Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Speech and Hearing Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

683 Full-Text Articles 968 Authors 126,292 Downloads 80 Institutions

All Articles in Speech and Hearing Science

Faceted Search

683 full-text articles. Page 1 of 23.

Similarities And Difference In The Neural Processing Of Speech And Song In Religious Music, Brett Pielstick 2018 Brigham Young University

Similarities And Difference In The Neural Processing Of Speech And Song In Religious Music, Brett Pielstick

Undergraduate Honors Theses

An fMRI study was performed to see the differences in the neurological processing between spoken and sung language in religious music. Students at Brigham Young University, who are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, were exposed to alternating blocks of spoken and sung lyrics of religious and non-religious songs. There was no significant activation when contrasting speech and song, but there was significant activation in the right middle temporal gyrus and the posterior cingulate gyrus when listening to spoken and sung religious lyrics, suggesting an emotional reaction to religious stimuli. Contrasting spoken stimuli for both religious ...


A Longitudinal Study On Language Learning Vocabulary In L2 Spanish, Cristina Pardo-Ballester 2018 Iowa State University

A Longitudinal Study On Language Learning Vocabulary In L2 Spanish, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

Some learners perform better on listening tests that include visual input instead of audio only (Wagner, 2008) while others have found no difference in the performance of participants in the two test formats (Batty, 2015). These mixed results make it necessary to examine the role of using audio and video in listening comprehension (LC). This study examines the effect of input modality on the learning of new vocabulary with intermediate L2 learners. The study gave four versions of the same text: a baseline in audio format, a baseline in video format, a redundancy-enhanced version in audio format and a redundancy-enhanced ...


The Past, Present And Future Of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening In Taiwan, Lin Hung-Ching, Hsiu-Wen Chang, Wen-Hui Hsieh Wen-Hui Hsieh 2018 Mackay Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan

The Past, Present And Future Of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening In Taiwan, Lin Hung-Ching, Hsiu-Wen Chang, Wen-Hui Hsieh Wen-Hui Hsieh

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

In Taiwan, the Taipei Mackay Memorial Hospital, in collaboration with the Children’s Hearing Foundation, initiated a free newborn hearing screening program using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) in 1998. During 2003-2013, there were four major phases of implementation and promotion of universal newborn hearing screening program (UNHS) in Taiwan initiated by the government’s Bureau of Health Promotion. These included (1) establishment of “2004 Taiwan Guidance of Newborn Hearing Screening Program” ; (2) completion of “2008 Taiwan Consensus Statement on Newborn Hearing Screening”; (3) implementation of national government-funded UNHS program in 2012; (4)“2014 Taiwan UNHS revised guidelines”. In summary ...


Where Do We Go From Here? The Need For Genetic Referrals In Patients Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: Findings From A Regional Survey, Tyson S. Barrett, Amanda Wylie, Beth Vogel, Kunal Sanghavi, Melissa Raspa, Kathryn P. Aveni, Kathryn Tullis, Michele Caggana, Karl R. White, Joann Bodurtha 2018 Utah State University

Where Do We Go From Here? The Need For Genetic Referrals In Patients Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing: Findings From A Regional Survey, Tyson S. Barrett, Amanda Wylie, Beth Vogel, Kunal Sanghavi, Melissa Raspa, Kathryn P. Aveni, Kathryn Tullis, Michele Caggana, Karl R. White, Joann Bodurtha

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess primary health care providers’ knowledge and use of genetic services for children whose hearing screening indicates they may be deaf/hard of hearing (D/HH) and identify areas in which health care providers can be supported to increase family education and referral of families for genetic consultation.

Methodology: A survey was developed on current practices, knowledge, and perceived beliefs regarding genetic education and referrals for deafness. The surveys were distributed to pediatricians, family medicine physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants in DC, DE, MD, NJ, NY, PA, VA, and WV.

Results ...


