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2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 2903

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Tobacco Control: Are We Appropriately Training Future Health Professionals, Francisco Soto Mas, Chiehwen Hsu Jan 2012

Tobacco Control: Are We Appropriately Training Future Health Professionals, Francisco Soto Mas, Chiehwen Hsu

Francisco Soto Mas

Information on how health professionals perceive tobacco use as well as their attitudes toward tobacco control is scarce. This study assessed the attitudes and perceptions of public health students toward tobacco use and tobacco control, which constitutes a necessary first step in designing effective training strategies. Although the majority of respondents agreed that tobacco use constitutes a relevant public health problem, they did not perceive tobacco control to be a public health priority. Academic institutions may not be properly training public health students, and may therefore be missing the opportunity to advance tobacco control at the national and global levels.


Identifikasi Senyawa Antioksidan Dalam Spons Callyspongia Sp Dari Kepulauan Seribu, Endang Hanani Dec 2005

Identifikasi Senyawa Antioksidan Dalam Spons Callyspongia Sp Dari Kepulauan Seribu, Endang Hanani

Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian

Antioxidant activity and identification of antioxidative compounds of Callyspongia sponge from Seribu Island (Kepulauan Seribu) were investigated. The sponge was extracted with acetone and the extract was concentrated using rotary vacuum evaporator. DPPH and tiocyanate methods were used to examine the antioxidant activity of the extract. The extract exhibited strong antioxidant activity in DPPH method with IC50 of 41.21 µg/ml. Chemical analysis indicated that the antioxidative compound in the sponge was alkaloid group.


Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Yuan Wang, Frank Yates, Olaia Naveiras, Patricia Ernst, George Q. Daley Dec 2005

Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Yuan Wang, Frank Yates, Olaia Naveiras, Patricia Ernst, George Q. Daley

Dartmouth Scholarship

Despite two decades of studies documenting the in vitro blood-forming potential of murine embryonic stem cells (ESCs), achieving stable long-term blood engraftment of ESC-derived hematopoietic stem cells in irradiated mice has proven difficult. We have exploited the Cdx-Hox pathway, a genetic program important for blood development, to enhance the differentiation of ESCs along the hematopoietic lineage. Using an embryonic stem cell line engineered with tetracycline-inducible Cdx4 , we demonstrate that ectopic Cdx4 expression promotes hematopoietic mesoderm specification, increases hematopoietic progenitor formation, and, together with HoxB4, enhances multilineage hematopoietic engraftment of lethally irradiated adult mice. Clonal analysis of retroviral integration sites …


Health Information Access Dec 2005

Health Information Access

The Southeastern Librarian

The National Network of Libraries of Medicine, Southeastern Atlantic Region, wishes to remind libraries in the region that they provide training and assistance with health information access to the public.


A Hybrid Model For Reducing Ecological Bias, Ruth Salway, Jon Wakefield Dec 2005

A Hybrid Model For Reducing Ecological Bias, Ruth Salway, Jon Wakefield

UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series

A major drawback of epidemiological ecological studies, in which the association between area-level summaries of risk and exposure are used to make inference about individual risk, is the difficulty in characterising within-area variability in exposure and confounder variables. To avoid ecological bias, samples of individual exposure/confounder data within each area are required. Unfortunately these may be difficult or expensive to obtain, particularly if large samples are required. In this paper we propose a new approach suitable for use with small samples. We combine a Bayesian non-parametric Dirichlet process prior with an estimating functions approach, and show that this model gives …


Public Health Practitioner Expert Opinion For Recommending Revisions To A Community Nutrition Mph Curriculum Dec 2005

Public Health Practitioner Expert Opinion For Recommending Revisions To A Community Nutrition Mph Curriculum

Florida Public Health Review

No abstract provided.


A Huntington's Christmas Story: Ten Years Of Wondering, Kenneth P. Serbin Dec 2005

A Huntington's Christmas Story: Ten Years Of Wondering, Kenneth P. Serbin

At Risk for Huntington's Disease

No abstract provided.


