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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 678

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Automatic Reaction To A Chemical Event Detected By A Low-Cost Wireless Chemical Sensing Network, Stephen Beirne, King Tong Lau, Brian Corcoran, Dermot Diamond Dec 2008

Automatic Reaction To A Chemical Event Detected By A Low-Cost Wireless Chemical Sensing Network, Stephen Beirne, King Tong Lau, Brian Corcoran, Dermot Diamond

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

A test-scale wireless chemical sensor network (WCSN) has been deployed within a controlled Environmental Chamber (EC). The combined signals from the WCSN were used to initiate a controllable response to the detected chemical event. When a particular sensor response pattern was obtained, a purging cycle was initiated. Sensor data were continuously checked against user-defined action limits, to determine if a chemical event had occurred. An acidic contaminant was used to demonstrate the response of the sensor network. Once the acid plume was simultaneously detected by a number of wireless chemical sensor nodes, an automatic response action, which was the purging ...


The 4 X 4 Semantic Model: Exploiting Data, Functional, Non-Functional And Execution Semantics Across Business Process, Workflow, Partner Services And Middleware Services Tiers, Amit P. Sheth, Karthik Gomadam Dec 2008

The 4 X 4 Semantic Model: Exploiting Data, Functional, Non-Functional And Execution Semantics Across Business Process, Workflow, Partner Services And Middleware Services Tiers, Amit P. Sheth, Karthik Gomadam

Kno.e.sis Publications

Business processes in the global environment increasingly encompass multiple partners and complex, rapidly changing requirements. In this context it is critical that strategic business objectives align with and map accurately to systems that support flexible and dynamic business processes. To support the demanding requirements of global business processes, we propose a comprehensive, unifying 4 X 4 Semantic Model that uses Semantic Templates to link four tiers of implementation with four types of semantics. The four tiers are the Business Process Tier, the Workflow Enactment Tier, the Partner Services Tier, and the Middleware Services Tier. The four types of semantics are ...


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2008

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


S Corporation Distributions And Liquidations, Neil E. Harl Dec 2008

S Corporation Distributions And Liquidations, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The handling of distributions and liquidations in S corporations can be confusing at best and our article in the May 30, 2008 Agricultural Law Digest1 in retrospect did little to clarify the situation. The important point is that S corporation distributions are handled differently than S corporation liquidations.2


Index To Volume 19, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2008

Index To Volume 19, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Semantic Sensor Web, Amit P. Sheth, Cory Henson, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan Dec 2008

Semantic Sensor Web, Amit P. Sheth, Cory Henson, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan

Kno.e.sis Publications

No abstract provided.


Acre And Sure: Two New Commodity Programs Under The 2008 Farm Bill, William Edwards Dec 2008

Acre And Sure: Two New Commodity Programs Under The 2008 Farm Bill, William Edwards

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Federal disaster payments for areas that have suffered severe crop losses have been around for a long time. However, they have usually been implemented on an ad hoc basis each time widespread productions problems arose. The new farm bill changes this. In addition, producers of USDA program crops such as soybeans, wheat and com have the option to enroll in a new counter-cyclical revenue plan. It is being offered as an alternative to the price counter-cyclical payment option under the 2003 farm bill.


Grain, Oilseed, And Biofuel Outlook For 2009, Chad Hart Dec 2008

Grain, Oilseed, And Biofuel Outlook For 2009, Chad Hart

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The latest round of USDA updates to its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and Crop Production reports were updated on Oct. 28th. Corn acreage is now estimated at 85.9 million acres, with harvest expected on 78.2 million acres. Soybean area is estimated at 75.9 million acres planted and 74.4 million acres harvested. National yield estimates are 153.9 bushels per acre for corn and 39.5 bushels per acre for soybeans. Corn production is projected at 12.033 billion bushels, 39 million bushels below the September estimate. For soybeans, production is estimated at 2.938 ...


Factors That Determine The Cost Of Food, Chad Hart, John Lawrence Dec 2008

Factors That Determine The Cost Of Food, Chad Hart, John Lawrence

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Iowa has moved to the forefront amid the shift to biorenewable sources of energy. The state is currently the leading producer of ethanol and one of the top producers in wind energy As Iowa's leaders, entrepreneurs, policy makers and researchers look to accelerate development of the state's biorenewable resources, other impacts emerge. Today we are making choices about our economic, environmental, and social development as well as hurdling technical issues. The recent increase in the utilization of the state's biological bounty for feed, food, and fuel has affected the economic, environmental, and social dynamics of Iowa.


