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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer May 2023

The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer

International and Global Studies Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Kingdom of Eswatini, also known as Swaziland, has one of the youngest populations in the world with over 70% of citizens being under the age of 18 years old. This creates a substantial opportunity for economic, social, and educational growth in a country previously plagued with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, poor health care infrastructure cutting off thousands from basic care, and an educational system with a very low attendance rate and an even lower graduation rate. By evaluating the root causes of such issues dating back to the colonial era there is an opportunity to reprioritize health care ...


Approaching Trans Healthcare Competency: The Implementation Of Trans Health Education For Medical Providers In Appalachia, Rebecca Altschuler May 2023

Approaching Trans Healthcare Competency: The Implementation Of Trans Health Education For Medical Providers In Appalachia, Rebecca Altschuler

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Barriers to competent and safe healthcare disproportionately impact people who are marginalized because of their race, ethnicity, gender, or socioeconomic status. It is well documented that transgender patients in particular experience barriers to both accessing care and receiving high quality, non-discriminatory care (Hatzenbuehler & Pachankis, 2016; James et al., 2016; Rahman et al., 2019; Safer et al., 2016). This lack of access to culturally competent healthcare services contributes to health disparities that disproportionately impact the trans community. Literature on barriers to competent care for trans patients indicates that providers experience discomfort related to their ability to provide competent care (Safer et al., 2016 ...


How Well Do Students Perform On A Five-Paragraph Analysis Essay When Writing Digitally Versus Handwritten?, Brittany Coryell Dec 2022

How Well Do Students Perform On A Five-Paragraph Analysis Essay When Writing Digitally Versus Handwritten?, Brittany Coryell

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

Technology use in the secondary education setting has been increasing since the early 2000s, but with the coronavirus pandemic in 2020, when students learned remotely, technology use exponentially increased. Many districts provided devices for their students to continue their schoolwork. As we return to the classroom, should assignments remain technology-based or return to handwritten assignments? In this study, the researcher focused on identifying whether handwritten work or typing is more effective when developing a five-paragraph analysis essay in a ninth-grade classroom. Students were given the same curriculum throughout the study, but one group was given the curriculum through worksheets to ...


The Impact Of Personalized Email Invitations On The Survey Response Rate Of First-Year Community College Students, Stephanie Keister Dec 2022

The Impact Of Personalized Email Invitations On The Survey Response Rate Of First-Year Community College Students, Stephanie Keister

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

First-year community college students are a population of immense interest to community college administrators as first-year students encounter unique challenges than can impede them from graduation. Administrators depend on the college’s office of institutional research to gather first-year student experience data so that they can plan and implement programs which might encourage students to reach graduation. Institutional researchers regularly use surveys to ascertain this valuable first-year student data. Unfortunately, first-year students have low response rates to survey requests. Previous studies on improving college students’ survey response rates have focused primarily on students at four-year institutions. This study aims to ...


Impact Of Organizational Structure On Community Engagement Outcomes, Christy Arrazattee Dec 2022

Impact Of Organizational Structure On Community Engagement Outcomes, Christy Arrazattee

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

Community engagement has been embedded into higher education institutions since the early 1990s, yet scholars and practitioners still debate if there is an ideal reporting structure for coordinating offices (Jacoby, 2014). This study involved a quantitative analysis of 72 institutions who submitted information to the National Inventory of Institutional Infrastructure for Community Engagement survey (NI³CE – pronounced “nice”) between 2017 and 2020. Institutions were categorized by organizational structure (centralized vs. decentralized) and by reporting line (Academic Affairs, Student Affairs, Joint Academic Affairs/ Student Affairs, Outreach, and decentralized). Using the NI³CE inventory and scoring system, points were awarded to institutions based on ...


The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Of Faculty Towards Scholarly And Predatory Open Access Publishing, Julie Schiavo Dec 2022

The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Of Faculty Towards Scholarly And Predatory Open Access Publishing, Julie Schiavo

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

Faculty have many options regarding publishing their scholarly research. Yet, along with the growth and development of scholarly open access, predatory open access publishing was created as a business devoted to making a profit at the expense of high-quality scholarship. Many faculty are not aware of the process to publish in an open access journal, the benefits of choosing such a model for their research, or the differences between a scholarly and a predatory open access publisher. The problem addressed in this study was the lack of knowledge about the motivations and behaviors of faculty when choosing publication venues for ...


