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The Effects Of Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques In The Security Work System, Abdalla Alnaqbi 2024 Journal of Police and Legal Sciences

The Effects Of Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques In The Security Work System, Abdalla Alnaqbi

Journal of Police and Legal Sciences

The goal of the research is to shed light on the techniques of artificial intelligence in the work of experts and groups, and to achieve this goal by seeking to search for the concept of artificial intelligence, as well as the classification of artificial intelligence, and clarifying the role of artificial intelligence in organizations and bodies, and it also reached the definition of the positive and cooperative effects of artificial intelligence in... the job. And the. The researcher followed the descriptive model of analysis in order to achieve the objectives of the study, and the study reached one of the …


Criminal Confrontation Of The Crime Committed Via An Automated Robot In Libyan And Emirati Law, . Mashaallah Alzwae 2024 Journal of Police and Legal Sciences

Criminal Confrontation Of The Crime Committed Via An Automated Robot In Libyan And Emirati Law, . Mashaallah Alzwae

Journal of Police and Legal Sciences

Today's world is witnessing an important development in telecommunications, information technology and computers that has resulted in what are known as automated robots as one of the most important applications of artificial intelligence and has increased reliance on them in various areas of life for the importance of the services they provide to humanity. However, such robots may be used to commit an offence and the study therefore aims to determine the effectiveness of legal texts in the face of the offence from which they may occur. The study required an analytical and comparative approach by analysing and comparing the …


Authenticated Diagnosing Of Covid-19 Using Deep Learning-Based Ct Image Encryption Approach, Mohamed Attia Abdelgwad, Amira Hassan Abed, Mahmoud bahloul 2024 Future University in Egypt, Egypt

Authenticated Diagnosing Of Covid-19 Using Deep Learning-Based Ct Image Encryption Approach, Mohamed Attia Abdelgwad, Amira Hassan Abed, Mahmoud Bahloul

Future Computing and Informatics Journal

Researchers are motivated to use artificial intelligence in biometrics, medical imaging encryption, as well as cybersecurity due to its rapid progress. An encryption method for CT scans—which are used to diagnose COVID-19 disease—is proposed in this study. The suggested encryption method creates a connection among an individual's face picture and CT image to increase confidentiality. The simple CT picture is first enhanced with a host image. An encryption key is multiplied by the final result. This key is produced by applying a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to recognize characteristics from people's face photographs. Additionally, a straightforward CNN with three convolutional …


Authentic Impediments: The Influence Of Identity Threat, Cultivated Perceptions, And Personality On Robophobia, Kate K. Mays 2024 University of Vermont

Authentic Impediments: The Influence Of Identity Threat, Cultivated Perceptions, And Personality On Robophobia, Kate K. Mays

Human-Machine Communication

Considering possible impediments to authentic interactions with machines, this study explores contributors to robophobia from the potential dual influence of technological features and individual traits. Through a 2 x 2 x 3 online experiment, a robot’s physical human-likeness, gender, and status were manipulated and individual differences in robot beliefs and personality traits were measured. The effects of robot traits on phobia were non-significant. Overall, subjective beliefs about what robots are, cultivated by media portrayals, whether they threaten human identity, are moral, and have agency were the strongest predictors of robophobia. Those with higher internal locus of control and neuroticism, and …


What’S In A Name And/Or A Frame? Ontological Framing And Naming Of Social Actors And Social Responses, David Westerman, Michael Vosburg, Xinyue Liu, Patric R. Spence 2024 North Dakota State University

What’S In A Name And/Or A Frame? Ontological Framing And Naming Of Social Actors And Social Responses, David Westerman, Michael Vosburg, Xinyue Liu, Patric R. Spence

Human-Machine Communication

Artificial intelligence (AI) is fundamentally a communication field. Thus, the study of how AI interacts with us is likely to be heavily driven by communication. The current study examined two things that may impact people’s perceptions of socialness of a social actor: one nonverbal (ontological frame) and one verbal (providing a name) with a 2 (human vs. robot) x 2 (named or not) experiment. Participants saw one of four videos of a study “host” crossing these conditions and responded to various perceptual measures about the socialness and task ability of that host. Overall, data were consistent with hypotheses that whether …


