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2013

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Articles 1 - 30 of 11357

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Novel Splenic Antigen-Presenting Cells Derive From A Lin-C-Kitlo Progenitor, Pravin Periasamy, Jonathan Tan, Helen O'Neill Aug 2015

Novel Splenic Antigen-Presenting Cells Derive From A Lin-C-Kitlo Progenitor, Pravin Periasamy, Jonathan Tan, Helen O'Neill

Helen O'Neill

No abstract provided.


Adjuvant Concurrent Chemoradiation Using Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy And Simultaneous Integrated Boost For Resected High-Risk Adenocarcinoma Of The Distal Esophagus And Gastro-Esophageal Junction., Brian Yaremko, David Palma, Abigail Erickson, Gregory Pierce, Richard Malthaner, Richard Inculet, Rashid Dar, George Rodrigues, Edward Yu Jul 2015

Adjuvant Concurrent Chemoradiation Using Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy And Simultaneous Integrated Boost For Resected High-Risk Adenocarcinoma Of The Distal Esophagus And Gastro-Esophageal Junction., Brian Yaremko, David Palma, Abigail Erickson, Gregory Pierce, Richard Malthaner, Richard Inculet, Rashid Dar, George Rodrigues, Edward Yu

Richard A. Malthaner

Purpose: Multimodality therapy leads to improved outcomes for adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) over surgery alone. At our institution, adjuvant chemoradiation (chemoRT) using IMRT and SIB is standard of care for resected high-risk disease. In this study, we review our experience with a recent cohort of patients treated in this manner. Methods and materials: We identified 18 patients with resected T3 and/or N1 adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and GEJ who received adjuvant chemoRT. A large elective volume (PTV1) and a smaller high-risk volume (PTV2) were irradiated simultaneously using IMRT and an SIB technique. All patients …


Adjuvant Concurrent Chemoradiation Using Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy And Simultaneous Integrated Boost For Resected High-Risk Adenocarcinoma Of The Distal Esophagus And Gastro-Esophageal Junction., Brian Yaremko, David Palma, Abigail Erickson, Gregory Pierce, Richard Malthaner, Richard Inculet, Rashid Dar, George Rodrigues, Edward Yu Jul 2015

Adjuvant Concurrent Chemoradiation Using Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy And Simultaneous Integrated Boost For Resected High-Risk Adenocarcinoma Of The Distal Esophagus And Gastro-Esophageal Junction., Brian Yaremko, David Palma, Abigail Erickson, Gregory Pierce, Richard Malthaner, Richard Inculet, Rashid Dar, George Rodrigues, Edward Yu

Richard A. Malthaner

Purpose: Multimodality therapy leads to improved outcomes for adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) over surgery alone. At our institution, adjuvant chemoradiation (chemoRT) using IMRT and SIB is standard of care for resected high-risk disease. In this study, we review our experience with a recent cohort of patients treated in this manner. Methods and materials: We identified 18 patients with resected T3 and/or N1 adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and GEJ who received adjuvant chemoRT. A large elective volume (PTV1) and a smaller high-risk volume (PTV2) were irradiated simultaneously using IMRT and an SIB technique. All patients …


Cultural Immersion – What Impact Does It Have?, Janie Smith, S Springer, B Murphy, C Wolfe, J Togno, Katrina Bramstedt, Sally Sargeant Apr 2015

Cultural Immersion – What Impact Does It Have?, Janie Smith, S Springer, B Murphy, C Wolfe, J Togno, Katrina Bramstedt, Sally Sargeant

Sally Sargeant

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Medical Students’ Learning Outcomes In Australia : Current Practice, Future Possibilities, David Wilkinson, Benedict Canny, Jacob Pearce, Hamish Coates, Daniel Edwards Feb 2015

Assessment Of Medical Students’ Learning Outcomes In Australia : Current Practice, Future Possibilities, David Wilkinson, Benedict Canny, Jacob Pearce, Hamish Coates, Daniel Edwards

