Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Series

2018

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 10713

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ua12/2/63 Roller Hockey Club, Wku Archives Dec 2018

Ua12/2/63 Roller Hockey Club, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Records created by and about the Roller Hockey Club.


Adverse Childhood Experiences And Deleterious Outcomes In Adulthood: A Consideration Of The Simultaneous Role Of Genetic And Environmental Influences In Two Independent Samples From The United States, Joseph A. Schwartz, Emily M. Wright, Bradon A. Valgardson Dec 2018

Adverse Childhood Experiences And Deleterious Outcomes In Adulthood: A Consideration Of The Simultaneous Role Of Genetic And Environmental Influences In Two Independent Samples From The United States, Joseph A. Schwartz, Emily M. Wright, Bradon A. Valgardson

Criminology and Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

Background

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a potent risk factor. Despite these findings, studies have also recognized the importance of considering additional sources of genetic and environmental influence that cluster within families.

Objective

To properly control for latent sources of genetic and within-family environmental influences and isolate the association between ACEs and the following outcomes in adulthood: physical health, depressive symptoms, educational attainment, income attainment, alcohol problems, and antisocial behavior.

Participants and Setting

Two independent samples of twins and siblings from the United States: the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) study (N = 862) and the National …


Which Voices Matter? Ballot Initiatives, Marijuana, And Legislative Paternalism In Utah, Rachel Robinson-Greene Dec 2018

Which Voices Matter? Ballot Initiatives, Marijuana, And Legislative Paternalism In Utah, Rachel Robinson-Greene

Languages, Philosophy, and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

Drivers headed toward Salt Lake City on I-15 are sure to notice two things—the breathtaking Wasatch mountain range (when the thickness of inversion doesn’t obscure it) and a striking number of billboard ads warning citizens of the dangers of the misuse of opioids. This is not without good reason—Utah ranks 9th on the CDC’s list of states hit the hardest by opioid overdose. Misuse of opioids is responsible for 23 deaths every month, according to the Utah Department of Health. Empathy is called for when it comes to addiction in general, and addiction to opioids in particular. After all, many …


Estimates Of Broad Age Groups By County 2018, Portland State University. Population Research Center Dec 2018

Estimates Of Broad Age Groups By County 2018, Portland State University. Population Research Center

Oregon Population Estimates and Reports

Estimates of Population Age Groups (under 18, 18-64, 65 and over) for Oregon and Its Counties, July 1, 2018.


Digitalcommons@Cedarville Statistical Report For December 2018, Cedarville University Dec 2018

Digitalcommons@Cedarville Statistical Report For December 2018, Cedarville University

DigitalCommons@Cedarville Monthly Reports

No abstract provided.


Repository Additions, December 2018, Cedarville University Dec 2018

Repository Additions, December 2018, Cedarville University

DigitalCommons@Cedarville Monthly Reports

No abstract provided.


Public Land Revisited: Municipalization And Privatization In Newark And New York City, Samuel Stein, Oksana Mironova Dec 2018

Public Land Revisited: Municipalization And Privatization In Newark And New York City, Samuel Stein, Oksana Mironova

Publications and Research

Public land plays a central role in contemporary urban planning struggles. Using a comparative case study approach focused on the north-eastern US cities of Newark and New York City, we uncover patterns of land acquisition and dispossession that fit five broad and often overlapping periods in planning history: City Beautiful, metropolitan reorganization, deindustrialization, and devaluation, followed by hyper-commodification in New York City and redevelopment amidst disinvestment in Newark. Through this periodization, we find that accumulation and alienation of urban public land has largely taken place through two modes of municipalization (targeted and reactive) and two modes of privatization (community-led and …


Scholars' Mine Quick Facts December 2018, Nancy S. Krost Dec 2018

Scholars' Mine Quick Facts December 2018, Nancy S. Krost

Scholars’ Mine Statistics

Scholars' Mine Quick Facts are monthly reports of downloads, page hits, and other information about works in the institutional repository of Missouri S&T. A map with downloads by region is also included.


