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2002

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1705

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Income Inequality And Family Income And Their Relationships To Chronic Medical Conditions And Mental Health Disorders, Roland Sturm, Carole Gresenz Jan 2013

Income Inequality And Family Income And Their Relationships To Chronic Medical Conditions And Mental Health Disorders, Roland Sturm, Carole Gresenz

Roland Sturm

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Interest For A Nurse Re-Entry Program In Southeastern Ohio, Marsha K. Rodgers Dec 2002

An Investigation Of The Interest For A Nurse Re-Entry Program In Southeastern Ohio, Marsha K. Rodgers

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

In the United States and throughout the world there is a serious concern in the growing nursing shortage. Many recruitment and retention techniques are currently being used to ease the nursing shortage. One such avenue is a nurse re-entry program. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the interest for a RN re-entry program in southeastern Ohio.

The data collected during the investigation used both qualitative and quantitative research techniques. Information was received through two survey questionnaires and two focus groups. The instruments were designed with the purpose of determining how many registered nurses were not working in …


Effect Of Assessment Method On The Discrepancy Between Judgments Of Health Disorders People Have And Do Not Have: A Web Study, Jonathan Baron, David A. Asch, Angela Fagerlin, Christopher A. Jepson, George Loewenstein, Jason Riis, Margaret G. Stineman, Peter A. Ubel Dec 2002

Effect Of Assessment Method On The Discrepancy Between Judgments Of Health Disorders People Have And Do Not Have: A Web Study, Jonathan Baron, David A. Asch, Angela Fagerlin, Christopher A. Jepson, George Loewenstein, Jason Riis, Margaret G. Stineman, Peter A. Ubel

Marketing Papers

Three experiments on the World Wide Web asked subjects to rate the severity of common health disorders such as acne or arthritis. People who had a disorder (“Haves”) tended to rate it as less severe than people who did not have it (“Not-haves”). Two explanations of this Have versus Not-have discrepancy were rejected. By one account, people change their reference point when they rate a disorder that they have. More precise reference points would, on this account, reduce the discrepancy, but, if anything, the discrepancy was larger. By another account, people who do not have the disorder focus on attributes …


Regulation Of Rac1 Activation By The Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor–Related Protein, Zhong Ma, Keena S. Thomas, Donna J. Webb, Radim Moravec, Ana Maria Salicioni, Wendy M. Mars, Steven L. Gonias Dec 2002

Regulation Of Rac1 Activation By The Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor–Related Protein, Zhong Ma, Keena S. Thomas, Donna J. Webb, Radim Moravec, Ana Maria Salicioni, Wendy M. Mars, Steven L. Gonias

Ana Maria Salicioni

The low density lipoprotein receptor–related protein (LRP-1) binds and mediates the endocytosis of multiple ligands, transports the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and other membrane proteins into endosomes, and binds intracellular adaptor proteins involved in cell signaling. In this paper, we show that in murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and L929 cells, LRP-1 functions as a major regulator of Rac1 activation, and that this activity depends on uPAR. LRP-1–deficient MEFs demonstrated increased Rac1 activation compared with LRP-1–expressing MEFs, and this property was reversed by expressing the VLDL receptor, a member of the same gene family as LRP-1, with overlapping ligand-binding specificity. …


Method For Inhibition Of Photocarcinogenesis Or Photoimmunosuppression Using Niacin, Elaine L. Jacobson, Helen L. Gensler Dec 2002

Method For Inhibition Of Photocarcinogenesis Or Photoimmunosuppression Using Niacin, Elaine L. Jacobson, Helen L. Gensler

Graduate Center for Nutritional Sciences Faculty Patents

The invention is directed to novel methods for the suppression of photocarcinogenesis and photoimmunosuppression in mice. The novel methods comprises the step of administering to a subject a pharmaceutical composition comprising niacin and a pharmaceutical carrier.


