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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Free Charge Carrier Properties In Two-Dimensional Materials And Monoclinic Oxides Studied By Optical Hall Effect, Sean Knight Aug 2020

Free Charge Carrier Properties In Two-Dimensional Materials And Monoclinic Oxides Studied By Optical Hall Effect, Sean Knight

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

In this dissertation, optical Hall effect (OHE) measurements are used to determine the free charge carrier properties of important two-dimensional materials and monoclinic oxides. Two-dimensional material systems have proven useful in high-frequency electronic devices due to their unique properties, such as high mobility, which arise from their two-dimensional nature. Monoclinic oxides exhibit many desirable characteristics, for example low-crystal symmetry which could lead to anisotropic carrier properties. Here, single-crystal monoclinic gallium oxide, an AlInN/GaN-based high-electron-mobility transistor (HEMT) structure, and epitaxial graphene are studied as examples. To characterize these material systems, the OHE measurement technique is employed. The OHE is a ...


Learning Assistant And Instructor Communication: Impacts On Perceived Efficacy, Jahangir Rassouli, Laura Ríos Jul 2020

Learning Assistant And Instructor Communication: Impacts On Perceived Efficacy, Jahangir Rassouli, Laura Ríos

Physics

The Learning Assistant (LA) Model was co-developed by Richard McCray and Valerie Otero at the University of Colorado Boulder in 2003. In this model, senior undergraduate students serve as facilitators for group discussion in lower-division courses, and employ evidenced-based practices for promoting inquiry and active learning [1]. Since its inception, the LA model has grown to various departments, disciplines, and universities.

At California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly), the LA program in the physics department is still in its early stages. As such, it is an environment rich for exploration into the affordances, limitations, and benefits of ...


Mechani-Kits Senior Design Project, Jake Utley, Sophie Carson, Vincent Seguin Jun 2020

Mechani-Kits Senior Design Project, Jake Utley, Sophie Carson, Vincent Seguin

Mechanical Engineering

Studies suggest that when designed and executed well, hands-on activities can enhance student understanding of key mechanics concepts. Current products are expensive and typically not designed to meet a variety of learning objectives. Through the Mechanics of Inclusion and Inclusivity in Mechanics grant, the Cal Poly Physics and Engineering Departments are seeking to incorporate new hands-on activities into their courses. Our team has designed three inexpensive ”MechaniKits” to be used in physics, statics and dynamics courses [1]. This Final Design Review outlines our findings, objectives, and final designs for this project. It also explains our manufacturing and design verification plans ...


Examining The Effect Of El Nino Phenomena And Pacific Sea Surface Temperature On The Climate Of The Glacierized White Mountains In Peru, Emily Reardon May 2020

Examining The Effect Of El Nino Phenomena And Pacific Sea Surface Temperature On The Climate Of The Glacierized White Mountains In Peru, Emily Reardon

Honors Program Theses and Projects

The purpose of this study is to determine if there is a correlation between the El Ni~no Southern Oscillation, sea surface temperatures (SST) and the climate of the Rio Santa Basin. This study is an important step in understanding the dynamics of the glaciers as a critical control on hydrological features in alpine Andes Valleys. Temperature and precipitation measurements pulled from ground based weather stations in the Rio Santa drainage basin were aggregated, synchronized, and correlated with the changes in the Pacific ocean SST o the coast of Peru and into the central Pacific. The expectation is that we ...


Demonstrating And Testing The Deutsch-Jozsa Quantum Algorithm Towards The Realization Of Quantum Computing At Bsu, John J. Gilmore Jr. May 2020

Demonstrating And Testing The Deutsch-Jozsa Quantum Algorithm Towards The Realization Of Quantum Computing At Bsu, John J. Gilmore Jr.

Honors Program Theses and Projects

The world is changing, and fast. Quantum computing and photonic engi-

neering are revolutionary new technologies that could change the way humans

interact with information; though the eld hasn't always been that way. As with

most new elds, proof of concept is needed to show that this new technology

isn't just hear to stay, but it's hear to take the lead. In this, nothing is more

important the the Deutsch-Jozsa Quantum algorithm; as it did just that.