Dr Jacob Pearce

All 19 medical schools in Australia examine and assess the performance of their students, but do so largely in isolation from each other. That is, most schools design, develop and deliver their own exams, against their own curriculum and standards, and students pass, fail and are graded with little external moderation or comparison. Accreditation of schools by the Australian Medical Council (AMC) provides some reassurance that assessment practices are appropriate in medical schools. However, very limited data are available for benchmarking performance against any national standard, or between medical schools in Australia. The Australian Medical Assessment Collaboration has been designed …


Same Admissions Tools, Different Outcomes : A Critical Perspective On Predictive Validity In Three Undergraduate Medical Schools, Daniel Edwards, Tim Friedman, Jacob Pearce Feb 2015

Same Admissions Tools, Different Outcomes : A Critical Perspective On Predictive Validity In Three Undergraduate Medical Schools, Daniel Edwards, Tim Friedman, Jacob Pearce

Dr Jacob Pearce

Admission to medical school is one of the most highly competitive entry points in higher education. Considerable investment is made by universities to develop selection processes that aim to identify the most appropriate candidates for their medical programs. This paper explores data from three undergraduate medical schools to offer a critical perspective of predictive validity in medical admissions. This study examined 650 undergraduate medical students from three Australian universities as they progressed through the initial years of medical school (accounting for approximately 25 per cent of all commencing undergraduate medical students in Australia in 2006 and 2007). Admissions criteria (aptitude …


Same Admissions Tools, Different Outcomes : A Critical Perspective On Predictive Validity In Three Undergraduate Medical Schools, Daniel Edwards, Tim Friedman, Jacob Pearce Jan 2014

Same Admissions Tools, Different Outcomes : A Critical Perspective On Predictive Validity In Three Undergraduate Medical Schools, Daniel Edwards, Tim Friedman, Jacob Pearce

Dr Tim Friedman

Admission to medical school is one of the most highly competitive entry points in higher education. Considerable investment is made by universities to develop selection processes that aim to identify the most appropriate candidates for their medical programs. This paper explores data from three undergraduate medical schools to offer a critical perspective of predictive validity in medical admissions. This study examined 650 undergraduate medical students from three Australian universities as they progressed through the initial years of medical school (accounting for approximately 25 per cent of all commencing undergraduate medical students in Australia in 2006 and 2007). Admissions criteria (aptitude …


Black Hispanic And Black Nonhispanic Breast Cancer Survival Data Analysis With Half-Normal Model Application, Hafiz Mohammad Rafiqullah Khan, Anshul Saxena, Veronica Vera, Faheema Abdool-Ghany, Kemesha Gabbidon, Nancy Perea Perea, Ts Stewart, Venkataraghavan Ramamoorthy Ramamoorthy Dec 2013

Black Hispanic And Black Nonhispanic Breast Cancer Survival Data Analysis With Half-Normal Model Application, Hafiz Mohammad Rafiqullah Khan, Anshul Saxena, Veronica Vera, Faheema Abdool-Ghany, Kemesha Gabbidon, Nancy Perea Perea, Ts Stewart, Venkataraghavan Ramamoorthy Ramamoorthy

USF St. Petersburg campus Faculty Publications

Background: Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death for women in the United States. Differences in survival of breast cancer have been noted among racial and ethnic groups, but the reasons for these disparities remain unclear. This study presents the characteristics and the survival curve of two racial and ethnic groups and evaluates the effects of race on survival times by measuring the lifetime data-based half-normal model. Materials and Methods: The distributions among racial and ethnic groups are compared using female breast cancer patients from nine states in the country all taken from the National Cancer Institute’s …


Cocaine Enhances Hiv-1 Infectivity In Monocyte Derived Dendritic Cells By Suppressing Microrna-155, Jessica Napuri, Sudheesh Pilakka-Kanthikeel, Andrea Raymond, Marisela Agudelo, Adriana Yndart-Arias, Madhavan Nair, Shailendra K. Saxena Dec 2013

Cocaine Enhances Hiv-1 Infectivity In Monocyte Derived Dendritic Cells By Suppressing Microrna-155, Jessica Napuri, Sudheesh Pilakka-Kanthikeel, Andrea Raymond, Marisela Agudelo, Adriana Yndart-Arias, Madhavan Nair, Shailendra K. Saxena

