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2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 6791

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Biological, Clinical, And Forensic Analysis Using Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography, Nicholas Snow Jun 2015

Biological, Clinical, And Forensic Analysis Using Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography, Nicholas Snow

Nicholas A Snow

No abstract provided.


Humancentric Applications Of Rfid Chips, S. Derrick, K. Michael, H. Tootell Dec 2012

Humancentric Applications Of Rfid Chips, S. Derrick, K. Michael, H. Tootell

Dr Holly Tootell

No abstract provided.


Metal Modulation Epitaxy Growth For Extremely High Hole Concentrations Above 10(19) Cm(-3) In Gan, Gon Namkoong, Elaissa Trybus, Kyung Keun Lee, Michael Moseley, W. Alan Doolittle, David C. Look Dec 2007

Metal Modulation Epitaxy Growth For Extremely High Hole Concentrations Above 10(19) Cm(-3) In Gan, Gon Namkoong, Elaissa Trybus, Kyung Keun Lee, Michael Moseley, W. Alan Doolittle, David C. Look

Applied Research Center Publications

The free hole carriers in GaN have been limited to concentrations in the low 1018 cm−3 range due to the deep activation energy, lower solubility, and compensation from defects, therefore, limiting doping efficiency to about 1%. Herein, we report an enhanced doping efficiency up to ~10% in GaN by a periodic doping, metal modulation epitaxy growth technique. The hole concentrations grown by periodically modulating Ga atoms and Mg dopants were over ~1.5 x 1019 cm−3.

© 2008 American Institute of Physics.


Unit Rectangle Visibility Graphs, Alice M. Dean, Joanna A. Ellis-Monaghan, Sarah J. Hamilton, Greta Pangborn Dec 2007

Unit Rectangle Visibility Graphs, Alice M. Dean, Joanna A. Ellis-Monaghan, Sarah J. Hamilton, Greta Pangborn

Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science Faculty Research and Publications

Over the past twenty years, rectangle visibility graphs have generated consider- able interest, in part due to their applicability to VLSI chip design. Here we study unit rectangle visibility graphs, with fixed dimension restrictions more closely modeling the constrained dimensions of gates and other circuit components in computer chip applications. A graph G is a unit rectangle visibility graph (URVG) if its vertices can be represented by closed unit squares in the plane with sides parallel to the axes and pairwise disjoint interiors, in such a way that two vertices are adjacent if and only if there is a non-degenerate …


Front Matter Dec 2007

Front Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Back Matter Dec 2007

Back Matter

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


Masthead Dec 2007

Masthead

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

No abstract provided.


The Bivalvia And Gastropoda Fauna Of The Ammonitico Rosso Facies Of Late Sinemurian-Early Pliensbachian Of The Kösreli̇k Region (Ne Ankara-Turkey); First Record Of Annelid Polychaete Species And Their Paleogeographic And Paleoecologic Characteristics, Yavuz Okan, İzzet Hoşgör Dec 2007

The Bivalvia And Gastropoda Fauna Of The Ammonitico Rosso Facies Of Late Sinemurian-Early Pliensbachian Of The Kösreli̇k Region (Ne Ankara-Turkey); First Record Of Annelid Polychaete Species And Their Paleogeographic And Paleoecologic Characteristics, Yavuz Okan, İzzet Hoşgör

Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration

No abstract provided.


Nevada Interagency Volunteer Program: Helping Hands Across Public Lands – Phase Ii: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Covering October 1 – December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2007

Nevada Interagency Volunteer Program: Helping Hands Across Public Lands – Phase Ii: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Covering October 1 – December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

  • The number of records in the volunteer database increased 12% over last quarter. The database now contains 4,937 records.
  • Website activity decreased, recording an average of 82,859 hits per month, a decrease of 31% from last quarter, with an average of 8,191 pages viewed per month.
  • Volunteer fall training has been completed.
  • Three National Public Land Day Events have been completed.
  • Two hundred and ten people attended the Volunteer Recognition Event.