The majority of this research paper revolves around understanding the very

essence of quantum computing. As the eld of quantum ...


The Effect Of Chirality On Dna Threading: Exploring Binuclear Ruthenium Lntercalators Using Optical Tweezers, Adam A. Jabak May 2020

The Effect Of Chirality On Dna Threading: Exploring Binuclear Ruthenium Lntercalators Using Optical Tweezers, Adam A. Jabak

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Using optical tweezers, we have been able to study the interactions of small molecules and prospective cancer drugs with DNA. One type of these molecules, known as threading intercalators, has a flat planar intercalating moiety in between the molecule’s bulky ancillary supporting ligands. In order to bind with DNA, they have to thread their bulky ancillary ligands in between the DNA base pairs. Due to this requirement for binding, these molecules tend to have high binding affinities and slow kinetics. In this thesis, we explore the binding properties of a ruthenium-based threading intercalator -[μ-bidppz(phen)4Ru2]4+, or -P ...


Image Processing Of Narrow Band Solar Eclipse Data Using Python And Maxim Dl, Rydia Hayes-Huer May 2020

Image Processing Of Narrow Band Solar Eclipse Data Using Python And Maxim Dl, Rydia Hayes-Huer

Honors Program Theses and Projects

On July 2, 2019, a total solar eclipse (TSE) was observable from Chile and Argentina. In Chile, I worked alongside the Solar Wind Sherpas, an international group led by Dr. Shadia Habbal from the University of Hawai'i Institute for Astronomy, to make observations of the solar corona and gather information about its elemental composition. Narrow band data were collected for Fe XI, Fe XIV, and Ar X. Data collected during TSE observations can be used to help solve two puzzles in solar physics: the coronal heating problem and the mechanisms responsible for the fast and slow solar winds. Narrow ...


Building A Light Current Voltage Characterization Setup For Pulsed Laser Diodes, Alec A. Milford May 2020

Building A Light Current Voltage Characterization Setup For Pulsed Laser Diodes, Alec A. Milford

Honors Program Theses and Projects

III-V laser dies are the main integrated light sources used in photonic integrated chips (PIC). Before incorporating these lasers in PICs, it is important to measure their performance and efficiency. The efficiency of these devices can be calculated from their light-current-voltage (L-I-V) characteristics. In this thesis, I will assemble the components of the probe station for the pulsed LIV setup, which are the pulse generator to drive the laser with current, temperature controller device to vary the laser’s operating temperature, and optical spectrum analyzer in order to characterize the laser’s emission wavelength. Initially this thesis was meant to ...


Measurements Of Fast Alpha Decays In The 100sn Region, Ian Connor Cox May 2020

Measurements Of Fast Alpha Decays In The 100sn Region, Ian Connor Cox

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Measurements Of Radio Pulse Reception With Stations Of The Ara Experiment Based On The Spicecore Pulser Data Set, Jesse Osborn, Ilya Kravchenko Dr. Apr 2020

Measurements Of Radio Pulse Reception With Stations Of The Ara Experiment Based On The Spicecore Pulser Data Set, Jesse Osborn, Ilya Kravchenko Dr.

UCARE Research Products

The Askaryan Radio Array Experiment located near the South Pole works to pinpoint specific instances of neutrinos from outside the solar system interacting with nucleons inside the Antarctic ice. Neutrinos are a subatomic particle that has nearly no mass and a net neutral charge. As they are, neutrinos tend not to interact with anything as they travel through space which means they can provide us with information about events occurring far from Earth that might not be easily attained through other methods. Neutrinos are known to be emitted from a myriad of sources, including the Sun, the interaction between cosmic ...