Navigating The Rules: Integrating Td3 And Sensor Fusion For Traffic-Aware Autonomous Vehicle Path Planning, Mahmoud Ayman Mohamed Elsayed 2024 American University in Cairo

Navigating The Rules: Integrating Td3 And Sensor Fusion For Traffic-Aware Autonomous Vehicle Path Planning, Mahmoud Ayman Mohamed Elsayed

Theses and Dissertations

This work presents a novel algorithm for local path planning for autonomous vehicles (AVs) which prioritizes both safety and adherence to traffic regulations, addressing critical functions for AV navigation, such as navigating complex environments, avoiding obstacles, and ensuring passenger and road users safety. The algorithm integrates the Twin Delayed Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (TD3) with sensor fusion based on Nvidia Convolutional Neural Network (NCNN). The study utilizes the CARLA simulator, and real-world datasets, including KITTI and WAYMO, to train and evaluate the proposed algorithm. The proposed algorithm leverages the complementary strengths of Imitation Learning (IL) and Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) …


Drone Swarm Search And Rescue, Rushabh Shah, Christopher Short, Anderson MacMillan, Wyatt Colburn 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Drone Swarm Search And Rescue, Rushabh Shah, Christopher Short, Anderson Macmillan, Wyatt Colburn

Electrical Engineering

Drone swarms offer the potential to drastically reduce search times and improve the effectiveness of search and rescue operations. This senior project explores the development of a drone swarm system for search and rescue missions, focusing on two key challenges: (1) precise localization of each drone within the swarm relative to one another and (2) accurate localization of a target beacon relative to the drones. The project utilizes Real Time Kinematic (RTK) processing to enhance the accuracy of drone localization, achieving centimeter-level precision. Target localization is achieved through a triangulation-based approach using Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) data from a …


Autonomous Apple Harvester Robot, Jack Ryan Cline, Tyus Green, Devon Woolston 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Autonomous Apple Harvester Robot, Jack Ryan Cline, Tyus Green, Devon Woolston

Electrical Engineering

As agricultural demands rise and manual labor costs increase, there has become a dire need to automate apple harvesting. However, the precision and speed necessary for cost-efficient apple harvesting pose a significant challenge for robotic automation. To maintain cost-effective production, a harvester must be able to operate fast enough and long enough to compete with human labor. It must also be able to navigate and traverse apple orchards autonomously and pick apples without damaging the fruit or tree. This project presents an apple harvesting robot that uses a Mask R-CNN vision system with an RGB-D camera to detect the location …


Technocene, Vir Joseph Naidu 2024 Rhode Island School of Design

Technocene, Vir Joseph Naidu

Masters Theses

Embodied human communication within the Anthropocene. Existing at the intersection of technology, and the body.

The design industry has developed technology that is, paradoxically, isolating. The exposure to a vast audience in the digital sphere has introduced new societal pressures, leading to a disconnection from our immediate surroundings, detached, and donning metaphorical masks. Technocene lives on the fringes of the discipline by blending conceptual thinking with practical application. Through curious, experimental artifacts, it prompts us to shed our masks and embrace vulnerability. Technocene endeavors to reimagine the human experience by acting as a discursive design project. It probes the boundaries …


Smart Robot Design And Implementation To Assist Pedestrian Road Crossing, Hovannes Kulhandjian 2024 California State University, Fresno

Smart Robot Design And Implementation To Assist Pedestrian Road Crossing, Hovannes Kulhandjian

Mineta Transportation Institute

This research focuses on designing and developing a smart robot to assist pedestrians with road crossings. Pedestrian safety is a major concern, as highlighted by the high annual rates of fatalities and injuries. In 2020, the United States recorded 6,516 pedestrian fatalities and approximately 55,000 injuries, with children under 16 being especially vulnerable. This project aims to address this need by offering an innovative solution that prioritizes real-time detection and intelligent decision-making at intersections. Unlike existing studies that rely on traffic light infrastructure, our approach accurately identifies both vehicles and pedestrians at intersections, creating a comprehensive safety system. Our strategy …


Effects Of A Wi-Fi Link On The Performance Of A Path Following Autonomous Ground Vehicle, Anthony Iwejuo, Austin Cagle, Billy Kihei, Ph.D. 2024 Kennesaw State University

Effects Of A Wi-Fi Link On The Performance Of A Path Following Autonomous Ground Vehicle, Anthony Iwejuo, Austin Cagle, Billy Kihei, Ph.D.