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2007

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Wildlife Monitoring

Project 1. Relict Leopard Frog Monitoring, Management, and Research

  • Fall surveys completed at all natural and translocation sites.
  • Coordination for a potential translocation site on BLM lands in the Gold Butte area ongoing – the aim is that this site will be ready for translocations in 2008.
  • Coordination ongoing for evaluation of a translocation site on BLM lands in the Black Mountains, AZ – the plan is to complete compliance in 2008.
  • Coordination and assistance provided to UNLV research efforts on habitat improvements at Blue Point, Rogers, and Pupfish Refuge springs.
  • Relict Leopard Frog Conservation Team meeting held in December. …


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, October 1, 2007 To December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2007

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, October 1, 2007 To December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Vegetation Monitoring

Executive Summary

  • The Weed Sentry program surveyed more than 750 miles of federal lands in Clark County for invasive, exotic plant species.
  • Weed Sentry also removed more than 600,000 individual invasive plants from federal
    lands. These removals represent pro-active efforts that may have forestalled large
    infestations difficult and costly to eradicate.
  • In response to a request by the manager of the Fish and Wildlife Service Desert National
    Wildlife Refuge, a major effort of surveying springs for plant community composition
    and invasive plants provided unique knowledge services by the Weed Sentry program.
    No such baseline information existed for the Sheep Range. …


Limnological Assistance For The Lake Mead National Recreation Area In Meeting The Challenge Of The Water 2025 Initiative: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending: December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2007

Limnological Assistance For The Lake Mead National Recreation Area In Meeting The Challenge Of The Water 2025 Initiative: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending: December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Limnological Studies

  • The limnologist position has been announced.
  • Project 1: Review of the draft Boulder Basin Adaptive Management Plan is underway.
  • Project 2: Development of a white paper expressing the joint needs of the entities involved in Water 2025 projects is being coordinated.
  • Project 3: A bibliographic reference spreadsheet organizing literature citations related to quagga and zebra mussel research has been completed.
  • Project 4: A comprehensive literature search of Lake Mead limnology is well underway; an Access database has been designed to organize reference citations; and a special collections library at UNLV is being established to house original rare documents and other …


Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2007

Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2007, Margaret N. Rees

Interagency Science and Research Strategy

  • Meetings were held with the SNAP Recreation Team and the SNAP Cultural Resources Team to request assistance in the development of the science strategy. Draft versions of interagency goals, subgoals, science questions, and associated tasks were given to each team for review and input.
  • Plans were prepared for the peer review of science proposals submitted for consideration as Conservations Initiatives in SNPLMA Round 9.
  • Proceedings of the natural resources management workshop held on September 13 were completed and sent to the Science & Research Team for review by members.
  • An important focus of the Science and Research Team was the …


Muon-Fluorine Entangled States In Molecular Magnets, T Lancaster, S J. Blundell, P J. Baker, M L. Brooks, W Hayes, F L. Pratt, Jamie L. Manson, M M. Conner, J A. Schlueter Dec 2007

Muon-Fluorine Entangled States In Molecular Magnets, T Lancaster, S J. Blundell, P J. Baker, M L. Brooks, W Hayes, F L. Pratt, Jamie L. Manson, M M. Conner, J A. Schlueter

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

The information accessible from a muon-spin relaxation experiment can be limited due to a lack of knowledge of the precise muon stopping site. We demonstrate here the possibility of localizing a spin polarized muon in a known stopping state in a molecular material containing fluorine. The muon-spin precession that results from the entangled nature of the muon spin and surrounding nuclear spins is sensitive to the nature of the stopping site. We use this property to identify three classes of sites that occur in molecular magnets and describe the extent to which the muon distorts its surroundings.


On The Convergence Theorems Of The Mcshane Integral For Riesz-Spaces-Valued Functions Defined On Real Line, Muslim Ansori, Yosephus D. Sumanto, Novi Rustiana Dewi Dec 2007

On The Convergence Theorems Of The Mcshane Integral For Riesz-Spaces-Valued Functions Defined On Real Line, Muslim Ansori, Yosephus D. Sumanto, Novi Rustiana Dewi

