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Effects Of Pulmonary Rehabilitation On Diaphragm Thickness And Contractility In Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Seçi̇lay Güneş, Aysun Genç, Yeşi̇m Kurtai̇ş, Fatma Çi̇ftci̇, Serhat Hayme, Akin Kaya Jan 2022

Effects Of Pulmonary Rehabilitation On Diaphragm Thickness And Contractility In Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Seçi̇lay Güneş, Aysun Genç, Yeşi̇m Kurtai̇ş, Fatma Çi̇ftci̇, Serhat Hayme, Akin Kaya

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Studies are showing that pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) increases diaphragmatic excursion by decreasing hyperinflation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, there is a lack of knowledge about its effects on the diaphragm thickness (dt) and contractility. This study aims to evaluate the dt and contractility before and after PR in patients with COPD. Materials and methods: All subjects participated in an out-patient PR of 6 weeks and 3 sessions per week prospectively. Dyspnea severity, the disease-specific quality of life (St. Georges Respiratory Questionnaire-SGRQ), pulmonary function tests (PFT), exercise capacity, the dt at the end of the expiration …


Oncometabolites In Urine-A New Opportunity For Detection And Prognosis Of The Clinical Progress Of Verified Prostate Cancer-A Pilot Study, Dimitar Delkov, Lyubka Yoanidu, Desislav Tomov, Rumyana Stoyanova, Ivan Dechev, Yordanka Uzunova Jan 2022

Oncometabolites In Urine-A New Opportunity For Detection And Prognosis Of The Clinical Progress Of Verified Prostate Cancer-A Pilot Study, Dimitar Delkov, Lyubka Yoanidu, Desislav Tomov, Rumyana Stoyanova, Ivan Dechev, Yordanka Uzunova

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Linguistic Validation Of A Widely Used Recovery Score: Quality Of Recovery-15 (Qor-15), Umut Kara, Fati̇h Şi̇mşek, Hasan Kamburoğlu, Mehmet Özgür Özhan, Ümi̇t Alakuş, Mehmet Emi̇n İnce, Sami̇ Eksert, Gökhan Özkan, Mehmet Burak Eşki̇n, Serkan Şenkal Jan 2022

Linguistic Validation Of A Widely Used Recovery Score: Quality Of Recovery-15 (Qor-15), Umut Kara, Fati̇h Şi̇mşek, Hasan Kamburoğlu, Mehmet Özgür Özhan, Ümi̇t Alakuş, Mehmet Emi̇n İnce, Sami̇ Eksert, Gökhan Özkan, Mehmet Burak Eşki̇n, Serkan Şenkal

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The quality of recovery-15 (QoR-15) is a patient reported outcome questionnaire that measures the quality of recovery after surgery and anesthesia. The QoR-15 has been validated in many languages; Turkish version of the QoR-15 has not yet been established. The aims of this study were to translate the QoR-15 questionnaire into Turkish and to perform a full psychometric evaluation of the Turkish version. Materials and methods: After translating the original English version of the QoR-15 scale into Turkish, the QoR-15T scale was psychometrically validated. This process included validity, reliability, responsiveness, feasibility. The QoR-15T was evaluated before the surgery and …


New Parameters On Prediction Of Severity Of Transient Tachypnea Of The Newborn, Yusuf Çeli̇k, Di̇lek Kahveci̇oğlu, İbrahi̇m Ece, Fati̇h Ati̇k, Aslihan Köse Çeti̇nkaya, Medi̇ne Ayşi̇n Taşar Jan 2022

New Parameters On Prediction Of Severity Of Transient Tachypnea Of The Newborn, Yusuf Çeli̇k, Di̇lek Kahveci̇oğlu, İbrahi̇m Ece, Fati̇h Ati̇k, Aslihan Köse Çeti̇nkaya, Medi̇ne Ayşi̇n Taşar

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a common clinical problem that often occurs in the first hours of life. Although it is considered to be a benign clinical course, some cases may have severe symptoms and require ventilation support. In this study, we aimed to determine the association between the mean platelet volume (MPV), nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs), right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), and the severity of TTN. Materials and methods: Patients with TTN were divided into two groups according to Silverman score (


