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Physics Faculty Publications

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

A Laser Frequency Transverse Modulation Might Compensate For The Spectral Broadening Due To Large Electron Energy Spread In Thomson Sources, Vittoria Petrillo, Illya Drebot, Geoffrey Krafft, Cesare Maroli, Andrea R. Rossi, Marcello Rossetti Conti, Marcel Ruijter, Balša Terzić Jan 2022

A Laser Frequency Transverse Modulation Might Compensate For The Spectral Broadening Due To Large Electron Energy Spread In Thomson Sources, Vittoria Petrillo, Illya Drebot, Geoffrey Krafft, Cesare Maroli, Andrea R. Rossi, Marcello Rossetti Conti, Marcel Ruijter, Balša Terzić

Physics Faculty Publications

Compact laser plasma accelerators generate high-energy electron beams with increasing quality. When used in inverse Compton backscattering, however, the relatively large electron energy spread jeopardizes potential applications requiring small bandwidths. We present here a novel interaction scheme that allows us to compensate for the negative effects of the electron energy spread on the spectrum, by introducing a transverse spatial frequency modulation in the laser pulse. Such a laser chirp, together with a properly dispersed electron beam, can substantially reduce the broadening of the Compton bandwidth due to the electron energy spread. We show theoretical analysis and numerical simulations for hard ...


X17 Boson And The ³H(P, E⁺E⁻) ⁴He And ³He(N,E⁺E⁻) ⁴He Processes: A Theoretical Analysis, M. Viviani, E. Filandri, C. Gustavino, A. Kievsky, L. E. Marcucci, Rocco Schiavilla Jan 2022

X17 Boson And The ³H(P, E⁺E⁻) ⁴He And ³He(N,E⁺E⁻) ⁴He Processes: A Theoretical Analysis, M. Viviani, E. Filandri, C. Gustavino, A. Kievsky, L. E. Marcucci, Rocco Schiavilla

Physics Faculty Publications

The present work deals with e+−e pair production in the four-nucleon system. We first analyze the process as a purely electromagnetic one in the context of a state-of-the-art approach to nuclear strong-interaction dynamics and nuclear electromagnetic currents, derived from chiral effective field theory (χEFT). Next, we examine how the exchange of a hypothetical low-mass boson would impact the cross section for such a process. We consider several possibilities, that this boson is either a scalar, pseudoscalar, vector, or axial particle. The ab initio calculations use exact hyperspherical-harmonics methods to describe the bound state and low-energy spectrum of the A ...


Experimental Study Of The Behavior Of The Bjorken Sum At Very Low Q², A. Deur, J. P. Chen, S. E. Kuhn, C. Peng, M. Ripani, V. Sulkosky, K. Adhikari, M. Battaglieri, V. D. Burkert, G. D. Cates, R. De Vita, G.E. Dodge, L. El Fassi, F. Garibaldi, H. Kang, M. Osipenko, J. T. Singh, K. Slifer, J. Zhang, X. Zheng Jan 2022

Experimental Study Of The Behavior Of The Bjorken Sum At Very Low Q², A. Deur, J. P. Chen, S. E. Kuhn, C. Peng, M. Ripani, V. Sulkosky, K. Adhikari, M. Battaglieri, V. D. Burkert, G. D. Cates, R. De Vita, G.E. Dodge, L. El Fassi, F. Garibaldi, H. Kang, M. Osipenko, J. T. Singh, K. Slifer, J. Zhang, X. Zheng

Physics Faculty Publications

We present new data on the Bjorken sum -Γ p-n1 (Q2) at 4-momentum transfer 0.021 ≤ Q2 ≤ 0.496 GeV2. The data were obtained in two experiments performed at Jefferson Lab: EG4 on polarized protons and deuterons, and E97110 on polarized 3He from which neutron data were extracted. The data cover the domain where chiral effective field theory (χEFT), the leading effective theory of the Strong Force at large distances, is expected to be applicable. We find that our data and the predictions from χEFT are only in marginal agreement. This is somewhat ...