Food And Fuel: Enough Grain But Not Enough Processing, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., John D. Lawrence, Raj. Raman, Connie L. Hardy Dec 2008

Food And Fuel: Enough Grain But Not Enough Processing, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., John D. Lawrence, Raj. Raman, Connie L. Hardy

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The rapidly emerging renewable-energy industry has generated a lot of excitement in rural America. Ethanol plants, biodiesel refineries and wind farms are sprouting up across the Midwest as fast as investment bankers and pipe fitters will allow. The people who build and operate these renewable energy facilities are welcome additions to many rural communities. These renewable energy sources are land based. Farmers and rural communities are now as attuned to the Energy Bill as the Farm Bill.


Estimating Costs Of Crop Production In 2009, Michael Duffy Dec 2008

Estimating Costs Of Crop Production In 2009, Michael Duffy

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Estimating costs of production for 2009 will be extremely difficult. Some farmers have received forwarding pricing, some set a quantity only and still others will use the spot market. The price consequences of these decisions are substantial. Foreign competition for material, the current U.S. financial crises, the energy price situation and a host of other factors compound estimation problems for Iowa farmers. In these times it is easy to simply say it can't be done with any accuracy so why bother trying it.


Capturing Workflow Event Data For Monitoring, Performance Analysis, And Management Of Scientific Workflows, Matthew Valerio, Satya S. Sahoo, Roger Barga, Jared Jackson Dec 2008

Capturing Workflow Event Data For Monitoring, Performance Analysis, And Management Of Scientific Workflows, Matthew Valerio, Satya S. Sahoo, Roger Barga, Jared Jackson

Kno.e.sis Publications

To effectively support real-time monitoring and performance analysis of scientific workflow execution, varying levels of event data must be captured and made available to interested parties. This paper discusses the creation of an ontology-aware workflow monitoring system for use in the Trident system which utilizes a distributed publish/subscribe event model. The implementation of the publish/subscribe system is discussed and performance results are presented.


Indirect Gifts On Formation Of A Family Limited Partnership, Neil E. Harl Dec 2008

Indirect Gifts On Formation Of A Family Limited Partnership, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Although family limited partnerships are basically a variant (in form more than substance) of the limited partnership,1 and are generally subject to taxation under the Subchapter K of the Internal Revenue Code as partnerships,2 family limited partnerships have acquired a reputation stemming from a perception of tax avoidance and tax sheltering as well as hurried and often careless planning and formation rather than a reputation as a business organizational structure driven by genuine business-related motives and careful planning. Accordingly, the level of scrutiny by the Internal Revenue Service has appeared to be elevated simply by their name and ...


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2008

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


A Novel 154-Bp Deletion In The Human Mitochondrial Dna Control Region In Healthy Individuals, Doron M. Behar, Jason Blue-Smith, David F. Soria-Hernanz, Shay Tzur, Yarin Hadid, Concetta Bormans, Alexander Moen, Chris Tyler-Smith, Lluis Quintana-Murci, R. Spencer Wells, Theodore G. Schurr Dec 2008

A Novel 154-Bp Deletion In The Human Mitochondrial Dna Control Region In Healthy Individuals, Doron M. Behar, Jason Blue-Smith, David F. Soria-Hernanz, Shay Tzur, Yarin Hadid, Concetta Bormans, Alexander Moen, Chris Tyler-Smith, Lluis Quintana-Murci, R. Spencer Wells, Theodore G. Schurr

Department of Anthropology Papers

The biological role of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region in mtDNA replication remains unclear. In a worldwide survey of mtDNA variation in the general population, we have identified a novel large control region deletion spanning positions 16154 to 16307 (m.16154_16307del154). The population prevalence of this deletion is low, since it was only observed in 1 out of over 120,000 mtDNA genomes studied. The deletion is present in a nonheteroplasmic state, and was transmitted by a mother to her two sons with no apparent past or present disease conditions. The identification of this large deletion in healthy individuals ...


Arkansas Animal Science Department Report 2008, Zelpha B. Johnson, D. Wayne Kellogg Dec 2008

Arkansas Animal Science Department Report 2008, Zelpha B. Johnson, D. Wayne Kellogg

Research Series

No abstract provided.


Integrating Landscapes That Have Experienced Rural Depopulation And Ecological Homogenization Into Tropical Conservation Planning, Aerin L. Jacob, Ismael Vaccaro, Raja Sengupta, Joel N. Hartter, Colin A. Chapman Dec 2008

Integrating Landscapes That Have Experienced Rural Depopulation And Ecological Homogenization Into Tropical Conservation Planning, Aerin L. Jacob, Ismael Vaccaro, Raja Sengupta, Joel N. Hartter, Colin A. Chapman

Geography Scholarship

If current trends of declining fertility rates and increasing abandonment of rural land as a result of urbanization continue, this will signal a globally significant transformation with important consequences for policy makers interested in conservation planning. This transformation is presently evident in a number of countries and projections suggest it may occur in the future in many developing countries. We use rates of population growth and urbanization to project population trends in rural areas for 25 example countries. Our projections indicate a general decline in population density that has either occurred already (e.g., Mexico) or may occur in the ...