The Survival Outcomes And Prognostic Factors Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Two-Centre Retrospective Cohort Study, Noor Atika Azit, Shahnorbanun Sahran, Voon Meng Leow, Manisekar K. Subramaniam, Suryati Mokhtar, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi Jan 2022

The Survival Outcomes And Prognostic Factors Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Two-Centre Retrospective Cohort Study, Noor Atika Azit, Shahnorbanun Sahran, Voon Meng Leow, Manisekar K. Subramaniam, Suryati Mokhtar, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To determine the survival outcomes and prognostic factors associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) survival in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective cohort study involving two hepatobiliary centres from January 1, 2012, to June 30, 2018. Medical records were analysed for sociodemographic, clinical characteristics, laboratory testing, and HCC treatment information. Survival outcomes were examined using the Kaplan?Meier and log-rank test. Prognostic factors were determined using multivariate Cox regression. Results: A total of 212 patients were included in the study. The median survival time was 22 months. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were …


Use Of Ultrasonography In Confirming The Malposition Of The I-Gel In Pediatric Patients: A Prospective Observational Study, Faruk Çi̇çekci̇, Mehmet Selçuk Uluer, Mehmet Sargin, Emi̇ne Aslanlar, İnci̇ Kara, Muslu Kazim Körez Jan 2022

Use Of Ultrasonography In Confirming The Malposition Of The I-Gel In Pediatric Patients: A Prospective Observational Study, Faruk Çi̇çekci̇, Mehmet Selçuk Uluer, Mehmet Sargin, Emi̇ne Aslanlar, İnci̇ Kara, Muslu Kazim Körez

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study was designed to observe and compare the performance of fiberoptic laryngeal (FOL) view, leakage test (LT) and ultrasonography (USG) usage in detecting i-gel position in pediatric patients. Materials and methods: One hundred ten consecutive children were included in this single-armed prospective observational study. After anesthetic induction, i-gel placement confirmed using FOL and LT was evaluated using USG in three planes. According to our scoring system, acceptable and unacceptable grades (FOL, LT and USG) were determined to describe placement. Sensitivity and specificity were determined by comparing USG performance with the other two tests. Results: Ultrasonography was found a …


The Impact Of Jak2v617f Mutation On Philadelphia-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Ezgi̇ Şahi̇n, İpek Yönal Hi̇ndi̇lerden, Fehmi̇ Hi̇ndi̇lerden, Aynur Aday, Meli̇ha Nalçaci Jan 2022

The Impact Of Jak2v617f Mutation On Philadelphia-Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Ezgi̇ Şahi̇n, İpek Yönal Hi̇ndi̇lerden, Fehmi̇ Hi̇ndi̇lerden, Aynur Aday, Meli̇ha Nalçaci

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: JAK2V617F mutation is expressed in almost all polycthemia vera (PV), 55% of essential thrombocythemia (ET), and 65% of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients. Studies investigating phenotypic effects of JAK2V617F mutation on Philadelphia- negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph-negative MPNs) have reported controversial results. This study aims to determine the impact of JAK2V617F mutation on clinical phenotype and outcome in Ph-negative MPNs. Materials and methods: Clinical correlates and long-term prognostic relevance of the JAK2V617F mutation were analyzed in 410 Ph- negative MPNs-170 ET, 135 PV, 105 PMF- from two institutions and followed for a mean of 76.7 months (SD 62.1) (mean 87 months …


The Role Of Leptin In Primary Sjögren Syndrome: A Clinical And Histopathologicalassessment Study, Mustafa Erdogan, Kayhan Basak, Mehmet Engin Tezcan Jan 2022

The Role Of Leptin In Primary Sjögren Syndrome: A Clinical And Histopathologicalassessment Study, Mustafa Erdogan, Kayhan Basak, Mehmet Engin Tezcan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

No abstract provided.