Size-Controlled Synthesis Of Nickel Nanoparticles Enclosed In Carbon Nanocages, Felicity Peebles, Grigorii Rudakov Apr 2020

Size-Controlled Synthesis Of Nickel Nanoparticles Enclosed In Carbon Nanocages, Felicity Peebles, Grigorii Rudakov

Undergraduate Arts and Research Showcase

We have demonstrated a simple, scalable, and tunable method of obtaining densely packed Ni Nanoparticles encapsulated in Carbon Nanocages (Ni@CNCs). Using a facile method, it was shown that via a simple annealing process of precursor based on nickel acetate and citric acid, Ni@CNCs with sizes varying from 5 to 20 nm can be synthesized by changing the heating ramp rate during the synthesis from 25 to 53 °C/min. The final temperature of 600 °C was held for 10 min, and was the same for all the samples. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) multiple peaks analysis was performed to show ...


Characterization Of Magma Storage And Dynamics At Akutan, Semisopochnoi, And Okmok Volcanoes From Analytical And Numerical Models Of Geodetic, Seismic, And Petrologic Data, Kimberly Degrandpre Apr 2020

Characterization Of Magma Storage And Dynamics At Akutan, Semisopochnoi, And Okmok Volcanoes From Analytical And Numerical Models Of Geodetic, Seismic, And Petrologic Data, Kimberly Degrandpre

Earth Sciences Theses and Dissertations

Volcanic eruptions can cause significant socioeconomic loss, but a better understanding of the processes and dynamics influencing the evolution of volcanic plumbing systems will advance the development of eruption forecasting models that will ultimately mitigate hazards and risks associated with eruptive events. Geologic and geophysical data must be integrated in 3D, finite- element, multiphysical, numerical models to define the coupled evolution of magmatic and crustal stress regimes in volcanic environments, but in data limited regions this is not always an option. The remote nature of the Aleutian Island Arc restricts ground-based monitoring and sampling efforts, and due to sparse temporal ...


Designing Writing Intensive Upper Division Laboratories In Physics, Sara Callori Feb 2020

Designing Writing Intensive Upper Division Laboratories In Physics, Sara Callori

Q2S Enhancing Pedagogy

California State University San Bernardino is currently transitioning from quarters to semesters, starting in Fall 2020. As part of this transition, the Department of Physics has transformed its curriculum to better suit the needs of its students. One major facet of this redesign has been the creation of two writing intensive, upper division laboratory courses. From a practical standpoint, under the revamped general education program, we are able to incorporate upper division writing into the major. More importantly, there are many benefits where having a writing-intensive major course aligns with program goals and professional organization recommendations. This includes designing activities ...


Edge-Coupling Of O-Band Inp Etched-Facet Lasers To Polymer Waveguides On Soi By Micro-Transfer-Printing, Ruggero Loi, Steven Kelleher, Raja Fazan Gul, Antonio Jose Trindade, David Gomez, Liam O'Faolain, Brian Corbett, Simone Iadanza, Brendan Roycroft, James O'Callaghan, Lei Liu, Kevin Thomas, Agnieszka Gocalinska, Emanuele Pelucchi, Alexander Farrell Feb 2020

Edge-Coupling Of O-Band Inp Etched-Facet Lasers To Polymer Waveguides On Soi By Micro-Transfer-Printing, Ruggero Loi, Steven Kelleher, Raja Fazan Gul, Antonio Jose Trindade, David Gomez, Liam O'Faolain, Brian Corbett, Simone Iadanza, Brendan Roycroft, James O'Callaghan, Lei Liu, Kevin Thomas, Agnieszka Gocalinska, Emanuele Pelucchi, Alexander Farrell

Cappa Publications

O-band InP etched facets lasers were heterogeneously integrated by micro-transfer-printing into a 1.54~\mu \text{m} deep recess created in the 3~\mu \text{m} thick oxide layer of a 220 nm SOI wafer. A 7\times 1.5\,\,\mu \text{m}^{2} cross-section, 2 mm long multimode polymer waveguide was aligned to the ridge post-integration by e-beam lithography with < 0.7~\mu \text{m} lateral misalignment and incorporated a tapered silicon waveguide. A 170 nm thick metal layer positioned at the bottom of the recess adjusts the vertical alignment of the laser and serves as a thermal via to sink the heat to the Si substrate. This strategy shows a roadmap for active polymer waveguide-based photonic integrated circuits.