Need Assessment For Academic Programs And Support Services For Black Male Stem Students At A Rural Historically Black College And University In Mississippi, Monica Burr Dec 2022

Need Assessment For Academic Programs And Support Services For Black Male Stem Students At A Rural Historically Black College And University In Mississippi, Monica Burr

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

The topic of Black student success in STEM at HBCUs has been extensively documented. This STEM pipeline is a pivotal tool to address the global demand for a STEM educated workforce. The purpose of this study was to assess the awareness of and attitudes of Black male STEM students towards academic programs and student support services at a rural university in the south. A quantitative descriptive survey research design was used to systematically explore factors that Black male STEM students associate with their academic success during the 2021 fall academic semester. Results from the study found that participants were aware ...


The Slippery-Slope Of Privatizing Public Colleges And Universities In The United States, Scott Anthony Manganello Dec 2022

The Slippery-Slope Of Privatizing Public Colleges And Universities In The United States, Scott Anthony Manganello

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

ABSTRACT

This study proposes to examine a series of peer-reviewed articles and books on this subject, along with analyzing the opinions of higher education stakeholders such as higher education administrators/professors and state legislatures to understand (1) the role that higher education privatization plays in the future of public higher education in the United States; (2) how larger budget cuts for higher education are generating the growth of higher education privatization in the United States; and (3) how the rising cost of student tuition along with other factors are contributing to the growth of higher education privatization. The goal of ...


The Impact Of Utilizing Non-Permanent Workspaces As A Formative Assessment Tool On Students’ Outcomes And Attitudes Towards Mathematics In A Middle School Math Classroom, Robert Minkkinen Aug 2022

The Impact Of Utilizing Non-Permanent Workspaces As A Formative Assessment Tool On Students’ Outcomes And Attitudes Towards Mathematics In A Middle School Math Classroom, Robert Minkkinen

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The present study investigated the effectiveness of utilizing non-permanent workspaces as formative assessment tools for middle school mathematics students in regards to their academic performance and feelings or attitudes towards mathematics. The researcher took two sections of eight grade basic algebra students, and implemented the practice of utilizing non-permanent workspaces as formative assessment tools with one section, and similar formative assessment strategies with the other section of students, but without the non-permanent workspaces. The participants from both sections took a pretest and post-test to determine the academic effectiveness of implementing the non-permanent workspaces. The participants from both sections also completed ...


Parental Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Synchronous And Asynchronous Online Learning At An Urban/Suburban Elementary School During Covid-19, Bracken Healy Aug 2022

Parental Perceptions Of The Effectiveness Of Synchronous And Asynchronous Online Learning At An Urban/Suburban Elementary School During Covid-19, Bracken Healy

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The aim of this qualitative research study was to examine parents’ perceptions of the effectiveness of synchronous and asynchronous online learning at an urban/suburban elementary school during the COVID-19 pandemic. The second goal of this research study was to add to the literature on online learning models through gathering valuable information regarding synchronous and asynchronous online instructional models. The following 3 major themes emerged during the data collection phase of this study: quality of instruction, parental support, and student motivation. Parents overwhelming believed that the quality of instruction was far superior in fall 2020 when the school employed a ...


Recruitment And Retention Of Active Military And Veteran Students At Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College, Christen Duhe Aug 2022

Recruitment And Retention Of Active Military And Veteran Students At Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College, Christen Duhe

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

In 2015, the estimated veteran population for Mississippi was 200,000–350,000 and the veteran population in the U.S. in 2019 was estimated to be 19,209,704. Of this number, only 910,000 utilized their education benefits (USDVA, 2019). Comparable to national trends, active military members and veterans are not being effectively targeted and recruited to become students at Mississippi community colleges. Moreover, the enrolled military students and veterans were also found to experience more difficulties in higher education than their civilian peers (Smith et al., 2017). The purpose of this research was to identify the strategies ...


Students' Perceptions Of Campus Police Officers On Two-Year College Campuses, Blythe King Aug 2022

Students' Perceptions Of Campus Police Officers On Two-Year College Campuses, Blythe King

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

Campus law enforcement officers are a necessary component to the college environment. Over the last decade, law enforcement officers and their practices have been scrutinized nationally and have become the topic of a heated debate over the necessity of the profession. The purpose of this study was to investigate students’ perceptions of campus police officers on two-year college campuses. Specifically, this study examined the students’ understanding of the unique roles of campus police officers. Additionally, this study assessed students’ trust in the abilities of campus police officers to provide a safe learning environment. Key results indicated that students lack an ...


