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Full-Text Articles in Physics

Obituary: Anthony Starace (1945-2019) Sep 2019

Obituary: Anthony Starace (1945-2019)

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Anthony Starace, George Holmes University Professor of physics, died Sept. 5 from complications related to pancreatitis. He was 74.

Starace was born July 24, 1945, in the Queens borough of New York City. He graduated from Stuyvesant High School and earned his bachelor’s degree from Columbia University in 1966 before moving west to the University of Chicago, where he earned his doctorate under adviser Ugo Fano in 1971. It was in Chicago that he met Katherine Fritz of Beatrice, Nebraska, his wife of 51 years.

Following a postdoctoral appointment at Imperial College London, Starace moved to Lincoln as an ...


Gamma-Ray Bursts Induced By Turbulent Reconnection, A. Lazarian, Bing Zhang, Siyao Xu Sep 2019

Gamma-Ray Bursts Induced By Turbulent Reconnection, A. Lazarian, Bing Zhang, Siyao Xu

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We revisit the Internal-Collision-induced MAgnetic Reconnection and Turbulence model of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) in view of the advances made in understanding of both relativistic magnetic turbulence and relativistic turbulent magnetic reconnection. We identify the kink instability as the most natural way of changing the magnetic configuration to release the magnetic free energy through magnetic reconnection, as well as driving turbulence that enables fast turbulent reconnection. We show that this double role of the kink instability is important for explaining the prompt emission of GRBs. Our study confirms the critical role that turbulence plays in boosting reconnection efficiency in GRBs and ...


Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew Aug 2019

Erratum: "Imaging The Three‐Dimensional Orientation And Rotational Mobility Of Fluorescent Emitters Using The Tri‐Spot Point Spread Function", Oumeng Zhang, Jin Lu, Tianben Ding, Matthew D. Lew

Electrical & Systems Engineering Publications and Presentations

In the original paper, a calibration error exists in the image-formation model used to analyze experimental images taken by our microscope, causing a bias in the orientation measurements in Figs. 2 and 3. The updated measurements are shown in Fig. E1. We have also updated the supplementary material for the original article to discuss the revised PSF model and estimation algorithms (supplementary material 2) and show the revised model and measurements (Figs. S1, S3, S7, S8, and S10–S13).


Picosecond Time-Resolved Dynamics Of Energy Transfer Between Gan And The Various Excited States Of Eu3+ Ions, Ruoqiao Wei, Brandon Mitchell, Dolf Timmerman, Tom Gregorkiewicz, Wanxin Zhu, Jun Tatebayashi, Shuhei Ichikawa, Yasufumi Fujiwara, Volkmar Dierolf Aug 2019

Picosecond Time-Resolved Dynamics Of Energy Transfer Between Gan And The Various Excited States Of Eu3+ Ions, Ruoqiao Wei, Brandon Mitchell, Dolf Timmerman, Tom Gregorkiewicz, Wanxin Zhu, Jun Tatebayashi, Shuhei Ichikawa, Yasufumi Fujiwara, Volkmar Dierolf

Physics

To elucidate the energy transfer and reexcitation processes in Eu-doped GaN layers that are used in recently developed, highly efficient red light-emitting diodes, a systematic series of photoluminescence and time-resolved photoluminescence (TR-PL) measurements was performed. Critical insights on how “slow” Eu processes (∼µs) can compete against fast semiconductor processes (∼ps) are revealed using TR-PL with a high temporal resolution, as it is found that the initial energy transfer from GaN to the Eu3+ ions takes place rapidly, on a timescale of <100 ps. Below band-gap resonant excitation was used to identify the states into which the energy transfer occurs. For the most efficient Eu defect complexes, this transfer dominantly occurs directly into the 5 D0 state of Eu3+. Less efficient complexes also exhibit transfer into the 5 D2 state, the emission of which can be detected using photoluminescence at low temperature, indicating the importance of the excitation pathway on device efficiency. Under high excitation intensity, reexcitation can also occur, leading to a redistribution of population into the 5 D2, 5 D1, or 5 D0 states.


