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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith Feb 2999

Pvc-Lot-015-E-011, Russell Smith

Four Valleys Archive

No abstract provided.


Exploring Faculty Perspectives On Text Selection And Textbook Affordability, Rachel E. Scott, Mallory Jallas, Julie A. Murphy, Rachel Park, Anne Shelley Jan 2023

Exploring Faculty Perspectives On Text Selection And Textbook Affordability, Rachel E. Scott, Mallory Jallas, Julie A. Murphy, Rachel Park, Anne Shelley

Faculty and Staff Publications – Milner Library

This paper reports the results of a pilot project conducted Spring 2021 in which Milner Library licensed 75 assigned texts to 52 courses at Illinois State University. The authors used the pilot as a springboard to explore faculty perspectives on textbook selection, textbook affordability, and the role of the academic library in addressing the rising cost of textbooks. The results highlight the strong, and often deeply personal, beliefs faculty hold about textbook selection and textbook affordability, reveal several obstacles to achieving affordable access to course readings, and demonstrate the willingness of some faculty to partner with librarians and other institutional ...


Variation And Efficiency Of High-Frequency Betas, Congshan Zhang, Jia Li, Viktor Todorov, George. Tauchen Dec 2022

Variation And Efficiency Of High-Frequency Betas, Congshan Zhang, Jia Li, Viktor Todorov, George. Tauchen

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper studies the efficient estimation of betas from high-frequency return data on a fixed time interval. Under an assumption of equal diffusive and jump betas, we derive the semiparametric efficiency bound for estimating the common beta and develop an adaptive estimator that attains the efficiency bound. We further propose a Hausman type test for deciding whether the common beta assumption is true from the high-frequency data. In our empirical analysis we provide examples of stocks and time periods for which a common market beta assumption appears true and ones for which this is not the case. We further quantify ...


Associations Of The Covid-19 Pandemic With Older Individuals' Healthcare Utilization And Self-Reported Health Status: A Longitudinal Analysis From Singapore, Sangnam Ahn, Seonghoon Kim, Kanghyock Koh Dec 2022

Associations Of The Covid-19 Pandemic With Older Individuals' Healthcare Utilization And Self-Reported Health Status: A Longitudinal Analysis From Singapore, Sangnam Ahn, Seonghoon Kim, Kanghyock Koh

Research Collection School Of Economics

Background: The COVID–19 pandemic has challenged the capacity of healthcare systems around the world and can potentially compromise healthcare utilization and health outcomes among non-COVID–19 patients. Objectives: To examine the associations of the COVID-19 pandemic with healthcare utilization, out-of-pocket medical costs, and perceived health among middle-aged and older individuals in Singapore. Method: Utilizing data collected from a monthly panel survey, a difference-in-differences approach was used to characterize monthly changes of healthcare use and spending and estimate the probability of being diagnosed with a chronic condition and self-reported health status before and during the COVID-19 outbreak in 2020. Subjects ...


Developing A Lifestyle Intervention Program For Overweight Or Obese Preconception, Pregnant And Postpartum Women Using Qualitative Methods, Chee Wai Ku, Shu Hui Leow, Lay See Ong, Christina Erwin, Isabella Ong, Xiang Wen Ng, Jacinth Jia Xin Tan, Fabian Yap, Jerry K. Y. Chan, See Ling Loy Dec 2022

Developing A Lifestyle Intervention Program For Overweight Or Obese Preconception, Pregnant And Postpartum Women Using Qualitative Methods, Chee Wai Ku, Shu Hui Leow, Lay See Ong, Christina Erwin, Isabella Ong, Xiang Wen Ng, Jacinth Jia Xin Tan, Fabian Yap, Jerry K. Y. Chan, See Ling Loy

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The time period before, during and after pregnancy represents a unique opportunity for interventions to cultivate sustained healthy lifestyle behaviors to improve the metabolic health of mothers and their offspring. However, the success of a lifestyle intervention is dependent on uptake and continued compliance. To identify enablers and barriers towards engagement with a lifestyle intervention, thematic analysis of 15 in-depth interviews with overweight or obese women in the preconception, pregnancy or postpartum periods was undertaken, using the integrated-Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework as a guide to systematically chart factors influencing adoption of a novel lifestyle intervention ...


