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2018

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Articles 31 - 60 of 26550

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Asia As Method: Toward Deimperialization, Ade Solihat Dec 2018

Asia As Method: Toward Deimperialization, Ade Solihat

Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya

No abstract provided.


Adverse Childhood Experiences And Deleterious Outcomes In Adulthood: A Consideration Of The Simultaneous Role Of Genetic And Environmental Influences In Two Independent Samples From The United States, Joseph A. Schwartz, Emily M. Wright, Bradon A. Valgardson Dec 2018

Adverse Childhood Experiences And Deleterious Outcomes In Adulthood: A Consideration Of The Simultaneous Role Of Genetic And Environmental Influences In Two Independent Samples From The United States, Joseph A. Schwartz, Emily M. Wright, Bradon A. Valgardson

Criminology and Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

Background

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a potent risk factor. Despite these findings, studies have also recognized the importance of considering additional sources of genetic and environmental influence that cluster within families.

Objective

To properly control for latent sources of genetic and within-family environmental influences and isolate the association between ACEs and the following outcomes in adulthood: physical health, depressive symptoms, educational attainment, income attainment, alcohol problems, and antisocial behavior.

Participants and Setting

Two independent samples of twins and siblings from the United States: the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) study (N = 862) and the National …


Semantic Originalism, Moral Kinds, And The Meaning Of The Constitution, Ash Mcmurray Dec 2018

Semantic Originalism, Moral Kinds, And The Meaning Of The Constitution, Ash Mcmurray

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The End Of The Nobel Era And The Reconstruction Of The World Republic Of Letters, Guohua Zhu, Yonghua Tang Dec 2018

The End Of The Nobel Era And The Reconstruction Of The World Republic Of Letters, Guohua Zhu, Yonghua Tang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "The End of the Nobel Era and the Reconstruction of the World Republic of Letters" Guohua Zhu and Yonghua Tang critically examine mechanisms of cultural hegemony associated with the Nobel Prize in Literature from a neocolonial lens. Borrowing from Casanova's idea of the "World Republic of Letters" and its attentiveness to geopolitics, the essay proceeds to reconstruct the dialectical relations between the nation and the world. It does so, in the first place, by documenting and analyzing the process of negotiation and bargaining entailed in the construction of global cultural hegemony and thereby examine the functions and …


Sago As An Environmentally Sustainable Food Resource In The Climate Change Era, Saptarining Wulan Dec 2018

Sago As An Environmentally Sustainable Food Resource In The Climate Change Era, Saptarining Wulan

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

This current study is focused on measuring the life cycle assessment of the sustainability of sago palm cultivated on peatlands. A previous theory suggested that while food production tends to increase arithmetically, population tends to increase naturally at a faster geometric rate that may cause hunger and/or starvation in the future generation. Land is a limited resource, and to address the rapidly increasing population, peatland cultivation has become popular as a result in the recent times. Rice is the main staple food in Indonesia with a consumption of >90 kg/capita/year. Sago palm is an indigenous plant that abundantly grows in …


Cover Dec 2018

Cover

Issues in Religion and Psychotherapy

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Dec 2018

Front Matter

Issues in Religion and Psychotherapy

No abstract provided.


Between Identity And Truth: A Christ-Centered Perspective On Emotion, Mauro Properzi Dec 2018

Between Identity And Truth: A Christ-Centered Perspective On Emotion, Mauro Properzi

Issues in Religion and Psychotherapy

Emotions are receiving a lot of attention in both academic and popular circles. In fact, our culture is increasingly characterized by emotionality in thought, expression, and personal interaction, with some positive but also many negative consequences. How should Christians respond to these developments in the secular culture? A Christ-centered approach to the emotions is the general theological foundation on which we need to ground our reflections and decisions about their nature and significance. Specifi- cally, by deepening our understanding of Jesus’s teachings on His identity, telos, life-giving reality, and sanctifying power, as aptly described in John 14:6, we may experience …


Patience As A Development Virtue And Common Therapeutic Factor, Vaughn E. Worthen Ph.D. Dec 2018

Patience As A Development Virtue And Common Therapeutic Factor, Vaughn E. Worthen Ph.D.