Neutrino Energy Reconstruction From Semi-Inclusive Samples, R. González-Jiménez, M. B. Barbaro, J. A. Caballero, T. W. Donnelly, N. Jachowicz, G.D. Megias, K. Niewczas, A. Nikolakopoulos, J.W. Van Orden, J. M. Udías Jan 2022

Neutrino Energy Reconstruction From Semi-Inclusive Samples, R. González-Jiménez, M. B. Barbaro, J. A. Caballero, T. W. Donnelly, N. Jachowicz, G.D. Megias, K. Niewczas, A. Nikolakopoulos, J.W. Van Orden, J. M. Udías

Physics Faculty Publications

We study neutrino-nucleus charged-current reactions on finite nuclei for the situation in which an outgoing muon and a proton are detected in coincidence; i.e., we focus on semi-inclusive cross sections. We limit our attention to one-body current interactions (quasielastic scattering) and assess the impact of different nuclear effects in the determination of the neutrino energy. We identify the regions in phase space where the neutrino energy can be reconstructed relatively well and study whether the cross section in those regions is significant. Our results indicate that it is possible to filter more than 50% of all events according to ...


The Cross-Section Measurement For The 3H (E, E', K+) Nnλ Reaction, K. N. Suzuki, T. Gogami, B. Pandey, Florian Hauenstein, Charles E. Hyde, Z. Ye, J. Zhang, X. Zheng, Et Al. Jan 2022

The Cross-Section Measurement For The 3H (E, E', K+) Nnλ Reaction, K. N. Suzuki, T. Gogami, B. Pandey, Florian Hauenstein, Charles E. Hyde, Z. Ye, J. Zhang, X. Zheng, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

The small binding energy of the hypertriton leads to predictions of the non-existence of bound hypernuclei for isotriplet three-body systems such as nnΛ. However, invariant mass spectroscopy at GSI has reported events that may be interpreted as the bound nnΛ state. The nnΛ state was sought by missing-mass spectroscopy via the (e, e′K+) reaction at Jefferson Lab’s experimental Hall A. The present experiment has higher sensitivity to the nnΛ-state investigation in terms of better precision by a factor of about three. The analysis shown in this article focuses on the derivation of the reaction ...


Question 1: Snow Volume; Question 2: Longbow Arrow Velocity, Larry Weinstein Jan 2022

Question 1: Snow Volume; Question 2: Longbow Arrow Velocity, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Transversity Parton Distribution Function Of The Nucleon Using The Pseudodistribution Approach, Colin Egerer, Christos Kallidonis, Joseph Karpie, Nikhil Karthik, Christopher J. Monahan, Wayne Morris, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Eloy Romero, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos, On Behalf Of The Hadstruc Collaboration Jan 2022

Transversity Parton Distribution Function Of The Nucleon Using The Pseudodistribution Approach, Colin Egerer, Christos Kallidonis, Joseph Karpie, Nikhil Karthik, Christopher J. Monahan, Wayne Morris, Kostas Orginos, Anatoly Radyushkin, Eloy Romero, Raza Sabbir Sufian, Savvas Zafeiropoulos, On Behalf Of The Hadstruc Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a determination of the nonsinglet transversity parton distribution function (PDF) of the nucleon, normalized with respect to the tensor charge at μ2 ¼ 2 GeV2 from lattice quantum chromodynamics. We apply the pseudodistribution approach, using a gauge ensemble with a lattice spacing of 0.094 fm and the light quark mass tuned to a pion mass of 358 MeV. We extract the transversity PDF from the analysis of the short-distance behavior of the Ioffe-time pseudodistribution using the leading-twist nextto-leading order (NLO) matching coefficients calculated for transversity. We reconstruct the x-dependence of the transversity PDF through an expansion in ...


Measurement Of The Nucleon FN₂/FP₂ Structure Function Ratio By The Jefferson Lab Marathon Tritium/Helium-3 Deep Inelastic Scattering Experiment, Jefferson Lab Hall A Tritium Collaboration, D. Abrams, H. Albataineh, B. S. Aljawrneh, Dilini Bulumulla, Florian Hauenstein, Charles Hyde, Mariana Khachatryan, M.N.H. Rashad, Z. H. Ye, Z. Y. Ye, J. Zhang, Et Al. Jan 2022

Measurement Of The Nucleon FN₂/FP₂ Structure Function Ratio By The Jefferson Lab Marathon Tritium/Helium-3 Deep Inelastic Scattering Experiment, Jefferson Lab Hall A Tritium Collaboration, D. Abrams, H. Albataineh, B. S. Aljawrneh, Dilini Bulumulla, Florian Hauenstein, Charles Hyde, Mariana Khachatryan, M.N.H. Rashad, Z. H. Ye, Z. Y. Ye, J. Zhang, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

The ratio of the nucleon F2 structure functions, Fn2/Fp2, is determined by the MARATHON experiment from measurements of deep inelastic scattering of electrons from 3H and 3He nuclei. The experiment was performed in the Hall A Facility of Jefferson Lab using two high-resolution spectrometers for electron detection, and a cryogenic target system which included a low-activity tritium cell. The data analysis used a novel technique exploiting the mirror symmetry of the two nuclei, which essentially eliminates many theoretical uncertainties in the extraction of the ratio. The results, which cover the Bjorken scaling ...


