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Full-Text Articles in Geriatrics

A Sensory-Based Program To Enhance Occupational Performance For Dementia, Ivy Annahi Torres-Flores, Jacob Gantan, Heather Anne August, Naomi Grace Wong May 2019

A Sensory-Based Program To Enhance Occupational Performance For Dementia, Ivy Annahi Torres-Flores, Jacob Gantan, Heather Anne August, Naomi Grace Wong

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

Dementia is a neurological disease, causing behavioral and cognitive symptoms, that progressively impairs an individual’s ability to engage in meaningful activities. Progressive deterioration associated with dementia impacts occupational performance and independence and quality of life. Sensory based interventions, such as drumming groups, have been hypothesized to be a non-pharmacological intervention for individuals with dementia. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a sensory based intervention program, in this case participation in a drumming group, on functional engagement during self-feeding for individuals with dementia. Researchers gathered data over the course of two days using the Functional ...


Periodontitis And The Elderly: An Overview Of The Disease And Its Impact On An Aging Population, Nicole Grace Weissenfluh Apr 2019

Periodontitis And The Elderly: An Overview Of The Disease And Its Impact On An Aging Population, Nicole Grace Weissenfluh

Senior Honors Theses

Periodontitis affects millions of Americans each year, and is especially prevalent among the elderly. Since periodontitis is a chronic, progressive condition, uninterrupted disease progression leads to irreversible oral damage; therefore, periodontitis often reduces the oral health-related quality of life. Furthermore, research strongly suggests a correlation between periodontitis and other systemic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus), highlighting the importance of understanding, treating, and preventing periodontitis. This thesis explores the pathology and etiology of periodontitis, with special focus given to the prevalence and impact of the disease in the elderly population. Additionally, the connection between periodontitis and other systemic ...


Tobacco Smoking And Dementia In A Kentucky Cohort: A Competing Risk Analysis, Erin L. Abner, Peter T. Nelson, Gregory A. Jicha, Gregory E. Cooper, David W. Fardo, Frederick A. Schmitt, Richard J. Kryscio Mar 2019

Tobacco Smoking And Dementia In A Kentucky Cohort: A Competing Risk Analysis, Erin L. Abner, Peter T. Nelson, Gregory A. Jicha, Gregory E. Cooper, David W. Fardo, Frederick A. Schmitt, Richard J. Kryscio

Epidemiology Faculty Publications

Tobacco smoking was examined as a risk for dementia and neuropathological burden in 531 initially cognitively normal older adults followed longitudinally at the University of Kentucky’s Alzheimer’s Disease Center. The cohort was followed for an average of 11.5 years; 111 (20.9%) participants were diagnosed with dementia, while 242 (45.6%) died without dementia. At baseline, 49 (9.2%) participants reported current smoking (median pack-years = 47.3) and 231 (43.5%) former smoking (median pack-years = 24.5). The hazard ratio (HR) for dementia for former smokers versus never smokers based on the Cox model was 1.64 ...


Decreasing Social Isolation In Adults Via A Cognitive Wellness Program, Lisa Yauch-Cadden, Kari Star, Paula Shiner Mar 2019

Decreasing Social Isolation In Adults Via A Cognitive Wellness Program, Lisa Yauch-Cadden, Kari Star, Paula Shiner

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

In October 2015, Buzzards Bay Speech Therapy and Coastline Elderly Services, Inc, collaborated to address concerns regarding healthy aging in New Bedford. According to the 2014 Massachusetts Healthy Aging Data Report, New Bedford scored lowest in the state with regard to healthy aging, with 31 health indicators worse than the state average, including depression, mental illness, stroke and Alzheimer's disease. Recognizing that these indicators can lead to social isolation and further exacerbate health concerns, we developed a program focusing on cognitive wellness in order to enhance social engagement. The goal of the program is to provide evidenced based interventions ...


Evaluating Trajectories Of Episodic Memory In Normal Cognition And Mild Cognitive Impairment: Results From Adni, Xiuhua Ding, Richard J. Charnigo, Frederick A. Schmitt, Richard J. Kryscio, Erin L. Abner, Alzheimer’S Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Feb 2019

Evaluating Trajectories Of Episodic Memory In Normal Cognition And Mild Cognitive Impairment: Results From Adni, Xiuhua Ding, Richard J. Charnigo, Frederick A. Schmitt, Richard J. Kryscio, Erin L. Abner, Alzheimer’S Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Statistics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Memory assessment is a key factor for the diagnosis of cognitive impairment. However, memory performance over time may be quite heterogeneous within diagnostic groups.