Comparative Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Dopamine And Serotonin Interaction, Jose A. Guerrero Jan 2020

Comparative Experimental And Theoretical Study Of Dopamine And Serotonin Interaction, Jose A. Guerrero

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

To accurately identify and measure the concentrations of dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) in mixtures of these neurotransmitters without labeling, a comprehensive, comparative computational and Raman experimental analysis is provided. While the distinction between these two analytes may be accomplished for concentrations in the millimolar range of these mixtures, their accurate quantification remains unattainable. As shown for the first time in this study, potential creation of a new composite resulting from their interactions with each other could be a reason for this lack of quantification.

Although this new hydrogen-bonded complex greatly complicates future analyte differentiation and quantification at concentrations typical ...


Tell All The Truth But Tell It Slant: The Essential Role Of Metaphor In Constructing Physics, Theodora E. Zastrocky Jan 2020

Tell All The Truth But Tell It Slant: The Essential Role Of Metaphor In Constructing Physics, Theodora E. Zastrocky

All Regis University Theses

The common understanding of interdisciplinary work is that it is a partial merger of two related disciplines, such as history and philosophy or chemistry and biology. This understanding does not account for the interdisciplinary work possible between seemingly disparate disciplines, such as physics and poetry, and as a result this ignores the immense potential of true interdisciplinary study. Interdisciplinary work has the power to further research, better educate students, and redefine the script that dictates which people are allowed within certain disciplines, allowing for more diverse and inclusive fields of study. Zastrocky looks at metaphor in physics as a way ...


Electron Tunneling And X-Ray Photoelectron Spectoscopy Studies Of The Superconductiong Properties Of Nitrogen-Doped Niobium Resonator Cavities, Eric M. Lechner, Basu Dev Oli, Junki Makita, Gianluigi Ciovati, Alex Gurevich, Maria Iavarone Jan 2020

Electron Tunneling And X-Ray Photoelectron Spectoscopy Studies Of The Superconductiong Properties Of Nitrogen-Doped Niobium Resonator Cavities, Eric M. Lechner, Basu Dev Oli, Junki Makita, Gianluigi Ciovati, Alex Gurevich, Maria Iavarone

Physics Faculty Publications

We use scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to investigate the effect of nitrogen doping on the surface electronic and chemical structures of cutouts from superconducting Nb radio-frequency cavities. The goal of this work is to get insights into the fundamental physics and materials mechanisms behind the striking decrease of the surface resistance with the radio-frequency magnetic field, which has been observed on N-doped Nb cavities. Our XPS measurements reveal significantly more oxidized Nb 3d states and a thinner metallic suboxide layer on the N-doped Nb surfaces, which is also confirmed by tunneling spectroscopy ...


A Case Studies Approach To Teaching Introductory Physics, Gregory A. Dilisi, Alison Chaney*, Stella Mclean*, Richard Rarick Jan 2020

A Case Studies Approach To Teaching Introductory Physics, Gregory A. Dilisi, Alison Chaney*, Stella Mclean*, Richard Rarick

2020 Faculty Bibliography

No abstract provided.


Gold/Qds-Embedded-Ceria Nanoparticles: Optical Fluorescence Enhancement As A Quenching Sensor, Nader Shehata, Effat Samir, Ishac Kandas Jan 2020

Gold/Qds-Embedded-Ceria Nanoparticles: Optical Fluorescence Enhancement As A Quenching Sensor, Nader Shehata, Effat Samir, Ishac Kandas

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

This work focuses on improving the fluorescence intensity of cerium oxide (ceria) nanoparticles (NPs) through added plasmonic nanostructures. Ceria nanoparticles are fluorescent nanostructures which can emit visible fluorescence emissions under violet excitation. Here, we investigated different added plasmonic nanostructures, such as gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) and Cadmium sulfide/selenide quantum dots (CdS/CdSe QDs), to check the enhancement of fluorescence intensity emissions caused by ceria NPs. Different plasmonic resonances of both aforementioned nanostructures have been selected to develop optical coupling with both fluorescence excitation and emission wavelengths of ceria. In addition, different additions whether in-situ or post-synthesis have been investigated ...