Primary Care Nurse Attitudes, Beliefs And Confidence Levels Regarding Alcohol Abuse And Its Treatment: Impact Of Educational Intervention., Raja Sekhar Vadlamudi Dec 2005

Primary Care Nurse Attitudes, Beliefs And Confidence Levels Regarding Alcohol Abuse And Its Treatment: Impact Of Educational Intervention., Raja Sekhar Vadlamudi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Alcohol abuse has been a major burden on the society. In the fight against it a key issue the education of the primary care nurses has been ignored. This study evaluates the effect of education program on the attitudes, beliefs, and confidence levels of primary care nurses regarding alcohol abuse and its treatment. Data from the Project Mainstream educational intervention were used with permission from the investigators. Two hundred one students and faculty of nursing at Vanderbilt University participated in the intervention, which was designed to train primary care providers in the Brief Negotiated Intervention technique for early detection and …


Health-Exposure Modelling And The Ecological Fallacy, Jon Wakefield, Gavin Shaddick Dec 2005

Health-Exposure Modelling And The Ecological Fallacy, Jon Wakefield, Gavin Shaddick

UW Biostatistics Working Paper Series

Recently there has been increased interest in modelling the association between aggregate disease counts and environmental exposures measured, for example via air pollution monitors, at point locations. This paper has two aims: first we develop a model for such data in order to avoid ecological bias; second we illustrate that modelling the exposure surface and estimating exposures may lead to bias in estimation of health effects. Design issues are also briefly considered, in particular the loss of information in moving from individual to ecological data, and the at-risk populations to consider in relation to the pollution monitor locations. The approach …


Disaster And Emergency Communications Prior To Computers/Internet: A Review, John W. Farnham Dec 2005

Disaster And Emergency Communications Prior To Computers/Internet: A Review, John W. Farnham

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Nursing

When communications are needed the most desperately and most urgently, the difficulty of effecting the desired communications increases exponentially. Recent natural disasters in different parts of the world have provided eloquent testament to this. The history of disaster or emergency communications can provide us with a foundation for understanding the problems encountered today, and can offer us insight into how we might improve the systems and processes for communications. The first applications of communication technology that allowed messages to be sent more rapidly than the fastest form of transportation were mainly military in origin. This review takes us from the …


Dump Truck Driver Dies After Unintentional Release Of Asphalt, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 2005

Dump Truck Driver Dies After Unintentional Release Of Asphalt, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Motor Vehicle

On June 6, 2005 a 55-year-old male dump truck driver (Driver 1) died when he was buried waist deep in 400-degree Fahrenheit asphalt. Driver 1 stopped along the highway to help another dump truck driver (Driver 2), (both were independent truck drivers), who had experienced brake problems. As the two men were examining the pneumatic brake system at the rear of the disabled dump truck, the tailgate opened unexpectedly, spilling hot asphalt onto the decedent who was under the rear of the truck.

To prevent similar incidents, the following recommendations have been made:

Recommendation No. 1: Tailgate chains should always …


Obat Penggugur Kandungan Mamuju Utara 082328881996 Jual Obat Aborsi Di Mamuju Utara, Dr Fitri Dec 2005

Obat Penggugur Kandungan Mamuju Utara 082328881996 Jual Obat Aborsi Di Mamuju Utara, Dr Fitri

dr fitri

Jual Obat Penggugur Kandungan Dan Obat Aborsi Tuntas Di Kota Mamuju Utara

WA : 0823 2888 1996


Jual Obat Aborsi Di Mamuju Utara - 0823 2888 1996, Obat Aborsi Di Mamuju Utara, Obat Aborsi Mamuju Utara, Obat Telat Bulan Mamuju Utara, Obat Telat Bulan Di Mamuju Utara, Jual Obat Telat Bulan Di Mamuju Utara, Obat Penggugur Kandungan Di Mamuju Utara, Obat Pelancar Haid Di Mamuju Utara, Obat Cytotec Di Mamuju Utara, Obat Aborsi Kota Mamuju Utara, Obat Aborsi Di Wilayah Mamuju Utara, Penjual Obat Aborsi Di Mamuju Utara, Tempat Jual Obat Aborsi Di Mamuju Utara.

