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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ischool Student Research Journal, Vol.14, Iss.1 May 2024

Ischool Student Research Journal, Vol.14, Iss.1

School of Information Student Research Journal

Volume 14, Issue 1 of the School of Information Student Research Journal explores the multifaceted impacts of artificial intelligence (AI) on academia, particularly within library and information science (LIS) education and scholarly publishing. Highlighting the proactive measures taken by San Jose State University's iSchool, this issue underscores the necessity of integrating AI competencies, such as data privacy and ethical AI use, into curricula. Through detailed case studies and policy reviews, the issue examines the ethical and societal implications of AI, including biases and inequalities, advocating for adaptive and responsible AI integration.

Odin Halvorson's paper emphasizes the transformative potential of Large …


Looking Ahead: Incorporating Ai In Mlis Competencies, Souvick Ghosh, Denise Mccoy May 2024

Looking Ahead: Incorporating Ai In Mlis Competencies, Souvick Ghosh, Denise Mccoy

School of Information Student Research Journal

Libraries have long been essential for democratizing knowledge and providing reliable information, extending their services to meet diverse community needs, including educational programs and internet access (Pawley, 2022; Freudenberger, 2022). Librarians, as custodians of information and culture, possess core competencies in information organization, digital literacy, and research skills. The San José State University (SJSU) School of Information (iSchool) aims to educate professionals who significantly impact global communities through high-quality education, research, and technology innovation. This article examines the Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) program at SJSU iSchool, focusing on the evolution of its 14 core competencies to incorporate …


Into The Unknown: Developing Ai Policies For The Student Research Journal, Marc Hoffeditz May 2024

Into The Unknown: Developing Ai Policies For The Student Research Journal, Marc Hoffeditz

School of Information Student Research Journal

In light of the artificial intelligence (AI) boom in late 2022, policies governing the use and disclosure of artificial intelligence in scholarly journals have occupied editorial boards of all disciplines. The Student Research Journal (SRJ) at San José State University sought to tackle this issue with an inclusive process to better serve our authors and editorial team in uncertain times. This editorial will discuss the work of the SRJ’s AI Policy Working Group in completing a comprehensive review of literature surrounding the topics of AI and scholarly publishing, detail the journal’s first AI disclosure policy in depth, and identify next …


Ai In Academia: Policy Development, Ethics, And Curriculum Design, Odin Halvorson May 2024

Ai In Academia: Policy Development, Ethics, And Curriculum Design, Odin Halvorson

School of Information Student Research Journal

Artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a pivotal force in modern society, significantly impacting various sectors, including academia. This paper examines the broad implications of AI, particularly Large Language Models (LLMs), and their transformative potential across educational institutions. The San Jose State University's iSchool is highlighted as a case study, demonstrating its proactive approach to integrating nascent technologies and revising curriculum competencies to address AI's influence. As AI reshapes library and information science (LIS) education, the development of new competencies, such as data privacy and ethical AI use, becomes essential. Furthermore, the ethical and societal implications of AI, including potential …


Speaking Volumes: Transforming Archival Access Through Speech-To-Text Transcription, Rebecca Bakker May 2024

Speaking Volumes: Transforming Archival Access Through Speech-To-Text Transcription, Rebecca Bakker

Works of the FIU Libraries

This workshop was offered by the South Florida Archives Collective and offered a comprehensive overview of speech recognition software, highlighting the difference between dictation and transcription and showcasing the efficacy of speech-to-text technology. Participants learned about its application in archival contexts and how it improves accessibility, aids research endeavors, and enables close reading aids for extensive data extraction and knowledge acquisition. Through a case study on the Dana A. Dorsey Papers, the presenter illustrated best practices for transcription processes, including software selection, workflow optimization, and handling formatting nuances.


Stewardship And Sustainability: Applying The Tcos Framework To Reappraisal, Karen Glenn, John Murphy, Cory L. Nimer, Dainan M. Skeem May 2024

Stewardship And Sustainability: Applying The Tcos Framework To Reappraisal, Karen Glenn, John Murphy, Cory L. Nimer, Dainan M. Skeem

Journal of Western Archives

This article reports on a Brigham Young University Library Special Collections reappraisal pilot project based upon OCLC's Total Cost of Stewardship (TCOS) framework. The case study considers how reappraisal activities align with TCOS principles, and its use in reviewing faculty papers. The pilot measured reappraisal and reprocessing costs for a small sample of papers of university administrators, and identified all other collections of faculty, staff, and administrators for reappraisal in both university archives records and manuscripts collections. Findings identified through the pilot will inform a larger reappraisal project in Special Collections to refine appraisal and processing work and reclaim repository …