Issues in Religion and Psychotherapy

This article provides an overview of patience and its associated constructs by examining its role in five domains: (a) confidence and control; (b) distress tolerance; (c) relationship development, maintenance, and repair; (d) character development; and (e) spiritual maturation. It highlights initial evidence that patience contributes to increased self-regulation and impulse control, distress tolerance, self-compassion, mindfulness, empathy in relationships, perspective taking, use of cognitive reappraisals, prosocial ori- entation, character development, and spiritual maturation. Patience helps with coping with anxiety and depression, aids with handling uncertainty, facilitates relationship maintenance and repair, and sustains the ability to manage the ambiguities present during faith …


Religious Perfectionism: Utilizing Models Of Perfectionism In Treating Religious Clients, Michael D. Adams Dec 2018

Religious Perfectionism: Utilizing Models Of Perfectionism In Treating Religious Clients, Michael D. Adams

Issues in Religion and Psychotherapy

Past research has asserted that members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (i.e., Mormons) have high rates of religious perfectionism. A historical investigation was performed exam- ining how the perception of perfectionism has changed within the field of psychology. The study first investigates early viewpoints (e.g., Freud, Horney, Adler, Ellis, Beck) that unanimously perceived perfectionism as negative and debilitating in an individual’s psychological adjustment. New research, which understood and measured perfectionism as a multidimensional construct, found both positive and negative components of perfectionism. Different theoretical understandings of perfectionism (e.g., behavioral, attachment, self-conscious emotions, acceptance, Big Five personality …


The Citizens’ Participation Of Household Solid Waste Management And Monitoring Of Household Solid Waste Separation In Kelurahan Abadijaya, Kecamatan Sukmajaya, Depok, Zakianis Zakianis, Pratiwi Koesoemawardani, Sifa Fauzia, Muhammad Mustaghfiri Asror, Erin Ferliana Dec 2018

The Citizens’ Participation Of Household Solid Waste Management And Monitoring Of Household Solid Waste Separation In Kelurahan Abadijaya, Kecamatan Sukmajaya, Depok, Zakianis Zakianis, Pratiwi Koesoemawardani, Sifa Fauzia, Muhammad Mustaghfiri Asror, Erin Ferliana

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

In Indonesia, sites for TPA (landfills) as final waste dumping are still inlimited supply. Meanwhile, the amount of recycled waste is still low due to thelack of awareness about how to sort household waste. The citizens’participation activity for this study aimed to increase awareness about how tosort household waste by involving the stakeholders. The method used for thecitizens participation activity was obtained through four stages, includingadvocacy, counseling for garbage collectors, counseling for households, andmonitoring the waste sorting behavior in households. The obtained results arebased on a 100% attendance at counseling by both the stakeholders and thegarbage collectors. There is a …


Health Care Service For Leprosy Patients In Sitanala Tangerang (A Proposed Approach Of Comprehensive Health Care For Leprosy Patient), Yunia Irawati, Yeni Dwi Lestari, Anna Puspitasari Bani, Sri Linuwih Menaldi, Luh Karunia Wahyuni, Dewinta Retno Kurniawardhani Dec 2018

Health Care Service For Leprosy Patients In Sitanala Tangerang (A Proposed Approach Of Comprehensive Health Care For Leprosy Patient), Yunia Irawati, Yeni Dwi Lestari, Anna Puspitasari Bani, Sri Linuwih Menaldi, Luh Karunia Wahyuni, Dewinta Retno Kurniawardhani

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

Based on WHO data, Indonesia has the third largest leprosy burden in the world, afterIndia and Brazil. Although leprosy was declared to be eliminated in severalprovinces, there are still several leprosy settlements spread in Indonesia. Oneof these settlements is Neglasari village in Tangerang City, West Java, whereleprosy patients have been living since 1981. There is a scarcity ofinformation regarding the features of leprosy in Indonesia, especially aboutthe description of the patients’ posttreatment condition in terms of bothclinical sequelae and health services provided. A collaboration betweenmultiple departments of Ophthalmology, Dermatovenereology, and MedicalRehabilitation from the Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital/Universitas Indonesia,Jakarta, was established in …