How Planets And Moons Were Made, Paul G. Lewis Jan 2020

How Planets And Moons Were Made, Paul G. Lewis

Science and Mathematical Science

When scientists directed their investigations to the “tides,” meteorological as well as astronomical, they were entering upon that path which leads directly to the solution of how planets and their respective moons were formed. However, these investigations, even though thorough as far as carried on, were not extended beyond what I call the “standard” tide. The very next step forward opens the gateway wide into what has been classed a secret or mystery. All scientific researches and investigations seemed to have stopped at the very door of this fountain of knowledge in spite of the fact that no one could ...


Problems In Physics, Eben Norton Horsford Jan 2020

Problems In Physics, Eben Norton Horsford

Science and Mathematical Science

No abstract provided.


Tools For Physicistsl Creating A Major-Based Foundational Course, Carol Hood Jan 2020

Tools For Physicistsl Creating A Major-Based Foundational Course, Carol Hood

Q2S Enhancing Pedagogy

Pulling extensively from the recommendations from Phys21: Preparing Physics Students for 21st Century Careers1, a joint AAPT-APS committee report, we created a new semester course for all incoming physics majors, regardless of their math preparation. The Tools for Physicists course will attempt to set a foundation for what physicists do, why you would want to be one, and what you need to be successful.


Visual Storytelling Of Scientific Data: Collaborations Between Physics And Graphic Design In The College Classroom, Eric M. Edlund, Szilvia Kadas Jan 2020

Visual Storytelling Of Scientific Data: Collaborations Between Physics And Graphic Design In The College Classroom, Eric M. Edlund, Szilvia Kadas

The SUNY Journal of the Scholarship of Engagement: JoSE

The Common Problem Pedagogy (CPP) project, a learning initiative implemented in four SUNY schools, aims to provide students with multidisciplinary, project-based experiences, and to foster a culture of such pedagogy among faculty. This work describes one CPP project that was conducted at SUNY Cortland during the Spring 2019 semester that brought together students from physics and graphic design disciplines. The goal of this project was to identify issues of environmental and social concern, develop numerical models to represent the effects of possible policy actions, and to communicate the meaning of this work as infographics suitable for a non-expert, public audience ...


Constraints On Parton Distribution Functions Imposed By Hadronic Experiments, Boting Wang Dec 2019

Constraints On Parton Distribution Functions Imposed By Hadronic Experiments, Boting Wang

Physics Theses and Dissertations

The theoretical uncertainties of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) observables are decreasing with the increasing statistics of the LHC experiments, and it is becoming more and more important to reduce the uncertainties in the knowledge of the nucleon structure. The latest LHC high-energy experiments, future experimental proposals, and computational tools are expected to enhance the knowledge of the nucleon structure. However, the global analysis that assesses their impact on Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) knowledge is computationally expensive due to the corresponding large size of data. I developed a new approach that can make a quick preliminary evaluation to help the ...


Anomalous Stranski-Krastanov Growth Of (111)-Oriented Quantum Dots With Tunable Wetting Layer Thickness, Christopher F. Schuck, Simon K. Roy, Trent Garrett, Paul J. Simmonds Dec 2019

Anomalous Stranski-Krastanov Growth Of (111)-Oriented Quantum Dots With Tunable Wetting Layer Thickness, Christopher F. Schuck, Simon K. Roy, Trent Garrett, Paul J. Simmonds

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Driven by tensile strain, GaAs quantum dots (QDs) self-assemble on In0.52Al0.48As(111)A surfaces lattice-matched to InP substrates. In this study, we show that the tensile-strained self-assembly process for these GaAs(111)A QDs unexpectedly deviates from the well-known Stranski-Krastanov (SK) growth mode. Traditionally, QDs formed via the SK growth mode form on top of a flat wetting layer (WL) whose thickness is fixed. The inability to tune WL thickness has inhibited researchers’ attempts to fully control QD-WL interactions in these hybrid 0D-2D quantum systems. In contrast, using microscopy, spectroscopy, and computational modeling, we ...


