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2002

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1929

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Income Inequality And Family Income And Their Relationships To Chronic Medical Conditions And Mental Health Disorders, Roland Sturm, Carole Gresenz Jan 2013

Income Inequality And Family Income And Their Relationships To Chronic Medical Conditions And Mental Health Disorders, Roland Sturm, Carole Gresenz

Roland Sturm

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Interest For A Nurse Re-Entry Program In Southeastern Ohio, Marsha K. Rodgers Dec 2002

An Investigation Of The Interest For A Nurse Re-Entry Program In Southeastern Ohio, Marsha K. Rodgers

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

In the United States and throughout the world there is a serious concern in the growing nursing shortage. Many recruitment and retention techniques are currently being used to ease the nursing shortage. One such avenue is a nurse re-entry program. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the interest for a RN re-entry program in southeastern Ohio.

The data collected during the investigation used both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. Information was received through two survey questionnaires and two focus groups. The instruments were designed with the purpose of determining how many registered nurses were not working in …


Regulation Of Rac1 Activation By The Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor–Related Protein, Zhong Ma, Keena S. Thomas, Donna J. Webb, Radim Moravec, Ana Maria Salicioni, Wendy M. Mars, Steven L. Gonias Dec 2002

Regulation Of Rac1 Activation By The Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor–Related Protein, Zhong Ma, Keena S. Thomas, Donna J. Webb, Radim Moravec, Ana Maria Salicioni, Wendy M. Mars, Steven L. Gonias

Ana Maria Salicioni

The low density lipoprotein receptor–related protein (LRP-1) binds and mediates the endocytosis of multiple ligands, transports the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and other membrane proteins into endosomes, and binds intracellular adaptor proteins involved in cell signaling. In this paper, we show that in murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and L929 cells, LRP-1 functions as a major regulator of Rac1 activation, and that this activity depends on uPAR. LRP-1–deficient MEFs demonstrated increased Rac1 activation compared with LRP-1–expressing MEFs, and this property was reversed by expressing the VLDL receptor, a member of the same gene family as LRP-1, with overlapping ligand-binding specificity. …


Cell Surface Glycoprotein Pzr Is A Major Mediator Of Concanavalin A-Induced Cell Signaling, Runxiang Zhao, Abdelmadjid Guerrah, Hua Tang, Z. Joe Zhao Dec 2002

Cell Surface Glycoprotein Pzr Is A Major Mediator Of Concanavalin A-Induced Cell Signaling, Runxiang Zhao, Abdelmadjid Guerrah, Hua Tang, Z. Joe Zhao

School of Medical and Biological Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

PZR is an immunoglobulin superfamily cell surface protein containing a pair of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs. As a glycoprotein, PZR displays a strong association with concanavalin A (ConA), a member of the plant lectin family. Treatment of several cell lines with ConA caused tyrosine phosphorylation of a major cellular protein. Immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation studies indicated that this protein corresponded to PZR. Tyrosine phosphorylation of PZR was accompanied by recruitment of SHP-2 and was inhibited by PP1, a selective inhibitor of the Src family tyrosine kinases. Furthermore, c-Src was constitutively associated with PZR and was activated upon treatment of cells with …


Method For Inhibition Of Photocarcinogenesis Or Photoimmunosuppression Using Niacin, Elaine L. Jacobson, Helen L. Gensler Dec 2002

Method For Inhibition Of Photocarcinogenesis Or Photoimmunosuppression Using Niacin, Elaine L. Jacobson, Helen L. Gensler

Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences Faculty Patents

The invention is directed to novel methods for the suppression of photocarcinogenesis and photoimmunosuppression in mice. The novel methods comprises the step of administering to a subject a pharmaceutical composition comprising niacin and a pharmaceutical carrier.


