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Speech-Language Pathology Student Participation In Verbal Reflective Practice Groups: Perceptions Of Development, Value And Group Condition Differences., Gina D. Tillard, Kate Cook, Daniel Gerhard, Lydia Keast, Megan McAuliffe 2018 University of Canterbury

Speech-Language Pathology Student Participation In Verbal Reflective Practice Groups: Perceptions Of Development, Value And Group Condition Differences., Gina D. Tillard, Kate Cook, Daniel Gerhard, Lydia Keast, Megan Mcauliffe

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

The aim of this study was to determine whether significant differences in perceptions of reflective practice were present across two groups of students engaged in standard practice and experimental group conditions. Twenty-seven undergraduate speech-language pathology students participated in the study. A two-condition, non-randomised, pre-test post-test design was employed with two groups (a standard practice condition and an experimental practice condition, utilizing structured activities and prompts). Participants took part in weekly reflective practice groups over a six week period, in which discussion centered on students’ clinical experiences. Pre and post intervention, the students completed a questionnaire designed to examine perceptions of ...


Impact Of Virtual Simulation And Coaching On The Interpersonal Collaborative Communication Skills Of Speech-Language Pathology Students: A Pilot Study, Jacqueline A. Towson Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Matthew S. Taylor Ph.D., Jennifer Tucker PT, DPT, PCS, Claire Paul Ph.D., BCBA, Patrick Pabian PT, DPT, SCS, OCS, Richard I. Zraick Ph.D., CCC-SLP 2018 University of Central Florida

Impact Of Virtual Simulation And Coaching On The Interpersonal Collaborative Communication Skills Of Speech-Language Pathology Students: A Pilot Study, Jacqueline A. Towson Ph.D., Ccc-Slp, Matthew S. Taylor Ph.D., Jennifer Tucker Pt, Dpt, Pcs, Claire Paul Ph.D., Bcba, Patrick Pabian Pt, Dpt, Scs, Ocs, Richard I. Zraick Ph.D., Ccc-Slp

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

Communication between clinicians, teachers, and family members is a critical skill when addressing and providing for the individual needs of patients. However, graduate students in speech-language pathology (SLP) programs often have limited opportunities to practice these skills prior to or during externship placements. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of virtual-reality based rehearsal with coaching on the interpersonal collaborative communication skills of SLP graduate students when delivering information regarding a singular patient to different stakeholders. Three graduate students completing their third semester in a SLP program participated in the study. Each participant was provided a clinical ...


The Past, Present And Future Of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening In Taiwan, Lin Hung-Ching, Hsiu-Wen Chang, Wen-Hui Hsieh Wen-Hui Hsieh 2018 Mackay Medical College, Taipei, Taiwan

The Past, Present And Future Of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening In Taiwan, Lin Hung-Ching, Hsiu-Wen Chang, Wen-Hui Hsieh Wen-Hui Hsieh

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

In Taiwan, the Taipei Mackay Memorial Hospital, in collaboration with the Children’s Hearing Foundation, initiated a free newborn hearing screening program using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) in 1998. During 2003-2013, there were four major phases of implementation and promotion of universal newborn hearing screening program (UNHS) in Taiwan initiated by the government’s Bureau of Health Promotion. These included (1) establishment of “2004 Taiwan Guidance of Newborn Hearing Screening Program” ; (2) completion of “2008 Taiwan Consensus Statement on Newborn Hearing Screening”; (3) implementation of national government-funded UNHS program in 2012; (4)“2014 Taiwan UNHS revised guidelines”. In summary ...


Pediatric Hearing Device Management: Professional Practices For Monitoring Aided Audibility, Karen F. Munoz, Lauri Nelson, Kacy Herald 2018 Utah State University

Pediatric Hearing Device Management: Professional Practices For Monitoring Aided Audibility, Karen F. Munoz, Lauri Nelson, Kacy Herald

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore professional practices for monitoring aided audibility for children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH).

Design: A cross-sectional survey design was used to identify providers’ self-reported practice patterns for monitoring aided audibility for children who use hearing aids, cochlear implants, and bone-conduction hearing aids. Three surveys were used.