Cytotec Misoprostol Merupakan Obat …


Analysis Of Indentation Loading Of Cortical Bone Using Acoustic Emission Techniques, Ashkan Safari, Ger Reilly, Brendan Mccormack Dec 2005

Analysis Of Indentation Loading Of Cortical Bone Using Acoustic Emission Techniques, Ashkan Safari, Ger Reilly, Brendan Mccormack

Conference Papers

In this study, we recorded the number of Acoustic emission (AE) hits and related AE energy during indentation fracture of cortical bone using a PAC PCI-2 card and pico sensor. A threshold value of 43dB was used to filter premature trigger due to background noise. Registered AE hits had more than one count (threshold crossing). Amplifier gain was set at 40dB with a (0.1-1) MHz band pass filter. 8mm cubes of cortical bones were indented in the longitudinal direction at constant crosshead speed of 1 mm min-1 using a large 2D, 50˚ wedge indenter. We hypothesised that signals occurring as …


Issn Roundtable: Faqs About The Issn, Jose Antonio, Marc Gann, Douglas Kalman, Frank Katch, Susan Kleiner, Richard Kreider, Darryn Willoughby Dec 2005

Issn Roundtable: Faqs About The Issn, Jose Antonio, Marc Gann, Douglas Kalman, Frank Katch, Susan Kleiner, Richard Kreider, Darryn Willoughby

Department of Health and Human Performance Faculty Articles

: MISSION STATEMENT OF THE ISSN : The mission of the International Society of Sports Nutrition is to be recognized as the leading professional organization in the study and application of sports nutrition. The ISSN is dedicated to promoting and supporting the study, practice, education, research and development of sports nutrition and the sports nutrition profession. All information disseminated by the ISSN is unbiased and scientifically supported.


Orally Delivered, Plant-Produced Tat Protein Primes Mice For A Challenge Dna Vaccine Expressing Tat, A V. Karasev, S Foulke, C Wellens, I Zwierzynski, R Baldwin, H Koprowski, M S. Reitz Jr Dec 2005

Orally Delivered, Plant-Produced Tat Protein Primes Mice For A Challenge Dna Vaccine Expressing Tat, A V. Karasev, S Foulke, C Wellens, I Zwierzynski, R Baldwin, H Koprowski, M S. Reitz Jr

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Oral Presentation.


Model Checking For Roc Regression Analysis, Tianxi Cai, Yingye Zheng Dec 2005

Model Checking For Roc Regression Analysis, Tianxi Cai, Yingye Zheng

Harvard University Biostatistics Working Paper Series

The Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve is a prominent tool for characterizing the accuracy of continuous diagnostic test. To account for factors that might invluence the test accuracy, various ROC regression methods have been proposed. However, as in any regression analysis, when the assumed models do not fit the data well, these methods may render invalid and misleading results. To date practical model checking techniques suitable for validating existing ROC regression models are not yet available. In this paper, we develop cumulative residual based procedures to graphically and numerically assess the goodness-of-fit for some commonly used ROC regression models, and …


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 23, Wku Student Affairs Dec 2005

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 23, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

WKU campus newspaper reporting campus, athletic and Bowling Green, Kentucky news. Articles in this issue:

  • Leslie, Joey. More Students Tested During AIDS Day
  • Hupman, Samantha. J-term More Popular than Anticipated
  • Fontana, Alex. Student Government Association Proposes New Bicycles for Police
  • Bosken, Nina. Students Dodge, Duck, Dive for Charity and Prizes – Special Olympics
  • Richardson, Kelly. Kentucky Community Technical College System Requests Funding – KCTCS
  • Taking the Next Step – Cultural Diversity
  • Eoff, Allison. Pass on Adderall
  • Gabler, R. XXX Ads Disappointing
  • Williams, Suzanne. A Woman’s Heart
  • Hupman, Samantha. Two Fights Reported on Hill
  • Paul, Corey. Kwanzaa to Be Celebrated Today …