HWCOM Faculty Publications

Cocaine and other drugs of abuse increase HIV-induced immunopathogenesis; and neurobiological mechanisms of cocaine addiction implicate a key role for microRNAs (miRNAs), single-stranded non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression and defend against viruses. In fact, HIV defends against miRNAs by actively suppressing the expression of polycistronic miRNA cluster miRNA-17/92, which encodes miRNAs including miR-20a. IFN-g production by natural killer cells is regulated by miR-155 and this miRNA is also critical to dendritic cell (DC) maturation. However, the impact of cocaine on miR-155 expression and subsequent HIV replication is unknown. We examined the impact of cocaine on two miRNAs, miR-20a and …


It’S Playoff Time – And A Reminder That Brain Health Comes First, Kenneth P. Serbin Dec 2013

It’S Playoff Time – And A Reminder That Brain Health Comes First, Kenneth P. Serbin

At Risk for Huntington's Disease

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Nesting Environment On Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Injury, Laura Grace Rollins Dec 2013

The Effects Of Nesting Environment On Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Injury, Laura Grace Rollins

Graduate Masters Theses

Term neonates with hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury are at risk for devastating neurological sequelae. The objective of this study is to determine if altering the early environment for maternal care-taking impacts the immediate and long-term sequelae of HI offspring. The Rice-Vannucci model was used to induce HI in postnatal day (PND) 7 Long-Evans pups. Litters were assigned to a closed nest (CN) or normal standard housing (SH) condition. Neurobehavioral development, cognitive ability, and stress response were assessed to establish any benefits of the CN condition. Finally, postmortem brain tissue was analyzed for morphometric markers of injury.


Obesity Reduces Left Ventricular Strains, Torsion, And Synchrony In Mouse Models: A Cine Displacement Encoding With Stimulated Echoes (Dense) Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Study, Sage P. Kramer, David K. Powell, Christopher M. Haggerty, Cassi M. Binkley, Andrea C. Mattingly, Lisa A. Cassis, Frederick H. Epstein, Brandon K. Fornwalt Dec 2013

Obesity Reduces Left Ventricular Strains, Torsion, And Synchrony In Mouse Models: A Cine Displacement Encoding With Stimulated Echoes (Dense) Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Study, Sage P. Kramer, David K. Powell, Christopher M. Haggerty, Cassi M. Binkley, Andrea C. Mattingly, Lisa A. Cassis, Frederick H. Epstein, Brandon K. Fornwalt

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Obesity affects a third of adults in the US and results in an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. While the mechanisms underlying this increased risk are not well understood, animal models of obesity have shown direct effects on the heart such as steatosis and fibrosis, which may affect cardiac function. However, the effect of obesity on cardiac function in animal models is not well-defined. We hypothesized that diet-induced obesity in mice reduces strain, torsion, and synchrony in the left ventricle (LV).

METHODS: Ten 12-week-old C57BL/6 J mice were randomized to a high-fat or low-fat diet. After 5 months on …


Effect Of Arm Spasticity Grade On Blood Pressure Measurement, Chia-Min Lin, Huei-Yu Lo, Wai-Keung Lee, Meng-Tai Chen Dec 2013

Effect Of Arm Spasticity Grade On Blood Pressure Measurement, Chia-Min Lin, Huei-Yu Lo, Wai-Keung Lee, Meng-Tai Chen

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Objective: The arm spasticity in patients with stroke has been proved to affect blood pressure measurement. However, earlier studies showed inconsistent results of how the spasticity affected the measurement of blood pressure. In some cases, measurement of blood pressure in patients' involved arm is necessary, so the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of spasticity grade on blood pressure measurement in patients with stroke.Methods: We recruited 50 patients with hemiplegia or hemiparesis after stroke. The grade of arm spasticity was assessed using the modified Ashworth scale (MAS), while the bilateral brachial artery pressure was measured using an …


Investigating The Core Competencies For Rehabilitation-Related Therapists In Three Hospitals Belonging To A Medical Association In Southern Taiwan, Hing-Man Wu, Kuo-Shu Yuan, Daniel Chiung-Jui Su, Willy Chou Dec 2013