Symposium of Student Scholars

As vehicles become more automated and connected, the future of safe and efficient travel will be dependent on efficient wireless networks. Artificial intelligence (AI) demands high power resources and computing resources that can be resource-intensive for mobile robotic systems. A new paradigm involving the remote computing of A.I. can enable robotics that are built lighter and more power efficient. In this study, we compare a locally run artificial intelligence algorithm for autonomous ground vehicle navigation against remote computation through various wireless links to highlight the need for low-latency access to remote computing resources over Wi-Fi network calls. Our findings show …


Mosaic Swarm Robotics: Emulating Natural Collective Behaviors For Efficient Task Execution With Custom Mobile Robots, Jonathan Ridley, Arielle Charles, Charles Koduru, Muhammad Hassan Tanveer, Razvan Voicu 2024 Kennesaw State University

Mosaic Swarm Robotics: Emulating Natural Collective Behaviors For Efficient Task Execution With Custom Mobile Robots, Jonathan Ridley, Arielle Charles, Charles Koduru, Muhammad Hassan Tanveer, Razvan Voicu

Symposium of Student Scholars

Mosaics, as an artistic expression, involves the meticulous arrangement of diverse tiles to form a unified composition. Drawing inspiration from this concept, the field of swarm robotics seeks to emulate nature’s collective behaviors observed in ant colonies, fish schools, and bird flocks, employing multiple agents to accomplish tasks efficiently. Our research explores the concept of mosaic swarm robotics, where numerous nodes with specialized functions are deployed across various domains, including applications for outdoor data capture and environment mapping. We utilized custom mobile robots operated by Raspberry Pi microcontrollers. By establishing an elaborate web of client-to-client communications to enable true localized …


Securing The Skies: Safety-Constrained Decentralized Multi-Uav Coordination With Deep Reinforcement Learning, Jean-Elie Pierre 2024 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Securing The Skies: Safety-Constrained Decentralized Multi-Uav Coordination With Deep Reinforcement Learning, Jean-Elie Pierre

Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

In the dynamic landscape of autonomous aerial systems, the integration of uncrewed aerial vehicles (UAVs) has sparked a paradigm shift, offering unprecedented opportunities and challenges in collaborative decision-making and navigation. This thesis explores the application of multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL) for the planning and coordination of UAVs in complex environments.

The first part of this thesis provides an introduction to single-agent reinforcement learning and MARL. We provide examples of the use of MARL for countering uncrewed aerial systems (C-UAS). We formulate the Counter-UAS problem as a multiagent partially observable Markov decision process (MAPOMDP), and we propose Multi-AGent partial observable deep …


Generalized Model To Enable Zero-Shot Imitation Learning For Versatile Robots, Yongshuai Wu 2024 Kennesaw State University

Generalized Model To Enable Zero-Shot Imitation Learning For Versatile Robots, Yongshuai Wu

Master's Theses

The rapid advancement in Deep Learning (DL), especially in Reinforcement Learning (RL) and Imitation Learning (IL), has positioned it as a promising approach for a multitude of autonomous robotic systems. However, the current methodologies are predominantly constrained to singular setups, necessitating substantial data and extensive training periods. Moreover, these methods have exhibited suboptimal performance in tasks requiring long-horizontal maneuvers, such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) inventory, where a robot requires thousands of steps to complete.