Synthases, Joseph Chappell, Kathleen R. Manna, Joseph P. Noel, Courtney M. Starks Dec 2002

Synthases, Joseph Chappell, Kathleen R. Manna, Joseph P. Noel, Courtney M. Starks

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Patents

Novel synthases and the corresponding nucleic acids encoding such synthases are disclosed herein. Such synthases possess an active site pocket that includes key amino acid residues that are modified to generate desired terpenoid reaction intermediates and products. Synthase modifications are designed based on, e.g., the three-dimensional coordinates of tobacco 5-epi-aristolochene synthase with or without a substrate bound in the active site.


Migrant Worker Dies In Tractor Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center Dec 2002

Migrant Worker Dies In Tractor Rollover, Kentucky Injury Prevention And Research Center

Fatality Case Reports--Tractors/Logging

On September 13, 2002, a 26 year-old male Hispanic migrant worker (decedent) died when the tractor he was driving on a country roadway overturned. The decedent had experience driving the tractor in a field, but did not have experience driving it on a public roadway. On the afternoon of the incident, the decedent drove the tractor, pulling a wagonload of tobacco, from the farm where it had been harvested to the tobacco barn one mile away. The road was hilly and had a sharp curve to the right at the bottom of the hill. As the decedent drove the tractor …


Screening At Worksite Applying The Framingham Heart Study Score., Paulo A. Lotufo Dec 2002

Screening At Worksite Applying The Framingham Heart Study Score., Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

The first evaluation of class of occupation and cardiovascular risk factors in a Brazilian sample of civil servants. 1) context: Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death in Brazil. The high-risk approach to cardiovascular risk factors by screening test at worksite is one possible strategy of prevention. 2) objective: to verify the impact of a risk factors screening according to occupational levels. 3) type of study: cross-sectional 4) setting: occupational division of University of Sao Paulo 5) participants: 6,587 employees aged 20 to 69 years-old classified according three occupational grades (non-skilled, both manual and non-manual jobs; technical; faculty). 6) …


Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Integration In B-Cell Lymphoma Identifies A Candidate Tumor Suppressor Gene On Human Chromosome 15q151, Julia Beatty, Anne Terry, Julie Macdonald, Elizabeth Gault, Stanley Cevario, Stephen J. O'Brien, Ewan Cameron, James C. Neil Dec 2002

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Integration In B-Cell Lymphoma Identifies A Candidate Tumor Suppressor Gene On Human Chromosome 15q151, Julia Beatty, Anne Terry, Julie Macdonald, Elizabeth Gault, Stanley Cevario, Stephen J. O'Brien, Ewan Cameron, James C. Neil

Biology Faculty Articles

Infection with immunosuppressive lentiviruses is associated with increased cancer risk,but most studies have implicated indirect mechanisms as the tumor cells generally lack integrated viral sequences.An exception wasfound in a B-cell lymphoma (Q254) where the tumor cells contained a single integrated feline immunodeficiency virus genome. Additional analysis now indicates that feline immunodeficiency virus integration in lymphoma Q254 resulted in promoter insertion and truncation of a conserved gene on feline chromosome B3, whereas the unaffected allele of the gene appeared to be transcriptionally down-regulated. The orthologous human gene (FLJ12973), is expressed ubiquitously and encodes a WD-repeat protein with structural similarity …


Dose-Response Effects Of Lithium On Spatial Memory In The Black Molly Fish., Thomas Kyle Creson Dec 2002

Dose-Response Effects Of Lithium On Spatial Memory In The Black Molly Fish., Thomas Kyle Creson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Lithium continues to be widely prescribed for the management of bipolar disease, yet cognitive impairment-related side effects promote noncompliance of the treatment regimen. We have introduced a novel animal model, the black molly fish, to study dose-response effects of lithium on short-term (STM) and long-term (LTM) memories. We developed a method utilizing capillary ion analysis (CIA), to measure plasma and brain lithium levels employed in our behavioral studies. We then developed an appropriate testing environment to ascertain learning capacities of these fish. We established that black mollies could adequately perform a forced-choice spontaneous alternation (SA) task used extensively in rodents …