A Covid-19 First Evaluation Clinic At A University Hospital In Turkey, Gülçi̇n Telli̇ Di̇zman, Gökhan Metan, Çağlayan Merve Ayaz Ceylan, Hayri̇ye Altunay, Mertcan Uzun, Gamze Gürsoy, Zahi̇t Taş, Gi̇zem Karahan, Fari̇da Ahmadova, Tuğba Saricaoğlu, Zeynep Cansu Çalişkan, Alpaslan Alp, Meli̇ha Çağla Sönmezer, Ahmet Çağkan İnkaya, Ahmet Görkem Er Jan 2022

A Covid-19 First Evaluation Clinic At A University Hospital In Turkey, Gülçi̇n Telli̇ Di̇zman, Gökhan Metan, Çağlayan Merve Ayaz Ceylan, Hayri̇ye Altunay, Mertcan Uzun, Gamze Gürsoy, Zahi̇t Taş, Gi̇zem Karahan, Fari̇da Ahmadova, Tuğba Saricaoğlu, Zeynep Cansu Çalişkan, Alpaslan Alp, Meli̇ha Çağla Sönmezer, Ahmet Çağkan İnkaya, Ahmet Görkem Er

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: We aimed to analyze the usefulness of such a reserved area for the admission of the patients' symptoms suggesting COVID-19 and compare the demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients with COVID-19 and without COVID-19 who were admitted to C1 during the first month of the COVID-19 outbreak in our hospital. Materials and methods: A new area was set up in Hacettepe University Adult Hospital to limit the contact of COVID-19 suspicious patients with other patients, which was named as COVID-19 First Evaluation Outpatient Clinic (C1). C1 had eight isolation rooms and two sampling rooms for SARS-CoV-2 polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR). …


Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis In Systemic Sclerosis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease, Alper Sari, Ömer Önder, Berkan Armağan, Ertuğrul Çağri Bölek, Bayram Fari̇soğullari, Emre Bi̇lgi̇n, Gözde Kübra Yardimci, Orhan Maci̇t Ariyürek, Ali̇ Akdoğan Jan 2022

Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis In Systemic Sclerosis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease, Alper Sari, Ömer Önder, Berkan Armağan, Ertuğrul Çağri Bölek, Bayram Fari̇soğullari, Emre Bi̇lgi̇n, Gözde Kübra Yardimci, Orhan Maci̇t Ariyürek, Ali̇ Akdoğan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: To explore the frequency and clinical associations of radiologic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) in patients with systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). Materials and methods: In this single-center retrospective study, high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) images of 105 patients with SSc-ILD were examined for the presence of PPFE. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and pulmonary function test (PFT) data of patients with and without PPFE were compared. Results: PPFE was detected in 19 (18.1%) patients (`definite PPFE' in 13 and `consistent with PPFE' in 6 patients). Patients with PPFE had higher age and longer disease duration than PPFE (-) patients (p < 0.05 for both). Radiologic usual interstitial pneumoniae (UIP) pattern was more frequent (26.3% vs. 4.7%, p = 0.01) and median force vital capacity (FVC) was lower in patients with PPFE (64% vs. 82%, p = 0.005). Spontaneous pneumothorax developed in one patient with PPFE. More deaths occured in PPFE (+) group during follow-up (31% vs. 11%, p = 0.04). Conclusion: PPFE on HRCT is not uncommon in SSc-ILD and is associated with radiologic UIP pattern and worse lung functions. Further studies are needed to elucidate the prognostic value of PPFE in SSc-ILD.


A New Device For Bronchoscopy For Better Protection, Aslihan Gürün Kaya, Mi̇raç Öz, İnci̇fer Karnak Orhun, Serhat Erol, Aydin Çi̇ledağ, Demet Karnak, Akin Kaya Jan 2022

A New Device For Bronchoscopy For Better Protection, Aslihan Gürün Kaya, Mi̇raç Öz, İnci̇fer Karnak Orhun, Serhat Erol, Aydin Çi̇ledağ, Demet Karnak, Akin Kaya

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the risk of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 has not been precisely known in bronchoscopy procedures. We have designed a cabinet device called Ankara University Bronchoscopy Cabinet (Aubrocab® ) to protect healthcare. We aimed to evaluate preventing effect of Aubrocab® on aerosol spreading by measuring the particles in the bronchoscopy suite. Materials and methods: The patients were categorized into two groups as those who underwent bronchoscopy with and without Aubrocab® . We measured PM 0.5 levels before and after bronchoscopy in the bronchoscopy suite. Results: A total of 82 patients, 62 of whom underwent bronchoscopy with Aubrocab® …