Study Sample: Practicing audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and deaf educators providing services to children birth to six years of age who use hearing technology were recruited to participate. A total of 184 surveys were included in the analysis (96 hearing aid; 47 cochlear ...


Factors Related To Successful Implementation Of An Aac Device For An Individual With Autism, Michaela Worms 2018 Minnesota State University, Moorhead

Factors Related To Successful Implementation Of An Aac Device For An Individual With Autism, Michaela Worms

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

Communication impairment is a defining characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013); therefore, the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) has become an essential part of language intervention for children with autism that experience significant difficulties with communication (Flores et al., 2012). Assessing children’s preferences for AAC options may be important with respect to AAC abandonment, which is a problem in the AAC field (Johnson, Inglebret, Jones, & Ray, 2006). This single-subject study identified factors related to successful implementation, acquisition, and usage of an AAC system. The clinician collected baseline data on the client’s spontaneous ...


Transition Of Care For The Young Adult With Cleft Palate: Stuck Between Goodbye To The Pediatric Team And Hello To Adult-Centered Care, Linda Vallino, Brenda Louw 2018 Craniofacial Outcomes Research Laboratory Nemours/A.I. duPont Hospital for Children

Transition Of Care For The Young Adult With Cleft Palate: Stuck Between Goodbye To The Pediatric Team And Hello To Adult-Centered Care, Linda Vallino, Brenda Louw

ETSU Faculty Works

Participants will be able to:

  • Describe the characteristics and needs of young adults with CLP.
  • Discuss the model of transition of care for the young adult with CLP.
  • Extrapolate strategies that teams could use to improve the care of young adults with CLP.


A New Perspective On The Outcomes Of Children With Cleft Lip And Palate: Application Of The Icf-Cy, Brenda Louw 2018 East Tennessee State University

A New Perspective On The Outcomes Of Children With Cleft Lip And Palate: Application Of The Icf-Cy, Brenda Louw

ETSU Faculty Works

Learner Outcomes:

  • Acknowledge the application value of the ICF to individuals with CLP.
  • Integrate the ICF framework into the assessment of individuals with CLP.
  • Formulate intervention goals that go beyond speech production skills to include functional communication outcomes in a variety of life situations.
  • Include improvement and changes in communication participation in everyday functioning in assessment and progress reports.


The Efficacy Of Joint Attention Interventions On Play Skills In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review, Flinn Esselstyn, Emilie Hall, Alexandra Winkel 2018 The University of Vermont

The Efficacy Of Joint Attention Interventions On Play Skills In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review, Flinn Esselstyn, Emilie Hall, Alexandra Winkel

Communication Sciences and Disorders: Systematic Review Publications

Purpose:The aim of this study is to determine if joint attention interventions have an effect on general play skills in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) aged birth to five years.

Method: The reviewers examined various databases and selected research based on predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria. This included peer-reviewed research articles that assessed children with a formal diagnosis of ASD between the ages of birth to five years, examined joint attention interventions, included outcome measures related to play, and were published after the year 2000. The articles reviewed consisted of 581 participants. Research designs included primarily pre-post randomized clinical ...


Sensorimotor Modulations By Cognitive Processes During Accurate Speech Discrimination: An Eeg Investigation Of Dorsal Stream Processing, David E. Jenson 2018 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Sensorimotor Modulations By Cognitive Processes During Accurate Speech Discrimination: An Eeg Investigation Of Dorsal Stream Processing, David E. Jenson

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Internal models mediate the transmission of information between anterior and posterior regions of the dorsal stream in support of speech perception, though it remains unclear how this mechanism responds to cognitive processes in service of task demands. The purpose of the current study was to identify the influences of attention and working memory on sensorimotor activity across the dorsal stream during speech discrimination, with set size and signal clarity employed to modulate stimulus predictability and the time course of increased task demands, respectively. Independent Component Analysis of 64–channel EEG data identified bilateral sensorimotor mu and auditory alpha components from ...