Investigating Ions’ Effects On The Fluorescent Protein Dendra2, Benjamin Waterman Aug 2019

Investigating Ions’ Effects On The Fluorescent Protein Dendra2, Benjamin Waterman

Honors College

While superresolution microscopy has opened the doors to insights into biological phenomena we couldn’t have dreamed of in the last century, its methodology is naturally limited. We aim to push the envelope of its capabilities by testing the effect that Ca2+ and H+ ions have on the fluorescent protein Dendra2. Utilizing a newly designed perfusion chamber, we flow separate solutions containing Ca2+ and H+ ions into a cellular environment, in which the cells in question have been tagged with Dendra2. Utilizing the superresolution technique known as Spectral Fluorescence Photoactivation Localization Microscopy, we are able to obtain information about the ...


Laser Cooling With Adiabatic Transfer On A Raman Transition, Graham Greve, Baochen Wu, James K. Thompson Jul 2019

Laser Cooling With Adiabatic Transfer On A Raman Transition, Graham Greve, Baochen Wu, James K. Thompson

JILA Faculty Contributions

Sawtooth Wave Adiabatic Passage (SWAP) laser cooling was recently demonstrated using a narrow-linewidth single-photon optical transition in atomic strontium and may prove useful for cooling other atoms and molecules. However, many atoms and molecules lack the appropriate narrow optical transition. Here we use such an atom, 87Rb, to demonstrate that two-photon Raman transitions with arbitrarily-tunable linewidths can be used to achieve 1D SWAP cooling without significantly populating the intermediate excited state. Unlike SWAP cooling on a narrow transition, Raman SWAP cooling allows for a final 1D temperature well below the Doppler cooling limit (here, 25 times lower); and the ...


Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab Jul 2019

Using Forensics To Introduce Ir Spectroscopy & Molecular Modeling, Joe Golab

Faculty Publications & Research

A student activity is reported that analyzes “medical evidence” with experimental and computational methods. The lesson demonstrates benefits of solving practical problems with integrated tools.


Rotational Quenching Of Hd Induced By Collisions With H2 Molecules, Yier Wan, Nadulvalath Balakrishnan, B. H. Yang, R. C. Forrey, P. C. Stancil Jun 2019

Rotational Quenching Of Hd Induced By Collisions With H2 Molecules, Yier Wan, Nadulvalath Balakrishnan, B. H. Yang, R. C. Forrey, P. C. Stancil

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Rate coefficients for rotational transitions in HD induced by H2 impact for rotational levels of HD j ≤ 8 and temperatures 10 K ≤ T ≤ 5000 K are reported. The quantum mechanical close-coupling (CC) method and the coupled-states (CS) decoupling approximation are used to obtain the cross-sections employing the most recent highly accurate H2–H2 potential energy surface (PES). Our results are in good agreement with previous calculations for low-lying rotational transitions The cooling efficiency of HD compared with H2 and astrophysical applications are briefly discussed.


Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip Wiebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan May 2019

Performance Of Plastic Electron Optics Components Fabricated Using A 3d Printer, Phillip Wiebe, Peter Beierle, Hua-Chieh Shao, Bret Gergely, Anthony F. Starace, Herman Batelaan

Anthony F. Starace Publications

We show images produced by an electron beam deflector, a quadrupole lens and a einzel lens fabricated from conducting and non-conducting plastic using a 3D printer. Despite the difficulties associated with the use of plastics in vacuum, such as outgassing, poor conductivity, and print defects, the devices were used successfully in vacuum to steer, stretch and focus electron beams to millimeter diameters. Simulations indicate that much smaller focus spot sizes might be possible for such 3D-printed plastic electron lenses taking into account some possible surface defects. This work was motivated by our need to place electron optical components in difficult-to-access ...


Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace May 2019

Analytic Generalized Description Of A Perturbative Nonparaxial Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Phasor For Ultrashort Pulses In The Time Domain, Andrew Vikartofsky, Ethan C. Jahns, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytic expression for a polychromatic phasor representing an arbitrarily short elegant Laguerre-Gauss (eLG) laser pulse of any spot size and LG mode is presented in the time domain as a nonrecursive, closed-form perturbative expansion valid to any order of perturbative correction. This phasor enables the calculation of the complex electromagnetic fields for such beams without requiring the evaluation of any Fourier integrals. It is thus straightforward to implement in analytical or numerical applications involving eLG pulses.


Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace May 2019

Analytic Description Of High-Order Harmonic Generation In The Adiabatic Limit With Application To An Initial S State In An Intense Bicircular Laser Pulse, M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, A. A. Minina, A. A. Silaev, N. V. Vvedenskii, M. Yu. Ivanov, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

An analytic description of high-order harmonic generation (HHG) is proposed in the adiabatic (low-frequency) limit for an initial s state and a laser field having an arbitrary wave form. The approach is based on the two-state time-dependent effective range theory and is extended to the case of neutral atoms and positively charged ions by introducing ad hoc the Coulomb corrections for HHG. The resulting closed analytical form for the HHG amplitude is discussed in terms of real classical trajectories. The accuracy of the results of our analytic model is demonstrated by comparison with numerical solutions of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation ...


Free Electron Sources And Diffraction In Time, Eric R. Jones May 2019

Free Electron Sources And Diffraction In Time, Eric R. Jones

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

The quantum revolution of the last century advanced synergistically with technology, for example, with control of the temporal and spatial coherence, and the polarization state of light. Indeed, experimental confirmation of the quirks of quantum theory, as originally highlighted by Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen, through Bohm, and then Bell, have been performed with photons, i.e., electromagnetic wave packets prepared in the same quantum states. Experimental tests of quantum mechanics with matter wave packets have been limited due to challenges in preparing all of the packets with similar quantum states. While great strides have been made for trapped atoms and ...


Roadmap On Superoscillations, Michael Berry, Nicolay Zheludev, Yakir Aharonov, Fabrizio Colombo, Irene Sabadini, Daniele C. Struppa, Jeff Tollaksen, Edward T. F. Rogers, Fei Qin, Minghui Hong, Xiangang Luo, Roei Remez, Ady Arie, Jörg B. Götte, Mark R. Dennis, Alex M. H. Wong, George V. Eleftheriades, Yaniv Eliezer, Alon Bahabad, Gang Chen, Zhongquan Wen, Gaofeng Liang, Chenglong Hao, C-W Qiu, Achim Kempf, Eytan Katzav, Moshe Schwartz Apr 2019

Roadmap On Superoscillations, Michael Berry, Nicolay Zheludev, Yakir Aharonov, Fabrizio Colombo, Irene Sabadini, Daniele C. Struppa, Jeff Tollaksen, Edward T. F. Rogers, Fei Qin, Minghui Hong, Xiangang Luo, Roei Remez, Ady Arie, Jörg B. Götte, Mark R. Dennis, Alex M. H. Wong, George V. Eleftheriades, Yaniv Eliezer, Alon Bahabad, Gang Chen, Zhongquan Wen, Gaofeng Liang, Chenglong Hao, C-W Qiu, Achim Kempf, Eytan Katzav, Moshe Schwartz

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Superoscillations are band-limited functions with the counterintuitive property that they can vary arbitrarily faster than their fastest Fourier component, over arbitrarily long intervals. Modern studies originated in quantum theory, but there were anticipations in radar and optics. The mathematical understanding—still being explored—recognises that functions are extremely small where they superoscillate; this has implications for information theory. Applications to optical vortices, sub-wavelength microscopy and related areas of nanoscience are now moving from the theoretical and the demonstrative to the practical. This Roadmap surveys all these areas, providing background, current research, and anticipating future developments.


Testing Quantum Coherence In Stochastic Electrodynamics With Squeezed Schrödinger Cat States, Wayne Cheng-Wei Huang, Herman Batelaan Apr 2019

Testing Quantum Coherence In Stochastic Electrodynamics With Squeezed Schrödinger Cat States, Wayne Cheng-Wei Huang, Herman Batelaan

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

The interference pattern in electron double-slit diffraction is a hallmark of quantum mechanics. A long-standing question for stochastic electrodynamics (SED) is whether or not it is capable of reproducing such effects, as interference is a manifestation of quantum coherence. In this study, we used excited harmonic oscillators to directly test this quantum feature in SED. We used two counter-propagating dichromatic laser pulses to promote a ground-state harmonic oscillator to a squeezed Schrödinger cat state. Upon recombination of the two well-separated wavepackets, an interference pattern emerges in the quantum probability distribution but is absent in the SED probability distribution. We thus ...