Irisin Relaxes Rat Thoracic Aorta Through Inhibiting Signaling Pathways Implicatingprotein Kinase C, Sadetti̇n Demi̇rel, Serdar Şahi̇ntürk, Naci̇ye İşbi̇l, Fadil Özyener Jan 2022

Irisin Relaxes Rat Thoracic Aorta Through Inhibiting Signaling Pathways Implicatingprotein Kinase C, Sadetti̇n Demi̇rel, Serdar Şahi̇ntürk, Naci̇ye İşbi̇l, Fadil Özyener

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Irisin, a newly identified exercise-derived myokine, has been found involved in a peripheral vasodilator effect. However, little is known regarding the potential vascular activity of irisin, and the mechanisms underlying its effects on vascular smooth muscle have not been fully elucidated. This study was aimed to investigate the effects of irisin on vascular smooth muscle contractility in rat thoracic aorta, and the hypothesis that protein kinase C (PKC) may have a role in these effects. Materials and methods: Isometric contraction-relaxation responses of thoracic aorta rings were measured with an isolated organ bath model. The steady contraction was induced with …


Effect Of Perioperative Factors On The Prognosis Of Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Who Underwent Hepatectomy, Lining Xu, Yingying Xu, Guiping Li, Bo Yang Jan 2022

Effect Of Perioperative Factors On The Prognosis Of Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Who Underwent Hepatectomy, Lining Xu, Yingying Xu, Guiping Li, Bo Yang

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Hepatic resection is a potentially curative treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Controversy persists regarding preoperative and intraoperative characteristics related to patient survival in various medical institutes. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of preoperative and intraoperative factors on the long-term survival of patients with HCC who underwent hepatectomy. Materials and methods: Data on 455 patients with HCC who underwent hepatectomy over a 20-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed for preoperative- and intraoperative-related prognostic factors. Results: The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall survival rates of patients with HCC who …


Factors Associated With Treatment Success After Combined Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection And Dorsal Root Ganglion Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment In Patients With Chronic Lumbar Radicular Pain, Gülçi̇n Gazi̇oğlu Türkyilmaz Jan 2022

Factors Associated With Treatment Success After Combined Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection And Dorsal Root Ganglion Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment In Patients With Chronic Lumbar Radicular Pain, Gülçi̇n Gazi̇oğlu Türkyilmaz

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: The aim of the study is to identify predictors of treatment success with combined transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) and dorsal root ganglion pulsed radiofrequency (DRG-PRF) in patients with lumbar radicular pain (LRP) associated with lumbar disc herniation. Materials and methods: The study included 48 patients with herniation-related LRP who underwent TFESI and DRG-PRF treatment between November 1, 2020 and April 30, 2021. Patient age, sex, symptom duration, history of lumbar surgery, and numeric rating scale (NRS) pain scores before and at 10 days, 1 month, and 3 months after treatment were evaluated retrospectively. Treatment success was defined as …


Effect Of Cell Salvage On Bleeding, Transfusion Of Blood Products, And Bleeding Parameters In Patients Undergoing Liver Transplantation With Intraoperative Massive Blood Transfusion, Tümay Uludağ Yanaral, Peli̇n Karaaslan Jan 2022

Effect Of Cell Salvage On Bleeding, Transfusion Of Blood Products, And Bleeding Parameters In Patients Undergoing Liver Transplantation With Intraoperative Massive Blood Transfusion, Tümay Uludağ Yanaral, Peli̇n Karaaslan

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Autologous transfusion using a cell saver system has been used in liver transplantation with controversial outcomes. Its efficiency in patients with massive intraoperative transfusion has not been studied yet. This study aimed to evaluate effect of cell salvage (CS) on intraoperative bleeding and transfusion practices in liver transplantation with massive intraoperative transfusion. Materials and methods: Consecutive patients aged ≥18 years with intraoperative massive blood transfusion (≥ 6 units) between March 2014 and September 2020 were included. Patients subjected to CS were grouped as CS, whereas other patients were grouped as control. Number of transfused red blood cells was study's …