9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Sep 2019

9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association

MD Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium Abstracts

The mission of the Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) is to provide a platform for talented postdoctoral fellows throughout the Texas Medical Center to present their work to a wider audience. The MD Anderson Postdoctoral Association convened its inaugural Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) on August 4, 2011.

The APSS provides a professional venue for postdoctoral scientists to develop, clarify, and refine their research as a result of formal reviews and critiques of faculty and other postdoctoral scientists. Additionally, attendees discuss current research on a broad range of subjects while promoting academic interactions and enrichment and developing new collaborations.


Ucna/Ucna+, Robert Pattie Aug 2019

Ucna/Ucna+, Robert Pattie

Robert W. Pattie Jr.

The neutron provides a simple yet dynamic nuclear system to study the Standard Model of Particle Physics. The process of transforming a neutron into a proton, an electron, and an anti-neutrino contains a wealth of information in the decay rate and the kinematics of the emitted particles. Precision measurements of angular correlations in neutron β-decay can lend insight to the structure of the weak interaction and probe for physics beyond the Standard Model. The UCNA experiment at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center is the only experiment to use ultracold neutrons to perform such a measurement, determining the β-asymmetry parameter ...


A Search For Boosted Low Mass Resonances Decaying To The Bb̅ Final State And Produced In Association With A Jet At √S = 13 Tev With The Atlas Detector, Matthew Feickert Aug 2019

A Search For Boosted Low Mass Resonances Decaying To The Bb̅ Final State And Produced In Association With A Jet At √S = 13 Tev With The Atlas Detector, Matthew Feickert

Physics Theses and Dissertations

A search in the high momentum regime for new resonances, produced in association with a jet, decaying into a pair of bottom quarks is presented using an integrated luminosity of 80.5 fb-1 of proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energy √s = 13 TeV recorded by the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The search was performed for low mass resonances, including the Standard Model Higgs boson and leptophobic Z' dark matter mediators, in the mass range of 100 GeV to 200 GeV. For the Standard Model Higgs boson, the observed signal strength is μH = 5.8 ± 3.1 (stat ...


Massive Elementary Particles In The Standard Model And Its Supersymmetric Triplet Higgs Extension, Keping Xie Aug 2019

Massive Elementary Particles In The Standard Model And Its Supersymmetric Triplet Higgs Extension, Keping Xie

Physics Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, we focus on massive elementary particles in the Standard Model and its supersymmetric triplet Higgs extension.

In the first part, we start with a review of electroweak (EW) sector in the Standard Model. Motivated by nonzero neutrino masses, we consider triplet scalars in addition to the Standard Model. The vacuum expectation values of scalar triplets are strongly constrained by the $\rho$ parameter, extracted from electroweak precision measurements. Therefore, we introduce a custodial symmetry to weaken this constraint and obtain the well-known Georgi-Machacek (GM) Model. The GM model still requires fine-tuning to satisfy the $\rho$ parameter constraint. It ...


Single-Neutron States In Titanium Isotopes, Jessica Nebel-Crosson Jul 2019

Single-Neutron States In Titanium Isotopes, Jessica Nebel-Crosson

Physics and Astronomy Summer Fellows

Current theory regarding the collective behavior of exotic nuclei systematically over-predicts the probabilities of exciting those collective states. The theory lacks any adjustable parameters, however, the model inputs are characteristics of single particle states which we are attempting to verify through neutron transfer into a 50Ti target.