Disability Disclosure And Academic Advising: Factors That Influence Disability Disclosure To An Academic Advisor, Autumn Grant Aug 2022

Disability Disclosure And Academic Advising: Factors That Influence Disability Disclosure To An Academic Advisor, Autumn Grant

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

The National Center for Education Statistics revealed that in 2015-2016, 19.4% of undergraduate students reported having a disability. Further data convey that students with disabilities have lower graduation and retention rates than their non-disabled peers. Academic advising has a long-standing linkage to retention and success; however, academic advisors frequently feel that they are in a better place to support students with disabilities if they understand the impact of the disability on academic life. Existing literature focuses on factors that influence students to disclose a disability to obtain reasonable accommodations from an institution's disability/accessibility office and disclosure to ...


Student Affairs Supervisor Training, Preparation, And Perception Of Job Satisfaction, Emily Holmes Aug 2022

Student Affairs Supervisor Training, Preparation, And Perception Of Job Satisfaction, Emily Holmes

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

Student affairs professionals are critical to the overall success of institutions of higher learning. Currently, the profession is at a turning point in navigating many complex issues. One of these issues is ensuring adequate levels of job satisfaction and employee morale. Units who employ supervisors who are competent leaders can see increased employee satisfaction and morale when training appropriately to handle the complexities of supervising others. When supervisors are ill-equipped to manage, employees report increased issues in the workplace. The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of student affairs supervisors related to their preparation and training. Specifically ...


Syntactic Complexity In Reading Comprehension: An Eye-Tracking Study Of Text Processing Among Bilinguals And Monolinguals, Guoqin Ding Aug 2022

Syntactic Complexity In Reading Comprehension: An Eye-Tracking Study Of Text Processing Among Bilinguals And Monolinguals, Guoqin Ding

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For Chinese students, studying in a country with different cultural components and language structures is challenging. Compared to English, the Chinese prefers shorter and simple sentence structure and allows for two sentences to be stated side by side. Different sentence structures in Chinese may influence native-Chinese readers’ understanding of English sentences and even a whole text. This exploratory study examined whether there were any differences between English monolingual and Chinese-English children while reading varied English texts with simple or complex structures at different reading difficulty levels. This study explored the differences across texts and readers, as well as the possible ...


An Examination Of The Golden Ratio In General Education Classrooms, Carrie Mclaughlin Aug 2022

An Examination Of The Golden Ratio In General Education Classrooms, Carrie Mclaughlin

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A large body of research indicates use of praise as a response to appropriate behavior is an effective classroom management strategy to increase appropriate behavior and decrease problem behavior. Since prior research also suggested that teachers tend to have more negative interactions with students than positive ones, use of a specific praise to reprimand ratio is commonly recommended in teacher preparation programs and professional development. However, recommendations regarding the optimal ratio vary and there is limited evidence to support use of any specific ratio. There have also been relatively few studies examining naturally occurring rates of teacher praise, reprimands, and ...


Intra-Operative Language Assessment For Adult Brain Tumor Survivors: A Systematic Review, Carissa Jolley Aug 2022

Intra-Operative Language Assessment For Adult Brain Tumor Survivors: A Systematic Review, Carissa Jolley

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Awake craniotomy and language assessment procedures for brain tumor survivors can drastically affect patient outcomes and quality of life. The goal of intra-operative language mapping is to help preserve vital communicative functions. However, there is currently no standardized set of measures for intra-operative language assessment. This systematic review identified behavioral language measures used during intra-operative procedures and the resulting outcomes for adult brain tumor patients, with the aim of helping clinicians and researchers select intra-operative language assessments supported by the highest levels of evidence.

PRISMA guidelines were used to systematically identify articles. Patient demographic and medical information, neuroimaging data, intra-operative ...


An Investigation Of Active Learning On Students' Understanding Of Infinite Series Convergence, Zachary Coverstone Aug 2022

An Investigation Of Active Learning On Students' Understanding Of Infinite Series Convergence, Zachary Coverstone

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Many students encounter infinite series for the first time as part of their single-variable calculus coursework. As part of this initial engagement with infinite series convergence, students grapple with infinity in ways that they haven't had to before. For instance, the fact that summing infinitely many terms sometimes yields a finite value, but at other times diverges, poses significant conceptual challenges.

I recently designed and implemented a curriculum for second-semester calculus centered in doing problems to help students develop ideas surrounding infinite series convergence, rather than using direct instruction. The unit design was patterned after a workshop at the ...


