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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2008

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Articles 14161 - 14190 of 14194

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

“Wine Labelling: Future Perspectives”, Luis González Vaqué, Sebastián Romero Melchor Dec 2007

“Wine Labelling: Future Perspectives”, Luis González Vaqué, Sebastián Romero Melchor

Luis González Vaqué

No abstract provided.


Phonetic Variability And Grammatical Knowledge: An Articulatory Study Of Korean Place Assimilation, Alexei Kochetov, Marianne Pouplier Dec 2007

Phonetic Variability And Grammatical Knowledge: An Articulatory Study Of Korean Place Assimilation, Alexei Kochetov, Marianne Pouplier

Alexei Kochetov

The study reported here uses articulatory data to investigate Korean place assimilation of coronal stops followed by labial or velar stops, both within words and across words. The results show that this place-assimilation process is highly variable, both within and across speakers, and is also sensitive to factors such as the place of articulation of the following consonant, the presence of a word boundary and, to some extent, speech rate. Gestures affected by the process are generally reduced categorically (deleted), while sporadic gradient reduction of gestures is also observed. We further compare the results for coronals to our previous findings ...


Crf1 Receptor Antagonists Attenuate Escalated Cocaine Self-Administration In Rats, Laura O'Dell Dec 2007

Crf1 Receptor Antagonists Attenuate Escalated Cocaine Self-Administration In Rats, Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.


Enhanced Vulnerability To The Rewarding Effects Of Nicotine During The Adolescent Period Of Development, Laura O'Dell Dec 2007

Enhanced Vulnerability To The Rewarding Effects Of Nicotine During The Adolescent Period Of Development, Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.


Cellular And Behavioral Interactions Of Gabapentin With Alcohol Dependence, Laura O'Dell Dec 2007

Cellular And Behavioral Interactions Of Gabapentin With Alcohol Dependence, Laura O'Dell

Laura Elena O'Dell

No abstract provided.


From Convenience To Hazard: A Short History Of The Emergence Of The Menstrual Activism Movement, 1971-1992, Chris Bobel Dec 2007

From Convenience To Hazard: A Short History Of The Emergence Of The Menstrual Activism Movement, 1971-1992, Chris Bobel

Chris Bobel

No abstract provided.


“Throw The Book At ‘Em”: Reading And Library Use In Juvenile Halls, Michele Gibney Dec 2007

“Throw The Book At ‘Em”: Reading And Library Use In Juvenile Halls, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

This paper investigates the role libraries play in American juvenile detention centers. An overview of facilities and services nation-wide is followed by survey results from three specific institutions: King County Youth Service Center in Washington, Contra Costa County Juvenile Hall in California, and Pima County Juvenile Detention Center in Arizona. The surveys were administered to minors at all three centers and faculty and probation staff at two. The literature review analysis and survey results reveal that reading habits and behavior of the majority of detained youth have benefited from having a library on-site which they can visit on a regular ...


Risk-Specific Search For Risk-Defusing Operators, Martina Wilke, Heike Haug, Joachim Funke Dec 2007

Risk-Specific Search For Risk-Defusing Operators, Martina Wilke, Heike Haug, Joachim Funke

Joachim Funke

According to the concept of “active risk-defusing behavior”, decision makers in risky situations look for additional actions that reduce risk and allow them to favor the more risky alternative. Our study demonstrates that risk-defusing behavior depends on the type of risk (normal, medium, catastrophic or global) as well as on the domain (health, economy or ecology). In total, 12 scenarios (four risk types from three risk domains each) were constructed. Using the interview techniques of active information search and thinking-aloud, 120 interviews about decision-making processes with these scenarios were conducted. They showed that the active search for different risk-defusing operators ...


Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani Dec 2007

Democracy Autocracy And Macroeconomic Performance In Pakistan, Nasir Iqbal, Sardar Javaid Iqbal Khan, Muhammad Irfan Chani

Muhammad Irfan Chani

Pakistan showed a healthy growth rate of 5.6 percent during the entire history and faced many ups and downs in economic growth due to dramatic changes in political regimes. The literature shows mixed results regarding the impact of autocracy or democracy on economic growth. The aggregate growth of the economy under autocracy remained better as compared to democratic period. Financial indicators show consistent path through out the history of Pakistan. Different trade policies are designed in different regime to run the external sector and the impact of each policy was different.