Mapping The Science Of Law: A Jurimetrics Analysis, Jeyshankar -. Ramalingam -, Nishavathi E Dec 2018

Mapping The Science Of Law: A Jurimetrics Analysis, Jeyshankar -. Ramalingam -, Nishavathi E

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This article provides an outline for jurimetrics and its role in finding most relevant and influential decisions of Supreme Court of India particularly in the topic of sexual harassment covering the period of 5 years (2012 to 2016). It retrieved 35 precedents that cited 662 legal information sources. These precedents are further analyzed with the network measures such as degree centrality, closeness centrality and authoritative scores to find out the influential and relevant decisions in sexual harassment. The precedents of Supreme Court of India (Vn=575) legal citation network is created to map the science of law.


Organizational Politics: Harmful Or Helpful?, Laura Porter Soares Dec 2018

Organizational Politics: Harmful Or Helpful?, Laura Porter Soares

Instructional Design Capstones Collection

Politics play a role in almost every organization – churches, schools, sports teams, and even volunteer organizations. However, the place where politics can directly impact people on a daily basis is the workplace.

Literature on organizational politics has historically focused on a negative view of politics. More recently, however, researchers have discovered that workplace politics is not inherently negative and can even include positive traits. This shift primarily began with the work of Gotsis and Kortezi in 2010 and 2011. As researchers sought to expand the perspective, they argued that organizational politics has the potential to be positive, as well. …


St. Francis Borgia Deaf Center Church Bulletin, December 30, 2018 Dec 2018

St. Francis Borgia Deaf Center Church Bulletin, December 30, 2018

Saint Francis Borgia Deaf Center Church Bulletin

A newsletter published for Deaf Catholics in Chicago, IL

Saint Francis Brogia Deaf Center Church Bulletin Finding Aid


Geochemical Data From Angamuco, Michoacán, Mexico, Anna S. Cohen, Daniel E. Pierce Dec 2018

Geochemical Data From Angamuco, Michoacán, Mexico, Anna S. Cohen, Daniel E. Pierce

Sociology, Social Work and Anthropology Faculty Publications

Included here are geochemical concentrations (ppm) of ceramic artifacts and clay samples from the archaeological site of Angamuco, Mexico. Additional data include maps and photographs of the ceramic samples. Concentrations were measured via Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis and are available here asAppendix B. These data complement the discussions and interpretations in “Geochemical Analysis and Spatial Trends of Ceramics and Clay from Angamuco, Michoacán”[1].


Websites Of Indian Banks: A Webometric Study, Arindam Sarkar, Ashok Pal Dec 2018

Websites Of Indian Banks: A Webometric Study, Arindam Sarkar, Ashok Pal

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract: Web Impact Factor (WIF), Search Engine Optimization (SEO) ranking improve the visibility of a website’s presence in online environment. The present study predominantly focuses on the WIFs of the Indian banking websites. On the basis of SEO (search engine optimization) effort has been made to measure the usability, performance, security of the websites, used headings, usage of images and alt tags, linking with social networking sites as well as to count the backlinks, page size, load time, request, traffic score, SEO score and speed score. Popularity ranking of the selected bank websites has also been done. Calculating three types …


User’S Satisfaction Level Of Library Sources And Services In Sadakathullah Appa College Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu: A Study, Dr.R.R. Saravanakumar, M. Mani, M. Manthiramoorthi, Dr.A. Thirumagal Dec 2018

User’S Satisfaction Level Of Library Sources And Services In Sadakathullah Appa College Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu: A Study, Dr.R.R. Saravanakumar, M. Mani, M. Manthiramoorthi, Dr.A. Thirumagal

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study examines the user’s satisfaction level of library sources and services in Sadakathullah Appa College Library (SACLIB), Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu. Questionnaire was the instrument for collecting data. 130 copies of questionnaires were distributed, 100 were received. The present study focuses on users regarding library resources, services, physical facilities, internet, etc.