Individuals And Populations: How Biology's Theory And Data Have Interfered With The Integration Of Development And Evolution, David S. Moore Dec 2008

Individuals And Populations: How Biology's Theory And Data Have Interfered With The Integration Of Development And Evolution, David S. Moore

Pitzer Faculty Publications and Research

Research programs in quantitative behavior genetics and evolutionary psychology have contributed to the widespread belief that some psychological characteristics can be “inherited” via genetic mechanisms. In fact, molecular and developmental biologists have concluded that while genetic factors contribute to the development of all of our traits, non-genetic factors always do too, and in ways that make them no less important than genetic factors. This insight demands a reworking of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis, a theory that defined evolution as a process involving changes in the frequencies of genes in populations, and that envisioned no role for experiential factors now known ...


Integrating Development And Evolution In Psychology: Looking Back, Moving Forward, David S. Moore Dec 2008

Integrating Development And Evolution In Psychology: Looking Back, Moving Forward, David S. Moore

Pitzer Faculty Publications and Research

This work is the editorial for a special edition of New Ideas in Psychology titled Integrating Development and Evolution in Psychology.


Ncaa Division I Head Softball Coaches' Confidence, Openness And Stigma Tolerance Toward Sport Psychology Consultants, Laurie Ann Neelis Dec 2008

Ncaa Division I Head Softball Coaches' Confidence, Openness And Stigma Tolerance Toward Sport Psychology Consultants, Laurie Ann Neelis

Dissertations

This study used a mixed-method to look at NCAA division I head softball coaches confidence, openness, and stigma tolerance about sport psychology principles and consultants, as well as what sport psychology principles, time of year used, and what a Sport Psychology Consultant (SPC) can do to help division I head softball coaches have more success with their teams. These variables were measured through the use of the Sport Psychology Attitudes - Revised Coaches instrument developed by Zakrajsek and Zizzi (2007). For the qualitative component, the researcher developed five inquiries that allowed for a more in-depth response from the coaches concerning principles ...


Minerva 2008, The Honors College Dec 2008

Minerva 2008, The Honors College

Minerva

This issue of Minerva includes an article on the completion of the restoration of Colvin Hall; a reflection by Ruth Nadelhaft, former UMaine Honors program director; and an article on Honors alumnus and Nobel Peace Prize winner Bernard Lown and his 2008 Rezendes Visiting Scholar in Ethics Lecture/Distinguished Honors Graduate Lecture.


Growing Fields Of Interest: Using An Expand And Reduce Strategy For Domain Model Extraction, Christopher Thomas, Pankaj Mehra, Roger Brooks, Amit P. Sheth Dec 2008

Growing Fields Of Interest: Using An Expand And Reduce Strategy For Domain Model Extraction, Christopher Thomas, Pankaj Mehra, Roger Brooks, Amit P. Sheth

Kno.e.sis Publications

Domain hierarchies are widely used as models underlying information retrieval tasks. Formal ontologies and taxonomies enrich such hierarchies further with properties and relationships associated with concepts and categories but require manual effort; therefore they are costly to maintain, and often stale. Folksonomies and vocabularies lack rich category structure and are almost entirely devoid of properties and relationships. Classification and extraction require the coverage of vocabularies and the alterability of folksonomies and can largely benefit from category relationships and other properties. With Doozer, a program for building conceptual models of information domains, we want to bridge the gap between the vocabularies ...


Developmental Toxicity Testing: Protecting Future Generations?, Jarrod Bailey Dec 2008

Developmental Toxicity Testing: Protecting Future Generations?, Jarrod Bailey

Experimentation Collection

A recent editorial is discussed, which implied that animal-based developmental and reproductive toxicology tests will continue to be crucial, that the thalidomide disaster could have been prevented by more animal testing, and that tests on juvenile animals would help to protect children (as developing adults) from the adverse effects of pharmaceuticals. It is argued that animal tests in these scientific areas do not provide reliable data that are predictive for human responses and, even if they did, the tests are too expensive and time-consuming for application to the very large number of substances that need to be tested. It is ...