In this thesis, we address the aforementioned challenges by presenting the Cross-modal Reasoning Model (CMRM), a novel zero-shot Imitation Learning policy, to tackle long-horizontal robotic …


Flexible Strain Gauge Sensors As Real-Time Stretch Receptors For Use In Biomimetic Bpa Muscle Applications, Rochelle Jubert 2024 Portland State University

Flexible Strain Gauge Sensors As Real-Time Stretch Receptors For Use In Biomimetic Bpa Muscle Applications, Rochelle Jubert

Student Research Symposium

This work presents a novel approach to real-time length sensing for biomimetic Braided Pneumatic Actuators (BPAs) as artificial muscles in soft robotics applications. The use of artificial muscles enables the development of more interesting robotic designs that no longer depend on single rotation joints controlled by motors. Developing robots with these capabilities, however, produces more complexities in control and sensing. Joint encoders, the mainstay of robotic feedback, can no longer be used, so new methods of sensing are needed to get feedback on muscle behavior to implement intelligent controls. To address this need, flexible strain gauge sensors from Portland company, …


Multi-Domain Secure Dds Networks For Aerial And Ground Vehicle Communications, Daniel Pendleton 2024 Clemson University

Multi-Domain Secure Dds Networks For Aerial And Ground Vehicle Communications, Daniel Pendleton

All Theses

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Simulating And Training Autonomous Rover Navigation In Unity Engine Using Local Sensor Data, Christopher Pace 2024 Liberty University

Simulating And Training Autonomous Rover Navigation In Unity Engine Using Local Sensor Data, Christopher Pace

Senior Honors Theses

Autonomous navigation is essential to remotely operating mobile vehicles on Mars, as communication takes up to 20 minutes to travel between the Earth and Mars. Several autonomous navigation methods have been implemented in Mars rovers and other mobile robots, such as odometry or simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) until the past few years when deep reinforcement learning (DRL) emerged as a viable alternative. In this thesis, a simulation model for end-to-end DRL Mars rover autonomous navigation training was created using Unity Engine, using local inputs such as GNSS, LiDAR, and gyro. This model was then trained in navigation in a …


Investigating Autonomous Ground Vehicles For Weed Elimination, Abraham Mitchell 2024 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Investigating Autonomous Ground Vehicles For Weed Elimination, Abraham Mitchell

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The management of weeds in crop fields is a continuous agricultural problem. The use of herbicides is the most common solution, but herbicidal resistance decreases effectiveness, and the use of herbicides has been found to have severe adverse effects on human health and the environment. The use of autonomous drone systems for weed elimination is an emerging solution, but challenges in GPS-based localization and navigation can impact the effectiveness of these systems. The goal of this thesis is to evaluate techniques for minimizing localization errors of drones as they attempt to eliminate weeds. A simulation environment was created to model …


Summonable Construction Delivery Robot, Kevin M. Lewis 2024 Northern Illinois University

Summonable Construction Delivery Robot, Kevin M. Lewis

Honors Capstones

In many different construction industries, there is a need for tools, parts, and other necessary items to be transported quickly and efficiently over various types of terrain. Human resources have often been used to address these needs, which can become very time and cost inefficient over long periods. The design proposal here is aimed at addressing this need by developing an autonomous outdoor mobile robot based on a quadrupedal robot design. This approach differs by incorporating a wheeled and quadrupedal hybrid actuation system that provides terrain negotiation and speed at the appropriate times. The team uses Robot Operating System (ROS) …


Mav Localization In Gps-Denied Environments And Synthetic Data Collection In Challenging Simulated Conditions, Julio A. Reyes Munoz 2024 University of Texas at El Paso

Mav Localization In Gps-Denied Environments And Synthetic Data Collection In Challenging Simulated Conditions, Julio A. Reyes Munoz

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The development of unmanned aerial systems presents an opportunity for conducting industrial inspections in environments where traditional navigation systems, such as the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), are compromised. This dissertation investigates the implementation of a micro aerial vehicle (MAV) capable of autonomous data acquisition in complex, GNSS-degraded industrial settings. The primary challenge addressed is the robust localization of MAVs, a critical aspect in ensuring reliable operation under varying and uncertain environmental conditions.

The work is divided into two main parts. The first part focuses on the design and integration of a MAV system specifically for power plant inspections in …


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