Perturbative Generalization Of Nonparaxial Ultrashort Tightly-Focused Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Beams, Andrew M. Vikartofsky Apr 2019

Perturbative Generalization Of Nonparaxial Ultrashort Tightly-Focused Elegant Laguerre-Gaussian Beams, Andrew M. Vikartofsky

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research: Department of Physics and Astronomy

An analytical method for calculating the electromagnetic fields of a nonparaxial elegant Laguerre-Gaussian (eLG) vortex beam is presented for arbitrary pulse duration, spot size, and LG mode. This perturbative approach provides a numerically tractable model for the calculation of arbitrarily high radial and azimuthal LG modes in the nonparaxial regime, without requiring integral representations of the fields. A key feature of this perturbative model is its use of a Poisson-like frequency spectrum, which allows for the proper description of pulses of arbitrarily short duration. The time-domain representation of this model is presented as a non-recursive closed-form expression to any order ...


Violation Of Centrosymmetry In Time-Resolved Coherent X-Ray Diffraction From Rovibrational States Of Diatomic Molecules, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace Mar 2019

Violation Of Centrosymmetry In Time-Resolved Coherent X-Ray Diffraction From Rovibrational States Of Diatomic Molecules, Hua-Chieh Shao, Anthony F. Starace

Anthony F. Starace Publications

Owing to increasing applications of time-resolved coherent x-ray scattering for the investigation of molecular reaction dynamics, we develop a theoretical model for time-dependent x-ray diffraction from molecular and/or electronic motion in molecules. Our model shows that the violation of centrosymmetry (VOC) is a general phenomenon in time-resolved diffraction patterns. We employ our theoretical model to illustrate the VOC in time-resolved coherent x-ray diffraction from two oriented diatomic molecules undergoing rovibrational motion: lithium hydride (LiD) and hydrogen (HD). Our simulations show asymmetric x-ray diffraction images that reflect the directions of the molecular motions.


Kondo Signatures Of A Quantum Magnetic Impurity In Topological Superconductors, Rui Wang, Wei-Yi Su, Jian-Xin Zhu, Chin-Sen Ting, Hai Li, Changfeng Chen, Baigeng Wang, Xiaoqun Wang Mar 2019

Kondo Signatures Of A Quantum Magnetic Impurity In Topological Superconductors, Rui Wang, Wei-Yi Su, Jian-Xin Zhu, Chin-Sen Ting, Hai Li, Changfeng Chen, Baigeng Wang, Xiaoqun Wang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

We study the Kondo physics of a quantum magnetic impurity in two-dimensional topological superconductors (TSCs), either intrinsic or induced on the surface of a bulk topological insulator, using a numerical renormalization group technique. We show that, despite sharing the p+ip pairing symmetry, intrinsic and extrinsic TSCs host different physical processes that produce distinct Kondo signatures. Extrinsic TSCs harbor an unusual screening mechanism involving both electron and orbital degrees of freedom that produces rich and prominent Kondo phenomena, especially an intriguing pseudospin Kondo singlet state in the superconducting gap and a spatially anisotropic spin correlation. In sharp contrast, intrinsic TSCs ...


Constraints And Degrees Of Freedom In Lorentz-Violating Field Theories, Michael D. Seifert Feb 2019

Constraints And Degrees Of Freedom In Lorentz-Violating Field Theories, Michael D. Seifert

Physics, Astronomy and Geophysics Faculty Publications

Many current models which “violate Lorentz symmetry” do so via a vector or tensor field which takes on a vacuum expectation value, thereby spontaneously breaking the underlying Lorentz symmetry of the Lagrangian. To obtain a tensor field with this behavior, one can posit a smooth potential for this field, in which case it would be expected to lie near the minimum of its potential. Alternately, one can enforce a nonzero tensor value via a Lagrange multiplier. The present work explores the relationship between these two types of theories in the case of vector models. In particular, the naïve expectation that ...