Redesigning Practice To Improve Care Delivery (Boston), Laura A. Dummit, Lisa Sprague Dec 2005

Redesigning Practice To Improve Care Delivery (Boston), Laura A. Dummit, Lisa Sprague

National Health Policy Forum

This site visit focused on how the practice of medicine is changing or can be changed to improve care delivery across the spectrum of patient populations. Regarded as a “medical Mecca,” Boston is home to the academic health centers and teaching hospitals where many of the nation’s physicians are trained. As a center of innovation, Boston prides itself on its high bar with respect to standards of care. Panels addressed the used of clinical information technology (IT) in the physician’s office, in the hospital, and community-wide. Participants observed how IT is being used to further the mission of community health …


History-Adjusted Marginal Structural Models To Estimate Time-Varying Effect Modification , Maya L. Petersen, Steven G. Deeks, Jeffrey N. Martin, Mark J. Van Der Laan Dec 2005

History-Adjusted Marginal Structural Models To Estimate Time-Varying Effect Modification , Maya L. Petersen, Steven G. Deeks, Jeffrey N. Martin, Mark J. Van Der Laan

U.C. Berkeley Division of Biostatistics Working Paper Series

Much of epidemiology and clinical medicine is focused on the estimation of treatments or interventions administered over time. In such settings of longitudinal treatment, time-dependent confounding is often an important source of bias. Marginal structural models are a powerful tool for estimating the causal effect of a treatment using observational data, particularly when time-dependent confounding is present. Recent statistical work presented a generalization of marginal structural models, called history-adjusted marginal structural models. Unlike standard marginal structural models, history-adjusted marginal structural models can be used to estimate modification of treatment effects by time-varying covariates. Estimation of time-dependent causal effect modification is …


A Thanksgiving Visit: A Time To Reflect On Hd, Kenneth P. Serbin Dec 2005

A Thanksgiving Visit: A Time To Reflect On Hd, Kenneth P. Serbin

At Risk for Huntington's Disease

No abstract provided.


Improved Peak Detection And Quantification Of Mass Spectrometry Data Acquired From Surface-Enhanced Laser Desorption And Ionization By Denoising Spectra With The Undecimated Discrete Wavelet Transform, Kevin R. Coombes, Spiros Tsavachidis, Jeffrey S. Morris, Keith A. Baggerly, Henry M. Kuerer Dec 2005

Improved Peak Detection And Quantification Of Mass Spectrometry Data Acquired From Surface-Enhanced Laser Desorption And Ionization By Denoising Spectra With The Undecimated Discrete Wavelet Transform, Kevin R. Coombes, Spiros Tsavachidis, Jeffrey S. Morris, Keith A. Baggerly, Henry M. Kuerer

Jeffrey S. Morris

Background: Mass spectrometry, especially surface enhanced laser desorption and ionization (SELDI) is increasingly being used to find disease-related proteomic patterns in complex mixtures of proteins derived from tissue samples or from easily obtained biological fluids such as serum, urine, or nipple aspirate fluid. Questions have been raised about the reproducibility and reliability of peak quantifications using this technology. For example, Yasui and colleagues opted to replace continuous measures of the size of a peak by a simple binary indicator of its presence or absence in their analysis of a set of spectra from prostate cancer patients.