Effects Of Phonemic Awareness And Oral Reading Fluency, Melissa Vetsch-Larson Jul 2022

Effects Of Phonemic Awareness And Oral Reading Fluency, Melissa Vetsch-Larson

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

Teaching students to read is a task that teachers are assigned to every school year. Many theories and theorists have given their take on the best way to teach students to read. Phonemic awareness has been in the forefront of reading instruction and currently is becoming a staple in many classrooms. This research study took a look at the correlation between phonemic awareness growth and oral reading fluency growth in a first-grade classroom working with mid-level students in a small group setting. The researcher used Path to Reading Excellence in School Sites (PRESS) phonemic intervention and curriculum-based measurement (CBM) for ...


Perceived Barriers To Degree Completion Among Complete 2 Compete Applicants, Amber Palmer Jul 2022

Perceived Barriers To Degree Completion Among Complete 2 Compete Applicants, Amber Palmer

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

The purpose of this study was to explore eligible Complete 2 Compete (C2C) program applicants’ perceived barriers to degree completion. A total of 9,345 individuals were invited to participate in the study who applied to the C2C program yet did not engage in the process to complete their degree. Of this number, 167 completed the survey. The survey instrument was utilized to collect both quantitative and qualitative data required to examine the applicants’ perceived barriers to degree completion. Data analysis revealed that in addition to the common research-based barriers faced by adult learners, including institutional and situational barriers, issues ...


Black Alumnae Experiences In Historically White Sororities, Shaleeah R. Smith Jul 2022

Black Alumnae Experiences In Historically White Sororities, Shaleeah R. Smith

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

The first historically white sorority, Alpha Delta Pi, was founded in 1851. Most historically white sororities did not begin to openly accept Black members until the mid-1900s. Since the summer of 2020, many people have been calling for racial justice reform, including within fraternities and sororities. This study sought to fill the gap in literature on Black women’s experiences in historically white sororities. The purpose of this study was to understand Black women’s experiences and their motivations to join historically white sororities. The study utilized Critical Race Theory and Black Feminist Thought as the guiding framework. The investigation ...


Challenges And Adaptations Of Higher Education Music Faculty During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Terrie Sanders Jul 2022

Challenges And Adaptations Of Higher Education Music Faculty During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Terrie Sanders

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

During the Covid-19 pandemic, the risks of singing or playing instruments were identified as an obstacle concerning face-to-face instruction in university performing arts departments because of the respiratory droplets expelled while performing (Spahn & Richter, 2020). This study investigated the instructional and pedagogical challenges that music faculty at nine colleges within the University of Louisiana System encountered because of the Covid-19 pandemic. Using qualitative phenomenological research and individual interviews with faculty members, this study sought to identify challenges specific to music teachers in higher education and the ways in which they adapted to these obstacles. The results of this study revealed that online music lessons and virtual ensembles were implemented and proved to be successful to some degree, but music faculty asserted that these adaptations were inferior to the traditional collaboration characterized by in person vocal and instrumental lessons as well as instrumental and vocal ensembles (McCoy, 2020; Naunheim et al., 2020). Although all educators encountered challenges during the pandemic, the primary focus of this research was on the challenges that were unique to music faculty in higher education and the innovations that resulted from their experiences. This study provides insight into the unique instructional technique of music faculty as well as best practices used during the pandemic. As such, it is of particular interest ...


Faculty Leadership Institute: A Case Study In Leadership Development In Higher Education, Kelly Lester Jul 2022

Faculty Leadership Institute: A Case Study In Leadership Development In Higher Education, Kelly Lester

School of Education Doctoral Projects - Higher Education

The Faculty Leadership Institute (FLI) at the University of Southern Mississippi aims to support cross-campus community for faculty interested in leadership within the program, discipline, or institutional level. A formative assessment of the FLI program evaluated the efficacy of the program, the impact for faculty fellows, and the relationship to institutional priorities. The formative assessment of the program incorporated a combined utilization and logic model to evaluate the data through the participatory lens of the facilitator and the inputs and outputs of the program. A document review, focus group, and semi-structured interviews encompassed the data collected. The analytic process involved ...


University-Industry-Collaborations In Egypt: Academics’ Perception Of Motivators And Success Factors, Ingy Ibrahim Saad Darwish Jun 2022

University-Industry-Collaborations In Egypt: Academics’ Perception Of Motivators And Success Factors, Ingy Ibrahim Saad Darwish

Theses and Dissertations

In today’s knowledge-based economies immense attention has been given to the links between industry and academia. Industries have increasingly realized the value from forging strong ties with universities and are constantly seeking strategic alliances in order to enhance their competitiveness and gain a stronger knowledge base. The Egyptian government has reaffirmed its intentions on boosting national innovation levels and has placed university-industry collaborations amongst its top priorities. While Egypt does have a considerably robust industrial sector, its potential in fostering innovation and technological development will remain hampered if policy makers remain unaware of the knowledge transfer channels in Egypt ...