Migrant Worker Dies In Tractor Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 2002

Migrant Worker Dies In Tractor Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

On September 13, 2002, a 26 year-old male Hispanic migrant worker (decedent) died when the tractor he was driving on a country roadway overturned. The decedent had experience driving the tractor in a field, but did not have experience driving it on a public roadway. On the afternoon of the incident, the decedent drove the tractor, pulling a wagonload of tobacco, from the farm where it had been harvested to the tobacco barn one mile away. The road was hilly and had a sharp curve to the right at the bottom of the hill. As the decedent drove the tractor …


Synthases, Joseph Chappell, Kathleen R. Manna, Joseph P. Noel, Courtney M. Starks Dec 2002

Synthases, Joseph Chappell, Kathleen R. Manna, Joseph P. Noel, Courtney M. Starks

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

Novel synthases and the corresponding nucleic acids encoding such synthases are disclosed herein. Such synthases possess an active site pocket that includes key amino acid residues that are modified to generate desired terpenoid reaction intermediates and products. Synthase modifications are designed based on, e.g., the three-dimensional coordinates of tobacco 5-epi-aristolochene synthase with or without a substrate bound in the active site.


Screening At Worksite Applying The Framingham Heart Study Score., Paulo A. Lotufo Dec 2002

Screening At Worksite Applying The Framingham Heart Study Score., Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

The first evaluation of class of occupation and cardiovascular risk factors in a Brazilian sample of civil servants. 1) context: Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death in Brazil. The high-risk approach to cardiovascular risk factors by screening test at worksite is one possible strategy of prevention. 2) objective: to verify the impact of a risk factors screening according to occupational levels. 3) type of study: cross-sectional 4) setting: occupational division of University of Sao Paulo 5) participants: 6,587 employees aged 20 to 69 years-old classified according three occupational grades (non-skilled, both manual and non-manual jobs; technical; faculty). 6) …


Ada News - 12/16/2002, American Dental Association, Publishing Division Dec 2002

Ada News - 12/16/2002, American Dental Association, Publishing Division

ADA News

Established in 1970 as the official newspaper of the American Dental Association, the ADA News serves practicing dentists and others allied to the dental profession in the U.S. and internationally. It is the No. 1 source of news and information about the many benefits and services the ADA delivers to members daily as well as timely information on scientific, social, political and economic developments affecting dentistry and health care.


Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Integration In B-Cell Lymphoma Identifies A Candidate Tumor Suppressor Gene On Human Chromosome 15q151, Julia Beatty, Anne Terry, Julie Macdonald, Elizabeth Gault, Stanley Cevario, Stephen J. O'Brien, Ewan Cameron, James C. Neil Dec 2002

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Integration In B-Cell Lymphoma Identifies A Candidate Tumor Suppressor Gene On Human Chromosome 15q151, Julia Beatty, Anne Terry, Julie Macdonald, Elizabeth Gault, Stanley Cevario, Stephen J. O'Brien, Ewan Cameron, James C. Neil

Biology Faculty Articles

Infection with immunosuppressive lentiviruses is associated with increased cancer risk,but most studies have implicated indirect mechanisms as the tumor cells generally lack integrated viral sequences.An exception wasfound in a B-cell lymphoma (Q254) where the tumor cells contained a single integrated feline immunodeficiency virus genome. Additional analysis now indicates that feline immunodeficiency virus integration in lymphoma Q254 resulted in promoter insertion and truncation of a conserved gene on feline chromosome B3, whereas the unaffected allele of the gene appeared to be transcriptionally down-regulated. The orthologous human gene (FLJ12973), is expressed ubiquitously and encodes a WD-repeat protein with structural similarity …


Activation Of Ca2+-Activated K+ Channels And Cell Migration By Hepatocyte Growth Factor/Scatter Factor In Madin-Darby Canine Kidney Cells., Min Jin Dec 2002

