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Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 3337

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities In Research (Meteor) Program., Lisa Schwartz, Naomi Luban, Alison Hall, Diane Mcquail, Yolanda Haywood Dec 2022

The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities In Research (Meteor) Program., Lisa Schwartz, Naomi Luban, Alison Hall, Diane Mcquail, Yolanda Haywood

Health Sciences Education Research

PROBLEM: Medical students from groups that are underrepresented in medicine are less likely to pursue careers that incorporate research as compared to their white peers. Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA)-funded institutions encouraged centers to establish short-term, mentored summer research opportunities to motivate students underrepresented in medicine to enroll in medical school and ideally choose a career that incorporates research into their clinical practice.

APPROACH: The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities in Research (METEOR) Program was established in 2012 in partnership with the Clinical and Translational Science Institute at Children's National (CTSI-CN) and The George Washington University (GW ...


Using Community-Based Participatory Research To Tailor A Diabetes Education Program To An At-Risk Black Church Congregation In The Mid-Atlantic, Samantha A. Mielke Jul 2022

Using Community-Based Participatory Research To Tailor A Diabetes Education Program To An At-Risk Black Church Congregation In The Mid-Atlantic, Samantha A. Mielke

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Prediabetes and diabetes continue to have a high disease burden in the United States (Lin et al., 2018). Many individuals are unaware of their glucose state or the impact impaired glucose can have on their quality adjusted life years and cost of living. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has underscored the importance of decreasing the incidence of diabetes and has resources available. Still, many communities, particularly minority populations, can benefit from tailoring programs to their specific populations, where typical approaches may not be as beneficial (Joo & Liu, 2020). Additionally, Black American (BA) congregations often have a unique community-level soft infrastructure and psychological and sociological resources making them ideal sites for implementing education-based interventions (Kavanaugh et al., 2022; McNeill et al., 2018).).

Aim: This study aimed to initiate ...


The Rare Disease Research Scholars Program: A Training Curriculum For Clinical Researchers With Mixed Methods Evaluation Study, Debra S. Regiera, Jennifer A. Weaver, Nancy Cheng, Mark L. Batshaw, Mary Ottolini, Michael E. Shy, Marshall L. Summar Apr 2022

The Rare Disease Research Scholars Program: A Training Curriculum For Clinical Researchers With Mixed Methods Evaluation Study, Debra S. Regiera, Jennifer A. Weaver, Nancy Cheng, Mark L. Batshaw, Mary Ottolini, Michael E. Shy, Marshall L. Summar

Health Sciences Education Research

No abstract provided.


Delineating The Field Of Medical Education: Bibliometric Research Approach(Es)., Lauren A Maggio, Anton Ninkov, Jason R Frank, Joseph A Costello, Anthony R. Artino Apr 2022

Delineating The Field Of Medical Education: Bibliometric Research Approach(Es)., Lauren A Maggio, Anton Ninkov, Jason R Frank, Joseph A Costello, Anthony R. Artino

Health, Human Function, and Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The field of medical education remains poorly delineated such that there is no broad consensus of articles or journals that comprise 'the field'. This lack of consensus indicates a missed opportunity for researchers to generate insights about the field that could facilitate conducting bibliometric studies and other research designs (e.g., systematic reviews) and also enable individuals to identify themselves as 'medical education researchers'. Other fields have utilised bibliometric field delineation, which is the assigning of articles or journals to a certain field in an effort to define that field.

PROCESS: In this Research Approach, three bibliometric field delineation ...