Complementary Medicines Used In Ulcerative Colitis And Unintended Interactions With Cytochrome P450-Dependent Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes, Alaatti̇n Şen Jan 2022

Complementary Medicines Used In Ulcerative Colitis And Unintended Interactions With Cytochrome P450-Dependent Drug-Metabolizing Enzymes, Alaatti̇n Şen

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic, chronic inflammatory disease with multiple genetic and a variety of environmental risk factors. Although current drugs significantly aid in controlling the disease, many people have led to the application of complementary therapies due to the common belief that they are natural and safe, as well as due to the consideration of the side effect of current drugs. Curcumin, cannabinoids, wheatgrass, Boswellia, wormwood and Aloe vera are among the most commonly used complementary medicines in UC. However, these treatments may have adverse and toxic effects due to unintended interactions with drugs or drugmetabolizing enzymes such …


Identification Of Subclinical Iron Deficiency Using New Erythrocytes, Leukocytes, And Reticulocytes Parameters During Nonsevere Acute Infection In Pediatric Outpatients, Nazmi̇ Mutlu Karakaş, Serap Ki̇rki̇z Kayali, Zühre Kaya Jan 2022

Identification Of Subclinical Iron Deficiency Using New Erythrocytes, Leukocytes, And Reticulocytes Parameters During Nonsevere Acute Infection In Pediatric Outpatients, Nazmi̇ Mutlu Karakaş, Serap Ki̇rki̇z Kayali, Zühre Kaya

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aims to investigate the diagnostic utility of new erythrocytes, leukocytes, and reticulocytes parameters for the identification of subclinical iron deficiency (ID) in children under 6 years with nonsevere acute infection in pediatric outpatients. Materials and methods: The study included 102 children with acute infections and 31 true ID. Traditional and new hematology parameters were measured in a Sysmex-XN® , along with C-reactive protein level, and iron parameters. Participants? ID were categorized as: the ferritin < 100 ng/mL, transferrin saturation < 20% was defined as ?subclinical or functional ID (FID) in Group 1?; ferritin < 30 ng/mL, transferrin saturation < 20%, as ?absolute-ID (AID)? in Group 2; ferritin < 12 ng/mL without anemia and infection, as ?true ID? in Group 3. Results: The frequencies of FID and AID among the 102 children with acute infection were 24% and 76%, respectively. Compared with the Group 2 patients, Group 1 had a significantly higher mean percentage of hypochromic erythrocytes (Hypo-He), and significantly lower levels of hemoglobin (Hb) and Hb content of reticulocytes (RET-He) (p < 0.05 for all). Compared with Group 2 and Group 3 patients, Group 1 had a significantly higher mean percentage of immature reticulocyte fraction (IRF) and immature granulocyte (IG) values (p < 0.05 for all). The RET-He, IRF%, Hypo-He%, and IG% cut-off values for predicting FID during infection were 27.0 pg, 10.6%, 2.5%, and 0.35% respectively. Conclusion: The RET-He, Hypo-He, IRF, and IG may be useful parameters for identifying subclinical ID in small children with nonsevere acute infection in pediatric outpatients.


Evaluation Of The Effect Of Hyperchloremia On The Prognosis And Mortality Of Medical Intensive Care Patients: A Single-Center Study, Habi̇p Yilmaz, Başak Çakir Güney Jan 2022

Evaluation Of The Effect Of Hyperchloremia On The Prognosis And Mortality Of Medical Intensive Care Patients: A Single-Center Study, Habi̇p Yilmaz, Başak Çakir Güney

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: While chloride (Cl) is the most abundant anion in the serum, it is unfortunately one of the most commonly disregarded laboratory test results routinely drawn upon admission into the medical intensive care unit (MICU). We aimed to investigate the relation between in-hospital mortality, different pathologies requiring admission to the MICU, serum Cl levels, and other biochemical tests in a tertiary center. Materials and methods: The prospective study included data from 373 patients admitted to the ICU of a tertiary care center between 2017 and 2019. Data of patients under 18, pregnant patients or patients who were in the MICU …


