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Full-Text Articles in Sports Medicine

Street Fights: Corporate Social Responsibility And A Dragway's Attempt To Reduce Illegal Street Racing, Amanda E. Greene, Andy Dotterweich, Gary Lhotsky, Jason Davis Jun 2019

Street Fights: Corporate Social Responsibility And A Dragway's Attempt To Reduce Illegal Street Racing, Amanda E. Greene, Andy Dotterweich, Gary Lhotsky, Jason Davis

Amanda E. Greene

This study sought to explore a professional sport venue’s use of Corporate social responsibility (CSR) to promote positive social change, by addressing illegal street racing, through events designed for community participation. This study specifically looked at public dragracing events, titled “Street Fights,” held at a professional dragway. The purpose of this study was to 1) examine drivers’ awareness of the event’s social responsibility initiatives with Street Fight events and 2) determine if these initiatives are promoting behavioral changes in drivers. Drivers at Street Fight events were surveyed (n=77, 60% response rate) on their levels of awareness of ...


Type 2 Diabetes And Its Prevalence In The Youth Population, Hannah Johnston May 2019

Type 2 Diabetes And Its Prevalence In The Youth Population, Hannah Johnston

Honors Theses

There is a rise in cases of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in all populations especially adolescents. This paper provides a literature review of clinical studies and evidence that identified the dynamics around the rise in T2D in adolescents and determined that by introducing exercise programs, altered diet and emotional support, the incidence of adolescent T2D should decrease. The prevalence of adolescent obesity directly relates to the number of youths diagnosed with T2D, so targeting obesity and T2D issues concurrently should ensure improvements in T2D. The overall goal of this project was to determine whether there was an issue regarding T2D ...


The Influence Of Exergaming On Heart Rate, Perceived Exertion, Motivation To Exercise, And Time Spent Exercising, Tuong Thai May 2019

The Influence Of Exergaming On Heart Rate, Perceived Exertion, Motivation To Exercise, And Time Spent Exercising, Tuong Thai

Honors Theses

Objective: With the technological advances in today’s society, active videogames (or exergames) have become more commonplace. Virtual reality (VR) exergames have begun to emerge with more readily available, affordable technology that can be bought online and in stores. This study focused on the popular VR game Beat Saber (Beat Games 2018) and its overall effectiveness in getting individuals to exercise in comparison to a treadmill condition one can do at a gym. It was hypothesized that participants will have similar heart rates, equally high perceived exertion, higher intrinsic motivation to exercise, and have more time spent exercising in Beat ...


Using Benefits Based Models To Manage Sport Performance Enhancement Groups, Anna Swisher, Andy R. Dotterweich, Sterlynn Clendenin, Mauro Palmero, Amy E. Greene, Joseph T. Abbott, Heather Habbott, Jana Hollins Feb 2019

Using Benefits Based Models To Manage Sport Performance Enhancement Groups, Anna Swisher, Andy R. Dotterweich, Sterlynn Clendenin, Mauro Palmero, Amy E. Greene, Joseph T. Abbott, Heather Habbott, Jana Hollins

Andy R. Dotterweich

No abstract provided.


Street Fights: Corporate Social Responsibility And A Dragway's Attempt To Reduce Illegal Street Racing, Amanda E. Greene, Andy Dotterweich, Gary Lhotsky, Jason Davis Feb 2019

Street Fights: Corporate Social Responsibility And A Dragway's Attempt To Reduce Illegal Street Racing, Amanda E. Greene, Andy Dotterweich, Gary Lhotsky, Jason Davis

Andy R. Dotterweich

This study sought to explore a professional sport venue’s use of Corporate social responsibility (CSR) to promote positive social change, by addressing illegal street racing, through events designed for community participation. This study specifically looked at public dragracing events, titled “Street Fights,” held at a professional dragway. The purpose of this study was to 1) examine drivers’ awareness of the event’s social responsibility initiatives with Street Fight events and 2) determine if these initiatives are promoting behavioral changes in drivers. Drivers at Street Fight events were surveyed (n=77, 60% response rate) on their levels of awareness of ...


