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Articles 1 - 30 of 12023

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Assessing Adoption Barriers Of Sustainable Packaging In Egypt, Carol Ramses Morgan Feb 2024

Assessing Adoption Barriers Of Sustainable Packaging In Egypt, Carol Ramses Morgan

Theses and Dissertations

Sustainable packaging has become an essential part of business decisions and corporate directions. With the rise of environmental damages due to improper waste management and unsustainable practices, businesses have a major responsibility to analyze their products’ life cycles and redesign them with sustainability in mind. Applying sustainable packaging could save companies large amounts of resources, therefore cutting costs, while also achieving the legal and social duty as a corporation towards society and the environment. Many developing countries, with specific focus on Egypt, have recently focused on legislative and corporate decisions in order to encourage more sustainable practices. Egypt’s new Waste …


Containerization Of Seafarers In The International Shipping Industry: Contemporary Seamanship, Maritime Social Infrastructures, And Mobility Politics Of Global Logistics, Liang Wu Feb 2024

Containerization Of Seafarers In The International Shipping Industry: Contemporary Seamanship, Maritime Social Infrastructures, And Mobility Politics Of Global Logistics, Liang Wu

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation discusses the mobility politics of container shipping and argues that technological development, political-economic order, and social infrastructure co-produce one another. Containerization, the use of standardized containers to carry cargo across modes of transportation that is said to have revolutionized and globalized international trade since the late 1950s, has served to expand and extend the power of international coalitions of states and corporations to control the movements of commodities (shipments) and labor (seafarers). The advent and development of containerization was driven by a sociotechnical imaginary and international social contract of seamless shipping and cargo flows. In practice, this liberal, …


Development Of A High-Level Discrete Event Simulation Model For The Harvesting Of White Button Mushrooms With Human-Robot Collaboration (Hrc), Ava Recchia Jan 2024

Development Of A High-Level Discrete Event Simulation Model For The Harvesting Of White Button Mushrooms With Human-Robot Collaboration (Hrc), Ava Recchia

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Canada is a leading global mushroom producer, with the white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) being the most popular type produced. Harvesting activities are labour-intensive, and farms are currently experiencing labour shortages, which are impacting productivity, growth, and overall revenue. Robotic technologies are valid mechanisms for mushroom harvesting and demonstrate a potential to reduce this gap. Examining the performance of a harvesting system with different robotics scenarios, such as manual, robotics automation, and human robot collaboration (HRC) is crucial to realizing this potential. Simulation models are useful tools for testing and assessing systems without making any physical change to the system. …


Applying Functional Data Analysis To Estimate The Mental Workload Of The Human Driver, David Olorunfemi Eniyandunmo Jan 2024

Applying Functional Data Analysis To Estimate The Mental Workload Of The Human Driver, David Olorunfemi Eniyandunmo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies have focused on accurately estimating mental workload using machine learning algorithms and extracting features from psycho-physiological measures. However, feature extraction leads to the loss of valuable information and often results in binary classifications that lack specificity in the identification of optimum mental workload levels. This study investigates the feasibility of using raw psycho-physiological data (EEG, facial EMG, ECG, EDA, pupillometry) combined with Functional Data Analysis (FDA) to estimate mental workload of human drivers. A driving scenario with five tasks was employed, and subjective ratings were collected using the modified Bedford workload scale. Results demonstrate that the FDA applied …


Integrated Computer-Aided Design, Experimentation, And Optimization Approach For Perovskites And Petroleum Packaging Processes, Swapana Subbarao Jerpoth Jan 2024

Integrated Computer-Aided Design, Experimentation, And Optimization Approach For Perovskites And Petroleum Packaging Processes, Swapana Subbarao Jerpoth