Activation Of Ca2+-Activated K+ Channels And Cell Migration By Hepatocyte Growth Factor/Scatter Factor In Madin-Darby Canine Kidney Cells., Min Jin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Hepatocyte Growth Factor/Scatter Factor (HGF/SF) stimulates migration of various cells and has been linked via Met tyrosine kinase signaling to transformation and the metastatic phenotype. HGF/SF-Met signaling also plays a role in malignancy. Migration of transformed MDCK-F cells depends on activation of a charybdotoxin (ChTX)-sensitive, volume-activated membrane K+ current. Patch-clamp electrophysiology and transwell migration assays were used to study the effects of HGF/SF on membrane K+ currents and cell migration in MDCK II cells. HGF/SF activated membrane K+ currents that increased over 24 hr, and these could be modulated by altering intracellular free calcium concentration [Ca2+ …


Dose-Response Effects Of Lithium On Spatial Memory In The Black Molly Fish., Thomas Kyle Creson Dec 2002

Dose-Response Effects Of Lithium On Spatial Memory In The Black Molly Fish., Thomas Kyle Creson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Lithium continues to be widely prescribed for the management of bipolar disease, yet cognitive impairment-related side effects promote noncompliance of the treatment regimen. We have introduced a novel animal model, the black molly fish, to study dose-response effects of lithium on short-term (STM) and long-term (LTM) memories. We developed a method utilizing capillary ion analysis (CIA), to measure plasma and brain lithium levels employed in our behavioral studies. We then developed an appropriate testing environment to ascertain learning capacities of these fish. We established that black mollies could adequately perform a forced-choice spontaneous alternation (SA) task used extensively in rodents …


What Is Your Diagnosis?, Pranee Tuntivanich Dec 2002

What Is Your Diagnosis?, Pranee Tuntivanich

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

No abstract provided.


Ultrasound Diagnosis, Phiwipha Kamonrat Dec 2002

Ultrasound Diagnosis, Phiwipha Kamonrat

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

No abstract provided.


Ecg Quiz, Chollada Buranakarl, Kris Angkanaporn, Sumpun Thammacharoen Dec 2002

Ecg Quiz, Chollada Buranakarl, Kris Angkanaporn, Sumpun Thammacharoen

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

No abstract provided.


Pituitary Adenoma In A Horse: A Case Report, Nopadon Pirarat, Kohsaku Chijiwa, Pattama Ritruechai, Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Komkrich Teankum, Wijit Banlunara, Anudep Rungsipipat, Boonmee Sunyasutjaree Dec 2002

Pituitary Adenoma In A Horse: A Case Report, Nopadon Pirarat, Kohsaku Chijiwa, Pattama Ritruechai, Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Komkrich Teankum, Wijit Banlunara, Anudep Rungsipipat, Boonmee Sunyasutjaree

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

A female, grey, 24-year-old horse was showing clinical signs of weight loss, ataxia, hersutism, high fever, dysuria, nasal discharge and moist rale lung sounds. Gross examination revealed a single, white, firm, pituitary mass with a diameter 2.5 x 2.1 x 1.5 cm, compressed and overlying the hypothalamus. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations revealed the characteristic of a ACTH-derived pituitary adenoma.


R&D Is How Best Companies Stay That Way, Rick Burton Dec 2002

R&D Is How Best Companies Stay That Way, Rick Burton

Sport Management - All Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Retrospective Immunohistochemistry Study On Feline Panleukopenia Virus, Induced Enteritis, In Cats, Nopadon Pirarat, Theerayuth Kaewamatawong, Somporn Techangamsuwan Dec 2002

A Retrospective Immunohistochemistry Study On Feline Panleukopenia Virus, Induced Enteritis, In Cats, Nopadon Pirarat, Theerayuth Kaewamatawong, Somporn Techangamsuwan

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The retrospective study of 30 cases records using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded intestines, from Feline Panleukopenia (FPL) infected cats using histopathological criteria as seen by the Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Chulalongkorn University between 1997-2001, was undertaken. The objective of the study was to examine FPLV infection in feline intestines showing characteristic lesions of parvovirus enteritis and to describe the relationship between the intestinal microscopic lesions of FPL in affected cats, with the location of FPL antigens, using immunohistochemical methods. The most striking histological lesions were villous atrophy and epithelial cell necrosis 96.67%. The lumen of crypts were often greatly …