METHOD: To identify latent trajectories in memory performance and their associated risk factors, we analyzed data from Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) participants who were classified either as cognitively normal or as Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) at baseline and were administered the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning test (RAVLT) for up to 9 years. Group-based trajectory modeling on the 30-minute RAVLT delayed recall score was applied separately to the two baseline diagnostic groups.

RESULTS: There ...


Effectiveness Of Honey For Healing Chronic Wounds Compared To Standard Treatments, Erin J. Miller Feb 2019

Effectiveness Of Honey For Healing Chronic Wounds Compared To Standard Treatments, Erin J. Miller

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

OBJECTIVE: To determine if medical-grade honey is efficacious to other products such as in concomitant use with calcium alginate or standalone to hydrogel or PluroGel for healing chronic wounds in the adult population.

METHODS: Retrospective chart review for the adult population ages 18-89 with chronic wounds. Exclusion criteria included hospice or terminal prognosis (expectancy), active cancer or receiving cancer treatments, and inconsistent treatment application (consecutive weekly treatments for at least 3 weeks).

SETTING: long-term care facilities (nursing homes)

RESULTS: Hydrogel (n = 21 wounds) had a 16.53 percent mean weekly change and 17.43 percent mean weekly improvement with a ...


Depressive Symptoms In People With Vision Impairment: A Cross-Sectional Study To Identify Who Is Most At Risk, Claire Nollett, Barbara Ryan, Nathan Bray, Catey Bunce, Robin J. Casten, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, David Gillespie, Daniel J. Smith, Miles Stanford, Tom H. Margrain Jan 2019

Depressive Symptoms In People With Vision Impairment: A Cross-Sectional Study To Identify Who Is Most At Risk, Claire Nollett, Barbara Ryan, Nathan Bray, Catey Bunce, Robin J. Casten, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, David Gillespie, Daniel J. Smith, Miles Stanford, Tom H. Margrain

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Faculty Papers

Objective To identify the risk factors for significant depressive symptoms in people with visual impairment in England and Wales to provide information on who is most at risk and to whom support services could be targeted in future. Design A cross-sectional study using baseline data from a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Setting and participants 990 participants aged 18 or over attending 1 of 14 low-vision rehabilitation primary care optometry-based clinics in South Wales or two hospital clinics in London. Outcome measure A score of ≥6 on the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 was classed as clinically significant depressive symptoms. Results In a ...


A Social Dance Intervention To Nourish Sustainable Quality Of Life Outlook In Geriatric Oncology Patients, Luis Alberto Aguilar Montalva Jan 2019

A Social Dance Intervention To Nourish Sustainable Quality Of Life Outlook In Geriatric Oncology Patients, Luis Alberto Aguilar Montalva

Phase 1

Importance: Social support is a major determinant of health for geriatric oncology patients. Nevertheless, no DMT program utilizes community building as an explicit focus of intervention.

Objective: To design a DMT that fosters a therapeutic approach which relies as much on the interpersonal relationships as on the intrapersonal journey. Design, setting, participants: 12 weeks observational trial of participants, from TJUH geriatric oncology patient population, as they progressed through two series of social dance workshops. The first series of six workshops happened on a weekly basis, with participants filling out a FACT-G survey pre and post involvement. The second series of ...


Adult Day Services: Experiences Of Occupational Participation By People With Early Dementia And Their Carers, Janice Du Preez Jan 2019

Adult Day Services: Experiences Of Occupational Participation By People With Early Dementia And Their Carers, Janice Du Preez

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Background issue:

Reduced opportunities for occupational participation by adults with dementia impact their quality of life and wellbeing. It also affects the health and wellbeing of carers with whom they live. Adult day services were identified as possibly providing opportunities for meaningful activity engagement. However, there is a paucity of research on the occupational participation needs of individuals with early stage dementia who use adult day services and their carers.