The Public Health Response To Covid-19 In The Southwest Region Of Missouri, Jennifer Trott Mph, K. Holly Mead Phd, Marie-Anais Benoit, Dora Hughes Md, Mph, Jeffrey Levi Phd, Jacqueline Baños Mph, Semret Seyoum Mph, Marsha Regenstein Phd Apr 2022

The Public Health Response To Covid-19 In The Southwest Region Of Missouri, Jennifer Trott Mph, K. Holly Mead Phd, Marie-Anais Benoit, Dora Hughes Md, Mph, Jeffrey Levi Phd, Jacqueline Baños Mph, Semret Seyoum Mph, Marsha Regenstein Phd

Reports on Missouri's Public Health Response to COVID-19

The Public Health Response to COVID-19 in the Southwest Region of Missouri documents efforts by Southwest Missouri’s local public health agencies along with other stakeholders to leverage their partnerships, resources, and expertise to respond to COVID-19. Along with professional stakeholder accounts, the report includes residents’ perspectives and experiences during the COVID-19 response. Professional and resident findings helped identify lessons that could strengthen the public health system’s ability to continue responding to COVID-19 and face future crisis with greater resources, coordination, equitable strategies, modernized infrastructure and public trust. The findings in this report center on the period of the ...


Evaluating Telehealth As A Means Of Communicating With Living Donors And Its Effect On Quality Of Care, Ashley Anne Hamby Rn Msn Apr 2022

Evaluating Telehealth As A Means Of Communicating With Living Donors And Its Effect On Quality Of Care, Ashley Anne Hamby Rn Msn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Despite the advantages of living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT), there are barriers that potential donors face that make living donation less appealing. Research supports the use of telehealth as an effective method of enhancing access to care and building efficiencies.

Aims/Objectives: To evaluate access to care, effectiveness, financial impact, and experience after implementing telehealth as a means of communicating with living donors.

Methods: Utilizing a pretest-posttest design, an analysis was performed among medically cleared donors evaluated in-person between January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019 (Control Group; N=64) and donors evaluated via telehealth (Zoom®) between January 1 ...


2022 Medical Student Research Day Abstracts, George Washington University Apr 2022

2022 Medical Student Research Day Abstracts, George Washington University

GW Research Showcase 2021-

Medical student research day is designed to highlight the breadth of research and scholarly activity that medical students have accomplished during their education at The GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences. All medical students are invited to present research regardless of the area of focus. Abstract submissions represent a broad range of research interests and disciplines, including basic and translational science, clinical research, health policy and public health research, and education-related research.


Himmelfarb Library Liaison Letter - April 2022, George Washington University, Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library Apr 2022

Himmelfarb Library Liaison Letter - April 2022, George Washington University, Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library

Himmelfarb Library Liaison Letters

No abstract provided.


A Community Educational Intervention To Improve Firearm Safety Behavior In Families, Elizabeth G. Choma Msn, Rn, Cpnp-Pc Apr 2022

A Community Educational Intervention To Improve Firearm Safety Behavior In Families, Elizabeth G. Choma Msn, Rn, Cpnp-Pc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Every day in America children, are injured or killed from the accidental shooting of firearms. Additionally, few households with children report storing all guns unloaded and locked up. Recent evidence supports education on safe firearm storage as an effective intervention in promoting firearm safety in families with children. However, Pediatric healthcare providers often do not have enough time for firearm education during well visits.

Objective: This Quality Improvement (QI) project aimed to use an educational intervention with statistics on firearms in children and implemented the Asking Saves Kids (ASK) campaign to assess and improve firearm safety behaviors in families ...


Improving Screening For Sleep Disturbance In Patients With Parkinson’S Disease, Jenny Nguyen Msn, Fnp-C Apr 2022

Improving Screening For Sleep Disturbance In Patients With Parkinson’S Disease, Jenny Nguyen Msn, Fnp-C

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Sleep disturbance (SD) is one of the most common and debilitating non-motor manifestations of Parkinson’s disease (PD). SD intensifies the disease-related disabilities of motor and non-motor symptoms. In spite of this, it is often under-recognized and underaddressed by healthcare professionals. The Movement Disorder Society recommends the Parkinson’s disease Sleep Scale (PDSS – 2) be used to screen and measure severity of overall sleep problems in this patient population.

Objectives: The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project is to increase the utilization of the PDSS-2, a standardized approach to assessment of sleep difficulties. This can facilitate identification of ...