Activation Of Ca2+-Activated K+ Channels And Cell Migration By Hepatocyte Growth Factor/Scatter Factor In Madin-Darby Canine Kidney Cells., Min Jin Dec 2002

Activation Of Ca2+-Activated K+ Channels And Cell Migration By Hepatocyte Growth Factor/Scatter Factor In Madin-Darby Canine Kidney Cells., Min Jin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Hepatocyte Growth Factor/Scatter Factor (HGF/SF) stimulates migration of various cells and has been linked via Met tyrosine kinase signaling to transformation and the metastatic phenotype. HGF/SF-Met signaling also plays a role in malignancy. Migration of transformed MDCK-F cells depends on activation of a charybdotoxin (ChTX)-sensitive, volume-activated membrane K+ current. Patch-clamp electrophysiology and transwell migration assays were used to study the effects of HGF/SF on membrane K+ currents and cell migration in MDCK II cells. HGF/SF activated membrane K+ currents that increased over 24 hr, and these could be modulated by altering intracellular free calcium concentration [Ca2+ …


What Is Your Diagnosis?, Pranee Tuntivanich Dec 2002

What Is Your Diagnosis?, Pranee Tuntivanich

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

No abstract provided.


Ultrasound Diagnosis, Phiwipha Kamonrat Dec 2002

Ultrasound Diagnosis, Phiwipha Kamonrat

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

No abstract provided.


Ecg Quiz, Chollada Buranakarl, Kris Angkanaporn, Sumpun Thammacharoen Dec 2002

Ecg Quiz, Chollada Buranakarl, Kris Angkanaporn, Sumpun Thammacharoen

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

No abstract provided.


R&D Is How Best Companies Stay That Way, Rick Burton Dec 2002

R&D Is How Best Companies Stay That Way, Rick Burton

Sport Management - All Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Pituitary Adenoma In A Horse: A Case Report, Nopadon Pirarat, Kohsaku Chijiwa, Pattama Ritruechai, Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Komkrich Teankum, Wijit Banlunara, Anudep Rungsipipat, Boonmee Sunyasutjaree Dec 2002

Pituitary Adenoma In A Horse: A Case Report, Nopadon Pirarat, Kohsaku Chijiwa, Pattama Ritruechai, Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Komkrich Teankum, Wijit Banlunara, Anudep Rungsipipat, Boonmee Sunyasutjaree

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

A female, grey, 24-year-old horse was showing clinical signs of weight loss, ataxia, hersutism, high fever, dysuria, nasal discharge and moist rale lung sounds. Gross examination revealed a single, white, firm, pituitary mass with a diameter 2.5 x 2.1 x 1.5 cm, compressed and overlying the hypothalamus. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations revealed the characteristic of a ACTH-derived pituitary adenoma.


A Retrospective Immunohistochemistry Study On Feline Panleukopenia Virus, Induced Enteritis, In Cats, Nopadon Pirarat, Theerayuth Kaewamatawong, Somporn Techangamsuwan Dec 2002

A Retrospective Immunohistochemistry Study On Feline Panleukopenia Virus, Induced Enteritis, In Cats, Nopadon Pirarat, Theerayuth Kaewamatawong, Somporn Techangamsuwan

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The retrospective study of 30 cases records using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded intestines, from Feline Panleukopenia (FPL) infected cats using histopathological criteria as seen by the Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Chulalongkorn University between 1997-2001, was undertaken. The objective of the study was to examine FPLV infection in feline intestines showing characteristic lesions of parvovirus enteritis and to describe the relationship between the intestinal microscopic lesions of FPL in affected cats, with the location of FPL antigens, using immunohistochemical methods. The most striking histological lesions were villous atrophy and epithelial cell necrosis 96.67%. The lumen of crypts were often greatly …


The Invasion Of Guppy Skin By Tetrahymena Spp. After Induced Injuries, Aranya Ponpornpisit, Makoto Endo Dec 2002

The Invasion Of Guppy Skin By Tetrahymena Spp. After Induced Injuries, Aranya Ponpornpisit, Makoto Endo