Investigating The Core Competencies For Rehabilitation-Related Therapists In Three Hospitals Belonging To A Medical Association In Southern Taiwan, Hing-Man Wu, Kuo-Shu Yuan, Daniel Chiung-Jui Su, Willy Chou

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Objectives: Few studies have focused on job competency among medical-technical staff in hospitals. This study investigated the core competencies for a professional job among rehabilitation-related therapists, and examined how these competencies are applied to human resource management in hospitals, including recruitment, selection, placement, development, and promotion. Methods: A total of 113 rehabilitation-related therapists (comprising 67 physical therapists, 34 occupational therapists, and 12 speech therapists) from 3 hospitals belonging to a medical association in Southern Taiwan participated in the study. A test of competency using the "Nine Competencies Star" system developed by 1111 Job Bank was administered to the participants. The …


Exploring The Possible Effects Of Mountaineering Activities On Sports Injuries, Body Composition And Thigh Muscle Function, Yi-Ting Fang, Chen-Liang Chou, Yi-Cheng Chen, Hong-Jen Chiou, Jin-Jong Chen, Hsuci-Chen Lee, Yi-Fen Shih Dec 2013

Exploring The Possible Effects Of Mountaineering Activities On Sports Injuries, Body Composition And Thigh Muscle Function, Yi-Ting Fang, Chen-Liang Chou, Yi-Cheng Chen, Hong-Jen Chiou, Jin-Jong Chen, Hsuci-Chen Lee, Yi-Fen Shih

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Background: Mountaineering and hiking have become popular activities recently, but related research in Taiwan has focused mainly on physiological reactions, much more than on the musculoskeletal system. However, the results of studies from abroad cannot be directly transferred because of the unique mountain and forest environment in Taiwan. In addition, chronic mountaineering injuries and derivative benefits in terms of specific physical performances still await further study. Therefore, it is important to investigate the possible relationship between mountaineering activities and musculoskeletal or knee function changes. Purpose: This study seeks to compare the differences in sports injuries, body composition and thigh muscle …


The Relationship Between Heart Rate Turning Point And Anaerobic Threshold In Patients With Cardiopulmonary Diseases, Yi-Tien Su, Su-Ying Hung, Chen-Liang Chou Dec 2013

The Relationship Between Heart Rate Turning Point And Anaerobic Threshold In Patients With Cardiopulmonary Diseases, Yi-Tien Su, Su-Ying Hung, Chen-Liang Chou

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Background: Exercise training is an efficient way to improve physical performance. Training at an intensity of a certain level of the anaerobic threshold (AT) is a successful and frequently adopted method to increase both maximal and submaximal exercise capacity. Several methods are currently used to detect the AT. Analysis of the respiratory gas exchange allows identification of the AT and is currently advocated as the "gold standard". The heart rate turning point (HRTP) is a downward or upward change from the linear HR work relationship evidenced during incremental exercise testing and has been reported to coincide with AT. Purpose: The …


Joint Effect Of Multiple Common Snps Predicts Melanoma Susceptibility, Shenying Fang, Jiali Han, Mingfeng Zhang, Li-E Wang, Qingyi Wei, Christopher I. Amos, Jeffrey E. Lee Dec 2013

Joint Effect Of Multiple Common Snps Predicts Melanoma Susceptibility, Shenying Fang, Jiali Han, Mingfeng Zhang, Li-E Wang, Qingyi Wei, Christopher I. Amos, Jeffrey E. Lee

Dartmouth Scholarship

Single genetic variants discovered so far have been only weakly associated with melanoma. This study aims to use multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) jointly to obtain a larger genetic effect and to improve the predictive value of a conventional phenotypic model. We analyzed 11 SNPs that were associated with melanoma risk in previous studies and were genotyped in MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) and Harvard Medical School investigations. Participants with ≥15 risk alleles were 5-fold more likely to have melanoma compared to those carrying ≤6. Compared to a model using the most significant single variant rs12913832, the increase in predictive …