Form Factors And Two-Photon Exchange In High-Energy Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering, M. E. Christy, T. Gautam, L. Ou, S.L. Allison, D. Bulumulla, F. Hauenstein, C. Hyde, K. Park, M.N.H. Rashad, J. Zhang, Y. X. Zhao, P. Zhu, Et Al. Jan 2022

Form Factors And Two-Photon Exchange In High-Energy Elastic Electron-Proton Scattering, M. E. Christy, T. Gautam, L. Ou, S.L. Allison, D. Bulumulla, F. Hauenstein, C. Hyde, K. Park, M.N.H. Rashad, J. Zhang, Y. X. Zhao, P. Zhu, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

We present new precision measurements of the elastic electron-proton scattering cross section for momentum transfer (Q2) up to 15.75  (GeV/c)2. Combined with existing data, these provide an improved extraction of the proton magnetic form factor at high Q2 and double the range over which a longitudinal or transverse separation of the cross section can be performed. The difference between our results and polarization data agrees with that observed at lower Q2 and attributed to hard two-photon exchange (TPE) effects, extending to 8 (GeV/c)2 the range of Q2 for which a discrepancy ...


Solutions For Fermi Questions, January 2022: Question 1: Snow Volume; Question 2: Longbow Arrow Velocity, Larry Weinstein Jan 2022

Solutions For Fermi Questions, January 2022: Question 1: Snow Volume; Question 2: Longbow Arrow Velocity, Larry Weinstein

Physics Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Short-Distance Structure Of Unpolarized Gluon Pseudodistributions, Ian Balitsky, Wayne Morris, Anatoly Radyushkin Jan 2022

Short-Distance Structure Of Unpolarized Gluon Pseudodistributions, Ian Balitsky, Wayne Morris, Anatoly Radyushkin

Physics Faculty Publications

We present the results that form the basis for calculations of the unpolarized gluon parton distributions (PDFs) using the pseudo-PDF approach. We give the results for the most complicated box diagram both for gluon bilocal operators with arbitrary indices and for combinations of indices corresponding to three matrix elements that are most convenient to extract the twist-2 invariant amplitude. We also present detailed results for the gluon-quark transition diagram. The additional results for the box diagram and the gluon-quark contribution may be used for extractions of the gluon PDF from different matrix elements, with a possible cross-check of the results ...


Nonlinear Meissner Effect In Nb3Sn Coplanar Resonators, Junki Makita, C. Sundahl, Gianluigi Ciovati, C. B. Eom, Alex Gurevich Jan 2022

Nonlinear Meissner Effect In Nb3Sn Coplanar Resonators, Junki Makita, C. Sundahl, Gianluigi Ciovati, C. B. Eom, Alex Gurevich

Physics Faculty Publications

We investigated the nonlinear Meissner effect (NLME) in Nb3Sn thin-film coplanar resonators by measuring the resonance frequency as a function of a parallel magnetic field at different temperatures. We used low rf power probing in films thinner than the London penetration depth λ(B) to significantly increase the field onset of vortex penetration and measure the NLME under equilibrium conditions. Contrary to the conventional quadratic increase of λ(B) with B expected in s-wave superconductors, we observed a nearly linear increase of the penetration depth with B. We concluded that this behavior of λ(B) is due to ...


Measurement Of Spin Density Matrix Elements In Λ(1520) Photoproduction At 8.2-8.8 Gev, Shankar Adhikari, C. S. Akondi, M. Albrecht, Moskov Amaryan, Tyler Viducic, B. Zihlmann, Et Al., Gluex Collaboration, D. I. Glazier, V. Mathieu Jan 2022

Measurement Of Spin Density Matrix Elements In Λ(1520) Photoproduction At 8.2-8.8 Gev, Shankar Adhikari, C. S. Akondi, M. Albrecht, Moskov Amaryan, Tyler Viducic, B. Zihlmann, Et Al., Gluex Collaboration, D. I. Glazier, V. Mathieu

Physics Faculty Publications

We report on the measurement of spin density matrix elements of the Λ(1520) in the photoproduction reaction γp→Λ(1520)K+, via its subsequent decay to Kp. The measurement was performed as part of the GlueX experimental program in Hall D at Jefferson Laboratory using a linearly polarized photon beam with Eγ = 8.2 GeV–8.8 GeV. These are the first such measurements in this photon energy range. Results are presented in bins of momentum transfer squared, − (t − t0). We compare the results with a Reggeon exchange model and determine that natural exchange amplitudes are ...