Internet Of Things And The Future Scope In Libraries, Gana G S Dec 2018

Internet Of Things And The Future Scope In Libraries, Gana G S

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

IoT is a unique technology that gained its momentum in recent years. Though the technologyacquires its potential libraries like organizations are in a stage of infancy to adopt the IoT technology. IoT is established in any organization with the help of interconnected identifiable embedded computing devices within the existing infrastructure. So that the use of technology allows us a greater chance for achieving a prosperous library management system with maximum efficiency at least effort. Automation of Library services is suitable approach where various devices can be managed at a single place by implementing Internet of Things. The idea behind the …


Awareness And Use Of Electronic Books Among Undergraduate Students: A Survey, Chuks Daniel Oriogu, Kolawole Idowu Oluwatola, Darlina Chima Oriogu-Ogbuiyi, Augustine I. Enamudu Dec 2018

Awareness And Use Of Electronic Books Among Undergraduate Students: A Survey, Chuks Daniel Oriogu, Kolawole Idowu Oluwatola, Darlina Chima Oriogu-Ogbuiyi, Augustine I. Enamudu

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The increasingly growth of electronic books has created an enabling access to and use of e-prints within the confine of one’s environment; thereby providing wider accessibility and usability. However, the study investigated the awareness and use of electronic books among undergraduate students in Afe Babalola University Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted and structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Descriptive statistics was used to answer the research questions. The study revealed that most of the respondents are partially aware of the availability of e-book in their area of specialization, dedicated e-book reader devices (e.g. Kindle, Sony reader) …


Catholic Deaf Community Newsletter, December 15, 2018 Dec 2018

Catholic Deaf Community Newsletter, December 15, 2018

Catholic Deaf Community Newsletter

A newsletter published for Deaf Catholics in Portland, OR

Catholic Deaf Community Newsletter Finding Aid


Not “That Kind Of Cop”: Exploring How Officers Adapt Approaches, Attitudes, And Self-Concepts In School Settings, Trisha N. Rhodes, Samantha S. Clinkinbeard Dec 2018

Not “That Kind Of Cop”: Exploring How Officers Adapt Approaches, Attitudes, And Self-Concepts In School Settings, Trisha N. Rhodes, Samantha S. Clinkinbeard

Criminology and Criminal Justice Faculty Publications

Prior research indicates school resource officers (SROs) perform an array of nontraditional police tasks and work in settings culturally distinct from street patrols. To thrive in SRO programs, police must adapt to these new roles and settings, likely affecting how they view themselves and their work. The present study examined how SROs view and respond to their work in schools through interviews and observations of 20 participants in four states. Findings revealed participants adopted policing strategies that facilitated communication and rapport. They generally viewed citizens positively and felt being an SRO made their work meaningful. Participants further described identities at …


Conceptualizing Youth Participation In Children’S Health Research: Insights From A Youth-Driven Process For Developing A Youth Advisory Council, Mohammad El-Bagdady, Krishna Arunkumar, Drew Bowman, Stephanie Coen, Christina Ergler, Jason Gilliland, Ahad Mahmood, Suraj Paul Dec 2018

Conceptualizing Youth Participation In Children’S Health Research: Insights From A Youth-Driven Process For Developing A Youth Advisory Council, Mohammad El-Bagdady, Krishna Arunkumar, Drew Bowman, Stephanie Coen, Christina Ergler, Jason Gilliland, Ahad Mahmood, Suraj Paul

Geography & Environment Publications

Given the power asymmetries between adults and young people, youth involvement in research is often at risk of tokenism. While many disciplines have seen a shift from conducting research on youth to conducting research with and for youth, engaging children and teens in research remains fraught with conceptual, methodological, and practical challenges. Arnstein’s foundational Ladder of Participation has been adapted in novel ways in youth research, but in this paper, we present a new rendering: a ‘rope ladder.’ This concept came out of our youth-driven planning process to develop a Youth Advisory Council for the Human Environments Analysis Laboratory, an …


Innovations In Leadership Development: Centering Communities Of Color, Ann Curry-Stevens Dec 2018

Innovations In Leadership Development: Centering Communities Of Color, Ann Curry-Stevens

School of Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

With innovative funding from a large local foundation, communities of color in Portland, Oregon developed an array of leadership programs to serve communities of color. This article shares the models they developed, including overviews of curriculum, theories of change, and concrete evidence-based gains achieved by the programs. Innovations include a leadership model that is rooted in community leadership, and the emergence of community priorities to guide the programs, alongside culturally-specific programs that are effective in reaching and supporting the participation of emerging and existing leaders of color. Community priorities included advocacy engagement that resulted in achieving real gains during the …