Lower Extremity Prostheses Related Biomechanics, Valeria Chiu, Ming-Chuan Lin Dec 2013

Lower Extremity Prostheses Related Biomechanics, Valeria Chiu, Ming-Chuan Lin

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

During heel strike, a prosthetic foot must perform ground-reaction force shock absorption, and thereafter, must provide control of the smooth-rhythm plantar flexion movement. During the midstance phase, the foot must provide the controlled advancement of the tibia. During the terminal stance, the anterior part of the foot must act as a hard rocker to provide progression and roll over the toe and to allow center of gravity switching to the opposite site as the tibia advances. The biomechanics of the four-bar linkage knee simulates the motion of the actual human knee joint. It can be discussed by analyzed by five …


Efficacy Of Echo-Guided Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy For Calcific Supraspinatus Tendinopathy: A Case Series Study, Ju-Wen Cheng, Wen-Chung Tsai, Chien-Hung Chen, Chien-Hung Chen Dec 2013

Efficacy Of Echo-Guided Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy For Calcific Supraspinatus Tendinopathy: A Case Series Study, Ju-Wen Cheng, Wen-Chung Tsai, Chien-Hung Chen, Chien-Hung Chen

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Approximately 50% of patients with calcific tendinitis of the rotator cuff experience shoulder pain. Shock wave therapy is a non-invasive alternative treatment that is effective in pain relief, function restoration, and deposit resorption. In our study, we used ultrasonography-guided shock wave therapy for the targeted treatment of calcific supraspinatus tendinopathy.We retrospectively assessed 9 patients (8 women, 1 man; age 33-57 years) who had received echo-guided extracorporeal shock wave therapy for calcific supraspinatus tendinopathy from 2006 to 2012. Pain measured by the numerical rating scale (NRS) was compared before and after therapy. The length and width of the calcification spot on …


Minimal Detectable Change And Responsiveness Of The 5-Item Barthel Index In Patients With Stroke, Wen-Shian Lu, Ya-Chen Lee, Fuh-Chour Twu, Ching-Lin Hsieh Dec 2013

Minimal Detectable Change And Responsiveness Of The 5-Item Barthel Index In Patients With Stroke, Wen-Shian Lu, Ya-Chen Lee, Fuh-Chour Twu, Ching-Lin Hsieh

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Background and Purpose: A concise measurement tool can be easily accepted by clinicians. The 5-item Barthel Index (BI-5) has only 5 items and thus the potential to be used routinely in clinical settings. However, the minimal detectable change (MDC) and responsiveness of the BI-5 have not been verified sufficiently, limiting the interpretability of the change scores of the BI-5. The purposes of this study were to investigate the MDC and responsiveness of the BI-5 in patients with stroke and to compare the MDC and responsiveness of the BI-5 to those of the original BI.Methods: This study used secondary data analysis. …


Research News: 2013, University Of Mississippi. School Of Pharmacy Dec 2013

Research News: 2013, University Of Mississippi. School Of Pharmacy

Research News: Grants and Publications (2000-2014)

Grants and contracts recently awarded


Kneeling Leg Curl With Internal Rotation Training Improves Agility In Patients With Anterior-Posterior Laxity Of Knee, Chih-Kuan Wu, Shu-Chun Huang, Kuan-Chou Chen, Cheng-Hsiu Lai, Chia-Hua Kuo, Shih-Wei Chou Dec 2013

Kneeling Leg Curl With Internal Rotation Training Improves Agility In Patients With Anterior-Posterior Laxity Of Knee, Chih-Kuan Wu, Shu-Chun Huang, Kuan-Chou Chen, Cheng-Hsiu Lai, Chia-Hua Kuo, Shih-Wei Chou

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Objective: Whether strengthening exercises emphasizing on internal rotators of the knee are more effective in improving shuttle-run agility of the knees with anterior-posterior laxity (AP laxity). Methods: Twenty men with AP laxity of knee were randomly assigned to the three experimental groups in different strengthening modes: plate-loaded squat press (SP), plate-loaded kneeling leg curl with internal rotation (KLCIR), and kneeling leg curl (KLC). Control group with stable knees received no training. Anterior-posterior laxity, shuttle-run agility, and isokinetic strength were evaluated before and after training. Results: Those with AP laxity of knee have poorer performance in the shuttle run test than …