Measurement Of Charged-Pion Production In Deep-Inelastic Scattering Off Nuclei With The Clas Detector, Clas Collaboration, S. Morán, R. Dupre, H. Hakobyan, Moskov J. Amaryan, Dilini Bulumulla, Mohammad Hattawy, Florian Hauenstein, Sebastian Kuhn, Pushpa Pandey, Jiwan Poudel, Yelena Prok, Lawrence B. Weinstein, N. Zachariou, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, Et Al. Jan 2022

Measurement Of Charged-Pion Production In Deep-Inelastic Scattering Off Nuclei With The Clas Detector, Clas Collaboration, S. Morán, R. Dupre, H. Hakobyan, Moskov J. Amaryan, Dilini Bulumulla, Mohammad Hattawy, Florian Hauenstein, Sebastian Kuhn, Pushpa Pandey, Jiwan Poudel, Yelena Prok, Lawrence B. Weinstein, N. Zachariou, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

Background: Energetic quarks in nuclear deep-inelastic scattering propagate through the nuclear medium. Processes that are believed to occur inside nuclei include quark energy loss through medium-stimulated gluon bremsstrahlung and intranuclear interactions of forming hadrons. More data are required to gain a more complete understanding of these effects.

Purpose: To test the theoretical models of parton transport and hadron formation, we compared their predictions for the nuclear and kinematic dependence of pion production in nuclei.

Methods: We have measured charged-pion production in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering off D, C, Fe, and Pb using the CLAS detector and the CEBAF 5.014-GeV electron ...


Parton Distribution Function For Topological Charge At One Loop, Anatoly Radyushkin, Shuai Zhao Jan 2022

Parton Distribution Function For Topological Charge At One Loop, Anatoly Radyushkin, Shuai Zhao

Physics Faculty Publications

We present results for the gg-part of the one-loop corrections to the recently introduced “topological charge” GPD ~F(x, q2). In particular, we give expression for its evolution kernel. To enforce strict compliance with the gauge invariance requirements, we have used on-shell states for external gluons, and have obtained identical results both in Feynman and light-cone gauges. No “zero mode” δ(x) terms were found for the twist-4 gluon GPD ~F(x, q2).


Polarized Gluon Pseudodistributions At Short Distances, Ian Balitsky, Wayne Morris, Anatoly Radyushkin Jan 2022

Polarized Gluon Pseudodistributions At Short Distances, Ian Balitsky, Wayne Morris, Anatoly Radyushkin

Physics Faculty Publications

We formulate the basic points of the pseudo-PDF approach to the lattice calculation of polarized gluon PDFs. We present the results of our calculations of the one-loop corrections for the bilocal Gμα(z)G̃λβ(0) correlator of gluonic fields. Expressions are given for a general situation when all four indices are arbitrary, and also for specific combinations of indices corresponding to three matrix elements that contain the twist-2 invariant amplitude related to the polarized PDF. We study the evolution properties of these matrix elements, and derive matching relations between Euclidean and light-cone Ioffe-time distributions. These relations are necessary ...


Multidimensional, High Precision Measurements Of Beam Single Spin Asymmetries In Semi-Inclusive 𝜋⁺ Electroproduction Off Protons In The Valence Region, S. Diehl, A. Kim, G. Angelini, Moskov Amaryan, Dilini Bulumulla, Mohammad Hattawy, Florian Hauenstein, Charles E. Hyde, Mariana Khachatryan, Sebastian E. Kuhn, B. Yale, N. Zachariou, J. Zhang, Et. Al, Clas Collaboration Jan 2022

Multidimensional, High Precision Measurements Of Beam Single Spin Asymmetries In Semi-Inclusive 𝜋⁺ Electroproduction Off Protons In The Valence Region, S. Diehl, A. Kim, G. Angelini, Moskov Amaryan, Dilini Bulumulla, Mohammad Hattawy, Florian Hauenstein, Charles E. Hyde, Mariana Khachatryan, Sebastian E. Kuhn, B. Yale, N. Zachariou, J. Zhang, Et. Al, Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

High precision measurements of the polarized electron beam-spin asymmetry in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering (SIDIS) from the proton have been performed using a 10.6 GeV incident electron beam and the CLAS12 spectrometer at Jefferson Lab. We report here a high precision multidimensional study of single π+ SIDIS data over a large kinematic range in Bjorken x, fractional energy, and transverse momentum of the hadron as well as photon virtualities Q2 ranging from 1–7  GeV2. In particular, the structure function ratio FsinϕLU/FUU has been determined, where FsinϕLU is a twist-3 quantity ...