Development Of Realistic Stimuli For The Evaluation Of Listening Effort Using Auditory Evoked Potentials, Christie Hoo Yee Leung 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Development Of Realistic Stimuli For The Evaluation Of Listening Effort Using Auditory Evoked Potentials, Christie Hoo Yee Leung

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Purpose – Listeners often report difficulty perceiving speech in background noise, such as when listening in a restaurant. A common complaint of difficulty perceiving speech in noisy restaurants leads to the development of the present study, where audio recordings of connected discourse mixed with restaurant noise at different signal-to-noise ratios were made to determine the effect of restaurant noise on listening effort. Listening effort has previously been examined with psychophysiological measures, a dual-task paradigm, and qualitative measures using a variety of auditory stimuli ranging from simple tonal stimuli to complex speech stimuli, such as consonant-vowel syllables, words, and full sentences, but ...


Noise Levels In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review, Esther Cohn 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Noise Levels In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Systematic Review, Esther Cohn

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Advisor: Carol A. Silverman, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate noise levels in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in order to see if they are in compliance with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) proposed standards. This investigation also aims to compare noise levels among various NICU conditions in order to best hospital conditions for noise reduction.

Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature utilizing various peer-reviewed databases through the City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate Center Library was conducted to identify relevant studies on noise levels in the ...


Audiometric Status, Self-Perception Of Hearing Disorders, And Noise Dose In Audio Post-Production Engineers, Laura M. Sinnott 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Audiometric Status, Self-Perception Of Hearing Disorders, And Noise Dose In Audio Post-Production Engineers, Laura M. Sinnott

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Numerous studies have assessed the risk of hearing injury for musicians and other sound professionals due to excessive sound exposure, however no studies have investigated whether audio post-production engineers have this same risk. This preliminary study first measured 23 participants’ hearing thresholds and prevalence of audiometric notches. Second, a questionnaire, the Questionnaire for Sound Professionals (QUSP), was designed and administered to determine whether correlations between audiometric status and self-perception of hearing loss and hearing disorders existed. Third, sound dosimetry measurements were conducted at film audio post-production studios to assess whether this population is at risk for permanent hearing loss due ...


Otologic Blast Injuries, Michelle Singer 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Otologic Blast Injuries, Michelle Singer

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The otologic system functions as a highly sensitive pressure transducer. Because of this, the ear is the most commonly affected organ in primary blast injury. Frequently encountered symptoms include hearing loss, tinnitus, and tympanic membrane perforations. The ear is repeatedly overlooked during triage and easily forgotten in subjects with multiple injuries after major catastrophic events such as explosions. This systematic review provides an overview of the most common otologic injuries observed after blast exposure in a variety of settings and populations. An analysis of 35 studies and an additional 23 reviews was performed in attempt to uncover patterns of otologic ...


Associations Of The Medial Olivocochlear Reflex And Speech-In-Noise Abilities In Normal Hearing Adult Listeners: A Systematic Review, Imari J. Greaves 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Associations Of The Medial Olivocochlear Reflex And Speech-In-Noise Abilities In Normal Hearing Adult Listeners: A Systematic Review, Imari J. Greaves

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This systematic review analyzed the research concerning the medial olivocochlear reflex (MOCR) and speech-in-noise abilities in normal hearing adult listeners. In an attempt to understand the underlying difficulties in this population, the following research questions were proposed: 1) Does the research indicate that the magnitude of MOC suppression measured via OAEs is related to a normal hearing subject’s ability to recognize speech-in-noise? 2) Are MOC effects measured via OAEs lateralized? Is there a right ear advantage as suggested by Khalfa, Morlet, Micheyl, Morgon & Collet (1997)? Ten studies met the standards for inclusion for this review. Analysis of the research ...


The Effect Of Hearing Aid Use On Cognition In Older Adults With Adult Onset Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review, Jona Cano 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Effect Of Hearing Aid Use On Cognition In Older Adults With Adult Onset Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review, Jona Cano

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The goal of this paper was to systematically review literature in order to investigate whether the use of amplification in the form of hearing aids by older adults positively impacts cognitive status. If the results of this review uncover a positive association between hearing-aid use and cognition, then hearing aids can be recommended as an intervention method for the mitigation of cognitive decline. The eight studies included in this paper were reviewed based on the research design and the cognitive outcome measures employed. Additionally, the secondary measures of health utilized by study investigators were also evaluated. Of the eight studies ...