Hormone And Adpokine Alterations Across Eleven Weeks Of Training In Division I Collegiate Throwers: An Exploratory Study, W. Guy Hornsby, Christian R. Carter, Guy Gregory Haff, Micheal R. Ramsey, Andy R. Dotterweich, N. Travis Triplett, Charles A. Stuart, Margaret E. Stone, Michael H. Stone Feb 2019

Hormone And Adpokine Alterations Across Eleven Weeks Of Training In Division I Collegiate Throwers: An Exploratory Study, W. Guy Hornsby, Christian R. Carter, Guy Gregory Haff, Micheal R. Ramsey, Andy R. Dotterweich, N. Travis Triplett, Charles A. Stuart, Margaret E. Stone, Michael H. Stone

Andy R. Dotterweich

Conceptually, it is important to understand the underlying physiological mechanisms of any training program model. This understanding aids the coach/sport scientist in making better choices in manipulating variables in formulating the training model. These underlying mechanisms can be associated with training variable manipulation and fatigue management aspects as well as the overall health of the athlete. Hormone and cytokine concentrations can be linked to alterations resulting from the manipulation of training variables and to subsequent alterations in performance (Haff et al., 2008; Ishigaki et al., 2005; Jurimae et al., 2010; Stone et al., 2007). For example, alterations in the ...


Lightning Safety: How Is It Conducted At Niaaa Member High Schools?, Mauro Palmero, Andy R. Dotterweich, Gary Lhotsky, Joseph Walker Feb 2019

Lightning Safety: How Is It Conducted At Niaaa Member High Schools?, Mauro Palmero, Andy R. Dotterweich, Gary Lhotsky, Joseph Walker

Andy R. Dotterweich

The purposes of this study were to explore the current scenario of interscholastic athletics in regards to the existence and enforcement of lightning safety policies applied to athletic outdoor activities, and to identify the common practices related to lightning safety currently utilized. The results showed that 87.2% of the respondents (N=804) have lightning safety policies. However, only 90.3% of the respondents who have lightning safety policies actually enforce them. It seems that during practices coaches are most commonly responsible for making the decision to stop/resume activity, and that during games athletic directors are most commonly making ...


Challenges, Changes, And Opportunities In Ngb Coach Education From 2003-2015, Anna Swisher, Andy R. Dotterweich Feb 2019

Challenges, Changes, And Opportunities In Ngb Coach Education From 2003-2015, Anna Swisher, Andy R. Dotterweich

Andy R. Dotterweich

No abstract provided.


A Survey Of Social Media: Perceived Effectiveness In Marketing Among Individual Nascar Tracks, Amanda E. Greene, Andy Dotterweich, Mauro Palmero, Don Good Feb 2019

A Survey Of Social Media: Perceived Effectiveness In Marketing Among Individual Nascar Tracks, Amanda E. Greene, Andy Dotterweich, Mauro Palmero, Don Good

Andy R. Dotterweich

The purpose of this study was to examine the use of and attitudes toward social networking as a tool for use by NASCAR speedways and to gauge track perceptions on the effectiveness of social media as a marketing tool. Individual NASCAR tracks were surveyed (n=22, 84.6% response) to explore current track social media practices and the potential impact of social networking sites on NASCAR marketing and consumer relations. Results found that individual tracks as well as the two major ownership groups highly agreed about issues concerning the use of social media to increase sales and to develop fan ...


'I Think I'M Gonna Hurl': A Narrative Review Of The Causes Of Nausea And Vomiting In Sport, Patrick B. Wilson Jan 2019

'I Think I'M Gonna Hurl': A Narrative Review Of The Causes Of Nausea And Vomiting In Sport, Patrick B. Wilson

Counseling & Human Services Faculty Publications

Exercise-associated gastrointestinal (GI) distress can negatively impact athletic performance and interfere with exercise training. Although there are a few universal underlying causes of GI distress, each symptom often has its own unique triggers and, therefore, its own prevention and management strategies. One of the most troubling GI symptoms an athlete can experience during training and competition is nausea/vomiting. The prevalence of nausea varies with several factors, two of the most important being exercise intensity and duration. Relatively brief, high-intensity exercise (e.g., sprinting, tempo runs) and ultra-endurance exercise are both associated with more frequent and severe nausea. The potential ...


Disordered Eating Risk And Body Image Dissatisfaction Of Division I Male And Female Cheerleaders, Christopher Blaszka May 2018

Disordered Eating Risk And Body Image Dissatisfaction Of Division I Male And Female Cheerleaders, Christopher Blaszka

Theses and Dissertations

The sport of cheerleading is growing both in the high school and college setting, however there is little research on cheerleaders specifically, both sideline and competitive. It is clear that while this sport does not benefit from being affiliated with the NCAA, the athletes are still at large risk for disordered eating and eating disorders, and are in need of more accurate screening and prevention methods. With the lack of cheerleading studies in general, there is an even larger scarcity of studies that focus on males in cheerleading. The current study aims to fill the gap in the research regarding ...