E-J. Mestmäcker: A Legal Theory Without Law (Book Review), Péter Cserne Dec 2007

E-J. Mestmäcker: A Legal Theory Without Law (Book Review), Péter Cserne

Péter Cserne

This is a book review of Ernst-Joachim Mestmäcker's A Legal Theory without Law: Ponser v. Hayek on Economic Analysis of Law (Tübingen: Mohr 2007)


Jog, Jogászat És Jogtudomány Hatása Weber Módszertani Nézeteire [The Impact Of Law, Lawyering, And Jurisprudence On Weber’S Methodological Views], Péter Cserne Dec 2007

Jog, Jogászat És Jogtudomány Hatása Weber Módszertani Nézeteire [The Impact Of Law, Lawyering, And Jurisprudence On Weber’S Methodological Views], Péter Cserne

Péter Cserne

Law and legal science have played a significant, but hitherto underestimated role in Weber's life, both professional and non-academic. Trained as a lawyer, he drew upon an existing vocabulary of legal scholarship and adapted from it, more or less implicitly a large number of conceptual and methodological tools for his sociological projects. The goal of this paper is to identify and evaluate these complex links between Weberian sociology and contemporary legal scholarship, with special emphasis on Jhering's and Jellinek's theories. (This paper is a significantly revised Hungarian version of my 2005 English language essay on Weber.)


Evaluation Of The Efl Materials Taught At Iranian High Schools, Ali Jahangard Dec 2007

Evaluation Of The Efl Materials Taught At Iranian High Schools, Ali Jahangard

Ali Jahangard

This article evaluates four EFL textbooks which have been prescribed for use in the Iranian high schools by the Ministry of Education. The merits and demerits of the textbooks are discussed in detail with reference to 13 common criterial features extracted from different materials evaluation checklists. The paper then gives some suggestions as to how to alleviate some of the shortcomings encountered in the textbooks.


The Soft Power And Persuasion Of Translations In The War On Terror: Words And Wisdom In The Transformation Of Legal Systems, Donald J. Kochan Dec 2007

The Soft Power And Persuasion Of Translations In The War On Terror: Words And Wisdom In The Transformation Of Legal Systems, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

The power of words is the power of persuasion. The exportation of the foundational legal principles that helped form the American republic can serve as instrumental "soft power" tools in the war on terror. Efforts promoting projects like the Arabic Book Program are important vehicles to cross-cultural and cross-lingual international relations. This Article argues that an arsenal of words can be as, or more, powerful than an arsenal of artillery. The West has much to offer, but the rest of the world needs to be able to read it without getting lost in translation. Providing linguistic access to the documents ...


Intergovernmental Organization Memberships: Examining Political Community And The Attributes Of International Organizations, Charles R. Boehmer, Timothy Nordstrom Dec 2007

Intergovernmental Organization Memberships: Examining Political Community And The Attributes Of International Organizations, Charles R. Boehmer, Timothy Nordstrom

Charles Boehmer

Why are states jointly members in certain intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) but not others? Despite the proliferation of IGOs and renewed interest in this topic, we lack systematic research to answer this question. Our theory of political community explains why dyads of states are likely to be common members in particular types of IGOs. We analyze and compare functionalist and Deutschian communitarian perspectives about IGO memberships. We test our theory using newly available data on IGO mandates and institutional structure, which allows us to make specific predictions about the types of IGO to which dyads become members. We show that dyads ...


Macroeconomic Implications Of Financialization, Peter Skott, Soon Ryoo Dec 2007

Macroeconomic Implications Of Financialization, Peter Skott, Soon Ryoo

Peter Skott

A growing literature suggests that 'financialization' may weaken the performance of non-financial corporations and constrain the growth of ag- gregate demand. This paper evaluates (some of) the claims that have been made using two alternative approaches (one derived from Skott (1981, 1988, 1989) and one from Lavoie and Godley (2001-2002)) and two differ- ent settings (a labor-constrained setting and a dual-economy setting). All models pay explicit attention to financial stock-flow relations. The results are insensitive to the precise specification of household saving behavior but depend critically on the labor market assumptions (labor-constrained vs dual) and the specification of the investment ...


