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Full-Text Articles in Business

Impact Of Burnout On Risk-Taking: The Role Of Managerial Political Skill, Ashleigh M. Vignes Dec 2022

Impact Of Burnout On Risk-Taking: The Role Of Managerial Political Skill, Ashleigh M. Vignes

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between burnout, moral disengagement, risk-taking attitude, and managerial political skill. Using conservation of resources (COR) theory, this study seeks to determine what happens when employees who are experiencing burnout continue working within the organization. The study specifically focuses on the darker side of burnout, and its relationship with moral disengagement and risk-taking attitude by testing the proposition that employees who are experiencing burnout will utilize moral disengagement to rationalize their risk-taking attitude. The impact of managerial political skill on these relationships was also examined as managerial political skill was proposed …


Analyzing Business-Focused Social Networks In Hiring: The Influence Of A Job Candidate's Network On A Recruiter's Hiring Recommendation, Hannah V. Kibby Dec 2022

Analyzing Business-Focused Social Networks In Hiring: The Influence Of A Job Candidate's Network On A Recruiter's Hiring Recommendation, Hannah V. Kibby

Theses and Dissertations

Social media has altered the ways in which people interact. Business-focused social media profiles, such as those on LinkedIn, can act as a proxy for a traditional resume. However, these websites differ from a traditional resume in that information presented is sometimes informal, personal, and irrelevant to the member’s career. Furthermore, HR employees are able to view a job candidate’s social network. This research investigates the influence of a recruiter’s knowledge of an applicant’s professional network on the recruiter’s perception of the applicant’s trustworthiness and hence their willingness to take risk in the hiring relationship. A review of the literature …


Reducing The Cost Of Agency: Looking Beyond Top Management Teams, Stephen C. Giles Dec 2022

Reducing The Cost Of Agency: Looking Beyond Top Management Teams, Stephen C. Giles

Theses and Dissertations

The year 2020 demonstrates that powerful forces exist in the external environment, which may threaten a firm’s survival, but agency problems, within the organization, persist even in years where there are minimal external pressures on the firm. Agency costs can present meaningful challenges to the firm beyond the chief executive and top management team, and the concept of agency is applicable to all employees, not just management. An organizational learning culture is proposed to both aid firms in reducing the cost associated with agency, as well as to enable firms to adapt to rapid changes in the external environment. In …


Closing The Loop: An Examination Of Consumer Attitudes And Motivation For Sustainable Behaviors, Jennifer D. Henderson Dec 2022

Closing The Loop: An Examination Of Consumer Attitudes And Motivation For Sustainable Behaviors, Jennifer D. Henderson

Theses and Dissertations

Smartphones and related electronic devices are a recently growing area of ethical, environmental, and social responsibility concern. Specifically, these products generate large quantities of electronic waste (e-waste) and are increasingly produced under questionable working conditions. These social and environmental impacts can potentially be mitigated through the adoption of sustainable consumer behaviors, such as e-waste recycling and purchasing sustainably- produced devices. However, although we are years into the modern sustainability movement, there still exists an attitude-behaviors gap where many consumers report that they are concerned about environmental and social responsibility issues, but they fail to translate these concerns into consumption behaviors. …


Impact Of Dynamic Capabilities On Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises (Smes) Performance In Oman, Naema M. Albimani Dec 2022

Impact Of Dynamic Capabilities On Small And Medium-Sized Enterprises (Smes) Performance In Oman, Naema M. Albimani

Theses and Dissertations

Drawing on dynamic capabilities’ theory, this study examines the impact of entrepreneurial knowledge (EK) on firm performance in Oman, a member nation of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). In addition, two aspects of dynamic capabilities: (1) opportunities recognition and (2) opportunities exploitation, were explored as potential mediators of the indirect relationship between entrepreneurial knowledge and firm performance. Using a cross-sectional survey design (N=102), the study found entrepreneurial knowledge has a direct, positive, statistically significant relationship on firm performance, as measured by customer satisfaction and market effectiveness. At the same time, the sequential mediation of opportunity recognition and opportunity exploitation was …


A Case Study Of The Efficacy Of Model-Based Requests For Information, Kyle J. Arruda Sep 2022

A Case Study Of The Efficacy Of Model-Based Requests For Information, Kyle J. Arruda

Theses and Dissertations

The Department of Defense (DoD) has encouraged the transition to digital engineering, yet there are limited guides for how to transition and there is limited data to show where an organization like a program office can reap the most benefit from the transition. To identify areas where potential benefits may be realized, this thesis compares two Requests for Information (RFIs), one document-based and one model-based, from generation to response. A survey was developed and administered to 7 members of a single program office to grade the RFI responses. The survey was based on the 43 benefit categories identified in the …