Enhanced Skeletal Muscle Ribosome Biogenesis, Yet Attenuated Mtorc1 And Ribosome Biogenesis-Related Signalling, Following Short-Term Concurrent Versus Single-Mode Resistance Training, Jackson J. Fyfe, David J. Bishop, Jonathan D. Bartlett, Erik D. Hanson, Mitchell J. Anderson, Andrew P. Garnham, Nigel K. Stepto Jan 2018

Enhanced Skeletal Muscle Ribosome Biogenesis, Yet Attenuated Mtorc1 And Ribosome Biogenesis-Related Signalling, Following Short-Term Concurrent Versus Single-Mode Resistance Training, Jackson J. Fyfe, David J. Bishop, Jonathan D. Bartlett, Erik D. Hanson, Mitchell J. Anderson, Andrew P. Garnham, Nigel K. Stepto

ECU Publications Post 2013

Combining endurance training with resistance training (RT) may attenuate skeletal muscle hypertrophic adaptation versus RT alone; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated changes in markers of ribosome biogenesis, a process linked with skeletal muscle hypertrophy, following concurrent training versus RT alone. Twenty-three males underwent eight weeks of RT, either performed alone (RT group, n = 8), or combined with either high-intensity interval training (HIT+RT group, n = 8), or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT+RT group, n = 7). Muscle samples (vastus lateralis) were obtained before training, and immediately before, 1 h and 3 h after the final training session. Training-induced ...


Beyond The End Line - Putting The Mental Health Of Female Athletes First, Katherine Scholten Dec 2017

Beyond The End Line - Putting The Mental Health Of Female Athletes First, Katherine Scholten

Honors Projects

Currently one in five adults are affected by mental illness. Student-athletes are a population that is under diagnosed for mental illness. In the world of college athletics, mental pain is as regular as physical pain. Coaches often push their athletes to suffer in silence for the betterment of the team. The NCAA has recognized the importance of mental health in college athletics, yet there is still much work to be done among universities across the country. This document is to serve as a resource and a guide on the effects of mental health among female student athletes and the best ...


Intra And Inter-Rater Reliability And Convergent Validity Of Fit-Hansa In Individuals With Grade П Whiplash Associated Disorder, Michael Pierrynowski, Colleen Mcphee, Saurabh Mehta, Joy C. Macdermid, Anita Gross Aug 2017

Intra And Inter-Rater Reliability And Convergent Validity Of Fit-Hansa In Individuals With Grade П Whiplash Associated Disorder, Michael Pierrynowski, Colleen Mcphee, Saurabh Mehta, Joy C. Macdermid, Anita Gross

Saurabh Mehta

BACKGROUND: Whiplash-Associated Disorders (WAD) are common following a motor vehicle accident. The Functional Impairment Test - Hand, and Neck/Shoulder/Arm (FIT-HaNSA) assesses upper extremity physical performance. It has been validated in patients with shoulder pathology but not in those with WAD.

OBJECTIVES: Establish the Intra and inter-rater reliability and the known-group and construct validity of the FIT-HaNSA in patients with Grade II WAD (WAD2).

METHODS: Twenty-five patients with WAD2 and 41 healthy controls were recruited. Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), cervical range of motion (CROM), and FIT-HaNSA were ...


Knowledge And Behavioral Patterns Of Youth Ice Hockey Parents Regarding Sport Concussion: A Pilot Study, Jeff G. Konin, Delaney Horsley Mar 2017

Knowledge And Behavioral Patterns Of Youth Ice Hockey Parents Regarding Sport Concussion: A Pilot Study, Jeff G. Konin, Delaney Horsley

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: There is an abundance of available concussion education programs for parents of youth ice hockey players. Parents play a vital role in recognizing signs and symptoms of a concussion sustained by a child, and therefore their knowledge and retention of such information is deemed to be very important. The purpose of the pilot survey is identify the general knowledge parents of youth ice hockey players possess regarding concussion. Methods: A survey of a sample of convenience was utilized. Forty-five parents (40 to 49 years of age) of youth ice hockey players were asked to complete a one-page survey to ...


Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr Jan 2017

Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Ben Schram

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 29.