PYTHAGORAS : Jurnal Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika

This paper is a partial result of our researchs in the main topic "On The McShane Integral for Riesz-Spaces-valued Functions Defined on the space ". We have constructed McShane integral for Riesz-spaces-valued functions defined on the space by a technique involving double sequences and proved some basic properties which coincides with the McShane Integral for Banach-spaces valued functions defined on real line. Further, we construct some convergence theorems involving uniformly convergence theorems, monotone convergence theorems and Fatou's lemma in the sense of this integral.
Keywords : Riesz Space, McShane Integral


Inversi Dan Titik-Titik Harmonis, Himmawati Puji, Caturiyati Caturiyati Dec 2007

Inversi Dan Titik-Titik Harmonis, Himmawati Puji, Caturiyati Caturiyati

PYTHAGORAS : Jurnal Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika

Given a circle centre O and radius r in , the inversion in this circle is the mapping defined by , where lies on the straight line through O and A, and on the same side of O as A, and . It will be investigated the property of inversion related to four harmonic points. The result is that the cross-ratio of any four coplanar points A, B, C, D is invariant under inversion. Hence, the inversion preserves the four harmonic points.
Keywords : inversion, cross ratio, four harmonic points.


Masalah Norm Minimum Pada Ruang Hilbert Dan Aplikasinya, Karyati Karyati, Dhoriva Urwatul Wutsqa Dec 2007

Masalah Norm Minimum Pada Ruang Hilbert Dan Aplikasinya, Karyati Karyati, Dhoriva Urwatul Wutsqa

PYTHAGORAS : Jurnal Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika

In this paper, will be discussed about the minimum norm in the pre- Hilbert Space, Hilbert space and its modification, and its application. The results are: Let X be a pre-Hilbert space and M is a sub space of X. If an element is fixed, then : . If there is such that , then is unique. Let H be a Hilbert space and M be a closed sub space of H . If , then there is a unique element such that , . Let X be a Hilbert space , M be a closed sub space of X …


Pendugaan Parameter Regresi Logistik Dengan Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan, Anik Djuraidah Dec 2007

Pendugaan Parameter Regresi Logistik Dengan Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan, Anik Djuraidah

PYTHAGORAS : Jurnal Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika

Logistic regression can be mapped equivalent to artificial neural network (ANN) without hidden layer with logistic as activation function, hence logistic regression is subset of ANN. The result study on binary and poly-chotomous response data show that parameter estimation values of ANN and logistic regression are similar. In comparison with ANN, logistic regression has standard procedure for estimation and testing parameter.
Keyword : logistic regression, generalized linear model, artificial neural network, activation function, hidden layer


Menghitung Nilai Probabilitas Pada Distribusi Normal Multivariate, Jaka Nugraha Dec 2007

Menghitung Nilai Probabilitas Pada Distribusi Normal Multivariate, Jaka Nugraha

PYTHAGORAS : Jurnal Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika

Menghitung nilai probabilitas variabel random yang mempunyai distribusi multivariat normal, merupakan salah satu kendala dalam model probit. Persamaan probabilitas dalam model probit tidak berbentuk persamaan tertutup dan harus diselesaikan secara numerik maupun simulasi. Metode Gezn merupakan metode yang paling efektif untuk menghitung nilai probabilitas normal multivariat. Metode ini banyak diimplementasikan dalam beberapa "package" pada program R. Metode ini juga telah diimplementasikan dalam model multinomial probit yang populer disebut dengan simulator Geweke-Hajivassiliou-Keane (GHK).
Kata kunci : model multinomial probit, faktor Cholesky, random utiliti, deret Taylor


Casimir Effect In Quantum Physics, Matthew James Urfer Dec 2007

Casimir Effect In Quantum Physics, Matthew James Urfer

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Numerical Approximations Of Differential Equations And Applications In Maple, Joyce Zimmerman Dec 2007

Numerical Approximations Of Differential Equations And Applications In Maple, Joyce Zimmerman

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Pre - Neogene Tectonostratigraphy Of Di̇lek Peninsula And The Area Surrounding Söke And Selçuk, Ali Çakmakoğlu Dec 2007

Pre - Neogene Tectonostratigraphy Of Di̇lek Peninsula And The Area Surrounding Söke And Selçuk, Ali Çakmakoğlu

Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration

No abstract provided.