Identification Of Oral Clefts As A Risk Factor For Hearing Loss During Newborn Hearing Screening, Patricia L. Purcell, Kathleen CY Sie, Todd C. Edwards, Debra Lochner Doyle, Karin Neidt 2018 University of Washington

Identification Of Oral Clefts As A Risk Factor For Hearing Loss During Newborn Hearing Screening, Patricia L. Purcell, Kathleen Cy Sie, Todd C. Edwards, Debra Lochner Doyle, Karin Neidt

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: This study assessed whether children with oral clefts are appropriately classified as at-risk for hearing loss at the time of newborn hearing screening and describes their screening and diagnostic results.

Design: Birth certificates were used to identify children with cleft lip and palate or isolated cleft palate born in Washington State from 2008–2013. These were cross-referenced with the state’s Early Hearing Detection, Diagnosis and Intervention (EHDDI) database. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine associations.

Results: Birth records identified 235 children with cleft lip and palate and 116 with isolated cleft palate. Six children were listed as ...


Factors Related To Successful Implementation Of An Aac Device For An Individual With Autism, Michaela Worms 2018 Minnesota State University, Moorhead

Factors Related To Successful Implementation Of An Aac Device For An Individual With Autism, Michaela Worms

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

Communication impairment is a defining characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013); therefore, the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) has become an essential part of language intervention for children with autism that experience significant difficulties with communication (Flores et al., 2012). Assessing children’s preferences for AAC options may be important with respect to AAC abandonment, which is a problem in the AAC field (Johnson, Inglebret, Jones, & Ray, 2006). This single-subject study identified factors related to successful implementation, acquisition, and usage of an AAC system. The clinician collected baseline data on the client’s spontaneous ...


Sensorimotor Modulations By Cognitive Processes During Accurate Speech Discrimination: An Eeg Investigation Of Dorsal Stream Processing, David E. Jenson 2018 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Sensorimotor Modulations By Cognitive Processes During Accurate Speech Discrimination: An Eeg Investigation Of Dorsal Stream Processing, David E. Jenson

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Internal models mediate the transmission of information between anterior and posterior regions of the dorsal stream in support of speech perception, though it remains unclear how this mechanism responds to cognitive processes in service of task demands. The purpose of the current study was to identify the influences of attention and working memory on sensorimotor activity across the dorsal stream during speech discrimination, with set size and signal clarity employed to modulate stimulus predictability and the time course of increased task demands, respectively. Independent Component Analysis of 64–channel EEG data identified bilateral sensorimotor mu and auditory alpha components from ...


Otologic Blast Injuries, Michelle Singer 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Otologic Blast Injuries, Michelle Singer

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The otologic system functions as a highly sensitive pressure transducer. Because of this, the ear is the most commonly affected organ in primary blast injury. Frequently encountered symptoms include hearing loss, tinnitus, and tympanic membrane perforations. The ear is repeatedly overlooked during triage and easily forgotten in subjects with multiple injuries after major catastrophic events such as explosions. This systematic review provides an overview of the most common otologic injuries observed after blast exposure in a variety of settings and populations. An analysis of 35 studies and an additional 23 reviews was performed in attempt to uncover patterns of otologic ...


Individual Differences In Stimulus Frequency Otoacoustic Emission Phase, Joshua J. Hajicek 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Individual Differences In Stimulus Frequency Otoacoustic Emission Phase, Joshua J. Hajicek

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are sounds that originate in the cochlea and are measured in the ear canal. OAEs provide a noninvasive tool for investigating cochlear mechanics. Stimulus-frequency OAEs (SFOAEs) are evoked by presenting a single frequency tone, called a probe tone, which have an advantage over other OAEs because they are the least influenced by cochlear nonlinearities. However, because the SFOAE are generated in the cochlea with the same frequency as the stimulus, additional techniques, such as the use of suppressor tones are needed to enable separation of the probe tone from the SFOAE.

The primary goal of this investigation ...