The View From Somewhere: Institutional Values In Collections Decisions, Heather A. Howard, David Zwicky, Danielle Walker Nov 2022

The View From Somewhere: Institutional Values In Collections Decisions, Heather A. Howard, David Zwicky, Danielle Walker

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

As educational institutions consider our values and ethical standards in the wake of 2020, libraries need to scrutinize how those values and standards connect with our licensing and purchasing decisions. “Critical Librarianship”, which is based on a foundation of social justice, the belief that everyone deserves equal opportunities and basic economic, political, and social rights, is at the forefront of work being done by librarians across the country. There is an existing body of literature about the contents of the library collections themselves, with respect to issues like decolonization and open access. These collections, used by students, instructors, and researchers ...


British Neocolonialism In Malaya And Singapore, And Us Empire In The Pacific, Wen-Qing Ngoei Nov 2022

British Neocolonialism In Malaya And Singapore, And Us Empire In The Pacific, Wen-Qing Ngoei

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This essay places the Vietnam War upon that larger canvas of Southeast and East Asian history by studying the long shadow that Britain’s Empire cast over U.S. entanglements across the region. Though historians have studied Anglo-American relations in Cold War Southeast Asia, scholarship on the subject remains piecemeal. There are valuable studies of U.S.-British interactions in the early 1960s with respect to the Vietnam conflict or the Indonesia-Malaysia rivalry known as the Confrontation. And there are insightful considerations of U.S. reactions to Britain’s pull-out from Singapore from the end of the 1960s. But only ...


2021-2022 Women's Volleyball Statistics, Cedarville University Oct 2022

2021-2022 Women's Volleyball Statistics, Cedarville University

Volleyball Statistics

No abstract provided.


Improved Marginal Likelihood Estimation Via Power Posteriors And Importance Sampling, Yong Li, Nianling Wang, Jun Yu Sep 2022

Improved Marginal Likelihood Estimation Via Power Posteriors And Importance Sampling, Yong Li, Nianling Wang, Jun Yu

Research Collection School Of Economics

Power posteriors have become popular in estimating the marginal likelihood of a Bayesian model. A power posterior is referred to as the posterior distribution that is proportional to the likelihood raised to a power b∈[0,1]. Important power-posterior-based algorithms include thermodynamic integration (TI) of Friel and Pettitt (2008) and steppingstone sampling (SS) of Xie et al. (2011). In this paper, it is shown that the Bernstein–von Mises (BvM) theorem holds for power posteriors under regularity conditions. Due to the BvM theorem, power posteriors, when adjusted by the square root of the auxiliary constant, have the same limit distribution ...


Coach And Athlete Perceptions Of The Effects Of The Menstrual Cycle On Female Athletic Performance, Erin Dietz Jul 2022

Coach And Athlete Perceptions Of The Effects Of The Menstrual Cycle On Female Athletic Performance, Erin Dietz

Honors Projects

The purpose of this study is to examine the knowledge of the effects of the menstrual cycle on female athletic performance from both athletes and their coaches at the NCAA Division III level. Recommendations for coaches based on the findings of the research are provided. The study investigates whether female athletes and their coaches are aware of the physiological and psychological effects of the menstrual cycle and how they are managed throughout the course of a sport season.


Developing Competencies For Outreach Work In Academic Libraries, Rebecca Metzger, John Jackson Jul 2022

Developing Competencies For Outreach Work In Academic Libraries, Rebecca Metzger, John Jackson

LMU Librarian Publications & Presentations

This research study investigates the behaviors, knowledge, and skills necessary for academic library outreach work. Through a review of published literature, job advertisements, and a survey of library practitioners conducted in the fall of 2020, the authors define and prioritize 18 competencies for outreach. Hiring managers, LIS instructors, and practitioners can utilize the results of this study to structure and lay out the essential areas of outreach work in academic libraries.