The Elementary School Principal's Influence On Teacher Hiring Practice & Decision Making, Courtney Goodman Jun 2022

The Elementary School Principal's Influence On Teacher Hiring Practice & Decision Making, Courtney Goodman

Dissertations

In the role of a building principal, the hiring process is among the most critical components of the job, particularly hiring the right people for the right positions. Yet, hiring approaches vary from principal to principal, building to building, district to district. This study surveyed and interviewed principals and administrators about their hiring processes to determine the most effective and evidence-based approaches to hiring. It identifies several strategies to streamline the hiring process, including using a common set of tools for hiring, adhering to a set timeline for the hiring process, and focusing on criteria for hiring decision-making. This research ...


A Case For Comprehensive Work-Based Learning And Career Education For New York City’S Public High School Students, Jacqueline De La Cruz Jun 2022

A Case For Comprehensive Work-Based Learning And Career Education For New York City’S Public High School Students, Jacqueline De La Cruz

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

As children progress through grades K-12 they are often asked what they would like to be when they grow up, but there are few opportunities for exposure to real world work experiences while they are in school. While many radical scholars have critiqued the primacy of the economic goals of schooling, in this paper I embrace the connection between education and employability to advocate for career education and work-based learning programs to bolster students’ postsecondary plans. Work-based learning does not substitute traditional forms of education and schooling, but when aligned with tenets of learning and career theories, it has the ...


A Case Study Of Secondary Students' Perspectives On Standards-Based Grading And The Development Of 21st Century Learner Attributes, Michelle Blackley Jun 2022

A Case Study Of Secondary Students' Perspectives On Standards-Based Grading And The Development Of 21st Century Learner Attributes, Michelle Blackley

Dissertations

Implementation of standards-based grading (SBG) practices can be a high benefit, low-cost initiative that directly impacts student achievement and growth. This case study aimed to determine if the theoretical value of SBG outlined in research aligns to the students’ perspectives of its value on academic learning, growth and development of 21st century skills. Secondary students were interviewed and responses were organized into three themes: development of 21st century learner attributes, strengths of SBG and areas to improve. Results revealed that SBG supports individualized learning pace, development of a growth mindset, emotional well-being, student to teacher collaboration and 21st ...


Equitable Assessment For Elementary Dual-Language Learners, Joliette Mandel Jun 2022

Equitable Assessment For Elementary Dual-Language Learners, Joliette Mandel

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis points out the contradictions between the goals of standardized testing and the goals of dual-language elementary education. I argue that dual-language elementary schools in the New York City Department of Education would be better served by a performance assessment model to measure student and school accountability for several reasons. Performance assessment is more equitable for students who are marginalized by their race, language, or class. Many students who attend dual-language schools in the NYCDOE fall into all these categories. I will discuss in depth why standardized testing is failing students, particularly those in dual-language elementary programs. Next, I ...


The Effects Of Education And Cognitive Skills On Employability And Earnings For Labor Market Entrants: Evidence From Large-Scale Worldwide Survey Data, Yongchao Zhao Jun 2022

The Effects Of Education And Cognitive Skills On Employability And Earnings For Labor Market Entrants: Evidence From Large-Scale Worldwide Survey Data, Yongchao Zhao

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

People’s stock of knowledge, abilities, and other personal characteristics, namely human capital, has been widely regarded as a fundamental input to both individuals' ability to earn a living and to fuel economic growth. Traditionally, formal education has been widely considered as a good investment in human capital and an extensive literature has shown that it has a positive and strong association with labor market success. However, considering the global knowledge economy, which emphasizes skills and knowledge, the economic benefits of formal education are being questioned, as findings from recent research reviews revealed that the overall rate of return to ...


When The Elite Control Public Education: A Critical Inquiry On Charter Schools, Marisela Palafox Jun 2022

When The Elite Control Public Education: A Critical Inquiry On Charter Schools, Marisela Palafox

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis takes a critical look into charter schools in New York City. Through this thesis, I want to answer questions regarding who benefits from the current charter school model in NYC and why this current state of schooling is detrimental to marginalized children. As a former NYC public school student, I know first-hand that good intentions by white educators (and thus white systems) do not always result in beneficial outcomes for the most vulnerable.