Associations Of The Medial Olivocochlear Reflex And Speech-In-Noise Abilities In Normal Hearing Adult Listeners: A Systematic Review, Imari J. Greaves 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Associations Of The Medial Olivocochlear Reflex And Speech-In-Noise Abilities In Normal Hearing Adult Listeners: A Systematic Review, Imari J. Greaves

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This systematic review analyzed the research concerning the medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) and speech-in-noise abilities in normal hearing adult listeners. In an attempt to understand the underlying difficulties in this population, the following research questions were proposed: 1) Does the research indicate that the magnitude of MOC suppression measured via OAEs is related to a normal hearing subject’s ability to recognize speech-in-noise? 2) Are MOC effects measured via OAEs lateralized? Is there a right ear advantage as suggested by Khalfa, Morlet, Micheyl, Morgon & Collet (1997)? Ten studies met the standards for inclusion for this review. Analysis of the research ...


Promoting Aphasia Awareness, Yvonne M. Faria, Fiona McNulty, Veronica C. Gonzalez, Peggy S. Conner 2018 CUNY Lehman College

Promoting Aphasia Awareness, Yvonne M. Faria, Fiona Mcnulty, Veronica C. Gonzalez, Peggy S. Conner

Publications and Research

The National Aphasia Association defines aphasia as an impairment of language, affecting the production or comprehension of speech and ability to write. This communication disorder is typically acquired after a brain injury resulting from an accident or stroke. Nearly 180,000 Americans acquire aphasia each year. Despite efforts to increase awareness about aphasia, via organizations such as the National Aphasia Association, general knowledge is still limited. In 2000 Elman and colleagues collected data on the number of news articles that mentioned the term “aphasia” and compared it to similar health conditions with comparable or lower prevalence rates. They found that ...


Undergraduate And Graduate Communication Sciences And Disorders Students’ Views: The Doctoral Pursuit, Danielle R. Osmelak 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

Undergraduate And Graduate Communication Sciences And Disorders Students’ Views: The Doctoral Pursuit, Danielle R. Osmelak

Scholar Week 2016 - present

There is a recognized shortage of Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD) professionals who hold a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in the field of CSD. The investigation into CSD students' views about pursuing a PhD is important to better understand and generate solutions to the PhD shortage. The purpose of this study was to explore CSD students' views in regards to pursuing a PhD and also investigate the relationship between CSD students' exposure to research and their views regarding the pursuit of a PhD. The quantitative study included undergraduate (n = 49) and graduate (n = 51) CSD students from 12 Midwestern ...


Undergraduate And Graduate Communication Sciences And Disorders Students’ Views: The Doctoral Pursuit, Danielle Osmelak 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

Undergraduate And Graduate Communication Sciences And Disorders Students’ Views: The Doctoral Pursuit, Danielle Osmelak

Scholar Week 2016 - present

There is a recognized shortage of Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD) professionals who hold a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in the field of CSD. The investigation into CSD students' views about pursuing a PhD is important to better understand and generate solutions to the PhD shortage. The purpose of this study was to explore CSD students' views in regards to pursuing a PhD and also investigate the relationship between CSD students' exposure to research and their views regarding the pursuit of a PhD. The quantitative study included undergraduate (n = 49) and graduate (n = 51) CSD students from 12 Midwestern ...


Effectiveness Of Literacy Intervention Provided By School-Based Slps: Roles & Impressions On Literacy Teams, Ashley Alvarado 2018 Minnesota State University, Moorhead

Effectiveness Of Literacy Intervention Provided By School-Based Slps: Roles & Impressions On Literacy Teams, Ashley Alvarado

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine how effective speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are meeting all areas of responsibility for literacy intervention. To meet this purpose, SLPs from Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota were surveyed. The survey examined SLP’s roles on literacy teams, areas of involvement, potential attitudes, impressions, and educational experiences of SLPs to explain why their role and opinions on involvement in literacy intervention may vary.


Azbio Sentence Accuracy For English As A Second Language Adults In Quiet And Background Noise, Alexandra Wiist 2018 Andrews University

Azbio Sentence Accuracy For English As A Second Language Adults In Quiet And Background Noise, Alexandra Wiist

Honors Theses

The objective of this study is to examine indications of a significant difference in listening ability between native English speakers and English as a Second Language (ESL) students in quiet and background noise specifically on the AZBIO Sentence test. Three Language groups were analyzed: Korean, Portuguese, and Spanish. AZBIO lists were used to assess ESL students' ability to repeat sentences. An analysis of errors was completed to determine variance and similarities between the four language groups. Native English speakers had no difficulty repeating sentences in either condition, ESL students' data suggested more difficulty in both quiet and background noise and ...


