Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Molecular Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Characterization Of The Role Of Alpha-Arylphorin In The Heliothis Virescens Midgut Response To Cry1ac Toxin From Bacillus Thuringiensis, Jerreme Jamael Jackson May 2015

Characterization Of The Role Of Alpha-Arylphorin In The Heliothis Virescens Midgut Response To Cry1ac Toxin From Bacillus Thuringiensis, Jerreme Jamael Jackson

Doctoral Dissertations

Homeostasis of the intestinal epithelium in Heliothis virescens is mediated by the proliferation and differentiation of multipotent intestinal stem cells (ISCs) that lie adjacent to the basal lamina. In response to extrinsic and intrinsic signals, ISC proliferation and differentiation promotes epithelial growth and regeneration following the loss of integrity. We tested the in vivo effects of the ISC mitogen, a [alpha]-arylphorin, on ISC proliferation and the morphological changes of the midgut during larval development. Additionally, we examined how these changes affected the intestinal epithelium response to Cry1Ac toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis. Histological and in vitro evidence supported two distinct ...


Beryllium Nitrate Supports Fibroblast Migration As An Essential Component Of Skin And Limb Regeneration In Axolotls, Adam Boyd Cook Jan 2015

Beryllium Nitrate Supports Fibroblast Migration As An Essential Component Of Skin And Limb Regeneration In Axolotls, Adam Boyd Cook

Theses and Dissertations--Biology

Tissue regeneration in salamanders is a robust process that is not easily interrupted or altered. Therefore, inhibiting regeneration provides a means to interrogate the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating this complex event. Here we show that application of a relatively low concentration of beryllium nitrate solution (100mM) causes a delay in skin regeneration and severely alters normal limb regeneration. We provide evidence showing a beryllium-induced reduction in dermal fibroblast migration in vivo and in vitro. We link this phenomenon to delayed regeneration of the skin and abnormal blastema formation resulting in limb patterning defects during regeneration. Though our results ...


Pcdh19 Expression In Normal And Regenerating Adult Zebrafish Retinas, Kristin N. Forkapa Ms. Jan 2015

Pcdh19 Expression In Normal And Regenerating Adult Zebrafish Retinas, Kristin N. Forkapa Ms.

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

My Honors Research Project will test the function of the N-cadherin molecule on the zebrafish optic nerve regeneration. N-cadherin is a member of the cadherin superfamily. Cadherins are cell adhesion molecules important for animal development and maintenance of adult structures. Unlike mammals, fish and amphibians have the ability to regenerate their optic nerve after damages. Molecular mechanisms underlying the optic nerve regeneration are still under intense investigation. Studies in Dr. Liu’s laboratory showed that expression of several cadherins, including N-cadherin, was greatly increased during adult zebrafish optic nerve regeneration, suggesting that cadherins may be involved in the optic nerve ...


Development Of Peripheral Innervation In The Frog Xenopus Laevis, Mitali A. Gandhi Aug 2014

Development Of Peripheral Innervation In The Frog Xenopus Laevis, Mitali A. Gandhi

Theses and Dissertations

The skin in Xenopus laevis is innervated by two different sets of mechanosensory neurons at different times during development. Rohon Beard (RB) neurons start differentiating during gastrulation, innervate the embryonic skin and mediate sensory function during hatching. Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) neurons start differentiating after neural crest migration, innervate adult epidermal targets and mediate mechanosensory function during larval and adult stages and eventually replace RB neurons. The change in sensory neurons occurs during the transformation of skin, sensory structures, and behavior from their embryonic to their larval forms. We hypothesized that developmental changes in either the sensory end organs or ...


Cellular Mechanisms Of Mammalian Liver Regeneration, Kilangsungla Yanger Jan 2013

Cellular Mechanisms Of Mammalian Liver Regeneration, Kilangsungla Yanger

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

CELLULAR MECHANISMS OF MAMMALIAN LIVER REGENERATION

Kilangsungla Yanger

Ben Z. Stanger

The liver is an essential organ that aids in metabolic processes, protein synthesis and detoxification of harmful substances. As the centre for detoxification, the liver is able to compensate for this routine damage with its robust regenerative ability. All vertebrate livers, for example, can make up for tissue mass loss (via surgical excision of a portion of the liver) by replication of their differentiated cells within the remnant lobes. These differentiated cells include parenchymal cells such as the hepatocytes and biliary epithelial cells (BECs) and also non-parenchymal cells ...