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An Explorative Study Of The Methods Used In Dendrochronology And Its Applications, Matthew Bowery 2022 Western University

An Explorative Study Of The Methods Used In Dendrochronology And Its Applications, Matthew Bowery

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The science of dendrochronology involves the dating of tree rings and analysis of their annual growth rates. It is important to conduct field studies to determine what tree species in a given area are suitable for analysis. This project began by coring Acer plantanoides, Acer saccharinum, Acer saccharum, and Picea abies from the Fanshawe Conservation Area in London, Ontario. Each core was prepped using standard procedures and analyzed for the visibility of annual rings. The tree rings of Acer plantanoides and Acer saccharinum were inadequate for accurate dating, and thus, only Acer saccharum and Picea abies were used and included ...


A Conservation Crisis In Our Backyard; Exploring The Challenge Of Advocacy And Restoration In The Carolinian Ecoregion, Ava J. Russell Miss 2022 Western University

A Conservation Crisis In Our Backyard; Exploring The Challenge Of Advocacy And Restoration In The Carolinian Ecoregion, Ava J. Russell Miss

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The Carolinian ecoregion, which covers approximately 22,000 km2, and stretches northeast from the US border on the Niagara River and around the Lake Ontario shoreline to Toronto, and northwest from Grand Bend to Lake Huron, is a 'hotspot' for species diversity and richness. This region has been highly developed following European colonial development, and has also become one of the most populated areas for residents in Canada. Consequently, many species in this region are severely at risk, where the Carolinian ecoregion has a disproportionately high share of over 60% of Canada's species at risk. This blog discusses ...


Sustainable Development Goals Within Canadian Universities, Kavanagh S.A Lambert 2022 Western University

Sustainable Development Goals Within Canadian Universities, Kavanagh S.A Lambert

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were created for all countries by the United Nations in 2015 with the aim of transforming the world for the better. Each country is responsible for working towards achieving these SDGs. Within Canada, fifteen research universities known as the U-15 make up the majority of private-sector research and innovation. About 65% of these U-15 institutions have developed their own SDG report/plan, illustrating a high level of initiative and involvement when it comes to the SDGs. Research indicates that as countries continue to improve their efforts towards the SDGs, there will be a need ...


Thoughts On Constructing Self-Reliance And Self-Strengthening Marine Scientific Observation And Detection Technology System, Yuantao WU, Xiaobo REN, Xiaonan DUAN, Zhibin WEN, Danhong DONG, Jianping YIN, Zhongli SHA, Hongyu ZHAO, Lei JIANG, Lixia JIANG, Gang SHEN 2022 Bereau of Major R&D Programs, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China

Thoughts On Constructing Self-Reliance And Self-Strengthening Marine Scientific Observation And Detection Technology System, Yuantao Wu, Xiaobo Ren, Xiaonan Duan, Zhibin Wen, Danhong Dong, Jianping Yin, Zhongli Sha, Hongyu Zhao, Lei Jiang, Lixia Jiang, Gang Shen

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The marine area is a strategic area of China. To build China into a strong maritime country, we should enhance the capacity for exploiting marine resources, develop the maritime economy, protect the marine ecological environment, and resolutely safeguard national maritime rights and interests. Promoting marine science and technology to achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance is an inevitable requirement for accelerating the construction of maritime country. The marine scientific observation and exploration is the basic means of understanding the ocean, and is also an important basis for the marine resources development, environmental protection and rights and interests protection. This paper ...


Perspective On Key Materials For Marine Observation And Exploration Platform, Rui YANG, Yingjie MA, Shijing CHENG 2022 Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China

Perspective On Key Materials For Marine Observation And Exploration Platform, Rui Yang, Yingjie Ma, Shijing Cheng

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

An overview is presented of the status of pressure-resistant structural materials and structural functional materials for application in marine observation and exploration platform. The key roles of new materials in facilitating high performance marine equipment are highlighted. The most in-demand observation tasks concern the upper ocean and low cost materials must be developed to manufacture affordable equipment. For deep ocean observations, future challenges are identified for developing next-generation high strength titanium alloys, buoyancy materials, lighting materials, and lubricating and sealing materials. Recommendations are proposed regarding project organization and research paradigm update, and emphasis is placed upon identifying and solving scientific ...