A Telehealth Blood Pressure Education Program On Hypertension Knowledge, Selfcare, And Behavior, Cheynnie N. Burnett Msn, Aprn, Fnp-C Apr 2022

A Telehealth Blood Pressure Education Program On Hypertension Knowledge, Selfcare, And Behavior, Cheynnie N. Burnett Msn, Aprn, Fnp-C

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Hypertension poses a significant risk for morbidity and mortality. Regular blood pressure monitoring, medication compliance, and/or lifestyle modifications have shown to improve control. Digital communication in healthcare, such as telemedicine provides patients and primary care offices an opportunity to improve access to care and education.

Objectives: This Quality Improvement (QI) Project aimed to answer the question: In adult patients with a diagnosis of hypertension, what is the effectiveness of implementing an evidence- based telehealth blood pressure management program in a primary health care setting, when compared to baseline, on blood pressure knowledge, management, and self-care over a nine- ...


Effect Of A Web-Based Educational Intervention In Improving Depression Knowledge And Help-Seeking Behaviour In Women, Chibuzo Efuribe Rn Msn Fnp-Bc Apr 2022

Effect Of A Web-Based Educational Intervention In Improving Depression Knowledge And Help-Seeking Behaviour In Women, Chibuzo Efuribe Rn Msn Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Depression is of global concern and one of the leading causes of disability in the United States. Based on a needs assessment conducted in a faith-based organization, we noticed a gap in depression knowledge, an unwillingness to seek help, and a lack of open dialogue among the women. Studies have shown that low depression literacy impedes early recognition, prevention, and willingness to seek help (Brijnath et al., 2016; Reavley et al., 2014).

Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of web-based educational intervention in improving depression knowledge and help-seeking behavior among women in a faith-based organization.

Methods: Using ...


The Public Health Response To Covid-19 In The Northeast Region Of Missouri, Jennifer Trott Mph, K. Holly Mead Phd, Anne Markus Phd, Jd, Alexis Acosta Msc, Jacqueline Baños Mph, Ciara Conway, Marie-Anais Benoit, Marsha Regenstein Phd Apr 2022

The Public Health Response To Covid-19 In The Northeast Region Of Missouri, Jennifer Trott Mph, K. Holly Mead Phd, Anne Markus Phd, Jd, Alexis Acosta Msc, Jacqueline Baños Mph, Ciara Conway, Marie-Anais Benoit, Marsha Regenstein Phd

Reports on Missouri's Public Health Response to COVID-19

The Public Health Response to COVID-19 in the Northeast Region of Missouri documents efforts by Northeast Missouri’s local public health agencies along with other stakeholders to leverage their partnerships, resources, and expertise to respond to COVID-19. Along with professional stakeholder accounts, the report includes residents’ perspectives and experiences during the COVID-19 response. Professional and resident findings helped identify lessons that could strengthen the public health system’s ability to continue responding to COVID-19 and face future crisis with greater resources, coordination, equitable strategies, modernized infrastructure and public trust. The findings in this report center on the period of the ...


The Public Health Response To Covid-19 In The St. Louis Region Of Missouri, Marsha Regenstein Phd, K. Holly Mead Phd, Jennifer Trott Mph, Semret Seyoum Mph, Jacqueline Baños Mph, Hope Van Bronkhorst, Marie-Anais Benoit, Dora Hughes Md Apr 2022

The Public Health Response To Covid-19 In The St. Louis Region Of Missouri, Marsha Regenstein Phd, K. Holly Mead Phd, Jennifer Trott Mph, Semret Seyoum Mph, Jacqueline Baños Mph, Hope Van Bronkhorst, Marie-Anais Benoit, Dora Hughes Md

Reports on Missouri's Public Health Response to COVID-19

The Public Health Response to COVID-19 in the St. Louis Region of Missouri documents efforts by St. Louis Missouri’s local public health agencies along with other stakeholders to leverage their partnerships, resources, and expertise to respond to COVID-19. Along with professional stakeholder accounts, the report includes residents’ perspectives and experiences during the COVID-19 response. Professional and resident findings helped identify lessons that could strengthen the public health system’s ability to continue responding to COVID-19 and face future crisis with greater resources, coordination, equitable strategies, modernized infrastructure and public trust. The findings in this report center on the period ...


Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Bundle Compliance: A Quality Improvement Project, Keesha L. Holmes Msn, Fnp, Ne-Bc Apr 2022

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Bundle Compliance: A Quality Improvement Project, Keesha L. Holmes Msn, Fnp, Ne-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: In many hospitals, patients requiring mechanical ventilation are managed in an intensive care unit (ICU) or a unit that requires a higher level of care compared to a medical-surgical unit. Patients on mechanical ventilation are susceptible to acquiring ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) if precautionary measures are not taken.

Aims/Objectives: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to assess if after an identified group of critical care registered nurses (RN) participated in an education session on ventilator-associated pneumonia and ventilator-care bundle (VCB) interventions, would their knowledge be enhanced, would the RNs implement the knowledge learned into their practice, and ...


Mental Health First Aid (Mhfa): Implementing An Evidence-Based Practice Change Initiative In A School Setting, Kate Wachutka Msn, Aprn, Fnp-C Apr 2022

Mental Health First Aid (Mhfa): Implementing An Evidence-Based Practice Change Initiative In A School Setting, Kate Wachutka Msn, Aprn, Fnp-C

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: School-aged children with unidentified mental illnesses experience poor health outcomes and increased medical costs. Successful management of this public health threat requires a collaborative community approach with a focus on enhancing adults’ mental health literacy (MHL) to improve outcomes.

Objectives: The objectives of this project were to implement an evidence-based mental health education (utilizing MHFA) and sustainment program within a school setting for staff and parents supervising children to optimize the adults' MHL over a three month period.

Methods: A pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were recruited from a school in the Western United States. Inclusion criteria consisted of ...


Implementation Of A Transitional Care Model To Decrease Readmissions For Ischemic Stroke And Tia Patients, Sarah Baskind Msn, Fnp-Bc, Cnrn, Scrn Apr 2022

Implementation Of A Transitional Care Model To Decrease Readmissions For Ischemic Stroke And Tia Patients, Sarah Baskind Msn, Fnp-Bc, Cnrn, Scrn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Poor continuity of care after hospitalization can increase the risk of adverse health outcomes such as unplanned readmissions for stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients. Transitional care models (TCMs) can be used to improve the coordination of care post-discharge.

Objectives: The purpose of this doctoral Quality Improvement (QI) project was to develop, implement, and evaluate a TCM for ischemic stroke/TIA patients over a 3-month period. This project had four aims: 1) to decrease the unplanned 30-day readmission rate, 2) for all eligible patients to be enrolled after discharge, 3) to have all enrolled participants receive all components ...


Implementing Sskin Bundle For Pressure Ulcer Prevention In Long-Term Care Facility, Funmilayo Oni Apr 2022

Implementing Sskin Bundle For Pressure Ulcer Prevention In Long-Term Care Facility, Funmilayo Oni

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Pressure ulcers are a major challenge in long-term care (LTC) facilities. Adult patients in LTC setting are at risk for developing pressure ulcers due to chronic medical conditions and comorbidities. Preventing the onset of these wounds is more cost-effective than treating pressure ulcers.

AIM/Objectives: The primary objective was to decrease the number of pressure ulcers by 50% within a three-month period. Secondary objectives were to achieve 100% compliance with completion of mandatory staff education, score on the posttest questionnaire, and compliance with mandatory staff documentation as instructed by the SSKIN protocol.

Methods: This DNP Project used a pretest ...