Ultrasound-Guided Rhomboid Intercostal Block For Myofascial Pain Syndrome: A Prospective Clinical Study, Seli̇n Güven Köse, Hali̇l Ci̇han Köse, Serkan Tulgar, Ömer Taylan Akkaya Jan 2022

Ultrasound-Guided Rhomboid Intercostal Block For Myofascial Pain Syndrome: A Prospective Clinical Study, Seli̇n Güven Köse, Hali̇l Ci̇han Köse, Serkan Tulgar, Ömer Taylan Akkaya

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common chronic pain syndrome that may affect quality of life, daily living activities, and psychological status. Ultrasound (US)-guided rhomboid intercostal block (RIB) is a recently defined plane block and used for chronic pain such as postmastectomy syndrome and MPS. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of US-guided RIB for the management of pain, quality of life, physical disability, and patient satisfaction in MPS. Materials and methods: In this prospective study, between February and March 2021, a total of 30 patients who applied with the diagnosis of MPS, were included. The patients received …


Effects Of Vitamin D Administration At The Beginning Of Lactation In Dairy Cows Oninflammatory Response And Liver Metabolism, Feyyaz Kaya, Hasan Batmaz Jan 2022

Effects Of Vitamin D Administration At The Beginning Of Lactation In Dairy Cows Oninflammatory Response And Liver Metabolism, Feyyaz Kaya, Hasan Batmaz

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin D administered 24 h after calving of dairy cows on calcium-phosphorus metabolism, carbohydrate, lipid and liver metabolism, and inflammatory response. Twenty multiparous Holstein cows were randomly assigned to the experimental (EG) and control group (CG). The EG received 5,000,000 IU vitamin D3 (5 mL) 24 h after parturition intramuscularly, whereas the CG group received 5 mL of 0.9% NaCl. Blood samples were taken 24 h after parturition before treatments and at the 3rd, 7th, 14th, and 28th days of lactation. Serum NEFA, BHBA, haptoglobin, serum amyloid A (SAA), ceruloplasmin, calcium, phosphorus, …


A Comparative Study Of Blood And Milk Chemiluminescence In Healthy Cows And Withsubclinical And Clinical Mastitis, Radoslaw Skorzewski, Wieslaw Krumrych, Hanna Markiewicz, Elzbieta Sandurska Jan 2022

A Comparative Study Of Blood And Milk Chemiluminescence In Healthy Cows And Withsubclinical And Clinical Mastitis, Radoslaw Skorzewski, Wieslaw Krumrych, Hanna Markiewicz, Elzbieta Sandurska

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the study was to evaluate the luminol-dependent spontaneous and stimulated chemiluminescence (CL) of whole blood and milk in cows with subclinical and clinical mastitis. The research was carried out on 108 Holstein-Friesian dairy cows aged 3-5 years. Based on the assessment of somatic cell count (SCC) in quarter milk, the animals were divided into 3 groups: I - clinically healthy cows (n = 35), II - animals with subclinical mastitis (n = 30) and III - cows with clinical mastitis (n = 43). The material for the research was whole blood and quarter milk. The samples were …


A Biological Perspective On Interpreting Interaction Effect, Serdar Genç, Mehmet Mendeş Jan 2022

A Biological Perspective On Interpreting Interaction Effect, Serdar Genç, Mehmet Mendeş

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Factorial experiments are commonly employed in agricultural research as in other branches of applied sciences. In these experiments, inferences related to the interaction are essential. However, many researchers are still unable to analyze this type of experiment and interpret the results in the correct way. This is because researchers focus on interpreting the main effects although there is a significant interaction effect. Of course, meaningful main effects can exist even in the presence of an interaction, especially if interactions do not affect the main effects. Therefore, it is extremely important to understand thoroughly in which situations only the interaction effect(s), …


Do Horses Learn How To Reach For Feed Depending On The Time Of Day?, Agnieszka Ziemianska, Maciej Trojan, Konrad Bazewicz, Justyna Wojtas, Tomasz Próchniak, Iwona Rozempolska-Rucinska Jan 2022