What, Why And How Financial Development Matters: Evidence Of Asean-5, Asia-5 And Oecd-7 Economies, Swee Liang Tan Jul 2022

What, Why And How Financial Development Matters: Evidence Of Asean-5, Asia-5 And Oecd-7 Economies, Swee Liang Tan

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper analyzed the association between bank and capital markets financial development with income per capita in three regions; ASEAN-5 economies (Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia), Asia-5 (Japan, China, Hong Kong SAR, South Korea and India) and OECD-7 (Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, UK and US) from 2000 to 2017 using panel data regressions. A ley lesson ASEAN-5 can learn from Asia-5 and OECD-7 experience is that bank size does matter despite digital disruptions to their banking system; yet large financial structure that favors banks is negatively associated with Asia-5, and importantly, efficient banking system (not bank size alone) is ...


Ua52/1 Out Of The Box, Wku Archives Jul 2022

Ua52/1 Out Of The Box, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by and about WKU Archives, the records management program and TopScholar administration.


Sociodemographic Determinants Of Librarians’ Psychological Wellbeing: An Ex-Post Facto Research, Christian S. Ugwuanyi Phd Jul 2022

Sociodemographic Determinants Of Librarians’ Psychological Wellbeing: An Ex-Post Facto Research, Christian S. Ugwuanyi Phd

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Considering the enormous responsibilities placed on school librarians, this study explored the sociodemographic determinants of school librarians’ psychological wellbeing in Nigeria. This study used an ex-post facto research design. Drawing from the scientific research paradigm and quantitative research approach, data were obtained on 145 school librarians using the Psychological wellbeing scale (α = .82). The 145 librarians were sampled from both Federal and state Universities in southeast Nigeria. The data were analysed using the mean and analysis of variance. The study found that, while age had no significant (p > .05) influence on librarians' psychological wellbeing, qualification had a significant (p < .05) influence on librarians' psychological wellbeing. As a result, librarians' qualifications are a crucial driver of their psychological wellbeing. Thus, it was suggested that librarians' qualifications be prioritized during their employment.


Time Dependent Orienteering Problem With Time Windows And Service Time Dependent Profits, M. Khodadadian, A. Divsalar, C. Verbeeck, Aldy Gunawan, P. Vansteenwegen Jul 2022

Time Dependent Orienteering Problem With Time Windows And Service Time Dependent Profits, M. Khodadadian, A. Divsalar, C. Verbeeck, Aldy Gunawan, P. Vansteenwegen

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This paper addresses the time dependent orienteering problem with time windows and service time dependent profits (TDOPTW-STP). In the TDOPTW-STP, each vertex is assigned a minimum and a maximum service time and the profit collected at each vertex increases linearly with the service time. The goal is to maximize the total collected profit by determining a subset of vertices to be visited and assigning appropriate service time to each vertex, considering a given time budget and time windows. Moreover, travel times are dependent of the departure times. To solve this problem, a mixed integer linear model is formulated and a ...


Trajectories Of Cognitive Functioning In Later Life: Disparities By Race/ Ethnicity, Educational Attainment, Sex, And Multimorbidity Combinations, Ana R. Quiñones, Siting Chen, Corey L. Nagel, Anda Botoseneanu, Heather G. Allore, Jason T. Newsom, Stephen M. Thielke, Jeffrey Kaye Jun 2022

Trajectories Of Cognitive Functioning In Later Life: Disparities By Race/ Ethnicity, Educational Attainment, Sex, And Multimorbidity Combinations, Ana R. Quiñones, Siting Chen, Corey L. Nagel, Anda Botoseneanu, Heather G. Allore, Jason T. Newsom, Stephen M. Thielke, Jeffrey Kaye

