Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Comparison Of Time-Domain Reflectometry Performance Factors For Several Dielectric Geometries: Theory And Experiments, S. V. Maheshwarla, R. Venkatasubramanian, Robert F. Boehm Aug 1995

Comparison Of Time-Domain Reflectometry Performance Factors For Several Dielectric Geometries: Theory And Experiments, S. V. Maheshwarla, R. Venkatasubramanian, Robert F. Boehm

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

We propose three nontraditional dielectric geometries and present an experimental and theoretical analysis and comparison of time domain reflectometry (TDR) performances for them. The traditional geometry (the probes inserted in material of essentially infinite extent) is compared to three nontraditional geometries where the probes are affixed outside of a core sample, inside of a bore, or flat on the surface of a semi-infinite solid. Our derivation relates the velocity of electromagnetic wave propagation to the complex permittivities and permeabilities of the media and the geometry for the three nontraditional configurations. Experimental results for air, styrofoam, dry sand, wet sand of ...


Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of C60, T. Liebsch, O. Plotzke, Franz Heiser, U. Hergenhahn, Oliver Hemmers, R. Wehlitz, J. Viefhaus, B. Langer, S. B. Whitfield, U. Becker Jul 1995

Angle-Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy Of C60, T. Liebsch, O. Plotzke, Franz Heiser, U. Hergenhahn, Oliver Hemmers, R. Wehlitz, J. Viefhaus, B. Langer, S. B. Whitfield, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Angle-resolved photoelectron spectra of gaseous C60 were recorded in the photon energy regions from 21 to 108 eV and from 295 to 320 eV. Partial cross sections σ and the angular distribution anisotropy parameter β vary significantly with photon energy, particularly in the near-threshold region of the valence and the core ionization regimes. Some of these effects may be attributed to scattering of the outgoing photoelectron by the atoms of the ionized C60 molecule. Our results indicate that the observed satellites of the C(1s) main line are most likely of shake-up character. Low-energy electrons emitted below the ...


Vibrational-State-Dependent Decay Of The Co C(1s) Excitation, N. Saito, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, A. Hempelmann, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker Jun 1995

Vibrational-State-Dependent Decay Of The Co C(1s) Excitation, N. Saito, Franz Heiser, Oliver Hemmers, A. Hempelmann, K. Wieliczek, J. Viefhaus, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Molecular ionization and ionic fragmentation of core excited CO valence and Rydberg states are studied by partial-ion-yield spectroscopy at vibrational resolution. The vibrational intensities of the Rydberg excitations differ significantly depending on the ionization and/or fragmentation channel. The observed intensity variations are explained by nondissociative excited final ionic states of the subsequent molecular Auger decay. The vibrational levels of these final states become selectively depopulated due to interaction with dissociative decay channels leading to ionic fragmentation.


Observation Of Parity-Unfavored Transitions In The Nonresonant Photoionization Of Argon, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker Feb 1995

Observation Of Parity-Unfavored Transitions In The Nonresonant Photoionization Of Argon, B. Langer, J. Viefhaus, Oliver Hemmers, A. Menzel, R. Wehlitz, U. Becker

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Single-photon ionization of an atom or molecule can be subdivided into parity-favored and -unfavored transitions, the latter characterized by electron emission, preferentially perpendicular to the electric vector. The nonresonant existence of these transitions is shown experimentally and studied over an extended energy range for a variety of satellite transitions in atomic argon. The spectra exhibit several clearly resolved satellite lines with strongly negative β values close to -1, independent of the photon energy. The results confirm the corresponding predictions of angular-momentum transfer theory.


Design And Performance Of The Advanced-Light-Source Double-Crystal Monochromator, G. Jones, S. Ryce, Dennis W. Lindle, B. A. Karlin, J. C. Woicik, Rupert C. Perera Feb 1995

Design And Performance Of The Advanced-Light-Source Double-Crystal Monochromator, G. Jones, S. Ryce, Dennis W. Lindle, B. A. Karlin, J. C. Woicik, Rupert C. Perera

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

A new “Cowan type” double-crystal monochromator, based on the boomerang design used at National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) beamline X-24A, has been developed for beamline 9.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS), a windowless ultrahigh vacuum beamline covering the 1-6 keV photon-energy range. Beamline 9.3.1 is designed to simultaneously achieve the goals of high energy resolution, high flux, and high brightness at the sample. The mechanical design of the monochromator has been simplified, and recent developments in technology have been included. Measured mechanical precision of the monochromator shows significant improvement over existing designs. In tests with ...


High-Brightness Beamline For X-Ray Spectroscopy At The Advanced Light Source, Rupert C. Perera, G. Jones, Dennis W. Lindle Feb 1995

High-Brightness Beamline For X-Ray Spectroscopy At The Advanced Light Source, Rupert C. Perera, G. Jones, Dennis W. Lindle

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Beamline 9.3.1 at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) is a windowless beamline, covering the 1-6 keV photon-energy range, designed to achieve the goals of high energy resolution, high flux, and high brightness at the sample. When completed later this year, it will be the first ALS monochromatic hard-x-ray beamline, and its brightness will be an order-of-magnitude higher than presently available in this energy range. In addition, it will provide flux and resolution comparable to any other beamline now in operation. To achieve these goals, two technical improvements, relative to existing x-ray beamlines, were incorporated. First, a somewhat novel ...