Promoting Aphasia Awareness, Yvonne M. Faria, Fiona McNulty, Veronica C. Gonzalez, Peggy S. Conner 2018 CUNY Lehman College

Promoting Aphasia Awareness, Yvonne M. Faria, Fiona Mcnulty, Veronica C. Gonzalez, Peggy S. Conner

Publications and Research

The National Aphasia Association defines aphasia as an impairment of language, affecting the production or comprehension of speech and ability to write. This communication disorder is typically acquired after a brain injury resulting from an accident or stroke. Nearly 180,000 Americans acquire aphasia each year. Despite efforts to increase awareness about aphasia, via organizations such as the National Aphasia Association, general knowledge is still limited. In 2000 Elman and colleagues collected data on the number of news articles that mentioned the term “aphasia” and compared it to similar health conditions with comparable or lower prevalence rates. They found that ...


Undergraduate And Graduate Communication Sciences And Disorders Students’ Views: The Doctoral Pursuit, Danielle R. Osmelak 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

Undergraduate And Graduate Communication Sciences And Disorders Students’ Views: The Doctoral Pursuit, Danielle R. Osmelak

Scholar Week 2016 - present

There is a recognized shortage of Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD) professionals who hold a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in the field of CSD. The investigation into CSD students' views about pursuing a PhD is important to better understand and generate solutions to the PhD shortage. The purpose of this study was to explore CSD students' views in regards to pursuing a PhD and also investigate the relationship between CSD students' exposure to research and their views regarding the pursuit of a PhD. The quantitative study included undergraduate (n = 49) and graduate (n = 51) CSD students from 12 Midwestern ...


Bone Conduction Transmission And Head‐Shadow Effects For Unilateral Hearing Losses Fit With Transcranial Cic Hearing Aids, Marc A. Fagelson, Colleen Noe, Jennifer Blevins, Owen Murnane 2018 East Tennessee State University

Bone Conduction Transmission And Head‐Shadow Effects For Unilateral Hearing Losses Fit With Transcranial Cic Hearing Aids, Marc A. Fagelson, Colleen Noe, Jennifer Blevins, Owen Murnane

Owen D. Murnane

Bone conduction transmission and head‐shadow effects were determined with transcranial completely‐in‐the‐canal (TCCIC) CROS hearing aids. Five subjects with documented profound unilateral hearing loss and experience with traditional CROS/BICROS fittings (TCROS) were tested with a CIC hearing aid placed in their poorer ear. Peak SPL was measured at the tympanic membrane and ranged from 105–115 dB SPL at 2000 Hz. Pure‐tone crossover thresholds and functional gain tested at frequencies from 250–8000 Hz varied considerably more than the SPL measures. The pure‐tone results indicated that sensitivity in the better ear was moderately associated ...


Undergraduate And Graduate Communication Sciences And Disorders Students’ Views: The Doctoral Pursuit, Danielle Osmelak 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

Undergraduate And Graduate Communication Sciences And Disorders Students’ Views: The Doctoral Pursuit, Danielle Osmelak

Scholar Week 2016 - present

There is a recognized shortage of Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD) professionals who hold a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in the field of CSD. The investigation into CSD students' views about pursuing a PhD is important to better understand and generate solutions to the PhD shortage. The purpose of this study was to explore CSD students' views in regards to pursuing a PhD and also investigate the relationship between CSD students' exposure to research and their views regarding the pursuit of a PhD. The quantitative study included undergraduate (n = 49) and graduate (n = 51) CSD students from 12 Midwestern ...


Gap Discrimination And Speech Perception In Noise, Marc A. Fagelson 2018 East Tennessee State University

Gap Discrimination And Speech Perception In Noise, Marc A. Fagelson

Marc A. Fagelson

The relation between discrimination of silent gaps and speech‐in‐noise perception was measured in 20 normal‐hearing listeners using speech‐shaped noise as both the gap markers and the noise source for speech testing. In the gap discrimination experiment, subjects compared silent gaps marked by 60 dB SPL 250‐ms noise bursts to standards of either 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, or 200 ms. The gap results were most similar to those reported by Abel [S. M. Abel, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 52, 519–524 (1972)] as ΔT/T decreased non‐monotonically with increased gap length. In a second ...


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