Optical Estimation Of Auroral Ion Upflow: Theory, M. Zettergren, J. L. Semeter, P. L. Blelly, M. Diaz Dec 2007

Optical Estimation Of Auroral Ion Upflow: Theory, M. Zettergren, J. L. Semeter, P. L. Blelly, M. Diaz

Publications

This work presents a systematic analysis of optical emissions related to auroral ion upflow. Optical intensities and field‐aligned ion transport are computed for a set of monoenergetic incident electron beams using a combined fluid‐kinetic model. The kinetic portion models the energetic particle transport with a multiple stream approach and provides ionization, excitation, and heating rates to an eight‐moment fluid model of the ionosphere, which then calculates the resulting ion upflow. The analysis is used to develop a technique for estimating upward ion flux from photometric measurements at five discrete wavelengths: 427.8 nm, 557.7 nm, 630.0 nm, 732 nm, and 844.6 …


Unresolved Issues With The Assessment Of Multidecadal Global Land Surface Temperature Trends, Roger A. Pielke Sr., Christopher A. Davey, Dev Niyogi, Souleymane Fall, Jesse Steinweg-Woods, Ken Hubbard, Xiaomao Lin, Ming Cai, Young-Kwon Lim, Hong Li, John Nielsen-Gammon, Kevin Gallo, Robert Hale, Rezaul Mahmood, Stuart Foster, Richard T. Mcnider, Peter Blanken Dec 2007

Unresolved Issues With The Assessment Of Multidecadal Global Land Surface Temperature Trends, Roger A. Pielke Sr., Christopher A. Davey, Dev Niyogi, Souleymane Fall, Jesse Steinweg-Woods, Ken Hubbard, Xiaomao Lin, Ming Cai, Young-Kwon Lim, Hong Li, John Nielsen-Gammon, Kevin Gallo, Robert Hale, Rezaul Mahmood, Stuart Foster, Richard T. Mcnider, Peter Blanken

School of Natural Resources: Faculty Publications

This paper documents various unresolved issues in using surface temperature trends as a metric for assessing global and regional climate change. A series of examples ranging from errors caused by temperature measurements at a monitoring station to the undocumented biases in the regionally and globally averaged time series are provided. The issues are poorly understood or documented and relate to micrometeorological impacts due to warm bias in nighttime minimum temperatures, poor siting of the instrumentation, effect of winds as well as surface atmospheric water vapor content on temperature trends, the quantification of uncertainties in the homogenization of surface temperature data, …


Theory And Numerics Of Gravitational Waves From Preheating After Inflation, Jean-François Dufaux, Amanda Bergman, Gary Felder, Lev Kofman, Jean-Philippe Uzan Dec 2007

Theory And Numerics Of Gravitational Waves From Preheating After Inflation, Jean-François Dufaux, Amanda Bergman, Gary Felder, Lev Kofman, Jean-Philippe Uzan

Physics: Faculty Publications

Preheating after inflation involves large, time-dependent field inhomogeneities, which act as a classical source of gravitational radiation. The resulting spectrum might be probed by direct detection experiments if inflation occurs at a low enough energy scale. In this paper, we develop a theory and algorithm to calculate, analytically and numerically, the spectrum of energy density in gravitational waves produced from an inhomogeneous background of stochastic scalar fields in an expanding universe. We derive some generic analytical results for the emission of gravity waves by stochastic media of random fields, which can test the validity/accuracy of numerical calculations. We contrast our …


Extending The Information Partition Function: Modeling Interaction Effects In Highly Multivariate, Discrete Data, Paul C. Cannon Dec 2007

Extending The Information Partition Function: Modeling Interaction Effects In Highly Multivariate, Discrete Data, Paul C. Cannon

Theses and Dissertations

Because of the huge amounts of data made available by the technology boom in the late twentieth century, new methods are required to turn data into usable information. Much of this data is categorical in nature, which makes estimation difficult in highly multivariate settings. In this thesis we review various multivariate statistical methods, discuss various statistical methods of natural language processing (NLP), and discuss a general class of models described by Erosheva (2002) called generalized mixed membership models. We then propose extensions of the information partition function (IPF) derived by Engler (2002), Oliphant (2003), and Tolley (2006) that will allow …


Science Plan For Potential 2008 Experimental High Flow At Glen Canyon Dam, Grand Canyon Monitoring And Research Center Dec 2007

Science Plan For Potential 2008 Experimental High Flow At Glen Canyon Dam, Grand Canyon Monitoring And Research Center

All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository)

No abstract provided.