Bem-Estar: Powerpoint, Sergio Da Silva Dec 2007

Bem-Estar: Powerpoint, Sergio Da Silva

Sergio Da Silva

No abstract provided.


Is The Brazilian Stockmarket Efficient?, Caio Guttler, Roberto Meurer, Sergio Da Silva Dec 2007

Is The Brazilian Stockmarket Efficient?, Caio Guttler, Roberto Meurer, Sergio Da Silva

Sergio Da Silva

Employing both cointegration analysis and a variety of Granger causality tests, we examine whether the Brazilian stockmarket is efficient in processing new information about public macroeconomic data (semi-strong efficiency). We find the stockmarket to be inefficient, which is in line with most results for other emerging markets.


Teoria Do Prospecto, Sergio Da Silva Dec 2007

Teoria Do Prospecto, Sergio Da Silva

Sergio Da Silva

No abstract provided.


Equilibrio Geral: Producao (Powerpoint), Sergio Da Silva Dec 2007

Equilibrio Geral: Producao (Powerpoint), Sergio Da Silva

Sergio Da Silva

No abstract provided.


Equilibrio Geral: Troca (Powerpoint), Sergio Da Silva Dec 2007

Equilibrio Geral: Troca (Powerpoint), Sergio Da Silva

Sergio Da Silva

No abstract provided.


Restricao Orcamentaria, Sergio Da Silva Dec 2007

Restricao Orcamentaria, Sergio Da Silva

Sergio Da Silva

No abstract provided.


What Would Vincent Do? Vincentian Higher Education And Poverty Reduction, Marco Tavanti, Craig Mousin Dec 2007

What Would Vincent Do? Vincentian Higher Education And Poverty Reduction, Marco Tavanti, Craig Mousin

Craig B. Mousin

The worldwide Vincentian major higher education institutions have best practices and pedagogical innovative strategies for linking their educational mission with poverty alleviation. This edited volume includes experiences from DePaul University, St. John;s University, Niagara University, Adamson University, Santa Isabelle University and All Hallows College.


Mega-Cases, Diversity, And The Elusive Goal Of Workplace Reform, Nancy Levit Dec 2007

Mega-Cases, Diversity, And The Elusive Goal Of Workplace Reform, Nancy Levit

Nancy Levit

Employment discrimination class action suits are part of a new wave of structural reform litigation. Like their predecessors - the school desegregation cases in the 1950s, the housing and voting inequalities cases in the 1960s, prison conditions suits in the 1970s, and environmental lawsuits since then - these are systemic challenges to major institutions affecting large segments of the public. This article explores the effectiveness of various employment discrimination remedies in reforming workplace cultures, promoting corporate accountability, and implementing real diversity.

Reviewing the architecture and aftermath of consent decrees in five major employment discrimination cases - the cases against Shoney's, Texaco, Home ...


Facebook: What The Heck Is It And Why Should I Care?, Robert A. Eckhart Dec 2007

Facebook: What The Heck Is It And Why Should I Care?, Robert A. Eckhart

Robert A. Eckhart

A simple explanation of the educational purposes of Facebook, especially as compared to using blogs from other providers/websites in class.


The Racialization Of Crime And Punishment: Criminal Justice, Color-Blind Racism, And The Political Economy Of The Prison Industrial Complex, Rose Brewer, Nancy Heitzeg Dec 2007

The Racialization Of Crime And Punishment: Criminal Justice, Color-Blind Racism, And The Political Economy Of The Prison Industrial Complex, Rose Brewer, Nancy Heitzeg

Nancy A. Heitzeg

The current explosion in criminalization and incarceration is unprecedented in size,
scope, and negative consequences—both direct and collateral—for communities of
color. These macro systems exist in relationality to the micro dynamics of living in the
midst of police scrutiny, economic marginalization, and political disenfranchisement.
Critical race theory is a guide for pedagogy and praxis in exploring the racist and classist
foundations of current micro and macro injustices. Using Supreme Court opinions
and the voices of political prisoner/prisoners of conscience as evidence of the dominant
text and the dissent, this article explores the following issues: the roots of ...