Beam-Spin Asymmetry Σ For Σ⁻ Hyperon Photoproduction Off The Neutron, N. Zachariou, E. Munevar, B. L. Berman, Moskov J. Amaryan, Dilini Bulumulla, G. Gavalian, Mohammad Hattawy, Pushpa Pandey, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, Et Al., Clas Collaboration Jan 2022

Beam-Spin Asymmetry Σ For Σ⁻ Hyperon Photoproduction Off The Neutron, N. Zachariou, E. Munevar, B. L. Berman, Moskov J. Amaryan, Dilini Bulumulla, G. Gavalian, Mohammad Hattawy, Pushpa Pandey, Y. Prok, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao, Et Al., Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

We report a new measurement of the beam-spin asymmetry, Σ, for the 𝛾n → K+Σ reaction using quasi-free neutrons in a liquid-deuterium target. The new dataset includes data at previously unmeasured photon energy and angular ranges, thereby providing new constraints on partial wave analyses used to extract properties of the excited nucleon states. The experimental data were obtained using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS), housed in Hall B of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab). The CLAS detector measured reaction products from a liquid-deuterium target produced by an energy-tagged, linearly polarised photon beam with energies in the range ...


Polarized Structure Function ΣLt' From 𝜋⁰P Electroproduction Data In The Resonance Region At 0.2 Gev² < Q² < 1.0 Gev², Clas Collaboration, E. L. Isupov, V. D. Burkert, A. A. Golubenko, Dilini Bulumulla, Mohammad Hattawy, Victoria Lagerquist, Jiwan Poudel, Yelena Prok, N. Zachariou, J. Zhang, V. Ziegler, Et Al. Jan 2022

Polarized Structure Function ΣLt' From 𝜋⁰P Electroproduction Data In The Resonance Region At 0.2 Gev² < Q² < 1.0 Gev², Clas Collaboration, E. L. Isupov, V. D. Burkert, A. A. Golubenko, Dilini Bulumulla, Mohammad Hattawy, Victoria Lagerquist, Jiwan Poudel, Yelena Prok, N. Zachariou, J. Zhang, V. Ziegler, Et Al.

Physics Faculty Publications

The first results on the σLT′ structure function in exclusive π0p electroproduction at invariant masses of the final state of 1.5GeV < W < 1.8 GeV and in the range of photon virtualities 0.4 GeV2 < Q2 < 1.0 GeV2 were obtained from data on beam spin asymmetries and differential cross sections measured with the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. The Legendre moments determined from the σLT′ structure function have demonstrated sensitivity to the contributions from the nucleon resonances in the second and third resonance regions. These new data on the beam spin asymmetries in π0p electroproduction extend the opportunities for the extraction of the nucleon resonance electro-excitation amplitudes ...


Influence Of Boreal Summer Intraseasonal Oscillation On Rainfall Extremes In The Philippines, Lyndon Mark P. Olaguera, John A. Manalo, Jun Matsumoto Dec 2021

Influence Of Boreal Summer Intraseasonal Oscillation On Rainfall Extremes In The Philippines, Lyndon Mark P. Olaguera, John A. Manalo, Jun Matsumoto

Physics Faculty Publications

This study investigates the impact of the northward/northwestward propagating 30–60-day mode of the boreal summer intraseasonal oscillation (BSISO) on the extreme rainfall events in the Philippines during the June–September (JJAS) season from 1979 to 2018. The Philippines domain is divided into the three latitudinal regions: Luzon region (13°–22°N), Visayas region (10°–13°N), and Mindanao region (5°–10°N) to account for the regional differences in the timing of extreme rainfall events. The probability density functions of JJAS rainfall are skewed towards higher values relative to the non-BSISO days in BSISO Phases 6–8, Phases ...