Status And Trends Of Energy Power Supply Technologies For Underwater Equipment, Tianyuan WU, Lixia JIANG, Guanglei CUI 2022 Qingdao Industrial Energy Storage Research Institute, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Processes Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China

Status And Trends Of Energy Power Supply Technologies For Underwater Equipment, Tianyuan Wu, Lixia Jiang, Guanglei Cui

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

In the process of cognition and exploration of the ocean, underwater observation and detection equipment is the necessary facility to enter and detect the ocean. These types of equipment provide technical support for the development and utilization of marine resources and is an important grip for the implementation of China's marine strategy and the construction of a strong marine country. However, limited by the current level of energy supply, the underwater equipment has problems such as single operation capacity and short single endurance time, which cannot meet the needs of long-term operation under complex working conditions. As the development ...


Application And Prospect Of Unmanned Underwater Vehicle, Shuo LI, Yuantao WU, Chen LI, Hongyu ZHAO, Yiping LI 2022 State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Application And Prospect Of Unmanned Underwater Vehicle, Shuo Li, Yuantao Wu, Chen Li, Hongyu Zhao, Yiping Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) is one of the advanced technologies for human to explore and understand the ocean. It is an important equipment for China's construction of a marine power. This study introduces the current development status of UUV, with special focus on the latest application achievements of China's pedigree UUV developed by Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, in deep-sea mineral resource exploration, deep-sea scientific research, abyss research and North-South polar expedition. Combined with the current research basis of UUV, the development and application of underwater vehicle in the future are prospected. Through the research ...


Critical Technologies For Detection Of Polar Environment, Xiao CHENG, Shuangshuang FAN, Lei ZHENG, Juanling ZHOU 2022 Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), School of Geospatial Engineering and Science, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, China

Critical Technologies For Detection Of Polar Environment, Xiao Cheng, Shuangshuang Fan, Lei Zheng, Juanling Zhou

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The South and North poles are cold sources of the Earth system. The local climate and environment in polar regions have experienced rapid change under global warming. The development of technologies for the detection of the polar environment can provide critical support for the understanding of mechanisms of rapid climate change and the participation in international polar governance. Technologies for the detection of the polar environment have been seen considerable development in the past four decades since China engaged in polar expeditions. This study introduces the domestic and international development process and the current status of the related technologies. The ...


Review And Prospect On International Ocean Circulation And Climate Observation Projects In Indo-Pacific Convergence Region, Fan WANG, Hui ZHOU, Jianing WANG, Lin WANG, Yixin MA 2022 Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China College of Marine Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Review And Prospect On International Ocean Circulation And Climate Observation Projects In Indo-Pacific Convergence Region, Fan Wang, Hui Zhou, Jianing Wang, Lin Wang, Yixin Ma

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

Today, human society faces global warming and its subsequent challenges. The ocean, as one important supporting component of the earth's life system, plays a vital role in realizing the goal of sustainable development of human society. As the birthplace of the heat engine of the earth's climate system, the Indo-Pacific convergence region plays a decisive role in modulating the distribution of earth heat and climate change and has been the focus of international ocean and climate observation projects. This study aims to summarize the achievements and challenges in the international observation projects in the Indo-Pacific convergence region since ...


Development Status And Prospect Of Marine Environmental Security Technology, Huabin MAO, Yuantao WU, Jianping YIN, Shumin LIAN 2022 South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Marine Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China

Development Status And Prospect Of Marine Environmental Security Technology, Huabin Mao, Yuantao Wu, Jianping Yin, Shumin Lian

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

With the continuous progress of ocean observation technology, more and more technical means have been provided for marine environmental safety technology. The marine environmental security technology plays an indispensable role in the national Belt and Road Initiatives. Meanwhile, it not only plays a crucial role in the achievement of building a maritime power and the maintenance of national maritime security, but also plays a positive role in promoting the construction of a "community with a shared future for the oceans" and implementing the goal of marine sustainable development. Based on the practical problems, this study introduces the system composition of ...