Aim and significance:

This study aimed to identify the occupational participation (engagement in everyday activities that are individually meaningful) experiences of people with early stage dementia and their primary carers ...


Loneliness In Later Life, Edward F. Ansello Jan 2019

Loneliness In Later Life, Edward F. Ansello

Director's Editorials from Age in Action

The National Social Life, Health and Aging Project (NSHAP) at the University of Chicago notes that persistent loneliness in later life is the exception rather than the rule. When it occurs, it’s most likely to be a transient condition and remediable.


Blue Zones And Longevity, Edward F. Ansello Jan 2019

Blue Zones And Longevity, Edward F. Ansello

Director's Editorials from Age in Action

We can embrace the generalizable characteristics of Blue Zones: a plant-based diet, friendships, spiritual or religious grounding, awareness of and immersion in our community, physical activity as a regular, normalized part of our daily routine, and, more philosophically, an opening up to our own sense of place and purpose.


The Senior Mentoring Program At Vcu’S School Of Medicine, Leland H. Waters, Madeline Mcintyre Jan 2019

The Senior Mentoring Program At Vcu’S School Of Medicine, Leland H. Waters, Madeline Mcintyre

Case Studies from Age in Action

Educational Objectives

1. To demonstrate the value of senior mentoring in geriatrics education for medical students.

2. To provide a framework for positively influencing student attitudes toward older adults.

3. To describe the underlying human relationships that contribute to patient-centered care.

4. To describe effective verbal and non-verbal skills to establish and build relationships.


Virginianavigator/Gwep Community Outreach Training For Older Adults, Caregivers, And Service Programs, Adrienne Johnson, Kim Tarantino Jan 2019

Virginianavigator/Gwep Community Outreach Training For Older Adults, Caregivers, And Service Programs, Adrienne Johnson, Kim Tarantino

Case Studies from Age in Action

Educational Objectives

1. Demonstrate how VirginiaNavigator (VN) can support self-care and connecting with community resources.

2. Discuss how VN can assist service providers who work with older adults and their families.

3. Explain how VN relates to six focus areas of the Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program (GWEP) to improve the well-being of older adults.


Immersive Virtual Reality For The Management Of Pain In Community-Dwelling Older Adults., Sara Benham, Minhee Kang, Namrata Grampurohit Dec 2018

Immersive Virtual Reality For The Management Of Pain In Community-Dwelling Older Adults., Sara Benham, Minhee Kang, Namrata Grampurohit

Department of Occupational Therapy Faculty Papers

Immersive virtual reality (VR) can provide a high level of engagement and distraction analgesia to address pain. However, community-based applications of this technology for older adults have not been studied. The objective of this study was to examine the applicability and effectiveness of an immersive VR intervention for pain, depression, and quality of life (QOL) in older adults. This pretest–posttest, mixed-methods design included senior center members (n = 12) with pain that interfered with daily functioning. The outcomes included the Numeric Pain Rating Scale, Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) depression scale, World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Brief ...


Strategies And Challenges Associated With Recruiting Retirement Village Communities And Residents Into A Group Exercise Intervention, Rachel L. Duckham, Jamie L. Tait, Caryl A. Nowson, Kerrie M. Sanders, Dennis R. Taaffe, Keith D. Hill, Robin M. Daly Dec 2018

Strategies And Challenges Associated With Recruiting Retirement Village Communities And Residents Into A Group Exercise Intervention, Rachel L. Duckham, Jamie L. Tait, Caryl A. Nowson, Kerrie M. Sanders, Dennis R. Taaffe, Keith D. Hill, Robin M. Daly

ECU Publications Post 2013

BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide the highest level of scientific evidence, but successful participant recruitment is critical to ensure the external and internal validity of results. This study describes the strategies associated with recruiting older adults at increased falls risk residing in retirement villages into an 18-month cluster RCT designed to evaluate the effects of a dual-task exercise program on falls and physical and cognitive function.

METHODS: Recruitment of adults aged ≥65 at increased falls risk residing within retirement villages (size 60-350 residents) was initially designed to occur over 12 months using two distinct cohorts (C). Recruitment occurred via ...


Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson Dec 2018

Keep The Beat With Heart Failure Education: A Quality Improvement Project, Brenda L. Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Problem: Heart failure (HF), also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), is the number one diagnosis-related group (DRG) for people 65 years of age and older in the United States. This disease group is complicated and debilitating, requiring frequent hospitalizations with high mortality rates. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) has identified CHF as an area for improvement in hospitals.

Context: This was a quality improvement project for an integrated medical center in the Central Valley, California with over 19,000 HF patients. In 2018, for patients 65 years and older, HF is the third-most admitted ...


Deviating From Idsa Treatment Guidelines For Non-Purulent Skin Infections Increases The Risk Of Treatment Failure In Emergency Department Patients, John P. Haran, E. Wilsterman, T. Zeoli, Melissa Goulding, Emily Mclendon, Melissa A. Clark Dec 2018

Deviating From Idsa Treatment Guidelines For Non-Purulent Skin Infections Increases The Risk Of Treatment Failure In Emergency Department Patients, John P. Haran, E. Wilsterman, T. Zeoli, Melissa Goulding, Emily Mclendon, Melissa A. Clark

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

The Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) publishes guidelines regularly for the management of skin and soft tissue infections; however, the extent to which practice patterns follow these guidelines and if this can affect treatment failure rates is unknown. We observed the treatment failure rates from a multicentre retrospective ambulatory cohort of adult emergency department patients treated for a non-purulent skin infection. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine the role of IDSA classification and whether adherence to IDSA guidelines reduced treatment failure. A total of 759 ambulatory patients were included in the cohort with 17.4% failing treatment. Among ...


Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg Dec 2018

Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: To examine age-specific differences in the frequency and impact of cardiac and non-cardiac conditions among patients aged 65years and older hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS: Study population consisted of 3863 adults hospitalized with AMI at 11 medical centers in central Massachusetts on a biennial basis between 2001 and 2011. The presence of 11 chronic conditions (five cardiac and six non-cardiac) was based on the review of hospital medical records.

RESULTS: Participants' median age was 79years, 49% were men, and had an average of three chronic conditions (average of cardiac conditions: 2.6 and average of non-cardiac conditions ...


Pharmacy Staff Perspectives On Alcohol And Medication Interaction Prevention Among Older Rural Adults, Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Rachel Vickers Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy E. Schoenberg, Catherine A. Martin, Richard Clayton Nov 2018

Pharmacy Staff Perspectives On Alcohol And Medication Interaction Prevention Among Older Rural Adults, Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Rachel Vickers Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy E. Schoenberg, Catherine A. Martin, Richard Clayton

Behavioral Science Faculty Publications

Older adults are at high risk for alcohol and medication interactions (AMI). Pharmacies have the potential to act as ideal locations for AMI education, as pharmacy staff play an important role in the community. This study examined the perspectives of pharmacy staff on AMI prevention programming messaging, potential barriers to and facilitators of older adult participation in such programming, and dissemination methods for AMI prevention information. Flyers, telephone calls, and site visits were used to recruit 31 pharmacy staff members who participated in semistructured interviews. A content analysis of interview transcriptions was conducted to identify major themes, categories, and subcategories ...


Optimizing Psychosocial Care Of Older Adults With Cancer: An Early Assessment And Intervention Model, Lora Rhodes, Lcsw, Andrew Chapman, Do, Facp Nov 2018

Optimizing Psychosocial Care Of Older Adults With Cancer: An Early Assessment And Intervention Model, Lora Rhodes, Lcsw, Andrew Chapman, Do, Facp

Department of Medical Oncology Posters

Background

Jefferson Multidisciplinary Senior Adult Oncology Center

History

  • Established September 2010
  • First multidisciplinary geriatric oncology evaluation center in the tristate area

Demographics

  • 890 patients evaluated to date
  • All tumor types
  • Age 70 and above & Pre-transplant (Bone Marrow) evaluation age 65 and above

Format

  • Consultative service
  • Two sessions weekly
  • Average evaluation time: two hours

Multidisciplinary Team

  • Navigator, Medical Oncologist, Geriatrician, Pharmacist, Nutritionist, Social Worker
  • As needed: Psychiatry, Rehab Medicine, Radiation Oncology, Surgery


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2018 Oct 2018

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2018

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This journal supplement includes selected abstracts from among the more than 50 presented at the 44th annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium. Held May 25, 2018, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Aurora Scientific Day provides a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, an integrated health system with hospitals and clinics in Wisconsin and Illinois.


