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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Infographic: Equity Opportunities: Income: Need For Dental Care Among Third Grade Students In North Dakota, Shawnda Schroeder Jan 2024

Infographic: Equity Opportunities: Income: Need For Dental Care Among Third Grade Students In North Dakota, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

We have third grade students in North Dakota whose dental care needs are not being met. Programs, providers, and initiatives need to focus on providing equal access to preventive dental care supplies and educational resources to support good dental hygiene. Children attending schools where more than 50% of the students are eligible for the national school lunch program (NSLP) have a significantly higher need for early or urgent dental care and a higher rate of rampant decay compared to those attending schools with less than 50% of students eligible for the NSLP


Infographic: Oral Health Of North Dakota’S Third Grade Students: Comparing To National Trends, Shawnda Schroeder Jan 2024

Infographic: Oral Health Of North Dakota’S Third Grade Students: Comparing To National Trends, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Infographic: Equity Opportunities: Race And Ethnicity: Need For Dental Care Among Third Grade Students In North Dakota, Shawnda Schroeder Jan 2024

Infographic: Equity Opportunities: Race And Ethnicity: Need For Dental Care Among Third Grade Students In North Dakota, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

Third grade students who are American Indian or Black/African American have a significantly higher need for early or urgent dental care than those who are non-Hispanic white. Those who are American Indian or Hispanic/Latinx have a significantly higher rate of rampant decay than those who are non-Hispanic white.


Infographic: How Well Do North Dakota Third-Grade Students Take Care Of Their Teeth?, Shawnda Schroeder Jan 2024

Infographic: How Well Do North Dakota Third-Grade Students Take Care Of Their Teeth?, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

93% of the third-grade students had visited the dentist at least once in their life. Children who report never seeing a dentist have a significantly higher need for urgent dental care.


Infographic: Progress In Oral Health Care And Dental Hygiene Among North Dakota Third Grade Students: 2014-2022, Shawnda Schroeder Jan 2024

Infographic: Progress In Oral Health Care And Dental Hygiene Among North Dakota Third Grade Students: 2014-2022, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

More than half of the third-grade students in North Dakota had dental sealants on their back teeth in the most recent school year.


Emergency Department And Dental Clinic Perceptions Of Appropriate, And Preventable, Use Of The Ed For Non-Traumatic Dental Conditions In Hot-Spot Counties: A Mixed Methods Study, Shawnda Schroeder, Judy Beck, Nick Medalen, Anastasia Stepanov Jan 2024

Emergency Department And Dental Clinic Perceptions Of Appropriate, And Preventable, Use Of The Ed For Non-Traumatic Dental Conditions In Hot-Spot Counties: A Mixed Methods Study, Shawnda Schroeder, Judy Beck, Nick Medalen, Anastasia Stepanov

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

Objectives:Frequency of emergency department (ED) use for nontraumatic dental conditions (NTDC) is a well-researched community health concern. However, research predominately relies on ambulatory ED discharge records. This explanatory sequential mixed methods study reviewed NTDC ED use in hot-spot counties and assessed perceptions around preventable and appropriate use among EDs and dental clinics.

Methods:Tooth pain data (2015-2021) were drawn from State Medicaid, and the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE). NTDC data were compiled using International Classification of Disease, Ninth and Tenth Revisions. Employing extreme case sampling, providers in counties with the highest per-capita NTDC ED use were interviewed.

Results:North Dakota …


Report: Evaluation Of Seal!Nd: School Year 2022-2023, Shawnda Schroeder, Jordan Jaeger Jan 2024

Report: Evaluation Of Seal!Nd: School Year 2022-2023, Shawnda Schroeder, Jordan Jaeger

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

The North Dakota school-based sealant program (SEAL!ND) prioritizes providing preventive oral health care to underserved students by targeting schools with 45% or greater of their students enrolled in the free and reduced fee school lunch program (these are considered qualifying schools). Although schools with a larger proportion of youth who are from lower-income households are prioritized by federal funding, additional schools participate and receive care from local dental providers (these are referred to as non-qualifying). During the 2022-23 school year, 58 schools participated in SEAL!ND; 40 qualifying schools (Q) and 18 non-qualifying (NQ); 55 of the 58 schools had two …


Generative Ai In Medical Laboratory Science, Shannon Jongeward Oct 2023

Generative Ai In Medical Laboratory Science, Shannon Jongeward

AI Assignment Library

This assignment is part of MLS 339 Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice. Students are introduced to Generative AI concepts, including ChatGPT, and then complete a related assignment. To complete the assignment, students generate a simple essay using ChatGPT and analyze the passage generated.