Psychology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Evaluating multimorbidity combinations, racial/ethnic background, educational attainment, and sex associations with age-related cognitive changes is critical to clarifying the health, sociodemographic, and socioeconomic mechanisms associated with cognitive function in later life. Data from the 2011–2018 National Health and Aging Trends Study for respondents aged 65 years and older (N = 10,548, mean age = 77.5) were analyzed using linear mixed effect models. Racial/ethnic differences (mutually-exclusive groups: non-Latino White, non-Latino Black, and Latino) in cognitive trajectories and significant interactions with sex and education (advanced cardiovascularmultimorbidity; metabolic multimorbidity; advanced cardiovascular-metabolic multimorbidity; and neither advanced cardiovascular nor metabolic multimorbidity). In ...


A Cross-Country Investigation Of Social Image Motivation And Acceptance Of Lab-Grown Meat In Singapore And The United States, Mark Chong, Angela K. Y. Leung, Verity Lua Jun 2022

A Cross-Country Investigation Of Social Image Motivation And Acceptance Of Lab-Grown Meat In Singapore And The United States, Mark Chong, Angela K. Y. Leung, Verity Lua

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

This research has three goals. First, it sets out to compare consumer acceptance of lab-grown meat in the U.S. and in Singapore. Second, it seeks to explain the difference in Americans' and Singaporeans' acceptance of lab-grown meat by examining their eating motivations. Specifically, we focused on social image motivations – the motivations to present oneself positively in social contexts. Third, this study also aims to assess if exposure to information about lab-grown meat communicated by celebrity versus expert social media influencers (SMIs) can impact people's acceptance of lab-grown meat products. Our analysis showed that Singaporean participants had greater acceptance ...


Dataset Of Antemortem Tooth Loss And Carious Lesions At Deir El-Medina, Anne Austin Jun 2022

Dataset Of Antemortem Tooth Loss And Carious Lesions At Deir El-Medina, Anne Austin

UMSL Datasets

These data are from observations on antemortem tooth loss and the presence of carious lesions from the site of Deir el-Medina, Egypt. The data were collected by Anne Austin and Mélie Louys as part of the mission of the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale at the site during the 2012-14 and 2019-20 field seasons. These data were derived from human remains found in Theban Tombs 6, 217, 290, and 298. They are estimated to date from 1550-945 BCE. These data include macroscopic observations from 32 mandibles and 44 maxillae consisting of 485 observable teeth and 1,052 observable tooth sockets ...


Navigating Your Rights & Responsibilities To Image Resources On The Open Web And In The Library, Nat Gustafson-Sundell Jun 2022

Navigating Your Rights & Responsibilities To Image Resources On The Open Web And In The Library, Nat Gustafson-Sundell

Library Services Faculty and Staff Publications

Students and the public often need to use image resources for a variety of applications, but they may not have a strong understanding of their rights and responsibilities to online and print image resources, especially for creative and commercial purposes. They may also not realize that there are image resources other than, and often better than Google Images. My library cancelled an expensive image database about ten years ago. Afterward, I developed an image resources libguide and instruction session about image resources in consultation with several Art & Design faculty. The libguide presents a curated, free collection as a superior alternative ...


A Consistent Specification Test For Dynamic Quantile Models, Peter Horvath, Jia Li, Zhipeng Liao, Andrew Patton Jun 2022

A Consistent Specification Test For Dynamic Quantile Models, Peter Horvath, Jia Li, Zhipeng Liao, Andrew Patton

Research Collection School Of Economics

Correct specification of a conditional quantile model implies that a particular conditional moment is equal to zero. We nonparametrically estimate the conditional moment function via series regression and test whether it is identically zero using uniform functional inference. Our approach is theoretically justified via a strong Gaussian approximation for statistics of growing dimensions in a general time series setting. We propose a novel bootstrap method in this nonstandard context and show that it significantly outperforms the benchmark asymptotic approximation in finite samples, especially for tail quantiles such as Value-at-Risk (VaR). We use the proposed new test to study the VaR ...