Methods: We collected nipple …


Pooling Information Across Different Studies And Oligonucleotide Microarray Chip Types To Identify Prognostic Genes For Lung Cancer., Jeffrey S. Morris, Guosheng Yin, Keith A. Baggerly, Chunlei Wu, Li Zhang Dec 2005

Pooling Information Across Different Studies And Oligonucleotide Microarray Chip Types To Identify Prognostic Genes For Lung Cancer., Jeffrey S. Morris, Guosheng Yin, Keith A. Baggerly, Chunlei Wu, Li Zhang

Jeffrey S. Morris

Our goal in this work is to pool information across microarray studies conducted at different institutions using two different versions of Affymetrix chips to identify genes whose expression levels offer information on lung cancer patients’ survival above and beyond the information provided by readily available clinical covariates. We combine information across chip types by identifying “matching probes” present on both chips, and then assembling them into new probesets based on Unigene clusters. This method yields comparable expression level quantifications across chips without sacrificing much precision or significantly altering the relative ordering of the samples. We fit a series of multivariable …


Accounting For Missing Data In End-Of-Life Research, Paula Diehr, Laura Lee Johnson Dec 2005

Accounting For Missing Data In End-Of-Life Research, Paula Diehr, Laura Lee Johnson

Paula Diehr

End-of-life studies are likely to have missing data because sicker persons are less likely to provide information and because measurements cannot be made after death. Ignoring missing data may result in data that are too favorable, because the sickest persons are effectively dropped from the analysis. In a comparison of two groups, the group with the most deaths and missing data will tend to have the most favorable data, which is not desirable. Results based on only the available data may not be generalizable to the original study population. If most of the missing data are absent because of death, …


Human Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase Expression In Oral Carcinogenesis - A Preliminary Report, Kumar S. K. S., Rosnah Binti Zain, Ismail S. M., Cheong S. C. Dec 2005

Human Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase Expression In Oral Carcinogenesis - A Preliminary Report, Kumar S. K. S., Rosnah Binti Zain, Ismail S. M., Cheong S. C.

Prof. Dr. Rosnah Binti Zain

Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), the catalytic subunit of telomerase, is strongly associated with telomerase activity implicated in cellular immortalization and tumorigenesis. In situ detection of hTERT will aid in determining the localization of telomerase positive cells. The aim of this study was to detect hTERT protein expression in multistep oral carcinogenesis using paraffin embedded tissue samples, and to study the relationship of hTERT expression with different histological stages in oral carcinogenesis. Normal (n=4), hyperplastic (n=4), dysplastic (n=4) and neoplastic (n=10) oral epithelia representing different histological stages in oral carcinogenesis were included in the study. hTERT protein detection was done …


Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome, Robert J. Shprintzen, Anne Marie Higgins, Kevin M. Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Nancy Roizen, Wendy R. Kates Dec 2005

Velo-Cardio-Facial Syndrome, Robert J. Shprintzen, Anne Marie Higgins, Kevin M. Antshel, Wanda Fremont, Nancy Roizen, Wendy R. Kates

Communication Disorders Faculty Publications

Purpose of review: Velo-cardio-facial syndrome has emerged from obscurity to become one of the most researched disorders this past decade. It is one of the most common genetic syndromes in humans, the most common contiguous gene syndrome in humans, the most common syndrome of cleft palate, and the most common syndrome of conotruncal heart malformations. Velo-cardio-facial syndrome has an expansive phenotype, a factor reflected in the wide range of studies that cover both clinical features and molecular genetics. In this review, we cover multiple areas of research during the past year, including psychiatric disorders, neuroimaging, and the delineation of clinical …


Comparison Of Two Surveys Of Head Injured Patients Presenting During A Calendar Year To An Urban Medical Centre 32 Years Apart, Rashid Jooma, Shahid Ahmed, Abdul Malik Zarden Dec 2005

Comparison Of Two Surveys Of Head Injured Patients Presenting During A Calendar Year To An Urban Medical Centre 32 Years Apart, Rashid Jooma, Shahid Ahmed, Abdul Malik Zarden

Section of Neurosurgery

Objective: To study the patients presenting with head injuries to a tertiary hospital in Karachi during the year 2003.
Methods: During the calendar year 2003, a cross-sectional study was conducted of all patients presenting to the casualty department of Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) with head injury. Personal information was collected from the patient's attendants at presentation or later if the patient had been brought in by the emergency services as an unknown person. The circumstances of the injury were similarly established and the clinical features documented.
Results: During the year 2003, a total of 3008 patients reported to the …


