And Interactional Effects Of Β-Glucan, Starch, And Protein On Pasting Properties Of Oat Flours, Yanjun Liu, Theodore B. Bailey, Pamela J. White

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Seven experimental oat lines with high (6.2−7.2%), medium (5.5−5.9%), and low (4.4−5.3%) β-glucan concentrations were evaluated for contributions of β-glucan, starch, protein, and their interactions, to pasting properties of oat flours by using a Rapid Visco Analyser (RVA, Newport Scientific, Warriewood, NSW, Australia). Significant correlations (P < 0.05) between β-glucan concentration and pasting parameters of oat slurries were obtained under autolysis without 1 h of incubation, inhibition, and amylolysis. The relative decrease of viscosity after enzymatic hydrolysis of β-glucan correlated with β-glucan concentration (P < 0.05). These data demonstrated the important contribution of β-glucan to pasting. The relative decrease of viscosity after either amylolysis or enzymatic removal of protein correlated with β-glucan concentration (P < 0.1), which might be explained by the considerable contribution of the interaction of β-glucan with starch and protein, to pasting. The viscosity decrease by hydrolysis of protein was much greater than the actual viscosity remaining after hydrolysis of both β-glucan and starch, reconfirming the importance of interactions between protein and other oat components to pasting. Optimal multiple linear regression (MLR) models were generated to predict key pasting parameters in both buffer without 1 h of incubation and silver nitrate solution by using a stepwise procedure. The β-glucan concentration alone or together with the concentration of starch, rather than protein, was selected as the predictor under certain conditions. These results illustrated the major unit contribution of β-glucan, secondary unit contribution of starch, and minimal unit contribution of protein to pasting.


Physical Characteristics And Metal Binding Applications Of Chitosan Films, Joshua B. Jones 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Physical Characteristics And Metal Binding Applications Of Chitosan Films, Joshua B. Jones

Masters Theses

Chitosan films are an excellent media for binding metal ions due to the electrostatic nature of the chitosan molecules. Addition of cross-linking or plasticizing agents alters texture of the films, but their effect on metal-binding capacity has not been fully characterized. The objective of this research was to determine effects of plasticizers and cross-linkers on physical and metal-binding properties of chitosan films and coatings prepared by casting and by spincoating. Chitosan films were prepared using 1% w/w chitosan in 1% acetic acid with or without (control) additives. Plasticizing agents were tetraethylene glycol (TEG) and glycerol while citric acid, ethylenediamine ...


Effect Of Hydrothermal Processing On Colour, Antioxidant And Free Radical Scavenging Capacities Of Edible Irish Brown Seaweeds, Gaurav Rajauria, Amit Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam, Shilpi Gupta 2010 Technological University Dublin

Effect Of Hydrothermal Processing On Colour, Antioxidant And Free Radical Scavenging Capacities Of Edible Irish Brown Seaweeds, Gaurav Rajauria, Amit Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam, Shilpi Gupta

Articles

The effect of heat processing on change in colour (ΔE), level of bioactive compounds and overall antioxidant capacity in raw and heat processed Irish brown seaweeds was investigated. Raw seaweeds were heated at 85, 95, 100, 110 and 121 °C for 15 min in an autoclave and the samples were extracted with 60% methanol. Total phenol (TPC), total tannin (TTC), DPPH• scavenging and metal chelating ability (FIC) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) at 85 °C while the value of ΔE, total flavonoid (TFC), total sugar (TSC), lipid peroxidation and H2O2 scavenging capacity were higher at 95 °C, as compared to raw seaweeds, in all the species studied. Results showed that heat treatment affects not only the content of bioactive compounds in seaweeds but also beneficial biological activity associated with these compounds which can suggest new processing for the application of seaweeds extract as nutraceutical.


Rapid Multi-Class Multi-Residue Method For The Confirmation Of Chloramphenicol And Eleven Nitroimidazoles In Milk And Honey By Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Mark Cronly, Patrice Behan, Barry Foley, Liam Regan, Sheila Martin, Michael Doyle, Edward Malone 2010 Technological University Dublin

Rapid Multi-Class Multi-Residue Method For The Confirmation Of Chloramphenicol And Eleven Nitroimidazoles In Milk And Honey By Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Mark Cronly, Patrice Behan, Barry Foley, Liam Regan, Sheila Martin, Michael Doyle, Edward Malone

Articles

A confirmatory method has been developed to allow for the analysis of eleven nitroimidazoles and also chloramphenicol in milk and honey samples. These compounds are classified as A6 compounds in annex IV of council regulation 2377/90 and therefore prohibited for the use in animal husbandry. Milk samples are extracted by acetonitrile with addition of NaCl, while honey samples are first dissolved in water before a similar extraction. Honey extracts undergo a hexane wash to remove impurities. Both milk and honey extracts are evaporated to dryness and reconstituted in initial mobile phase. These are then injected onto an LC-MS/MS ...