Theses and Dissertations

According to the World Economic Forum report, the U.S. currently has an energy efficiency of just 30%, thus illustrating the potential scope and need for efficiency enhancement and waste minimization. In the U.S. energy sector, petroleum and solar energy are the two key pillars that have the potential to create research opportunities for transition to a cleaner, greener, and sustainable future. In this research endeavor, the focus is on two pivotal areas: (i) Computer-aided perovskite solar cell synthesis; and (ii) Optimization of flow processes through multiproduct petroleum pipelines. In the area of perovskite synthesis, the emphasis is on the enhancement …


How Does Digitalisation Transform Business Models In Ropax Ports? A Multi-Site Study Of Port Authorities, Yiran Chen, Anastasia Tsvetkova, Kristel Edelman, Irina Wahlström, Marikka Heikkila, Magnus Hellström Jan 2024

How Does Digitalisation Transform Business Models In Ropax Ports? A Multi-Site Study Of Port Authorities, Yiran Chen, Anastasia Tsvetkova, Kristel Edelman, Irina Wahlström, Marikka Heikkila, Magnus Hellström

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This article investigates the relationship between digitalisation and business model changes in RoPax ports. The study is based on six RoPax ports in Northern Europe, examining their digitalisation efforts and the resulting changes in their business models, leading to further digital transformation. The paper offers insights by reviewing relevant literature on digitalisation’s role in business model innovation and its application in ports. The findings reveal that digitalisation supports relevant business model changes concerning port operation integration within logistics chains, communication, documentation flow, and cargo flow optimisation. However, exploring digitalisation’s potential for diversifying value propositions is still limited. Most digitalisation efforts …


The Impact Of Social Media On Charitable Giving For Nonprofit Organization, Namchul Shin Jan 2024

The Impact Of Social Media On Charitable Giving For Nonprofit Organization, Namchul Shin

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Research has extensively studied nonprofit organizations’ use of social media for communications and interactions with supporters. However, there has been limited research examining the impact of social media on charitable giving. This research attempts to address the gap by empirically examining the relationship between the use of social media and charitable giving for nonprofit organizations. We employ a data set of the Nonprofit Times’ top 100 nonprofits ranked by total revenue for the empirical analysis. As measures for social media traction, i.e., how extensively nonprofits draw supporters on their social media sites, we use Facebook Likes, Twitter Followers, and Instagram …


Operations Research In Civil And Environmental Engineering, Nicholas Lownes Jan 2024

Operations Research In Civil And Environmental Engineering, Nicholas Lownes

Open Educational Resource

The purpose of this text is introduce fundamental operations research techniques to the civil and/or environmental engineering student, providing a broad background in linear programming, integer programming and network optimization. The material is presented in such a manner so that the student does not need an extensive background in operations research or or linear algebra. Applications include transportation engineering, project management and general civil and environmental engineering applications.


Cooperative Trucks And Drones For Rural Last-Mile Delivery With Steep Roads, Jiuhong Xiao, Ying Li, Zhiguang Cao, Jianhua Xiao Jan 2024

Cooperative Trucks And Drones For Rural Last-Mile Delivery With Steep Roads, Jiuhong Xiao, Ying Li, Zhiguang Cao, Jianhua Xiao

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

The cooperative delivery of trucks and drones promises considerable advantages in delivery efficiency and environmental friendliness over pure fossil fuel fleets. As the prosperity of rural B2C e-commerce grows, this study intends to explore the prospect of this cooperation mode for rural last-mile delivery by developing a green vehicle routing problem with drones that considers the presence of steep roads (GVRPD-SR). Realistic energy consumption calculations for trucks and drones that both consider the impacts of general factors and steep roads are incorporated into the GVRPD-SR model, and the objective is to minimize the total energy consumption. To solve the proposed …


The Effects Of Blue Light From Digital Displays On Visual Fatigue, Victor Taboadela Dec 2023

The Effects Of Blue Light From Digital Displays On Visual Fatigue, Victor Taboadela

Theses

With the ever-increasing viewing time of digital displays, the potential effects of blue light emitted from these displays on eye health and eye fatigue are a real concern. This study presents a literature review of six laboratory studies conducted between 2014 and 2022 on the effect of using filters to attenuate the harmful effects of blue light. The review delves into smartphone and computer screen effects, recent literature reviews on blue light, and potential hazards associated with short-wavelength light. Although the majority of the studies recommended blue light filters, only three of the six laboratory studies (Shi et al. 2021, …


Modeling Of Amine-Based Co2 Capture Process, Zafar Safarovich Turakulov Dec 2023

Modeling Of Amine-Based Co2 Capture Process, Zafar Safarovich Turakulov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

A significant factor influencing climate change is the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere as a consequence of human activities such as the combustion of fossil fuels. Climate change can be slowed down by taking action to mitigate industrial-scale CO2 emissions. Currently, the most advanced technology for capturing CO2 from industrial flue gases is the post-combustion CO2 capture based on amine absorption. However, due to the high energy penalties of existing CO2 capture technologies and insufficient carbon markets, it is necessary to develop methods that compete with these technologies or minimize their …


The Use Of Ultraviolet Radiation As A Means Of Destroying Microorganisms In Cherries, Jasur Safarov, Shaxnoza Sultanova, Pulatov M. Murodjon Dec 2023

The Use Of Ultraviolet Radiation As A Means Of Destroying Microorganisms In Cherries, Jasur Safarov, Shaxnoza Sultanova, Pulatov M. Murodjon

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article discusses methods for extending the shelf life of cherries, having previously treated it with an ultraviolet ray. The article also presents the results obtained, which prove that the shelf life of cherries exposed to ultraviolet increases. At the same time, the article describes in detail the processing technique and presents the results of research.


Study Of Dynamic Characteristics Of The Mechanical Circuit Of The Developed Induction Inertial Vibration Transducer, Sulton Fayzullayevich Amirov, Asror Abdunabiyevich Shoimkulov Dec 2023

Study Of Dynamic Characteristics Of The Mechanical Circuit Of The Developed Induction Inertial Vibration Transducer, Sulton Fayzullayevich Amirov, Asror Abdunabiyevich Shoimkulov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article examines the dynamic characteristics of the mechanical circuit of the developed induction vibration transducer. It is found that in the investigated transducers forced oscillations occur with the frequency of the input disturbing force, the amplitude of forced oscillations does not depend on the initial conditions and time, and in forced oscillations with damping there is always a shift of the oscillation phase compared to the phase of the input disturbing force. It is shown that the induction vibration transducer reproduces the measured vibrations with small distortions only in a relatively narrow frequency region at frequencies of the input …


Mathematical Models And Calculation Of Parameters Of Optoelectronic Angular Displacement Converters, Yuriy Gennadyevich Shipulin, Azimjon Khusanov Dec 2023

Mathematical Models And Calculation Of Parameters Of Optoelectronic Angular Displacement Converters, Yuriy Gennadyevich Shipulin, Azimjon Khusanov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article discusses promising optoelectronic converters (OP) for wide application of angular movements. A methodology and diagram for calculating OP with the transverse movement of a moving element is presented; in order to simplify the calculation, the weight range of angular movements is conventionally divided into three sub ranges. A graph is given of the dependence of the area of the photosensitive surface of a photo resistor made from a single crystal of high-resistivity p-type silicon.


Improvement Of Calorimetric Quality Analyzers For Substances, Makhfuza Azimovna Radjabova Dec 2023

Improvement Of Calorimetric Quality Analyzers For Substances, Makhfuza Azimovna Radjabova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

It is noted that the development of intelligent means of measuring qualitative indices is of topical importance. Since the quality of many substances is determined by optical methods, an algorithm for spectrophotometric data processing has been developed, which consists of primary data processing (stage I) and determination of qualitative indices of liquid products (stage II). Since the task of numerical determination of colour characteristics of transmittance coefficients of liquid samples is incorrectly set, it is recommended to use regularization methods of A.N.Tikhonov to improve metrological characteristics of the device. On the basis of regularization methods for solving incorrect problems, algorithms …


Improvements Of The Control System For The Technological Process Of Drying Bulk Materials, Azizbek Nodirbekovich, Dilmurod Ikromovich Dec 2023