Electronic Structure And 4 F-Electron Character In Ce2 Pdin8 Studied By Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy, Q. Yao, D. Kaczorowski, Przemyslaw Swatek, D. Gnida, C. H. P. Wen, X. H. Niu, R. Peng, H. C. Xu, P. Dudin, S. Kirchner, Q. Y. Chen, D. W. Shen, D. L. Feng Feb 2019

Electronic Structure And 4 F-Electron Character In Ce2 Pdin8 Studied By Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy, Q. Yao, D. Kaczorowski, Przemyslaw Swatek, D. Gnida, C. H. P. Wen, X. H. Niu, R. Peng, H. C. Xu, P. Dudin, S. Kirchner, Q. Y. Chen, D. W. Shen, D. L. Feng

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The localized-to-itinerant transition of f electrons lies at the heart of heavy-fermion physics, but has only been directly observed in single-layer Ce-based materials. Here, we report a comprehensive study on the electronic structure and nature of the Ce 4f electrons in the heavy-fermion superconductor Ce2PdIn8, a typical n=2 CenMmIn3n+2m compound, using high-resolution and 4d−4f resonant photoemission spectroscopies. The electronic structure of this material has been studied over a wide temperature range, and hybridization between f and conduction electrons can be clearly observed to form a Kondo resonance near the Fermi level at low temperatures. The characteristic temperature ...


On Loss Compensation, Amplification And Lasing In Metallic Metamaterials, Sotiris Droulias, Thomas Koschny, Maria Kafesaki, Costas M. Soukoulis Jan 2019

On Loss Compensation, Amplification And Lasing In Metallic Metamaterials, Sotiris Droulias, Thomas Koschny, Maria Kafesaki, Costas M. Soukoulis

Ames Laboratory Accepted Manuscripts

The design of metamaterials, which are artificial materials that can offer unique electromagnetic properties, is based on the excitation of strong resonant modes. Unfortunately, material absorption—mainly due to their metallic parts—can damp their resonances and hinder their operation. Incorporating a gain material can balance these losses, but this must be performed properly, as a reduced or even eliminated absorption does not guarantee loss compensation. Here we examine the possible regimes of interaction of a gain material with a passive metamaterial and show that background amplification and loss compensation are two extreme opposites, both of which can lead to ...


Noncollinear Spin Structure In Fe3+Xco3−Xti2 (X = 0, 2, 3) From Neutron Diffraction, Haohan Wang, Balamurugan Balamurugan, Rabindra Pahari, Ralph Skomski, Yaohua Liu, Ashfia Huq, D. J. Sellmyer, Xiaoshan Xu Jan 2019

Noncollinear Spin Structure In Fe3+Xco3−Xti2 (X = 0, 2, 3) From Neutron Diffraction, Haohan Wang, Balamurugan Balamurugan, Rabindra Pahari, Ralph Skomski, Yaohua Liu, Ashfia Huq, D. J. Sellmyer, Xiaoshan Xu

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Neutron powder diffraction has been used to investigate the spin structure of the hard-magnetic alloy Fe3+xCo3−xTi2 (x = 0, 2, 3). The materials are produced by rapid quenching from the melt, they possess a hexagonal crystal structure, and they are nanocrystalline with crystallite sizes D of the order of 40 nm. Projections of the magnetic moment onto both the crystalline c axis and the basal plane were observed. The corresponding misalignment angle exhibits a nonlinear decrease with x, which we explain as a micromagnetic effect caused by Fe-Co site disorder. The underlying physics is ...


Nonvolatile Voltage Controlled Molecular Spin State Switching, G. Hao, A. Mosey, X. Jiang, A. J. Yost, K. R. Sapkota, G. T. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, A. T. N'Diaye, R. Cheng, X. Xu, P. A. Dowben Jan 2019

Nonvolatile Voltage Controlled Molecular Spin State Switching, G. Hao, A. Mosey, X. Jiang, A. J. Yost, K. R. Sapkota, G. T. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, A. T. N'Diaye, R. Cheng, X. Xu, P. A. Dowben

Xiaoshan Xu Papers

Voltage-controlled room temperature isothermal reversible spin crossover switching of [Fe{H2B(pz)2}2(bipy)] thin films is demonstrated. This isothermal switching is evident in thin film bilayer structures where the molecular spin crossover film is adjacent to a molecular ferroelectric. The adjacent molecular ferroelectric, either polyvinylidene fluoride hexafluoropropylene or croconic acid (C5H2O5), appears to lock the spin crossover [Fe{H2B(pz)2}2(bipy)] molecular complex largely in the low or high spin state depending on the direction of ferroelectric polarization. In both a planar two terminal diode structure and ...


