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Articles 1 - 30 of 277

Full-Text Articles in Dental Public Health and Education

Family Postponement Of Medical And Dental Care: The Influence Of Income Level And Financial Hardship, Sara K. Ray, Clinton G. Gudmunson Apr 2019

Family Postponement Of Medical And Dental Care: The Influence Of Income Level And Financial Hardship, Sara K. Ray, Clinton G. Gudmunson

Clinton G. Gudmunson

Medical and dental care are some of the most expensive expenditures that consumers incur, and they are also some of the most common expenses that families postpone (Gallup, 2015; Kaiser, 2012). The goal of the present is to examine family and financial factors that influence families’ likelihood of delaying healthcare in a predominantly middle and upper income sample. A large body of research framed by the Family Stress Model has used the postponement of healthcare as one of many indicators of family economic pressure that together predict deleterious relationship and developmental outcomes (Gauthier & Furstenberg, 2010). However, only a handful of ...


A Systematic Review Of The Caries Prevalence Among Children Living In Chernobyl Fallout Countries, Michael Wolgin, Nicole Filina, Valentyn Dvornyk, Edward Lynch, Andrej M. Kielbassa Mar 2019

A Systematic Review Of The Caries Prevalence Among Children Living In Chernobyl Fallout Countries, Michael Wolgin, Nicole Filina, Valentyn Dvornyk, Edward Lynch, Andrej M. Kielbassa

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

The present study analyzed the data concerning the caries prevalence in children born and permanently residing in Chernobyl fallout areas. Setting forth to evaluate if differences regarding the caries prevalence can be observed compared to non-contaminated sites of affected East European countries. Methods used to assess the caries prevalence were limited to DMFT/dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) for the primary and the permanent dentitions. The databases PubMed, EMBASE/Ovid, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and eLIBRARY were consulted for the electronic literature search...(Please see text for full abstrast)


Silver Diamine Fluoride Versus Sodium Fluoride For Arresting Dentine Caries In Children: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Alice Trieu, Ahmed Mohamed, Edward Lynch Feb 2019

Silver Diamine Fluoride Versus Sodium Fluoride For Arresting Dentine Caries In Children: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Alice Trieu, Ahmed Mohamed, Edward Lynch

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

Dental caries can compromise quality of life and is associated with demineralization of tooth structure by organic acids produced by microorganisms. This study systematically reviewed the dentine caries arrest capabilities of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) and sodium fluoride (NaF). A comprehensive search strategy was developed to identify the relevant publications in electronic databases and hand searched journals and reviews (to March 2018). By applying strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, only six papers (two randomized controlled trials, two follow-up articles and two secondary statistical analysis studies) were considered for full text qualitative and quantitative assessment. The included studies were critically appraised ...


Sleep Apnea In Children, Tanya Al-Talib Jan 2019

Sleep Apnea In Children, Tanya Al-Talib

School of Dental Medicine - UMC Briefs

Does your child snore? Have you witnessed your child stop breathing while sleeping? Is your child not growth at a normal rate? Does your child feel tired? Does your child have trouble focusing in school? Does your child wet the bed?

All of the above conditions may be related to having sleep problems and or sleep disordered breathing.


The Impact Of Transfer Shock In A Dental Hygiene Program At A Four-Year Health-Sciences University, Claire Sallee Tucker Dec 2018

The Impact Of Transfer Shock In A Dental Hygiene Program At A Four-Year Health-Sciences University, Claire Sallee Tucker

Theses and Dissertations

In order for a student to be successful in dental hygiene education, the student must gain the required knowledge and skills necessary to perform as a hygienist and possess the ability to utilize critical thinking to apply these attributes while in the program and on the National Board of Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE) (Alzahrani, Thompson, & Bauman, 2007; Fried, Maxey, Battani, Gurenlian, Byrd, & Brunick, 2017). Dental hygiene students who attend a medical university have the option to take required pre-requisite courses at a community college or a four-year university. All dental hygiene students transfer from another institution and all have the potential to exhibit transfer shock, which may contribute to a drop in GPA following the transfer to another institution. Transfer shock typically occurs for students who transfer from a community college to a university (Hills 1965; Ivins, Copenhaver, & Koclanes, 2016). This study investigates the impact of transfer shock on students who transfer into a dental hygiene program from a two-year community college as opposed to a four-year university. This study examined whether the type of institution ...