Improvements Of The Control System For The Technological Process Of Drying Bulk Materials, Azizbek Nodirbekovich, Dilmurod Ikromovich

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The issues of convective drying of bulk materials as objects of monitoring, control and advanced management are presented based on the results of simulation modeling of a complex heat and mass transfer process, taking into account the drying kinetics. As a result of the work of a number of them, in the last few decades neat hypotheses were formed about moisture migration in and around dried materials, which led to the creation of accurate mathematical models of drying behavior, with successfully applied in a wide range of fields. The reasons for this are the dynamics of processes in the drying …


Application Of Quantum Algorithms In The Synthesis Of Dynamic Objects, Noilakhon Yakubova Dec 2023

Application Of Quantum Algorithms In The Synthesis Of Dynamic Objects, Noilakhon Yakubova

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

Around the world, the food industry is focusing on achieving energy and resource efficiency. One of the main challenges in the field of process automation is the creation of effective control systems using intelligent technologies to improve the quality of processes and achieve the production of high-quality products with less energy and resources. Therefore, it is necessary to work with a large amount of data. Particular attention is paid to the development of computational algorithms for automated high-speed computational analysis systems for processing this data at high speed. Therefore, the article discusses the use of quantum computing methods in controlling …


System For Advanced Control Of Thermal Parameters Of Glass Furnaces, O'Tkir Xolmanov Dec 2023

System For Advanced Control Of Thermal Parameters Of Glass Furnaces, O'Tkir Xolmanov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The results of an analysis of the functioning of glass furnaces for melting semi-white or discolored glass as an object of automatic control and management are presented. Through experimental research, a parametric control scheme for a glass melting furnace was formed and a system for improved control of thermal glass melting processes was synthesized. The proposed system regulates the parameters of a furnace with a horseshoe-shaped flame development. Based on commercially produced instruments and automation equipment that ensure stabilization of thermal conditions of glass melting. The burner block control algorithm provides control over the performance of the gas burner, safety …


Intelligent Decision Support System, Khurshid Salim Ugli Turayev Dec 2023

Intelligent Decision Support System, Khurshid Salim Ugli Turayev

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The article studies issues related to the development of intelligent systems located in an environment capable of perceiving this environment and acting autonomously to achieve assigned tasks. To create an intelligent process control system, it is necessary to monitor the mode to ensure high quality of finished products with minimal energy consumption at a given productivity of the entire complex. It is important to have a flow of input data to provide the system with operational information to support decision making.

The proposed intelligent control system makes it possible to analyze the results of production activities to make organizational and …


Life Cycle Management Of A Technological Complex For Separating Multicomponent Mixtures Under Conditions Of Uncertainty Of Parameters, Yusuf Shodievich Avazov Dec 2023

Life Cycle Management Of A Technological Complex For Separating Multicomponent Mixtures Under Conditions Of Uncertainty Of Parameters, Yusuf Shodievich Avazov

Chemical Technology, Control and Management

The issue of control the lifecycle of technological complexes of multicomponent mixtures is considered, taking into account the uncertainty of parameters. Among uncertainties such as parameter uncertainty, model uncertainty, choice uncertainty under variability, spatial variability uncertainty, temporal variability uncertainty, inter-site variability uncertainty, more attention is paid to input parameter uncertainty and action uncertainty. The rectification technology is schematically presented, the influence of parameter uncertainty on the technological functions of the rectification complex. The scheme analyzes the control and assessment of “uncertainty” to repeat the lifecycle of the rectification complex and make changes to the components of the rectification complex technology. …


Development Of Several Typical Virtual Reality Fusion Technologies, Qiqi Feng, Zhiming Dong, Wencheng Peng, Yi Dai, Bingshan Si Dec 2023

Development Of Several Typical Virtual Reality Fusion Technologies, Qiqi Feng, Zhiming Dong, Wencheng Peng, Yi Dai, Bingshan Si

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Virtual reality fusion can realize the two-way interaction, mapping and linkage between virtual world and physical world, which attracts the attention of countries in the world. In order to sort out and make statistics on concept connotation, academic status and application of the related new technologies, digital twin, cyber-physical systems, metaverse and live-virtual-constructive simulation are taken as representatives. The comparison on the development process, functional characteristics, target trends, etc. is carried out.


