Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Digital Commons Network

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 12000

Full-Text Articles in Entire DC Network

Determinants Of Dental Caries In Children In The Middle East And North Africa Region: A Systematic Review Based On Literature Published From 2000 To 2019, Amal Elamin, Malin Garemo, Anzelle Mulder Dec 2021

Determinants Of Dental Caries In Children In The Middle East And North Africa Region: A Systematic Review Based On Literature Published From 2000 To 2019, Amal Elamin, Malin Garemo, Anzelle Mulder

All Works

Background: Dental caries risk factors have been expanded to not only emphasize biology, dietary and oral habits but also broader social determinants such as socioeconomic factors and the utilization of health services. The aim was to review sociobehavioural/cultural and socioeconomic determinants of dental caries in children residing in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Methods: A search was conducted in the PubMed/Medline database and Google Scholar to identify studies published from 2000 to 2019 covering children using key search terms. In the initial stages, titles, abstracts and, if needed, full articles were screened for eligibility. In ...


Intent To Stay, Moral Distress, And Nurse Practice Environment Among Long-Term Care Nurses, Amil Tan Sep 2021

Intent To Stay, Moral Distress, And Nurse Practice Environment Among Long-Term Care Nurses, Amil Tan

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: Many long-term care facilities in the United States face significant problems with nurse retention and turnover. These challenges are attributed at least in part to moral distress and a negative nurse practice environment. Licensed nurses working in long-term care facilities experience ethical challenges such as lack of resources, use of restraints, end-of-life issues, and caring for residents with dementia that, if not resolved, can lead to moral distress- especially if left unresolved. Long-term care administrators and nurse managers increasingly strive to improve leadership support for long-term care staff that will positively affect the nurse practice environment.

Aim/Purpose: The ...


Tobacco Cessation Counseling Practices Amongst Dental Hygienists In Central Texas, Lacy Murray Aug 2021

Tobacco Cessation Counseling Practices Amongst Dental Hygienists In Central Texas, Lacy Murray

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although tobacco cessation is an uphill battle for almost everyone who attempts to quit, it is important that dental hygienists do not assume that patients are not interested. Dental hygienists are in an ideal position to offer cessation help to their tobacco using patients. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the tobacco cessation practices among central Texas dental hygienists. Specifically, dental hygienists were asked about beliefs, motivation, and confidence with regard to their tobacco cessation practice. A positive significant, moderate, relationship was found between beliefs and confidence (r=0.647), beliefs and practices (r ...


Prevalence Of Musculoskeletal Disorders In Third- And Fourth-Year Dental Students At The University Of Health Science Center College Of Dentistry, Felisa Jackson Aug 2021

Prevalence Of Musculoskeletal Disorders In Third- And Fourth-Year Dental Students At The University Of Health Science Center College Of Dentistry, Felisa Jackson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The effects of pain suffered from musculoskeletal disorders by dental professionals may lead to reduced work hours, loss of production, and early retirement. Although third- and fourth-year dental students are provided lectures about musculoskeletal disorders, proper positioning and ergonomics, they are at an increased risk of developing MSD. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence on musculoskeletal disorders in third- and fourth-year dental students and to determine if third-year dental students experience more MSD pain than fourth-year dental students at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Dentistry. A total of 50 third- and fourth- year dental ...


Utilizing A Social-Ecological Health Promotion Framework To Engage Diverse Populations For Recruitment In The All Of Us Research Program, Bibiana M. Mancera, Angela Sy, Cynthia D. Williams, Margaret K. Hargreaves Jul 2021

Utilizing A Social-Ecological Health Promotion Framework To Engage Diverse Populations For Recruitment In The All Of Us Research Program, Bibiana M. Mancera, Angela Sy, Cynthia D. Williams, Margaret K. Hargreaves

Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship

In 2017, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) All of Us Research Program announced a funding opportunity for community partners to “educate, motivate, and facilitate enrollment” of volunteers. In response to this opportunity, four institutions from the Research Centers in Minority Institutions (RCMI) Translational Research Network (RTRN) formed the Precision Medicine Research (PreMeR) Diversity Consortium. This multi-institutional collaboration proposed to employ evidence-based best practices to engage, recruit, and retain diverse populations in the All of Us program. The PreMeR approach was premised on the notion that engagement, recruitment, and retention strategies in community and biomedical research must be viewed as ...