Transformed Writing: Ai Applications, Brooke Solberg Oct 2023

Transformed Writing: Ai Applications, Brooke Solberg

AI Assignment Library

In this assignment, students assess a ChatGPT output as compared to a scholarly outline they have generated on the topic. The assessment includes analysis of accuracy, relevance, and missing or excessive information. Students then utilize their assessment, along with their scholarly outline, to formulate a new scholarly output that is in their own words and properly sourced.


A & P Informational Literacy, Amanda Haage Sep 2023

A & P Informational Literacy, Amanda Haage

AI Assignment Library

The purpose of this project is for undergraduate pre-health students to think critically about the health information available to the public and their future communication with patients. Students will pick a piece of media - news article, blog post, social media meme, YouTube or TikTok video, etc. - that is aimed at the general public that makes some claim about human health. This is open ended on purpose, so students should do some searching and are encouraged to follow their interests or track down something related to health advice they heard recently or chose something that has come across their …


Promoting Personal Agency In Nursing Students' Ability To Evaluate Evidence, Kaitlyn Kelly Sep 2023

Promoting Personal Agency In Nursing Students' Ability To Evaluate Evidence, Kaitlyn Kelly

AI Assignment Library

In NURS450: Transition to Practice Seminar, the senior capstone for graduating nursing students and an essential studies class focused on information literacy, we examine research studies with a CASP Programme checklist, which helps students understand the validity and applicability of published research to their patient populations. In this assignment AI, specifically ChatGPT, is used to generate a fictional randomized controlled trial. Students are guided through the checklist and a group discussion on whether that study meets the requirements to be considered valid and applicable to a local population (with the assumption that the study was real). The purpose is to …


Public Health Ai Assignment, Amber Lyon-Colbert Sep 2023

Public Health Ai Assignment, Amber Lyon-Colbert

AI Assignment Library

This assignment utilizes course foundational knowledge: Explain the social, political and economic determinants of health and how they contribute to population health and health inequities. This assignment addresses and strengthens our CEPH Competency #5 D2-11 Select methods to evaluate public health programs.


Leadership Paper, Raquel Zeidlik Sep 2023

Leadership Paper, Raquel Zeidlik

AI Assignment Library

The purpose of this formal paper is to explore effective nursing leadership characteristics. This essay will examine the leadership role of a nurse. Using evidence and supporting literature, the student will demonstrate their understanding of nursing leadership characteristics and skills and how they apply to clinical practice.


Hla-Ii-Dependent Neuroimmune Changes In Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing Fasciitis, Ganesh Ambigapathy, Santhosh Mukundan, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs, Colin Combs, Suba Nookala Sep 2023

Hla-Ii-Dependent Neuroimmune Changes In Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing Fasciitis, Ganesh Ambigapathy, Santhosh Mukundan, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs, Colin Combs, Suba Nookala

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus, GAS) bacteria cause a spectrum of human diseases ranging from self-limiting pharyngitis and mild, uncomplicated skin infections (impetigo, erysipelas, and cellulitis) to highly morbid and rapidly invasive, life-threatening infections such as streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and necrotizing fasciitis (NF). HLA class II allelic polymorphisms are linked with differential outcomes and severity of GAS infections. The dysregulated immune response and peripheral cytokine storm elicited due to invasive GAS infections increase the risk for toxic shock and multiple organ failure in genetically susceptible individuals. We hypothesized that, while the host immune mediators regulate the immune responses against …


Asymptomatic Sensitization To A Cow's Milk Protein Induces Sustained Neuroinflammation And Behavioral Changes With Chronic Allergen Exposure, Afrina Brishti, Danielle L. Germundson-Hermanson, Nicholas Smith, Angela E. Kearney, Yassmine Warda, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs Sep 2023

Asymptomatic Sensitization To A Cow's Milk Protein Induces Sustained Neuroinflammation And Behavioral Changes With Chronic Allergen Exposure, Afrina Brishti, Danielle L. Germundson-Hermanson, Nicholas Smith, Angela E. Kearney, Yassmine Warda, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