Data Simulation Testing Framework For Complex Process Equipment Software, Jinkun Zhang, Longfei Shi, Chi Hu, Hao Zhang, Yonghui Yang Dec 2023

Data Simulation Testing Framework For Complex Process Equipment Software, Jinkun Zhang, Longfei Shi, Chi Hu, Hao Zhang, Yonghui Yang

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Due to the complex task, tight coupling, strict timing, and a large amount of interchange data, the technical threshold of automated testing of bus communication equipment software is high, and the implementation is difficult. The ideas of data-driven testing and keyword-driven testing are introduced, and a data simulation testing framework is proposed. Configuration rules are formulated and implemented in the framework. Testers can simulate peripheral data for complex process equipment software and implement automated testing by only focusing on the task analysis, and configuring interchange data and keywords. There is no need to develop test scripts, which reduces the …


Urban Uav Path Planning Based On Improved Beetle Search Algorithm, Qingqing Yang, Minyi Deng, Yi Peng Dec 2023

Urban Uav Path Planning Based On Improved Beetle Search Algorithm, Qingqing Yang, Minyi Deng, Yi Peng

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: An improved SABAS is proposed to improve the safety and path smoothing of UAV missions in urban multi-obstacle environments and to obtain the shortest path. The algorithm no longer completely depends on the difference of odor concentration between the left and the right tentacles of beetle when exploring the path for position update. Instead, it makes full use of the strong searching ability of BAS algorithm, and introduces the annealing algorithm to add the neighborhood position solution of the next position, and finally selects the next best position from the neighborhood position solution. Metropolis criterion of annealing algorithm is …


Reliable Emergency Rescue Model Of Uavs Based On Blockchain, Mengyao Du, Kai Xu, Miao Zhang, Xiang Fu, Quanjun Yin Dec 2023

Reliable Emergency Rescue Model Of Uavs Based On Blockchain, Mengyao Du, Kai Xu, Miao Zhang, Xiang Fu, Quanjun Yin

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Natural disasters may unpredictably disrupt ground communication infrastructure and transportation systems, and UAVs emergency response can deal with such uncertainties and highly dynamic scenarios. Aiming at the robustness requirements of decentralized rescue systems. UAV emergency rescue chain (UERChain) based on blockchain technology is proposed. By deploying UAV backbone nodes within a layered local network, the smart contracts for managing reputation considering UAV social relationships are designed. The blockchain is employed as a trust mechanism to realize the trustworthy interactions among distributed UAVs. Experimental results show that, UERChain has higher robustness, and within controllable resource constraints, the reputation management and …


Task Scheduling For Internet Of Vehicles Based On Deep Reinforcement Learning In Edge Computing, Xiang Ju, Shengchao Su, Chaojie Xu, Beibei He Dec 2023

Task Scheduling For Internet Of Vehicles Based On Deep Reinforcement Learning In Edge Computing, Xiang Ju, Shengchao Su, Chaojie Xu, Beibei He

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Aiming at the offloading and execution of delay-constrained computing tasks for internet of vehicles in edge computing, a task scheduling method based on deep reinforcement learning is proposed. In multi-edge server scenario, a software-defined network-aided internet of vehicles task offloading system is built. On this basis, the task scheduling model of vehicle computation offloading is given. According to the characteristics of task scheduling, a scheduling method based on an improved pointer network is designed. Considering the complexity of task scheduling and computing resource allocation, the deep reinforcement learning algorithm is used to train the pointer network. The vehicle offloading …


Unrelated Parallel Machine Scheduling With Additional Resource And Learning Effect, Youlian Zheng, Deming Lei Dec 2023