Unusual Perpendicular Anisotropy In Co2Tisi Films, Yunlong Jin, Shah R. Valloppilly, Parashu R. Kharel, Rohit Pathak, Arti Kashyap, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer Jan 2019

Unusual Perpendicular Anisotropy In Co2Tisi Films, Yunlong Jin, Shah R. Valloppilly, Parashu R. Kharel, Rohit Pathak, Arti Kashyap, Ralph Skomski, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

Thin films of Co2TiSi on MgO are investigated experimentally and theoretically. The films were produced by magnetron sputtering on MgO(001) and have a thickness of about 100 nm. As bulk Co2TiSi, they crystallize in the normal cubic Heusler (L21) structure, but the films are slightly distorted (c/a = 1.0014) and contain some antisite disorder. The films exhibit a robust perpendicular anisotropy of 0.5 MJ m3. This result is surprising for several reasons. First, surface and interface anisotropies are too small to explain perpendicular anisotropy in such rather thick films. Second, Co ...


Photoemission Electron Microscopy To Characterize Slow Light In A Photonic Crystal Line Defect, Theodore Stedmark, Rolf Könenkamp Jan 2019

Photoemission Electron Microscopy To Characterize Slow Light In A Photonic Crystal Line Defect, Theodore Stedmark, Rolf Könenkamp

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

Using femtosecond nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) we provide a detailed characterization of slow light in a small-size asymmetric photonic crystal structure. We show that PEEM is capable of providing a unique description of the light propagation in such structures by direct imaging of the guided mode. This noninvasive characterization technique allows modal properties such as effective index, phase velocities, and group velocities to be determined. Combining experimental results with finite element method simulation calculations, we study slow light phenomena in a photonic crystal defect mode, and we produce a comprehensive picture of the mechanisms behind it. Our results illustrate ...


Imaging Technologies And Strategies For Detection Of Extant Extraterrestrial Microorganisms, Jay Nadeau, Manuel Bedrossian, Chris Lindensmith Jan 2019

Imaging Technologies And Strategies For Detection Of Extant Extraterrestrial Microorganisms, Jay Nadeau, Manuel Bedrossian, Chris Lindensmith

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

There is no reductionist definition of life, so the way organisms look, behave, and move is the most definitive way to identify extraterrestrial life. Life elsewhere in the Solar System is likely to be microbial, but no microscope capable of imaging prokaryotic life has ever flown on a lander mission to a habitable planet. Nonetheless, high-resolution microscopes have been developed that are appropriate for planetary exploration. Traditional light microscopy, interferometric microscopy, light-field microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, and electron microscopy are all possible techniques for the detection of extant micro-organisms on Mars and the moons of Jupiter and Saturn. This article ...


A Demonstration Of The Infrared Activity Of Carbon Dioxide, Philip Sieg, William Berner, Peter Harnish, Philip C. Nelson Jan 2019

A Demonstration Of The Infrared Activity Of Carbon Dioxide, Philip Sieg, William Berner, Peter Harnish, Philip C. Nelson

Department of Physics Papers

Before they can talk meaningfully about anthropogenic climate change, students need to grasp basic principles of natural planetary climates, for example, the key role of trace atmospheric gases in setting surface temperature. We describe a dramatic demonstration that scales well for large audiences and that requires as little as ten classroom minutes to show the crucial difference between room air and carbon dioxide gas. Beyond its significance for public policy, the demonstration can serve as a springboard to motivate discussion of important physics concepts such as rotation and vibration spectra.