Money Is More Than Memory, Maria Bigoni, Gabriele Camera, Marco Casari Dec 2018

Money Is More Than Memory, Maria Bigoni, Gabriele Camera, Marco Casari

ESI Working Papers

Impersonal exchange is the hallmark of an advanced society and money is one key institution that supports it. Economic theory regards money as a crude arrangement for monitoring counterparts’ past conduct. If so, then a public record of past actions—or memory—should supersede the function performed by money. This intriguing theoretical postulate remains untested. In an experiment, we show that the suggested functional equivalence between money and memory does not translate into an empirical equivalence: money removed the incentives to free ride, while memory did not. Monetary systems performed a richer set of functions than just revealing past behaviors.


Modeling Interactions Between Risk, Time, And Social Preferences, Mark Schneider Dec 2018

Modeling Interactions Between Risk, Time, And Social Preferences, Mark Schneider

ESI Working Papers

Recent studies have observed systematic interactions between risk, time, and social preferences that constitute violations of `dimensional independence' and are not explained by the leading models of decision making. This note provides a simple approach to modeling such interaction effects while predicting new ones. In particular, we present a model of rational-behavioral preferences that takes the convex combination of `behavioral' System 1 preferences and `rational' System 2 preferences. The model provides a unifying approach to analyzing risk, time, and social preferences, and predicts how these preferences are correlated with reliance on System 1 or System 2 thinking.


Changing Scholarly Trends Of Lis Research In Asia: A Scientometric Study Based On Scopus, Vinod Kumar Gautam Mr., Rajani Mishra Dr. Dec 2018

Changing Scholarly Trends Of Lis Research In Asia: A Scientometric Study Based On Scopus, Vinod Kumar Gautam Mr., Rajani Mishra Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Scientometric studies can be of great help not only for researchers and academicians but also for the government officials in setting funds for development as well as policy setting and decision making. Various scientometric studies are being done to assess the publication output of the researchers in the various disciplines, to know their collaboration as well as interdisciplinarity. This present study is furthering the level of the study by assessing the LIS research trend in the Asian countries, using AGR, RCI, CC and PEI etc. as indicators.


Understanding Urbanization: A Study Of Census And Satellite-Derived Urban Classes In The United States, 1990-2010, Deborah Balk, Stefan Leyk, Bryan Jones, Mark R. Montgomery, Anastasia Clark Dec 2018

Understanding Urbanization: A Study Of Census And Satellite-Derived Urban Classes In The United States, 1990-2010, Deborah Balk, Stefan Leyk, Bryan Jones, Mark R. Montgomery, Anastasia Clark

Publications and Research

Most of future population growth will take place in the world’s cities and towns. Yet, there is no well-established, consistent way to measure either urban land or people. Even censusbased urban concepts and measures undergo frequent revision, impeding rigorous comparisons over time and place. This study presents a new spatial approach to derive consistent urban proxies for the US. It compares census-designated urban blocks with proxies for landbased classifications of built-up areas derived from time-series of the Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) for 1990–2010. This comparison provides a new way to understand urban structure and its changes: Most land that …


The Impact Of Hurricane Matthew On School Attendance: An Analysis From Rural Haiti, Amanda C. Cook, Donovan Beachy Dec 2018

The Impact Of Hurricane Matthew On School Attendance: An Analysis From Rural Haiti, Amanda C. Cook, Donovan Beachy

Economics Faculty Publications

This study identifies the impact of Hurricane Matthew on school attendance in an agricultural community in rural Haiti. We conducted a survey of parents whose children attended a rural school prior to Hurricane Matthew to determine the mechanism by which hurricanes impact school attendance. We determined the marginal effect of family size and school enrollment using a probit model. Parents identified two primary causes for their children leaving school: a loss of income—through crop damage and livestock deaths—and requiring the children’s labor on the family farm. In our sample 96 children, 46% of the children enrolled in school, stopped attending …


The Impact Of Gangs On Community Life In Trinidad, Ericka Adams, Patrice Morris, Edward Maguire Dec 2018

The Impact Of Gangs On Community Life In Trinidad, Ericka Adams, Patrice Morris, Edward Maguire