Associations Between Personality Style, Perceptions Of Health Coaching And Percent Of Starting Weight In Meal Replacement Program Participants, Anne E. Sawyer Jan 2017

Associations Between Personality Style, Perceptions Of Health Coaching And Percent Of Starting Weight In Meal Replacement Program Participants, Anne E. Sawyer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: To determine if personality style and an individual’s perception of their health coaching experience impact their ability to lose weight and/or maintain weight loss. Methods: An electronic survey was distributed to 20,000 current and past meal replacement program participants. Personality style was assessed via the Ten Item Personality Inventory, providing individual perceptions of each of the Big Five personality domains (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness to experience). The Working Alliance Inventory (Short Revised) was used to assess three key perceptions of health coaching: 1) agreement on the goals of coaching (goal), 2) agreement on ...


Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer Dec 2016

Post-Concussion Experiences Of Collegiate Student-Athletes, Kaitlin Iris Singer

Doctoral Dissertations

Sports-related concussions are a major public health concern affecting a significant number of collegiate student-athletes. Medical and public health research has addressed every aspect of concussion management processes including concussion education, medical diagnosis, recovery, and returning to sport and classroom. This research has led to several best-practices for concussion management. Since 2010, the NCAA has mandated that its member institutions maintain concussion management policies and procedures. However, the current recommendations, based primarily on medical research, have been found in quantitative studies of the behaviors and practices of athletic trainers, coaches, and student-athletes to be ineffective. To date, no studies have ...


Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr Nov 2016

Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rob Marc Orr

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 29.


Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr Nov 2016

Injuries Associated With Sport Participation Amongst Australian Army Personnel, Ben Schram, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rodney P Pope

Abstract published in the Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health, 24(4), p. 29.


The Effect Of Acute Aerobic Exercise On Hemostasis In Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, Ryan A. Martin May 2016

The Effect Of Acute Aerobic Exercise On Hemostasis In Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients, Ryan A. Martin

Masters Theses

Purpose: To determine the hemostatic response after acute aerobic exercise in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Methods: Eighteen males were recruited from the university and local community. Individuals who presented evidence of cardiovascular, pulmonary, or metabolic disease were excluded. Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) > 5 was criteria for OSA. Subjects performed a treadmill exercise test at 35% and 70% predicted VO2reserve during the morning hours. Pre exercise blood samples were obtained after 15 minutes supine rest and within two minutes following exercise. Repeated Measures ANOVA were performed for Factor VIII antigen, tPA antigen, tPA activity, and PAI-1 activity across two time ...


An Epidemiological Look At Injuries Among High School Athletes Participating In A Variety Of Sports For Both Sexes, Emily H. Wills May 2016

An Epidemiological Look At Injuries Among High School Athletes Participating In A Variety Of Sports For Both Sexes, Emily H. Wills

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Physical activity is part of a healthy lifestyle, but participating in athletic activities like team sports can lead to injury. This study was designed to find the differences in types of high school sports injuries and how frequently these injuries occur among different sports and between males and females. A survey was given to members of the football, boys’ basketball, girls’ basketball, baseball, softball, and volleyball teams of a central Appalachian high school. The highest rate of injury was found in girls’ basketball at 86.7%, followed by football at 85.2%, boys’ basketball at 70.6%, softball and volleyball ...


Intra And Inter-Rater Reliability And Convergent Validity Of Fit-Hansa In Individuals With Grade П Whiplash Associated Disorder, Michael Pierrynowski, Colleen Mcphee, Saurabh Mehta, Joy C. Macdermid, Anita Gross Feb 2016

Intra And Inter-Rater Reliability And Convergent Validity Of Fit-Hansa In Individuals With Grade П Whiplash Associated Disorder, Michael Pierrynowski, Colleen Mcphee, Saurabh Mehta, Joy C. Macdermid, Anita Gross

Physical Therapy Faculty Research

BACKGROUND: Whiplash-Associated Disorders (WAD) are common following a motor vehicle accident. The Functional Impairment Test - Hand, and Neck/Shoulder/Arm (FIT-HaNSA) assesses upper extremity physical performance. It has been validated in patients with shoulder pathology but not in those with WAD.

OBJECTIVES: Establish the Intra and inter-rater reliability and the known-group and construct validity of the FIT-HaNSA in patients with Grade II WAD (WAD2).

METHODS: Twenty-five patients with WAD2 and 41 healthy controls were recruited. Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), cervical range of motion (CROM), and FIT-HaNSA were ...