New Perspectives On The Schrödinger-Pauli Theory Of Electrons: Part I, Viraht Sahni Jan 2019

New Perspectives On The Schrödinger-Pauli Theory Of Electrons: Part I, Viraht Sahni

Publications and Research

Schrödinger-Pauli (SP) theory is a description of electrons in the presence of a static electromagnetic field in which the interaction of the magnetic field with both the orbital and spin moments is explicitly considered. The theory is described from the new perspective of the individual electron via its equation of motion or ‘Quantal Newtonian’ first law. The law is in terms of ‘classical’ fields whose sources are quantum mechanical expectation values of Hermitian operators taken with respect to the system wave function. The law states that each electron experiences an external and an internal field, the sum of which vanish ...


New Perspectives On The Schrödinger-Pauli Theory Of Electrons: Part Ii: Application To The Triplet State Of A Quantum Dot In A Magnetic Field, Marlina Slamet, Viraht Sahni Jan 2019

New Perspectives On The Schrödinger-Pauli Theory Of Electrons: Part Ii: Application To The Triplet State Of A Quantum Dot In A Magnetic Field, Marlina Slamet, Viraht Sahni

Publications and Research

The Schrödinger-Pauli (SP) theory of electrons in the presence of a static electromagnetic field can be described from the perspective of the individual electron via its equation of motion or 'Quantal Newtonian' first law. The law is in terms of 'classical' fields whose sources are quantum-mechanical expectation values of Hermitian operators taken with respect to the wave function. The law states that the sum of the external and internal fields experienced by each electron vanishes. The external field is the sum of the binding electrostatic and Lorentz fields. The internal field is the sum of fields representative of properties of ...


Measurement Of The Beam Spin Asymmetry Of →Ep → E'P'Η In The Deep-Inelastic Regime With Clas, B. Zhao, A. Kim, K. Joo, I . Bedlinskiy, W. Kim, V. Kubarovsky, M. Ungaro, G. Gavalian, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Clas Collaboration Jan 2019

Measurement Of The Beam Spin Asymmetry Of →Ep → E'P'Η In The Deep-Inelastic Regime With Clas, B. Zhao, A. Kim, K. Joo, I . Bedlinskiy, W. Kim, V. Kubarovsky, M. Ungaro, G. Gavalian, A. Klein, S. E. Kuhn, Clas Collaboration

Physics Faculty Publications

The beam spin asymmetry of the exclusive pseudoscalar channel ep→e′p′η was measured for the first time in the deep-inelastic regime (W > 2 GeV/c2 and Q2 > 1 GeV2 /c2) using a longitudinally polarized 5.78 GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. The data were accumulated in 144 four-dimensional bins of Q2, xB, −t and ϕ over a wide kinematic range, where ϕ is the azimuthal angle between the lepton and hadron scattering planes, The measured azimuthal dependence with large amplitudes of the sin ϕ moments ...


Drift Chamber Calibration And Particle Identification In The P-349 Experiment, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, D. Grzonka, Florian Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian, D. Lersch, S. Malbrunot-Ettenauer, A. Mkrtchyan, H. Mkrtchyan, P. Moskal, P. Nadel-Turonski, W. Oelert, J. Ritman, T. Sefzick, V. Tadevosyan, E. Widmann, M. Wolke, S. Zhamkochyan, M. Zieliński, A. Zink, J. Zmeskal Jan 2019

Drift Chamber Calibration And Particle Identification In The P-349 Experiment, D. Alfs, A. Asaturyan, M. Carmignotto, M. Diermaier, W. Eyrich, B. Glowacz, D. Grzonka, Florian Hauenstein, T. Horn, K. Kilian, D. Lersch, S. Malbrunot-Ettenauer, A. Mkrtchyan, H. Mkrtchyan, P. Moskal, P. Nadel-Turonski, W. Oelert, J. Ritman, T. Sefzick, V. Tadevosyan, E. Widmann, M. Wolke, S. Zhamkochyan, M. Zieliński, A. Zink, J. Zmeskal

Physics Faculty Publications

The goal of the P-349 experiment is to test whether 3.5 GeV/c antiprotons produced in high-energy proton-proton collisions are polarized in view of the preparation of a polarized antiproton beam. In this article, we present the details of the ongoing analysis focused on the drift chambers calibration and particle identification with DIRC.