Improvised Centrifugal Spinning For The Production Of Polystyrene Microfibers From Waste Expanded Polystyrene Foam And Its Potential Application For Oil Adsorption, Marco Laurence M. Budlayan, Jonathan N. Patricio, Jeanne Phyre B. Lagare, Susan D. Arco, Arnold C. Alguno, Antonio M. Basilio, Felmer S. Latayada, Rey Y. Capangpangan Nov 2021

Improvised Centrifugal Spinning For The Production Of Polystyrene Microfibers From Waste Expanded Polystyrene Foam And Its Potential Application For Oil Adsorption, Marco Laurence M. Budlayan, Jonathan N. Patricio, Jeanne Phyre B. Lagare, Susan D. Arco, Arnold C. Alguno, Antonio M. Basilio, Felmer S. Latayada, Rey Y. Capangpangan

Physics Faculty Publications

A straightforward approach to recycle waste expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam to produce polystyrene (PS) microfibers using the improvised centrifugal spinning technique is demonstrated in this work. A typical benchtop centrifuge was improvised and used as a centrifugal spinning device. The obtained PS microfibers were characterized for their potential application for oil adsorption. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy results revealed similarity on the transmission bands of EPS foam and PS microfibers suggesting the preservation of the EPS foam’s chemical composition after the centrifugal spinning process. Scanning electron microscopy displayed well-defined fibers with an average diameter of 3.14 ± 0.59 μm ...


Particulate Oxalate-To-Sulfate Ratio As An Aqueous Processing Marker: Similarity Across Field Campaigns And Limitations, Miguel Ricardo A. Hilario, Ewan Crosbie, Paola Angela Bañaga, Grace Betito, Rachel A. Braun, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Andrea F. Corral, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Jackie E. Dibb, Genevieve Rose Lorenzo, Alexander B. Macdonald, Claire E. Robinson, Michael Shook, James Bernard Simpas, Connor Stahl, Edward Winstead, Luke Ziemba, Armin Sorooshian Oct 2021

Particulate Oxalate-To-Sulfate Ratio As An Aqueous Processing Marker: Similarity Across Field Campaigns And Limitations, Miguel Ricardo A. Hilario, Ewan Crosbie, Paola Angela Bañaga, Grace Betito, Rachel A. Braun, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Andrea F. Corral, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Jackie E. Dibb, Genevieve Rose Lorenzo, Alexander B. Macdonald, Claire E. Robinson, Michael Shook, James Bernard Simpas, Connor Stahl, Edward Winstead, Luke Ziemba, Armin Sorooshian

Physics Faculty Publications

Leveraging aerosol data from multiple airborne and surface-based field campaigns encompassing diverse environmental conditions, we calculate statistics of the oxalate-sulfate mass ratio (median: 0.0217; 95% confidence interval: 0.0154 – 0.0296; R = 0.76; N = 2948). Ground-based measurements of the oxalate-sulfate ratio fall within our 95% confidence interval, suggesting the range is robust within the mixed layer for the submicrometer particle size range. We demonstrate that dust and biomass burning emissions can separately bias this ratio towards higher values by at least one order of magnitude. In the absence of these confounding factors, the 95% confidence interval of the ...


Total Organic Carbon And The Contribution From Speciated Organics In Cloud Water: Airborne Data Analysis From The Camp2ex Field Campaign, Connor Stahl, Ewan Crosbie, Paola Angela Bañaga, Grace Betito, Rachel A. Braun, Zenn Marie Cainglet, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Julie Mae Dado, Miguel Ricardo Hilario, Gabrielle Leung, Alexander B. Macdonald, Angela Monina T. Magnaye, Jeffrey S. Reid, Claire E. Robinson, Michael Shook, James Bernard Simpas, Shane Marie Visaga, Edward Winstead, Luke Ziemba, Armin Sorooshian Sep 2021

Total Organic Carbon And The Contribution From Speciated Organics In Cloud Water: Airborne Data Analysis From The Camp2ex Field Campaign, Connor Stahl, Ewan Crosbie, Paola Angela Bañaga, Grace Betito, Rachel A. Braun, Zenn Marie Cainglet, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Julie Mae Dado, Miguel Ricardo Hilario, Gabrielle Leung, Alexander B. Macdonald, Angela Monina T. Magnaye, Jeffrey S. Reid, Claire E. Robinson, Michael Shook, James Bernard Simpas, Shane Marie Visaga, Edward Winstead, Luke Ziemba, Armin Sorooshian

Physics Faculty Publications

This work focuses on total organic carbon (TOC) and contributing species in cloud water over Southeast Asia using a rare airborne dataset collected during NASA’s Cloud, Aerosol and Monsoon Processes Philippines Experiment (CAMP2Ex), in which a wide variety of maritime clouds were studied, including cumulus congestus, altocumulus, altostratus, and cumulus. Knowledge of TOC masses and their contributing species is needed for improved modeling of cloud processing of organics and to understand how aerosols and gases impact and are impacted by clouds. This work relies on 159 samples collected with an axial cyclone cloudwater collector at altitudes of 0.2 ...