Désir Et Impuissance Dans Halfaouine Et Bye-Bye, Scott Homler Dec 2005

Désir Et Impuissance Dans Halfaouine Et Bye-Bye, Scott Homler

Présence Francophone: Revue internationale de langue et de littérature

The experience of adolescence and the trials of Arab and Beur masculinity are explored in the films of Férid Boughédir and Karim Dridi in order to reveal the psychology and the politics of masculinity in evolution. Studying two films, Halfaouine and Bye-Bye, as well as the autobiography of Abdelkébir Khatibi entitled La mémoire tatouée, we see that they reflect a number of discursive stages of an emergent identity of protest that is based on flight and self-destruction.


Center For Professional Ethics, Winter 2005, Case Western Reserve University Dec 2005

Center For Professional Ethics, Winter 2005, Case Western Reserve University

Center for Professional Ethics

Incomplete draft of issue:

Table of Contents:

  • The Race at Case: One Leg of a Long Marathon
  • Truth and Trust in a Time of Continuing Change: A Talk by Caroline Whitbeck
  • Religious Lawyering: Professor Russell Pearce Keeps His Faith
  • News and Notes


“Texts Memorized, Texts Performed: A Reconsideration Of The Role Of Paritta In Sri Lankan Monastic Education.”, Jeffrey Samuels Dec 2005

“Texts Memorized, Texts Performed: A Reconsideration Of The Role Of Paritta In Sri Lankan Monastic Education.”, Jeffrey Samuels

Philosophy & Religion Faculty Publications

During the past twenty years there has been a growing interest in monastic education within the larger field of Buddhist studies. Within the last ten years in particular, a number of monographs and articles examining the training and education of monks in Korea (Buswell [1992]), Tibet/India (Dreyfus [2003]), Thailand/Laos (Collins [1990], McDaniel [2002, 2003]), and Sri Lanka (Blackburn [1999a, 1999b, 2001] Samuels [2002]), have been published. Many of those works have paid particular attention to the texts used in monastic training, as well as to how the information contained in those very texts is imparted to and embodied by monks …


Long-Term Restoration Of Rod And Cone Vision By Single Dose Raav-Mediated Gene Transfer To The Retina In A Canine Model Of Childhood Blindness, Gregory M. Acland, Gustavo D. Aguirre, Jean Bennett, Tomas S. Aleman, Artur V. Cideciyan, Jeannette Bennicelli, Nadine S. Dejneka, Susan E. Pearce-Kelling, Albert M. Maguire, Krzysztof Palczewski, William W. Hauswirth, Samuel G. Jacobson Dec 2005

Long-Term Restoration Of Rod And Cone Vision By Single Dose Raav-Mediated Gene Transfer To The Retina In A Canine Model Of Childhood Blindness, Gregory M. Acland, Gustavo D. Aguirre, Jean Bennett, Tomas S. Aleman, Artur V. Cideciyan, Jeannette Bennicelli, Nadine S. Dejneka, Susan E. Pearce-Kelling, Albert M. Maguire, Krzysztof Palczewski, William W. Hauswirth, Samuel G. Jacobson

Departmental Papers (Vet)

The short- and long-term effects of gene therapy using AAV-mediated RPE65 transfer to canine retinal pigment epithelium were investigated in dogs affected with disease caused by RPE65 deficiency. Results with AAV 2/2, 2/1, and 2/5 vector pseudotypes, human or canine RPE65 cDNA, and constitutive or tissue-specific promoters were similar. Subretinally administered vectors restored retinal function in 23 of 26 eyes, but intravitreal injections consistently did not. Photoreceptoral and postreceptoral function in both rod and cone systems improved with therapy. In dogs followed electroretinographically for 3 years, responses remained stable. Biochemical analysis of retinal retinoids indicates that mutant dogs have no …