Community Engagement In Teaching-Learning: A Pathway To Quality Education, Geraldine Villaluz, Mariter Malonjao, Carina Trinidad, Marlon Bojos Dec 2018

Community Engagement In Teaching-Learning: A Pathway To Quality Education, Geraldine Villaluz, Mariter Malonjao, Carina Trinidad, Marlon Bojos

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

In response to the demands of a changing educational system in the Philippines,this study sought to improve learning performance and faculty developmentthrough professional learning community engagement using a research lessonframework, a Japanese approach to professional development. The purpose is toidentify how effective research lessons and community engagement can be inimproving the quality of teacher and student performance. Using a narrativeinquiry approach within a research lesson framework with four classes of SocialDimensions of Education and pre-service teachers, the study results netted arich exchange of ideas, engaged student and teacher performance, anddeconstructed the privacy of lesson planning.


Planning Green Patch: Towards An Ecological Place Of Ciliwung Condet, Rini Suryantini, Galavia Permata, Dini Puti Angelia Dec 2018

Planning Green Patch: Towards An Ecological Place Of Ciliwung Condet, Rini Suryantini, Galavia Permata, Dini Puti Angelia

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

This paperillustrates a program to plan a green patch of Ciliwung river landscape througha participatory process involving the community in Condet, East Jakarta. It isbelieved that native knowledge of the river and the riparian, which can only berevealed by the locals, becomes significant to understanding the dynamics ofthe place and to generating a masterplan. Through interviews, focus groupdiscussion and participatory mapping, their everyday experience in utilizingthe landscape can be recognized. Instead of concrete revetment and heightenedlevees along the river, native vegetation is identified and developed, as it isconsidered as key in restoring the ecosystem and generating programs on thelandscape. The …


Preface, Table Of Contents, & Acknowledgments, Herdis Herdiansyah Dec 2018

Preface, Table Of Contents, & Acknowledgments, Herdis Herdiansyah

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development (JESSD) is an international, interdisciplinary, double-blind peer-reviewed, and open-access journal established in 2018. Published by School of Environmental Science of Universitas Indonesia (http://sil.ui.ac.id/), the JESSD provides an opportunity for academics, practitioners, and community representatives to examine, exchange, and reflect on a wide range of issues relating to environmental science and sustainable development in the developing countries especially in ASEAN region. On this first edition of the JESSD, we present eight papers with various topics related to the scope of the JESSD. Those eight papers are coming from different affiliations, including many different universities …


Is Sustainable Oil Palm Production Possible For Smallholders?, Aloysius Suratin, Mahawan Karuniasa, Suyud Warno Utomo Dec 2018

Is Sustainable Oil Palm Production Possible For Smallholders?, Aloysius Suratin, Mahawan Karuniasa, Suyud Warno Utomo

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Decoupling resource use efficiency and ecological impacts are two challenges of oil palm smallholders in Indonesia. This study aims to find option for increasing productivity among smallholder and to reduce the environmental impacts of nutrient management in their plantations. We adopted UNEP’s definition of resource and impact decoupling as a tool to estimate resource decoupling rate and impact decoupling rate. The average smallholder’s resource decoupling rate from 2013 to 2017 is 0.86 kg fertilizer/kg fresh fruit bunch. This rate is 93.48% of the average of the companies (0.92 kg fertilizer/kg fresh fruit bunch) for the same period. Reducing the fertilizers …


Optimization Of Transportation Of Municipal Solid Waste From Resource To Intermediate Treatment Facility With Nearest Neighbour Method (Study On Six Sub Sub District In Dki Jakarta Province), Fahmi Hermawan Dec 2018

Optimization Of Transportation Of Municipal Solid Waste From Resource To Intermediate Treatment Facility With Nearest Neighbour Method (Study On Six Sub Sub District In Dki Jakarta Province), Fahmi Hermawan