The Effect Of Health Promotion With Physical Therapy And Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid For Knee Osteoarthritis, Chen-Liang Chou, Wen-Hsu Sung, Fu-Wei Liu, Hsuci-Chen Lee, Li-Lung Haung, Jin-Jong Chen Dec 2013

The Effect Of Health Promotion With Physical Therapy And Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid For Knee Osteoarthritis, Chen-Liang Chou, Wen-Hsu Sung, Fu-Wei Liu, Hsuci-Chen Lee, Li-Lung Haung, Jin-Jong Chen

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Purpose: Knee osteoarthritis (knee OA) is a common chronic disease that affects elderly. Intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (IAHA) and physical therapy for knee OA have been shown to have clinical benefits in randomized, clinical trials separately. However, it is generally accepted that optimal management of knee OA requires a combination of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment. Currently, few studies have directly evaluated the benefits of combining the 2 treatments for knee OA. The purpose of this study explored the efficacy of interventions in patients with knee osteoarthritis through combined IAHA and physical therapy. This study investigated the potential benefit of …


The Treatment Of Pain With Heel Fat Pad Syndrome By Hyaluronic Acid Injection: A Casereport, Wei-Han Chang, Chih-Kuan Wu, Yu-Cheng Pei, Chih-Chi Chen, Alice Mk Wong Dec 2013

The Treatment Of Pain With Heel Fat Pad Syndrome By Hyaluronic Acid Injection: A Casereport, Wei-Han Chang, Chih-Kuan Wu, Yu-Cheng Pei, Chih-Chi Chen, Alice Mk Wong

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Plantar fasciitis and heel fat pad syndrome are two of the most common causes of plantar heel pain. Because the clinical symptoms and signs are similar, the differential diagnosis between plantar fasciitis and heel fat pad syndrome is important for proper treatment. Unfortunately, conservative treatment strategies are less effective for plantar heel pain caused by heel fat pad syndrome. We present here a 56-year-old male patient with bilateral plantar heel pain that was especially severe in the left foot. We gave him an injection of 2 ml high-concentration, cross-linked hyaluronic acid into the deep derma of the painful heel pad …


Evaluation Of Pediatric Subjects With Swallowing Disorder Part I: Physiology And Pathology, Luh Karunia Wahyuni, Chan-Wei Lin, Tyng-Guey Wang Dec 2013

Evaluation Of Pediatric Subjects With Swallowing Disorder Part I: Physiology And Pathology, Luh Karunia Wahyuni, Chan-Wei Lin, Tyng-Guey Wang

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Feeding and swallowing disorders are important issues in a pediatric population, which may lead to malnutrition, dehydration, or increased risk of pulmonary complications. Pediatric dysphagia is more complex than adult dysphagia in some aspects because it includes developmental progress in anatomical structures and physiological functions. To manage pediatric feeding and swallowing disorders, comprehensive knowledge regarding the development of normal swallowing and of the pathologies of common diseases related to pediatric dysphagia are necessary. In this article, we will reviewarticle the pediatric swallowing structures and physiology, and address the feeding and swallowing problems in common pediatric diseases, including cerebral palsy, cleft …


Evaluation Of Pediatric Subjects With Swallowing Disorder Part Ii, Luh Karunia Wahyuni, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Hsing-Kuo Wang, Tyng-Guey Wang Dec 2013

Evaluation Of Pediatric Subjects With Swallowing Disorder Part Ii, Luh Karunia Wahyuni, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Hsing-Kuo Wang, Tyng-Guey Wang

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

The characteristics of pediatric swallowing, anatomical differences between pediatrics and adults, and swallowing problems in common pediatric diseases had been introduced in Part 1 of the article. The common methods for evaluation of pediatric swallowing are discussed in this part. The evaluation of swallowing function in pediatric patients is a great clinical challenge. It requires a team approach, an integration of multiple disciplines, and instrumental evaluations for establishing a diagnosis and developing an appropriate management plan. This article provides an introduction of the vital concept of clinical bedside evaluation and instrumental evaluation including the videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS), fibroptic endoscopic …