Mouse models of food allergy have contributed to our understanding of various aspects of the disease, including susceptibilities, symptom spectra, cellular mechanisms, and therapeutic approaches. Previously, we used a mouse model of non-anaphylactic cow’s milk allergy (CMA) and investigated sex- and strain-dependent differences in immunological, neurological, and behavioral sequelae. We showed that male C57BL/6J mice sensitized to a bovine whey protein, β-lactoglobulin (BLG; Bos d 5), exhibited anxiety- and depression-like behavior upon acute allergen challenge. Systemic levels of BLG-specific immunoglobulins, cytokines and chemokines were also elevated in the sensitized mice. Furthermore, neuroinflammation and intestinal dysbiosis were evident as the possible …


Hla-Ii Alleles Influence Physical And Behavioral Responses To A Whey Allergen In A Transgenic Mouse Model Of Cow's Milk Allergy, Danielle L. Germundson, Suba Nookala, Nicholas A. Smith, Yassmine Warda, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs Sep 2023

Hla-Ii Alleles Influence Physical And Behavioral Responses To A Whey Allergen In A Transgenic Mouse Model Of Cow's Milk Allergy, Danielle L. Germundson, Suba Nookala, Nicholas A. Smith, Yassmine Warda, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

The symptoms of food allergies vary significantly between individuals, likely due to genetic determinants. In humans, allergy development is initiated by antigen-presenting cells via class II human leukocyte antigen (HLA-II). The HLA-II gene is highly polymorphic, and its allelic variance is thought to influence the susceptibility of individuals to a particular allergen. However, whether antigen presentation by different HLA-II variants contributes to symptom variation is not clear. We hypothesized that HLA-II allelic variance affects symptom phenotypes, including immediate physical reactions and delayed behavioral changes, in individuals with food hypersensitivity. To test our hypothesis, male and female mice of three transgenic …


Sex-Dependent Effects Of Intestinal Microbiome Manipulation In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Harpreet Kaur, Suba Nookala, Surjeet Singh, Santhosh Mukundan, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs, Colin K. Combs Sep 2023

Sex-Dependent Effects Of Intestinal Microbiome Manipulation In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer’S Disease, Harpreet Kaur, Suba Nookala, Surjeet Singh, Santhosh Mukundan, Kumi Nagamoto-Combs, Colin K. Combs

Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications

Mechanisms linking intestinal bacteria and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are still unclear. We hypothesized that intestinal dysbiosis might potentiate AD, and manipulating the microbiome to promote intestinal eubiosis and immune homeostasis may improve AD-related brain changes. This study assessed sex differences in the effects of oral probiotic, antibiotics, and synbiotic treatments in the AppNL-G-F mouse model of AD. The fecal microbiome demonstrated significant correlations between bacterial genera in AppNL-G-F mice and Aβ plaque load, gliosis, and memory performance. Female and not male AppNL-G-F mice fed probiotic but not synbiotic exhibited a decrease in Aβ plaques, microgliosis, brain …


Simtutor Module: Antibodies, Heather Gilbert Sep 2023

Simtutor Module: Antibodies, Heather Gilbert

Teaching, Learning, and Scholarship (TLAS) Academy Projects

Antibody simulation module developed for use in MLS 226: Introduction to Clinical Immunology and Molecular Diagnostics. The module was designed to reinforce lecture material and was developed utilizing SimTutor software.

Learning outcomes:

  1. Define antibody.
  2. Differentiate between innate and adaptive immunity.
  3. Differentiate between cellular and humoral immunity.
  4. Describe the four pathways of antibody acquisition.
  5. Identify the three functions of an antibody.
  6. Identify and describe the structure of an antibody including the following components and regions: light chain, heavy chain, constant region, variable region, Fc Fragment, Fab Fragment, and hinge region.
  7. List the antibody classes and their key features.
  8. Differentiate between the …


Dental Student Report: Rotations At A Federally Qualified Health Center In North Dakota, Jordan Jaeger, Shawnda Schroeder Sep 2023

Dental Student Report: Rotations At A Federally Qualified Health Center In North Dakota, Jordan Jaeger, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

North Dakota has no dental school to encourage student enrollment. Recognizing the need to address dental workforce shortages, and barriers to recruiting new dental professionals to the state, the North Dakota Department of Health & Human Services Oral Health Program (OHP) and the North Dakota Area Health Education Center financially support dental rotations at one Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) in North Dakota: Spectra Health


Doctor Of Nursing Practice Transformative Leadership Ai Assignment, Elizabeth Gotay Aug 2023

Doctor Of Nursing Practice Transformative Leadership Ai Assignment, Elizabeth Gotay

AI Assignment Library

Assignment Overview: In this assignment, students will delve into the complex realm of transformative leadership in nursing practice through a comprehensive case study analysis. Students will examine real-world scenarios and apply their knowledge of leadership theories, ethical considerations, and advanced nursing concepts to critically analyze the role of transformative leadership in achieving positive patient outcomes and fostering organizational change.