Integrating Oral Health Into Social Marketing Campaigns: Program Development And Description For San Francisco Children’S Oral Health Strategic Plan, Carsen Bentley Aug 2018

Integrating Oral Health Into Social Marketing Campaigns: Program Development And Description For San Francisco Children’S Oral Health Strategic Plan, Carsen Bentley

Pacific Journal of Health

Integrating oral health into an existing San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFDPH) social marketing campaign was a specific goal of the San Francisco Children’s Oral Health Strategic Plan 2014-2017 with the purpose to more fully integrate oral health promotion into the City’s overall health promotion efforts. In the winter of 2015, utilizing a collaborative approach, oral health was successfully integrated in the Open Truth campaign, promoting decreased consumption of sugar sweetened beverages in order to improve health outcomes, including decreasing tooth decay.


Etsu Dental Hygiene Students’ Interest In And Perceived Preparedness For Nontraditional Or Expanded Roles After Graduation, Olivia Rowell May 2018

Etsu Dental Hygiene Students’ Interest In And Perceived Preparedness For Nontraditional Or Expanded Roles After Graduation, Olivia Rowell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Purpose

This study assessed ETSU dental hygiene students’ perceptions and attitudes toward their careers after graduation in relation to underserved populations’ lack of access to dental care and nontraditional roles for dental hygienists.

Methods

A voluntary simple survey was used to assess the following: dental hygiene students’ exposure to and knowledge about underserved populations and nontraditional roles for dental hygienists, students’ favor or opposition toward these nontraditional roles, students’ interest in nontraditional roles, and students’ perceived preparedness to work outside of a traditional dental office in nontraditional roles to provide care for underserved populations. The survey data was aggregated and ...


Long-Term Dental Outcomes Of The Professional Education Preparation Program., Samuel D. Petersen May 2018

Long-Term Dental Outcomes Of The Professional Education Preparation Program., Samuel D. Petersen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: The Professional Education Preparation Program (PEPP) is a health careers pipeline program for Kentucky pre-health students from Health Professional Shortage Area counties and/or racial/ethnic groups underrepresented in the health professions. The purpose of this study was to determine the demographics of the dental PEPP participants and if, post dental school graduation, they were providing care for underserved patient populations Methods: PEPP dental graduates (n=114) had been previously identified. Participants were contacted by phone, asked to participate and then mailed a survey. Survey questions covered personal, practice and patient characteristics, procedures performed, insurance accepted and community outreach ...


Understanding The New Blood Pressure Guidelines, Susan H. Davide, Anty Lam May 2018

Understanding The New Blood Pressure Guidelines, Susan H. Davide, Anty Lam

Publications and Research

Oral health professionals who are well versed in the new guidelines will be best prepared to handle the implications on patient care.


Chlorine Stain And The Oral Cavity, Alexandra B. Moore Apr 2018

Chlorine Stain And The Oral Cavity, Alexandra B. Moore

Dental Hygiene ETDs

Swimming is known worldwide as one of the healthiest, low-impact forms of exercise and for the subsequent promotion of a strong body, heart, and mind. However, many swimmers and non-swimmers do not realize that swimming in a pool can have a negative effect on the oral cavity. Several studies have suggested that pool chlorination is responsible for dental erosion, calculus formation, and stain in competitive and recreational swimmers, and this phenomenon is known as ‘swimmer’s mouth.’ A pilot experimental research study was conducted that evaluated the prevalence of chlorine stain in the oral cavity of twenty-one female swimmers from ...


Dental Students' Skills Assessments: Comparisons Of Daily Clinical Grades And Clinical And Laboratory Assessments, Elizangela Bertoli, Kristy Pepper Lawson, Susan S. Bishop Apr 2018

Dental Students' Skills Assessments: Comparisons Of Daily Clinical Grades And Clinical And Laboratory Assessments, Elizangela Bertoli, Kristy Pepper Lawson, Susan S. Bishop

Oral Health Practice Faculty Publications

The aim of this study was to compare the daily clinical grades of third-year dental students during routine clinical activities involving direct and indirect operative procedures to clinical and laboratory assessments. The authors compared students’ daily clinical grades to graded clinical assessments and compared daily clinical grades to laboratory assessments at one U.S. dental school. A total of 50 third-year students (participation rate: 98%) participated in this study during the school year of 2014–15. The study analyzed the students’ daily clinical grades and graded assessments during regular clinical activities and two laboratory examinations. The results found no statistically ...


Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial On Bleaching Sensitivity And Whitening Efficacy Of Hydrogen Peroxide Versus Combinations Of Hydrogen Peroxide And Ozone, Mahmoud K. Al-Omiri, Abdullah A. Al Nazeh, Andrej M. Kielbassa, Edward Lynch Feb 2018

Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial On Bleaching Sensitivity And Whitening Efficacy Of Hydrogen Peroxide Versus Combinations Of Hydrogen Peroxide And Ozone, Mahmoud K. Al-Omiri, Abdullah A. Al Nazeh, Andrej M. Kielbassa, Edward Lynch

Dental Medicine Faculty Publications

The clinical efficacy regarding bleaching sensitivity and tooth shade lightening using a standard hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) bleaching gel was compared with the additional use of ozone either before or after application of H2O2. Using computer-generated tables, 45 participants were randomly allocated into three groups (n = 15 each) in this investigator-driven, single-centre trial. In Group 1, upper anterior teeth were bleached using ozone (produced via a healOzone X4 device) for 60 seconds, then 38% H2O2 for 20 minutes; in Group 2, 38% H2O2 application (20 min) was followed by ozone (60 s); air produced by the healOzone machine (60 s) followed ...


Aloe Vera: A Multipurpose Healer And Bacterial Eradicator, Mary X. Tran, Leira N. Jimenez, Linda K. Blackburn Jan 2018

Aloe Vera: A Multipurpose Healer And Bacterial Eradicator, Mary X. Tran, Leira N. Jimenez, Linda K. Blackburn

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

The Aloe vera plant is a succulent known for its rich content in vitamins and minerals, thus gaining popularity over the years in healthcare products. With advancements in alternative medicine, it has been recently found useful in dentistry due to properties such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial actions that contribute to wound healing. The purpose of this study was to examine and discover how Aloe vera can be used as an alternative therapy in the dental field. The PubMed, Google Scholar and Dentistry & Oral Sciences (DOSS) databases were utilized to find current scientific evidence on the effects of Aloe vera ...


Consideration For Care For Your Patient With Cerebral Palsy, Katlin R. Cannon, Melissa Stowe, Brooke Ryan Jan 2018

Consideration For Care For Your Patient With Cerebral Palsy, Katlin R. Cannon, Melissa Stowe, Brooke Ryan

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common developmental neurological disorder affecting about 2-3 children out of 1,000. CP is the result of infant brain damage or abnormal development resulting in impaired muscle control, coordination, tone, reflex, posture, and balance. These patients are unable to control motor movements of their muscles of mastication and facial expression, causing excessive drooling, clenching, bruxism, and other oral health-related issues. This lack of motor control affects their ability to swallow and often limits these patients to a liquid diet. This can lead to vitamin deficiencies and result in further developmental problems. As an example, a ...


Got Caries? Breast Milk And Early Childhood Caries?, Megan L. Dean, Rebecca Fields, Hannah Fritz Jan 2018

Got Caries? Breast Milk And Early Childhood Caries?, Megan L. Dean, Rebecca Fields, Hannah Fritz

Dental Hygiene Student Scholarship

Objective: To provide an analysis of the association between the longevity of breastfeeding and development of ECC. Determine the optimal time frame in which mothers should cease breastfeeding to reduce ECC development. Methods: Dr. Brickhouse, PubMed, Google Scholar and other scholarly databases were utilized to find current scientific evidence on the effects of breast milk on ECC. Relevant articles were summarized to write a review of literature. 16 articles published from 2015 to the present date were reviewed and cited. Results: From the studies, there is strong evidence to support breastfeeding beyond 12 months of age increases the prevalence of ...


Perceptions And Attitudes Of Healthcare Students Towards Marijuana, Carrie Crosby Jan 2018

Perceptions And Attitudes Of Healthcare Students Towards Marijuana, Carrie Crosby

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

Perceptions of marijuana were studied in healthcare students at EWU. It was found that most students had an average self-reported knowledge of marijuana use. Marijuana comes in several forms such as, edibles, smoked, patches, and lotions. With its recent legalization in Washington State, sales tax alone has accumulated $400 million dollars in the past 3 years. With this increase in use an examination of healthcare students was warranted. Most students also felt there was a need for more education on marijuana and that their current knowledge level was not enough to be competent when talking with patients about use. Overall ...


A Survey Of Dental Hygiene Program Directors: Curriculum Development And Implementation For The Dental Hygiene-Based Dental Therapist, Heidi Desmarais Jan 2018

A Survey Of Dental Hygiene Program Directors: Curriculum Development And Implementation For The Dental Hygiene-Based Dental Therapist, Heidi Desmarais

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

Purpose: This study used a survey of program directors and program chairs to analyze relationships related to curriculum development for a dental hygiene-based dental therapist and the question of how external variables affect allied health workforce development and implementation.

Methods: A survey instrument was utilized to help identify the relationship between a dental hygiene-based dental therapist curriculum and the external influences of future needs of the dental hygiene profession and workforce; external influences; and institutional influences on curriculum design and implementation using Spearman’s rho testing. The open-ended question was studied through the application of grounded theory analysis. (N=340 ...


Efficacy Of Brushing With Probiotics For The Reduction Of Gingivitis, Cheri L. Barton Jan 2018

Efficacy Of Brushing With Probiotics For The Reduction Of Gingivitis, Cheri L. Barton

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of brushing with the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri on plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation. This study included 34 healthy adult subjects, ages 18-65, exhibiting gingivitis. Participants were asked to participate in a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study testing whether brushing with L. reuteri probiotic drops added to toothpaste reduced the clinical parameters of gingivitis more than brushing with a placebo drop added to toothpaste.

Methods: Biological measurements of plaque accumulation were recorded using disclosing solution and an O’Leary Plaque Score (PS), and gingival inflammation was recorded using a ...


Exploring Student-Led Interprofessional Education Through A Community Service Project, Lindsay Ann Doerschuk Jan 2018

Exploring Student-Led Interprofessional Education Through A Community Service Project, Lindsay Ann Doerschuk

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

Purpose: The purpose of this research was to explore the effectiveness of a student-led interprofessional education (IPE) workshop in improving student attitudes and perceptions toward IPE. Students from four health science programs including Dental Hygiene, Communication Sciences and Disorders/Speech and Hearing, Health Services Administration and Occupational Therapy participated in a community service event. Students provided screenings to veteran patients including a health history intake, hearing test, and sleep screening while other students observed.

Methods: Students were asked to attend an orientation, the Vets Day IPE workshop, and a debrief session. This mixed methods approach study utilized the Readiness for ...


The Lasting Impact Of Intraprofessional Education Between Dentists And Dental Hygienists, Kimber Satter Jan 2018

The Lasting Impact Of Intraprofessional Education Between Dentists And Dental Hygienists, Kimber Satter

EWU Masters Thesis Collection

Purpose: The Regional Initiatives in Dental Education (RIDE) program at the University of Washington (UW) allows first year dental students to take courses with Eastern Washington University dental hygiene (DH) students. This study was conducted to see if the RIDE program is effective as an Intraprofessional Education (IntraPE) program in improving dentists’ attitudes towards teamwork and understanding the roles and responsibilities of the DH.

Methods: UW School of Dentistry alumni from 2012-2017 were invited to participate in this study. Attitudes towards teamwork and roles and responsibilities were assessed using two online surveys: a demographic survey containing open-ended questions, and a ...


Evaluation Of A Midwifery Initiated Oral Health-Dental Service Program To Improve Oral Health And Birth Outcomes For Pregnant Women: A Multi-Centre Randomised Controlled Trial, Ajesh George, Hannah G. Dahlen, Anthony Blinkhorn, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Sharon Ellis, Anthony Yeo, Emma Elcombe, Maree Johnson Jan 2018

Evaluation Of A Midwifery Initiated Oral Health-Dental Service Program To Improve Oral Health And Birth Outcomes For Pregnant Women: A Multi-Centre Randomised Controlled Trial, Ajesh George, Hannah G. Dahlen, Anthony Blinkhorn, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Sharon Ellis, Anthony Yeo, Emma Elcombe, Maree Johnson

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Background: Oral health care during pregnancy is important for the health of the mother and child. However, pregnant women have limited knowledge about maternal oral health and seldom seek dental care. Further, due to limited training antenatal care providers like midwives rarely discuss oral health with pregnant women. The Midwifery-Initiated Oral Health Dental Service program was developed to address current gaps in oral promotional interventions during pregnancy. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of a Midwifery-Initiated Oral Health Dental Service program in improving uptake of dental services, oral health knowledge, quality of oral health, oral health status and birth outcomes of ...