Antibiotic Stewardship For Asymptomatic Bacteriuria In Older Adults Residing In Long-Term Care At End-Of-Life, Kimberly Madison Agpcnp-Bc Apr 2022

Antibiotic Stewardship For Asymptomatic Bacteriuria In Older Adults Residing In Long-Term Care At End-Of-Life, Kimberly Madison Agpcnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Differentiating between asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and urinary tract infections (UTIs) in older adults is challenging due to their atypical presentation. There is a critical gap in practice to adhere to clinical guidelines advising against treating ASB with antibiotics.

Objectives: The purpose of this Quality Improvement project was to implement an antibiotic stewardship program at a hospice organization to standardize judicious use of antibiotics at the end-of-life. The outcome measures were designed to evaluate clinician knowledge, prescribing policies and practice changes, the completeness of documentation, the appropriate usage of antibiotics, and clinician antibiotic use attitudes and beliefs.

Methods: Hospice clinicians ...


Structured Type 2 Diabetes Education To Improve Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose, Self-Care Management, And Diabetes Knowledge In A Multicultural Family Practice Clinic, Deedee Foster Fnp-C Apr 2022

Structured Type 2 Diabetes Education To Improve Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose, Self-Care Management, And Diabetes Knowledge In A Multicultural Family Practice Clinic, Deedee Foster Fnp-C

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: The family practice providers at the family medicine residency clinic (FMRC) have neither sufficient time nor continuity of care to provide diabetes education to effectively reduce A1c levels. The FMRC has 500 multicultural type 2 diabetes patients with an A1c >7% that has increased by 23.2% in the previous five months. Multiple studies have demonstrated that structured diabetes education can significantly decrease blood glucose readings, improve self-care management, and diabetes knowledge to attain optimal glycemic control.

Objectives: To implement an evidence-based practice (EBP) project in the FMRC to improve participants blood glucose readings, self-care management, and diabetes knowledge ...


Program Evaluation Of Leader Rounding In Emergency And Trauma, Allen Fasnach Msn, Rn Apr 2022

Program Evaluation Of Leader Rounding In Emergency And Trauma, Allen Fasnach Msn, Rn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Patient satisfaction scores are an area of priority for hospitals throughout the United States because of their association with quality outcomes for the patients (Davenport, O'Connor, Szychowski, Landry, & Hernandez, 2017). This healthcare organization implemented the practice of nurse leader rounding over the last five years with the goal of leaders rounding on 75% or greater of the units' populations without any organizational sustainment or achievement of upper decile patient satisfaction scores.

Aims: The aim of this project was to utilize the Centers for Disease Control Framework for a Program Evaluation to evaluate the redesigned leadership rounding program for ...


Effectiveness Of Provider Education To Improve Screening, Diagnosis, And Management Of Postpartum Depression, Gina M. Tytula Apr 2022

Effectiveness Of Provider Education To Improve Screening, Diagnosis, And Management Of Postpartum Depression, Gina M. Tytula

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) effects approximately 15% of new mothers after the birth of their child which results in feelings of anger, fear and being overwhelmed. In the practice setting for this project there were low rates of PPD screening, leading to missed diagnoses and inadequate management of PPD.

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of an education program to increase providers’ perceived knowledge and improve screening, diagnosis and management of PPD for a multicultural patient population at an urban obstetrics practice.

Methods: This pre-post design project evaluated the effectiveness of an educational ...


Implicit Bias Training: Improving Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Maternal Care, Marilyn Mapp Apr 2022

Implicit Bias Training: Improving Racial/Ethnic Disparities In Maternal Care, Marilyn Mapp

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Racial and ethnic disparities persist in the United States leading to adverse maternal outcomes. Nationally, the maternal mortality rates in black women are two to three times higher than white women. Implementing implicit bias training, recommended by the Council on Patient Safety in Women’s Health, is a key intervention that may help to reduce these disparities.

Objectives: This quasi-experimental/mixed methods project evaluated the effectiveness of training on implicit bias to increase awareness of implicit bias among a convenience sample of registered nurses in labor and delivery and postpartum units at two community hospitals.