Using Ai For Diagnosis And Treatment Plan, Andrea Guthridge Aug 2023

Using Ai For Diagnosis And Treatment Plan, Andrea Guthridge

AI Assignment Library

This assignment is to be used for Undergraduate Medical Education Training to consider the role of AI by patients and aspiring physicians. Students will comparing and contrast three self-diagnostic tools WebMD, ChatGPT, and Bard with a case study to determine a diagnosis and treatment plan. Additionally, students will consider concerns, benefits, privacy and accuracy, and how this will impact their practice as physicians.


Partner Discussion Using An Ehr And Chatgpt, Anne Bodensteiner Aug 2023

Partner Discussion Using An Ehr And Chatgpt, Anne Bodensteiner

AI Assignment Library

This assignment requires students to complete a worksheet using a simulated EHR (which is a subscription software purchase) and meet with a partner to discuss AI in nutrition care and compare their results to the worksheet with answers they get from ChatGPT.


Report: Evaluation Of Seal!Nd: School Year 2021-2022: North Dakota Department Of Health Oral Health Program’S School-Based Dental Sealant Program, Shawnda Schroeder, Tonya Connor May 2023

Report: Evaluation Of Seal!Nd: School Year 2021-2022: North Dakota Department Of Health Oral Health Program’S School-Based Dental Sealant Program, Shawnda Schroeder, Tonya Connor

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

The North Dakota Department of Health (DoH)a Oral Health Program (OHP)b has established a school-based dental sealant program, (SEAL!ND)c , which has been providing dental sealants, fluoride varnish applications, oral health education and dental screenings and referrals for students throughout North Dakota dating back to 2012. All services occur in the school during school hours. School-based sealant programs are a highly effective way to deliver preventive oral health services and dental sealants to children less likely to receive private dental care. The SEAL!ND program prioritizes providing preventive oral health care to low-income and underserved students by targeting schools with 45% …


The Role Of Rural And Urban Geography And Gender In Community Stigma Around Mental Illness, Shawnda Schroeder, Chih Ming Tan, Brian Urlacher, Thomasine Heitkamp May 2023

The Role Of Rural And Urban Geography And Gender In Community Stigma Around Mental Illness, Shawnda Schroeder, Chih Ming Tan, Brian Urlacher, Thomasine Heitkamp

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

Empirical evidence describes the negative outcomes people with mental health disorders experience due to societal stigma. The aim of this study was to examine the role of gender and rural/urban living in perceptions about mental illness. Participants completed the Day’s Mental Illness Stigma Scale, a nationally validated instrument for measuring stigma. Directors of Chambers of Commerce in North Dakota distributed the electronic survey to their members. Additionally, distribution occurred through use of social media and other snowball sampling approaches. Analysis of data gathered from 749 participants occurred through examination of the difference in perceptions based on geography and gender. The …


Rural Mental Health Care During A Global Health Pandemic: Addressing And Supporting The Rapid Transition To Tele-Mental Health, Shawnda Schroeder, Holly Roberts, Thomasine Heitkamp, Brandy Clarke, Heather J. Gotham, Erika Franta May 2023

Rural Mental Health Care During A Global Health Pandemic: Addressing And Supporting The Rapid Transition To Tele-Mental Health, Shawnda Schroeder, Holly Roberts, Thomasine Heitkamp, Brandy Clarke, Heather J. Gotham, Erika Franta

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

The adoption of tele-mental health by mental health professionals has been slow, especially in rural areas. Prior to 2020, less than half of mental health agencies offered tele-mental health for patients. In response to the global health pandemic in March of 2020, mental health therapists across the U.S. were challenged to make the rapid shift to tele-mental health to provide patient care. Given the lack of adoption of tele-mental health previously, immediate training in tele-mental health was needed. This article describes collaborative efforts between two mental health technology transfer centers and one addiction technology transfer center in rural regions of …


The Relationship Between Diabetes And Oral Health Status, And Dental Visits Among American Indian, Alaska Native, And Native Hawaiian Elders, Shawnda Schroeder, Collette Adamsen, Robin Besse May 2023

The Relationship Between Diabetes And Oral Health Status, And Dental Visits Among American Indian, Alaska Native, And Native Hawaiian Elders, Shawnda Schroeder, Collette Adamsen, Robin Besse