Faculty Publications

Trinidad and Tobago has more than 100 criminal gangs, some of which engage in high levels of homicide and violence. Recent research has shown that gang members in Trinidad and Tobago are more likely than nongang members to be arrested for violent, property, and drug crimes. As gangs continue to proliferate throughout the Caribbean, there is a pressing need to understand the nature of these gangs and their impact on the communities in which they are entrenched. Using data from interviews with community members, police officials, and gang members, as well as ethnographic observations from 10 high crime, predominantly Black …


Resource Extraction And Infrastructure Threaten Forest Cover And Community Rights, Anthony Bebbington, Denise Humphreys Bebbington, Laura Sauls, John Rogan, Sumali Agrawal, César Gamboa, Aviva Imhof, Kimberly Johnson, Herman Rosa, Antoinette Royo, Tessa Toumbourou, Ricardo Verdum Dec 2018

Resource Extraction And Infrastructure Threaten Forest Cover And Community Rights, Anthony Bebbington, Denise Humphreys Bebbington, Laura Sauls, John Rogan, Sumali Agrawal, César Gamboa, Aviva Imhof, Kimberly Johnson, Herman Rosa, Antoinette Royo, Tessa Toumbourou, Ricardo Verdum

Sustainability and Social Justice

Mineral and hydrocarbon extraction and infrastructure are increasingly significant drivers of forest loss, greenhouse gas emissions, and threats to the rights of forest communities in forested areas of Amazonia, Indonesia, and Mesoamerica. Projected investments in these sectors suggest that future threats to forests and rights are substantial, particularly because resource extraction and infrastructure reinforce each other and enable population movements and agricultural expansion further into the forest. In each region, governments have made framework policy commitments to national and cross-border infrastructure integration, increased energy production, and growth strategies based on further exploitation of natural resources. This reflects political settlements among …


Alegal: Biopolitics And The Unintelligibility Of Okinawan Life, Annmaria M. Shimabuku Dec 2018

Alegal: Biopolitics And The Unintelligibility Of Okinawan Life, Annmaria M. Shimabuku

Sociology

Okinawan life, at the crossroads of American militarism and Japanese capitalism, embodies a fundamental contradiction to the myth of the monoethnic state. Suspended in a state of exception, Okinawa has never been an official colony of the Japanese empire or the United States, nor has it ever been treated as an equal part of Japan. As a result, Okinawans live amid one of the densest concentrations of U.S. military bases in the world. By bringing Foucauldian biopolitics into conversation with Japanese Marxian theory, Alegal uncovers Japan’s determination to protect its middle class from the racialized sexual contact around its mainland …


Compliance To Library Rules And Regulations By Students: A Case Study Of Walton Whaley Library Of Valley View University (Vvu), Ghana., Ameyaw Samuel Dec 2018

Compliance To Library Rules And Regulations By Students: A Case Study Of Walton Whaley Library Of Valley View University (Vvu), Ghana., Ameyaw Samuel

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study was set up to investigate compliance with library rules and regulations by students at Valley View University (VVU). The study employed a descriptive survey design and simple random sampling technique. The total population of the students at the time of carrying out this study was two thousand, two hundred and seventy-three (2,273). One hundred and twenty-six (126) students were sampled for the study. The instrument used for data collections was a questionnaire. The findings of the study revealed that a significant number of students were aware of the rules and regulations in the library as well as punishment …


Medicine Research In India: A Scientometric Assessment Of Publications During 2009 – 2018, Chaman Sab M, Dharani Kumar P, Biradar B. S Dec 2018

Medicine Research In India: A Scientometric Assessment Of Publications During 2009 – 2018, Chaman Sab M, Dharani Kumar P, Biradar B. S

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The purpose of this paper is to qualitative analyse of medicine research output using select scientometric indicators with the aim of identifying top preparing countries, subject subthemes, organisations, authors and journals in the area. The present study has examined 29153 publications in medicine research, the present study deals with the Assessment of Indian medicine research output as reflected in Web of Science (WOS) database for the period 2009 to 2018 for identifying the research output in the field of medicine literature. It also provides a comparative evaluation and performance of different types of scientometric indicators, such as number of publications, …