The Invasion Of Guppy Skin By Tetrahymena Spp. After Induced Injuries, Aranya Ponpornpisit, Makoto Endo Dec 2002

The Invasion Of Guppy Skin By Tetrahymena Spp. After Induced Injuries, Aranya Ponpornpisit, Makoto Endo

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

A study was carried out on the invasion of Guppy skin by Tetrahymena spp. after various types of skin injury. Three types of skin injuries, scale removal, brush scratching and acetic acid irritation were performed. Tetrahymena spp. only the acetic acid irritation method allowed to invade the damaged skin. Guppy skin using this method, the fish caudal fin was covered with a 10%, acetic acid soaked, cotton strip for three minutes and exposed to water containing Tetrahymena spp. for 24 hours. Successful invasion used 100 Tetrahymena spp. cells/ml. in the water, at 25oC and a pH of 7.0-8.0. Histopathological examination …


Salmonella Spp., Coliforms And Total Bacterial Counts From Cultured Abalones, Perasut Pianpijit, Suksan Juhong, Nattakan Tun, Channarong Rodkum, Janenuj Wongtavatchai Dec 2002

Salmonella Spp., Coliforms And Total Bacterial Counts From Cultured Abalones, Perasut Pianpijit, Suksan Juhong, Nattakan Tun, Channarong Rodkum, Janenuj Wongtavatchai

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The first commercial farm in Thailand to culture Abalone was studied to approve sanitation and food safety. Water quality and bacterial contamination criteria in both water from culturerelated sources and Abalone prior to marketing was examined. The water quality and bacteria found in the water samples (total aerobic plate, Vibrio count and MPN total coliforms) indicated the culturing practices adhere to the standards for shellfish sanitation. Total coliforms and other bacteria found in the Abalone samples also complied with microbiological guidelines for seafood products. The study details good farm manufacturing practices which can assure the food safety of Abalone. Further …


The Determination Of Serum Copper And Zinc Concentrations In Thoroughbred Foals And Their Dams After Parturition, Achara Tawatsin, Panumas Ruantongdee, Prachak Poomvises Dec 2002

The Determination Of Serum Copper And Zinc Concentrations In Thoroughbred Foals And Their Dams After Parturition, Achara Tawatsin, Panumas Ruantongdee, Prachak Poomvises

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Serum copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations in 5-35 thoroughbred foals and their dams during first 24 weeks after parturition were determined. Mean serum Cu in foals increased significantly (p < 0.01) with age, from 10.4±1.1 μmol/l at week 1 to 25.9±0.8 μmol/l at week 24, whereas those in mares decreased significantly p < 0.05, from 26.2±1.3 μmol/l at week 1 to 22.0±0.5 μmol/l at week 24 after parturition. There was a large negative correlation between the mean serum Cu concentrations in foals and their dams (r = -0.86, p < 0.01). Serum Zn concentrations in both foals and mares on the other hand, gradually decreased after parturition, ranging from and 17.7±0.3 μmol/l at week-1 to 13.8±0.5 μmol/l at week 24, in foals and from 16.2±1.2 μmol/l at week 1 to 14.4±0.5 μmol/l at week 24 in mares. The correlation coefficient between the mean serum Zn concentrations in foals and their mares was high (r = 0.895, p < 0.01).


