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Full-Text Articles in Molecular Biology

Purification And Characterization Of Antibodies Against Killifish Hif-1Α, Janet Gonzalez-Rosario May 2016

Purification And Characterization Of Antibodies Against Killifish Hif-1Α, Janet Gonzalez-Rosario

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Many fish face low oxygen concentrations (hypoxia) in their natural environments, and they respond to hypoxia through a variety of behavioral, physiological, and cellular mechanisms. Some of these responses involve changes in gene expression. In mammals, the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) family of transcription factors are the “master regulators” of gene expression during hypoxia, but the study of HIF in fish has been hampered by the lack of reagents to detect this protein in non-mammalian vertebrates. The goals of this thesis are to affinity purify antibodies against HIF from the killifish Fundulus heteroclitus and use them to recover and quantify ...


A Novel Transcription Factor In Arabidopsis Thaliana Abiotic Stress Response, Achira S. Weerathunga Arachchilage Dec 2015

A Novel Transcription Factor In Arabidopsis Thaliana Abiotic Stress Response, Achira S. Weerathunga Arachchilage

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Plants respond to environmental stress by altering their gene expression. Under stress conditions some genes are activated and some genes are repressed. Even though a lot of work has been done to understand mechanisms of gene activation under abiotic stress very little information is available on how stress responsive genes are kept repressed under normal growth conditions. Recent work has revealed that plants use transcriptional repression as common mechanism of gene repression. Transcriptional repression is achieved by recruitment co-repressor complexes to the target genes. Recent studies have revealed that the co-repressor LUH complexes with SLK1 and SLK2 to silence Arabidopsis ...


Identification Of The Transcriptional Co-Repressor Complex And Its Functions In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Barsha Shrestha May 2014

Identification Of The Transcriptional Co-Repressor Complex And Its Functions In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Barsha Shrestha

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Study On The Regulation Of Amino Acids And Glucose Sensing Pathways In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Mengying Chiang Aug 2013

A Study On The Regulation Of Amino Acids And Glucose Sensing Pathways In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Mengying Chiang

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Nutrient availability regulates eukaryotic cell growth. This study focuses on two signaling pathways, involved in sensing amino acids and carbon sources, which allow cells to respond appropriately to their presence. The first part of this study shows that Ssy1, a plasma membrane localized sensor in the Ssy1-Ptr3-Ssy5 (SPS) amino acid sensing pathway, can detect 19 common L-amino acids with different potencies and affinities based on the physiochemical structure of amino acids. Substituents around alpha carbon are critical for amino acid sensing by Ssy1. Furthermore, a high concentration of cysteine is toxic to cells. Inactivation of SPS signaling confers resistance to ...


Regulation Of The Target Of Rapamycin Signaling Pathway In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Tammy Pracheil May 2013

Regulation Of The Target Of Rapamycin Signaling Pathway In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Tammy Pracheil

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

An integrative, biochemical, genetic, and molecular biology approach utilizing gene manipulation, gene knock outs, plasmid based protein expression, and in vivo protein localization of fluorescence tagged proteins was employed to determine the function of an essential protein, Lst8, in TORC1 and TORC2 signaling and a previously uncharacterized complex, the Far3-7-8-9-10-11 complex (Far complex) in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mutations in SAC7 and FAR11 suppressed lethality of both lst8 and tor2-21 mutations but not TORC1 inactivation, suggesting that the essential function of Lst8 is linked only to TORC2.

Far11, a component of a six-member complex, was found to interact with ...


Validation Of Antibodies Used To Study Hypoxia Inducible Factors In Two Species Of Fundulus, Jenna D. Hill May 2013

Validation Of Antibodies Used To Study Hypoxia Inducible Factors In Two Species Of Fundulus, Jenna D. Hill

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) are transcription factors and the master regulators of oxygen-dependent gene expression in animals. The focus of this thesis is the distribution of HIF protein in tissues of the fish Fundulus heteroclitus and F. grandis, two widespread species that occur in naturally hypoxic waters. Polyclonal antibodies against HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and HIF-3α were tested on proteins made in vitro and on extracts made from several tissues of normoxic and hypoxic fish. Antibodies against HIF-1α and 3α bound specifically to full length protein made in vitro, and produced bands on western blots of nuclear extracts of near the expected ...