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Hydraulic Modeling For The Assessment Of Flood Hazard Using The Iber Software In The Amarante Urban Center, Márcia Martins, Alberto Gomes, Pedro Pinto Santos 2018 CEGOT, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto

Hydraulic Modeling For The Assessment Of Flood Hazard Using The Iber Software In The Amarante Urban Center, Márcia Martins, Alberto Gomes, Pedro Pinto Santos

Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G) Conference Proceedings

Recently, there is an availability increase of hydraulic modeling software that allows the analysis and definition of several hydraulic variables, namely water depth and flow velocity, which are important parameters for the assessment and management of flood-prone areas. The growing use of this software is related with the fact of being Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), making possible the understanding of different approaches and providing most reliable and accurate results of flood-prone areas according different return periods.

In this study it was used the freely hydraulic software Iber, a tool for two-dimensional modeling of water flow in rivers and ...


Forewarned Is Forearmed: Review Of Curbing Catastrophe: Natural Hazards And Risk Reduction In The Modern World By Timothy H. Dixon (2017), Jason Makansi 2018 Pearl Street Inc

Forewarned Is Forearmed: Review Of Curbing Catastrophe: Natural Hazards And Risk Reduction In The Modern World By Timothy H. Dixon (2017), Jason Makansi

Numeracy

Timothy H. Dixon. 2017. Curbing Catastrophe: Natural Hazards and Risk Reduction in the Modern World. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press) 300 pp. ISBN 978-1108113663.

Curbing Catastrophe for the most part lives up to what is claimed in the foreword: “…a compelling account of recent and historical disasters, both natural and human-caused, drawing on common themes and providing a holistic understanding of hazards, disasters, and mitigation for anyone interested in this important and topical subject.” This is a pretty thorough treatment of an extraordinarily complex subject, and the gaps identified in this review should be considered explications more than criticisms.


Large Scale Climate Oscillation Impacts On Temperature, Precipitation And Land Surface Phenology In Central Asia, Kirsten M. de Beurs, Geoffrey Henebry, Braden C. Owsley, Irina N. Sokolik 2018 University of Oklahoma

Large Scale Climate Oscillation Impacts On Temperature, Precipitation And Land Surface Phenology In Central Asia, Kirsten M. De Beurs, Geoffrey Henebry, Braden C. Owsley, Irina N. Sokolik

GSCE Faculty Publications

Central Asia has been rapidly changing in multiple ways over the past few decades. Increases in temperature and likely decreases in precipitation in Central Asia as the result of global climate change are making one of the most arid regions in the world even more susceptible to large-scale droughts. Global climate oscillations, such as the El Ni ̃no–Southern Oscillation, have previously been linked to observed weather patterns in Central Asia. However, until now it has been unclear how the different climate oscillations act simultaneously to affect the weather and subsequently the vegetated land surface in Central Asia.We fit ...


Malanson Jms 2017 Data, George P. Malanson 2018 University of Iowa

Malanson Jms 2017 Data, George P. Malanson

Research Data

No abstract provided.


Interactions And Constraints In Model Species Response To Environmental Heteroscedasticity. Code, George P. Malanson 2018 University of Iowa

Interactions And Constraints In Model Species Response To Environmental Heteroscedasticity. Code, George P. Malanson

Research Data

No abstract provided.


Relations Of Alpine Plant Communities Across Environmental Gradients: Multilevel Versus Multiscale Analyses. Data, George P. Malanson, Dale L. Zimmerman, Mitch Kinney, Daniel B. Fagre 2018 University of Iowa

Relations Of Alpine Plant Communities Across Environmental Gradients: Multilevel Versus Multiscale Analyses. Data, George P. Malanson, Dale L. Zimmerman, Mitch Kinney, Daniel B. Fagre

Research Data

No abstract provided.


Distance And Environmental Difference In Alpine Plant Communities. Data, George P. Malanson 2018 University of Iowa

Distance And Environmental Difference In Alpine Plant Communities. Data, George P. Malanson

Research Data

No abstract provided.


Initial Limnological Observations At Five Small Lakes In Southern Pacific Costa Rica, Sally P Horn, Erik N. Johanson, Kurt A. Haberyan, Mathew S. Boehm, Jessie L. Johanson, Maureen Sánchez P., Mario Hernández V. 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Initial Limnological Observations At Five Small Lakes In Southern Pacific Costa Rica, Sally P Horn, Erik N. Johanson, Kurt A. Haberyan, Mathew S. Boehm, Jessie L. Johanson, Maureen Sánchez P., Mario Hernández V.