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

Background: American Indian (AI), Alaska Native (AN), and Native Hawaiian (NH) populations report higher rates of diabetes, poorer oral health, and fewer dental visits than their peers. The authors aimed to identify relationships between oral health and dental visits and diabetes diagnosis among AI, AN, and NH elders. Methods: Data were obtained from a national survey of AI, AN, and NH elders 55 years and older (April 2014-2017) and included 16,136 respondents. Frequencies and c2 tests were used to assess the relationship between oral health and dental visits, and diabetes. Results: Nearly one-half of the elders reported receiving a …


Toolkit: Healing Our Protectors: Building Resilience Among Tribal Law Enforcement Officers Through Cultural Interventions, Lavonne Fox, Leo Sr. Belgarde, Thomasine Heitkamp, Shawnda Schroeder May 2023

Toolkit: Healing Our Protectors: Building Resilience Among Tribal Law Enforcement Officers Through Cultural Interventions, Lavonne Fox, Leo Sr. Belgarde, Thomasine Heitkamp, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

Introduction: The U.S. and Native Americans have a government-to-government relationship. The result of 375 treaties, established laws and instituted policies promote Tribal sovereignty and are intended to support the general wellbeing Indigenous persons and protect their lands and resources. The Tribal sovereignty includes law enforcement. This resource is intended to provide a broad understanding of the challenges both Tribal and Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) law enforcement officers face; many struggle dealing with the traumatic events they have experienced. We acknowledge that there is a scarcity of current information related to Tribal and BIA police officers’ mental health. This document …


Report: North Dakota Department Of Health Oral Health Program: Full Evaluation Of The Oral Health Program’S Activities Under Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (Cdc) Grant, State Actions To Improve Oral Health Outcomes, Shawnda Schroeder May 2023

Report: North Dakota Department Of Health Oral Health Program: Full Evaluation Of The Oral Health Program’S Activities Under Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (Cdc) Grant, State Actions To Improve Oral Health Outcomes, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

The Mission of the North Dakota Department of Health (ND DoH) Oral Health Program (OHP) is to improve the oral health of all North Dakotans through prevention and education. Funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) State Actions to Improve Oral Health Outcomes enables the OHP to implement oral health promotion and prevention activities that address targeted need within the state. Component one of the grant addresses oral health disparities by both maintaining the existing public health capacity among the OHP, and identifying, implementing, evaluating, and disseminating best practices for oral health promotion and disease prevention among …


Report: North Dakota Alzheimer’S And Dementia State Plan: Current Status Of, And Recommendations For, Meeting The Needs Of Individuals And Families With Alzheimer’S Disease And Other Dementias, Shawnda Schroeder, Rebecca Quinn, Laura Hand, Gretchen Dobervich May 2023

Report: North Dakota Alzheimer’S And Dementia State Plan: Current Status Of, And Recommendations For, Meeting The Needs Of Individuals And Families With Alzheimer’S Disease And Other Dementias, Shawnda Schroeder, Rebecca Quinn, Laura Hand, Gretchen Dobervich

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

North Dakota reports the fourth highest mortality rate for Alzheimer’s disease in the United States (U.S.) at 52.9 per 100,000 North Dakota residents. The rate for the U.S. is 37 per 100,000 residents. Although leading in mortality, North Dakota is one of a few states with a State Plan for Alzheimer’s and Dementia over 12 years old. This plan was written in July of 2007 and is less than two pages. Although it does mention Alzheimer’s and other other dementias, it does not specifically outline a plan to address services for those living with, or supporting those living with, dementia …


Toolkit: Strengthening Resilience: Promoting Positive School Mental Health Among Indigenous Youth, Lavonne Fox, Sarah Nielsen, Thomasine Heitkamp, Shawnda Schroeder May 2023

Toolkit: Strengthening Resilience: Promoting Positive School Mental Health Among Indigenous Youth, Lavonne Fox, Sarah Nielsen, Thomasine Heitkamp, Shawnda Schroeder

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

The purpose of this document is to provide tools for k-12 educators, administrators, and mental health treatment providers to better address the learning and behavioral health needs of Indigenous youth in a holistic manner. It is also a resource for faculty working in higher education to prepare future professionals, particularly those planning to work in tribal communities with children and youth. The focus of this document is on the resilience and well-being of Indigenous youth in a historical context. The historical review provides a greater understanding of the role of boarding schools, forced colonization, and assimilation resulting in cultural genocide …