A Culture That Fosters Concussions: Does Increased Education Lead To More Accurate Reporting Of Concussions?, Michael Heptig Jan 2016

A Culture That Fosters Concussions: Does Increased Education Lead To More Accurate Reporting Of Concussions?, Michael Heptig

PCOM Psychology Dissertations

With over 1.7 million incidents reported annually, concussion has become the most common class of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the United States (Bazarian, Zhu, Blyth, Borrino, & Zhong, 2012). As staggering a statistic as this may be, many believe it fails to represent the true number of concussions because the non-reporting of symptoms has been commonplace among athletes (Khurana & Kaye, 2012; Williamson & Goodman, 2006). The aim of this study was to determine those factors that influence the reporting of concussion symptoms. Specific variables that were examined include the amount of concussion education provided (determined by requisite amount of concussion education in minutes), number of required participants in training, the utilization of baseline neurocognitive testing, the number of years concussion legislation has been in place, and the presence of a certified athletic trainer. A ...


Profiling The Incidents And Injuries Of Part-Time And Full-Time Soldiers In The Australian Army, Dylan Macdonald, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr Dec 2015

Profiling The Incidents And Injuries Of Part-Time And Full-Time Soldiers In The Australian Army, Dylan Macdonald, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rodney P Pope

Aim •To profile the incidents & injuries reported in Part-time compared to Full-time soldiers serving in the Australian Army Methods •Retrospective cohort study, covering 01 Jul 2012 –30 Jun 2014 •Incident data for ARES & ARA extracted from WHSCAR database by system administrators & made non-identifiable •Inclusion Criteria: –Incident or injury sustained by Part-time or Full-time personnel –Incident or injury occurred during 01 July 2012-30 June 2014 •Exclusion Criteria: –Foreign defence service on secondment –Missing data •Population sizes ascertained from annual Defence Agency Resources & Planned Performance reports •Total annual numbers of ARES days served provided by AHQ •Data analysis: –Comparison of the types ...


Age-Related Differences In Upper-Body Muscular Endurance Amongst Male Law Enforcement Officers: A Comparison To Civilian Population Norms, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope, Jay Dawes Dec 2015

Age-Related Differences In Upper-Body Muscular Endurance Amongst Male Law Enforcement Officers: A Comparison To Civilian Population Norms, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope, Jay Dawes

Rodney P Pope

Download a PDF of the Conference Abstracts. Access the abstract on page 30-31.


The Perceived Effect Of Load Carriage On Marksmanship In The Tactical Athlete., D Poke, Rob Orr, Michael Stierli, Ben Hinton Dec 2015

The Perceived Effect Of Load Carriage On Marksmanship In The Tactical Athlete., D Poke, Rob Orr, Michael Stierli, Ben Hinton

Rob Marc Orr

Abstract published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport – Supplement, 18(6), pp. 98. Access abstract


Profiling The Incidents And Injuries Of Part-Time And Full-Time Soldiers In The Australian Army, Dylan Macdonald, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr Dec 2015

Profiling The Incidents And Injuries Of Part-Time And Full-Time Soldiers In The Australian Army, Dylan Macdonald, Rodney Pope, Rob Orr

Rob Marc Orr

Aim •To profile the incidents & injuries reported in Part-time compared to Full-time soldiers serving in the Australian Army Methods •Retrospective cohort study, covering 01 Jul 2012 –30 Jun 2014 •Incident data for ARES & ARA extracted from WHSCAR database by system administrators & made non-identifiable •Inclusion Criteria: –Incident or injury sustained by Part-time or Full-time personnel –Incident or injury occurred during 01 July 2012-30 June 2014 •Exclusion Criteria: –Foreign defence service on secondment –Missing data •Population sizes ascertained from annual Defence Agency Resources & Planned Performance reports •Total annual numbers of ARES days served provided by AHQ •Data analysis: –Comparison of the types ...


Age-Related Differences In Upper-Body Muscular Endurance Amongst Male Law Enforcement Officers: A Comparison To Civilian Population Norms, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope, Jay Dawes Dec 2015

Age-Related Differences In Upper-Body Muscular Endurance Amongst Male Law Enforcement Officers: A Comparison To Civilian Population Norms, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope, Jay Dawes

Rob Marc Orr

Download a PDF of the Conference Abstracts. Access the abstract on page 30-31.


Leg Power As An Indicator For Risk Of Injury Or Illness In Police Recruits, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope, Samantha Peterson, Michael Stierli, Ben Hinton Dec 2015

Leg Power As An Indicator For Risk Of Injury Or Illness In Police Recruits, Rob Orr, Rodney Pope, Samantha Peterson, Michael Stierli, Ben Hinton

Rob Marc Orr

Access abstract in the Conference Abstract E-book, page 123