Reviewing Existing Knowledge Prior To Conducting Animal Studies, Andrew Knight Dec 2008

Reviewing Existing Knowledge Prior To Conducting Animal Studies, Andrew Knight

Experimentation Collection

Highly polarised viewpoints about animal experimentation have often prevented agreement. However, important common ground between advocates and opponents was demonstrated within a discussion forum hosted at www.research-methodology.org.uk in July–August 2008, by the independent charity, SABRE Research UK. Agreement existed that many animal studies have methodological flaws — such as inappropriate sample sizes, lack of randomised treatments, and unblinded outcome assessments — that may introduce bias and limit statistical validity. There was also agreement that systematic reviews of the human utility of animal models yield the highest quality of evidence, as their reliance on methodical and impartial methods to ...


Faecal-Centric Approaches To Wildlife Ecology And Conservation; Methods, Data And Ethics, C. T. Darimont, T. E. Reimchen, H. M. Bryan, P. C. Paquet Dec 2008

Faecal-Centric Approaches To Wildlife Ecology And Conservation; Methods, Data And Ethics, C. T. Darimont, T. E. Reimchen, H. M. Bryan, P. C. Paquet

Ethics and Conservation Biology Collection

Abundant and commonly encountered in the field, wildlife faeces have long attracted scientists. Recent advances in molecular techniques, however, especially when coupled with creative study designs, can now yield a great variety of high quality data. Herein, we review the opportunities and challenges of faecal-centric approaches to address ecological and conservation questions using wolves of coastal British Columbia, Canada, as a case system. We begin by discussing methodological considerations, which should have broad applicability to any wildlife study system. We then summarize the extensive and unique variety of data that has emerged from our ‘facts from faeces’ approach with wolves ...


An Analysis Of Illegal Bushmeat Availability In Local Restaurants Located In Voi, Kenya, Bridget A. Sutton Dec 2008

An Analysis Of Illegal Bushmeat Availability In Local Restaurants Located In Voi, Kenya, Bridget A. Sutton

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The illegal bushmeat harvest has been identified as a reason for declining wildlife populations throughout much of Africa. For many years the trade was thought to exist primarily in Western Africa. The illegal use of bushmeat in Eastern Africa, including Kenya, went undocumented and unstudied. In 2004, the Born Free Foundation published a study which claimed illegal sale of wild game was substantial in butcheries throughout Nairobi, Kenya. In an effort to determine other markets of the commercial trade, the goal of this study was to analyze local restaurants in Voi, Kenya for illegal bushmeat sale. The town of Voi ...


Welfare Changes From The U.S. Ethanol Tax Credit: The Role Of Uncertainty And Interlinked Commodity Markets, Mindy L. Baker Dec 2008

Welfare Changes From The U.S. Ethanol Tax Credit: The Role Of Uncertainty And Interlinked Commodity Markets, Mindy L. Baker

CARD Working Papers

A model of the corn, soybean, and wheat markets calculates welfare effects of the U.S. ethanol tax credit. Crop yields are uncertain, and demand consists of feed, food, energy, and exports. Modeling uncertainty in crop yields allows the valuation of deficiency payments as options. Disaggregating demand records who benefits from the tax credit and by how much; incorporating linked crop markets captures indirect effects important for determining the transfer from consumers to producers. There is $600 million in net welfare loss, increased taxpayer liability, and a large transfer from consumers to farmers. A brief comparison of recent literature is ...


How Does A Riverine Setting Affect The Lifestyle Of Shellmound Builders In Brazil?, Sabine Eggers, C. C. Petronilho, K. Brandt, C. Jericó-Daminello, J. Filippini, Karl Reinhard Dec 2008

How Does A Riverine Setting Affect The Lifestyle Of Shellmound Builders In Brazil?, Sabine Eggers, C. C. Petronilho, K. Brandt, C. Jericó-Daminello, J. Filippini, Karl Reinhard

Karl Reinhard Papers/Publications

The contact of inland and coastal prehistoric groups in Brazil is believed to have been restricted to regions with no geographical barrier, as is the case in the Ribeira de Iguape valley. The inland osteological collection from the riverine shellmound Moraes (5800–4500 BP) represents a unique opportunity to test this assumption for this region. Despite cultural similarities between riverine and coastal shellmounds, important ecological and site distribution differences are expected to impact on lifestyle. The purpose of this study is thus to document and interpret health and lifestyle indicators in Moraes in comparison to coastal shellmound groups. Specifically we ...


Sourwood: An Apiforestation Story, Tammy Horn Nov 2008

Sourwood: An Apiforestation Story, Tammy Horn

Tammy Horn

No abstract provided.


Melamine Contamination Of Infant Formula In China: The Causes, Food Safety Issues And Public Health Implications, Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa Nov 2008

Melamine Contamination Of Infant Formula In China: The Causes, Food Safety Issues And Public Health Implications, Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

Professor Emmanuel Ohene Afoakwa

No abstract provided.