Publication-Driven Research Experience For Undergraduates (Reu) Program In Optics And Photonics In The Philippines Using Circuit Analogue-Based Research Experiments, Benjamin Dingel, Clint Dominic Bennett Sep 2021

Publication-Driven Research Experience For Undergraduates (Reu) Program In Optics And Photonics In The Philippines Using Circuit Analogue-Based Research Experiments, Benjamin Dingel, Clint Dominic Bennett

Physics Faculty Publications

We summarize a unique publication-driven Research Experience for Undergraduates program in optics/photonics that uses electronic circuit analogue-based research to strengthen students’ engagement in research. At present, we have published 4 journal and conference papers.


Synoptic Conditions And Potential Causes Of The Extreme Heavy Rainfall Event Of January 2009 Over Mindanao Island, Philippines, Lyndon Mark P. Olaguera, Michelle Español Caballar, Joseph Cabacungan De Mata, Loida Ann Torres Dagami, Jun Matsumoto, Hisayuki Kubota Jul 2021

Synoptic Conditions And Potential Causes Of The Extreme Heavy Rainfall Event Of January 2009 Over Mindanao Island, Philippines, Lyndon Mark P. Olaguera, Michelle Español Caballar, Joseph Cabacungan De Mata, Loida Ann Torres Dagami, Jun Matsumoto, Hisayuki Kubota

Physics Faculty Publications

This study investigates the synoptic conditions that led to the heavy rainfall/flood (HRF) event in Mindanao Island, Philippines (122 −127°E; 5 −10°N), on January 2009 (JAN2009 HRF) that are less emphasized in previous works. Extensive flooding was reported over Cagayan de Oro City in the northern part of Mindanao, where the rainfall on January 10, 11, and 13, 2009, exceeded the 99th percentile of daily rainfall records of all January of the city from 1979 to 2017 by almost two times. A similar exceedance was also felt in Hinatuan station over the eastern coast of Mindanao Island ...


Examining The Temperature Dependence Of Louche Formation In Absinthe, Jessica E. Bickel, Anna Ellis, Andrew Resnick Jul 2021

Examining The Temperature Dependence Of Louche Formation In Absinthe, Jessica E. Bickel, Anna Ellis, Andrew Resnick

Physics Faculty Publications

Absinthe is an anise-flavored alcohol that is typically served by adding cold water to form a cloudy green louche, similar to the cloudy white louche of ouzo. This microemulsion formation, due to the competing interactions within the oil-alcohol-water system, has been termed the ouzo effect. Previous work has examined the ternary oil-alcohol-water phase diagram in ouzo and limoncello. Additional work has also characterized the droplet size and stability of microemulsions in ouzo, limoncello, and pastis. However, less work has been done to examine the effect of temperature on louche formation despite the fact that the louche is traditionally formed by ...


The Effect Of Urbanization On Temperature Indices In The Philippines, John A. Manalo, Jun Matsumoto, Hiroshi G. Takahashi, Marcelino Q. Villafuerte Ii, Lyndon Mark P. Olaguera, Guoyu Ren, Thelma Cinco Jun 2021

The Effect Of Urbanization On Temperature Indices In The Philippines, John A. Manalo, Jun Matsumoto, Hiroshi G. Takahashi, Marcelino Q. Villafuerte Ii, Lyndon Mark P. Olaguera, Guoyu Ren, Thelma Cinco

Physics Faculty Publications

This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the effect of urbanization on the surface air temperature (SAT) from 1951 to 2018 in the Philippines. The daily minimum temperature (Tmin) and daily maximum temperature (Tmax) records from 34 meteorological stations were used to derive extreme temperature indices. These stations were then classified as urban or rural based on satellite night-lights. The results showed a significant difference in the SAT trends between urban and rural stations, indicative of the effect of urbanization in the country. Larger and more significant warming trends were observed in indices related to Tmin than ...


Effects Of Surface And Top Wind Shear On The Spatial Organization Of Marine Stratocumulus-Topped Boundary Layers, Monica Zamora Zapata, Thijs Heus, Jan Kleissl Jun 2021

Effects Of Surface And Top Wind Shear On The Spatial Organization Of Marine Stratocumulus-Topped Boundary Layers, Monica Zamora Zapata, Thijs Heus, Jan Kleissl

Physics Faculty Publications

The convective nature of Stratocumulus topped boundary layers (STBL) involves the motion of updrafts and downdrafts, driven by surface fluxes and radiative cooling, respectively. The balance between shear and buoyant forcings at the surface can determine the organization of updrafts between cellular and roll structures. We investigate the effect of varying shear at the surface and top of the STBL using Large Eddy Simulations, taking DYCOMS II RF01 as a base case. We focus on spatial identification of the following features: coherent updrafts and downdrafts, and observe how they are affected by varying shear. Stronger surface shear organizes the updrafts ...