Comparison Of Prescribing Practices For Older Adults Treated By Female Versus Male Physicians: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Paula A. Rochon, Jerry H. Gurwitz Oct 2018

Comparison Of Prescribing Practices For Older Adults Treated By Female Versus Male Physicians: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Paula A. Rochon, Jerry H. Gurwitz

Open Access Articles

IMPORTANCE: Subtle but important differences have been described in the way that male and female physicians care for their patients, with some evidence suggesting women are more likely to adhere to best practice recommendations.

OBJECTIVE: To determine if male and female physicians differ in their prescribing practices as measured by the initiation of lower-than-recommended dose cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI) drug therapy for dementia management.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: All community-dwelling Ontario residents aged 66 years and older with dementia and newly dispensed an oral ChEI drug (donepezil, galantamine, or rivastigmine) between April 1, 2010 and June 30, 2016 were included.

MAIN ...


Using Virtual Reality In Medical Education To Teach Empathy, Elizabeth Dyer, Barbara Swartzlander, Marilyn R. Gugliucci Oct 2018

Using Virtual Reality In Medical Education To Teach Empathy, Elizabeth Dyer, Barbara Swartzlander, Marilyn R. Gugliucci

Library Services Faculty Publications

Objective: The project adopted technology that teaches medical and other health professions students to be empathetic with older adults, through virtual reality (VR) software that allows them to simulate being a patient with age-related diseases, and to familiarize medical students with information resources related to the health of older adults.

Methods: The project uses an application that creates immersive VR experiences for training of the workforce for aging services. Users experience age-related conditions such as macular degeneration and high-frequency hearing loss from the patient’s perspective. Librarians and faculty partner to integrate the experience into the curriculum, and students go ...


Intergenerational Adult Day Services Needs Assessment Project Final Report, University Of Maine School Of Social Work, Eastern Area Agency On Aging, University Of Maine Center On Aging Oct 2018

Intergenerational Adult Day Services Needs Assessment Project Final Report, University Of Maine School Of Social Work, Eastern Area Agency On Aging, University Of Maine Center On Aging

Maine Center on Aging Research and Evaluation

Focus group research conducted in the Greater Bangor, Maine area in 2016 identified respite services and intergenerational programming as important factors for supporting a more livable community.

This report outlines findings from a 2018 needs assessment of adult day services (ADS), funded by Maine Health Access Foundation. The needs assessment utilized a survey of local caregivers (N=84) and key informant interviews (N=10) with staff at Maine adult day service programs or service providers that could utilize adult day services for their clients.

Key survey findings indicate that lack of financial resources (identified by 20% of the survey sample ...


Humanin Prevents Age-Related Cognitive Decline In Mice And Is Associated With Improved Cognitive Age In Humans., Kelvin Yen, Junxiang Wan, Hemal H Mehta, Brendan Miller, Amy Christensen, Morgan E Levine, Matthew P Salomon, Sebastian Brandhorst, Jialin Xiao, Su-Jeong Kim, Gerardo Navarrete, Daniel Campo, G Jean Harry, Valter Longo, Christian J Pike, Wendy J Mack, Howard N Hodis, Eileen M Crimmins, Pinchas Cohen Sep 2018

Humanin Prevents Age-Related Cognitive Decline In Mice And Is Associated With Improved Cognitive Age In Humans., Kelvin Yen, Junxiang Wan, Hemal H Mehta, Brendan Miller, Amy Christensen, Morgan E Levine, Matthew P Salomon, Sebastian Brandhorst, Jialin Xiao, Su-Jeong Kim, Gerardo Navarrete, Daniel Campo, G Jean Harry, Valter Longo, Christian J Pike, Wendy J Mack, Howard N Hodis, Eileen M Crimmins, Pinchas Cohen

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Advanced age is associated with a decline in cognitive function, likely caused by a combination of modifiable and non-modifiable factors such as genetics and lifestyle choices. Mounting evidence suggests that humanin and other mitochondrial derived peptides play a role in several age-related conditions including neurodegenerative disease. Here we demonstrate that humanin administration has neuroprotective effects in vitro in human cell culture models and is sufficient to improve cognition in vivo in aged mice. Furthermore, in a human cohort, using mitochondrial GWAS, we identified a specific SNP (rs2854128) in the humanin-coding region of the mitochondrial genome that is associated with a ...