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

A study was carried out on the invasion of Guppy skin by Tetrahymena spp. after various types of skin injury. Three types of skin injuries, scale removal, brush scratching and acetic acid irritation were performed. Tetrahymena spp. only the acetic acid irritation method allowed to invade the damaged skin. Guppy skin using this method, the fish caudal fin was covered with a 10%, acetic acid soaked, cotton strip for three minutes and exposed to water containing Tetrahymena spp. for 24 hours. Successful invasion used 100 Tetrahymena spp. cells/ml. in the water, at 25oC and a pH of 7.0-8.0. Histopathological examination …


Salmonella Spp., Coliforms And Total Bacterial Counts From Cultured Abalones, Perasut Pianpijit, Suksan Juhong, Nattakan Tun, Channarong Rodkum, Janenuj Wongtavatchai Dec 2002

Salmonella Spp., Coliforms And Total Bacterial Counts From Cultured Abalones, Perasut Pianpijit, Suksan Juhong, Nattakan Tun, Channarong Rodkum, Janenuj Wongtavatchai

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The first commercial farm in Thailand to culture Abalone was studied to approve sanitation and food safety. Water quality and bacterial contamination criteria in both water from culturerelated sources and Abalone prior to marketing was examined. The water quality and bacteria found in the water samples (total aerobic plate, Vibrio count and MPN total coliforms) indicated the culturing practices adhere to the standards for shellfish sanitation. Total coliforms and other bacteria found in the Abalone samples also complied with microbiological guidelines for seafood products. The study details good farm manufacturing practices which can assure the food safety of Abalone. Further …


The Determination Of Serum Copper And Zinc Concentrations In Thoroughbred Foals And Their Dams After Parturition, Achara Tawatsin, Panumas Ruantongdee, Prachak Poomvises Dec 2002

The Determination Of Serum Copper And Zinc Concentrations In Thoroughbred Foals And Their Dams After Parturition, Achara Tawatsin, Panumas Ruantongdee, Prachak Poomvises

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Serum copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations in 5-35 thoroughbred foals and their dams during first 24 weeks after parturition were determined. Mean serum Cu in foals increased significantly (p < 0.01) with age, from 10.4±1.1 μmol/l at week 1 to 25.9±0.8 μmol/l at week 24, whereas those in mares decreased significantly p < 0.05, from 26.2±1.3 μmol/l at week 1 to 22.0±0.5 μmol/l at week 24 after parturition. There was a large negative correlation between the mean serum Cu concentrations in foals and their dams (r = -0.86, p < 0.01). Serum Zn concentrations in both foals and mares on the other hand, gradually decreased after parturition, ranging from and 17.7±0.3 μmol/l at week-1 to 13.8±0.5 μmol/l at week 24, in foals and from 16.2±1.2 μmol/l at week 1 to 14.4±0.5 μmol/l at week 24 in mares. The correlation coefficient between the mean serum Zn concentrations in foals and their mares was high (r = 0.895, p < 0.01).


Treatment Of Chicken Caecal Coccidiosis With Sulfamonomethoxine In A Trial Conducted In A Battery House, Nopadon Pirarat, Autthapon Suntharathonpiphut, Kridtasak Sang-Gassanee, Anuchittada Sirisriro, Komkrich Teankum, Manop Muangyai Dec 2002

Treatment Of Chicken Caecal Coccidiosis With Sulfamonomethoxine In A Trial Conducted In A Battery House, Nopadon Pirarat, Autthapon Suntharathonpiphut, Kridtasak Sang-Gassanee, Anuchittada Sirisriro, Komkrich Teankum, Manop Muangyai

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The treatment of chicken caecal coccidiosis with sulfamonomethoxine, at a concentration of 0.05 % in drinking water for 3 days, was performed on different days post oocyst inoculation.162 chickens were divided into 6 groups, 3 cages per group with 9 chicken each group. Chickens in groups 1-5 obtained 7x104 oocysts of Eimeria tenella, via a stomach tube. Chickens in group 1, 2 and 3 were treated on days 1-3, 2-4 and 3-5 post inoculation respectively. Group 4, a control group was infected but unmedicated. Group 5 was uninfected and unmedicated and group 6 was studied for drug toxicity observation. The …