The Analytical Methods Used To Detect Fluoride In Dental Pharmaceuticals, Amber Aboona Dec 2017

The Analytical Methods Used To Detect Fluoride In Dental Pharmaceuticals, Amber Aboona

Honors College Theses

My thesis, “The Analytical Methods Used to Detect Fluoride in Dental Pharmaceuticals” discusses the various analytical chemistry methods which are incorporated in the field of dentistry in order to detect fluoride in pharmaceuticals such as toothpaste and mouthwash. The oral cavity is exposed to various forms of bacteria, many of which enter through the consumption of foods and drinks that contain sugar and starch. The side effects of fluoride have been a controversial component of oral healthcare, however, many benefits have been discussed. Water fluoridation has been one of many significant methods of incorporating fluoride into the oral cavity, enhancing ...


The Assessment Of A School-Based Dental Program, Peggy H. Hyden Dec 2017

The Assessment Of A School-Based Dental Program, Peggy H. Hyden

Dental Hygiene ETDs

The Assessment of a School-Based Dental Program

by

Peggy H. Hyden

B.S., Dental Hygiene, Caruth School of Dental Hygiene, Texas A&M College of Dentistry, 1979 M.S., Dental Hygiene, University of New Mexico, 2018

ABSTRACT Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare non-participants and participants of a school-based dental program and assess the utilization and satisfaction of services offered. Methods: Sixty-seven hundred questionnaires, containing 20 questions, were distributed to the parents/guardians of the Carlsbad and Loving school systems. Surveys were taken home by the students, given to the parent/guardians and returned within 1 week. Descriptive statistics was used to report all data and proportions test was used to compare the non-participants and the participants and determine statistical significance. The significance level or P value was calculated using a general z –test.

Results: A total of 748 questionnaires, were returned resulting in an 11% response rate. Of this population 70% had never used the program, 19% had participated one time, and 10% participated 3 or more times. Ninety-nine percent of those who participated reported the experience was pleasant. Sixty-one percent of the participants reported no decay, 15% reported one cavity, 17% reported two cavities and 7% reported more than two cavities. Three questions were used to determine whether there was enough evidence of difference with the participants’ vs non-participants. Statistical significance was seen for question 1”Does it make receiving dental care easier and more available with the school-based program?”(p

Conclusion: This study revealed statistically significant differences between the non-participants and the participants in regard to satisfaction and utilization of the program. Many believed the school-based program makes utilization easier but the satisfaction comes in the participation of the program. The non-participants believe it does make utilization easier but choose not to use the program for various reasons. The school-based programs provide care for the underserved but many families choose to participate out of the ease of utilization. Parents do not have to take off from work; child misses very minimal class time. This is a big advantage of the school-based programs.


Healthy Teeth: Building Dental Health Awareness Among Head Start Parents, Marisol Cruz Dec 2017

Healthy Teeth: Building Dental Health Awareness Among Head Start Parents, Marisol Cruz

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

In the U.S and state of California, tooth decay is the most common chronic disease and concerning health issue among children. The Head Start program in Monterey County serves about 1, 245 children annually from birth to five years of age. One requirement is that children obtain dental health checkups every six months, and receive dental treatment, if needed, as part of adhering to California's dental periodicity schedule. Over the past years, an increase of failed dental health assessments was observed among many children enrolled in the program. Obtaining and following through with treatment was an obstacle. The ...


Dental Disparities And The Safety Net In Blount County, Micaela J. Cornett May 2017

Dental Disparities And The Safety Net In Blount County, Micaela J. Cornett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This qualitative study focused on the dental disparities in Blount County, TN and sought to determine if there are enough dental clinics within the dental safety net. Interviews were conducted with 18 individuals who were either service providers or clients of organizations such as the Salvation Army, Alcoa Good Samaritan Clinic, the local health department, Trinity Dental Clinic, Volunteer Ministry Center, Remote Area Medical, and Blount Memorial Hospital. Inclusion criteria for clients included: homeless or living below the poverty level, uninsured, 18 to 65 years of age, has not seen a dentist in the past year and currently suffering a ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Child, Family, And Community Factors And Early Childhood Oral Health And The Utilization Of Dental Health Services, Nicole Holt May 2017

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Child, Family, And Community Factors And Early Childhood Oral Health And The Utilization Of Dental Health Services, Nicole Holt

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background / Objective: Children under the age of 5 years bear a disproportionate burden of oral disease. The aim of this study is to investigate how child, family, and community determinants impact dental care utilization, and parental report of child’s oral health. Methods: Data for this study came from the 2011/2012 National Survey of Children’s Health for children aged 1 to 5 years old. Dependent variables evaluated were if the child had an oral health problem, been to a dentist in the past year, and parents description of the child’s teeth. Independent variables were selected from child ...