Starspots And Relativity: Applied Doppler Imaging For The Gravity Probe B Mission, Stephen C. Marsden, Svetlana V. Berdyugina, Jean-Francois Donati, Joel A. Eaton, Michael H. Williamson Dec 2007

Starspots And Relativity: Applied Doppler Imaging For The Gravity Probe B Mission, Stephen C. Marsden, Svetlana V. Berdyugina, Jean-Francois Donati, Joel A. Eaton, Michael H. Williamson

Information Systems and Engineering Management Research Publications

We present Doppler images and surface differential rotation measurements for the primary of the RS CVn binary IM Pegasi, the guide star for the Gravity Probe B experiment. The data used is a subset of that taken during optical support of the mission and was obtained almost nightly over a near three year period from the Automatic Spectroscopic Telescope operated by Tennessee State University. Using the technique of least-squares deconvolution to increase the signal-to-noise ratio of the data, we have reconstructed 31 maximum entropy Doppler images of the star. The images show that the spot features are relatively stable for …


Validation Of The Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Hnomeasurements, M L. Santee, A Lambert, W G. Read, N J. Livesey, R E. Cofield, D T. Cuddy, W H. Daffer, B J. Drouin, L Froidevaux, R A. Fuller, R F. Jarnot, B W. Knosp, G L. Manney, V S. Perun, W V. Snyder, P C. Stek, R P. Thurstans, P A. Wagner, J W. Waters, G Muscari, R L. De Zafra, Jack E. Dibb, D W. Fahey, P J. Popp, T P. Marcy, K W. Jucks, G C. Toon, R A. Stachnik, P F. Bernath, C D. Boone, K A. Walker, J Urban, D Murtagh Dec 2007

Validation Of The Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Hnomeasurements, M L. Santee, A Lambert, W G. Read, N J. Livesey, R E. Cofield, D T. Cuddy, W H. Daffer, B J. Drouin, L Froidevaux, R A. Fuller, R F. Jarnot, B W. Knosp, G L. Manney, V S. Perun, W V. Snyder, P C. Stek, R P. Thurstans, P A. Wagner, J W. Waters, G Muscari, R L. De Zafra, Jack E. Dibb, D W. Fahey, P J. Popp, T P. Marcy, K W. Jucks, G C. Toon, R A. Stachnik, P F. Bernath, C D. Boone, K A. Walker, J Urban, D Murtagh

Earth Sciences

We assess the quality of the version 2.2 (v2.2) HNO3 measurements from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Earth Observing System Aura satellite. The MLS HNO3 product has been greatly improved over that in the previous version (v1.5), with smoother profiles, much more realistic behavior at the lowest retrieval levels, and correction of a high bias caused by an error in one of the spectroscopy files used in v1.5 processing. The v2.2 HNO3 data are scientifically useful over the range 215 to 3.2 hPa, with single-profile precision of ∼0.7 ppbv throughout. Vertical resolution is 3–4 km …


Exploiting Self-Assembly For Ligand-Scaffold Optimization: Substrate-Tailored Ligands For Efficient Catalytic Asymmetric Hydroboration, Shin A. Moteki, James M. Takacs Dec 2007

Exploiting Self-Assembly For Ligand-Scaffold Optimization: Substrate-Tailored Ligands For Efficient Catalytic Asymmetric Hydroboration, Shin A. Moteki, James M. Takacs

James Takacs Publications

A self-assembled ligand library (SAL XY) affords a wide range of R/S ratios in Rh-catalyzed asymmetric hydroboration (nbd = 2,5norbornadiene, R* is a chiral substituent). Ligand-scaffold optimization reveals “substrate-tailored” ligands that afford high regio- and enantioselectivity for a variety of ortho-substituted styrene derivatives.

Includes article (4 pp.) and supporting information (106 pp.).