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Pathogenic Microbiology Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Pathogenic Microbiology

Antibiotic Efficacy And Interaction In Escherichia Coli During Varying Nutrient Conditions, Kristina K. Millar Jan 2016

Antibiotic Efficacy And Interaction In Escherichia Coli During Varying Nutrient Conditions, Kristina K. Millar

Scripps Senior Theses

Due to the recent rise in antibiotic resistant pathogens, and the difficulties surrounding the quest for new antibiotics, many researchers have started revisiting antibiotic interactions in hopes of finding new treatment options. The primary outcome of this project was to examine the efficacy of concomitant antibiotic use under varying nutrient conditions, to identify variations in antibiotic interactions. Antibiotic interactions were studied, utilizing E. coli as a model bacterial system, grown in four different media types. E. coli cultures were treated with streptomycin, tobramycin, erythromycin, and amikacin individually and in a pairwise fashion at varying doses. We found that at least ...


Design And Testing Of Novel Anthrax Vaccines Utilizing A Tobacco Mosaic Virus Expression System, Ryan C. Mccomb Dec 2015

Design And Testing Of Novel Anthrax Vaccines Utilizing A Tobacco Mosaic Virus Expression System, Ryan C. Mccomb

KGI Theses and Dissertations

Anthrax is a potentially fatal disease caused by the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. Infection and disease occur after spores gain entry into the body, germinate into vegetative bacteria, and produce toxin. Bacillus anthracis spores have been engineered as bioweapons and have been used repeatedly in warfare and terrorism to inflict casualties in military and civilian populations. Currently, only one vaccine has been approved for prevention of anthrax in the United States. This vaccine is an undefined product that is difficult to produce, requires a long vaccination schedule, and is reactogenic. Efforts to make an improved anthrax vaccine are being pursued. With ...


Preface To Special Issue Aug 2009

Preface To Special Issue

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

No abstract provided.


Laboulbeniales On Semiaquatic Heteroptera. A New Species Of Triceromyces (Ascomycota, Laboulbeniales) On Microvelia (Heteroptera, Veliidae) From Spain, Sergio Santamaria Aug 2008

Laboulbeniales On Semiaquatic Heteroptera. A New Species Of Triceromyces (Ascomycota, Laboulbeniales) On Microvelia (Heteroptera, Veliidae) From Spain, Sergio Santamaria

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

A new species of fungal genus Triceromyces (Laboulbeniales) is described: Triceromyces benjaminii. The description is based on several thalli found on the insect host Microvelia pygmaea (Heteroptera, Veliidae), collected in two localities from SE Spain. Characteristics of male and female thalli of this dioecious species are discussed and compared with other dioecious taxa. The characteristics of male thalli require some adjustment in generic limits. This is the first species of Triceromyces known to parasitize a species of Microvelia, a semiaquatic heteropteran genus. The new species is described and illustrated with line drawings and photographs. A table collates information on synonymy ...


The Genus Prolixandromyces (Laboulbeniales) In The Old World Prolixandromyces (Laboulbeniales), Alex Weir Aug 2008

The Genus Prolixandromyces (Laboulbeniales) In The Old World Prolixandromyces (Laboulbeniales), Alex Weir

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

Two new species of Prolixandromyces (Laboulbeniales) parasitic on Rhagovelia (Heteroptera: Veliidae) are described and illustrated: Prolixandromyces benjaminii from the Philippine Islands and P. lanceolatus from Africa (Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and South Africa) and Asia (Indonesia: Sulawesi, Sumba, Timor; Malaysia: Selangor; and Sri Lanka). In order to accommodate these species the circumscription of Prolixandromyces is emended. The new taxa are compared with the one known species from the Old World, P. triandrus from Spain, and with the five known New World taxa.


A New Species Of Genus Laboulbenia (Laboulbeniales) On Craspedophorus Formosanus (Coleoptera, Carabidae) From Taiwan, With A Note On Laboulbenia Asiatica, Katsuyuki Terada, Meng-Hao Hsu, Wen-Jer Wu Aug 2008

A New Species Of Genus Laboulbenia (Laboulbeniales) On Craspedophorus Formosanus (Coleoptera, Carabidae) From Taiwan, With A Note On Laboulbenia Asiatica, Katsuyuki Terada, Meng-Hao Hsu, Wen-Jer Wu

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

Laboulbenia taiwaniana sp. nov. on Craspedophorus formosanus is described from Taiwan and illustrated with photographs. It is characterized by a long, asymmetrical perithecium with an oblique apex and a pale-colored lower wall, a slender, evenly tapered receptacle with cylindrical cell I and II and trapezoidal cell IV, well developed appendages with black septa concentrated in the basal portion of the appendage system, and especially by black septa on the distal end of cell g. Laboulbenia asiatica, which was described from an Asian carabid---"Casnonia sp."---in 1899 and was illustrated in 1908 by Thaxter, is reviewed and compared with L ...


New Species Of Cucujomyces (Laboulbeniales) On Chilean Leiodidae, Walter Rossi, Alex Weir Aug 2008

New Species Of Cucujomyces (Laboulbeniales) On Chilean Leiodidae, Walter Rossi, Alex Weir

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

Four new species of Cucujomyces (Laboulbeniales) parasitic on Leiodidae (Coleoptera) from Chile are described and illustrated: Cucujomyces dasypelatis on Dasypelates nebulosus, C. gratiellae on Hydnodietus brunneus, C. neohydnobii on Neohydnobius argentinicus, and C. newtonii on Metahydnobius spp. The new taxa are compared with other known species of Cucujomyces. Morphological variation encountered in one of the new species, C. gratiellae, encompasses attributes of both Cucujomyces and Balazucia, necessitating Balazucia to be placed in synonymy under Cucujomyces. On the basis of this, two new combinations, Cucujomyces bilateralis and C. japonicus, are proposed.


Methods Used By Dr. R. K. Benjamin, And Other Mycologists, To Isolate Zygomycetes, Gerald L. Benny Aug 2008

Methods Used By Dr. R. K. Benjamin, And Other Mycologists, To Isolate Zygomycetes, Gerald L. Benny

Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany

The methods that Dr. Richard K. Benjamin used to isolate Zygomycetes are discussed. These processes involved the following five steps: (1) collection, (2) plating, (3) isolation, (4) culture, and (5) maintenance. Additional methods, materials, and modifications used to isolate Zygomycetes are summarized. The author considers the flattening of the aerial hyphae onto the substrate of the faster- and higher-growing Mucorales for several consecutive days to be the critical step in isolating species of Coemansia, Piptocephalis, Syncephalis, and Dimargaritales. The methods used by other scholars to isolate, culture, and study many taxa in Zygomycetes also are discussed.