Testing The Dimensionality Of Policy Shocks, Jia Li, Viktor Todorov, Qiushi. Zhang Jun 2022

Testing The Dimensionality Of Policy Shocks, Jia Li, Viktor Todorov, Qiushi. Zhang

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper provides a nonparametric test for deciding the dimensionality of a policy shock as manifest in the abnormal change in asset returns' stochastic covariance matrix, following the release of a macroeconomic announcement. We use high-frequency data in local windows before and after the event to estimate the covariance jump matrix, and then test its rank. We find a one-factor structure in the covariance jump matrix of the yield curve resulting from the Federal Reserve's monetary policy shocks prior to the 2007-2009 financial crisis. The dimensionality of policy shocks increased afterwards due to the use of unconventional monetary policy ...


Improving Students’ Achievement In Physics Using Library Electronic Journals, Christian Ugwuanyi Jun 2022

Improving Students’ Achievement In Physics Using Library Electronic Journals, Christian Ugwuanyi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Electronic journals in libraries are essential for updating facilities and expanding services so that users can acquire the information they require. The modern epoch is marked by an information and knowledge revolution. Electronic materials are now available to libraries in a variety of formats. As a result of technology advancements and higher expectations in teaching and learning, 21st-century classrooms demand a lot from both teachers and students. Most parents nowadays purchase (smartphones, tablets, or laptops) for their children without realizing the educational benefits of these devices in allowing access to online learning materials. Electronic journals from libraries have proven to ...


Survival Politics: Regime Security And Alliance Institutionalization, Inwook Kim, Jackson Woods Jun 2022

Survival Politics: Regime Security And Alliance Institutionalization, Inwook Kim, Jackson Woods

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

What determines states’ willingness to institutionalize alliances? Contrary to conventional emphasis on system-level conditions, we argue that states pay close attention to the domestic political consequences of institutionalizing alliances. This is particularly true for unequal allies. Client regimes are disproportionately sensitive to alliance design, as it affects patron allies’ ability to influence their military, distribute finance and arms, and legitimate preferred political groups. Two factors—power consolidation and political compatibility—determine whether the client views alliance institutionalization as complementary or conflictual with regime survival. The divergent alliance designs North and South Korea chose after the Korean War support our argument ...


Dimensions Of Social Networks: A Taxonomy And Operationalization, Michael Genkin, Nicholas Harrigan, Rajalakshmi Kanagavel, Janice Yap Jun 2022

Dimensions Of Social Networks: A Taxonomy And Operationalization, Michael Genkin, Nicholas Harrigan, Rajalakshmi Kanagavel, Janice Yap

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

What are the basic types of social network ties captured by name generators? While there have been several classifications proposed, and a large proliferation of name generators capturing various tie content has emerged, there is no clear way to map a given name generator to a particular tie type. Building on previous research, this paper proposes a framework for doing so in a principled way based on two studies. Study 1 is a dimension reduction of 24 common name generators. We find two dimensions (Valence and Social Distance), three positive tie types (Admiration, Closeness, Socialize), and three negative tie types ...


Lobbying Regulation, John Hogan, Alberto Bitonti May 2022

Lobbying Regulation, John Hogan, Alberto Bitonti

Books/Book Chapters

Lobbying regulation is a public policy approach capable of enriching participatory democracy while decreasing the dangers of corruption sometimes associated with lobbying. Here we present some insights into the state of lobbying regulations around the world today for scholars, practitioners and for society at large. We discuss the challenges in terms of defining lobbying and its regulation both academically and legislatively. We explore the broad context of lobbying regulation and the range of lobbying registers that have emerged over the years. The motivations for the introduction of lobbying regulations are also considered. The chapter finishes by comparing and classifying the ...