Do Horses Learn How To Reach For Feed Depending On The Time Of Day?, Agnieszka Ziemianska, Maciej Trojan, Konrad Bazewicz, Justyna Wojtas, Tomasz Próchniak, Iwona Rozempolska-Rucinska

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the study was to assess the ability of horses to learn how to open feeder boxes in a direction associated with the time of day. The study involved 10 horses. The first stage of the study consisted in learning how to complete the task. The second stage involved the test and was followed by a control stage. The results indicated the highest number of failed attempts in the leftward movement test. The mean time required by the horses to complete the task of the leftward opening (10.27 s) was twofold longer than in the rightward direction test …


Gene Expression And Doppler Flowmetry Of The Reproductive Tract In Nelore (Bos Indicus)Cows Synchronized With Estradiol And Equine Chorionic Gonadotrophin, Itamara Gomes De França, Nancyleni Pinto Cahves Bezerra, Alcina Vieira Carvalho Neta, Larissa Sarmento Santos, Diego Luiz Ds Santos Ribeiro, Jose Ribamar S Torres Junior Jan 2022

Gene Expression And Doppler Flowmetry Of The Reproductive Tract In Nelore (Bos Indicus)Cows Synchronized With Estradiol And Equine Chorionic Gonadotrophin, Itamara Gomes De França, Nancyleni Pinto Cahves Bezerra, Alcina Vieira Carvalho Neta, Larissa Sarmento Santos, Diego Luiz Ds Santos Ribeiro, Jose Ribamar S Torres Junior

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Forty Nelore cows were submitted to timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol and randomly assigned to groups according to estradiol (E2) ester (cypionate or benzoate, i.e. EC or EB) and equine chorionic gonadotrophin treatment (eCG or No-eCG) in a factorial 2x2 design. On a random day of the estrous cycle (Day 0), cows received a P4 intravaginal device plus 2 mg im injection of EB. At the time of P4 device removal (Day 8), cows were treated with 0.150 mg im of D-cloprostenol (PGF) and randomly divided to receive or not 400 UI im of eCG, as well as randomly assigned …


Effects Of Probiotic Supplementation For Piglets In A Nursery: A Meta-Analysis Ofcontrolled Randomized Studies, Isabella Cristina De Castro Lippi, Larissa Braganholo Vargas, Fabiana Ribeiro Caldara, Henrique Biasotto Morais, Jean Kaique Valentim, Janaína Palermo Mendes Jan 2022

Effects Of Probiotic Supplementation For Piglets In A Nursery: A Meta-Analysis Ofcontrolled Randomized Studies, Isabella Cristina De Castro Lippi, Larissa Braganholo Vargas, Fabiana Ribeiro Caldara, Henrique Biasotto Morais, Jean Kaique Valentim, Janaína Palermo Mendes

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The objective of this article was to evaluate the effect of probiotic addition on average daily gain and feed conversion on the final piglet nursery phase. This study used a systematic review by meta-analysis to contrast the effect of piglets supplementation without antibiotics (negative control) and with antibiotics (positive control). These results archived a dichotomy that suggests a need for different statistical treatments to evaluate these outcomes obtained by articles. Because of this, a metaanalysis evaluation is justified to identify the animal performance on probiotic or antibiotic supplementation conditions. The use of probiotics improved the feed conversion in the experiments …


Determination Of Plant-Specific Retrotransposons In Chicken, Levent Mercan, Ci̇hat Erdem Bülbül, Fati̇h Bi̇lgi̇, Sevgi̇ Marakli Jan 2022

Determination Of Plant-Specific Retrotransposons In Chicken, Levent Mercan, Ci̇hat Erdem Bülbül, Fati̇h Bi̇lgi̇, Sevgi̇ Marakli

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Mobile genetic elements are also known as transposons, comprising a significant proportion of plant and animal genomes. Retrotransposons, a class of transposons, move copy and paste mechanism and, therefore, cause genome obesity. Moreover, the transferability of retrotransposons within and between different kingdoms has provided valuable information for evolutionary relationships in addition to detailed knowledge about genomes. We identified barley-specific retrotransposons (Nikita and Sukkula) and determined polymorphism ratios of these retrotransposons in a chicken genome for the first time to gain new insights for retrotransposons found in different genomes. Transposon sequences belonging to chicken and barley genomes were also investigated to …