Cardiac Rehabilitation After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Or Heart Valve Replacement Surgery-Experience Of A Medical Center, Ding-Hao Liu, Yi-Cheng Chen, Su-Ying Hung, Chen-Liang Chou Dec 2013

Cardiac Rehabilitation After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Or Heart Valve Replacement Surgery-Experience Of A Medical Center, Ding-Hao Liu, Yi-Cheng Chen, Su-Ying Hung, Chen-Liang Chou

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Background and Purpose: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a long-term program that includes exercise prescription, education, and counseling on the limitation of physiological and psychological effects of cardiac disease and to enhance the psychosocial and vocational status of selected patients. In spite of CR being approved for patients who have experienced the consequences of coronary artery disease and for those who have had heart valve surgery, CR is widely underused. The aim of this study was to research the current status of CR for patients receiving coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or heart valve replacement (HVR) in a medical center in …


Medical Utilization Among Patients With Cerebral Palsy, Ching-Yi Chen, Ching-Chun Lin, Jiunn-Horng Kang Dec 2013

Medical Utilization Among Patients With Cerebral Palsy, Ching-Yi Chen, Ching-Chun Lin, Jiunn-Horng Kang

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

This study aimed to investigate the differences of medical utilization between patients with cerebral palsy (CP) and patients without using a population-based database in Taiwan. Data on the sampled subjects and their medical utilization were retrieved from the "Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID2000)". This study comprised of 2317 patients with CP and 6961 comparison subjects. Medical utilization was evaluated in the one-year follow-up period as follows: number of outpatient visits and inpatient days, and the mean costs of outpatient and inpatient treatment. A multivariate regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between CP and total costs of health care …


Xenograft Tumors Vascularized With Murine Blood Vessels May Overestimate The Effect Of Anti-Tumor Drugs: A Pilot Study, Zhihong Dong, Atsushi Imai, Sudha Krishnamurthy, Zhaocheng Zhang, Benjamin David Zeitlin, Jacques E. Nör Dec 2013

Xenograft Tumors Vascularized With Murine Blood Vessels May Overestimate The Effect Of Anti-Tumor Drugs: A Pilot Study, Zhihong Dong, Atsushi Imai, Sudha Krishnamurthy, Zhaocheng Zhang, Benjamin David Zeitlin, Jacques E. Nör

All Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

Recent evidence demonstrated that endothelial cells initiate signaling events that enhance tumor cell survival, proliferation, invasion, and tumor recurrence. Under this new paradigm for cellular crosstalk within the tumor microenvironment, the origin of endothelial cells and tumor cells may have a direct impact on the pathobiology of cancer. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of endothelial cell species (i.e. murine or human) on xenograft tumor growth and response to therapy. Tumor xenografts vascularized either with human or with murine microvascular endothelial cells were engineered, side-by-side, subcutaneously in the dorsum of immunodefficient mice. When tumors reached …


Early Physical Therapy Intervention For A Child With Williams-Beuren's Syndrome And Presenting With Icf Model For Individual Activity And Participation: A Casereport, Shin-Mei Liu, Feng-Yin Lien, Shin-Tsu Chang, Heng-Yi Chu Dec 2013

Early Physical Therapy Intervention For A Child With Williams-Beuren's Syndrome And Presenting With Icf Model For Individual Activity And Participation: A Casereport, Shin-Mei Liu, Feng-Yin Lien, Shin-Tsu Chang, Heng-Yi Chu

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Williams-Beuren's syndrome (W-B syndrome) is one of the genetic diseases, often comes with cardiovascular disease, abnormality of facial and teeth structure, poor motor control, delayed development of cognition and spatial sense. Here we present one child with W-B syndrome who underwent early intervention since she was 7 months old. After 20-month training, the child has made impressive progress in motor function and abilities of carrying ADL. Furthermore, by giving the parents instructions and guidelines for home programs, the relationship between the child and her parents also improved a lot. As the matter of fact, this casereport showed that the early …