Sommerville, Bonnie Interview For The Miami Valley College Of Nursing And Health Oral History Project, Donna M. Curry, Carol Holdcraft, Bonnie Sommerville Dec 2002

Sommerville, Bonnie Interview For The Miami Valley College Of Nursing And Health Oral History Project, Donna M. Curry, Carol Holdcraft, Bonnie Sommerville

Wright State University - Miami Valley College of Nursing and Health Oral History Project

Carol Holdcraft and Donna Miles Curry interviewed Bonnie Sommerville on December 3, 2002 about the founding of Wright State University College of Nursing and Health. In the interview, Sommerville discusses her career and her decision to come to Wright State as a student and faculty member for the College of Nursing and Health.


Abalone Cultivation In Thailand: A Case Study, Nattakan Tun, Perasut Pianpijit, Suksan Juhong, Channarong Rodkum, Janenuj Wongtavatchai Dec 2002

Abalone Cultivation In Thailand: A Case Study, Nattakan Tun, Perasut Pianpijit, Suksan Juhong, Channarong Rodkum, Janenuj Wongtavatchai

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

Abalone are high cost seafoods regarded as delicacy. The decline of world abalone fishery has initiated the development of cultured abalone production in some countries. Thailand possesses geographical areas which are suitable for abalone habitats and the commercial abalone farming is currently promoted by the government. Commercial fishery for abalone in Thailand are presently unfamiliarity of their biology. This report describes the basis biology of abalone, development of abalone culture in tropical regions; selection and management of broodstock, in tank spawning, rearing of larvae through grow-out culture of advanced juveniles, to meet the requirement of consumers' seafood standard.


Seminal Plasma: Its Function And Importance For Pig Artificial Insemination, Kampon Kaeoket, Padet Tummaruk Dec 2002

Seminal Plasma: Its Function And Importance For Pig Artificial Insemination, Kampon Kaeoket, Padet Tummaruk

The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine

The objective of this review is to update information concerning the function of seminal plasma on the pig reproductive system, as well as its importance in artificial insemination (AI). It has been shown that seminal plasma advances ovulation in gilts by an average time of 10-14 hours, improves sperm motility, sustaines sperm viability during uterine transport, suppresses immune activities (chemotaxis of neutrophils), improved sperm transport, improves fertilisation rate, improves litter size in gilts and indirectly enhances fertility. The hormone estrogen, within the seminal plasma, causes a release of prostaglandins from the pigs endometrium to the utero-ovarian veins and lymphatic vessels. …


Satisfaction Of Orthognathic Surgical Patients In A Malaysian Population, K. K. Siow, S. T. Ong, C. B. Lian, W.C. Ngeow Dec 2002

Satisfaction Of Orthognathic Surgical Patients In A Malaysian Population, K. K. Siow, S. T. Ong, C. B. Lian, W.C. Ngeow

Wei Cheong Ngeow

Thirty-one patients treated at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, were assessed for their satisfaction following orthognathic surgery. The female to male ratio was 22:9 with an age range of 17 to 36. Almost all patients (97%) listed appearance as one of their rationales for surgery. More males (78%) than females (59%) wanted functional improvement, while more females (91%) than males (33%) hoped for improvement in self-confidence. All patients reported esthetic improvement while 68% each reported improvement in mastication and self-confidence. Slightly more than half (52%) chose esthetic improvement as the single most important factor resulting in satisfaction. Almost …


Orthognathic Surgery In The University Of Malaya, W.C. Ngeow, S. T. Ong, K. K. Siow, C. B. Ian Dec 2002

Orthognathic Surgery In The University Of Malaya, W.C. Ngeow, S. T. Ong, K. K. Siow, C. B. Ian