A New Generation Of Collecting Priorities: Case Studies From The Northwest, Jodi Allison-Bunnell, Linda Long, Trevor J. Bond, Chloe Nielsen, Amy Valentine May 2024

A New Generation Of Collecting Priorities: Case Studies From The Northwest, Jodi Allison-Bunnell, Linda Long, Trevor J. Bond, Chloe Nielsen, Amy Valentine

Journal of Western Archives

The last twenty-five years have brought lively, important, and difficult discussions around heritage collections. We are called to broaden our collecting activities to be more inclusive of (among many things) all races, classes, and experiences. We have begun to move away from the troubled legacy of taking collections away from creators and toward empowering those same creators to steward their heritage. We confront a vast universe of current holdings and possible collections and have few models for assessing the opportunities. We also operate with some firm limitations on our budgets, personnel, and space that we have outdistanced with our collecting. …


Beyond Efficiency: An Impact Assessment Of The Uc Guidelines For Efficient Processing, Laurel Mcphee, Kate Dundon, Courtney Dean, Elvia Arroyo-Ramírez, Audra Eagle Yun May 2024

Beyond Efficiency: An Impact Assessment Of The Uc Guidelines For Efficient Processing, Laurel Mcphee, Kate Dundon, Courtney Dean, Elvia Arroyo-Ramírez, Audra Eagle Yun

Journal of Western Archives

The Guidelines for Efficient Archival Processing in the University of California Libraries established shared principles and recommendations for increased processing efficiency in archives and special collections in the UC system. Since its publication in 2012, the Guidelines has become an influential resource for archival workflows nationwide. In this paper, the authors evaluate the Guidelines' impact over time on backlogs, collection management policy, and day-to-day archival practices across the UC libraries by assessing collections, processing practices, and staffing levels.


Secondary Processing At Utah State University Archives, Kelly Rovegno, Heather Housley, Paul Daybell May 2024

Secondary Processing At Utah State University Archives, Kelly Rovegno, Heather Housley, Paul Daybell

Journal of Western Archives

In 2018, Utah State University Special Collections and Archives undertook a Remediation Project to create finding aids and library catalog records for all its holdings, including University Archives. During this project, additional issues were found with the arrangement, description, and preservation of University Archives. A new workflow, called secondary processing, grew out of efforts to address such issues while completing the original goals of the Remediation Project. This article examines how secondary processing was used at Utah State University and the challenges and opportunities uncovered as work progressed. It also discusses how secondary processing was used to improve discoverability and …


Introduction To “Collection Stewardship In The Age Of Finite Resources”: A Special Issue For Journal Of Western Archives, Ryan K. Lee May 2024

Introduction To “Collection Stewardship In The Age Of Finite Resources”: A Special Issue For Journal Of Western Archives, Ryan K. Lee

Journal of Western Archives

Introduction to the special issue on collection stewardship in the age of finite resources.


Processing Priorities, Researcher Use, And Programmatic Improvement, Megan M. Mummey May 2024

Processing Priorities, Researcher Use, And Programmatic Improvement, Megan M. Mummey

Library Presentations

No abstract provided.


Using Description To Unify School Of Music Recordings And Programs, Ruth E. Bryan, Treshani Perera May 2024

Using Description To Unify School Of Music Recordings And Programs, Ruth E. Bryan, Treshani Perera

Library Presentations

Acknowledging that existing collection management practices and policies are no longer adequate takes courage. Acting on this takes time and patience. This can be especially true when tradition and inertia maintain a status quo that does not serve the interests of the collections or users. The presenters discuss their approach to unifying University of Kentucky School of Music concert recordings and programs housed in the University Archives and the Fine Arts Library. They will cover collection acquisition and description decisions, including their decision to create an archival collection guide in ArchivesSpace and a collection-level MARC record providing two access pathways …


Digital Library Of Georgia News (April 2024), Mandy L. Mastrovita, Sheila Mcalister May 2024

Digital Library Of Georgia News (April 2024), Mandy L. Mastrovita, Sheila Mcalister

Georgia Library Quarterly

News from the Digital Library of Georgia covering January 1-March 31, 2024


“87% Missing”: Preserving Video Game History In A Canadian Copyright Context, Amelia Clarkson, Magnus Berg Apr 2024

“87% Missing”: Preserving Video Game History In A Canadian Copyright Context, Amelia Clarkson, Magnus Berg