Methods: Quantitative data was ...


Characterizing Febrile Seizures, Thermoregulation, And Anxiety-Like Behaviours In 6 Gabrg2+/Q390x, A Mouse Model For Dravet Syndrome, Richard Fagbemigun, Subhash Gutti, Jing-Qiong Kang Apr 2022

Characterizing Febrile Seizures, Thermoregulation, And Anxiety-Like Behaviours In 6 Gabrg2+/Q390x, A Mouse Model For Dravet Syndrome, Richard Fagbemigun, Subhash Gutti, Jing-Qiong Kang

GW Research Showcase 2021-

No abstract provided.


Head And Neck Injuries During Weightlifting: A Neiss Database Study, Prashant Saini, Harry Nanthakumar, Brandon Shaver, Daniel A. Benito, Punam Thakkar, Joseph Goodman Apr 2022

Head And Neck Injuries During Weightlifting: A Neiss Database Study, Prashant Saini, Harry Nanthakumar, Brandon Shaver, Daniel A. Benito, Punam Thakkar, Joseph Goodman

GW Research Showcase 2021-

No abstract provided.


Unplanned Healthcare Utilization By Children With Spina Bifida: Rates And Risks Factors Associated With Emergency Department Use Between 2016-2020, Sally Zimmermann, Teresa L. Russell, Jacob C. Smith, Elena Johnston, Bruce M. Sprague, Ian Mccarthy, Sohel Rana, Christina Ho, Hans G. Pohl, Briony K. Varda Apr 2022

Unplanned Healthcare Utilization By Children With Spina Bifida: Rates And Risks Factors Associated With Emergency Department Use Between 2016-2020, Sally Zimmermann, Teresa L. Russell, Jacob C. Smith, Elena Johnston, Bruce M. Sprague, Ian Mccarthy, Sohel Rana, Christina Ho, Hans G. Pohl, Briony K. Varda

GW Research Showcase 2021-

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Pediatric Intubations Using Video Review, Brian Tarnai, Karen J. O‘Connell Apr 2022

Analysis Of Pediatric Intubations Using Video Review, Brian Tarnai, Karen J. O‘Connell

GW Research Showcase 2021-

No abstract provided.


Improvement In Patient Understanding Of Colorectal Pathology Using 3d Imaging, Benjamin Zollinger, Sarah Haviland, Suzanne Arnott, Matthew Ng, Vincent Obias Apr 2022

Improvement In Patient Understanding Of Colorectal Pathology Using 3d Imaging, Benjamin Zollinger, Sarah Haviland, Suzanne Arnott, Matthew Ng, Vincent Obias

GW Research Showcase 2021-

No abstract provided.


A Case Of Erythema Elevatum Diutinum (Eed) Exhibiting A Keloid-Like Appearance, Bint-E Z. Awan, Danielle Healey, Yoshihiro Noda, Yuto Yabuno, Shinichi Ansai, Rei Ogawa Apr 2022

A Case Of Erythema Elevatum Diutinum (Eed) Exhibiting A Keloid-Like Appearance, Bint-E Z. Awan, Danielle Healey, Yoshihiro Noda, Yuto Yabuno, Shinichi Ansai, Rei Ogawa

GW Research Showcase 2021-

No abstract provided.


Tisagenlecleucel For Treatment Of Relapsed B-All In A Patient With Chek2 Mutation And Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, Abraham Ipe, Anne Angiolillo, Melissa Wills, Erica Wyche, David Jacobsohn, Jinjun Cheng, Miriam Bornhorst, Joyce Turner, Anant Vatsayan Apr 2022

Tisagenlecleucel For Treatment Of Relapsed B-All In A Patient With Chek2 Mutation And Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, Abraham Ipe, Anne Angiolillo, Melissa Wills, Erica Wyche, David Jacobsohn, Jinjun Cheng, Miriam Bornhorst, Joyce Turner, Anant Vatsayan

GW Research Showcase 2021-

No abstract provided.