Thinking On Nuclear Energy Supply Scheme For Underwater Observation And Exploration Equipment, Zilong PENG, Shuxue YAN, Jianping YIN, Lei YANG, Xiangzhou CAI, Jie YU 2022 Ganjiang Innovation Academy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ganzhou 341119, China

Thinking On Nuclear Energy Supply Scheme For Underwater Observation And Exploration Equipment, Zilong Peng, Shuxue Yan, Jianping Yin, Lei Yang, Xiangzhou Cai, Jie Yu

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The ocean is essential to country's strategic interests and common destiny of mankind, and therefore equipment of various kinds is urgently needed for all-around and multi-dimensional ocean observation and exploration. This article brief introduced the two technological approaches of nuclear energy supply for underwater observation and exploration equipment and relevant exchange technologies of nuclear heat to electric power, quantitatively summarized the applicability of nuclear energy supply on all kinds of equipment, discussed the nuclear safety issues thereon, and then recommended that the technology research of radioisotope fabrication and separation and the construction of relevant facility, the development of individual ...


In Situ Detection Technology For Deep Sea Extreme Environment: Research Status And Strategies, Xin ZHANG, Chaolun LI, Lianfu LI 2022 Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China

In Situ Detection Technology For Deep Sea Extreme Environment: Research Status And Strategies, Xin Zhang, Chaolun Li, Lianfu Li

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The extreme environment of the deep sea has shaped special life processes with great resource potential, and its detection and research are the frontier of international earth science. While the harsh high-pressure environment of the deep sea greatly limits the application of deep-sea sampling and detection technology, the deep-sea in situ detection technology can obtain the component and content information of deep-sea samples without changing the location and state of the measured object, hence it is more and more widely used in the research of deep-sea extreme environment. The deep-sea extreme environment in situ detection technology has a broad prospect ...


Nashville-Basin Tornadoes: Using Storm Types To Elucidate The Local Climatology And Forecasting Challenges, Morgan Steckler, Kelsey Ellis 2022 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Nashville-Basin Tornadoes: Using Storm Types To Elucidate The Local Climatology And Forecasting Challenges, Morgan Steckler, Kelsey Ellis

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at The University of Tennessee

Early 3 March 2020 was a devastating night for many middle Tennessee residents. A strong EF-3 tornado tore through Nashville at 65 mph, and another EF-4 killed 18 in Baxter and Cookeville alone. Residents of the Southeastern United States are particularly vulnerable to tornadoes. This study aims to better understand local forecasting challenges by looking at the types of storms that produce tornadoes. Storm types, also known as convective modes, divide tornado-producing storms into categories by length, shape, multiplicity, and intensity. Distinguishing storms by these modes allows for a broader understanding of their occurrences and impacts. This study specifically evaluates ...


Winding Down River Road, Gillian Harper 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Winding Down River Road, Gillian Harper

LSU Master's Theses

As a mechanism to explore my temporary home in Louisiana, Winding Down River Road is a collection of artworks that integrates natural materials collected from landscapes in southern Louisiana with steel and petroleum-based products. My interest in researching environmental issues, ecology, and industry has shaped my vehicles for observation and how I generate data. Through a variety of methodologies, I am considering how climate change is forcing many of us to re-contextualize how our home can be affected by the very industries we rely on. Personal engagement with residents living in the dystopian atmosphere of southern Louisiana’s industrial corridor ...


Local And State Climate Initiatives In Louisiana Since 2005: Content And Thematic Analyses, Jessie F. Parrott 2022 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Local And State Climate Initiatives In Louisiana Since 2005: Content And Thematic Analyses, Jessie F. Parrott

LSU Master's Theses

Louisiana is uniquely exposed to severe weather because of its geography and climate. Louisiana’s extreme weather is exacerbated by anthropogenic climate change, which will worsen in the future. The risks its population and environment are exposed to has generated several policies and planning documents, nine of which are analyzed in this thesis. Three plans are from the state level, three are from the parish level, and three are from the urban (New Orleans) level. These planning documents pose various adaptation and mitigation actions to ameliorate and address multiple climate issues. These actions utilize specific mitigation strategies. The content and ...