Digital Initiatives Symposium

In 2020, the University of Toronto Mississauga campus library acquired the largest collection of video games in Canada from prolific collector Syd Bolton, whose vision was for it to not only be preserved but also playable and publicly accessible. Over the past three years, the collections team has been processing the collection to facilitate access onsite, and in 2024 aims to begin the next step of digitally preserving the collection. In the summer of 2023, the Video Game History Foundation and the Software Preservation Network co-authored a report on the dire state of availability of classic games, with the goal …


Building A Roadmap For Web Archiving: Organizational Sustainability In An American Research University Library, Ruth E. Bryan, Emily B. Collier Apr 2024

Building A Roadmap For Web Archiving: Organizational Sustainability In An American Research University Library, Ruth E. Bryan, Emily B. Collier

Library Presentations

The presenters, archivists in an academic university Library, launched a web archiving program for a public university in the United States in 2018 with a three-year Archive-it contract. In the first six years of the web archiving program, we have laid the groundwork for an ongoing web archiving program through robust documentation built in anticipation of potential loss of resources, especially personnel. In this presentation, we report on a sustainability review of the program using a practical framework and a conceptual framework. The practical framework is the University of Pittsburg's Socio-Technical Sustainability Roadmap (https://sites.haa.pitt.edu/sustainabilityroadmap/). The conceptual framework is Kristin R. …


Fiction Book Reviews Apr 2024

Fiction Book Reviews

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Documenting Wonderland: Conducting A Collection Survey To Inform Collecting Policies, Sara Pettinger, Anne L. Foster Apr 2024

Documenting Wonderland: Conducting A Collection Survey To Inform Collecting Policies, Sara Pettinger, Anne L. Foster

Journal of Western Archives

Collection surveys and collecting policies have become standard for effective archival collection management. But in recent years, surveys have most often been used to establish processing and preservation priorities and collecting policies are often considered static documents that, once established, change little as the collections grow. The Yellowstone National Park Archives, with a mandate to update its collecting policy and limited space and resources, developed a project to survey its collections in order to inform an updated policy. With a more granular focus on analyzing collections than previous surveys have undertaken, this case study focused on defining success and fulfillment …


Leveraging The Protocols For Native American Archival Materials To Support Indigenous Digital Collections: A Case Study From The Sherman Indian Museum Digital Project, Eric L. Milenkiewicz Apr 2024

Leveraging The Protocols For Native American Archival Materials To Support Indigenous Digital Collections: A Case Study From The Sherman Indian Museum Digital Project, Eric L. Milenkiewicz

Journal of Western Archives

The Sherman Indian Museum houses a rich collection of archival materials that document the student experience, institutional culture, and community history of California’s sole remaining off-reservation American Indian boarding school. To broaden access to its collection for community and scholarly use, the museum partnered with the University of California, Riverside Library on a grant-funded project to digitize and provide online access to nearly 14,000 items from their collection. With a shared understanding of the unique ethical and communal protocols present in a digital project of this scope, the two repositories turned toward the standards and goals articulated in Protocols for …


Inventory For Baker-Cederberg/Rochester General Hospital, Rochester General Hospital Apr 2024

Inventory For Baker-Cederberg/Rochester General Hospital, Rochester General Hospital

Finding Aids

Inventory for Baker-Cederberg/Rochester General Hospital archival record groups. There are 31 record groups listed.


Will Our Future Selves Thank Us? An Examination Of Born-Digital Curation Practices At The University Of Kentucky Libraries, Ruth E. Bryan, Sarah Dorpinghaus, Megan M. Mummey, Emily B. Collier, Andrew Mcdonnell Apr 2024

Will Our Future Selves Thank Us? An Examination Of Born-Digital Curation Practices At The University Of Kentucky Libraries, Ruth E. Bryan, Sarah Dorpinghaus, Megan M. Mummey, Emily B. Collier, Andrew Mcdonnell

Library Presentations

Cultural heritage resources are increasingly being produced and distributed digitally yet the world of physical materials has not declined. Can you realign current resources to meet future collection needs while at the same time continuing with existing collection needs? Analog-based archival theory and practice is still relevant, but born-digital formats make acquisition, appraisal, resource allocation, collection management, and external relationships much more challenging. These challenges range from monetary and environmental costs to resource allocation to social media technology woes to campus-wide IT relationships.