Treatment Of Chicken Caecal Coccidiosis With Sulfamonomethoxine In A Trial Conducted In A Battery House, Nopadon Pirarat, Autthapon Suntharathonpiphut, Kridtasak Sang-Gassanee, Anuchittada Sirisriro, Komkrich Teankum, Manop Muangyai Dec 2002

Treatment Of Chicken Caecal Coccidiosis With Sulfamonomethoxine In A Trial Conducted In A Battery House, Nopadon Pirarat, Autthapon Suntharathonpiphut, Kridtasak Sang-Gassanee, Anuchittada Sirisriro, Komkrich Teankum, Manop Muangyai

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The treatment of chicken caecal coccidiosis with sulfamonomethoxine, at a concentration of 0.05 % in drinking water for 3 days, was performed on different days post oocyst inoculation.162 chickens were divided into 6 groups, 3 cages per group with 9 chicken each group. Chickens in groups 1-5 obtained 7x104 oocysts of Eimeria tenella, via a stomach tube. Chickens in group 1, 2 and 3 were treated on days 1-3, 2-4 and 3-5 post inoculation respectively. Group 4, a control group was infected but unmedicated. Group 5 was uninfected and unmedicated and group 6 was studied for drug toxicity observation. The …


Abalone Cultivation In Thailand: A Case Study, Nattakan Tun, Perasut Pianpijit, Suksan Juhong, Channarong Rodkum, Janenuj Wongtavatchai Dec 2002

Abalone Cultivation In Thailand: A Case Study, Nattakan Tun, Perasut Pianpijit, Suksan Juhong, Channarong Rodkum, Janenuj Wongtavatchai

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Abalone are high cost seafoods regarded as delicacy. The decline of world abalone fishery has initiated the development of cultured abalone production in some countries. Thailand possesses geographical areas which are suitable for abalone habitats and the commercial abalone farming is currently promoted by the government. Commercial fishery for abalone in Thailand are presently unfamiliarity of their biology. This report describes the basis biology of abalone, development of abalone culture in tropical regions; selection and management of broodstock, in tank spawning, rearing of larvae through grow-out culture of advanced juveniles, to meet the requirement of consumers' seafood standard.


Sommerville, Bonnie Interview For The Miami Valley College Of Nursing And Health Oral History Project, Donna M. Curry, Carol Holdcraft, Bonnie Sommerville Dec 2002

Sommerville, Bonnie Interview For The Miami Valley College Of Nursing And Health Oral History Project, Donna M. Curry, Carol Holdcraft, Bonnie Sommerville

Wright State University - Miami Valley College of Nursing and Health Oral History Project

Carol Holdcraft and Donna Miles Curry interviewed Bonnie Sommerville on December 3, 2002 about the founding of Wright State University College of Nursing and Health. In the interview, Sommerville discusses her career and her decision to come to Wright State as a student and faculty member for the College of Nursing and Health.


Seminal Plasma: Its Function And Importance For Pig Artificial Insemination, Kampon Kaeoket, Padet Tummaruk Dec 2002

Seminal Plasma: Its Function And Importance For Pig Artificial Insemination, Kampon Kaeoket, Padet Tummaruk

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The objective of this review is to update information concerning the function of seminal plasma on the pig reproductive system, as well as its importance in artificial insemination (AI). It has been shown that seminal plasma advances ovulation in gilts by an average time of 10-14 hours, improves sperm motility, sustaines sperm viability during uterine transport, suppresses immune activities (chemotaxis of neutrophils), improved sperm transport, improves fertilisation rate, improves litter size in gilts and indirectly enhances fertility. The hormone estrogen, within the seminal plasma, causes a release of prostaglandins from the pigs endometrium to the utero-ovarian veins and lymphatic vessels. …


Isolation And Investigation Of The Exopolysaccharide From Thauera Sp. Mz1t, Michael S. Allen Dec 2002

Isolation And Investigation Of The Exopolysaccharide From Thauera Sp. Mz1t, Michael S. Allen

Doctoral Dissertations

Thauera sp. strain MZ1T is a floc-forming bacterium isolated from the wastewater treatment plant of Eastman Chemical Company. Its overabundance in that system in the form of zoogloeal clusters was positively correlated to episodes of poor dewatering of activated sludge (Lajoie 2000). The specific cause of this problem was thought to be due to the production of large quantities of hydrophilic exopolysaccharide (EPS) by MZ1T, which entraps water in the form of a hydrated gel, and results in a sludge that is resistant to mechanical dewatering.