Cost-Benefit Analysis Of The Saudi Land Bridge Project, Faris J. Alotaibi Sep 2022

Cost-Benefit Analysis Of The Saudi Land Bridge Project, Faris J. Alotaibi

Theses and Dissertations

Projects are the backbone of economic thrive of nations, especially infrastructure projects. It’s counted as the base layer of allowing economic trade between beneficiaries. Railway projects have always been a huge element in increasing trade operations between Saudi Arabia and the rest of the world, by providing an efficient and environmentally friendly way that is capable of hauling large loads of exports all the way to the seaports and from there to the rest of the world. The Saudi land bridge project will cost about $11 billion and will provide a new link between the existent railway in the eastern …


Evaluating Performance Competencies In The Royal Saudi Air Force Engineering Directorate And Squadrons, Faisal A. Al Dawood Sep 2022

Evaluating Performance Competencies In The Royal Saudi Air Force Engineering Directorate And Squadrons, Faisal A. Al Dawood

Theses and Dissertations

The effectiveness of tasks performed by the directorate of aeronautical engineering and squadrons in RSAF directly impacts flight safety, which in turn influences the organization either positively or negatively. Therefore, improving engineers' competencies will improve the overall performance of the organization. The study refined and reconstructed a model, namely a T-shape competency model, to assess the engineers' competencies which revealed some management and competency-related deficiencies and concluded with managerial recommendations.


Using Blockchain To Track Dod Funding And Auditing, Prithvi Prasanna Sep 2022

Using Blockchain To Track Dod Funding And Auditing, Prithvi Prasanna

Theses and Dissertations

The Department of Defense (DoD) currently faces a significant problem when it comes to auditing and tracking financial transactions. The DoD has failed every audit since 2017 although it is gradually improving its auditable rating year after year. Concurrently, Blockchain is an emerging technology that has typically been used for cryptocurrencies but has slowly been adapted by private enterprises for their auditing and invoicing problems. This study investigates the value proposition of blockchain technology to improve DoD financial tracking and auditing. To test the hypothesis that blockchain is the optimal option for the DoD, this paper employs an industry blockchain …


Retention Prediction And Policy Optimization For United States Air Force Personnel Management, Joseph C. Hoecherl Sep 2022

Retention Prediction And Policy Optimization For United States Air Force Personnel Management, Joseph C. Hoecherl

Theses and Dissertations

Effective personnel management policies in the United States Air Force (USAF) require methods to predict the number of personnel who will remain in the USAF as well as to replenish personnel with different skillsets over time as they depart. To improve retention predictions, we develop and test traditional random forest models and feedforward neural networks as well as partially autoregressive forms of both, outperforming the benchmark on a test dataset by 62.8% and 34.8% for the neural network and the partially autoregressive neural network, respectively. We formulate the workforce replenishment problem as a Markov decision process for active duty enlisted …


“No Tits In The Pits!”: An Exploratory Analysis Of The Experiences Of Female Decision Makers In Motorsports In The United States, Alexia Pedo Lopes Jul 2022

“No Tits In The Pits!”: An Exploratory Analysis Of The Experiences Of Female Decision Makers In Motorsports In The United States, Alexia Pedo Lopes

Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the lived experiences of sixteen women who have decision-making roles in motorsports in the United States. The purpose was to shed light on the experiences of women who broke the glass ceiling in this unexplored male-dominated industry (Glass & Cook, 2016). The challenges these women encountered along with the mechanisms they employed to navigate those, and finally their motivation to continue pursuing a career in this industry, were assessed via in-depth semi-structured interviews and then the data was analyzed following a constant comparison thematic analysis. Challenges and coping mechanisms were classified according to the four levels, namely …


Affective Risk Perceptions Toward Travel In A Covid Era: Policy And State Political Influences, Chloe Riley Jul 2022

Affective Risk Perceptions Toward Travel In A Covid Era: Policy And State Political Influences, Chloe Riley

Theses and Dissertations

This paper aims to analyze the influence of state political affiliation and policy on affective risk perceptions, in the context of COVID-19. The study of risk perceptions in the travel literature is important because it can help industry leaders predict tourist decision-making and ensure feelings of safety for travelers. The relevance of risk perceptions has become even more apparent since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study analyzes three policies put into place to mitigate the spread of COVID-19: mask mandate, cancellation of public events, and school closures. Affective risk perceptions were measured by the Tourism Crisis Management Initiative’s …


Reconceptualizing Informal Learning In An Online Learning Environment, Silvia Clark Jul 2022

Reconceptualizing Informal Learning In An Online Learning Environment, Silvia Clark

Theses and Dissertations

In 2020, many organizations moved their formal training programs to an online learning context due to COVID-19. Informal learning, which refers to activities that are self-guided and occur independently outside of formal learning contexts has gained significant interest among researchers and practitioners in the past two decades as it has been identified as the primary type of learning in today's organizations. Despite the increasing interest in informal learning, no attempt has been made to examine and understand informal learning in an online learning environment.

This dissertation provides an integrative review of prior work on formal and informal learning in online …


The Most Important Human Capital Resource: A Strategic Human Resources Perspective On Top Management Team Effectiveness, Spenser Michael Essman Jul 2022

The Most Important Human Capital Resource: A Strategic Human Resources Perspective On Top Management Team Effectiveness, Spenser Michael Essman

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation comprises two studies that theoretically and empirically examine a critical human capital resource, the top management team (TMT). In the first chapter, I propose a conceptual model that focuses on the context in which TMTs are embedded, by building on recent theory suggesting that the TMT is embedded within a multiteam system, referred to as a strategic leadership system. Specifically, I suggest that functional leadership teams – decision making groups responsible for managing firm functions and business units (e.g. finance; human resources) – are likely to be a part of the strategic leadership system, and develop theory regarding …


Entrepreneurial Orientation Impact On Micro And Small Enterprises In Egypt, Fayrouz Negm Jun 2022

Entrepreneurial Orientation Impact On Micro And Small Enterprises In Egypt, Fayrouz Negm

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of the proposed study is to test and analyze the impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) on micro and small enterprises’ growth in Egypt, measured by three growth indicators: sales revenue, profit margin, and employment. The growth rates are measured over four periods (past three years, past year, next year, and next three years) to examine the historical and potential impact of EO on growth rates.

EO is defined as the process which organizations use to renew themselves and their markets by innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk-taking (Miller, 1983). While EO is considered one of the crucial factors in determining …


Can Blockchain-Supply Chain Announcements Create Shareholder Value? Evidence From An Event Study For International Initiatives, Alyaa Saleh Jun 2022

Can Blockchain-Supply Chain Announcements Create Shareholder Value? Evidence From An Event Study For International Initiatives, Alyaa Saleh

Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates how Blockchain based Supply chain (BC-SC) announcements impact the stock market performance of the announcing firms. Using a sample of 104 news and firm announcements between 2016 and July 2021, we conduct an international event study to determine the effect of BC-SC announcements on the market performance. We find that an overall significantly positive market reaction of 1.45% to all BC-SC announcements on the announcement day. In addition, we find that the stock market reaction slightly differs when different SC challenges are targeted by the announcing firm. When blockchain is used for traceability purposes, the market response …


Getting Ahead And Getting Along In Entrepreneurial Networks: Network Effects Of The “Dark” And “Light” Sides Of Personality In New Venture Performance, Victoria Antin Yates May 2022

Getting Ahead And Getting Along In Entrepreneurial Networks: Network Effects Of The “Dark” And “Light” Sides Of Personality In New Venture Performance, Victoria Antin Yates

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores how dark and light personality traits influence venture performance via mediating effects of social structure. Because entrepreneurship is an inherently social process, theoretical perspectives of social network theory and social comparison theory are used to examine how entrepreneurs’ dark and light personality traits interact with personality traits of socially proximal others to influence venture performance via network structure. These perspectives are drawn together using socioanalytic theory. This dissertation argues that agreeableness and narcissism interact with the personality traits of network others at the group-level to influence structural hole positioning within entrepreneurial networks; in turn, structural holes are …


Leader-Member Exchange (Lxm) Differentiation And Organizational Outcomes: The Role Of Leader Integrity And Perceived Inclusion, Lipika Neshmin Arif May 2022

Leader-Member Exchange (Lxm) Differentiation And Organizational Outcomes: The Role Of Leader Integrity And Perceived Inclusion, Lipika Neshmin Arif

Theses and Dissertations

The leader-member exchange (LMX) relationship is dynamic and rewarding for organizational success. The exchange relationship between a leader and his/her followers can vary from high-quality to low-quality relationships and thus affect the benefits of the organization. Therefore, the main emphasis of this paper is to examine the influence of LMX differentiation, known as leaders' differential relationships quality with a set of followers, on organizational outcomes such as affective organizational commitment, innovative work behavior, and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). This study proposes a moderated mediation model to explain how and when LMX differentiation impacts organizational outcomes. Drawing from the social exchange …


Integration Of Social Media Into Small Businesses, Amanda Gray May 2022

Integration Of Social Media Into Small Businesses, Amanda Gray

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to show the positive benefits that the integration of social media, specifically Instagram, can have on a small business in terms of user engagement. Small businesses require more word-of-mouth advertising or online sales than businesses with larger marketing budgets, multiple locations, and more employees. Without these strategies, small businesses are at risk of having a shortened survival rate. With the added layer of connectivity, targeting, and post-reach, information about products and brands travel more widespread with social media, compared to traditional methods. Social media increases engagement between users and a brand's page, which can …


What Gives Workplaces A Family-Like Atmosphere? An Exploratory Study, Justin Scott May 2022

What Gives Workplaces A Family-Like Atmosphere? An Exploratory Study, Justin Scott

Theses and Dissertations

Social identity theory suggests identities form through mechanisms established during peoples’ childhoods. Those mechanisms operate the processes through which people assess their individualistic qualities. In organizations, similar phenomena occur as employees develop organizational identity. To help organizations foster more beneficial organizational identity, family systems theory is applied to the investigation of employee needs. Lumpkin et al.’s (2008) conceptual work on family orientation offer a solid starting point for such investigations. Their conceptual dimensions of family orientation are blended with concepts related to individual needs. Together, those concepts were used to reflexively code data from a qualitative research design. Eleven interviews …


Why Sales Managers Matter: How Supervisory Coaching Affects Salespeople's Job Performance, Emory Serviss May 2022

Why Sales Managers Matter: How Supervisory Coaching Affects Salespeople's Job Performance, Emory Serviss

Theses and Dissertations

Today’s business environment is very competitive, forcing companies to make additional efforts to develop and keep sustainable advantages. Thus, research aimed at finding ways to increase company performance has become critical. One specific managerial tool, sales coaching, has been hailed by academics and practitioners alike as vital to improving a salesperson’s job performance. With a company’s survival dependent on the success of their salespeople, research on sales coaching is crucial. The purpose of this research is to gain a better understanding of the relationship between sales coaching and a salesperson’s work-related attitudes and behaviors. Using self-determination theory, this research examines …


Is Facebook Use Helping Or Hurting Your Healthcare Employees During Covid?, Melanie Boudreaux May 2022

Is Facebook Use Helping Or Hurting Your Healthcare Employees During Covid?, Melanie Boudreaux

Theses and Dissertations

The COVID pandemic has drastically impacted peoples’ lives and workplaces, especially those who work in healthcare and have been on the forefront battling this global health crisis. There has been great uncertainty regarding how to effectively mitigate health risks due to the pandemic, and many healthcare employees have turned to social media outlets, such as Facebook, to express their thoughts and concerns. However, social media can either play a positive or negative role depending on what type of information is transmitted and how it is perceived. Some employees are more affected by social media than others regarding the pandemic, and …


Moving Right Along: Examining The Venture Gestation Process For Black Women Entrepreneurs, Andrea Floyd May 2022

Moving Right Along: Examining The Venture Gestation Process For Black Women Entrepreneurs, Andrea Floyd

Theses and Dissertations

Entrepreneurship is becoming one of the most sault after professions due to factors such as locus of control, flexibility, need for achievement, autonomy, and escaping corporate America. Many have come to realize that some of the most common reasons for pursuing entrepreneurship are not as convenient as expected. In fact, some of the inequalities experienced in corporate America are also experienced during venture creation. This is more so apparent for marginalized groups such as people of color, people with disabilities, and women. This study explores the barriers faced by African American women during the venture creation process and some of …


Is Humility Enough? The Impact Of Leader Humility On Follower Moral Disengagement And Unethical Behavior, Kelly G. Manix May 2022

Is Humility Enough? The Impact Of Leader Humility On Follower Moral Disengagement And Unethical Behavior, Kelly G. Manix

Theses and Dissertations

The study examines the impact of leader humility on follower moral disengagement, workplace deviance, and leader-targeted knowledge hiding and explores attributions of ingratiation as a potential boundary condition from a social exchange theory perspective. Using a cross-sectional survey design (N=130), the study finds that leader humility is negatively related to moral disengagement, workplace deviance, and leader-targeted knowledge hiding. The results also suggest follower attributions of ingratiation moderates the negative relationship between leader humility and moral disengagement such that the relationship is weakened. However, the mediating role of moral disengagement was not significant in each relationship. Broadly, the results suggest that …


Leadership, Justice, And Inclusion: Assessing The Effect Of Values-Based Leadership Approaches O Fairness-Related Climates, Matthew T. Oglesby May 2022

Leadership, Justice, And Inclusion: Assessing The Effect Of Values-Based Leadership Approaches O Fairness-Related Climates, Matthew T. Oglesby

Theses and Dissertations

Building on Banks et al.’s (2018) grouping of authentic, servant, ethical, and charismatic leadership as values-based or moral leadership approaches, this study explores the relationship of values-based leadership to communal outcomes via fairness-related organizational climates. I utilize social exchange theory to explain the reciprocal and rational relationships between leadership, climate, and outcomes. Additionally, I utilize congruence theory to explore the benefits of alignment between certain values-based leadership approaches and particular fairness-related climates. Specifically, I suggest that authentic and ethical leadership align more closely with distributive and procedural justice climate, while servant and charismatic leadership align more closely with interactional justice …


Developing A Model-Based Approach To Forecast A Competitor's System, Christopher A. Del Vecchio May 2022

Developing A Model-Based Approach To Forecast A Competitor's System, Christopher A. Del Vecchio

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to develop a model-based approach to intelligence forecasting of a competitor’s system. This analysis currently uses a document-based practice to capture all knowledge of the forecast and its development. A framework of antithesis processes, or Anti-Processes, were derived from the systems engineering technical processes. This was then combined with analytical tradecraft from the field of competitive technical intelligence to build a SysML reference model, which was then applied to a small case study to enhance and refine the model. The Anti-Process framework and SysML reference model provide a rigorous, model-based approach to intelligence forecasts …


Organizational Digital Agility: Strategic Imperative For Digital Transformation And Firm Performance, John Willard Hill May 2022

Organizational Digital Agility: Strategic Imperative For Digital Transformation And Firm Performance, John Willard Hill

Theses and Dissertations

A firm’s ability to achieve a competitive advantage through the creation of digital capabilities is affected by a firm’s organizational digital agility (ODA). At their heart, both the resource-based view and dynamic capabilities provide vehicles for describing the ‘what’ regarding the role of resources in executing firm strategy. However, these two theoretical foundations do not address the ‘how’ and the manager's role in deploying those resources to achieve a competitive advantage. Resource orchestration theory begins to address this gap and advocates for the manager’s role in deploying these resources. Yet, despite this theoretical foundation, little research has been conducted on …


Assessing The Analytic Competency Gap For Hr Professionals: Providing Hr A Roadmap To Data-Driven Decision-Making, Chandra Kay Marie Talerico May 2022

Assessing The Analytic Competency Gap For Hr Professionals: Providing Hr A Roadmap To Data-Driven Decision-Making, Chandra Kay Marie Talerico

Theses and Dissertations

Human Resource (HR) professionals have fallen behind their peers in utilizing and leveraging analytics to enhance performance. Research indicates that HR professionals need a more prescriptive understanding of competencies required for analytics and the influence on job performance. This study utilizes a novel method to map a newly demanded skill set or competency cluster to a profession, filling a gap in the competency modeling literature for future state occupational needs. The developed and supported HR analytic competency cluster is logic, numeracy, and critical evaluation with special considerations for persuasion. This study utilized a structural equation model (SEM) to test the …


Understanding The Role Of Chief Financial Officers In The Strategic Planning And Decision-Making Process Of Defense Contractors In The Washington, D.C. Region, Carolynn Eileen Stiffler May 2022

Understanding The Role Of Chief Financial Officers In The Strategic Planning And Decision-Making Process Of Defense Contractors In The Washington, D.C. Region, Carolynn Eileen Stiffler

Theses and Dissertations

The strategic planning and decision-making process of a firm is what drives the future of a firm, but what are all the correct stakeholders involved in that process? Historically, the Chief Executive Officer of the firm has been in charge of the firm’s strategic plan, guiding the firm based on his/her past experiences, and the Chief Financial Officer of the firm has been in charge of the back-office financial records and reporting. This study utilized the case study approach to explore the level of involvement a Chief Financial Officer (CFO) has in firms' strategic planning and decision-making processes that contract …


Three Essays On Banking And Other Financial Institutions, Xiaonan Ma Apr 2022

Three Essays On Banking And Other Financial Institutions, Xiaonan Ma

Theses and Dissertations

This paper shows that access to payday lending affects societal health outcomes such as opioid-related mortality. I find that states allowing payday lending experience 1.5 lives lost per 100,000 population every year, which amounts to one-third of its mean value. I interpret this result in line with the increased consumption of opioid pills after accessing to payday lending. Accordingly, the effects are more pronounced in areas with low socioeconomic status. Confounding events, time trends, or systematic differences between states allowing and prohibiting payday lending are unlikely to explain the association between payday lending access and opioid mortality. Overall, my findings …