Analysis Of Pretreatment Factors Associated With Stability In Early Class Iii Treatment, Yasuko Inoue, Toru Deguchi, James K. Hartsfield Jr., Wakako Tome, Noriyuki Kitai Jul 2021

Analysis Of Pretreatment Factors Associated With Stability In Early Class Iii Treatment, Yasuko Inoue, Toru Deguchi, James K. Hartsfield Jr., Wakako Tome, Noriyuki Kitai

Oral Health Science Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify pretreatment factors associated with the stability of early class III treatment, since most orthodontists start the treatment with their uncertain hypotheses and/or predictions. Subjects consisted of 75 patients with a class III skeletal relationship (ANB < 2° and overjet < 0 mm) who had been consecutively treated with rapid maxillary expansion and facemask and followed until their second phase treatment. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they showed relapse in follow-up. The stable group maintained their positive overjet (n = 55), and the unstable group experienced relapse with a zero or negative overjet (n = 20). Two general, three dental, and 13 cephalometric pretreatment factors were investigated to determine which factors were associated with stability.

RESULTS: Sex, pretreatment age, and anteroposterior functional shift, which were hypothesized as associated factors, were not related to the stability ...


Plagiocephaly Perception And Prevention: A Need To Intervene Early To Educate Parents, Sonja Burmeister, Allison N. Kayne, Ali R. Yazdanyar, J. Nathan Hagstrom, David B. Burmeister Jul 2021

Plagiocephaly Perception And Prevention: A Need To Intervene Early To Educate Parents, Sonja Burmeister, Allison N. Kayne, Ali R. Yazdanyar, J. Nathan Hagstrom, David B. Burmeister

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: Plagiocephaly is a condition where the cranium has been malformed because of external forces or premature cranial suture fusion. This study’s objective was to gather and examine data regarding parent and caregiver awareness of plagiocephaly and its potential impact on development as well as to determine their rate of concern for positional flattening.

Method: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted. Categorical variables were described by frequency and proportions. The study was conducted across eight outpatient pediatric sites. Approximately 1,100 parents and caregivers were targeted. Inclusion criteria required participants to be willing to answer the questionnaire, to be ...


Opioids And Dentistry, Anne E. Wampler Jul 2021

Opioids And Dentistry, Anne E. Wampler

Pacific Journal of Health

Dental professionals are among the leading prescribers of opioids in the United States and play a significant role in the current opioid epidemic. While dental professionals prescribe these potent pain killers to provide relief to patients, the serious implications of their prescription and distribution must be considered. This manuscript covers the science behind opioids, history of the opioid epidemic, the affliction it is currently causing in the U.S., the immense impact dentists have in providing opioid prescriptions along with gross over-prescription practices, and much more. Other topics discussed include alternative pain management, safe prescribing practices, naloxone, and how dentists ...


Functional Performance Testing In Ice Hockey: The Role Of The Single Leg, Medial Countermovement Jump, Anthony S. Donskov Jul 2021

Functional Performance Testing In Ice Hockey: The Role Of The Single Leg, Medial Countermovement Jump, Anthony S. Donskov

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Due to the physical nature of the game, injuries are common in ice hockey. Injury rates have been difficult to interpret due to the inconsistencies in the definitions of injury and athlete exposure. Consensus statements on injury definitions have been developed for sports such as soccer and rugby but have not been established in ice hockey. Furthermore, many different off-ice tests are performed, but a hockey-specific performance test has not been promoted. Accordingly, the objective for this thesis was to investigate injury rates, injury definition, athlete exposure and injury type in men’s ice hockey, and providing information on a ...


Hiv And Me: A Point System For Treatment Success, Nina Bourdeau, Ahmed Chaaban, Turner Miller, Alexandra Rogers, Eyouab Tadesse, Sophie Wittenberg, Tekiyah Shabazz Jul 2021

Hiv And Me: A Point System For Treatment Success, Nina Bourdeau, Ahmed Chaaban, Turner Miller, Alexandra Rogers, Eyouab Tadesse, Sophie Wittenberg, Tekiyah Shabazz

Patient Education Projects

No abstract provided.