Isolation Of Cerebral Capillaries From Fresh Human Brain Tissue, Anika M. S. Hartz, Julia A. Schulz, Brent S. Sokola, Stephanie E. Edelmann, Andrew N. Shen, Ralf G. Rempe, Yu Zhong, Nader El Seblani, Bjoern Bauer Sep 2018

Isolation Of Cerebral Capillaries From Fresh Human Brain Tissue, Anika M. S. Hartz, Julia A. Schulz, Brent S. Sokola, Stephanie E. Edelmann, Andrew N. Shen, Ralf G. Rempe, Yu Zhong, Nader El Seblani, Bjoern Bauer

Sanders-Brown Center on Aging Faculty Publications

Understanding blood-brain barrier function under physiological and pathophysiological conditions is critical for the development of new therapeutic strategies that hold the promise to enhance brain drug delivery, improve brain protection, and treat brain disorders. However, studying the human blood-brain barrier function is challenging. Thus, there is a critical need for appropriate models. In this regard, brain capillaries isolated from human brain tissue represent a unique tool to study barrier function as close to the human in vivo situation as possible. Here, we describe an optimized protocol to isolate capillaries from human brain tissue at a high yield and with consistent ...


Harmonization Of Delirium Severity Instruments: A Comparison Of The Drs-R-98, Mdas, And Cam-S Using Item Response Theory, Alden L. Gross, Doug Tommet, Madeline D'Aquila, Eva Schmitt, Edward R. Marcantonio, Benjamin Helfand, Sharon K. Inouye, Richard N. Jones Sep 2018

Harmonization Of Delirium Severity Instruments: A Comparison Of The Drs-R-98, Mdas, And Cam-S Using Item Response Theory, Alden L. Gross, Doug Tommet, Madeline D'Aquila, Eva Schmitt, Edward R. Marcantonio, Benjamin Helfand, Sharon K. Inouye, Richard N. Jones

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the level of agreement of three commonly used delirium instruments: the Delirium Rating Scale-Revised-98 (DRS-R-98), Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS), and Confusion Assessment Method-Severity (CAM-S).

METHODS: We used data from a prospective clinical research study, in which a team of trained lay interviewers administered each instrument along with supporting interview and cognitive assessments in the same group of patients daily while in the hospital (N = 352). We used item response theory methods to co-calibrate the instruments.

RESULTS: The latent traits underlying the three measures, capturing the severity of a delirium assessment, had a high ...


Life Review In Aging: A Primer, Thomas M. Meuser Sep 2018

Life Review In Aging: A Primer, Thomas M. Meuser

Social Work Faculty Publications

Humans are narrative beings. We understand and speak of ourselves and the events of our lives in the context of stories. The stories we tell are influenced by our lived experiences, the quality of our memories (what’s recalled and forgotten), relationships, personality styles, values, accomplishments, regrets, spiritual beliefs, and a host of other factors. Telling our stories from the vantage point of old age is reflective of a maturational process of introspection and discovery called life review.


Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment: A Primer, Thomas M. Meuser Sep 2018

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment: A Primer, Thomas M. Meuser

Social Work Faculty Publications

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment is an integrative approach to diagnosis, treatment and management of older adults that takes the whole person into account. While deficits may be a primary focus, strengths are also considered.


Working Memory And Falls Risk In Older Adults: An Event-Related Potential Study, Yee (Michelle) S. Wong Aug 2018

Working Memory And Falls Risk In Older Adults: An Event-Related Potential Study, Yee (Michelle) S. Wong

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

BACKGROUND: The aging population is rapidly increasing, where currently in North America, the population of older adults (ages 60+) outnumbers the population of children. Falls are a major concern for older adults and their quality of life. Cognitive impairment has been shown to be declined in older adults at-risk for falls, but working memory has not been thoroughly investigated within this population. PURPOSE: To examine differences in Non-Fallers, Moderate Risk for Falls, and Fallers in a working memory task using electroencephalography (EEG). METHODS: Older adults (n=44, female=27) aged 60 – 80 years (m=68.8, SD=4.7) completed ...