Efficacy Of A Three-Week Intervention Program For A School-Aged Children In The Areas Of Language, Literacy, Phonological Awareness, And Auditory Processing, Nicole Weis 2018 Andrews University

Efficacy Of A Three-Week Intervention Program For A School-Aged Children In The Areas Of Language, Literacy, Phonological Awareness, And Auditory Processing, Nicole Weis

Honors Theses

Research demonstrates that competency in the areas of language, phonological awareness, and auditory processing is vital to academic success in children, as well as in navigating adult life. The study's purpose is to measure the efficacy of an intensive, three-week summer camp therapy program for school-aged children in addressing these areas, and to identify areas of strength and weakness in the program and interventions implemented. Programs utilized during the summer camp included Visualizing and Verbalizing(TM), Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing(R), On Cloud Nine(R), Color My Conversation, Differential Processing Training Program(TM), as well as science experiments, and snack ...


The Impact Of Task-Specific Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (Tdcs) On Sustained Attention In A Healthy Population, Kasi Dawn Steele 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Impact Of Task-Specific Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (Tdcs) On Sustained Attention In A Healthy Population, Kasi Dawn Steele

LSU Master's Theses

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the impact of task-specific anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) administered over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (L-DLPFC) on sustained attention in healthy participants.

Methods: This study examined the effects of task-training and tDCS over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on sustained attention. Participants (n=13) completed four sessions consisting of either true-stimulation (2 mA for 10 minutes) or sham-stimulation (2 mA for 30 sec) in counterbalanced order. Participants completed one session every 7 to 10 days and were randomly assigned to one of two task-specific conditions in counterbalanced order. All sessions consisted of a 10-minute ...


Development Of An Audiologic Rehabilitation Program Model For Adult Patients Receiving Care At A Graduate Training Facility, Amanda McFadden 2018 Illinois State University

Development Of An Audiologic Rehabilitation Program Model For Adult Patients Receiving Care At A Graduate Training Facility, Amanda Mcfadden

AuD Capstone Projects - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Research has shown that untreated hearing loss can negatively impact a person’s quality of life. The average person with hearing loss waits seven years from the onset of symptoms to pursue hearing aids (Hall, 2014). To decrease the negative effects of hearing loss, hearing technology, by itself, is typically not enough support for even the best users (Kelly et al., 2013). To provide supplementary support for these patients, audiologic rehabilitation (AR) is required. Audiologic rehabilitation is the modern term used to classify treatments that were previously so- called “aural rehabilitation.” Per Boothroyd (2007), aural [audiologic] rehabilitation may be defined ...


Assessment For Mild Cognitive Impairment: Striving For Best Practice, Julie Leigh Dalmasso 2018 Western Michigan University

Assessment For Mild Cognitive Impairment: Striving For Best Practice, Julie Leigh Dalmasso

Dissertations

This dissertation is a series of three studies aimed at determining the best assessment practices for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) that can employed by speech-language pathologists (SLPs). The first study was non-experimental and descriptive examining whether three commonly used assessment instruments yielded similar categorical results. The data were analyzed to determine whether the Eight-Item Interview to Differentiate Aging and Dementia (AD8), the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Cognitive-Linguistic Quick Test (CLQT) identified the same participants from a neurotypical sample as having cognitive deficits. Very little agreement was found amongst the three tools.

Study two was modified to include two ...


The Dixit Method Of Language Sampling In Early Adolescence, Tanner Smith 2018 Western Kentucky University

The Dixit Method Of Language Sampling In Early Adolescence, Tanner Smith

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The current study examined two methods of language sampling (interview and the Dixit Method) in early adolescents with typical language development. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the two procedures in eliciting lexical diversity in spoken language samples in the early adolescent population. To examine lexical diversity, traditional methods of analysis (type token ratio, average type token ratio, and mean length of utterance) were applied. However, because literature historically alludes to flaws in these traditional methods, the researchers also applied an ecological approach to analysis of lexical diversity proposed by Scott Jarvis (2013). Student participants ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress