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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 671

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Challenges For The U.S. Administration, William Wunderle, Gabriel Lajeunesse Dec 2008

Challenges For The U.S. Administration, William Wunderle, Gabriel Lajeunesse

William Wunderle

The U.S. administration of Barack Obama will inherit a host of challenges in the Middle East. Several early policy choices could place its Middle East policy on solid footing.


Challenges For The U.S. Administration: A Broader Middle East Strategy, Gabriel C. Lajeunesse, William Wunderle Dec 2008

Challenges For The U.S. Administration: A Broader Middle East Strategy, Gabriel C. Lajeunesse, William Wunderle

Gabriel C. Lajeunesse

The U.S. administration of Barack Obama will inherit a host of challenges in the Middle East. Several early policy choices could place its Middle East policy on solid footing:


Let's Not Pull Back On The Peace Corps, William G. Moseley Dec 2008

Let's Not Pull Back On The Peace Corps, William G. Moseley

William G Moseley

No abstract provided.


Policentralidad: Esencia De La Ciudad Plural, Fernando Carrión Mena Dec 2008

Policentralidad: Esencia De La Ciudad Plural, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Este segundo número de la Revista Centro-h está dirigido al tratamiento y debate de una pregunta crucial dentro del campo teórico y técnico de los centros históricos latinoamericanos: ¿La ciudad es unicentral o policentral?

Generalmente las corrientes conservacionistas plantean que las ciudades tienen un solo centro histórico y que éste nace en el momento y lugar fundacional de la ciudad; con lo cual, por un lado, la historia de la ciudad comienza y termina en la época colonial, congelándose en su origen, y por otro, concibiendo que los cambios urbanos se producen por “fuera” de la zona considerada histórica.

Esta ...


Conducting Ethnography In China, Leung-Sea, Lucia Siu Dec 2008

Conducting Ethnography In China, Leung-Sea, Lucia Siu

Prof. SIU Leung-sea, Lucia

Conducting ethnography in modern China can be highly fruitful, yet there are special-care items that seldom appear in methodology literature. Drawn from the author’s fieldwork in China’s futures markets in 2005, the first part of this paper discusses a list of practical items that ethnographers are likely to face: field access, the organizational culture of public and quasi-public institutions, obtaining trust, the scenarios of gifts and banquets, reliability of statistical data, politically sensitive areas, and personal safety.

The second part is a reflection on standpoint issues, namely Orientalism and nationalism. Ethnographers usually face tensions that arise from their ...


Généticisation Et Responsabilité: Les Habits Neufs De La Gouvernance Néolibérale (Uncorrected Proofs), Antoinette Rouvroy Dec 2008

Généticisation Et Responsabilité: Les Habits Neufs De La Gouvernance Néolibérale (Uncorrected Proofs), Antoinette Rouvroy

Antoinette Rouvroy

Loin du phantasme spectaculaire d’une “maléabilité” génétique de l’être humain, et nonobstant les discours grandiloquants qui ont accompagné la très coûteuse exploration du génome humain, la “nouvelle génétique humaine” ne révèle ni ne porte atteinte à l’essence de l’être humain (encore faudrait-il qu’une telle essence puisse jamais être définie), mais révolutionne notre perception des causes des smilitudes et variations au sein de l’espèce humaine. Le néologisme ‘généticisation’ désigne la contamination progressive des discours sociétaux (médicaux, juridiques, politiques, sociologiques,...) par une logique réductionniste et essentialiste faisant des gènes la cause privilégiée sinon exclusive des variations ...


Neogeographies, Cathy Moulder Dec 2008

Neogeographies, Cathy Moulder

Cathy Moulder

‘Neogeographies’ are Web 2.0 applications using geographic information. This session will show a few examples of this type of web-based tool but will focus mostly on Google Earth. Cathy Moulder has done some research specifically on Google Earth and its application to student assignments in higher education. This particular neogeography offers considerable potential for incorporation into student assignments in many disciplines.


Optimization Of Check Dams Through The Application Of Advanced Technologies, Praveen Jha Dr Dec 2008

Optimization Of Check Dams Through The Application Of Advanced Technologies, Praveen Jha Dr

Praveen Jha Dr

Scientific planning for conserving water and while minimizing the financial resources requirement for its implementation could be done through application of advanced technological programs developed by the author. Three state-of-art geo-spatial programs - Multi-Algorithm Automation Program (MAAP), Water Analysis Program (WAP) and Check Dam Optimization Program (CDOP) - would be used. MAAP produces land use land cover (lulc) map primarily by undertaking Digital Image Processing (DIP) of satellite data in an automated fashion using Artificial Intelligence (AI). WAP, a hydrology modeling program, would be used to generate information related to watershed, water flow, water accumulation etc. CDOP, coupled with MAAP and WAP ...


Rousseau's Concept Of The General Will: Myth Or Reality, Ozy B. Orluwene Jp Dec 2008

Rousseau's Concept Of The General Will: Myth Or Reality, Ozy B. Orluwene Jp

Dr Ozy B.Orluwene,JP

Abstract The major objective of this paper is to holistically examine Jean Jacques Rousseau’s concept of General will. The thesis of the paper posits that the natural needs of man cannot be satisfied by society, but rather society increases misery.


Ethnicity And Public Service In Nigeria, Ozy B. Orluwene Jp Dec 2008

Ethnicity And Public Service In Nigeria, Ozy B. Orluwene Jp

Dr Ozy B.Orluwene,JP

ABSTRACT This paper essentially examines the concept of ethnicity and public service in Nigeria. It posits that because of the monstrous proportion ethnicity assumed in Nigeria, it has remained a central turning point in the nation’s history. Its impact has further exacerbated problems of growth and development of Nigerian Public service and organizations.


Bounded Rationality And Complexity In Individual Decision Problems, Theodoros Diasakos Dec 2008

Bounded Rationality And Complexity In Individual Decision Problems, Theodoros Diasakos

Theodoros M. Diasakos

No abstract provided.


De Lo Épico A Lo Cotidiano: Jóvenes Y Generaciones Políticas En Chile / From The Epic To The Everyday: Youth And Political Generations In Chile, Sergio Y. Toro Dec 2008

De Lo Épico A Lo Cotidiano: Jóvenes Y Generaciones Políticas En Chile / From The Epic To The Everyday: Youth And Political Generations In Chile, Sergio Y. Toro

Sergio Y. Toro

Although the evidence in Chile shows that youth is an important variable for explaining levels of political engagement, electoral participation and social changes, this paper proposes a new generational category that could be adopted in future studies: The post-plebiscite political generation. Working with LAPOP data, this article seeks a new approach to analyzing the divide between youth and adults, showing that, although there are important differences between both groups, there are also significant contrasts between those who participated in the 1988 plebiscite and those who did not.


The Growing Inter-Ethnic Conflicts In Contemporary Nigeria: Is Ethnic Security Dilemma A Root Cause?, Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji Dec 2008

The Growing Inter-Ethnic Conflicts In Contemporary Nigeria: Is Ethnic Security Dilemma A Root Cause?, Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji

Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji

Nigeria is ethnically a diverse nation-state. Its ethnic diversity, like that of the United State of America ideally is a source of strength. However on the contrary, analysis of post independence inter-ethnic relations in Nigeria indicates surge from ‘ethnic accommodation to ethnic agitation’. Consequently, due to frequent inter-ethnic conflict, the task ‘to keep Nigeria one’ is therefore more than ever becoming an uphill task. This article explores the root causes of the growing inter-ethnic conflicts in contemporary Nigeria from the perspective of the ethnic security dilemma prism and concludes that it is a relevant explanatory tool for understanding it.


When Does Legal Origin Matter?, Mohammad Amin, Priya Ranjan Dec 2008

When Does Legal Origin Matter?, Mohammad Amin, Priya Ranjan

Mohammad Amin

This paper takes another look at the extent of business regulation in civil law versus common law countries. In contrast to existing studies that find a heavier role of government in the civil law countries, we show that this holds only for a subset of civil and common law countries that have well developed political institutions but not otherwise. In short, it is the interaction between legal origin and the quality of political institutions and not legal origin alone that can explain differences in the level of regulation across countries. For example, focusing on entry regulations, our results show that ...


¿Renovación O Continuismo? Actitudes, Valores Y Trayectoria De La Clase Política Ecuatoriana, Flavia Freidenberg Dec 2008

¿Renovación O Continuismo? Actitudes, Valores Y Trayectoria De La Clase Política Ecuatoriana, Flavia Freidenberg

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Trabajo, Calidad De Vida Y Salud, José G. Salazar-Estrada, Mario Angel-González, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, Manuel Pando-Moreno Dec 2008

Trabajo, Calidad De Vida Y Salud, José G. Salazar-Estrada, Mario Angel-González, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez, Manuel Pando-Moreno

José G. Salazar Estrada

A transversal analytic study was carried out to compare quality of life (QOL) and general health (GH) in workers users of health centers in Guadalajara. The non-probabilistic sample included 261 adults: 110 wage earning workers and 151 unemployed. EuroQOL D-5 and the General Health Questionnaire were applied, and the diagnosis of diabetes was registered. Ji2 OR and F of Fisher were used, con SPSS 10.0, considering significant p<0.5. More men were found in the employed group versus the unemployed one (65% vs 17%) (p=0.00), resulting the mean ages 54 vs 56 years old respectively for the mentioned groups (0.00), which had no instruction level differences between them. There were more widowers in the out of work (11% vs 20%) (p=0.05) and highest frequency of diabetes was found in workers. QOL was higher in workers (73 vs 70 points) (p=0.02), and anxiety/depression were higher in unemployed (61% vs. 48%) (p=0.03), OR 1.72 (1.02- 2.93). Workers qualified better in GH (73% vs 49%); OR 2.41 (1.37-4.27). The results suggest positive influence of work in the subjective assessment of welfare, despite physical illness.


Can The Threat Of Entry Reduce Competition?, Joshua S. Gans, Martin C. Byford Dec 2008

Can The Threat Of Entry Reduce Competition?, Joshua S. Gans, Martin C. Byford

Joshua S Gans

This paper is the first to provide a general context whereby potential entry can permanently reduce the intensity of competition in a market. All previous results found that potential entry would lead to lower prices and greater competition. Examining markets where entry occurs by the acquisition of access rights from existing incumbents, we demonstrate that, when competitive choices are strategic complements, a more efficient entrant may be unable to acquire those rights from a less efficient incumbent due to the accommodating behavior of efficient incumbents. Similarly, such accommodating behavior may deter efficient investment by an incumbent or mergers that would ...


Aspectos Legais Dos Mecanismos De Compartilhamento Monetário: Currency Board, União Monetária E Adoção De Moeda Estrangeira [Legal Aspects Of Currency-Sharing Mechanisms: Currency Board, Monetary Union, And Adoption Of A Foreign Currency], Jefferson Alvares Dec 2008

Aspectos Legais Dos Mecanismos De Compartilhamento Monetário: Currency Board, União Monetária E Adoção De Moeda Estrangeira [Legal Aspects Of Currency-Sharing Mechanisms: Currency Board, Monetary Union, And Adoption Of A Foreign Currency], Jefferson Alvares

Jefferson Alvares

Aborda os aspectos jurídicos dos mecanismos que possibilitam a utilização de uma mesma moeda por mais de um Estado: o currency board, as uniões monetárias e a adoção de moeda estrangeira. Analisa as raízes sociais e jurídica da moeda; o papel da moeda na economia internacional, incluindo detalhes sobre os mecanismos de compartilhamento monetário; e as condições para a criação de uma área monetária unificada no Mercosul.