Effective And Ineffective Clinical Teaching And Instruction In Dental Hygiene School, Vicki Gianopoulos Pizanis Apr 2017

Effective And Ineffective Clinical Teaching And Instruction In Dental Hygiene School, Vicki Gianopoulos Pizanis

Teacher Education, Educational Leadership & Policy ETDs

Introduction

Educators who teach in a clinical setting, primarily in healthcare fields, while having knowledge of the subject, having skills in what is taught, and having experience in the field, often have little-to-no training in teaching. This results in instructional practices being based upon intuition and experience. Becoming aware of how qualities and characteristics of clinical instructors affect adult learners’ educational experience through evidence-based research, and using its implications, would help promote more effective instruction and ultimately improve student learning.

Methodology

A mixed methods study using Grounded Theory and Critical Incidence technique was conducted to study junior student, senior student ...


Oral Health Beliefs Of Alaska Native Dental Patients, Abigail N. Adams, Carly T. Mckenzie Mar 2017

Oral Health Beliefs Of Alaska Native Dental Patients, Abigail N. Adams, Carly T. Mckenzie

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

This study investigated the oral health beliefs of Alaska Native dental patients via a questionnaire with 4-point Likert scales. Respondents (n = 136) reported high perceived importance of keeping natural teeth. Females viewed oral health as more important than males. Respondents generally did not view dentists as readily available (M = 2.86, SD = 0.66). Perceived availability and efficacy of dentists were positively correlated (r = 0.219, p = 0.021). Beliefs regarding seriousness of dental problems and importance of oral health were strongly correlated (r = 0.547, p < 0.001). Age predicted perceived seriousness of oral health problems, dentist availability, and prevention benefits. Access to dental care is perceived as a barrier among Alaska Natives generally and elders in particular. Oral health education and prevention messages should utilize the existing belief that keeping natural teeth is important. Public information about available services and transportation logistics may decrease perceived availability barriers.


Clinical Performance Measures And Quality Improvement System Considerations For Dental Education, Joseph W. Parkinson, Gregory G. Zeller Mar 2017

Clinical Performance Measures And Quality Improvement System Considerations For Dental Education, Joseph W. Parkinson, Gregory G. Zeller

Oral Health Practice Faculty Publications

Quality improvement and quality assurance programs are an integral part of providing excellence in health care delivery. The Dental Quality Alliance and the Commission on Dental Accreditation recognize this and have created standards and recommendations to advise health care providers and health care delivery systems, including dental schools, on measuring the quality of the care delivered to patients. Overall health care expenditures have increased, and the Affordable Care Act has made health care, including dentistry, available to more people in the United States. These increases in cost and in the number of patients accessing care contribute to a heightened interest ...


Addressing The Decline In The Uptake Of The Iowa Maternal And Prenatal Screening Program, Sandra Daack-Hirsch, Jane Pendergast, Elizabeth Momany, Timothy Ginader, Andrew Emile Ghattas, Stephanie Stewart, Stanley Grant Feb 2017

Addressing The Decline In The Uptake Of The Iowa Maternal And Prenatal Screening Program, Sandra Daack-Hirsch, Jane Pendergast, Elizabeth Momany, Timothy Ginader, Andrew Emile Ghattas, Stephanie Stewart, Stanley Grant

Health Policy

Noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) account for almost 90% of total deaths in the United States. The four most common NCDs—cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers, and chronic respiratory diseases—share common risk factors, including tobacco and alcohol use and dietary behaviors associated with obesity and elevated blood sugar. The most common oral diseases— dental caries, periodontal disease, and oral cancer—share these common risk factors. A coordinated approach to primary prevention, the “common risk factor approach,” argues that coordinated primary prevention of oral and systemic diseases will reduce programmatic costs and increase efficiency and effectiveness. However, use of this coordinated approach ...