Binder 124, Lepocreadiidae O-Pr [Trematoda Taxon Notebooks], Harold W. Manter Laboratory Of Parasitology Jul 2021

Binder 124, Lepocreadiidae O-Pr [Trematoda Taxon Notebooks], Harold W. Manter Laboratory Of Parasitology

Trematoda Taxon Notebooks

Binder 124, Lepocreadiidae O-Pr [Trematoda Taxon Notebooks].

Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology, University of Nebraska State Museum, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Created between 1960 and 1990.


Assessing Participant Feedback To Dental Screenings Provided By Dental Hygiene Students And Follow-Up Dental Hygiene Care In New York City, Susan H. Davide, Margarita Rivera Jul 2021

Assessing Participant Feedback To Dental Screenings Provided By Dental Hygiene Students And Follow-Up Dental Hygiene Care In New York City, Susan H. Davide, Margarita Rivera

Publications and Research

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to validate the association between dental screenings and follow-up care to support the level of awareness of dental hygiene services available in the community by increasing access to care and determine patients’ knowledge of dental insurance status. Methods: A first-time dental screening was conducted, and complimentary care was provided for those who followed through with dental hygiene care at the clinic. Survey questionnaires were administered to participants following screening and clinic care. Results: Ten participants of the 50 screened received care at the clinic. Less than half of those screened (41 %) had a ...


Assessing Participant Feedback To Dental Screenings Provided By Dental Hygiene Students And Follow-Up Dental Hygiene Care In New York City, Susan H. Davide, Margarita Rivera Jul 2021

Assessing Participant Feedback To Dental Screenings Provided By Dental Hygiene Students And Follow-Up Dental Hygiene Care In New York City, Susan H. Davide, Margarita Rivera

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to validate the association between dental screenings and follow-up care to support the level of awareness of dental hygiene services available in the community by increasing access to care and determine patients’ knowledge of dental insurance status. Methods: A first-time dental screening was conducted, and complimentary care was provided for those who followed through with dental hygiene care at the clinic. Survey questionnaires were administered to participants following screening and clinic care. Results: Ten participants of the 50 screened received care at the clinic. Less than half of those screened (41 %) had a ...


A Community-Based Participatory Research Project To Increase The Understanding Of The Health Concerns Of African Immigrant Communities In Urban Missouri., Rhonda Belue, Covenant Elenwo, Clayton Adams, Adaobi Anakwe, Kelly Taylor, Sunita Manu, Sidee Conteh Jul 2021

A Community-Based Participatory Research Project To Increase The Understanding Of The Health Concerns Of African Immigrant Communities In Urban Missouri., Rhonda Belue, Covenant Elenwo, Clayton Adams, Adaobi Anakwe, Kelly Taylor, Sunita Manu, Sidee Conteh

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background

African immigrants and refugees experience unique mental and physical health care needs that may be a result of pre-migration history and the acculturation process. The purpose of this project was to collaborate with African immigrant and refugee communities to identify health needs of the communities and lay a foundation for future action.

Methods

Key-informant interviews with five West, East and Central African immigrant and refugee communities included community leaders (n=10) and listening sessions with larger groups of community members totaling approximately 150 participants to identify health care needs. Content analysis was employed to identify themes related to immigrant ...


Comparing Orthodontic Debonding Aerosol Production With Various High-Volume Evacuation Systems, Eric Moe Jul 2021

Comparing Orthodontic Debonding Aerosol Production With Various High-Volume Evacuation Systems, Eric Moe

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic has placed a new emphasis on defining aerosol generating procedures and evaluating ways to reduce those aerosols. Both biocontaminants and particulate matter can potentially be transmitted with dental aerosols with negative health effects associated with each, especially aerosols with particulate matter of 2.5 micrometers or less (PM2.5). This study aims to evaluate the PM2.5 aerosol production from orthodontic debonding with a high-speed, air-driven handpiece without water coolant and assess the effectiveness of traditional four-handed high-volume evacuation (HVE) and two commercially available hands-free high-volume evacuation (HFHVE) systems. Methods: Orthodontic debonding was simulated using a ...