[The paper deals with the legal aspects of mechanisms that enable a single currency to be officially employed in two or more national economies: currency boards, monetary unions, and outright use of a ...


Illicit Financial Flows From Developing Countries: 2002-2006, Dev Kar, Devon Cartwright-Smith Dec 2008

Illicit Financial Flows From Developing Countries: 2002-2006, Dev Kar, Devon Cartwright-Smith

Dev Kar

No abstract provided.


Unraveling Judicial Restraint: Guns, Abortion, And The Faux Conservatism Of J. Harvie Wilkinson, Iii, Nelson Lund, David B. Kopel Dec 2008

Unraveling Judicial Restraint: Guns, Abortion, And The Faux Conservatism Of J. Harvie Wilkinson, Iii, Nelson Lund, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

Writing in the Virginia Law Review, a distinguished federal judge maintains that true conservatives are required to substitute principles of judicial restraint for an inquiry into the original meaning of the Constitution. Accordingly, argues J. Harvie Wilkinson, III, the Supreme Court's Second Amendment decision in District of Columbia v. Heller is an activist decision just like Roe v. Wade: "[B]oth cases found judicially enforceable substantive rights only ambiguously rooted in the Constitution's text." In this response, we challenge his critique.

Part I shows that Judge Wilkinson's analogy between Roe and Heller is untenable. The right of ...


Liga: Tiempo Y Espacio, Fernando Carrión Mena Dec 2008

Liga: Tiempo Y Espacio, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Nunca más cierto que ahora esas estrofas nacidas en la Universidad Central del Ecuador: “en el tiempo y en el espacio, tu nombre sonará…

El Ecuador ha esperado una centuria para que un equipo ecuatoriano de fútbol llegue a una final de un mundial de clubes. Para ello se necesitó romper con el determinismo geográfico que nos enclaustró en América del Sur: los torneos de clubes como las copas Sudamericana y Libertadores, y de selecciones con la Copa América y las eliminatorias a los mundiales fueron el ámbito de competencia. Este enclaustramiento se fracturó con las dos presencias de la ...


Centro Histórico: La Polisemia Del Espacio Público, Fernando Carrión Mena Dec 2008

Centro Histórico: La Polisemia Del Espacio Público, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El centro histórico es concebido como un espacio que abarca fenómenos diversos y que, en la actualidad, constituye una forma de comunicación e intercambio de información. Opera como un espacio simbiótico en donde confluyen percepciones distintas a partir de símbolos construidos en varias etapas de la historia. En el presente artículo se analiza el centro histórico a partir del espacio público, del color, de la nomenclatura y del arte público urbano.


Violencia Urbana: Un Asunto De Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena Dec 2008

Violencia Urbana: Un Asunto De Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

La ciudad es el espacio donde se desenvuelven múltiples acciones sociales y bajo la cual también se desarrollan variadas y nuevas formas de violencia. Este ha sido un tema importante en las dos últimas décadas, que se ha sumado a factores que afectan especialmente a Latinoamérica. Pese a eso no ha sido considerado como temática incorporada a las nuevas formas de vida urbana, por lo que requiere de políticas urbanas innovadoras que se relacionen directamente con la realidad. Se analiza la violencia enfocada en la causalidad tipos de violencia, la urbe como escenario de la violencia, los efectos producidos por ...


Violencia Urbana: Un Asunto De Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2008

Violencia Urbana: Un Asunto De Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Durante los últimos 20 años la violencia se ha convertido en uno de los temas más importantes de la ciudad latinoamericana, debido al cambio en sus formas (un grado mayor de violencia), a los impactos (sociales, econó- micos), al incremento de su magnitud (se duplica) y al aparecimiento de nuevos tipos (secuestro express, violencia en los estadios).

Las violencias se han extendido por todos los países y ciudades de la región con peculiaridades y ritmos propios provocando cambios: en la lógica del urbanismo (amurallamiento de la ciudad, nuevas formas de segregación residencial), en los comportamientos de la población (angustia, desamparo ...