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Population growth is always accompanied by an increase in waste generation. The issue of the increasing volume of waste becomes crucial if it is not balanced through proper handling efforts. The Provincial Government of DKI Jakarta through the Environment Agency of DKI Jakarta Province seeks to address the waste problem by constructing alternative facilities in the city’s waste processing facilities. The processing facilities referred to here are the Waste Power Generation or Intermediate Treatment Facility. The operational sustainability and the production output of the facility are influenced by the amount of waste supply as its raw material and are also …


Penyusunan Norma Tes Fisik Pencak Silat Remaja Kategori Tanding, Deny Pradana Saputro, Siswantoyo Siswantoyo Dec 2018

Penyusunan Norma Tes Fisik Pencak Silat Remaja Kategori Tanding, Deny Pradana Saputro, Siswantoyo Siswantoyo

Jurnal Keolahragaan

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: menyusun norma tes fisik pencak silat remaja kategori tanding. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei. Sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah atlet pencak silat remaja kategori tanding DIY yang berjumlah 42 atlet putra dan 46 atlet putri. Penyusunan norma menggunakan rumus norma 5 skala. Teknik analisis data menggunakan pearson correlation. Hasil penelitian berupa norma tes fisik pencak silat remaja kategori tanding yang terdiri dari 8 item tes, yaitu: fleksibilitas (sit and reach), kecepatan (sprint 30 meter), kekuatan lengan (push up 30 detik), kekuatan tungkai (wall sit test), kelincahan (side …


Model Latihan Core Stability Cabang Olahraga Renang Gaya Kupu-Kupu Untuk Usia 9-10 Tahun, Vian Octrialinanggih Pradana, Iwan Hermawan, Ika Novitaria Marani Dec 2018

Model Latihan Core Stability Cabang Olahraga Renang Gaya Kupu-Kupu Untuk Usia 9-10 Tahun, Vian Octrialinanggih Pradana, Iwan Hermawan, Ika Novitaria Marani

Jurnal Keolahragaan

Penelitian ini bertujuan menghasilkan produk model latihan core stability menggunakan stability ball cabang olahraga renang gaya kupu-kupu usia 9-10 tahun. Penelitian & Pengembangan ini menggunakan pendekatan Borg dan Gall. Subjek yang digunakan 20 atlet untuk uji coba kelompok kecil, 60 atlet untuk uji coba kelompok besar, dan 30 atlet untuk uji efektifitas produk. Model latihan core stability divalidasi ahli kepelatihan kondisi fisik dan ahli olahraga renang. Hasil uji coba kelompok kecil, model latihan core stability mendapat persentase rata-rata 82,20%. Hasil uji coba kelompok besar, model latihan core stability mendapat persentase rata-rata 79,60%. Uji efektivitas produk menggunakan tes kecepatan renang 50 …


The Spirituality Of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A Case Study, Stephen B. Morris Ph.D. Dec 2018

The Spirituality Of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: A Case Study, Stephen B. Morris Ph.D.

Issues in Religion and Psychotherapy

Although psychodynamic psychotherapy is effective and can be done briefly, it has fallen out of favor, especially with religiously oriented psychotherapists—including Latter-day Saint psychotherapists. The client in this case study is a 50-year-old, middle-class, Caucasian member of the Church. Using the case study as a framework, this paper describes and illustrates how psychodynamic psychotherapy can be seen as a spiritual endeavor that is compatible with both a traditional Christian orientation and a Latter-day Saint orientation. To the author’s knowledge, this is the first case report of psychodynamic psychotherapy with a Latter-day Saint client. This report may form part of the …


Analyzing Anger References In The Scriptures: Connections To Therapy In A Religious Context, Emily Swensen Darowski, Kristin L. Hansen, Aaron P. Jackson, Charles D. Flint, John Linford Dec 2018

Analyzing Anger References In The Scriptures: Connections To Therapy In A Religious Context, Emily Swensen Darowski, Kristin L. Hansen, Aaron P. Jackson, Charles D. Flint, John Linford

Issues in Religion and Psychotherapy

People navigate life more successfully and find more joy when they are able to regulate emotion in healthy ways. Teaching and helping clients regulate emotion in healthy ways is an important part of many psychotherapy approaches. In this paper, we focus on the emotion of anger from a theistic therapy perspective, arguing that understanding the nature of God’s anger and human anger in the scriptures can inform theistic therapy practice. To establish this understanding, we analyzed cases of the word anger in the scriptures through content analysis (e.g., quantitative) and hermeneutic analysis (e.g., qualitative). Findings revealed that, while God was …


Full Issue Dec 2018

Full Issue

Issues in Religion and Psychotherapy

No abstract provided.