Covid-19 Impact On Radiology Students’ Distance Learning (Summer 2021), Mary Lee, Jason Chan, Cheryann Jackson-Holmes, Renzo Marmolejo, Zoya Vinokur Jul 2021

Covid-19 Impact On Radiology Students’ Distance Learning (Summer 2021), Mary Lee, Jason Chan, Cheryann Jackson-Holmes, Renzo Marmolejo, Zoya Vinokur

Publications and Research

The Radiological Technology students have adjusted from the urgent distance learning that was enacted in the Spring of 2020, to the hybrid distance learning that is currently in place. This hybrid distance learning is the same way the incoming class of radiological technology students were taught. Both cohorts of students were tracked over the year by online anonymous surveys. We wanted to know how students were adapting to distance learning, if their focus and motivation varied over the course of the year due to changing pandemic conditions. For the students that were working, what impact did it have on their ...


Preventing Unplanned Pregnancies: The Impact Of Prevention Education, Eliza Dudley Jul 2021

Preventing Unplanned Pregnancies: The Impact Of Prevention Education, Eliza Dudley

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Teenage pregnancy and unplanned parenthood are social issues in many communities, states, and developed and undeveloped countries. The impact of early, unplanned pregnancy is detrimental to the adolescent's health, mental health, and physical well-being. Teenage pregnancy may be considered a social issue that is often the result of inadequate sexual and reproductive education, both in adult parents and teenagers. Despite recent reductions in teenage pregnancies, in recent years, more than 20 million teenagers experienced parenthood before graduating from high school. Programs are needed to prevent the possible stigma, physical and emotional risks of unplanned teenage pregnancy, lower adolescent pregnancy ...


A Pilot Virtual Project For Advising Senior Dental Hygiene Students On Work Readiness Skills, Annie Han, Mustafa S. Radif Jun 2021

A Pilot Virtual Project For Advising Senior Dental Hygiene Students On Work Readiness Skills, Annie Han, Mustafa S. Radif

Dugoni School of Dentistry Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Compare Two Methods Of Dental Arch Length Measurements On Digital Dental Models, Ying-Chen Chen, Carol Yi-Hsuan Chen, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko Jun 2021

Compare Two Methods Of Dental Arch Length Measurements On Digital Dental Models, Ying-Chen Chen, Carol Yi-Hsuan Chen, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Purpose: Accurate space discrepancy evaluation is important in treatment planning. Straight-line segments and brass wire method are the most common methods in arch length assessment. However, using segments causes underestimation, while more reliable brass wire method shows lower reproducibility. The aim of our study is (1) to compare the difference between conventional segmental distance method (SD) and a new method, ideal arch form (IA), and (2) to assess the reproducibility and reliability of two methods by means of digital models. Materials and methods: Thirty sets of digital dental models presented full permanent dentition and Angle’s Class III malocclusion were ...


Evaluation Of Patients’ Experiences After Microimplant-Assisted Rapid Palatal Expansion (Marpe) Treatment, Huei-Rou Tsai, Kwok-Hing Ho, Chih-Wei Wang, Kai-Long Wang, Shun-Chu Hsieh, Heng-Ming Chang Jun 2021

Evaluation Of Patients’ Experiences After Microimplant-Assisted Rapid Palatal Expansion (Marpe) Treatment, Huei-Rou Tsai, Kwok-Hing Ho, Chih-Wei Wang, Kai-Long Wang, Shun-Chu Hsieh, Heng-Ming Chang

Taiwanese Journal of Orthodontics

Purpose: Various microimplant- assisted rapid palatal expansion (MARPE) appliances were developed in these years. By applying this procedure, maxillary transverse deficiencies can be corrected in adults with limited dental tipping. However, some undesirable effects could happen during treatment. In this study, we aimed to record the incidence of any adverse effect or complication. Pain score was also measured during treatment. Patients and Methods: Twenty-nine patients (22.8 ± 8.6 years old) with 13 males and 16 females were enrolled. Clinical photographs, radiographs and cone-beam computed tomography were taken before insertion of MARPE and after expansion. Interview was conducted by one ...