Terpene Ester Compounds As Autoxidation Inhibitors For Frying Oils, Pamela J. White, Earl G. Hammond, Baran O. Ulusoy 2010 Iowa State University

Terpene Ester Compounds As Autoxidation Inhibitors For Frying Oils, Pamela J. White, Earl G. Hammond, Baran O. Ulusoy

Iowa State University Patents

The present invention relates to a method of preventing or reducing oxidation of a frying oil during frying. The method involves adding a terpene ester compound, including a terpenol esterified to a fatty acid, to a frying oil under conditions effective to prevent or reduce oxidation of the frying oil during frying. Also disclosed are frying oil compositions containing a frying oil and a terpene ester compound including a terpenol esterified to a fatty acid, as well as food products fried with such frying oil compositions.


Exotic Corn Lines With Increased Resistant Starch And Impact On Starch Thermal Characteristics, Kim A. Rohlfing, Linda M. Pollak, Pamela J. White 2010 Iowa State University

Exotic Corn Lines With Increased Resistant Starch And Impact On Starch Thermal Characteristics, Kim A. Rohlfing, Linda M. Pollak, Pamela J. White

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Ten parent corn lines, including four mutants (dull sugary2, amyloseextender sugary2, amylose-extender dull, and an amylose-extender with introgressed Guatemalen germplasm [GUAT ae]) and six lines with introgressed exotic germplasm backgrounds, were crossed with each other to create 20 progeny crosses to increase resistant starch (RS) as a dietary fiber in corn starch and to provide materials for thermal evaluation. The resistant starch 2 (RS2) values from the 10 parent lines were 18.3–52.2% and the values from the 20 progeny crosses were 16.6–34.0%. The %RS2 of parents was not additive in the offspring but greater ...


Antioxidant Capacity And Polyphenol Content Of Brown Seaweeds After Heat Processing, Gaurav Rajauria, Shilpi Gupta, Nissreen Abu-ghannam, Amit Jaiswal 2010 Technological University Dublin

Antioxidant Capacity And Polyphenol Content Of Brown Seaweeds After Heat Processing, Gaurav Rajauria, Shilpi Gupta, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam, Amit Jaiswal

Articles

Seaweeds or marine macroalgae are renewable living resources which are also used as food, feed and fertilizer in many parts of the world. They are able to produce a great variety of secondary metabolites characterized by a broad spectrum of biological behavior such as antibacterial and antioxidant activities. The effect of heat treatment was investigated on the level of bioactive compounds and changes in the overall antioxidant capacity of edible Irish brown seaweeds namely Himanthalia elongata, Laminaria saccharina and Laminaria digitata. In order to make the seaweeds safe and edible, they were heated at 85, 95, 100, 110 and 121 ...


The Role Of Plasmalogen In The Oxidative Stability Of Neutral Lipids And Phospholipids, Guang Wang, Tong Wang 2010 Iowa State University

The Role Of Plasmalogen In The Oxidative Stability Of Neutral Lipids And Phospholipids, Guang Wang, Tong Wang

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

The role of ethanolamine plasmalogen extracted from bovine brain (BBEP) in maintaining oxidative stability of bulk soybean oil and liposome made with egg phospholipids (PL) was studied. In a purified soybean oil (PSO), the addition of 200 and 1000 ppm of BBEP promoted lipid oxidation at rates of 0.037 and 0.071 (all rates in ln (PV) h−1, and PV stands for peroxide value), whereas soy lecithin (SL) added in the same amount showed a trend similar to the PSO blank, which had an oxidation rate of 0.025. The PSO with BBEP was susceptible to cupric ion ...


In Vitro Bile-Acid Binding And Fermentation Of High, Medium, And Low Molecular Weight Β-Glucan, Hyun Jung Kim, Pamela J. White 2010 Iowa State University

In Vitro Bile-Acid Binding And Fermentation Of High, Medium, And Low Molecular Weight Β-Glucan, Hyun Jung Kim, Pamela J. White

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

The impact of β-glucan molecular weight (MW) on in vitro bile-acid binding and in vitrofermentation with human fecal flora was evaluated. β-Glucan extracted from oat line ‘N979-5-4’ was treated with lichenase (1,3−1,4-β-d-glucanase) to yield high (6.87 × 105 g/mol), medium (3.71 × 105 g/mol), and low (1.56 × 105 g/mol) MW fractions. The low MW β-glucan bound more bile acid than did the high MW β-glucan (p < 0.05). If the positive control, cholestyramine, was considered to bind bile acid at 100%, the relative bile-acid binding of the original oat flour and the extracted β-glucan with high, medium, and low MW was 15, 27, 24, and 21%, respectively. Significant effects of high, medium, and low MW β-glucans on total SCFA were observed compared to the blank without substrate (p < 0.05). There were no differences in pH changes and total gas production among high, medium, and low MW β-glucans, and lactulose. The low MW β-glucan produced greater amounts of SCFA than the high MW after 24 h of fermentation. Among the major SCFA, more propionate was produced from all MW fractions of extracted β-glucans than from lactulose. In vitro fermentation of extracted β-glucan fractions with different MW lowered pH and produced SCFA, providing potential biological function.


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