Resistance To Neocolonialism In Contemporary Chinese Literary Theory, Zeng Jun Dec 2018

Resistance To Neocolonialism In Contemporary Chinese Literary Theory, Zeng Jun

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Resistance to Neocolonialism in Contemporary Chinese Literary Theory" Jun ZENG claims that the introduction of Western Literary Theory in the past forty years of China's reform and opening up was carried out under the background of neo-colonialism. "Western imagination" in the discourse of contemporary Chinese literary theory was an important aspect of the strategy of cultural resistance under the overwhelming influence of Western neocolonialism. Contemporary Chinese literary theory no longer simply regards Western literary theory in the twentieth century as a bourgeois literary ideology; instead, it adopts a "de-ideological" attitude to return to the issues of literature, …


Mo Yan’S Reception In China And A Reflection On The Postcolonial Discourse, Binghui Song Dec 2018

Mo Yan’S Reception In China And A Reflection On The Postcolonial Discourse, Binghui Song

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Mo Yan's Reception in China and a Reflection on the Postcolonial Discourse" Binghui Song argue that the controversial style and themes of Mo Yan's works are necessitated by the interconnected yet different contexts of China and the rest of the world, only by means of which Mo Yan can let his voice be heard. As one of the most excellent and unique contemporary Chinese writers, Mo Yan has exerted extensive influence on Chinese readers, and his works have also caused various controversies over the past 30 years. His winning of the Nobel Prize in Literature, rather than …


Karakteristik Psikologis Atlet Sea Games Indonesia Ditinjau Dari Jenis Cabang Olahraga Dan Jenis Kelamin, Yahya Eko Nopiyanto, Dimyati Dimyati Dec 2018

Karakteristik Psikologis Atlet Sea Games Indonesia Ditinjau Dari Jenis Cabang Olahraga Dan Jenis Kelamin, Yahya Eko Nopiyanto, Dimyati Dimyati

Jurnal Keolahragaan

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan: (1) karakteristik psikologis atlet SEA Games Indonesia ditinjau dari cabang olahraga individu, (2) ditinjau dari cabang olahraga tim, (3) perbedaan karakteristik psikologis atlet SEA Games Indonesia ditinjau dari cabang olahraga individu berdasarkan jenis kelamin, dan (4) olahraga tim berdasarkan jenis kelamin. Pendekatan penelitian ini adalah ex-post facto. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian populasi. Semua subjek dalam populasi diikutsertakan dalam penelitian dengan jumlah 273 atlet. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner The Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports. Teknik analisis data menggunakan independent sample t-test. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa: (1) karakteristik psikologis atlet …


Pengaruh Senam Aerobik Dan Yoga Terhadap Rasio Lingkar Pinggang Panggul Dan Tingkat Depresi Pada Wanita Primenopause, Danang Supratmanto, B. M. Wara Kushartanti Dec 2018

Pengaruh Senam Aerobik Dan Yoga Terhadap Rasio Lingkar Pinggang Panggul Dan Tingkat Depresi Pada Wanita Primenopause, Danang Supratmanto, B. M. Wara Kushartanti

Jurnal Keolahragaan

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mengetahui seberapa jauh efektivitas antara senam aerobik dan yoga terhadap penurunan Rasio Lingkar Pinggang Panggul (RLPP) dan penurunan tingkat depresi pada wanita perimenopause, (2) mengetahui mana yang paling efektif dari senam aerobik dan yoga terhadap penurunan RLPP dan penurunan tingkat depresi pada wanita perimenopause. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian true-eksperimental design dengan desain tiga kelompok dengan tes awal dan tes akhir serta kelompok kontrol. Subjek penelitian ini adalah wanita yang memasuki masa perimenopause, usia mulai 40 tahun. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan probability sampling dengan jenis tipe simple random sampling dengan total responden sebanyak 60 …