Explorando El «Apartidismo» En México: ¿Apartidistas O Apolíticos? América Latina Hoy, Vol. 50, Diciembre-Sin Mes, 2008, Pp. 119-145, Benjamin Temkin, Sandra Solano, José Del Tronco Dec 2008

Explorando El «Apartidismo» En México: ¿Apartidistas O Apolíticos? América Latina Hoy, Vol. 50, Diciembre-Sin Mes, 2008, Pp. 119-145, Benjamin Temkin, Sandra Solano, José Del Tronco

benjamin (benny) temkin

En las últimas décadas, distintos estudios han identificado, especialmente en las democracias avanzadas, un proceso de debilitamiento de la lealtad partidista. Russell Dalton ha explicado este fenómeno a través del incremento de los niveles educativos y de la mayor capacidad de los ciudadanos para obtener información y participar en asuntos públicos de forma independiente a los partidos. Este trabajo analiza la pertinencia del modelo de Dalton para el caso mexicano, donde el proceso de modernización económica y apertura política es mucho más reciente. Los resultados muestran la utilidad del modelo, pero sugieren la necesidad de tomar en cuenta diversos factores ...


Career Development For Transition-Aged Youth With Emotional Disturbances: Exemplary Practices Of Florida Mental Health And Substance Abuse Agencies, Mason G. Haber, Troy Loker, Nicole Deschenes, Hewitt B. Clark Dec 2008

Career Development For Transition-Aged Youth With Emotional Disturbances: Exemplary Practices Of Florida Mental Health And Substance Abuse Agencies, Mason G. Haber, Troy Loker, Nicole Deschenes, Hewitt B. Clark

Mason G. Haber

Though an emerging literature on career development practices for transition-age youth with emotional disturbances (TAY w/ED) exists, this literature has not been systematically reviewed. In addition, efforts by publicly-funded sites in Florida to implement such programs have not been comprehensively described. The current project is designed to advance these aims to provide a basis for expanded implementation of career development programs for TAY w/ED in the state.


The State Of African Geography In The North American Academy, William G. Moseley, Kefa Otiso Dec 2008

The State Of African Geography In The North American Academy, William G. Moseley, Kefa Otiso

William G Moseley

The objective of this article is to examine trends in the production of Africa-related geography PhDs at US and Canadian universities.


The European Perspective And Experience In Promoting Regional Development, Robert C. Shelburne Nov 2008

The European Perspective And Experience In Promoting Regional Development, Robert C. Shelburne

Robert C. Shelburne

A presentation in Doha, Qatar at the UN Follow-up Conference on Financing for Development which provides a European perspective on the Doha and Monterrey documents regarding financing for development. The European approach to cooperation and integration is based upon a similar set of principles. New developmental issues that need more attention include remittances, climate change, and the implications of the financial crisis for the European development model and the design of the international monetary system.


Corso Di Analisi Delle Serie Storiche A.A 2008/2009- Laboratorio Di Stata: Lezione 1 - Operazioni Di Base (Formato Pdf), Carlo Drago Nov 2008

Corso Di Analisi Delle Serie Storiche A.A 2008/2009- Laboratorio Di Stata: Lezione 1 - Operazioni Di Base (Formato Pdf), Carlo Drago

Carlo Drago

No abstract provided.


Social Norm, Social Capital And The Sustainability Of Small Scale Economies, Ram Ranjan Nov 2008

Social Norm, Social Capital And The Sustainability Of Small Scale Economies, Ram Ranjan

Ram Ranjan

Social capital and social norms in agrarian settings encourage farmers to come together and sustainably manage their scarce common property resources, such as water. The role of social norms is crucial towards determining whether or not farmers are able to overcome the temptations of the market that place emphasis on immediate higher benefits at the cost of future sustainability and the risk of getting marginalized in a rural community. The capability to collectively co-manage resources is dependent upon the ability of the community to penalize the defectors. In this paper, the extent of punishment required to deter defection is derived ...