Tocilizumab And Covid-19: A Meta-Analysis Of 2120 Patients With Severe Disease And Implications For Clinical Trial Methodologies, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Hinna Aftab, Zainab Pervaiz Jun 2021

Tocilizumab And Covid-19: A Meta-Analysis Of 2120 Patients With Severe Disease And Implications For Clinical Trial Methodologies, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Hinna Aftab, Zainab Pervaiz

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background/aim: Since the outbreak of the COVID-19, numerous therapies to counteract this severe disease have emerged. The benefits of Tocilizumab for severely infected COVID-19 patients and the methodologies of ongoing clinical trials are explored.
Materials and methods: A systematic search adhering to PRISMA guidelines was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Central, medRxiv, and bioRxiv using the following keywords: “Tocilizumab,” “Actemra,” “COVID-19.” An additional subsearch was conducted on Clinicaltrials.gov to locate ongoing tocilizumab trials.
Results: A total of 13 studies were included in the meta-analysis comprising 2120 patients. The treatment group had lower mortality compared to the control group (OR ...


Direct Maternal Morbidity And The Risk Of Pregnancy-Related Deaths, Stillbirths, And Neonatal Deaths In South Asia And Sub-Saharan Africa: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study In 8 Countries, Imran Ahmed, Shabina Ariff, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Muhammad Ilyas, Fyezah Jehan, Usma Mehmood, Karim Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Yaqub Wasan, Anita K. M. Zaidi Jun 2021

Direct Maternal Morbidity And The Risk Of Pregnancy-Related Deaths, Stillbirths, And Neonatal Deaths In South Asia And Sub-Saharan Africa: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study In 8 Countries, Imran Ahmed, Shabina Ariff, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Muhammad Ilyas, Fyezah Jehan, Usma Mehmood, Karim Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Yaqub Wasan, Anita K. M. Zaidi

Woman and Child Health

Background: Maternal morbidity occurs several times more frequently than mortality, yet data on morbidity burden and its effect on maternal, foetal, and newborn outcomes are limited in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to generate prospective, reliable population-based data on the burden of major direct maternal morbidities in the antenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal periods and its association with maternal, foetal, and neonatal death in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
Methods and findings: This is a prospective cohort study, conducted in 9 research sites in 8 countries of South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. We conducted population-based surveillance of women of reproductive ...


Student Loans And Health-Related Financial Hardship, Sophia T. Anong, Robin Henager Jun 2021

Student Loans And Health-Related Financial Hardship, Sophia T. Anong, Robin Henager

Journal of Student Financial Aid

Research has shown that student loan borrowers in repayment exhibit physical and mental health problems. These can be exacerbated by and contribute to health-related financial hardship. We use the 2015 U.S. National Financial Capability Study to examine the likelihood of having past due medical bills and of avoiding health care services by not purchasing prescribed medication, skipping tests or follow-up with a doctor or not seeking care for a medical problem. Borrowers on income-driven repayment plans and those who made late payments are found to be more likely to have unpaid medical bills and to have avoided required medical ...


Users’ Satisfaction On Sc/St Book Bank Scheme Through Ordinal Logistic Regression Analysis, Kutty Kumar Dr, Kutty Kumar Dr Jun 2021

Users’ Satisfaction On Sc/St Book Bank Scheme Through Ordinal Logistic Regression Analysis, Kutty Kumar Dr, Kutty Kumar Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Ordinal Logistic Regression (OLR) is used to predict an ordinal structured variable given one or more independent variables. In this study, OLR used to decide the level of satisfaction on SC/ST book bank scheme (ordinal independent variable), measured on a five-point Likert type scale from “completely dissatisfied-1 through completely satisfied-5, depending on the discernment of ‘life science’ and ‘engineering students belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC) or Tribe (ST)’. Model appropriateness depends on determining which explanatory variables considered for the model and selecting the link function (complementary log-log link function used in this study). Likewise, the model fitting perceptions, the ...