Measurement Report: Firework Impacts On Air Quality In Metro Manila, Philippines, During The 2019 New Year Revelry, Genevieve Rose Lorenzo, Paola Angela Bañaga, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Mojtaba Azadi Aghdam, Avelino Arellano, Grace Betito, Rachel A. Braun, Andrea F. Corral, Hossein Dadashazar, Eva-Lou Edwards, Edwin Eloranta, Robert Holz, Gabrielle Leung, Lin Ma, Alexander B. Macdonald, Jeffrey S. Reid, James Bernard Simpas, Connor Stahl, Shane Marie Visaga, Armin Sorooshian Apr 2021

Measurement Report: Firework Impacts On Air Quality In Metro Manila, Philippines, During The 2019 New Year Revelry, Genevieve Rose Lorenzo, Paola Angela Bañaga, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, Melliza Templonuevo Cruz, Mojtaba Azadi Aghdam, Avelino Arellano, Grace Betito, Rachel A. Braun, Andrea F. Corral, Hossein Dadashazar, Eva-Lou Edwards, Edwin Eloranta, Robert Holz, Gabrielle Leung, Lin Ma, Alexander B. Macdonald, Jeffrey S. Reid, James Bernard Simpas, Connor Stahl, Shane Marie Visaga, Armin Sorooshian

Physics Faculty Publications

Fireworks degrade air quality, reduce visibility, alter atmospheric chemistry, and cause short-term adverse health effects. However, there have not been any comprehensive physicochemical and optical measurements of fireworks and their associated impacts in a Southeast Asia megacity, where fireworks are a regular part of the culture. Size-resolved particulate matter (PM) measurements were made before, during, and after New Year 2019 at the Manila Observatory in Quezon City, Philippines, as part of the Cloud, Aerosol, and Monsoon Processes Philippines Experiment (CAMP2Ex). A high-spectral-resolution lidar (HSRL) recorded a substantial increase in backscattered signal associated with high aerosol loading ∼440 m above the ...


Measurement Report: Long-Range Transport Patterns Into The Tropical Northwest Pacific During The Camp2ex Aircraft Campaign: Chemical Composition, Size Distributions, And The Impact Of Convection, Miguel Ricardo A. Hilario, Ewan Crosbie, Michael Shook, Jeffrey S. Reid, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, James Bernard Simpas, Luke Ziemba, Joshua P. Digangi, Glenn S. Diskin, Phu Nguyen, F. Joseph Turk, Edward Winstead, Claire E. Robinson, Jian Wang, Jiaoshi Zhang, Yang Wang, Subin Yoon, James Flynn, Sergio L. Alvarez, Ali Behrangi, Armin Sorooshian Mar 2021

Measurement Report: Long-Range Transport Patterns Into The Tropical Northwest Pacific During The Camp2ex Aircraft Campaign: Chemical Composition, Size Distributions, And The Impact Of Convection, Miguel Ricardo A. Hilario, Ewan Crosbie, Michael Shook, Jeffrey S. Reid, Maria Obiminda L. Cambaliza, James Bernard Simpas, Luke Ziemba, Joshua P. Digangi, Glenn S. Diskin, Phu Nguyen, F. Joseph Turk, Edward Winstead, Claire E. Robinson, Jian Wang, Jiaoshi Zhang, Yang Wang, Subin Yoon, James Flynn, Sergio L. Alvarez, Ali Behrangi, Armin Sorooshian

Physics Faculty Publications

The tropical Northwest Pacific (TNWP) is a receptor for pollution sources throughout Asia and is highly susceptible to climate change, making it imperative to understand long-range transport in this complex aerosol-meteorological environment. Measurements from the NASA Cloud, Aerosol, and Monsoon Processes Philippines Experiment (CAMP2Ex; 24 August to 5 October 2019) and back trajectories from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory Model (HYSPLIT) were used to examine transport into the TNWP from the Maritime Continent (MC), peninsular Southeast Asia (PSEA), East Asia (EA), and the West Pacific (WP). A mid-campaign monsoon shift on 20 September ...