Unrelated Parallel Machine Scheduling With Additional Resource And Learning Effect, Youlian Zheng, Deming Lei

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: To solve unrelated parallel machine scheduling problem(UPMSP) with additional resource and learning effect, a dynamical artificial bee colony(DABC) algorithm is proposed to minimize the makespan. A new representation and decoding process is given and two initial bee swarms are constructed. A swarm evaluation method is applied to dynamically decide employed bee swarms and onlooker bee swarms. Employed bee phase and onlooker bee phase are implemented in different ways to increase exploration ability. The experimental results show that the new strategies of DABC are effective and reasonable, and can obtain results with better convergence, average value and stability, which d …


Airport Operational Efficiency Evaluation Based On Combined Weighting-Topsis Model, Jie Hu, Fan Bao Dec 2023

Airport Operational Efficiency Evaluation Based On Combined Weighting-Topsis Model, Jie Hu, Fan Bao

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: In order to improve the scientificity and comprehensiveness of the airport operational efficiency evaluation, a new method based on the combined weighting-TOPSIS model is proposed. From 4 dimensions of stand operational efficiency, passenger boarding efficiency, aircraft taxiing efficiency, and coordination efficiency, a new airport operational efficiency evaluation system consisting of 11 indicators, such as flight approach rate, corridor bridge turnover rate, stand change ratio, etc., are constructed. G1 method and entropy weight method are implemented respectively to calculate the subjective and objective weights of the evaluation indicators, and the combined weights are calculated by minimizing the deviation of subjective …


Research On Network Public Opinion Propagation Model Of Major Epidemics Under Cross-Infection Of Double Emotions, Yaming Zhang, Yanyuan Su, Guiru Zhao, Xiaoyu Guo Dec 2023

Research On Network Public Opinion Propagation Model Of Major Epidemics Under Cross-Infection Of Double Emotions, Yaming Zhang, Yanyuan Su, Guiru Zhao, Xiaoyu Guo

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Major epidemics provoke a variety of netizens' emotions. To some degree, the interaction of netizens' intense emotions determine the development direction of public opinion. Considering the complexity and dual emotional contagion, the impact of emotional factors in network public opinion is quantified to three dimensions indicators, emotional enhancement, differences and conversion rates. SIPINR public opinion propagation model is constructed. The equilibrium points and the transmission threshold are estimated and the stability is proved. The law of network public opinion propagation during major epidemics is revealed through numerical simulation. The results show that the dual emotional contagion would lead to …


Automatic Target Recognition Of Substation 3d Scene For Digital Twin, Qian Tu, Jun Li, Dongliang Fan, Qi Kong, Jie Shen Dec 2023

Automatic Target Recognition Of Substation 3d Scene For Digital Twin, Qian Tu, Jun Li, Dongliang Fan, Qi Kong, Jie Shen

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: In order to improve the accuracy of automatic target recognition and promote the effect on substation operation and maintenance, automatic target recognition of substation 3D scene for digital twin is proposed. The automatic target recognition model for the three dimensional scene of the substation is constructed. The perception module of the model is used to collect the real-time status data of substation, and the communication module is used to transmit the data to digital twin modules. This module, based on the received data information, realizes the deep fusion and panoramic mapping of substation information through the knowledge base constructed …


Application Of Improved Path Tracking Algorithm In Robot Slam, Qian Li, Ye Tao, Hui Li Dec 2023

Application Of Improved Path Tracking Algorithm In Robot Slam, Qian Li, Ye Tao, Hui Li

Journal of System Simulation

Abstract: Mapping is an important part of automated logistics. At present, SLAM is widely used. However, in large-scale scenes, errors are accumulated because robots often repeatedly measure and scan the region edge, which makes it impossible to quickly build a high-precision and complete map. An autonomous mapping method based on auxiliary path tracking is proposed, in which the given initial sketch is grid denoised and the auxiliary path is fitted and improved by multi segment cubic polynomial. The improved pure pursuit algorithm is used to guide the robot to build the map and improve the total distance and time of …