Outpatient Anticoagulation Management, Anne Du Breuil, Md Jun 2021

Outpatient Anticoagulation Management, Anne Du Breuil, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

Objectives

  • Warfarin Management
  • Anticoagulation Module in Epic
  • Brief summary of Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs)
  • Brief Perioperative Anticoagulation Tips


An Investigation Into Over The Counter Painkiller Use, Shane M. Cusack, Angeline D. Lagali, Andreia Stavrianos Jun 2021

An Investigation Into Over The Counter Painkiller Use, Shane M. Cusack, Angeline D. Lagali, Andreia Stavrianos

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

This study comprises a survey to examine the use, risks, and awareness of over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication. The survey was a paper-based survey extended to the general public in Cork, Ireland from February 24th 2020 to March 14th 2020. A Microsoft Excel template (16.34 2020) was used to analyse the results of the 106 valid responses that were received. Responses showed that 105/106 individuals had taken an OTC painkiller in their lifetime. Paracetamol was the most used OTC painkiller with 98.1% of people having taken it in the past. The overall majority of individuals ...


Triggering And Protective Factors Of Burnout In Medical Resident Physicians In A Lower-Middle-Income Country: A Cross-Sectional Study, Saad Bin Zafar Mahmood, Aqusa Zahid, Noreen Nasir, Munaim Tahir, Uzma Ghouri, Aysha Almas Jun 2021

Triggering And Protective Factors Of Burnout In Medical Resident Physicians In A Lower-Middle-Income Country: A Cross-Sectional Study, Saad Bin Zafar Mahmood, Aqusa Zahid, Noreen Nasir, Munaim Tahir, Uzma Ghouri, Aysha Almas

Section of Internal Medicine

Background: Residents and interns are prone to emotional and physical exhaustion, also known as burnout. Burnout has not been studied much in physicians working in lower-middle income countries. We conducted this study to determine the burden of burnout among internal medicine residents and to identify triggering and protective factors associated with burnout.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at two institutes in Karachi from 2018 to 2019. All residents registered in the internal medicine program for at least 6 months were invited to participate via an online survey. An abbreviated version of the Maslach Burnout scale was used ...


Health Care Disparities Around The Globe, Brianna N. Hodak, Renee Nicholson Jun 2021

Health Care Disparities Around The Globe, Brianna N. Hodak, Renee Nicholson

Mountaineer Undergraduate Research Review

In Honduras, there are only 0.8 physicians for every 1,000 citizens, creating a nearly insurmountable barrier on the ability to access health care for the impoverished lower and middle classes. Various health care models that a country adopts directly affects the quality of life of its citizens, including access to care and clean water, advocacy of preventative methods, and life expectancy. By analyzing models, such as the “Out-of-Pocket”, Beveridge, and Bismarck models, one can see that there are positive and negative aspects in every system. It can also be seen that the American Healthcare system is also in ...


Covid-19 Pandemic Awareness, Attitudes, And Practices Among The Pakistani General Public, Rehana Rehman, Shireen Jawed, Rabiya Ali, Khola Noreen, Mukhtiar Baig, Javaria Baig Jun 2021

Covid-19 Pandemic Awareness, Attitudes, And Practices Among The Pakistani General Public, Rehana Rehman, Shireen Jawed, Rabiya Ali, Khola Noreen, Mukhtiar Baig, Javaria Baig

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background: Outbreak of COVID-19, in many countries, has imposed a lockdown on their residents. The usefulness of extenuative actions is extremely reliant on society's knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) toward pandemic control.
Objective: This study aimed to explore the awareness, attitudes, and practices of the general Pakistani population to COVID-19.
Methods: From June 13, 2020, until June 30, 2020, a cross-sectional online KAP survey was conducted among the Pakistani public. For data collection, a validated self-administered questionnaire was used. The survey instrument consisted of six demographic characteristics, 14 items on knowledge, four on attitudes, and six items on practices ...


The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber Jun 2021

The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

The 19th Amendment had and continues to have a major impact on women’s healthcare in the United States. Prior to suffrage, women had little to no ability to voice their thoughts on and change policies that regarded their own health. This essay addresses the way in which the vote both directly and indirectly impacted healthcare; including workplace conditions, maternal and reproductive rights, racial disparities, political advocacy and healthcare, the different waves of feminism, and how this has all affected modern healthcare for women. From progressive articles being published in women's magazines, to the establishment of marital rape, to ...