In this presentation, University of Kentucky archivists share practical tips, tools, and mental frameworks to identify gaps, …


High Tech High: Computing In Our Early Days, Christian D. Nøkkentved, Ralph Flickinger Apr 2024

High Tech High: Computing In Our Early Days, Christian D. Nøkkentved, Ralph Flickinger

Archives Exhibits

In 1986, when IMSA first opened its doors to students, Plato, NovaNET, MacIntosh Plus and the Dat. Lab, even track paper all played an essential role in connecting IMSA to the emerging digital world. IMSA’s library, for example, boasted digital technology on par with the Ivy League university libraries. Like the rest of the world, IMSA has continued to expand and update its use of digital technologies, and as we move towards AI, this exhibit celebrates computing in our early days.


News From Hope College, Volume 55.3: Spring 2024, Hope College Apr 2024

News From Hope College, Volume 55.3: Spring 2024, Hope College

News from Hope College

No abstract provided.


British Online Archives, Katherine Van Arsdale Apr 2024

British Online Archives, Katherine Van Arsdale

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Films Digitized To Celebrate Andrews University Sesquicentennial, Katherine Van Arsdale Apr 2024

Films Digitized To Celebrate Andrews University Sesquicentennial, Katherine Van Arsdale

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Spring Issue 2024, Emily Watson, Phoebe Thomas, Tifanee Mask, Destiny Dehart, Xinyu Yu Mills, Cameron O'Steen Mar 2024

The Spring Issue 2024, Emily Watson, Phoebe Thomas, Tifanee Mask, Destiny Dehart, Xinyu Yu Mills, Cameron O'Steen

Fonds and Feathers

This issue edited by Emily Watson features "How culturally competent are you" by Phoebe Thomas, "Revitalizing indigenous rights" and "Unveiling Clotilda" by Tifanee Mask, and "Archive atrocities" by Destiny Dehart. In addition, upcoming conferences are listed. A list of students who will graduate in May 2024 with MLIS and the graduate archival certificate are honored.


March 2024, Volume 20, Number 1, Winthrop University Archives And Special Collections Mar 2024

March 2024, Volume 20, Number 1, Winthrop University Archives And Special Collections

Retrospect: News from the Louise Pettus Archives and Special Collections at Winthrop University

No abstract provided.


Connecting Local Archive Data To Wikidata: Focusing On The Archives Of National Debt Redemption Movement, Jaehyuk Yun, Sam G. Oh Feb 2024

Connecting Local Archive Data To Wikidata: Focusing On The Archives Of National Debt Redemption Movement, Jaehyuk Yun, Sam G. Oh

Journal of East Asian Libraries

This study aims to enhance accessibility and data utilization of digital cultural heritage preserved by the National Debt Redemption Movement (NDRM) digital archive. The NDRM archive wants to promote the historical value of cultural heritage, but it struggles with data openness, a common problem for small local archives. In order to overcome this limitation, the research proposes using Wikidata and its SPARQL-based query service. This includes analyzing NDRM materials, the current state of the archive, and metadata elements, and then mapping these to Wikidata properties. Research shows that integrating archival data into Wikidata has the advantages of data expansion, quality …


Entire Issue Vol. 12 No. 1, Stacy L. Creel, Ph.D., Teresa S. Welsh, Ph.D. Feb 2024

Entire Issue Vol. 12 No. 1, Stacy L. Creel, Ph.D., Teresa S. Welsh, Ph.D.

SLIS Connecting

No abstract provided.


Selection Of Spring And Fall 2023 Master’S Project Posters, Stacy L. Creel, Ph.D. Feb 2024

Selection Of Spring And Fall 2023 Master’S Project Posters, Stacy L. Creel, Ph.D.

SLIS Connecting

Students are required to create academic research posters on their capstone research project and present them in class. The following selection of the Master’s Project Capstone Posters are from LIS 695 in the Spring 2023 and Fall 2023.


Historical Qualitative And Quantitative Overview Of Classic Literature Embraced By Rock N’ Roll, 1960-2000, Winifred J. Boyd Feb 2024

Historical Qualitative And Quantitative Overview Of Classic Literature Embraced By Rock N’ Roll, 1960-2000, Winifred J. Boyd

SLIS Connecting

Rock music lyrics are often denied their status as influential pieces of literature in much the same way, it seems, as graphic novels, but both are no less effective in conveying a message or eliciting a powerful feeling. Not until October 2016, when Bob Dylan became the first songwriter to win the Nobel Prize in literature since 1913, did lyrics truly get a step closer to being recognized as literature within the boundaries of rock music (Chaudhuri, 2016)? This study was designed to help inspire others to take up the torch to further research: the influence and the power that …