Wei Cheong Ngeow

This is the first review on orthognathic surgery in Malaysia. The records of a total of 84 patients seen between 1977 and 1999 in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya were analysed. Skeletal III deformity formed 85% of the sample with a female dominance of 2 to 1. The patients' age ranged from 17 to 36 years, with a mean of 25.3 years. The common surgical techniques used were combined bilateral sagittal split and Le Fort I osteotomy. The predominant ethnic group was Chinese (n=58, 69%); followed by Malay (n=14, 17%) …


Predicting The Readability Of Transparent Text, Lauren F. V. Scharff, Albert J. Ahumada Jr. Dec 2002

Predicting The Readability Of Transparent Text, Lauren F. V. Scharff, Albert J. Ahumada Jr.

Faculty Publications

Will a simple global masking model based on image detection be successful at predicting the readability of transparent text? Text readability was measured for two types of transparent text: additive (as occurs in head-up displays) and multiplicative (which occurs in see-through liquid crystal display virtual reality displays). Text contrast and background texture were manipulated. Data from two previous experiments were also included (one using very low contrasts on plain backgrounds, and the other using higher-contrast opaque text on both plain and textured backgrounds). All variables influenced readability in at least an interactive manner. When there were background textures, the global …


Rac-1 And Iqgap Are Potential Regulators Of E-Cadherin-Catenin Interactions During Murine Preimplantation Development., David R Natale, Andrew J Watson Dec 2002

Rac-1 And Iqgap Are Potential Regulators Of E-Cadherin-Catenin Interactions During Murine Preimplantation Development., David R Natale, Andrew J Watson

Obstetrics & Gynaecology Publications

Adherens junction formation is fundamental for compaction and trophectoderm differentiation during mammalian preimplantation development. We recently isolated an IQGAP-2 cDNA from a differential display-polymerase chain reaction screen of bovine preimplantation developmental stages. IQGAP-1 and -2 proteins mediate E-cadherin-based cell-to-cell adhesion through interactions with beta-catenin and the Rho GTPases, rac1 and cdc42. Our study demonstrates IQGAP-1,-2, rac-1 and cdc42 mRNAs are present throughout murine preimplantation development. IQGAP-1 and rac-1 protein distribution changes from predominantly plasma membrane associated to predominantly cytoplasmic as the embryo progresses through cleavage divisions and compaction to the blastocyst stage.


Influence Of Moderate Training On Gait And Work Capacity In Fibromyalgia Patients: A Preliminary Field Study, Peter Tiidus, Michael Pierrynowski, Kimberley A. Dawson Dec 2002

Influence Of Moderate Training On Gait And Work Capacity In Fibromyalgia Patients: A Preliminary Field Study, Peter Tiidus, Michael Pierrynowski, Kimberley A. Dawson

Kinesiology and Physical Education Faculty Publications

This field study examined the influence of moderate intensity training on gait patterns and work capacity of individauls with fibromyalgia syndrome (FS). FS is a chronic condition of unknown etiology, characterized by muscle tenderness, pain and stiffness and often accompanied by depression and fatigue which seems to occur primarily in middle aged females. There is no known cure for FS but treatment often includes a prescription of mild exercise. Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of mild exercise on work capacity and gait patterns in FS patients. Participants were 14 females (age 47.0±7.6 y) who participated in a 10 wk …


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 52, Number 1, December 2002 Dec 2002

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 52, Number 1, December 2002

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 52, Number 1, December 2002 Dean's Column by Dean Thomas J. Nasca ’75, page 4 New Chairman of Medicine Art Feldman, page 6 Rao, Buchheit, Siegman, Wender Are Appointed Chairs, page 9 Emergency Medicine Is Made a Department, page 11 Hospital Is Named as the Best in Philadelphia, page 11 Technology Transfer in the 21st Century, page 12 In Kenya, Jeff Students Reach the Underserved, page 14 African Americans' Satisfaction with Medical Careers, page 15 Ana Maria Lopez '88: Reaching Out via Telemedicine, page 22 New Consolidation Rates for Student Borrowers, page 23 Monica Morrow …