Implementation Of A Music Program In An Urban Elementary And Middle School Setting To Improve Behaviors, Increase Social Skills And Self-Esteem Amongst Students With Social And Emotional Impairments, Denise Barry May 2022

Implementation Of A Music Program In An Urban Elementary And Middle School Setting To Improve Behaviors, Increase Social Skills And Self-Esteem Amongst Students With Social And Emotional Impairments, Denise Barry

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Background: The prevalence of mental health problems including social and emotional impairments in children and adolescents has increased over the past decade. The increase in the burden of mental health issues among children and adolescents has been noted worldwide as well as the United States.

Local Problem: The large urban elementary and middle school in the northeast region of the United States where the project will be implemented mirrors the national trend of having a large number of students with social, emotional, and behavioral health issues. This site school in particular, has three sub-separate classrooms referred to as the Emotional ...


Growing Racial Diversity In Rural America: Results From The 2020 Census, Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel Lichter May 2022

Growing Racial Diversity In Rural America: Results From The 2020 Census, Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel Lichter

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this brief, authors Kenneth Johnson and Daniel Lichter report that although population declines were widespread between 2010 and 2020, rural America became more racially and ethnically diverse. In part, the recent uptick in racial diversity in rural America is a consequence of White population decline.

Rural America remains predominately non-Hispanic White with 35 million White residents constituting 76 percent of the rural population according to the 2020 Census. This represents a decline from 79.8 percent in 2010. The number of rural residents who are members of a racial or ethnic minority increased to 11 million between 2010 and ...


Plant-Centered Diets Among Older Adults: The Need For Improved Nutritional Health Messaging, Margaret Rose May 2022

Plant-Centered Diets Among Older Adults: The Need For Improved Nutritional Health Messaging, Margaret Rose

Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion: Population Health Research Brief Series

By the year 2030, it is expected that 12% of the world’s population will be aged 65 years or older compared to 8.5% in 2015. This demographic shift will be accompanied by increased healthcare costs and greater demand on health care. One way aging adults may mitigate disease onset and progression is through increased consumption of plant-based foods. This issue brief examines the impact plant-based foods have on disease prevention and acceleration and calls for developing appropriate health messaging to encourage the acceptance and adoption of plant-centered diets among older adults.


Research Self-Efficacy And Research Productivity Of Doctoral Students In Universities In Ogun State, Adesola Paul Adekunle, Ezinwanyi Madukoma May 2022

Research Self-Efficacy And Research Productivity Of Doctoral Students In Universities In Ogun State, Adesola Paul Adekunle, Ezinwanyi Madukoma

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study investigated the influence of research self-efficacy on research productivity of doctoral students in universities in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study employed a survey research design drawing on a sample of 309 respondents out of a target population of 1,418 doctoral students from six participating universities guided by the Research Advisor’s Table. Findings of the study established that research productivity of doctoral students in universities in Ogun State, Nigeria was low. The low research productivity manifested in form of unusually prolonged doctoral education, high attrition rates, difficulties/inability to complete doctoral thesis which is the hallmark of ...


An Assessment Of The Effect Of Self-Efficacy, Reading Culture, Utilization Of Library Habits On The Academic Achievements Of Student-Librarians, Emmanuel Chidiadi Onwubiko May 2022

An Assessment Of The Effect Of Self-Efficacy, Reading Culture, Utilization Of Library Habits On The Academic Achievements Of Student-Librarians, Emmanuel Chidiadi Onwubiko

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The dream of every student on entry any institution of learning is to excel academically and this can be achieve through self-belief facilitated by effective reading which is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols in order to construct or derive meaning as an essential skill for academic success. Above all, the library should be seen by such student as information warehouse where desired information can be obtained through reading. This study therefore is an assessment of the effect of self-efficacy, reading culture and utilization of library habits on the academic achievement of student-librarians. The study employed a descriptive survey ...