Geography Publications and Other Works

Costa Rica has hundreds of lakes, many of which have never been described or sampled by limnologists. Here we summarize initial observations of five small (0.2–1.7ha) lakes located at low elevation (365–490m) in the cantón of Buenos Aries. We collected basic limnological data and samples during visits in 2013 and 2014, and compiled environmental and archaeological data for their surroundings as a contribution to the documentation of lake diversity in Costa Rica, and to support parallel investigations of indicators of environmental history preserved in the sediments of the lakes. Lagunas Carse, Los Mangos, Danta, and Ojo ...


Changing Snow Seasonality In The Highlands Of Kyrgyzstan, Monika Tomaszewska, Geoffrey Henebry 2018 South Dakota State University

Changing Snow Seasonality In The Highlands Of Kyrgyzstan, Monika Tomaszewska, Geoffrey Henebry

GSCE Faculty Publications

Few studies have examined changing snow seasonality in Central Asia. Here, we analyzed changes in the seasonality of snow cover across Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) over 14 years from 2002/03–2015/16 using the most recent version (v006) of MODIS Terra and Aqua 8 day snow cover composites (MOD10A2/MYD10A2). We focused on three metrics of snow seasonality—first date of snow, last date of snow, and duration of snow season—and used nonparametric trends tests to assess the significance and direction of trends. We evaluated trends at three administration scales and across elevation. We used two techniques to assure that ...


The Impacts Of Green Spaces On Crime In New York City, Matthew Edward Iannone Jr. 2018 Fordham University

The Impacts Of Green Spaces On Crime In New York City, Matthew Edward Iannone Jr.

Student Theses 2015-Present

From the early 1960s through the mid-1990s, crime in New York City ran rampant. With a gradually dwindling police during this time, a high unemployment rate, and an rapidly increasing metropolitan population, crime peaked in the early 1990s, with the murder rate hitting a record-high of 2,245 in 1990. When Mayor Rudy Giuliani took office in 1994 and appoint Bill Bratton as the NYPD police commissioner, these rates immediately plunged. Numerous factors may have contributed to this sudden decline in crime: the police force grew significantly through the 1990s, more criminals were placed and held in prison, and the ...


Identifying Sinkholes Using A Geographic Information System (Gis), Andrew Kita 2018 The College at Brockport

Identifying Sinkholes Using A Geographic Information System (Gis), Andrew Kita

Senior Honors Theses

Sinkholes are closed depressions in soil or bedrock that form through chemical dissolution of carbonate rock in karst regions. Several studies have identified geologic and hydrologic features that promote sinkhole formation and influence their spatial distribution. This study used a GIS to analyze the relationships between sinkholes and proximity to faults, proximity to streams, and soil thickness in Genesee County, NY. It was hypothesized that a higher frequency of sinkholes (more than half of the number of sinkholes) would occur 1,000 meters or less from a fault, 150-450 meters from a stream, and in areas with one meter or ...


Creating Web Maps Of Forest Restoration Plots At Iracambi Atlantic Rainforest Research Center, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Daniel Lassila 2018 Clark University

Creating Web Maps Of Forest Restoration Plots At Iracambi Atlantic Rainforest Research Center, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Daniel Lassila

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

The purpose of this report is to provide a detailed account, discussion, and analysis of my internship at Iracambi Atlantic Rainforest Research Center in Minas Gerais, Brazil during the summer of 2017, where I worked under the direction of GIS Supervisor Mr. Cliff Jones. The central focus of my work dealt with consolidating existing GIS data on the organization’s rainforest restoration effort into a single normalized database - based on the Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact, creating a structure for future forest restoration volunteers including enabling offline field collection using Collector for ArcGIS, then creating an ArcGIS Online web map based ...


Ecological Sustainability Within California's Improved Forest Management Carbon Offsets Program, Cory Hertog 2018 Clark University

Ecological Sustainability Within California's Improved Forest Management Carbon Offsets Program, Cory Hertog

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Forest Carbon offsets are being used as a climate change mitigation strategy in multiple programs around the world. But, are programs setup in a way that are ecologically sustainable? This paper reviews concepts pertinent to ecologically sustainable forest management and then examines if Improved Forest Management Carbon offset policies and projects within the California emissions trading scheme are setup in an ecologically sustainable manner. After a review of the Improved Forest Management Protocol and 31 project documents, it is apparent that policies and projects promote aspects of ecologically sustainable management. However, there is room for improvement when managing for natural ...