Perbedaan Tingkat Keberhasilan 3 Metode Ekualisasi Pada Penyelam Terlatih Di Lingkungan Air Tawar, Bonifacius Arbanto, Kukuh Pambuka Putra, Muchamad Arif Al Ardha Dec 2018

Perbedaan Tingkat Keberhasilan 3 Metode Ekualisasi Pada Penyelam Terlatih Di Lingkungan Air Tawar, Bonifacius Arbanto, Kukuh Pambuka Putra, Muchamad Arif Al Ardha

Jurnal Keolahragaan

Penyelam mengalami penambahan tekanan lingkungan ketika bergerak turun menambah kedalaman penyelaman. Tekanan tersebut menyebabkan volume ruang udara dalam telinga tengah berkurang dan dapat menyebabkan barotrauma dan kerusakan membran timpani. Tekanan tersebut harus diseimbangkan dengan cara melakukan ekualisasi. Ada tiga metode ekualisasi, yaitu metode valsava, toynbee dan menggerakkan rahang. Namun belum diketahui metode mana yang memiliki tingkat keberhasilan tertinggi. Penelitian ini mempelajari tingkat keberhasilan ketiga metode ekualisasi dengan membandingkan kedalaman yang berhasil dicapai oleh penyelam menggunakan tiga metode yang berbeda. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 40 orang penyelam terlatih di lingkungan kolam air tawar dengan kedalaman 5 meter. Variabel yang diukur adalah …


An Initial Exploration On Terrorism Issues In Malaysia And Indonesia: The Case Of The Wall Street Journal, Fauziah Hassan, Sofia Hayati Yuso㯬‚¬, Siti Zobidah Omar Dec 2018

An Initial Exploration On Terrorism Issues In Malaysia And Indonesia: The Case Of The Wall Street Journal, Fauziah Hassan, Sofia Hayati Yuso㯬‚¬, Siti Zobidah Omar

Informasi

The symbiotic relationship between Islam and media is inevitable. The frequent of media coverage about Islam has been researched by many especially since the remarkable incident of September 11 in 2001. From that moment, Islam has been viewed and labelled as negative by the Western media specifically to the Muslims living in America and those in the Middle East countries. This phenomenon has been contagious to the Muslims in Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia and Indonesia as these two countries are believed to have a connection with recent terrorist groups such as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant …


The Effect Of Science Technology And Society Models On Science Process Skills, Agatha Asih Nugraheni, Wuri Wuryandani Dec 2018

The Effect Of Science Technology And Society Models On Science Process Skills, Agatha Asih Nugraheni, Wuri Wuryandani

Informasi

This study aims to integrate the Science Technology and Society models on the students' processes in grade IV elementary school. The implementation of this study uses a quantitative approach with a type of quasi-experimental research. The population of the study sample was calculated from the second class, namely the fourth grade of SD Negeri Margoagung as the experimental class and class IV SD Ngino 1 as the control class. Data analysis is an independent sample t-test. The results showed that there was a significant influence of the Science and Community Technology model on the process skills of the fourth grade …


Media Literacy And Social Media Usage Analysis In Communication And Non-Communication Students Of University Of Amikom Yogyakarta, Dendy Suseno Adhiarso, Mohammad Suyanto Dec 2018

Media Literacy And Social Media Usage Analysis In Communication And Non-Communication Students Of University Of Amikom Yogyakarta, Dendy Suseno Adhiarso, Mohammad Suyanto

Informasi

Media literacy is the ability to understand, analyze, and deconstruct media images. The ability to do it is intended that the public as a media consumer becomes aware of how the media are built and accessed. The aims of this study are (1) to study the level of media literacy and social media usage patterns in communication and non-communication students. (2) to know the correlation between media literacy and social media usage patterns in communication and non-communication students. (3) comparing media literacy and social media usage patterns in communication and non-communication students. The population in this study were students …