A method for the reproducible extraction of EPS from pure cultures of MZ1T was …


Influence Of Moderate Training On Gait And Work Capacity In Fibromyalgia Patients: A Preliminary Field Study, Peter Tiidus, Michael Pierrynowski, Kimberley A. Dawson Dec 2002

Influence Of Moderate Training On Gait And Work Capacity In Fibromyalgia Patients: A Preliminary Field Study, Peter Tiidus, Michael Pierrynowski, Kimberley A. Dawson

Kinesiology and Physical Education Faculty Publications

This field study examined the influence of moderate intensity training on gait patterns and work capacity of individauls with fibromyalgia syndrome (FS). FS is a chronic condition of unknown etiology, characterized by muscle tenderness, pain and stiffness and often accompanied by depression and fatigue which seems to occur primarily in middle aged females. There is no known cure for FS but treatment often includes a prescription of mild exercise. Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of mild exercise on work capacity and gait patterns in FS patients. Participants were 14 females (age 47.0±7.6 y) who participated in a 10 wk …


“Private” Crime In Public Housing: Violent Victimization, Fear Of Crime And Social Isolation Among Women Public Housing Residents, Claire M. Renzetti, Shana L. Maier Dec 2002

“Private” Crime In Public Housing: Violent Victimization, Fear Of Crime And Social Isolation Among Women Public Housing Residents, Claire M. Renzetti, Shana L. Maier

CRVAW Faculty Journal Articles

Although public housing is typically associated with high crime rates, little research has been done on fear of crime or violent victimization experiences among public housing residents. Moreover, there are few studies that look specifically at women’s fear of crime or violent victimization experiences in public housing, despite the fact that women constitute the majority of public housing residents. These issues were examined in the present study through interviews with female public housing residents in Camden, New Jersey (NJ). The interviews reveal high rates of violent victimization, especially at the hands of intimates and acquaintances. Fear of crime is also …


Shoulder Injury In Taiwan Elite Baseball Players: Role Of Ultrasonographic Examination, Jau-Jia Lin, Hsing-Kuo Wang, Shin-Liang Pan, Tyng-Guey Wang Dec 2002

Shoulder Injury In Taiwan Elite Baseball Players: Role Of Ultrasonographic Examination, Jau-Jia Lin, Hsing-Kuo Wang, Shin-Liang Pan, Tyng-Guey Wang

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Shoulder injuries occurred frequently in elite baseball players. They are generally evaluated by questionnaire and physical examination and lacking of objective study such as a high-resolution ultrasonography especially in Taiwan. This study attempted to investigate the status of shoulder injuries in Taiwan elite baseball players by questionnaire and physical examination and defined the role of ultrasonographic examination in this type of injury.Twenty four elite college baseball players were recruited in this study. All the participants completed a questionnaire consisting of the training and injury history, and underwent Speed test, Empty can test, and Hawkins-Kennedy impingement test. Ultrasonographic examination was conducted …


Neuroanatomy Of The Common Dolphin (Delphinus Delphis) As Revealed By Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Mri), L. Marino, Keith Sudheimer, D. Ann Pabst, William A. Mclellan, David Filsoof, John I. Johnson Dec 2002

Neuroanatomy Of The Common Dolphin (Delphinus Delphis) As Revealed By Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Mri), L. Marino, Keith Sudheimer, D. Ann Pabst, William A. Mclellan, David Filsoof, John I. Johnson

Veterinary Science and Medicine Collection

In this study, magnetic resonance (MR) images of the brain of an adult common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) were acquired in the coronal plane at 66 antero-posterior levels. From these scans a computer-generated set of resectioned virtual images in orthogonal planes was constructed using the programs VoxelView and VoxelMath (Vital Images, Inc., Michigan State Univ.). Sections in all three planes reveal major neuroanatomical structures. These structures in the adult common dolphin brain are compared with those from a fetal common dolphin brain from a previously published study as well as with MR images of adult brains of other odontocetes. …