Measuring The Impact Of Change: A Case Study Exploring The Impact Of Integrating Non-Marc Metadata Production Into The Duties Of Traditional Catalogers, Marielle Veve, Melanie Feltner-Reichert Dec 2007

Measuring The Impact Of Change: A Case Study Exploring The Impact Of Integrating Non-Marc Metadata Production Into The Duties Of Traditional Catalogers, Marielle Veve, Melanie Feltner-Reichert

Marielle Veve


While there is a growing body of literature addressing metadata integration in technical services departments, the impact of this integration on catalogers has yet to be explored. The poster addresses this gap in the literature, measuring the impact of metadata integration on Technical Services team members at the University of Tennessee Libraries. In early 2007, the Digital Library Center of the University of Tennessee Libraries invited staff in the Technical Services Department to get involved in the creation of descriptive metadata for digitized archival collections. Volunteers were trained in a 12-hour workshop led by the Metadata Librarian, and then ...


Democracia, Presidencialismo Y Partidos Políticos En América Latina: Evaluando La "Difícil Combinación", Daniel Chasquetti Dec 2007

Democracia, Presidencialismo Y Partidos Políticos En América Latina: Evaluando La "Difícil Combinación", Daniel Chasquetti

Daniel Chasquetti

¿Qué son y qué papel han jugado las coaliciones de gobierno en América Latina durante las últimas dos décadas? ¿En qué se diferencian de los gobiernos de partido? ¿Qué resultado producen? ¿Qué elementos del sistema político las favorecen y cuáles las entorpecen? ¿Por qué pueden las coaliciones ser consideradas como estrategias óptimas para presidentes con minoría en el congreso? ¿Cuánto duran estos gobiernos y que factores determinan su ruptura? ¿Existe alguna relación entre la fragmentación partidaria y la estabilidad del proceso de gobierno? Éstas y otras preguntas encuentran respuesta en el libro Democracia, presidencialismo y partidos políticos en América Latina ...


Politics In The Public Sphere: The Power Of Tiny Publics In Classical Sociology, Gary Alan Fine, Elisabeth Brooke Harrington, Sandro Segre Dec 2007

Politics In The Public Sphere: The Power Of Tiny Publics In Classical Sociology, Gary Alan Fine, Elisabeth Brooke Harrington, Sandro Segre

Brooke Harrington

As Fine and Harrington [2004] have argued, the relationship between individuals and the social systems which they inhabit is shaped within face-to-face groups. Early work by Habermas and others on the development of the public sphere suggests that interactional arenas – salons, taverns, coffee houses, or other small group modalities – create arenas of discourse in which civil society is enacted and made concrete. However, this research has not led – as one might have expected – to the explicit theoretical attention by political sociologists to small groups and their political incarnation as “tiny publics.” In this article, we make the case for a ...


Call For Constructive Criticism [Letter To The Editor], Anthony Molaro Dec 2007

Call For Constructive Criticism [Letter To The Editor], Anthony Molaro

Anthony Molaro, PhD, MLIS

No abstract provided.


Space, Revolution And Resistance: Ordinary Places And Extraordinary Events In Caracas, Clara Irazabal Dec 2007

Space, Revolution And Resistance: Ordinary Places And Extraordinary Events In Caracas, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

As discussed in the introduction, many scholars have argued that public space is a prerequisite for the expression, representation, preservation and enhancement of democracy (Boudreau, 2000; Caldeira, 2000; Holston and Appadurai, 1999; Low, 2000; Sassen, 1996; Low and Smith, 2006). This has not been more true than in the capital cities of Latin America in recent decades, where political demonstrations have played a critical role in the demise of totalitarian regimes and the reestablishment of democracy. Caracas, capital city of Venezuela, is a prime example in that key urban spaces have been sites for popular demonstrations since Hugo Chavez became ...