Titaniferous-Vanadiferous, Magnetite-Ilmenite Mineralization In A Mafic Suite Within The Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex, Bihar, India, Ashmeer Mohammad, Anup K. Prasad, Kehe-u Wetsah, Mohammad Azad, Vivek Aryan, Hesham el-Askary 2022 Geological Survey of India

Titaniferous-Vanadiferous, Magnetite-Ilmenite Mineralization In A Mafic Suite Within The Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex, Bihar, India, Ashmeer Mohammad, Anup K. Prasad, Kehe-U Wetsah, Mohammad Azad, Vivek Aryan, Hesham El-Askary

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Titanium or vanadium metals or their alloys are important industrial metals/alloys. Because these resources are in short supply, the investigation of potential titaniferous-vanadiferous deposits needs special attention to bridge the supply-demand gap. The study integrates geological, geochemical, remote sensing, and geophysical data for assessing the potentiality of titaniferous-vanadiferous, magnetite-ilmenite mineralization in and around the Sudamakund and Paharpur areas, Gaya and Jehanabad districts, Bihar, India, and delineation of specific targets for detailed exploration. Field visits for large scale mapping on (1:12,500 scale) were used to conduct a reconnaissance survey for magnetite-ilmenite mineralization in parts of toposheet number 72G ...


Tropical Cyclone Storm Surge Detection In Slash Pine Radial Growth Along The Northern Gulf Of Mexico Coastline, Alyssa C. Crowell 2022 University of Southern Mississippi

Tropical Cyclone Storm Surge Detection In Slash Pine Radial Growth Along The Northern Gulf Of Mexico Coastline, Alyssa C. Crowell

Master's Theses

My thesis examines the ecological impact of tropical cyclone (TCs) storm surge on coastal slash pine (Pinus elliottii var. elliottii Engelm) communities along the Gulf of Mexico in the southern United States (U.S.). Previous research has shown slash pine radial growth trends can be examined to identify long and short-term growth changes associated with TC passage, providing insight into overall stand health and resiliency through time. However, this previous research encompasses just one site in Mississippi. My thesis expands the spatial footprint of TC-surge impact on slash pine radial growth with the addition of three new sites.

I examined ...


Air Quality And Vehicular Emissions: Evaluating Vehicular Emission Contributions To And Distribution Of Ambient Particulate Matter Pollution With Low-Cost Sensors In Richmond, Virginia, Morgan Malstead 2022 University of Richmond

Air Quality And Vehicular Emissions: Evaluating Vehicular Emission Contributions To And Distribution Of Ambient Particulate Matter Pollution With Low-Cost Sensors In Richmond, Virginia, Morgan Malstead

Environmental Studies Senior Seminar Projects

Hazardous air quality prematurely kills millions of people a year and exacerbates underlying health issues for millions more. Unsafe levels of particulate matter are typically associated with newly industrialized and developing countries, however, this is a misconception, especially when considering ambient air pollutants in densely packed urban areas. According to the Airbeam and Purple Air data collected on 07/15/2021, Richmond, Virginia has good air quality with the vast majority of values falling below the United States Environmental Protection Agency annual PM2.5 standard of 12 micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3). Vehicular emissions may not account for a ...


Using Lidar To Estimate Carbon Sequestration Of Evergreen Trees At Eastern Washington University (Ewu) Campus, Cheney, Washington, Kristy A. Snyder 2022 Eastern Washington University

Using Lidar To Estimate Carbon Sequestration Of Evergreen Trees At Eastern Washington University (Ewu) Campus, Cheney, Washington, Kristy A. Snyder

2022 Symposium

EWU contains a variety of deciduous and evergreen trees across its campus, providing several benefits. However, no comprehensive record exists of the total number, location, species, or ages of these trees. This knowledge can inform facilities of proper care for individual trees and can be used to estimate carbon sequestration on campus. Traditional on-the-ground methods for assessing trees require tree cores or clinometers, making trees susceptible to pests or disease and leading to inaccurate results. Remote sensing using lidar data is a noninvasive, more precise method to measure tree height and subsequently assess tree age. This poster explores using point ...


Multi-Criteria Evaluation Model For Classifying Marginal Cropland In Nebraska Using Historical Crop Yield And Biophysical Characteristics, Andrew Laws 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Multi-Criteria Evaluation Model For Classifying Marginal Cropland In Nebraska Using Historical Crop Yield And Biophysical Characteristics, Andrew Laws

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Marginal cropland is suboptimal due to historically low and variable productivity and limiting biophysical characteristics. To support future agricultural management and policy decisions in Nebraska, U.S.A, it is important to understand where cropland is marginal for its two most economically important crops: corn (Zea mays) and soybean (Glycine max). As corn and soybean are frequently planted in a crop rotation, it is important to consider if there is a relationship with cropland marginality. Based on the current literature, there exists a need for a flexible yet robust methodology for identifying marginal land at different scales, which takes advantage ...


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