An Assessment Of Atmospheric And Meteorological Factors Regulating Red Sea Phytoplankton Growth, Wenzhao Li, Hesham el-Askary, Mohamed A. Qurban, Emmanouil Proestakis, Michael J. Garay, Olga V. Kalishnikova, Vassilis Amiridis, Antonis Gkikas, Eleni Marinou, Thomas Piechota, K. P. Manikandan 2018 Chapman University

An Assessment Of Atmospheric And Meteorological Factors Regulating Red Sea Phytoplankton Growth, Wenzhao Li, Hesham El-Askary, Mohamed A. Qurban, Emmanouil Proestakis, Michael J. Garay, Olga V. Kalishnikova, Vassilis Amiridis, Antonis Gkikas, Eleni Marinou, Thomas Piechota, K. P. Manikandan

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

This study considers the various factors that regulate nutrients supply in the Red Sea. Multi-sensor observation and reanalysis datasets are used to examine the relationships among dust deposition, sea surface temperature (SST), and wind speed, as they may contribute to anomalous phytoplankton blooms, through time-series and correlation analyses. A positive correlation was found at 0–3 months lag between chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) anomalies and dust anomalies over the Red Sea regions. Dust deposition process was further examined with dust aerosols’ vertical distribution using satellite lidar data. Conversely, a negative correlation was found at 0–3 months lag between SST ...


The Greater Effects Of Ocean Acidification: Shellfish In The Arctic, Bailey Aasen 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

The Greater Effects Of Ocean Acidification: Shellfish In The Arctic, Bailey Aasen

Scandinavian Studies Student Award

This paper explains the impacts of ocean acidification, specifically on the shellfish population in the Arctic. It explores the physical, economical and social implications that this issue has on the Arctic and the Arctic community. Originally written in 2016 and revised in 2018, this paper aims to address the increasing problem of ocean acidification in the Arctic and what solutions are being brought to the table to address the problem.


The Journey Of The Water, James Kelly 2018 N/A

The Journey Of The Water, James Kelly

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This piece follows the course of the Mapocho river in Chile from its origins in the Andes through to its discharge into the Pacific Ocean. It has also sought to include a number of Scottish words to create a form of polyglossia and experiment with the texture of the prose.


Becoming Human In The Land: An Introduction To The Special Issue Of Heritage: Landscapes, Drew Hubbell 2018 Edith Cowan University

Becoming Human In The Land: An Introduction To The Special Issue Of Heritage: Landscapes, Drew Hubbell

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This introduction to the special issue of Landscapes theorizes the questions suggested by the theme, "Landscape: Heritage." Weaving personal narrative with literary criticism, cultural studies, human geography, and ecology, the essay examines the way humans become human by developing complex relationships with landscapes over time. As landscapes contain the physical traces of human habitation and development, certain narratives of human inhabitants are written and memorialized in and by those landscapes. The monumentalization of specific heritages leads to contests between human groups who require certain heritages to be memorialized, but not others. Greater awareness of one's humanity requires recovery of ...


A Naturalist’S Guide To The Great Plains, Paul A. Johnsgard 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Naturalist’S Guide To The Great Plains, Paul A. Johnsgard

Zea E-Books

This book documents nearly 500 US and Canadian locations where wildlife refuges, nature preserves, and similar properties protect natural sites that lie within the North American Great Plains, from Canada’s Prairie Provinces to the Texas-Mexico border. Information on site location, size, biological diversity, and the presence of especially rare or interesting flora and fauna are mentioned, as well as driving directions, mailing addresses, and phone numbers or internet addresses, as available. US federal sites include 11 national grasslands, 13 national parks, 16 national monuments, and more than 70 national wildlife refuges. State properties include nearly 100 state parks and ...


After Nature: A Politics For The Anthropocene, Ann Vitous 2018 University of South Florida

After Nature: A Politics For The Anthropocene, Ann Vitous

Journal of Ecological Anthropology

No abstract provided.


A Detailed Hydrodynamic Study To Help Community Based Resiliency Planning Under Extreme Climatic And Weather Events, Md. Golam Rabbani Fahad 2018 Rowan University

A Detailed Hydrodynamic Study To Help Community Based Resiliency Planning Under Extreme Climatic And Weather Events, Md. Golam Rabbani Fahad

Theses and Dissertations

The State of New Jersey is particularly vulnerable to extreme weather and climatic events. This study concentrates on spatial and temporal vulnerability of these events using climate and hydrodynamic modelling. The first chapter focuses on historical climatic trend of temperature and precipitation as well as the future scenarios using 10 bias corrected climate model output considering high end emission scenario derived from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). In the second chapter a coastal hydrodynamic model called ADCIRC-2DDI was implemented to assess the impact of hurricanes in the Western North Atlantic (WNAT) model domain. The efficiency of the model ...


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