The Effects Of Polymorphisms In The Cx3cr1 Gene On The Development Of Canine Hipdysplasia, Sertaç Atalay, Süleyman Kök Jan 2022

The Effects Of Polymorphisms In The Cx3cr1 Gene On The Development Of Canine Hipdysplasia, Sertaç Atalay, Süleyman Kök

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Hip dysplasia, caused by both environmental and genetic components, is a common disorder characterized by hip instability in humans and dogs. Unfortunately, the genetic mechanisms that cause the disease in both have not been fully determined. The aim of this study was polymorphisms in the exon 2 and 3' UTR regions of the CX3CR1 gene were determined and their effects on the development of Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD) in three dog breeds (German Shepherd, Belgian Malinois, Labrador Retriever). For this purpose, a case -control study was designed with 172 dogs in Dog Breeding and Training Center (DBTC) in Turkey. Each …


Bayesian Genomic Prediction Of Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa In Sheep, Burak Karacaören Jan 2022

Bayesian Genomic Prediction Of Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa In Sheep, Burak Karacaören

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEP) is a heritable skin and mucosa disorder in association with mendelian mutations in sheep. The purpose of this investigation is to explore the relationship between different priors, linkage disequilibrium, and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) selection methods and accuracy of Bayesian GP of JEP in sheep. Ninety-two Spanish Churra sheep breed genotyped by 40668 SNP markers. Bayes C? was shown to have slightly higher predicted accuracy [0.724 (0.113)] by unselected data. Prediction performance of the Bayesian GP models was found to be similar after correction for LD. There was a significant difference between predicted accuracies due to …


Epidemiological Investigation Of Bovine Tuberculosis Infection Dynamics In Turkey, Şahi̇n Çakir, Murat Yildirim, Kadi̇r Serdar Di̇ker, Fevzi̇ye İpek Keski̇n, Selcen Yüksel, Burak Deveci̇, Erhan Akçay Jan 2022

Epidemiological Investigation Of Bovine Tuberculosis Infection Dynamics In Turkey, Şahi̇n Çakir, Murat Yildirim, Kadi̇r Serdar Di̇ker, Fevzi̇ye İpek Keski̇n, Selcen Yüksel, Burak Deveci̇, Erhan Akçay

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

A national epidemiological research project was carried out to define the dynamics affecting the epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) infection in Turkey and to identify the risk factors. Official veterinarian (OV) and breeder original questionnaires were produced separately as part of this study to collect thorough data regarding the disease from the field. The number of questionnaires that needed to be filled out was decided by 95% confidence interval (CI) and 5% margin of error. The findings of 371 OV and 317 breeder questionnaires completed online across the country were analyzed. In addition, 28 outbreaks determined by random method were …


Genotypic Characterization Of Meat-Type Lambs Expressing The Callipyge Gene In Turkey:I. Carcass Characteristics And Retail Yield, Vasfi̇ye Kader Esen, Seli̇m Esen, Orhan Karadağ, Alper Önenç, Cengi̇z Elmaci Jan 2022

Genotypic Characterization Of Meat-Type Lambs Expressing The Callipyge Gene In Turkey:I. Carcass Characteristics And Retail Yield, Vasfi̇ye Kader Esen, Seli̇m Esen, Orhan Karadağ, Alper Önenç, Cengi̇z Elmaci

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study is set out to evaluate the effects of callipyge (CLPG) gene, attributed to sheep affecting growth and meat quality, on carcass and sensory trait of most preferred meat-type lamb (Kıvırcık, Karacabey Merino, Ramlıç, German Black-Head Mutton × Kıvırcık, Hampshire Down × Merino) in the western part of Turkey. Two datasets were used: (i) 177 lambs (66 males, 111 females) to determine genotype and allele frequencies; (ii) 48 genotypically identified male lambs for the assessment of carcass and meat sensory quality. It was found that homozygous (NN) and heterozygous (MN) conditions of the CLPG gene were observed in all …